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‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﭘﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺸﻜﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﻁ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎء‪ ‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺘﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻲ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ -‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺴﻢ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﭘﺮﻭﺳﺲ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻴﺒﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻱ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﺗ ًﺎ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺟﺎﺕ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎﻡﻉﻳﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻱ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻑﺭﻡﻩ ‪ A‬ﻭ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺸﺒﺜﻴﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺁﻧﺎﻧﺮﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻣﺒﺪﺍ )ﺳﺮﺗﻔﻜﻴﺖ ﺁﻑ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻱﺟﻦ ( ﻭ‬

‫ﺑﻴﺠﻚ )‪ (Invoice‬ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺕﺟﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺩﺭﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ‪ .‬ﺏﻧﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻱﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺫﻳﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬

‫ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪:‬‬

‫ﻣﺘﺄﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬


‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪﺭﺩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻌﻼً ﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮ ﺩ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪﺭﺩ )‪ (ISO‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺮﻭﺳﺲ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﻋﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﻮﻥ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻱﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ ﻣﻴﺮﺳﺪ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺳﻮﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪،‬‬

‫ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺍﻧﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺏﻻﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻩ‬

‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪:‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺖﻱ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺘﻲ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻲ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬

‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﺘﺄﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬

‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻼ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻧﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﭽﺎﻟﻮ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻃﻲ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ‪ 1387‬ﻭ ‪1388‬‬

‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1388‬ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺫﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺁﺗﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬

‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪) 1388‬ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ(‬

‫ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺼﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬


‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺟﻨﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫‪16.6‬‬ ‫‪66.9‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﻭ ﮔﻠﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺟﺮﻣﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬


‫ﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺵﻱﺭﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺒﺎﻛﻮ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻛﺸﻴﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﻣﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫‪11.1‬‬ ‫‪44.9‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﻲ‬
‫ﺳﻤﺎﺭﻕ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬
‫ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‪،‬‬


‫ﺑﺎﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﺰ ﺧﺴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﺰ ﭘﺴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﻤﺶ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻠﻮﺍﻛﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﻟﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫‪44.9‬‬ ‫‪181.1‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺟﺎﺕ ﺧﺸﻚ‬
‫ﻛﺸﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﻐﻮﺯﺓ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﻱ ﻗﺮﻩ‬


‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫‪1.4‬‬ ‫‪5.5‬‬
‫ﮔﺎﻭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻭﻣﻴﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻞ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﻩ ﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪0.1‬‬ ‫‪0.2‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﻩ ﻗﻞ‬

‫ﺑﻠﺠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﻧﻜﺎﻧﮓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬


‫ﭘﺸﻢ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﺖ ﻛﺮﻙ‬ ‫‪2.0‬‬ ‫‪7.9‬‬ ‫ﭘﺸﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻱ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﺯﺑﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬


‫ﺳﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺯﺭﺩﺍﻟﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﻴﻼﺱ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫‪5.6‬‬ ‫‪22.6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‬
‫ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪3.7‬‬ ‫‪14.7‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ ﺗﻴﻠﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺩﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫‪14.7‬‬ ‫‪59.2‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺷﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺑﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬

‫‪100‬‬ ‫‪403‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬


‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪) 1387‬ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ(‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺼﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺟﻨﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺯﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺴﭙﺎﻧﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬
‫‪27.4‬‬ ‫‪149.6‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﻭ ﮔﻠﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺵﻱﺭﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺒﺎﻛﻮ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻛﺸﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺳﻤﺎﺭﻕ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪،‬‬ ‫‪3.9‬‬ ‫‪21.2‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﺰ ﺧﺴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﺰ ﭘﺴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﻤﺶ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﻛﺸﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﻐﻮﺯﺓ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪،‬‬


‫‪45.0‬‬ ‫‪245.5‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺟﺎﺕ ﺧﺸﻚ‬
‫ﺳﻠﻮﺍﻛﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﻟﻨﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﻭ‬

‫ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻭﻣﻴﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﻱ‬


‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫‪3.8‬‬ ‫‪20.9‬‬
‫ﻗﺮﻩ ﻗﻞ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﻩ ﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪2.5‬‬ ‫‪13.7‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﻩ ﻗﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻠﺠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﻧﻜﺎﻧﮓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬
‫‪1.0‬‬ ‫‪5.7‬‬ ‫ﭘﺸﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻱ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺳﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺯﺭﺩﺍﻟﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﻴﻼﺱ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬


‫ﺍﺯﺑﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫‪7.6‬‬ ‫‪41.2‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‬
‫ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪0.6‬‬ ‫‪3.4‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ ﺗﻴﻠﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺩﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫‪8.0‬‬ ‫‪43.8‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺷﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺟﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺯﺑﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫‪100‬‬ ‫‪545‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬