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- Ex. –9, +25, 0.

- Rules for Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, and Dividing

Integers

- Adding a Positive plus a Positive = a Negative

- Negative plus a Negative = a Positive

- Positive plus a Negative = Positive/Negative depending on

the greater amount

- Subtracting (+8) +(-2)= 6

- Multiplying two Integers with same sign will result in a

Positive answer

- Product of two Integers with different signs will result in a

Negative answer

- Dividing, When dividing the rules apply in the same way as

multiplying (ex. positive x positive=positive)

Ratio is a fraction comparing 2 numbers or quantities with the same units.

(ex .cm : cm)

Rate is a fraction that compares numbers or quantities with different units.

(Ex liters: miles)

Proportion is a statement that equates 2 ratios.

Ratios: 25:100 =1:4 etc always reduce to lowest terms when using ratios

Conversions of Decimals Percents and Fractions

- To convert a Fraction to a Decimal divides the Numerator

by the Denominator.

- Convert to a Percent by moving the decimal place two

spots to the left

Ex. 1.20 = 120%

- Find the LCD (Lowest Common Denominator)

- Use the same rules as when using integers

- To convert from a decimal to a fraction find the amount

that is expressed (how many numbers there are on the right

side) ex. 1.20=1000 1.200=10000 Etc.

Number Classifications

Natural numbers: any number starting from one

Rational numbers: any numbers that are fractions, integers, and/or whole

numbers

Fractions

Rules of Dividing and Multiplying Fraction

-To divide simply multiply the Reciprocal of the second fraction

-To multiply, multiply numerator and denominator by each other

-To Subtract find a common denominator and then subtract

-To Add find a common denominator and then add(ex.3 + 2

1 3

=1x3,3x3

=9 + 2

3 3)

Bedmas

-Bedmas is the order of operations of which to do calculations in.

-It goes in order of –Brackets (9+3x(5-2) )

-Exponents 92= 81

-Division 90/10

-Multiplication 90x270

-Addition 7+6

-Subtraction 90-35

Relationships

Linear and Non-Linear Relations

- A Linear relationship is when the exponent above all the variables

is 1

- A Non-Linear relationship is when the exponent above the variable

is not 1

- A Linear relationship between 2 variables forms a straight line,

they can be approximated with a Line of Best Fit

- A Non-linear relationship doesn’t form a straight line, they can be

approximated by a curve of best fit

-A Distance and Time graph is a type of graph that measures the distance

over a period of time of an object

Independent/Dependant Variables

- An Independent variable is the variable the affects the Dependant

variable, it goes along the X axis

- The Dependant Variable is affected by the Independent variable, it

goes along the Y axis

Outliers

- An Outlier is a piece of data that varies significantly from the rest

of the data, sometimes it can be removed from the data

Correlation Types

- A Positive Correlation is when the Line of Best Fit points up and

to the right of the data

- A Negative Correlation is when the Line of Best fit points down

and to the right of the data

- No Correlation is when there is little or no correlation between the

data

Correlation Coefficient

- A Correlation Coefficient is a single number between –1 and 1 that

describes the strength of the relationship between two variables

Correlation Strong Weak

Positive 0.7 to 1.0 0.3 to 0.7

Negative -1.0 to –0.7 -0.7 to –0.3

Little or no Correlation –0.3 to 0.3

Relationship Definitions

- Primary Data- Data collected by you (you count the amount of

people eating healthy vs. non healthy)

- Secondary Data- Data collected by someone else (you find a study

that says there are only 7 panda’s in the world)

- Sample- A small portion of the population (all the Asians in

Toronto)

- Census- The whole population (everyone in Canada)

Unit 3 Polynomials

- Like Terms have the same variable and exponent ex. 5y and 7y

-Polynomial, one or more terms added together ex. 5nm+7y

Monomial 1 7x

Binomial 2 5y+9s

Trinomial 3 45y-9x+35z

Term Sum of Exponents Degree

93 3 3

8yc 2 2

9xyz+ 7x8 11 11

The Distributive Property

Is when you multiply all numbers on the inside of the bracket by the

number out side of the bracket Ex.3 (7x+8) becomes 21x+24

=x2 + 4x

Exponent Rules

When multiplying an exponent by another exponent you add the

exponents, when dividing you subtract the exponents, and when you have

a power of a power you multiply the exponents Ex. 5n5x 7n3= 35n8

Multiplying: When you multiply simply add the exponents of the terms

Ex: 5n5 x 4x7=20n5x7

Dividing: Subtract the exponents of the terms

Ex: 5n7/36n7

Power-to-Power: When there is a power to beside each other and no sign

is indicated multiply the exponents of the variable/term.

Ex:(54 )(56 )= 510

equal

Solution: the value of the variable that makes an equation true

Constant Term: a term that does not include a variable (Ex:5)

Changing signs: When moving numbers over the equal sign there

sign changes to the opposite of what they were.

Ex: x + 4 = 13

X+4 –4 = 13 -4

X=9

- When solving simply equations bring the variables to one side and

the constant term to the other side

- LS/RS is a good way to check if your answer is correct

- LS: x+4 - RS: =13

9+4

=13

LS=RS there fore x=13

Multi Step Equations

Multi-step equations are solved by using the exact same rules as

simple equations (Bring all the variables to one side and all the

constant terms to the other)

Ex: 7-2k = 8-5k

5k-2k=8-7

3k=-1

- Multiply each term by the LCD

- Eliminate Denominators by reducing fractions and multiplying the

denominator by the numerator

- Solve the remaining equation

Ex: 2/3x=-8

2/3x=-24/3

2/3x=6/72

x=61/72

Solving Multi-Step Denominators #2

- Eliminate Brackets Using the Distributive Property

Ex: x-1/3=x+2

All algebraic equations should contain the following

1) Let statements

2) Starting equations

3) Full solution

4) Clearly stated answer

5) Therefore statement

Ex. Let n = 5

9-4=n

5=n

Therefore n is equal to 5

Unit 5 Slope

Intro to Slope- slope is equal to rise/run another word for slope is m

For linear relations slope is equal to Delta Y/ Delta X

Slope Point Formula

Slope Point Formula uses 2 points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2)

M= y2-y1

x2-x1

X Y

First Differences

5 -1

6 -2

7 -3

8 -4

The differences on theFirst

x side change by +1, and the y

Differences

side’s changes by +1 making the slope 1

1

Unit 6 The Line

x is the x coordinate, and b is the y-intercept.

coordinate, B the y-intercept, y is a y coordinate, and C is the negative

form of the sum of Ax+By.

Parallel and Perpendicular Lines- a parallel line is any line that has the

same slope as another, a perpendicular line is any 2 lines which slopes are

negative reciprocals.

Unit 7 Geometry

measure up to 90 degrees

degrees.

-OAT Opposite Angle Theorem- States that all opposite angles are equal

-ALT (Z) Alternate Angles- When two parallel lines become intersected

by another line, resulting in a Z pattern

intersected by another line, they then may form an F pattern

-INT (C) Interior Angles- any of the angles that are on the inside of a

shape

-ITT Isosceles Triangle Theorem- States that the base angles are the same

on each side

Angel C

-EATQ Exterior Angel Theorem for a Quadrilateral- All the angels in the

quadrilateral add up to 360 degrees

-ASTT Angel Sum Theorem for a Triangle- Angel A+ Angel B+ Angel

C=180 degrees

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