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MATH 1300 Limit Worksheet 1/23/15

1. Evaluate the following limits.


p 2
2Ch 2
(a) lim
h!0 h

Solution. We have
p 2 p 2 p 2 p p  p p 
2Ch 2 2Ch 2 2Ch 2 2ChC 2
lim D lim D lim
h!0 h h!0 h h!0 h
p p 
h 2ChC 2 p p  p
D lim D lim 2 C h C 2 D 2 2:
h!0 h h!0

.2 C h/3 8
(b) lim
h!0 h

Solution. We have
.2 C h/3 8 .2 C h/3 23 .2 C h 2/..2 C h/2 C 2.2 C h/ C 4/
lim D lim D lim
h!0 h h!0 h h!0 h
2
h..2 C h/ C 2.2 C h/ C 4/
D lim D lim ..2 C h/2 C 2.2 C h/ C 4/
h!0 h h!0
2
D 2 C 2.2/ C 4 D 12:

1 1
 
(c) lim p
t!0 t t C1 t

Solution. We have
p p p
1 1
     
1 1Ct 1 C t /.1 C 1 C t /
.1
lim p D lim p D lim p p
t !0 t t C1 t t!0 t t C1 t !0 t t C 1.1 C 1 C t /
.1 .1 C t // t
   
D lim p p D lim p p
t!0 t t C 1.1 C 1 C t / t !0 t t C 1.1 C 1 C t /
1
 
1 1
D lim p p Dp p D :
t!0 t C 1.1 C 1 C t / 1.1 C 1/ 2

p1
 
1
(d) lim 1Ch
h!0 h

Solution. We have
 1   p 
p 1 1 1Ch 1
lim 1Ch D lim p D (see the solution to 1(c)):
h!0 h h!0 h 1Ch 2

You should check these solutions carefully and justify each step that I’ve made. If there is something that you do not
understand, please ask.
p  
2. Show that lim x 3 C x sin D 0.
x!0 x
 
Solution. Since 1  sin  1 for all x ¤ 0 and square roots are nonnegative,
x
p p   p
x 3 C x  x 3 C x sin  x3 C x
x
for all x > 0. Note that taking left-hand limits does not make sense here, since x 3 C x < 0 for all
x < 0. Therefore, the right-hand limit and the limit coincide. Since
p r p
lim x 3 C x D lim .x 3 C x/ D 0 D 0;
x!0 x!0C

we also have p p
lim x3 C x D lim x 3 C x D 0:
x!0 x!0

Thus p  
lim x 3 C x sin D0
x!0 x
by the Squeeze Theorem.

3. Given lim f .x/ D 4, lim g.x/ D 2 and lim h.x/ D 0, find


x!2 x!2 x!2
q
3
(a) lim f .x/ C1
x!2

Solution. We have
s
3
p
q r 
3 3 p
lim f .x/ C1 D lim f .x/ C1 D lim f .x/ C1 D 43 C 1 D 65:
x!2 x!2 x!2

!
1 1
(b) lim 2
f .x/
x!2 g.x/

Solution. We have
!
1 1 1 1 1 1
lim 2
f .x/ D lim 2 lim D 2
x!2 g.x/ x!2 g.x/ x!2 f .x/ lim g.x/ lim f .x/
x!2 x!2

1 1 1 1
D 2 D D 0:
4 . 2/2 4
lim g.x/
x!2

2
g.x/ h.x/
(c) lim
x!2 f .x/h.x/

Solution. We have
2 2 !
g.x/ h.x/
 
g.x/ h.x/
lim D lim lim

x!2 f .x/h.x/ x!2 f .x/ x!2 h.x/

lim g.x/
x!2

lim h.x/ D 2
D x!2
 0 D 0:
lim f .x/ 4
x!2
p
3
(d) lim 4 g.x/
x!2

Solution. We have
p q q p p
3
lim 3 4 g.x/ D 3 lim 4 g.x/ D 3 4 lim g.x/ D 3 4. 2/ D 8 D 2:
x!2 x!2 x!2