Soriano, Ana Isabel C.

MT0923

November 06, 2010

Qualities of a Healthy Community include:
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Clean and safe physical environment Peace, equity and social justice Adequate access to food, water, shelter, income, safety, work and recreation for all Adequate access to health care services Opportunities for learning and skill development Strong, mutually supportive relationships and networks Workplaces that are supportive of individual and family well -being Wide participation of residents in decisi on-making Strong local cultural and spiritual heritage Diverse and vital economy Protection of the natural environment Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being. Social, environmental and economic factors are important determinan ts of human health and are inter-related. People cannot achieve their fullest potential unless they are able to take control of those things, which determine their well being. All sectors of the community are inter-related and share their knowledge, expertise and perspectives, working together to create a healthy community Wide community participation Broad involvement of all sectors of the community Local government commitment Creation of healthy public policies

Community health , a field public health, is a discipline that concerns itself with the
study and betterment of the health characteristics of biological communities. While the term community can be broadly defined, community health tends to focus on geographic areas rather than people with shared characteristics. The health characteristics of a community are often examined using geographic information system (GIS) software and public health datasets. Some projects, such as InfoShare or GEOPROJ combine GIS with existing datasets, allowing the general public to examine the characteristics of any given community in the United States. Because health III (broadly defined as well -being) is influenced by a wide array of socio-demographic characteristics, relevant variables range from the proportion of residents of a given age group to the overall life expectancy of the neighborhood. Medical interventions aimed at improving the health of a community range from improving access to medical care to public health communications campaigns. Recent research efforts have focused on how the built environment and socioeconomic status affect health.

heredity 4. Hand washing. behavioral. in the case of a pandemic). and occupational health are other important subfields. mental.g. Good health is harder to define than bad health (which can be equated with presence of disease) because it must convey a more positive concept than mere absence of disease. A person may be in good physical condition but have a cold or be mentally ill. rather than individual-level health issues The focus of public health intervention is to prevent rather than treat a disease through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society. and our health care delivery system . C. in many cases treating a disease may be vital to preventing it in others. Health. communities and individuals. In addition to these activities. Extent of continuing physical.E. biostatistics and health services. The goal of public health is to improve lives through the prevention and treatment of disease. mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. and there is a variable area between health and disease. organizations. such as during an outbreak of an infectious disease. There are 2 distinct characteristics of public health: 1. Factors affecting community health are the following: 1. and social ability to cope with one's environment. emotional. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance. Someone may appear healthy but have a serious condition (e. Public health is typically divided into epidemiology. socio-economic problems 3. The United Nations' World Health Organization defines health as "a state of complete physical. our environment 5..A. public and private. cancer) that is detectable only by physical examination or diagnostic tests or not even by these.Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease. It deals with preventive rather than curative aspects of health 2. our behaviour 6. social. Winslow)[1] It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a communi ty based on population health analysis. Environmental. political issues 2. vaccination programs and distribution of condoms are examples of public health measures. It deals with population -level." (1920.

CommunityHealth has relocated twice and greatly expanded its hours. Nearly half of the people he surveyed had no insurance. In the beginning. Today. nor access to r eliable health care. Chicago. CommunityHealth was born. Joseph Hospital. He next recruited several health care professionals to his cause. M.. and with that. a board-certified Internist and Nephrologist founded CommunityHealth in 1993 . Then the growing numbers of struck chairman of the Department of Medicine at St. Since then. In 2005. Garella uninsured and curious about the extent of the crisis.The CommunityHealth History SerafinoGarella. Garella secured funding and a storefront location. Shocked by those results. and driven by the belief that all people have the right to receive health care. as the demand for services ballooned and the number of volunteers grew. Dr. CommunityHealth owns the building that houses its clinic at 2611 W. servic es and programs. thanks to a successful capital campaign. Chicago Ave. Dr. asking people about their health care situation. CommunityHealth s clinic was renamed the Lederman Family Health Center.D. the clinic was open just a few hours per week. . in recognition of a major gift from long-time friend and contributor Sam Lederman. He and a group of colleagues went door -to-door in several Chicago neighborhoods..

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