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CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE ihe|Beonomy, Hans van Wes ‘Archaic Greece often imagined #2 woald of sbsixence firmer seugeig ‘ORE lad by somal landed elie whore aristocrat” vals abhor sordid pr eee Hogs pemant and Homer's Reoes are the respective mode th pte snd state pre of arc Grecce bas feared hein the long ceeee fe aifircrces beeneen ancien and adem economies. For “pei spon amen cargterace of ancent economic ie is that ce ast med ee mere Bem who times fr no moe han sabsience and es Peer aes theres consmed what cy produce, and engage ia eine at ponble For modern” by conta, ancient mers produce srotundon of thet rps for the marke, and accordingly reed ewe on Fore pining schoo of tioughe call subwantvsn," most kinds of Bead ent wend weve pot pofitvieted but took the form of :feisbaton in which the piding pein was generosity. For mo formats” however, mos King of exchange were as much mosated by elgg st dey are athe modern word ad equally subject to the Lm se jemand Scola ialy vded oo te economic roles ote Sty andthe ancient sate Te be abcd bere tnt rm the very beining the aca econoy more opie thn te al pcre suggest and dt further develops ‘Poet l move comes, and in moe bu cerinly no all ways oe sae phenomenon ofthe esod tn pariul, we hal se tha TaUline cospcison or wealth cucteizedecooonic lif chvoughous a ‘Tint ice behind many of major zs developments and ess 9f The Bum Economic Ethics in Hiesiod’s Works and Days Pern ye Crk py and heroes Be ecg: Hinds We ‘svene chorion soe at Tsay The pai Fo he hae = 2) Te ore ans ate of cyt a i ores Bei i MEPS ae eed of aie, Wheter cat rfl for Hesiod’ ease mal ee che ing wea 0 Fr on te fa W 2 PO anda est 8 on hy angel aT stan gy fee 8 th ate soa the say of —— er gw He 0 I, spl, Bere id ang a “ate neon” Fm wo in een re ‘S01, 577. Bs sc al me ome ES foe use rere ne and cles (99) Fe a ow to 2 A Pee will Ee ie an ed bres (Te ect aging 3b fr "yo He can) ne sos (45-7), 8 oe ve oe (aren these st ak Os Be ory ter te nes te 607-8) Brea eco ba ats (5023), He ma 2 couple of fee ar (60-3) Cay 8 he falline eo nt and wt ed a Teepe of Fo eee nh once boat See gr mabe mess me i 8 Tigh manda Gling wich be epee soe anc of a: I vito ould SI ior fiers seed NS gover and Hisiod Be nn mae ne! i ions de ped eee SN inser cen Coen et in ec em 2 Oa "The Be oe oe cae PT “pemoers 32fhO Gis oe arte tering des NA" Heald 1985: Be ng” es Sa A SOS Paes of comma So ene aon 29,221 26) esod as ch er ao, A Ba pang he ee ein outde the ing chi Ts» mc eos and enol coe ae re fe ne epee ‘jv ie a8 Han von Wer oth authors were clearly aldening peimaly "those who pacice agricul through npeninon 5 Xenophon ced them, exher han ‘ove who work thes Tn nd one, 84, Poorer men could no dou elt to Hiss mesg ee alee Hea’ eology of ork” may well ave dawn on eas widely eld Sh rking firmer wo often sc thei raga survive a gos wil Bute MLunuim af Wonkrond Dap was not end poor peasants ‘hat they woud tang TFuhey didnot mont was fo pesade landowners who enjoy aes pil (TU or cure to devote thei tine neat to ose upevson of spill [bor with an ee to maxim prodoctiy Beyond welfsuficency: wealth as an econcmnic goal To svoi “hangee” and “poverty,” he oss wo an economic evel at which wot Tr ates ohoie rater tan nests he andonner’s isc gos, ba be a ‘saat he competely pursues “weak” (ple, aplen) with tes ‘coming deer than oer inh comm. Rs goal cmphazed a he wil [Eivorbtand Daye where the poss anges two kins ef competion” (en (he leading to wa and conic, the otbers Fre for good, "the oot i ‘ent (1119) ever re uy man wo work, ne wan 0 work hence ote {Sav and male cry eso log a pit ad lok ater hs ae, Neg S52 trate sees for re This compen ig fr mor co) “The refreace to “en shons tht thi Kind of ae oe ere fora tnd, bu fo greater presage al soil ape, theme which pikes 11429738) Connely if your harvests smal ew wil adie you" (482), and poverty fot onl Anoctages but “shame” (ai, 319), Increasing weth i ab ti ‘Stadeston ify planang The free shoud have only oe on, 0 8 fre il noc be diel, or tas eat wl increase in your als” (376-9 Serarsely he way take ask ad fave several sons, for “Zews might propery beyond words to gresta numbers more people, nore steno Tage sup (epihte)” (379-80. ‘veal, ths saps i now siply stood or give avay, but insted sion ofthe farm, may be exchanged for ivesnck— hee work mak ‘eh sheep and weak (308; cf 120) ~ ofr land, tecause with te ‘be pds syou may buy the esate oor een, not antter man youn" ‘Mont modesn scholars play down sch efreees co alh 6 Vey ovine the suppose rn meaage of orks and Day, which ©