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_______1. Apparatus used for switching, controlling and protecting the electrical circuits and equipment.

_______2. These are the switching devices that form the backbone of modern electrical distribution systems.

_______3. These are the switching devices that form the backbone of modern electrical distribution systems.

_______4. Permits to switch on or off generators, transmission lines, distributors and other electrical equipment.

_______5. For circuits of higher rating, a _______ in conjunction with a switch may serve the purpose of controlling and
protecting the circuit.

_______6. The _____ with ordinary fuse is the simplest form of switchgear and is used to control and protect lights and
other equipment in homes, offices etc.

_______7. In order to interrupt such heavy fault currents, _______ are used.

_______8. Is a switchgear which can open or close an electrical circuit under both normal and abnormal conditions.

_______9. Device which is used to open or close an electrical circuit in a convenient way. It can be used under full-load
or no-load conditions but it cannot interrupt the fault currents.

_______10. Is a short piece of wire or thin strip which melts when excessive current flows through it for sufficient time.
It is inserted in series with the circuit to be protected.

_______11. switch disconnectors with independent manual operation Capable of making, carrying and breaking
currents under normal circuit conditions, which may include operating under overload conditions.

_______12. - device which detects the fault and supplies information to the breaker for
circuit interruption.

_______13. - supervise the failure of trip supply. Signal the status of the contactor to other equipment.

_______14. area where control or monitoring instruments are displayed or it is an enclosed unit that is the part of a
system that users can access, such as the control panel of a security system.

_______15. - device used on electric power systems and telecommunication systems to protect the insulation and
conductors of the system from the damaging effects of lightning.

_______16. type of transformer that is used to measure alternating current (AC).

_______17. They are designed to present negligible load to the supply being measured and have an
accurate voltage ratio and phase relationship to enable accurate secondary connected metering.

_______18. automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage
caused by excess current from an overload or short circuit.

_______19. current carrying members in a circuit breaker consist of fixed and moving contacts and the conductors
connecting these to the points external to the breaker.

_______20. - set of bus bars. It has incoming and outgoing buses instead of wires and cables.

_______21. - designed for terminating and connecting our low and medium voltage cables to equipment.

_______22. Is a device used to interrupt the flow of a steady direct current for the purpose of converting a steady
current into a changing one.

_______23. - specially designed for remote tripping and closing of circuit breakers,

_______24. - used to provide visual indication of status of an electrical circuit


_______25. to trip medium-voltage circuit breakers. A secondary application is for actuation of lockout (device 86)
relays powered from the ac supply of a control power transformer.

_______26. - tiny metal connector that is used to close or open part of an electrical circuit.

_______27. - type of insulated electrical terminal used for transitioning between overhead line and underground high
voltage cable or for connecting overhead wiring to equipment like transformers.

_______28. - used to provide protection to a device mounted in a hazardous location.

_______29. - cabinet for electrical or electronic equipment to mount switches, knobs and displays

_______30. is a safety device used in electrical installations with high Earth impedance to prevent shock. Detects small
stray voltages on the metal enclosures

_______31. Generally electrical switchgear rated upto 1 kV

_______32. The most common use of LV switchgear is in LV ______.

_______33. From 3 kV to 36 kV switchgear system

_______34. The power system deals with voltage above 36kV

_______35. is an air switch and is designed to open a circuit under load.

_______36. In order to quench the arc that occurs on opening such a switch, ____ are provided.

_______37. It is essentially a knife switch and is designed to open acircuit under no load.

_______38. - A relay is a device which detects the fault and supplies information to the breaker for circuit interruption.
Enumeration:

Switchgear cannot be used profitably on high voltage system (33 kV) for two reasons:

1. Firstly, when a fuse blows, it takes some time to replace it and consequently there is interruption of service to
the customers.
2. Secondly, the fuse cannot successfully interrupt large fault currents that result from the faults on high voltage
2. system.

Essential Features of Switchgear

1. Complete reliability
2. Absolutely certain discrimination
3. Quick operation
4. Provision for manual control

Classification of Switchgear:

1. Low Voltage Switchgear


2. Medium Voltage Switchgear
3. High Voltage Switchgear

A medium voltage switchgear, should be capable of the following:

1. Normal ON/OFF switching operation.


2. Short circuit current interruption.
3. Switching of capacitive currents.
4. Switching of inductive currents.
5. Some special application.

The switches may be classified into :

* Air switches
* Isolator or disconnecting switch
* Oil switches

Low Voltage Assembly Components:


1. Molded case (MCB) or power (air magnetic) circuit breakers (drawout or fixed) complete with or without integral
overcurrent protection device (thermal magnetic,
2. Solid state or microprocessor based) with or without zone interlocking provision
3. Cradle (for drawout versions only)
4. Fixed potential and control power transformers
5. Current transformers.
6. Interframe and back barriers
7. Control switches and indicating lights
1. Molded case (MCB) or power (air magnetic) circuit breakers (drawout or fixed) complete with or without integral
overcurrent protection device (thermal magnetic,
2. Solid state or microprocessor based) with or without zone interlocking provision
3. Cradle
4. Fixed potential and control power transformers
5. Current transformers.
6. Interframe and back barriers
7. Control switches and indicating lights
8. Main bus bars, run backs, bus risers and cable lugs (compression or mechanical)
9. Protective fuses for breaker control circuits, instrument compartments.
10. Circuit breaker accessories, breaker lifting devices (integral with gear)
11. Fused or unfused interrupter switches
12. Protective and monitoring auxiliary relays
13. Metering devices (ammeters, voltmeters, watthourmeters, wattmeters and digital metering packages D.M.P.)

Medium Voltage Assembly Components


1. Drawout circuit breakers (oil, air, SF6, vacuum)
2. Switching device (load break or disconnect) with or w/o fuses (power current limiting or power expulsion type) with
or w/o blown fuse indicator/actuator
3. Instrument transformers
4.Capacitor tripping device
5. Relays
6. Meters & instruments
7. Main bus
8. Barriers and shutters

9. Control & indicating devices, jumpers, cable lugs, cable supports and potheads
10. Instrument compartments
11. Test switches and breaker accessories

Answer:

1. Switchgear
2. Switchgear
3. Switchgear
4. Switchgear
5. high-rupturing capacity (H.R.C) fuse
6. tumbler switch
7. automatic circuit breakers (or simply circuit breakers)
8. Circuit breaker
9. Switch Disconnectors
10. Fuses
11. Isolators
12. Protective Relay
13. Auxiliary Relay
14. Control Panels
15. Lighting Arrester
16. Current Transformer
17. Potential Transformer
18. Molded Case Circuit Breaker (MCCB)
19. Busbar and Conductors
20. Bus Riser
21. Cable Lugs
22. Interrupter Switch -
23. Breaker Control Switch
24. Indicating Lights
25. Capacitor Tripping Device
26. Jumpers
27. Potheads
28. Barriers
29. Instrument Compartment/ Enclosure
30. Earth-leakage circuit breaker (ELCB)
31. Low Voltage Switchgear
32. Distribution board.
33. Medium Voltage Switchgear
34. High Voltage Switchgear
35. Air-break switch
36. special arcing horns
37. Isolator or disconnecting switch
38. Relays