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Document No: 19004-DB-001





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Document No: 19004-DB-001


1.0 Design Philosophy 3

2.0 Design Loads 3

3.0 Serviceability Consideration 8

4.0 Analysis methods 8

5.0 Design Life 8

6.0 Design Methodology 8

7.0 Foundation 9

8.0 Materials 9

9.0 Fire resistance 10

10.0 Nominal cover 10

11.0 Temperature and Shrinkage effects 11

12.0 Design Standards 11

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Document No: 19004-DB-001

1.0 Design Philosophy

The structure is proposed for Construction of BSM/Govt office building at Bhubaneswar. This report
covers minimum design specifications, which will form the overall design philosophy to be adopted
in the structural design of the project.
The Structural Design Basis Report is prepared in reference with the relevant IS Codes and
Architectural drawings. The Building comprises of one Basements + Lower Ground +Upper Ground
+10 Upper floors+ Terrace. As per the soil report furnished to us, it is understood that the ground
water table is at 21m from existing ground level.
The Building is proposed to be designed as RCC structure with Post Tensioned slab. The office
space has primarily flat slab system with drop beams & columns suitably placed as per the design
intent. The shear walls are provided at lift/whenever required will increase the stability. The
foundation system is as per the soil consultant’s report and recommendations. The services areas are
planned to be constructed in conventional framed systems for duct provisions.
All designs shall strictly conform to the standards specified in clause 10.0

2.0 Design Loads

2.1 Imposed Loads

The imposed loads that are envisaged to act permanently (wherever applicable) are as
following: -

Items Load Intensity

Floor finish (75mm thick screed) 1.6 kN/m2

Partitions wall 1.0 kN/m2

False ceiling + Ducting 0.5 kN/m2

Filling for sunken portion with sinder (or)

18 kN/m3
brick bat(Wherever filling is required)

100 Sunken portions in toilets# 2.4 kN/m2

External finishes As per actuals

In toilet areas the actual partition loads shall be calculated and maximum value Considered.

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
Self-Weight of Structural Members:

Materials Unit Weight in kN/m3

Steel 78.50
Plain Concrete 24.00
Reinforced Concrete 25.00
Soil -Dry 18.00
Soil -Moist 20.00
Water 10

The superimposed load or otherwise live load assessed based on the occupancy classifications
as per IS: 875 (Part 2) – 1987 is listed as follows: -

Occupancy classification UDL KN/m2

1. Office 4.00

2. Toilets 2.00

3. Corridors, passages, lobbies, balconies, Staircases including fire 4.00


4. Electrical room 7.50

5. Store room 5.00

6. Server room 10.00

7. Terrace floor 4.00

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
2.2 Wind Load

Wind Loads for structure and elements shall be calculated in accordance with provisions laid
in IS: 875-2015(part-3) & basic data as follows.

Description Data Remarks

considering as per the last cyclone hit data in

Basic Wind Speed, Vb 56 m/s

Probability factor (Risk co- General buildings & Structures (for return period of 50
efficient), k1 years)

Terrain Category 1 Exposed Open terrain with Few or No Obstruction

K2 = 1.05 upto
Terrain, height and structure 10m height and
As per Structure class & height of structure
size factor, k2 k2= 1.2 at 50m

Topography factor, k3 1.00 Upwind slope is lesser than 3°

Importance factor for

1.00 Clause 6.3.4, IS 875-2015
cyclonic region k4

Design Wind Speed at the height Z Vz = Vb * k1* k2 * k3 * k4

Design Wind pressure at the height Z Pz = 0.6 * Vz2

Wind Directionality Factor Kd =1.0 (Clause 7.2.1)

Area Averaging Factor Ka =0.8 (Clause 7.2.2)

Combination Factor Kc =1.0(Clause7.3.3.13)

Design Wind pressure, Pd = Max ( (Kd * Ka * Kc * Pz) or 0.7Pz )

Calculated Wind loads are applied over structure in 0°, 90°,180° and 270° Wind Directions.
Application of Wind load shall be as per IS 875-2015.

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
2.3 Earthquake Load`

Structure and foundation shall be designed to resist the effects of earthquakes in accordance
with IS: 1893 (Part-1) - 2016 and IS: 1893 (Part-4) - 2015

Structure shall be designed for Design Basis Earthquake (DBE).

Response spectrum method will be used to carry out seismic analysis.

Design acceleration due to earthquake

Horizontal acceleration values of the spectra are obtained from IS: 1893(Part 4) - 2015.

The horizontal seismic co-efficient (Ah) = (Z / 2) x (I / R) x (Sa / g)

Seismic parameters Z, I, R and (Sa/g) are obtained as per table below.

Total horizontal design base shear shall be calculated (VB) = (Ah x W)


W- Total seismic weight of the building

Seismic Parameters
Item Value Reference

Seismic Zone Zone – III Annex–E

IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016
Zone Factor (z) 0.16 Table 3 Clause 6.4.2
IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016
Importance Factor (I) 1.2 Table 8
IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016

Damping 5% Clause 7.2.4

IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016
Design acceleration coefficient 1+15T, T < 0.10 s Clause 6.4.2

2.5, 0.10 s < T < 0.40 s For hard soil sites

1/T, 0.40 s < T < 4.00 s IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016

0.25 T > 4.00 s

Response reduction factor (R) 3 (Flat slab-Structural wall system) Table 9 Clause 7.2.6
IS : 1893(Part 1)-2016

Fundamental natural time period shall be based on clause 7.6.2(b) of IS 1893(Part 1)2016.

Ta =0.075h0.75/√Aw ≥ 0.09h/√d

Aw - Total effective area of walls in the first story of the building.

h – Height of the building as per Cl 7.6.2(a)

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
d – Basic dimension of the building at the plinth level along the considered direction of

Structure with ductile detailing is considered as per IS: 13920 –2016

As footing is supported on hard soil and as per clause and Table 1 of IS 1893 (Part 1):
2016 the increase in Net bearing pressure by 50% for seismic load combination.

Lateral drift at the roof under design lateral force shall not exceed 0.1% as per IS 1893-2016 cl
7.2.6 Table 9 Note-4

2.4 Load Combinations

The various loads shall be combined in accordance with the stipulations in IS: 875 (Part 5) –
1987. Whichever combination produces the most unfavorable effect in the building, foundation
or structural member concerned shall be adopted.

Values of Partial Safety Factor for Loads

Load Limit State of Collapse Limit State of Serviceability

Combination DL LL WL/EL DL LL WL/EL

DL + LL 1.5 1.5 -- 1.0 1.0 --

DL +/- WL 1.5 or -- 1.5 1.0 -- 1.0


DL + LL +/- WL 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.8

DL +/- EL 1.5 or -- 1.5 1.0 -- 1.0


DL + LL +/- EL 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.8

This value is to be considered when stability against overturning or stress reversal is critical
Wind load and earthquake load shall be considered for both x & y directions.
DL - Dead load

LL - Live load

WL - Wind load

EQL - Earthquake load

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
3. Serviceability Consideration

3.1 Deflection and Sway

For RCC Structure/Elements:

Type Description Limit

Due to all loads including the effects of

Vertical Deflection of temperature, creep and shrinkage and measured
building elements from as-cast level of the supports of the floors,
roofs and all other horizontal members

Due to all loads including the effects of

Vertical Deflection of Span/350 or 20mm
temperature, creep and shrinkage occurring after
building elements whichever is less
erection of partition and application of finishes

Under transient Wind Load sway at top of building

Lateral Sway of building H /500
(H= Total height of the building)

Drift Earthquake force with scale safety factor 1.0 0.001 * Storey height

3.2 Crack Width

In general, RCC Superstructure Structures, width of surface crack shall be limited to 0.3mm.
For RCC Structural elements which are in contact with Soil and for Water tanks, width of
surface crack shall be limited to 0.2mm.

4.0 Analysis Methods

3D analysis of the structures is carried out using the ETABS v.17.0.1 and Appropriate loads
and its combinations, as per relevant clauses in IS codes, for most unfavorable effects are
chosen for design. As per soil report foundation considered as raft foundation. Raft shall be
designed using Limit State Method as specified in IS: 456-2000. Crack width shall be limited
to 0.2 mm as mentioned above. Analysis and design shall be carried out using SAFE software
as per relevant clauses in IS: 456-2000.

5.0 Design Life

The design life of the structure is assumed as 50 years. This requirement is not applicable to
replaceable materials.

6.0 Design Methodology

Individual members shall be designed for worst combination of forces such as Axial force,
Shear Force, Bending Moment, torsion etc.

RCC structural elements shall be designed using Limit State Method as specified in IS: 456-
2000. Ductile detailing shall be as per IS 13920-2016.

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Document No: 19004-DB-001

All post tensioning structural elements shall be designed as specified in IS:1343-2012. Class
of members shall be Type 3 as per cl.19.3.2 as per IS 1343-2012
Post-Tensioned Steel Reinforcement specification as follows
The strand specification shall be as follows as per IS: 14268-1995(Reaffirmed 2003)
Nominal Diameter 12.7 mm
Nominal Area 98.7 mm2
Nominal weight 0.775 Kg/m
Min. Ultimate strength 1860 KN/mm2
Modulus of elasticity 195 KN/mm2
Min. Braking load per strand 183.7 KN
Low Relaxation Strands Max. 2.5% relaxation losses at load of at 70% UTS
after 1000h
Max jacking load 140kN (75% of UTS)

7.0 Foundation

Foundation system shall be selected based on the recommendations of detailed soil report.
Foundations shall be a Raft foundation with allowable safe bearing pressure of 342.2 KN/m2
at a depth of 4.5m from existing ground level, as recommended in Geo Tech report.
8.0 Materials

The self-weight of the various elements is computed based on the unit weight of materials as
given below: -

Materials Unit weight KN/m3

Reinforced Cement Concrete 25.00

Plain Cement Concrete 24.00

Cement Concrete Solid Block work 20.00

Steel 78.50

Soil (Saturated) 20.00

Water 10.00

Cement Concrete screed 21.00

Normal weight aggregates shall be considered for arriving at self-weight of all Concrete works.

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Document No: 19004-DB-001
8.1 Concrete (Office Blocks, Canteen & Amenities Centre and Talent Centre)

Concrete item Grade Max. Size of Type of cement

Aggregate (mm)
Raft M30 20 OPC/PPC

Column M50 20 OPC/PPC

PT Slabs M40 20 OPC/PPC

Primary Beams M40 20 OPC/PPC

Secondary Beams M30 20 OPC/PPC

Conventional Slab M30 20 OPC/PPC

Lintels, mullions & M20

nonstructural elements

Normal weight aggregates shall be considered for all concrete works.

8.2 Reinforcement

Steel reinforcement shall be of Grade Fe 500D conforming to IS: 1786-2008 and of Grade
Fe250 conforming to IS: 432-1982.

9.0 Fire resistance

Structural Elements shall be designed for two hours of fire resistance.

10.0 Nominal Cover

10.1 Reinforcement
From Durability requirement, exposure condition is assumed as mild for Structural elements
above ground level and moderate for Structural elements below ground level.
The Nominal cover to reinforcement to meet Durability requirement shall be as follows:
Moderate - 30 mm
However, for Two-hour fire resistance requirement, The Nominal cover to reinforcement for
various elements shall be as follows: -

Foundation - 50 mm
RCC wall - 40 mm
Column - 40 mm
Beam - 30 mm
Slab/Balcony - 25 mm
Staircase - 25 mm
Base Slab for OHT - 50 mm
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Document No: 19004-DB-001
Base Slab for UG sump - 50 mm

For any other elements not specified above, clear cover shall be as per the clause 26.4 of IS:
11.0 Temperature and Shrinkage effects

The dimensions of our building is 91x62m, 68x43m, 24x43m on the Basement, first 5 floors
and Tower area respectively. As per IS456 Cl 19.5.1 the maximum dimension of building is
limited to 45m due to temperature fluctuation, creep and shrinkage, so tower area is within the
limit. However, IS456 does not provide any explanations or methods to find out maximum
allowable dimensions of a building without expansion with respect to its geometry or stiffness.
American Concrete Institute provides separate code (ACI 224), which gives a detailed
explanation for finding out the maximum allowable dimensions of building without expansion
joint with respect to geometry and stiffness.

As per IMD maximum and minimum temperature in Bhubaneswar is 37.50 C (99.50 F) & 15.20
C (59.360 F). So difference in temp is taken as 22.3C (40.140 F). As per ACI 224-Joint in
concrete construction chapter-3 Figure 3.5 for a difference in temp 40.140 F the corresponding
maximum length without expansion joint shall be 500ft(150m) for rectangular configuration
with symmetrical stiffness. Hence the Basement and the above five floors canr be done without
expansion joints and no extra thermal loading.

12.0 Design Standards

The relevant Standards/codes used for the design of various element and components of the
building are given below:

S.No Code Description

1. IS:875(Part-1)-1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for
Buildings and Structures (Part 1 – Dead Loads)

2. IS:875(Part-2)-1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for
Buildings and Structures (Part 2 – Imposed Loads)

3. IS:875(Part-3)-2015 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for
Buildings and Structures (Part 3 – Wind Loads)

4. IS:875(Part-5)-1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for
Buildings and Structures – (Part-5 Special Loads and Load

5. IS:1893(Part-1)-2016 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures (Part 1 -

General Provisions and Buildings)

6. IS:1893(Part-2)-2015 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures (Part 2 –

General Provisions for Liquid retaining structures)

7. IS:1893(Part-4)- 2015 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures (Part 4 –

Industrial Structures including Stack-Like Structures)

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Document No: 19004-DB-001

8. IS:4326-2013 Earthquake Resistance Design and Construction of Buildings-

Code of practice

9. IS:456- 2000 Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete.

10. IS:13920-2016 Ductile detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to

seismic forces – Code of practice

11. IS:3370(Part-1)-2009 Concrete Structures for Storage of Liquids-Code of practice-

General Requirements

12. IS:1343-2012 Code of practice for Pre-stressed concrete

13. IS:1905-1907 Code of practice for Structural use of Unreinforced masonry

14. IS:800-2007 Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel

15. IS:808 - 1989 Dimensions for hot rolled steel beam, column, channel and angle

16. IS:1161-1998 Specification for Steel tubes for Structural Purposes.

17. IS:4923-1997 Hollow Steel Sections for Structural use

18. IS:1786-2008 High Strength Deformed Steel Bars and Wires for Concrete

19. IS:2062-2006 Hot rolled low, medium and high tensile Structural Steel.

20. IS:1904-1986 Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Foundation in

Soils-General Requirements

21. IS:2911:Part1:Sec2:1979 Code of practice for design and construction of pile foundations:
Part 1 Concrete piles, Section 2 Bored cast-in-situ piles

22. IS:12330-1988 Specification for sulphate Resisting Portland Cement

23. SP:6 (1 to 6)-1964 Hand Book on Structural Steel.

24. SP:7 - 2016 National Building Code of India 2016 (NBC 2016)

25. SP:16 - 1980 Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete to IS 456

26. SP:20 (S&T) :1991 Handbook on Masonry Design and Construction

27. SP:24 (S&T) :1983 Explanatory Handbook on Indian standard code of practice for
Plain and Reinforced concrete (IS:456-1978)

28. SP:34 - 1987 Hand Book of Concrete Reinforcement and Detailing

29. SP:40 (S&T)-1987 Hand Book on Structures with Steel Portal Frames (Without

30. SP - Others Special Publications of Bureau of Indian Standards

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