© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Ec Mini Project Report Sem 4
- Application of Linear Differential Equation Final
- Impedance Matching
- Modul Peka Science Year 5
- EMI and AC TYPE 1
- emi-6
- UEEA 1243 - Circuit Theory
- RL Transient
- Quiz Force & Energy-2
- lecture_6
- 1 2 3 a SIM ElectricalCircuits 2
- Ee101 Exam Questions With Answer
- AC Electric Circuits_16_Passive Filter Circuits
- Numericals on Capacitors
- Circuit Theory(6)
- Us 3390305
- EENG223 Ch07 First Order Circuits
- chap7
- induc-difeq
- EC II unit 3

You are on page 1of 75

Narsapur, Medak (Dt)-502313.

II B.Tech II-Sem (ECE)

2011-2012

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

1. Students are supposed to come to the lab with preparation, proper dress code and the set

of tools required (1. Cutter, 2. Tester (small size), 3. Plier (6-Inches)).

2. Dress code:

Boys: Shoe & Tuck.

Girls: Apron & Cut shoe.

3. Don’t switch on the power supply without getting your circuit connections verified.

4. Disciplinary action can be taken in the event of mishandling the equipment or switching

on the power supply without faculty presence.

5. All the apparatus taken should be returned to the Lab Assistant concerned, before

leaving the lab.

6. You have to get both your Observation book and your Record for a particular

experiment corrected well before coming to the next experiment.

Guidelines to write your Observation book:

1. Experiment title, Aim, Apparatus, Procedure should be right side.

2. Circuit diagrams, Model graphs, Observations table, Calculations table should be left

side.

3. Theoretical and model calculations can be any side as per convenience.

4. Result should always be at the end (i.e. there should be nothing written related to an

experiment after its result).

5. You have to write the information for all the experiments in your observation book.

6. You are advised to leave sufficient no of pages between successive experiments in

your observation book for the purpose of theoretical and model calculations.

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

List of Experiments

determination for RLC network.

3. Time response of first order RC/RL network for periodic non sinusoidal input-Time constant

and steady state error determination.

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No: 1

Aim: To verify Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law and and Kirchhoff’s Current Law theoretically and

practically.

Apparatus:

Voltmeters

1.

Ammeters

2.

3. Multimeter

Theory:

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

V1 V2 V3

_ _ _

+ + +

V V V

+

+ VS

VS V

− _

Fig-1

I1

_

+

A

I

_

+

A

I2

_

+

A

+

VS

−

Fig-2

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. Supply is given to the circuit and the readings of the voltmeters are noted down.

5. Supply is given to the circuit and the readings of the Ammeters are noted down.

Theoretical Calculations:

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations Table:

Theoretical

Values

Practical

Values

Precautions:

Result:

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt. No: 2

Aim: To verify Resonant Frequency, Bandwidth & Quality factor of RLC Series and Parallel

Resonant circuits.

Apparatus:

1. Multimeter

2. Series and parallel resonance kit

3. Connecting wires as per need

Theory:

Theoretical Calculations:

Formulae Required.

Series Resonance:

1

1. Resonant frequency, f o =

2π LC

XL 2π foL

2. Quality factor, Q = =

R R

fo

3. Bandwidth, BW =

Q

Parallel Resonance:

1 1 R2

1. Resonant frequency, f o = − 2

2 π LC L

R R

2. Quality factor, Q = =

XL 2π foL

f

3. Bandwidth, BW = o

Q

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

Series Resonance:

3. The frequency is varied in steps and the corresponding ammeter reading is noted down as Is.

4. A graph is drawn between frequency f and current Is. Resonant frequency (fo) and Half power

frequencies (f1, f2) are marked on the graph.

f0

5. Bandwidth = (f2-f1.) & Quality factor Q = are found from the graph.

BW

6. Practical values of Resonant Frequency, Q-factor and Bandwidth are compared with theoretical

values.

Parallel Resonance:

3. The frequency is varied in steps and the corresponding ammeter reading is noted down as Ip.

4. A graph is drawn between frequency f and current Ip. Resonant Frequency (fo) and Half power

frequencies (f1, f2) are marked on the graph.

f0

5. Bandwidth = (f2-f1.) & Quality factor Q = are found from the graph.

BW

6. Practical values of Resonant Frequency, Q-factor and Bandwidth are compared with theoretical

values.

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Function A Is

generator

Fig-1

Model Graph:

IS

I max

I max

2

f1 fo f2 f

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

A Ip

Function

generator

Fig-2

Model Graph:

IP

2 I min

I min

f1 fo f2 f

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

S.No. Current(Is) Current(Ip)

Frequency (f) S.No. Frequency (f)

Result Table:

Theoretical Practical Theoretical Practical

Resonant frequency(f0)

Bandwidth(BW)

Quality factor(Q)

12

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

13

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

14

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt. No:3

Aim: To draw the time response of first order series RL and RC network for periodic Non-

Sinusoidal function and verify the time constant.

Apparatus:

1. Function generator 1

2. Decade Resistance box 1

3. Decade Inductance box 1

5. CRO 1

6. CRO probes 1

Theory:

Theoretical Calculations:

Formulae required:

L

For RL Series circuit, Time constant, τ =

R

For RC Series circuit, Time constant, τ = RC

15

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit diagrams:

Series RL Circuit

Function To CRO

Generator

Fig-1

Series RC Circuit

Function To CRO

Generator

Fig-2

Model Graph:

Vin

VL

VC

16

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

Series RL Circuit:

3. The waveform of voltage across inductor is observed on CRO and the waveform is drawn

on a graph sheet.

4. The time constant is found from the graph and verified with the theoretical value.

Series RC Circuit:

3. The waveform of voltage across the capacitor is observed on CRO and the waveform is

drawn on a graph sheet.

4. The time constant is found from the graph and verified with the theoretical value.

17

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Result table:

Time Constant(τ)

Precautions:

Result:

18

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt. No:4

Aim: To obtain experimentally Z , Y, ABCD and h-parameters and of a given two port network.

Apparatus:

1. Ammeter

2. Voltmeter

3. Rheostats

4. DC Power Supply

5. Digital Multimeter

6. Connecting wires as per need

Theory:

Theoretical Calculations:

19

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Formulae required:

Z-Parameters:

V1 V2

V1 = Z11 I1 + Z12 I 2 Z 11 = ; Z 21 =

I1 I2 =0

I1 I2 =0

V2 = Z 21 I1 + Z 22 I 2

V1 V2

Z 12 = ; Z 22 =

I2 I1 = 0

I2 I1 = 0

Y-Parameters:

I1 I

I1 = Y11V1 + Y12V2 Y11 = ; Y21 = 2

V1 V =0 V1 V2 = 0

I 2 = Y21V1 + Y22V2 2

I1 I2

Y12 = ; Y22 =

V2 V1 = 0

V2 V1 = 0

ABCD Parameters:

V1 I1

A= ; C=

V1 = AV2 − BI 2 V2 I 2 =0

V2 I 2 =0

I1 = CV2 − DI 2 V1 I1

B=− ; D=−

I2 V2 = 0

I2 V2 = 0

Hybrid or h- Parameters:

V1 = h11I1 + h12V2 V1 I2

h11 = ; h 21 =

I 2 = h21I1 + h22V2 I1 V2 =0

I1 V2 =0

V1 I2

h12 = ; h 22 =

V2 I1 = 0

V2 I1 = 0

20

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS:

I1 I2

+ +

+ +

V1 A Linear and V2 V1 V2

Passive Network ⎯ ⎯

_ _

When I2 = 0:

I1

+ _

A

+

+

V1 V V2

⎯ _

Fig-1

When V2 = 0:

I1

+ _

A

+

+

V1 A I2

⎯ _

Fig-2

21

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

When I1= 0:

I2

_ +

A

+

+

V V1 V2

⎯

_

Fig-3

When V1= 0:

I2

_ +

A

+

+

A I1 V2

⎯

_

Fig-4

22

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

b) Supply is given to input port.

c) The readings of ammeter as I1 and Voltmeter as V2 are noted down.

b) Supply is given to input port.

c) The readings of ammeters as I1& I2 are noted down.

b) Supply is given to output port.

c) The readings of ammeter as I1 and Voltmeter as V1 are noted down.

4. Short circuiting input terminals (V1=0):

b) Supply is given to output port.

c) The readings of ammeters as I1& I2 are noted down.

5. The Z, Y, ABCD, Hybrid parameters are calculated using formulae and verified with theoretical

values.

23

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

24

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

V1 I2 V2 V1 I1 V2

S.No. S.No.

I2 I1 V2 V1 I1 I2

S.No. S.No.

Result Table:

Z Parameters Y Parameters

Theoretical

Practical

Theoretical

Practical

25

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

26

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

27

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No:5

Apparatus :

1. Ammeter

2. Rheostats

3. DC Power Supply

4. Multimeter Digital

Theory:

In any linear bilateral network containing two or more energy sources the response at any

element is equal to the algebraic sum of the responses caused by the individual sources.

While considering the effect of individual sources, the other ideal voltage sources and ideal

current sources in the network are replaced by short circuit and open circuits respectively, across the

terminals. This theorem is valid only for linear systems.

In any linear bilateral network containing the response at any branch (or) transformation ratio is

same even after interchanging the sources.i.e. V/ I1 = V/ I2

Theoretical Calculations:

28

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

Superposition Theorem:

1. The circuit is connected as shown in fig (1).

2. Both the voltages V1 and V2 applied and the current through load resistor is noted as IX.

3. Supply voltage V2 is replaced with short circuit and V1 is applied as shown in fig (2) and the current

through load resistor is noted down as IY.

4. Supply voltage V1 is replaced with short circuit and V2 applied as shown in fig (3) and the current

through load resistor is noted down as IZ.

5. It can be verified that IX = IY + IZ theoretically and practically which proves Superposition theorem.

Reciprocity Theorem:

1. The circuit is connected as shown in fig (1).

2. The ammeter reading is noted down as I1.

3. Now the source and ammeter are interchanged as in fig (2).

4. The ammeter reading is noted down as I2..

5. It can be veried that Vs/ I1 = Vs/ I2 theoretically and practically which proves Reciprocity theorem.

29

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit Diagrams of Superposition Theorem:

+

IX A

+ _ +

VS1 VS2

− _

Fig-1

+ +

IY A IZ A

_ _ +

+

VS1 VS2

_

−

Fig-2 Fig-3

+

+

I1 A + VS

+ _ −

I2 A

VS _

−

Fig-1 Fig-2

30

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

Superposition Theorem

When both the sources are acting: fig (1) When V1 source alone is acting: fig (2)

VS1 VS2 VS1 VS2

IX IX IY IY

Theoretical Practical

VS1 VS2

IZ IZ

Reciprocity Theorem:

Vs I1 Vs/ I1 I1 Vs/ I1

Vs I2 Vs/ I2 I2 Vs/ I2

31

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

32

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt. No.6

Aim: To verify maximum power transfer theorem on DC with Resistive load theoretically and

practically.

Apparatus :

1. Ammeter

2. Voltmeter

3. Rheostats

4. DC Power Supply

5. Multimeter Digital

6. Double Pole Double Throw Switch

6. Connecting wires as per need

Theory:

Theorem Statement

It states that the maximum power is transferred from the source to the load, when the load

resistance is equal to the source resistance.

Theoretical Calculations:

Formulae required:

Vth

Theoretical I L =

R L + R th

33

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit Diagrams:

+

VS RL Rth

⎯

DMM

Fig-1 Fig-2

IL

+ _

A

+ DMM RL

VS

_

+

+

VS V Vth

⎯ _

Fig-4

Fig-3

34

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

IL

+ _

A

+ DMM RL

VS

_

Fig-5

Model Graph:

PL

Pm

RL corresponding to Pm RL

35

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. RL is varied in steps and the reading of ammeter IL is noted down in each step.

3. The circuit is connected as shown in fig (2) and the effective resistance Rth is measured with

it.

6. It can be verified that RL corresponding to maximum power from the graph is equal to the Rth

(which is nothing but source resistance RS) which proves the maximum power transfer theorem.

36

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

Tabular column:

S.No RL

Vth PL= IL2RL IL PL= IL2RL

IL =

RL +Rth

Model Calculations:

37

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

38

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt. No.7

Apparatus:

S.No Name of the equipment Range Type Quantity

1. Ammeter

2. Voltmeter

3. Rheostats

4. DC Power Supply

5. Digital Multimeter

6. Connecting wires as per need

Theory:

Any two terminal linear bilateral network containing of energy sources and impedances can be

replaced with an equivalent circuit consisting of voltage source Vth in series with an impedance, Zth.,

where Vth is the open circuit voltage between the load terminals and Zth is the equivalent impedance

measured between the two terminals with all the energy sources replaced by their internal impedances.

Any two terminal linear bilateral network containing of energy sources and impedances can be

replaced with an equivalent circuit consisting of a Current source IN in parallel with an impedance, ZN.,

where IN is the short circuit current across the load terminals and ZN is the equivalent impedance

measured between the two terminals with all the energy sources replaced by their internal impedances.

39

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit Diagrams:

+

+ A IL

VS _

−

RL

Fig-1

+ +

VS A IN

− _

Fig-2

+

+ V Vth

VS _

−

Fig-3

40

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

DMM Rth

VS= 0

Fig-4

Rth

+

A ILI +

+ _ A ILI

Vth _

− IN RN

RL

RL

Fig-5

Fig-6

41

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. DC voltage is applied to the circuit and the current IL flowing through the load is noted down.

3. Circuit is connected as shown in fig (2). DC voltage is applied the reading of Ammeter is noted

down as IN.

4. Circuit is connected as shown in fig (3). DC voltage is applied the reading of Voltmeter is

noted down as Vth.

5. The circuit is connected as shown in fig (4) and the effective resistance Rth / RN is measured

with the help of a multimeter.

6. Thevenin’s equivalent circuit is connected as shown in fig (5) and the ammeter reading is noted

down as IL1 .

7. Thevenin’s theorem can be verified by checking that the currents IL and IL1 are equal.

8. Norton’s equivalent circuit is connected as shown in fig (6) and the ammeter reading is noted

down as IL1 .

9. Norton’s theorem can be verified by checking that the currents IL and IL1 are equal.

Theoretical Calculations:

42

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

Thevenin’s Theorem:

Norton’s Theorem:

Vs IL IN RN IL 1 IL IN RN IL 1

Precautions:

Result:

43

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No: 8

Aim: To conduct an experiment on a D.C Shunt Generator and draw the magnetization

characteristics (Open Circuit Characteristics or OCC) and to determine the Critical Field

Resistance (RC) and Critical Speed (NC).

Apparatus:

1 Voltmeter M.C 0-500V 1

2 Ammeter M.C 0-2A 1

wound

4 Tachometer Digital - 1

Theory:

Open circuit characteristics or magnetization curve is the graph between the generated emf

(Eg) and field current (If) of a dc shunt generator. For field current is equal to zero there will be

residual voltage of 10 to 12V because of the residual magnetism present in the machine .If this is

absent then the machine can not build up voltage. To obtain residual magnetism the machine is

separately excited by a dc source. We can get critical field resistance (RC) and critical speed (NC)

from OCC.

Critical field resistance: It is the value of field rresistance above which the machine cannot build

up emf.

Critical speed: It is the speed below which the machine cannot build up emf.

44

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit diagram:

3 point starter

DPST Switch L F A DPST Switch

+ +

+

(0-2)A

400Ω/ + A

(0-300)V MC

1.7A

230 V MC V −

A DC

DC F A − F Exciter

Supply

M G

AA AA

FF

FF

− −

Fuse

Fuse

45

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. Motor is started with the help of Three Point starter and brought to its rated speed by varying

the field rheostat.

3. The Eg for If =0 is noted and the DPST switch on the DC Exciter side is closed.

4. The DC Exciter is varied in steps and the values of Field current (If) and corresponding

generated voltage (Eg) are noted down in each step, in both ascending and descending orders.

5. Average Eg is calculated from ascending and descending orders.

6. A graph is drawn between Eg & If. From the graph (OCC), Critical field resistance (RC) and

Critical (NC) speed are calculated.

Model Graph:

Eg (V)

R

Rf

A

Q

O C P If (A)

46

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Tabular column:

If (A) Eg (V)

Ascending Descending

order order

Calculations:

OA

Critical field Resistance, R C =

OC

PQ

Critical Speed, N C = × N rated

PR

47

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

48

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No : 9

Swinburne’s test

Aim: To perform no load test on a DC shunt motor and to predetermine the efficiencies of the machine

acting both as a motor and as a generator.

Equipment:

1 Voltmeter MC 0-250V 1

2 Ammeter MC 0-5A 1

3 Ammeter MC 0-2A 1

4 Rheostats Wire wound 400Ω/1.7A 1

Wire wound 100Ω/5A 1

Theory:

49

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit diagram:

MC

DPST Switch L A F

+

A

400Ω/ +

+ 1.7A (0-2)A

A MC

230 V V (0-250)V

MC −

DC A

−

Supply F

M

AA

FF

−

Fuse

DPST Switch

+

400Ω/ +

1.7A (0-2)A

A

MC

−

230 V

DC A

Supply +

M

V (0-250)V

MC

AA −

−

Fuse

50

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. Field rheostat is kept in minimum position and the motor is started with the help of 3-Point starter,

and is brought to rated speed by adjusting field rheostat.

3. The readings of both ammeters and voltmeter are noted down.

4. The efficiencies of the machine both as a motor and as a generator are calculated.

5. Graphs are drawn between output Vs efficiency for the Machine acting as a generator and as a

motor.

Model Graph:

η (%)

Generator

Motor

O

Output

51

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

No-Load Test Observation table:

IL0 If V N

Calculations:

From No-Load Test:

No - Load input = VI L0 =

No - Load Armature current = I L0 − I f =

2

No - Load Armature Cu loss = I a0 Ra =

2

Constant loss, WC = No - load input − No - load Armature Cu loss = VI L0 − I a0 R a =

∴ WC =

52

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Machine acting as Generator: V=230V, WC = , Ra= ,If = .

Voltage, Load current, Output, Armature Current, Armature Cu Loss Total Loss, Input, Efficiency

Pout = VIL I a = I L + I f I a Ra

V (Volts) IL (A) 2 2

WT = WC + I a R a (%),

S.No Pin = Pout + WT P

η = out × 100

Pin

53

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Machine acting as Motor: : V=230V, WC = , Ra= ,If = .

Voltage, Load current, Input, Armature Current, Armature Cu Loss Total Loss, Output, Efficiency

Pin = VI L I a = I L − I f

V (Volts) IL (A) 2 2

WT = WC + Ia Ra (%),

S.No I a Ra

Pout = Pin − WT η=

Pout

× 100

Pin

54

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Model calculation:

Let IL=

Motor input = VI L =

2

Total loss = WC + I a R a = WC + (I L - I f ) 2 R a =

Output

∴ Efficiency, η = × 100 =

Input

Let IL=

Generator Output = VI L =

2

Total loss = WC + I a R a = WC + (I L + I f ) 2 R a =

Output

∴ Efficiency, η = × 100 =

Input

55

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

Result:

56

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No: 10

Aim: To conduct Brake test on a DC Shunt motor. And to draw its performance curves.

Apparatus:

1. Voltmeter 0-250V M.C. 1

2. Ammeter 0-20A M.C 1

3 Ammeter 0-1/2A M.C 1

4 Rheostat 400Ω/1.7A Wire wound 1

5. Tachometer Digital type 1

6. Connecting wires

Theory:

57

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. Field rheostat is kept in minimum position and the motor is started with the help of 3-Point starter,

and is brought to rated speed by adjusting field rheostat.

3. By varying the load in steps, readings of ammeters, voltmeter, tachometer, spring balances, are

noted down.

4. Performance curves are to be drawn after completing the calculations.

Model graph:

Ia VS N

N VS Torque

Ia VS

Output VS η

O

58

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit diagram:

MC

DPST Switch L A F

+ A

400Ω/ + S1 S2

+ 1.7A

A (0-2)A

230 V V (0-250)V MC

DC MC A −

−

Supply F

M

AA

FF

−

Fuse

59

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Calculations Table: r= .

S.No Voltage, Line current, Speed, Spring balance Torque, Output, Input, Efficiency (%),

V (Volts) IL (A) N (rpm) readings (Kgs) T=9.81×( S1~ S2)×r

2 ΠNT Pin = VI L Pout

Pout = η= × 100

S1 S2 (N-m) 60 Pin

60

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Model calculation:

Precautions:

Result:

61

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No: 11

Aim: To conduct OC & SC tests on the given 1-Φ Transformer and to calculate its equivalent circuit

parameters and predetermine its Efficiency & Regulation.

Name plate details:

1-φ TRANSFORMER

Capacity 3KVA

I/P voltage 115V

I/P current 26A

O/P voltage 230V

O/P current 13A

Frequency 50Hz

Apparatus required:

1 Voltmeters 0-150V, 0-75V M.I 1, 1 No

2 Ammeters 0-2A, 0-15A M.I 1, No

2A, 150V, 60W, LPF Dynamo meter

3 Wattmeter 1, 1 No

15A, 50V, 600W, UPF

62

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

OC Test:

1. Connections are done as per the circuit diagram.

2. Supply is switched on and rated voltage is applied to the LV side by varying the Auto

transformer.

3. The readings of Ammeter, Voltmeter & Wattmeter are noted down.

SC Test:

1. Connections are done as per the circuit diagram.

2. Supply is Switched on and rated current is set through the HV winding by varying

the Auto transformer.

3. The readings of Ammeter, Voltmeter & Wattmeter are noted down.

Model graphs:

%Regulation %Efficiency

Power factor

Output power

63

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

DPST MI

Ph M L

A

V

C

V

50 Hz AC MI Circuit

Supply

N Variac 1 Φ -Transformer

3KVA, 230V/ (0-270)V 3KVA, 230V/ 115V

Fig -1

64

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

230V

DPST MI

Ph M L

A

V

C

1- Φ 230V (0-50)V

V

50 Hz AC MI Short

Supply Circuit

N Variac

3KVA, 230V/ (0-270)V 1 Φ -Transformer

3KVA, 230V/ 115V

Fig -2

65

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Observations:

O.C test: S.C test:

Calculations:

2 2

X 02 = Z 02 − R02 =

W0

Cosφ0 = =

V0 I 0

N 2 E2

IW = I 0Cosφ0 = K= = =

N1 E1

I m = I 0 Sinφ0 = X 02 R

X 01 = 2

= ; R01 = 022 =

K K

V0

R0 = =

IW

xV2 I 2Cosθ 2

Efficency = × 100

xV2 I 2Cosθ 2 + Wi + Wsc

V0

Xm = = Where, x = Fraction o f Full loa d current

Im

Wi = Iron losss = Wo , W sc = Cu loss = x Wsc 2

% Re gulation = × 100

V2

Wsc

R02 = 2

= (+ for Lag pf , − for Lead pf )

I sc

Where, Cosθ2 = Load pf

Vsc

Z 02 = =

I sc

66

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Calculations Table:

Predetermination of Efficiency:

Load Cu losses Total Losses O/P power I/P power η (%)

WCu = x 2Wsc WT = Wi + WSC = xV2 I 2 Cosθ 2 = Output + WT POutput

= × 100

PInput

x=0.1

¼Full load(x=0.25)

½ Full Load(x=0.5)

¾ Full Load(x=0.75)

Full Load(x=1)

Predetermination of Regulation:

% Regulation

Load pf

lag lead

I 2 R02Cosθ +I 2 X 02 Sinθ

0.6

% Re gulation = × 100

V2

(+ for Lag pf , − for Lead pf )

0.7 Where, Cosθ = Load pf

0.8

0.9

67

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Equivalent Circuit:

Considering the Step up transformer and Referred to LV side.

Ph Ph

Ro1 Xo1

V1 Ro

Xo

N N

Model Calculations:

68

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Precautions:

2) In OC test, rated voltage should be applied to the Primary of the Transformer.

3) In SC test, the Dimmer stat should be varied up to the rated load current only.

4) The Dimmer stat should be varied slowly & uniformly.

Result:

69

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Expt No: 12

Aim: To conduct Load test on the given 1-Φ Transformer and to calculate its, Efficiency & Regulation.

Name plate details:

1-φ TRANSFORMER

Capacity 3KVA

I/P voltage 115V

I/P current 26A

O/P voltage 230V

O/P current 13A

Frequency 50Hz

Apparatus required:

1 Voltmeters 0-150V, 0-75V M.I 1, 1 No

2 Ammeters 0-2A, 0-15A M.I 1, No

2A, 150V, 60W, LPF Dynamo meter

3 Wattmeter 1, 1 No

15A, 50V, 600W, UPF

70

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Procedure:

2. By varying the Auto transformer, rated voltage is applied to the input side of the

transformer and should be maintained constant throughout the experiment.

3. By varying the load in steps, readings of ammeter, voltmeter, and wattmeter are noted down in

each step.

71

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Circuit Diagram

(0-15)A

20A, 150V, 60W, LPF 115V 230V MI

DPST M L

Ph A

V

C

1- Φ 230V (0-150)V

V V

50 Hz AC MI (0-300)V

Supply MI

N Variac 1 Φ -Transformer

3KVA, 230V/ (0-270) V 3KVA, 230V/ 115V

Fig -1

72

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Calculations table:

Rated Secondary Voltage, V2=230V

Efficiency % Re gulation

Ι I2(A) (Watts)(wattmeter reading) =V2хI2 (Watts) POutput I

V2 (V) V2 − V2

η= ×100 = × 100

PInput V2

73

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

Model calculation:

Precautions:

1. The Dimmer stat should be kept at minimum O/P position initially.

2. Rated voltage should be maintained on the Primary of the Transformer.

3. The Dimmer stat should be varied slowly & uniformly.

Result:

74

EEE Dept, BVRIT. Electrical Engineering Lab

1. What is the principle of operation of a DC Generator?

19. Can we start the motor without using three point starter? If so, how?

Note: In addition to the above, students are supposed to know the basic theory and things related for

75

- Ec Mini Project Report Sem 4Uploaded byBiswanath Patro
- Application of Linear Differential Equation FinalUploaded byumer maqsood
- Impedance MatchingUploaded bymariyabme
- Modul Peka Science Year 5Uploaded byHelyza Hayes
- EMI and AC TYPE 1Uploaded bysanits591
- emi-6Uploaded byTirumalarao Pechetty
- UEEA 1243 - Circuit TheoryUploaded byDaniel Loh
- RL TransientUploaded byvamsi
- Quiz Force & Energy-2Uploaded bySue Suemanie Ee
- lecture_6Uploaded byBima Richardo Sihombing
- 1 2 3 a SIM ElectricalCircuits 2Uploaded byHarvirChima
- Ee101 Exam Questions With AnswerUploaded byTerise Sangalang
- AC Electric Circuits_16_Passive Filter CircuitsUploaded byMahmoud Basho
- Numericals on CapacitorsUploaded byYatn Bangad
- Circuit Theory(6)Uploaded bygfshhd
- Us 3390305Uploaded bydeepak_gupta_priti
- EENG223 Ch07 First Order CircuitsUploaded bycristiano ronaldo
- chap7Uploaded bysayed Tamir jan
- induc-difeqUploaded byAnnie Fuentes Andea
- EC II unit 3Uploaded byThiyagarajan Velayutham
- Slide Deck 1-DC AnalysisUploaded byPrithviraj Netke
- harmonic1(1).pdfUploaded byJL
- Practical 6Uploaded byDeep Patel
- DC_Network_Analysis_v01.pdfUploaded byJoseph Israel
- oe-17-26-23459Uploaded bythanh910
- TOPIC 1Uploaded bycaj7687
- lec29Uploaded bysknlndsa
- 45Uploaded byNaj Retxed Dargup
- Physics Chapter 1Uploaded byEmily Tan
- 4.nodal and mesh an(done)(1).docUploaded byMurad

- Dc Motor Drives FantasticUploaded bydivinelight
- 148798755_141841983.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Tunnel DiodesUploaded byBharat Arora
- DCM-M1-Ktunotes.in.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- PART_1_1001.pdfUploaded bylhan
- Controls Systems ExamplesUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- MotorUploaded bykiran_deshpande6868
- Final PE Lab Manual as on 14.11.11Uploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- UNIT5 Fundamentals of Communication EngineeringUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- EM Questions and Answers for Reference OnlyUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Electrical Engineering Objective Type Questions.pdfUploaded bysarathbabumj
- BEEE Question bank Unit 1,2.docxUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- BEEE_UIII.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- NEW NETWORK.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- digital electronics-1-1.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- 15ED11 MIUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Lec-43&44 SPWM Bipolar & Unipolar.compressedUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Lec-36 & 37 Half Bridge Inverter.compressedUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Lec-16 Three Phase Half Wave UncontrolledUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- BE-1-4-Ktunotes.inUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- viva.docxUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- NES_Limit_enhancement.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Phd Notification March 2019Uploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- ECE PEE SKYUP'S MEDIA.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- PEE 40 QUEUploaded byBnr Goud
- pee notes.pdfUploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala
- Principles of Electrical Engineering Question Bank (1)Uploaded byUpender Rao Sunkishala

- Lab 06 - Transformers in Parallel and 3-Phase TransformersUploaded bydivya1587
- Analog and Digital Two way Radios Comparison - Whitepaper by BearcomUploaded byandersonj752
- MarathonUploaded byKenna Semtec
- p is Tryck Apc40Uploaded byVamsi Krishna
- 8641-DSL-2730U_Datasheet_01(HQ).pdfUploaded byamrefat77
- AMSGB Power Transformer Brochure (Final 27.05.2010)[1]Uploaded byRamki Chandran
- Btech Degree 2013 Scheme 13Uploaded byBalagopal V
- FELCOM 15 SERVİS MANUALUploaded byAnıl Kahya
- Adc Atmega128Uploaded byM70AB2
- cameraUploaded byKarim Ibrahim
- Low Power Design of Asynchronous Fine-Grain Power-Gated LogicUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Micro ControllerUploaded bytariq76
- ADSP Lec 01.pdfUploaded bynoori734
- TelePCX User Console User GuideUploaded byAlex Huacón Díaz
- CV_Riza Nanda Juniar PramuditaUploaded byRizaaBakirrPramudita
- 45RELAY_ZELIO.pdfUploaded byAissaDjekidel
- ACI Hardware Install GuideUploaded byGopi Chowdary
- NXP Eval KitUploaded byshizghul89b
- Mifare Card ICUploaded byDyt Kaito'Kid
- wpt.pptUploaded bysrivaas131985
- MiCOM P44XUploaded byMahesh Yada
- 2-1415012-1 - Force Guided Relay SR2MUploaded by06111981
- 1.2.4.5 Packet Tracer - Network RepresentationUploaded byGovana Arista
- Real-Time ActiveGuard 2015Uploaded byInet Intelli
- DabUploaded byAlbert Gyurica
- Notes 7 - Waveguides Part 4 Rectangular and Circular WaveguideUploaded byNitin Kathuria
- Power System Lab Manual Original and ModifiedUploaded byanish1516
- Aborted PointsUploaded bySaravanan Gajendran G
- ASUS PRIME B450M-A User’s Manual ( English)Uploaded byEdwin Garcia H
- 5 Transformer ProtectionUploaded bySatya Vasu