1

Marking Scheme
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN STPM NEGERI PAHANG 2010
Mathematics T Paper 1 (954/1)/ Mathematics S Paper 1 (950/1)

NO. SCHEME MARKS
1(a)

(b)
4
15
0
25
4 15
25
4 15
25
3 20
9 16
3 4 15 20
) 3 4 )( 3 4 (
) 3 4 )( 5 (
3 4
5
÷ =
=
+
+
+
÷
=
+
÷ + +
=
+ ÷
+ +
=
÷
+
=
a
a
i
a a
a ai i
i i
i ai
i
ai
z

M1
use conjugate to
make denominator
real

A1

M1

[A1 [4]
2
1 4
0 ) 1 )( 4 (
0 4 5
) 1 ( 4 5 ) 1 (
4 5 lim lim
) ( lim ) ( lim
2
2 2
1
2 2
1
1 1
= =
= ÷ ÷
= + ÷
÷ =
÷ =
=
+ ÷
+ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
k or k
k k
k k
k k
x k x k
x f x f
x x
x x

M1 A1

M1
A1 [4]
3(a)

253
) 22 1 )( 22 (
2
1
22 ... 3 2 1
5 , log ... log log log
22
5
3
5
2
5 5
=
+ =
+ + + + =
= + + + + y y y y y

M1

A1
(b)
4
4
3
5
5
5 5
5
5
3
5
2
5 5
125
5
4
3
log
3 log 4
log 3 3 log
3
log 1
log
3 ... ) (log ) (log log
=
=
=
=
÷ =
=
÷
= + + +
y
y
y
y
y y
y
y
y y y

M1

A1

A1 [5]

2

NO. SCHEME MARKS
4(a)
3
1
5
1
0 ) 1 3 )( 1 5 (
0 1 2 15
1 2 16
1 4
2
2 2
÷ =
= + ÷
= ÷ +
+ ÷ =
÷ =
or x
x x
x x
x x x
x x

M1

A1
(b)

B1

B1
(c)
x x
x
x
4 1
1
4
1
< ÷
<
÷

From the graph, x x 4 1 < ÷ when
5
1
3
1
> ÷ < x or x
Solution set: }
5
1
3
1
: { > ÷ < x or x x

M1 A1

A1 [7]

5(a)

0 . .
7
3
7
3
3
7
7 3
) 1 ( 3 0 ) 5 ( 2
1 1
1
3
3 1
2
0
3 1
2 1
2
=
+ |
.
|

\
|
÷ =
÷ =
+ =
÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷ =
+
÷
÷
÷
÷ =
A e i
A
k when
k
k
k k
A

A is non-singular

M1

A1
0
1
1
x
y
x y 4 =
1 ÷ = x y
3

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(b)
4 7 ) 1 ( 3 , 1 = + ÷ = ÷ = A k
T
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
=
1 1
0 2
2 1
3 2
2 1
3 0
1 1
0 2
3 1
3 2
3 1
3 0
1 1
1 1
3 1
2 1
3 1
2 1

|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
2 2 2
1 3 1
3 3 5
2 1 3
2 3 3
2 1 5
T

|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷
=
÷
2
1
2
1
2
1
4
1
4
3
4
1
4
3
4
3
4
5
2 2 2
1 3 1
3 3 5
4
1
1
A

M1

A1

M1

A1

(c)

-2x + 0y + 3z = 1
-x + y + 2z = 0
x + y – 3z = -7
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
÷
÷
7
0
1
3 1 1
2 1 1
3 0 2
z
y
x

3 , 2 , 4
3
2
4
7
0
1
2 2 2
1 3 1
3 1 5
4
1
= ÷ = =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
z y x
z
y
x

B1

M1

A1 [9]
4

NO. SCHEME MARKS
6(a)

The line y = c, c constant, cuts the graph of x x g = ) ( at only one point
g is one-to-one and onto in 0 > x
1 ÷
g exists.

B1

M1

A1
(b)
0 , ) (
0 ,
) (
) (
2 1
2
1
> =
> =
=
=
=
÷
÷
x x x g
x x y
y x
y g x
y x g

B1 B1
(c)
0 ) ( '
0
2
1
0
1
0
2
1
) ( '
ln
2
1
) (
>
> ¬
> ¬ >
=
=
x f
x
x
x
x
x f
x x f

f is an increasing function.

M1

A1
(d)
g f
g f
D R
D R
.
· . · ÷·
· = · ÷· =
) , 0 [ ) , (
) , 0 [ ) , (

function g o f is not defined.

M1

A1 [9]
7(a)
x
xe
dx
dy
x
3 4
3
4
3 2
2
÷
÷ =
+

M1 A1
(b)(i)
) 2 ( 2
1 4
1 4
4 2
4 4
1
2
x y x
xy
dx
dy
x
xy
dx
dy
x
dx
dy
y
y
dx
dy
x
x dx
dy
y
÷
+
=
+
= ÷
+ = ÷

M1 A1

A1
y
x
x x g = ) (

5

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(ii)
17
4
4
17
) 2 4 )( 1 ( 2
1 ) 4 )( 1 ( 4
), 4 , 1 (
) 2 ( 2
1 4
÷ =
=
÷
+
=
÷
+
=
normal
T
m
m
dx
dy
at
x y x
xy
dx
dy

The equation of normal at (1,4)
0 72 17 4
4 4 68 17
) 1 (
17
4
4
= ÷ +
+ ÷ = ÷
÷ ÷ = ÷
y x
x y
x y

M1

A1

M1

A1 [9]
8(a)
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
16 ) 2 ( 8 8
16 ) 4 (
) 4 , 2 ( , 8
p p x
p p y
p p P at x y
= =
= =
=

x y 8
2
= satisfied by P(2p
2
, 4p)
P lies on the parabola x y 8
2
=

M1

A1
(b)
p
m
p dx
dy
m
p p P at
y dx
dy
dx
dy
y
x y
T
T
1
4
4
), 4 , 2 (
4
8 2
8
2
2
=
= =
=
=
=

Equation of tangent
2
2 2
2
2
2 4
) 2 (
1
4
p x py
p x p py
p x
p
p y
+ =
÷ = ÷
÷ = ÷

M1

M1

A1

6

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(c) (i) At Q, x = 0
) 2 , 2 2 (
2 2 2
2
4
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
0 4
,
2
2 2
2
2
'
2
0
) 0 , 2 ( ), 2 , 0 ( ), 4 , 2 ( ), , (
) 2 , 0 (
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
p p S
p y and p x
p p y
and
p x
p p p y x
M M
R p Q p p P y x S
p Q
p y
p py
PR QS
÷
= ÷ =
=
+ ÷
=
|
|
.
|

\
| + ÷
= |
.
|

\
| + +
=
÷
=
=

M1

A1
(c)(ii) As p varies, locus of P:
) 2 ( 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
+ =
= +
÷ |
.
|

\
|
=
= ¬ = ÷ =
x y
y
x
y
x
p
y
p y and p x

B1

M1

A1 [10]
9(a)

x x
x x
ecx
x
=
=
=
sin 3
sin
1 3
cos
3

y = 3 sin x and y = x

Only one intersection point for 0 > x
ecx
x
cos
3
= has only one positive root.

B1
Correct curve

M1
Getting equation of
straight line

A1
Correct straight line
seen

A1
-3
3
0
y
t 4 t t 2 t 3 t 4 t 3 t 2 t
x
y = x
y = 3sinx
7

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(b)
0 0629 . 0 3 . 2 ) 3 . 2 sin( 3 ) 3 . 2 (
0 2255 . 0 2 . 2 ) 2 . 2 sin( 3 ) 2 . 2 (
sin 3 ) (
0 sin 3
sin 3
cos
3
< ÷ = ÷ =
> = ÷ =
÷ =
= ÷
=
=
f
f
x x x f
x x
x x
ecx
x

Since f(2.2) > 0 and f(2.3) < 0
the positive root lies between 2.2 and 2.3

M1

A1

(c)
28 . 2
2792 . 2
8845 . 2
0842 . 0
25 . 2
25 . 2 ( '
) 25 . 2 (
25 . 2
25 . 2
2
3 . 2 2 . 2
1 cos 3 ) ( '
sin 3 ) (
2
1
~
=
÷
÷ =
÷ =
=
+
=
÷ =
÷ =
f
f
x
x
x x f
x x x f

28 . 2
2789 . 2
9519 . 2
0010 . 0
2792 . 2
) 2792 . 2 ( '
) 2792 . 2 (
2792 . 2
3
~
=
|
.
|

\
|
÷
÷
÷ =
÷ =
f
f
x

The positive root = 2.28 (to 3 s. f.)

M1

A1

A1

A1 [10]
10(a)
...
16
1
8
1
4
1
2
1
...
8
1
4
1
2
1
1
2
1
...
2 ! 3
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
2 ! 2
) 2 )( 1 (
2
1
2
1
2
1 2 ) 2 (
3 2
3
3 2
1
1 1
+ + + + =

+ + + + =

+ |
.
|

\
|
÷
÷ ÷ ÷
+ |
.
|

\
|
÷
÷ ÷
+ |
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
÷ = ÷
÷
÷ ÷
x x x
x x x
x x x
x
x

M1

A1

8

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(b)
...
4
23
2 2
...
2
1
2
3
4
27
3 2
...
8
27
2
3
1 ...
2
1
2
... ) 3 (
! 2
2
3
2
1
) 3 (
2
1
1 ...
16
1
8
1
4
1
2
1
4
) 3 1 ( ) 2 ( 4
3 1 ) 2 (
4
2
2 2 2
2 2
2 3 2
2
1
1
+ + ÷ =
+ + ÷ + + ÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
+ + ÷ |
.
|

\
|
+ + + =

+
|
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
÷
+ |
.
|

\
|
÷ + |
.
|

\
|
+ + + + =
+ ÷ =
+ ÷
÷
÷
x x
x x x x x
x x x x
x x x x x
x x
x x

M1
Expansion of
( ) 2
1
3 1
÷
+ x

A1
Expand
( ) 2
1
3 1
÷
+ x

correctly

A1

(c) The expansion is valid when
)
`
¹
¹
´
¦
< < ÷
<
< <
< <
3
1
3
1
:
3
1
3
1
2
1 3 1
2
x x
x
x and x
x and
x

M1

A1
(d)
27
1
÷ = x
.) . 3 ( 414 . 1
4137 . 1
81
55
2916
6071
2
2916
6071
55
2 81
2916
6071
2 2 55
3 27 4
2916
6071
9
8
27
55
4
27
1
4
23
27
1
2 2
27
1
3 1
27
1
2
4
2
p d ~
~
× ~
~
~
×
× ×
~
|
.
|

\
|
÷ + |
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ ~
|
.
|

\
|
÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
+

M1

A1

A1 [10]

9

NO. SCHEME MARKS
11(a)
c x
c
x
dx x x
+ + =
+
+
= +
í
÷
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
) 2 ( 2
2
1
) 2 (
) 2 ( 2

c
x
x x
dx x x x x
dx x x x x
dx x x x
dx x x dx
x
x
+
+
÷ + =
+ ÷ + =
+ ÷

+ =
+ |
.
|

\
|
=
+ =
+
í
í
í
í í
÷
÷
2
3
) 2 (
2
) 2 ( 2 2
) ( ) 2 ( 2 ) 2 ( 2
2
1
) 2 )( 2 (
2
1
) 2 (
2
2
3
2
2 2
2
1
2 2 2
2
1
2
2
1
2 2
2
1
2 2
2
1
2 3
2
3

= c x x x + + ÷ +
2
3
2 2 2
) 2 (
3
2
2

M1

A1

M1

A1

A1
(b)(i)
6 2
0
3
t
t
=
÷
= h
x y = sec x
0
1
= x 1
1
= y
6
2
t
= x

2
y =1.1547
3
3
t
= x
3
y = 2
Area of R
| |
| |
2
3 2 1
3
0
390 . 1
2 ) 1547 . 1 ( 2 1
6 2
1
2
2
1
sec
unit
y y y h
dx x
~
+ + |
.
|

\
|
~
+ + ~
=
í
t
t

B1

M1

A1

10

NO. SCHEME MARKS
(b)(ii) Volume
| |
3
3
0
3
0
2
2
3
0 tan
3
tan
tan
sec
unit
x
dx x
dx y
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
=

÷ =
=
=
=
í
í

M1

A1

A1 [11]
12(a)
5
0 8 4 12
0 8 ) 2 ( 2 ) 2 ( 3 ) 2 ( '
8 2 3 ) ( '
2
2
=
= + ÷
= + ÷ + ÷ = ÷
+ + =
m
m
m f
mx x x f

6
2 16 20 8
2 ) 2 ( 8 ) 2 ( 5 ) 2 ( ) 2 (
2 3
=
= + ÷ + ÷
= + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ = ÷
n
n
n f

M1

A1

M1

A1
(b)
0
6 ) 3 ( 8 ) 3 ( 5 ) 3 ( ) 3 (
2 3
=
+ ÷ + ÷ + ÷ = ÷ f

x + 3 is a factor of f(x).

M1

A1
(c)
0 ) 2 2 )( 3 (
2
= + + + x x x
3 ÷ = x or
4
) 2 )( 1 ( 4 2
4
0 2 2
2
2
2
÷ =
÷ =
÷
= + +
ac b
x x

0 2 2
2
= + + x x has no real roots
f(x) has only one real root.
M1

M1

A1
(d)
) 2 ( 2
1
) 4 3 ( 2
3
) (
1
2
3
4 2 1 , 0
2
1
) 4 6 ( 1 , 2
) 4 3 ( ) 2 ( 1
2 4 3
1
) 2 )( 4 3 (
1
8 10 3
1
2
+
÷
+
=
= ¬ + = =
÷ = ¬ + ÷ = ÷ =
+ + + =
+
+
+
=
+ +
=
+ +
x x x f
A B A x
B B x
x B x A
x
B
x
A
x x x x

M1

M1

A1 [12]