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# PHYSICS

## QUESTION BASED MODULE

CHAPTER 3 :
FORCE & PRESSURE

NAME : ___________________________________________
CLASS : ___________________________________________
PHYSICS` TEACHER : ______________________________

## ~If you believe it will work out..you’ll see opportunities.

If you believe it won’t..you’ll see obstacles~
~Wayne Dyer

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TRIAL SPM EXAMINATION CHECK-LIST

PAPER 2
SECTIOAN A (STRUCTURE QUESTION)
Q1 SMK KHIR JOHARI 2018
Q2
Q3 MARA 2009
Q4 JOHOR 2018
Q5 PONTIAN 2018
Q6 GERAK GEMPUR PERAK 2011
Q7 SBP 2010
Q8 PAHANG 2018
Q9 SBP 2017
Q10 MRSM 2008

Q1 KELANTAN 2018

## SECTION C (ESSAY QUESTION)

Q1 TRIAL PERAK 2018

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TRIAL SMK KHIR JOHARI 2018
1. Diagram 1 shows a mercury barometer.

Diagram 1

## (a) Name the instrument in Diagram 1.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) (i) What is the value of h in cm hg?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Based on the answer in 2(b) (i) ,determine the value of h in unit Pa.

(2 marks)

(c) What will happens to the length of h when the instrument is brought on a high
mountain?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

TOTAL : 5 MARKS

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2. Diagram 2 shows an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. Given that the
density of mercury is 1.36 x 104 kgm-3 and the atmospheric pressure at sea level is 76 cm
Hg.

Diagram 2
(a) Name the instrument in Diagram 2.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) (i) What is the value of h in cm Hg?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Based on the answer in 2(b) (i), determine the value of h in unit Pa.

(2 marks)
(c ) What happens to the length of h when the instrument is brought to Cameron
Highland ?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

TOTAL : 5 MARKS

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TRIAL MARA 2009
3. Diagram 3.1 shows a freely floating hydrometer in water.

Diagram 3.1
A principle states that,
‘ When a body is immersed wholly or partially in a fluid, the buoyant force acting on the body is
equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces. ‘
(a) (i) Name the principle above.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Mark on Diagram 3.1 the direction of the two forces acting on the hydrometer
(1 mark)
(b) The hydrometer is removed from water, dried and then placed in oil.

(i) Predict the length of the hydrometer that is submerged in oil, compared to the length
in water.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

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Diagram 3.2
(c) Diagram 3.2 shows an object which has a weight of 0.25 N fully immersed in water. Its
apparent weight is 0.22 N. (Density of water = 1000 kg m-3)

## (i) What is the buoyant force on the object?

(1 mark)
(ii) Determine the volume of the object.

(2 marks)

TOTAL : 7 MARKS

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TRIAL JOHOR 2018
4. Diagram 4.1 shows a simple hydraulic jack with a small piston X and a large piston Y with cross-
sectional area of 10 cm2 and 100 cm2 respectively. A force of magnitude 50 N is applied to the
piston X.

Diagram 4.1

## (a) Name the physics principle involved in the hydraulic jack.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

(b) Explain why this brake system is less efficient if there is air bubble trapped in the brake
tube.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

(c) A force of 50 N is exerted on the small piston X. The cross-section areas of the small piston
X and the large piston Y are 10 cm2 and 100 cm2 respectively.

## (i) Calculate the pressure that is transmitted by the hydraulic fluid.

(2 marks)
(ii) Calculate the weight of the load

[1 mark]

TOTAL : 5 MARKS

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TRIAL DAERAH PONTIAN 2018

5. Diagram 5.1 shows a water supply system. Water level in a high reservoir is fed along pipes to
houses at lower levels.

Diagram 5.1

## a) Why it is necessary for a water pump to be fitted to the multilevel building?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
b) i) Calculate the pressure of the water at point A if the height of the building is 100m.

(2marks)

ii) The occupants at higher floors of the buildings are always complain about low water
pressure. Give a reason for the low water pressure.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

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c) Diagram 5.2 shows the pressure of water is transmitted equally in all direction.

Diagram 5.2
Name the physics principle in the above observation.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

TOTAL : 5 MARKS

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GERAK GEMPUR PERAK 2011

6. Diagram 6.1 shows water being shot out from the side of a water tank.

water
1.0 m

A
6.0 m

B
4.0 m

Diagram 6.1

## (a) What is meant by pressure?

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) Given the density of water is 1 000 kg m- 3, calculate the water pressure

(i) at A.

(ii) at B.

(2 marks)
(c) (i) Compare the water pressure at A and at B.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Relate the water pressure and the horizontal displacement of the water jet from the
side of the water tank.

__________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(d) State another one application of the pressure in liquids.

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

TOTAL : 6 MARKS

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TRIAL SBP 2010

## 7. Diagram 7 shows a cross-section of a bunsen burner.

Diagram 7

(a) (i) Name the Physics’ principle involved in the working principle of bunsen burner.

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Which region X, Y or Z, experiences low pressure?

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(c) Explain how a bunsen burner can produced blue flame.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

TOTAL : 5 MARKS

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TRIAL PAHANG 2018
8. Diagram 8.1 shows an egg is put in a glass of tap water. Diagram 8.2 shows an egg is put in a
glass of salt water. The density of tap water and salt water, ρ, are 1000 kgm -3 and 1020 kgm-3
respectively.

## Tap water Salt water

Diagram 8.1 Diagram 8.2

## (a) What is meant by density?

______________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) Based on Diagram 8.1 and 8.2

## (i) Compare the density of tap water and salt water.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) Compare the portion of egg immersed in the water.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(iii) Compare the volume of water displaced by the egg.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(iv) Relate the volume of water displaced to the density of liquid.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(v) Relate the portion of egg immersed in water and volume of water displaced.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

(vi) Deduce the relationship between density of water and volume of water displaced.

___________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

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(d) The liquid in Diagram 8.2 is replaced with river water. Predict the portion of egg
immersed in the river water.

________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

TOTAL : 8 MARKS
TRIAL SBP 2017
9. Diagram 9.1 shows flow of air against a spinning ball.

direction of spinning
direction of air flow

Diagram 9.1

## (a) (i) Name the physics principle involved.

___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) On Diagram 9.1, mark X in the region where the speed of air flow is high.
(1 mark)
(c) Diagram 6.2 shows a jet of mass 2 000 kg is flying at constant height.

Diagram 9.2

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Calculate the lift force acting on the jet.

(2 marks)

(d) Based on the following aspects, give suggestions on how the jet in Diagram 9.2 is able to
fly higher.
(i) Shape of jet’s wing
___________________________________________________________________
Reason :

___________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)
(ii) Density of jet body :
___________________________________________________________________
Reason :

___________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)
(iii) Surface area of the wings :
___________________________________________________________________
Reason :

___________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

TOTAL : 10 MARKS

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TRIAL MRSM 2008

10. Diagram 10 shows a wooden sampan of mass 200 kg with a volume of 2 m3 floating at sea.

Diagram 10
(a) (i) Name the force F shown in Diagram 10.

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) What is the relationship between F and W?

____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) Determine the magnitude of F.

(2 marks)

(c) Another boat of similar mass and volume is built from fibre glass to replace the wooden
sampan. Fibre glass is stronger and can support a greater load.

## (i) Give another reason why fibre glass is chosen.

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

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(ii) Calculate the maximum weight which can be carried by the fibre glass sampan and still
remain afloat. (Given the the density of sea water is 1020 kg m-3).

(2 marks)

(iii) What will happen if the fibre glass sampan carrying the maximum weight moves from
the sea to a river?

_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

TOTAL : 10 MARKS

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ESSAY QUESTION
SECTION B
TRIAL KELANTAN 2018

9. Diagram 9.1 and 9.2 shows the water spurts out from beaker P and Q, which has the
same density.

## (a) What is meant by density?

[1 mark]

(b) (i) Based on diagram 9.1 and diagram 9.2, compare the depth of the holes,
the distance of water spurts, and the pressure exerted on the holes.
[3 marks]
(ii) State the relationship between pressure and,
(a) depth of the hole
(b) distantace of water spurts out
[2 marks]
(c) Diagram 9.3 shows a simple hydraulic system.

Diagram 9.3

## Explain how the load can be lifted to the certain height.

[4 marks]

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(d) The efficient brake hydraulic system is very important for car safety. Diagram 9.4
shows a brake hydraulic system.

Diagram 9.4

Suggest and explain the modifications that can be made to this system so that it
can functions well based on various aspects such as type of fluid, size of master
piston, and material used for fluid transmission.
[10 marks]

TOTAL : 20 MARKS

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ESSAY QUESTION
SECTION C
TRIAL PERAK 2018

11. Diagram 11.1 shows a small aircraft. Diagram 11.2 shows a cross section of the aircraft’s
wings.

## Diagram 11.1 Diagram 11.2

(a) Name the shape of the cross sectional of the aircraft wings.
[ 1 mark ]

(b) The aircraft obtains its lift when flying due to a difference in pressure of the air between
the upper and bottom sides of the wings.

## (i) Explain how this difference in pressure is produced.

[ 3 marks]
[ 1 mark ]

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(c) Table 11 shows characteristic of four design of the aircraft wings.

## Design Shape of cross section of wing Area of Density of Difference in

Wing wing speed of air
/ m2 material above and
/ Kgm-3 below the
wing
/ m s-1
P 40.0 2100 10.0

## S 38.2 2050 8.0

You are requested to choose a suitable wing to be installed with the body of the aircraft. By referring
to the information given in Table 11, explain the suitability of each characteristic and suggest the
most suitable wing to be installed with the body of the aircraft.
[ 10 marks ]

(d) An aircraft installation department chooses wing P to be installed with its aircrafts which
has maximum mass 800 kg.

(i) If the air pressure below the wing is more than the air pressure above the wing by
500 N m-2, calculate the force that exerted from below of the wing.
[ 2 marks ]

(ii) Determine the resultant force and its direction that exerted to the wing of the aircraft.

[ 2 marks ]
(iii) Calculate the vertical acceleration of the aircraft.
[ 1 mark ]

TOTAL : 20 MARKS
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