DAMS1684 Introductory Statistics Tutorial 2 Q1.

Descriptive Statistics

The directors of a company decided to analyse its debts. A random sample of 100 debts was selected and the following results were obtained: Range of debts (RM) 0 and less than 200 200 and less than 400 400 and less than 600 600 and less than 1000 1000 and less than 2000 Number of debts 22 34 19 20 5

(a) Construct a histogram for the data and find the mode.

(b) Construct a less than cumulative frequency polygon and find: (i) the median (ii) the semi-interquartile range (c) Q2.

Calculate the mean and standard deviation.

The following table gives the frequency distribution of the number of water heaters sold in year 2004 for a sample of 100 stores in a city. Number of Water Heaters Sold 100 - 199 200 - 299 300 - 399 400 - 499 500 - 599 600 - 699 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Number of Stores 6 12 35 42 3 21

Construct a histogram to represent these data and use it to estimate the mode. Calculate the mean and the standard deviation. Calculate the median. Calculate the quartile deviation.

Q3. From the following table, calculate the mean, median, mode and standard deviation. Variable Frequency 6.0 1 6.2 1 6.4 1 6.6 5 6.8 20 7.0 31 7.2 25 7.4 10 7.6 3 7.8 2 8.0 1

Q4.

The following distribution shows the years of service for all the 75 employees of a large department store.

DAMS1684 Introductory Statistics Tutorial 2 Years of service 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 26-30 (a) frequency 21 25 15 0 8 6

Descriptive Statistics

By constructing a “less than” cumulative frequency polygon, find (i) quartile deviation. (ii) the percentage of employees with years of service more than 23. Calculate the mean, and standard deviation.

(b) Q5.

The following table shows the balances on a random sample of 150 customer credit accounts: Balance (RM) 0 to less than 100 l00 to less than200 200 to less than 300 300 to less than 400 400 to less than 500 (a) (b) Calculate the mean, mode and standard deviation. By constructing a “less than” ogive (or cumulative frequency curve), find: (i) the median, lower quartile, upper quartile and the interquartile range. (ii) the number of accounts having balances less than RM350. the mean the first quartile the quartile deviation Numbers of accounts 36 51 24 27 12

Q6. Using the sample date given below, calculate a) the range b) c) the median d) e) the third quartile f) g) the standard deviation

2, 5, 7, 8, 11, 15, 17, 18, 22, 26, 30, 32, 36, 39, 40, 43, 45, 47, 51, 53, 55, 58, 60, 64, 66 Q7. An industrial psychologist asked all the 25 managers in a company to take a written examination designed to measure the manager’s work satisfaction. The following data were obtained (higher scores indicate a higher level of satisfaction). 75 56 68 79 33 78 69 67 26 78 62 68 77 75 54 28 61 89 96 61 87 51 57 41 61

DAMS1684 Introductory Statistics Tutorial 2 i) ii) iii) iii) Q8.

Descriptive Statistics

Group the data into eight classes: 21 – 30, 31 – 40, ..., 91 – 100. Use the grouped data to estimate the mean and the standard deviation. Use the grouped data to calculate the mode. Construct a relative frequency distribution.

The table below gives the cumulative frequency distribution of the mileage travel1ed for a random sample of 50 company vehicles in the course of one week. Distance travelled (miles) Less than 120 Less than 130 Less than 140 Less than 150 Less than 170 Less than 190 Less than 210 (i) (ii) (iii) Number of vehicles 2 7 17 32 40 46 50

Redraft the above data in the form of a grouped frequency distribution. Draw a histogram for the grouped frequency distribution obtained. Calculate the mean, median and mode. Interpret the results obtained.

Q9.

A company manufacturing car batteries has carried out an investigation into the variability of lengths of life of the batteries produced. A random sample of 100 car batteries at the point of sales was checked and the following grouped frequency distribution was obtained. Length of life (hundred hours) 60 – under 65 65 – under 70 70 – under 75 75 – under 85 85 – under 95 (a) (b) Number of car batteries 10 32 38 15 5

Draw a histogram to illustrate the information. (i) (ii) Estimate the mode using the histogram in part (a). Use a calculation method to estimate the mode.

(c)

Calculate the mean and standard deviation.