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Development and Validation Learning Materials of Waves Contains Holy Alquran


Fatma Nuril Masitah,S.Si., Dr. Dadan Rosana, M.Si, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, DIY,

Abstrak. The research aims to develop learning materials. In addition, the research
also tested the validation of physics materials learning using holy Alquran. The
preparation of learning materials contains holy Quran values become very important
to use when learning school. Learning materials that have been fitted Alquran values
can help improve the insights of science as well as add value to the spiritual attitude
of learners. Learning materials are also expected to invite learners to more easily
understand a material through contemplation. For example, by incorporating the
results of the interpretation of some verses of the Qur'an to wave material class 11.
Research on learning materials contains holy Alquran values using the approach to
research and development. Further learning materials are validated by experts in their
field to be used as guidelines revision of materials. Expert lecturers and practitioners
considered viable materials used as learning materials categorized very well with the
value ˃ 3,00. In addition, the materials also received excellent response 87.5% of the
Key words: Alquran values, learning materials, validation

INTRODUCTION national education system mention that

sense education is planned and conscious
The 21st century is the era of
effort to bring about an atmosphere of
globalization or the open era that gave rise
learning and the learning process so that
to many fundamental changes compared to
learners actively develop the potential for
the previous century. Changes that occur
him to have a religious spiritual strength,
according to Fadel and Triling (2009),
self-control, personality, intelligence,
among others, in the field of technology,
morals, as well as the necessary skills
transportation, economics, resource
themselves, the community, the nation and
management, as well as changes in the
the State. So in the process of education, at
trend of job-based industry that used to be
least there should be teachers, students,
knowledge-based. The changes certainly
educational purposes, materials, media
have an effect on the culture and education
education, and evaluation (Twyman and
so that required a thought which can
Heward, 2016).
produce good quality output (Tilaar, 1998)
to the current society can live and work in According to Prastowo (2012)
a time of knowledge especially for field materials is one of the ingredients of
Education (Triling and Hood, 1999). learning resources that can be used to help
Article 1 Act No. 20 Year 2003 of the the teacher or instructor in carrying out the
learning process in the classroom. Another problem learn. According to Ballstaedt
explanation States that the materials can be (1994), the print materials arranged in
used to implement the goals of learning Nice has several advantages, such as print
standards, students, and teachers (Singer & materials easier to use because it can be
Tuomi, 1999). moved freely, a good learning materials
can motivate readers to do activities such
In order for materials which are
as marking, noting, even sketching.
created according to the needs thus need to
understand some of the rules that should A school requires students to study
be observed in developing learning the Quran to be able to understand the
materials, among other things: interpretation contained in the Quran can
a) learning materials should be adapted to use value-laden materials of the Glorious
the conditions of the learner while Quran. So that learners can make the
carrying out the learning process Quran as a foundation in learning and
b) learning materials are expected to be understanding the matter waves.
able to change the behaviour of
Learners are able to digest the
material by wave analysis of events that
c) the development of learning materials
exist because the search of knowledge
tailored to the needs and characteristics
through sight, hearing, and contemplation.
of the self
Then the students are expected to develop
d) learning materials include objectives
metacognitive knowledge and spiritual
specific learning activities
attitude competence.
e) learning materials contains a good
learning material in the form of METHOD
activity or exercise with detailed
This research uses research
f) learning materials include part of
methods development or Research and
evaluation as a tool to measure the
Development (R&D) which is a research
success of the learning learners
method to produce a specific product as
(Jasmadi & Widodo, 2008).
well as test the effectiveness of products

Ministry of national education year with quantitative analysis. As for the

2008 considers vital to the existence of development of the following procedure:

learning materials for learners because

1. Define stage (Definition)
materials related to the availability of
Stage Define aims to establish and
materials in accordance with the demands
define the needs in the learning process.
of the curriculum, the characteristics of the
2. Design stage (Design)
target, as well as the demands of the
The purpose of this stage is to prepare a laden waves Qur'an compiled on
prototype learning materials. draft III at once knowing the
3. Develope Stage (Development) response of students to produce a
This stage aims to produce learning draft of the IV to be used on trial
materials material values-laden waves field operations.
Alquran revised based on comments, c. Operational field test
suggestions, and the assessment of This test is carried out using sheets
expert lecturers, physics teacher, field of observation and student response results
test, and the operational field test. with question form in a given class.
a. Validation by material expert lecturer
and physics teacher RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Materials matter waves of 1. Learning materials
Quranic values-laden stage of a The development of learning
Design before use must go through a materials can help learners explore the
validation phase which aims to material by wave analysis and
improve initial design (draft I). contemplation towards events because
Validation is performed by expert essentially, seek knowledge through sight,
lecturers material and media. hearing, and contemplation.
Validation was done by expert
lecturer Lecturer postgraduate UNY. Materials compiled by entering

Validation technique i.e. by values in the appropriate verses of the

administering the now that after the Glorious Quran. Component in the

revised draft II resulted in learning materials include: cover, preface,

accordance with comments, table of contents, usage instructions,

suggestions, and judgments given by concept maps, summary content, an

a validator has been validated by example of a matter, a matter of practice,

expert lecturers. Further validation and answer keys for the teacher.

by 2 HIGH SCHOOL physics 2. Learning materials validation

teacher to produce draft III. After successfully developing
b. Limited field test learning materials, learning materials
Limited field trials carried out validation needs to be done. An early form
by learners a number of 30 persons. of learning materials that have been
The results on this test will be used developed are then discussed with the
as input, corrections, and media and material expert lecturers to
improvements to the learning produce draft materials II. At this stage,
materials against material values- that note is the content materials and
procedures for writing materials. Final average 3,65 Very
Observations the contents of learning
materials based on material with the
Based on the assessment by the
appropriate theory concept, whereas the
expert lecturers and physics teachers,
use of the procedures for writing materials
developed learning materials obtained an
tailored to the permendikbud the number
final average score 3.65 and included
50 year 2015 by using plain language and
within the category of very good.
easy to understand. Further materials are
validated by two physics teachers. As for In addition to giving a score
suggestions and corrections provided by ratings, expert lecturers and teachers also
expert lecturers and physics teachers is: give final conclusions towards learning
materials that is decent is used with the
a) Some rubric assessment sheet should
corresponding revision suggestions.
more clearly so that the validator does
not suffer confusion. Materials that have been assessed
b) Need to examine and correct writing, and revised later tested to 30 high school
language, and substance. students of Class XI SCIENCE in the
Assessment of the draft assessment sheet classroom. This trial aims to get the data,
using products that have been validated. comments, and suggestions by users of
Assessment results data is quantitative data learning materials developed. The data
and qualitative data (quality categories). obtained through students response
questionnaire toward learning materials.
Table 1. The average results of
assessment materials
Validity and reliability details of
No Aspects Average Category the statement is analyzed using the
1 Content 3,75 Very program Quest first. Further analyzing the
eligibility good valid data response percentage of learners
2 Presentation 3,50 Very
to know response learners towards
of material good
3 Language 3,87 Very learning materials. Students response
category there are 4 kinds that is very
4 Graphics 3,50 Very
good good, good, less good, and not good.

Table 2. Validity and Reliability Learner Response Questionnaire

No Infit t Interpretation Outfit t Interpretation Reliability of estimate
1 -2,0 Fit -1,4 Escape 0,74
2 -1,1 Fit -0,9 Escape (Reliabel)
3 -0,9 Fit -0,7 Escape
4 0,7 Fit 0,3 Escape
5 1,1 Fit 0,7 Escape
6 1,2 Fit 0,6 Escape
7 1,2 Fit 0,8 Escape
8 -0,1 Fit -0,4 Escape
9 1,5 Fit 0,7 Escape
10 0,3 Fit 0,1 Escape
1) More watches preparation of a
Table 3. The Result of Student Response sentence on the learning materials so

Response The number Percentage that is easy to understand.

category of students (%) 2) Need to be added to the appropriate
Very good 8 27
illustrations and pictures so interesting
Good 19 63
Less good 3 10 learning materials.
Not good 0 0
3) Add an example of the advantages and
disadvantages of the wave.
Based on table 3, learning
Response or advice given the
materials got more good response by
learners towards learning materials
learners. These results are supported by the
consulted with supervising lecturer for
following learners statement:
repair materials that will be used in field
1) The content of learning materials is trials.
interesting because it can combine the
The finished materials revision
material physics with verses of the
tested again on a different class.
Glorious Quran.
Operational field tests conducted at 32
2) Learning materials can be an
learners class XI IPA. The results of the
inspiration to improve the spiritual
student response for learning materials that
are valid and reliability from a limited trial
3) Understanding materials is still a bit
results previously obtained through the
difficult because of the unfamiliar with
the process of meditating on the events
in everyday life and is associated with Table 4. The Result of Student Response
at Operational field tests
the verses of the Glorious Quran.
In addition, the advice given by Response The Percentage(%)
category number of
some learners towards learning materials students
developed are: Very good 28 87,50
Good 4 12,50
Less good 0 0,00 Expert lecturers and practitioners
Not good 0 0,00 provide a conclusion that learning
materials developed feasibility. The
The results of the student responses
statement demonstrated through results
also supported by comments and
that indicate the quality of the materials is
suggestions written in question form,
very good. The results of the students
among others:
response in the limited trials showed
1. The material presented in easy to results similar to the assessment by the
understand materials due to explain expert lecturers and practitioners. 63% of
physics concepts according to the students rate good. The results of the
events in everyday life.. assessments change as field tested.
2. On materials there are examples of Learners assess learning materials very
reserved along with a way of working well a number of 87.50%. The difference
on making it easier for learners in response learners due to limited test
practise the exercise problem. time, the product was only rated by expert
3. Should explain the interpretation of the lecturers and practitioners, while on field
Quran which is connected with the trials of the product has responded to
events in detail. complaints by learners to repaired.
Comments and suggestions the
learners on field trials next consulted with
the supervising lecturer. Then can be used Based on the results of the

to improve the final results of the learning discussion above, it can be concluded

materials. 1. Based on the results of the assessment

conducted by the expert lecturers and
The final product in the form of
practitioners, learning materials deemed
materials that have been developed
worthy to use. The statement supported
through the three stages of revision is
by the value of the materials ˃ 3.00
ready to be used in the learning process.
enters the category of very good.
the first revision was carried out on the
2. Based on the results of the assessment
basis of the inputs provided and then
conducted trials on learners, learning
supervising lecturers assessed by expert
materials deemed worthy because it
lecturers and practitioners. The second
gets good response by 63% of the
revision was carried out on the basis of the
findings obtained, observation, and learner
3. The results of the assessment of learners
response. Last revision on the basis of the
on field trials most large very good
results of the field trials.
category with percentage 87,5%.
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