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Alana Mullins

Professor Dean Leonard

ENG 1201.509~Online

25 June 2019


My research paper will attempt to get to the bottom of one of the most talked about

emotions felt by nearly everyone throughout their life, that being stress. I will be trying to

understand what is physically going on within the body when the feeling of stress does occur, as

well as understanding if these are always negative side effects of stress. I am interested in

researching the long-term health effects of stress, and how with proper treatment or the right

mindset, these damaging illnesses could be avoided. Prevention of overstress and different

outlets of stress is something I intend to research in depth as well.

Crist, Carolyn. “Doctors and Teachers Could Team up to Reduce Stress in Schools.” Reuters,

Thomson Reuters, 4 Jan. 2018,



Carolyn Crist, a publisher for Reuters Health section interviewed many pediatricians

from the Ann and Robert Lurie Children’s Hospital in Chicago, along with biology and health

teachers in different school districts, to understand how stress is taking a toll in the classroom.

Crist’s findings uncovered that many students have stress not only from school work, but outside

distractions as well, which leads to what she calls “toxic stress”. Dr. Kavitha Selvaraj explains
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her “7 C’s” of resilience, in which she believes if implemented in the classroom, will help

students be more mindful of their health along with their schoolwork. This article not only

addresses the problem of stress within the classroom, but also presence a possible resolution.

Mayo Clinic Staff. “How Stress Affects Your Body and Behavior.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo

Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 4 Apr. 2019,


Mayo Clinic is a credible academic medical center, ran by a staff of medical

professionals and researchers. This article lists some of the common effects of stress on the body,

mood and behavior. There are also a few examples given on how to possibly manage or release

stressful feelings. The last section of this article describes possible scenarios when an individual

should seek help because of their stress. This source gives a very good and simple layout of

exactly what the symptoms of stress are and when it is time to see a professional for these


McGonigal, Kelly. “How to Make Stress Your Frend.” Ted, Ted,

Kelly McGonigal is a health psychologist that gave a Ted Talk on her research about

stress. McGonigal’s input on stress is a different view and outlook on how stress can affect an

individual’s health based how they think about their stress. She explains that if an individual

think of stress in a positive manor and understand stress as preparing for the situation the

individual is in, stress will not only be healthy, but beneficial. This is sort of a counter-argument
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to what all of my other sources are stating and helps give my argument more depth and a

different outlook on how to deal with stress. Most sources will explain how stress is unhealthy,

but this source states that stress is healthy when interpreted as a preparation mechanism for your


Nordqvist, Christian. “Stress: Why Does It Happen and How Can We Manage It?” Medical

News Today, MediLexicon International, 28 Nov. 2017,

Christian Nordqvist wrote this article for Medical News Today and it was reviewed by

Timothy J. Legg PhD, CRNP. Nordqvist explains the scientific part of stress within the body and

explains how stress is known as the “Fight or flight” mechanism of the body. This mechanism

“floods the body with hormones to prepare systems to evade or confront dangers”. Specific

hormones the body releases are discussed along with the side effects of these specific hormones.

Nordqvist explains how stress can be associated with positive events as well because they may

“involve a major change, extra effort, new responsibility, and a need for adaptation”. There are

different levels of stress that can be diagnosed, and this article breaks each of those down. This is

the science background that I was wanting in my article to explain stress within the body.

Rampey, Timothy S., and Martha Oehmke Loustaunau. “Stress-Related Diseases.” Salem Press

Encyclopedia of Health, 2018. EBSCOhost,

direct=true&db=ers&AN=93872291&site=eds- live.

This article in the Salem Press Encyclopedia of Health by Timothy Rampey and Martha

Loustaunau goes in depth on research done on the different diseases and illnesses that can arise
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due to stress on an individual's body. The specific health problems that are looked at are heart

disease as well as immune effects. There are many “biochemical changes that occur within the

body, which can lead to life-threatening situations for an individual”. The article then goes into

detail about how a Type-A individual, “which is highly stressed- hostile, impatient, hard-driving

and competitive” will have a higher risk of health issues than a Type-B individual, who is more

“patient, easygoing and relaxed”. There is a very science in depth portion of this article that I did

not plan on using because I was going to get this area of my research from a different source, but

this is a good backup and reference to compare other sources too as well. This article helps

explain how stress will affect different types of individuals and the different possible health

effects stress could cause for an individual.

Sincero, Jen. You Are a Badass. Running Press, 2017. Chapter 10, Page 87.

Jen Sincero is the author of a book I am reading for enjoyment called You Are a Badass,

as well as a life coach. She gives advice on how to live a happier and more satisfying life. In the

book You Are a Badass, the topic of how to improve your self-confidence is the call to action.

One of the chapters in her book is dedicated to meditation practices. Sincero lists “The vortex

and connecting to Source Energy, which automatically: Brings us into the present moment,

Raises our frequency, Opens us up to receive unlimited information and ideas, Relaxes us,

Relieves stress, Strengthens our intuition and ability to focus, Allows us to hear our inner voice

more clearly, Fills us with light and love, Puts us in a good mood, and Helps us love ourselves.”

These are all benefits she lists for meditation and how meditation is a possible cure or prevention

for stress illnesses. This source gives meditation as a possible solution to help make stress not

have negative side effects on an individual’s health.

Sotardi, Valerie A. “Exploring School Stress in Middle Childhood: Interpretations, Experiences,

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and Coping.” Pastoral Care in Education, vol. 35, no. 1, Academic Search Complete.

Valerie Sotardi discusses the observation of a research study performed on third graders

and their thoughts of stress within the classroom. The students gave some examples of what

causes them stress in the classroom, which was often the pace their teacher pushed them through

material and the amount of memorization rather than learning and gathering their thoughts due to

the timing of state testing and benchmarks they had to meet throughout the school year. The

emotional strain on these young students was addressed as well. Many students explained how

they felt “anger, anxiety and fear” when stressed out in the classroom. These students are only in

the third grade and already show signs of stress affecting them emotionally which is not healthy.

This is the fault of how the school system is set up and this should be something addressed and

changed. This article shines a light first-handedly on how young students feel on stress. Sotardi

explains stress as a “negative light” in the class room which is what I am explaining in my

article, how stress is not healthy in the proportion's individuals feel it. This article points out that

even students as young as third graders can point out stress and know that it is not good for their