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IOT BASED AIR QUALITY MONITORING AI ROBOT

INTRODUCTION:
Robotic technology appears to be everywhere in today’s
business environment from production lines to computer to automated
checkers at grocery stores. For years now, robots have worked tirelessly in
the shadows to increase or enhance the productivity of humans. Artificial
intelligence (AI) and robotics are a powerful combination for automating
tasks inside and outside of the factory setting. In recent years, AI has
become an increasingly common presence in robotic solutions, introducing
flexibility and learning capabilities in previously rigid applications.

Air pollution is perceived as a modern-day curse: a by-product of


increasing urbanization and industrialization. Air pollution occurs in indoor
(e.g. household) contexts and outdoor environments. Air pollution can be
defined as the emission of harmful substances to the atmosphere. Air
pollution has a range of negative impacts, including human health, damage
to ecosystems, food crops and the built environment. The World Health
Organisation (WHO) highlights air pollution as the greatest environmental
risk to human health (note that this is based on current risk- longer-term
environmental threats, such as climate change, may exceed this in the
future). It’s estimated to be the cause of seven million premature deaths
every year (4.3 million from ambient outdoor pollution, and 2.6 from
households.

OBJECTIVE:

 The main objective of our project is to create a semi


autonomous robot (“DREAM” )which can able to identify
the different types of harmful gases and to through
various sensor networks.
 Creating two modes of operation
1. Autonomous(AI)
2. self controlled
 These data’s can be used to visualize the amount of
harmful gases present in the atmosphere and to perform
necessary actions to overcome pollution.

WORKING PRINCIPLE:
The robot can be operated based on two modes of operation-
autonomous and self controlled .An Application will be used to perform these
actions .The application will be made in such a way that the user can
 Monitor the Robot
 retrieve data’s from the sensors
 change the modes of operation
 Get the real time images and videos
 Activating pollution controller device(future)
 Manual controllers
BLOCK DIAGRAM :
1.SELF CONTROLLED:

The bot will be provide with the Bluetooth/esp modules in


which the communication between the user and hardware takes place
.When the user press the key (which are predefined in the application) the
appropriate valus will be sent to robots recieveing section in which the bot
performs operation based on values received.The processing section is
powered by microcontrolles Mainly Arduino Uno ATmega 328p
Microcontroller. Motor drivers are used to control the direction of
motors.The bot is provided with a camera to manure the robots.
Various Air quality sensors,temperature sensors(DHT11) are
used to measure the concentration of gases presents
,humidity,temperature for continuosly monitoring the environment

2.AUTONOMOUS MODE:
The AI robot or computer gathers facts about a situation
through sensors or human input. The computer compares this information
to stored data and decides what the information signifies. The computer
runs through various possible actions and predicts which action will be
most successful based on the collected information.

Based on the above concept the algorithms are modified in


such a way that the robotic vehicle has an intelligence(AI) built in it such
that it guides itself whenever an obstacle comes ahead of it. It is based on
the principle of ultrasonic sensor. The ultra sonic sensor transmit a
ultrasonic pulse and receives through echo pin.The time taken for the
pulse is recorded.) based on the distance that are measured using the
sensor values the movement of the robot is decided automatically through
the system
DIAGRAM FOR (AUTONOMOUS MODE):

DIAGRAM FOR POLLUTION MONITORING:

Values from
various gas, microcontroller Data’s are sent through
temperatur Iot/Bluetooth modules to users
e, humidity
sensors.
OVERALL WORKING:

 Initially, the robot waits for the Bluetooth/esp modules to get synced and
once after receiving the signal from the appropriate device , the bot waits
for the input state.

 If state=0, then the robot works autonomously with the help of an


ultrasonic sensor.
 The movement of the Robot is solely depend on distance measured
through the ultrasonic sensor.

 If state=1, then the robot moves according to the input given by the
device that is synced via Bluetooth/internet .

 The input may also be voice or text.

 The users can monitor all data from the sensors by pressing the specified
button in application

 It also consist of a video/image capturing blocks(camera) to provide live


feed of the path the Robot is travelling.

FUTURE UPDATES:

AS(AIR SCRUBBER)SYSTEM can be introduced . An air


scrubber is a portable filtration system that removes particles, gasses, and/or
chemicals from the air within a given area. These machines draw air in from the
surrounding environment and pass it through a series of filters to remove
contaminants. Air scrubbers are especially important on restoration jobs where
airborne contaminants are present or will be created/disturbed during the
restoration process, such as mold, dust, asbestos, lead, chemical fumes, etc
If these contaminants are not removed, they will have a
negative effect on the indoor air quality (IAQ)
Air scrubbers help protect the health of users by providing a clean and healthy
environment

RESULTS:
From this project the real time air quality is measured using a robot and the
data’s can be monitored by user.