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Chapter 1: Number System

Page number: 1

Exercise 1A

Q1.

(i)

Solution:

9,018

(ii)

Solution:

54,073

(iii)

Solution:

3,02,506

(iv)

Solution:

20,10,008

(v)

Solution:

6,50,00,057

(vi)

Solution:

2,02,02,202

(vii)

Solution:

12,12,12,012

(viii)

Solution:

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Study Materials
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 to 12 (Math & Science)
Revision Notes for Class 6 to 12 (Math & Science)
RD Sharma Solutions for Class 6 to 12 Mathematics
RS Aggarwal Solutions for Class 6, 7 & 10 Mathematics
Important Questions for Class 6 to 12 (Math & Science)
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9, 10 & 12 (Math &
Science)
Important Formula for Class 6 to 12 Math
CBSE Syllabus for Class 6 to 12
Lakhmir Singh Solutions for Class 9 & 10
Previous Year Question Paper
CBSE Class 12 Previous Year Question Paper
CBSE Class 10 Previous Year Question Paper
JEE Main & Advanced Question Paper
NEET Previous Year Question Paper

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15,50,20,068

Q2.

(i)

Solution:

Sixty three thousand five

(ii)

Solution:

Seven lakh seven thousand seventy five

(iii)

Solution:

Thirty four lakh twenty thousand nineteen

(iv)

Solution:

Three crore five lakh nine thousand twelve

(v)

Solution:

Five crore ten lakh three thousand six hundred four

(vi)

Solution:

Six crore eighteen lakh five thousand eight

(vii)

Solution:

Nineteen crore nine lakh nine thousand nine hundred

(viii)

Solution:

Six crore fifteen lakh thirty thousand eight hundred seven

(ix)

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Solution:

Six crore sixty lakh sixty thousand sixty

Q3.

(i)

Solution:

110000  5 1000  7 100  6 10  81

(ii)

Solution:

3100000  0 10000  8 1000  9 100  2 10  7 1

(iii)

Solution:

2 1000000  4 100000  0 10000  5 1000  6 100  0 10  9 1

(iv)

Solution:
5 10000000  31000000  6 100000 110000  81000  4 100  9 10  31

(v)

Solution:

6 100000  0 10000  6 1000  0 100  0 10  6 1

(vi)

Solution:
9 10000000  11000000  0 100000  110000  01000  5100  110  01

Q4.

(i)

Solution:

62,584

(ii)

Solution:

5,81,623

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(iii)

Solution:

2,05,07,905

(iv)

Solution:

34,06,507

Q5.

Solution:

Place values of 9 are 1000000 and 100

Therefore, 1000000  100  999,900

Q6.

Solution:

Place value of 7 =1000000 and face value of 7 = 7

Therefore, 1000000  7  999,993

Q7.

Solution:

Largest 6-digit number = 9,99,999

Smallest 6-digit number= 1,00,000

Number of 6 digit numbers   999999  100000   1

 899999 1

 900000

= nine lakhs

Q8.

Solution:

Largest 7-digit number = 99,99,999

Smallest 7-digit number= 10,00,000

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Number of 7 digit numbers   9999999  1000000   1

 8999999  1

 9000000

= Ninety lakhs

Q9.

Solution:

1 lakh = 100 thousand

Q10.

Solution:

1 crore = 10000 thousand

Q11.

Solution:

Number obtained on reversing 738 = 837

 837  738  99

Q12.

Solution:

9547999  1  9548000

Q13.

Solution:

9900000 1  9899999

Q14.

Solution:

10000000 1  9999999

Q15.

Solution:

Placing 2 in units place possible numbers are 342 and 432,

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Placing 3 in units place possible numbers are 423 and 243,

Placing 4 in units place possible numbers are 234 and 324,

Therefore, required numbers are 342,432,423,243,234 and 324.

Q16.

Solution:

Smallest digit number is 10357.

Q17.

Solution:

Largest digit number is 964320.

Q.18

(i)

Solution:

735,821

Seven hundred thirty five thousand eight hundred twenty-one

(ii)

Solution:

6,057,894

Six million fifty seven thousand eight hundred ninety four

(iii)

Solution:

56,943,821

Fifty six million nine hundred forty three thousand eight hundred twenty-one

(iv)

Solution:

37,502,093

Thirty seven million five hundred two thousand ninety three

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(v)

Solution:

89,350,064

Eighty nine million three hundred fifty thousand sixty four

(vi)

Solution:

90,703,006

Ninety million seven hundred three thousand and six

Q19.

(i)

Solution:

30,105,063

(ii)

Solution:

52,205,006

(iii)

Solution:

5,005,005

Chapter 1: Number System


Page number: 5
Exercise 1B

1.

Solution:

1003467 > 987865

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2.

Solution:

3572014 <10235401

3.

Solution:

3254790<3260152

4.

Solution:

10357690 < 11243567

5.

Solution:

27596381 > 7965412

6.

Solution:

47893501 < 47894021

7.

Solution:

102345680  63521047  63514759  7355014  7354206

8.

Solution:

237942206  23756819  5032790  5032786  987876

9.

Solution:

16060666  16007777  1808090  1808088  190909  181888

10.

Solution:

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1712040  1704382  1702497  201200  200175  199988

11.

Solution:

990357  9873426  9874012  24615019  24620010

12.

Solution:

5694437  5695440  56943201  56943300  56944000

13.

Solution:

700087  8014257  8014306  8015032  10012458

14.

Solution:

893245  893425  980134  1020216  1020304  1021403

Chapter 1: Number System


Page number: 8
Exercise 1C

Q1.

Solution:

Number of persons in first year= 13789509

Number of persons in second year=12976498

Total number of persons visited during two years= 13789509 12976498  26766007

Q2.

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Solution:

Number of sugar bags produced by 1st factory =24809565

Number of sugar bags produced by 2nd factory =18738576

Number of sugar bags produced by 3rd factory = 9564568

Total number of bags produced by all the three factories =


 24809565  18738576  9564568  53112709
Q3.

Solution:

Required number =  37684955 +3615045  41300000

Q4.

Solution:

Votes received by 1st candidate=687905

Votes received by first 2nd candidate=495086

Votes received by 3rd candidate=93756

Invalid number of votes = 13849

Number of persons did not votes = 25467

Total votes registered= 687905  495086  93756  13849  25467  1316063

Q5.

Solution:

Number of peoples having primary education= 1623546

Number of people having primary education= 9768678

Number of people having higher education= 6837954

Number of illiterate people = 2684536

Number of children below age of school admission = 698781

Total population of the State =


1623546  9768678  6837954  2684536  698781  21613495

Q6.

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Solution:

Bicycles produced in 1st year= 8765435

Bicycles produced more in 2nd year= 1378689

Total bicycles produced in 2nd year= 8765435 1378689  10144124

Total bicycles produced in both the years= 10144124  8765435  18909559

Q7.

Solution:

Sale receipt during 1st year= Rs. 20956480

Sale receipt produced more during 2nd year= Rs. 6709570

Sale receipt in 2nd year = 20956480  6709570  27666050

Total sale receipt = 20956480  27666050  48622530

Q8.

Solution:

Total population of city = 28756304

Number of males= 16987059

Number of females = 28756304 16987059  11769245

Q9.

Solution:

13246510  4658642  8587868

Q10.

Solution:

10000000  5643879  4356121

Q11.

Solution:

11010101  2635967  8374134

Q12.

Solution:

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1st number = 8967519

Sum of numbers =10750308

2nd number = 10750308  8967519  1782789

Q13.

Solution:

Total money =20000000

Money spent on school land= 13607085

Money left = 20000000 13607085  6392915

Q14.

Solution:

Total money required= 18536000

Money collected as membership fee= 7253840

Money lend by bank = 2937680

Money required= 18536000  7253840  2937680  2669030

Q15.

Solution:

Total money man had = 10672540

Money gave to wife= 4836980

Money gave to son= 3964790

Money left for daughter = 10672540  4836980  3964790  1870770

Q16.

Solution:

Cost of 1 chair = 1485

Cost of 469 chairs= 1485  469  Rs.696465

Q17.

Solution:

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Money contributed by 1 student = 625

Total money from collected 1786 students= 625 1786  Rs.1116250

Q18.

Solution:

Screws produced in a day= 6985

Screws produced in 358 days= 6985  358  2500630

Q19.

Solution:

Money saved per month = 8756

Money saved in 13 years or 156 months= 8756 156  Rs.1365936

Q20.

Solution:

Cost of one scooter= 36725

Cost of 487 scooters = 36725 487  Rs.17885075

Q21.

Solution:

Distance covered in 1 hour = 1485km

Distance covered in 72 hours = 1485  72  106920km

Q22.

Solution:

Product of two numbers = 13421408

1st number = 364

2nd number = 13421408  364  36872

Q23.

Solution:

Cost of 36 flats= 68251500

Cost of 1 flat = 68251500  36  Rs.1895875

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Q24.

Solution:

Mass of cylinder with gas = 30kg 250g

Mass of cylinder without gas= 14kg 480g

Mass of gas contained in cylinder= 30.250  14.480  15kg 770 g

Q25.

Solution:

Total length of cloth = 5m

Length of cloth cut = 2m85cm

Remaining piece of cloth = 5  2.85  2m15cm

Q26.

Solution:

length required of 1 shirt = 2m75cm

Total length of cloth required for 16 shirts= 2.75 16  44m

Q27.

Solution:

length of cloth for 8 trousers = 14m80cm

Length of cloth for 1 trouser = 14.80  8  1m85cm

Q28.

Solution:

Mass of 1 brick= 2kg 750g

Mass of 14 bricks= 2.750 14  38kg 500 g

Q29.

Solution:

Total mass of 8 packets = 10kg 600g

Mass of 1 packet = 10.600  8  1kg 325 g

Q30.

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Solution:

Total length of rope= 10m

Length of I piece of rope = 10  8  1m25cm

Chapter 1: Number System

Page number: 14

Exercise 1D

Q1.

(a)

Solution:

36 estimated to nearest ten = 40

(b)

Solution:

173 estimated to nearest ten = 170

(c)

Solution:

3869 estimated to nearest ten = 3870

(d)

Solution:

16378 estimated to nearest ten = 16380

Q2.

(a)

Solution:

814 estimated to nearest hundred = 800

(b)

Solution:

1254 estimated to nearest hundred = 1300

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(c)

Solution:

43126 estimated to nearest hundred = 43100

(d)

Solution:

98165 estimated to nearest hundred = 98200

Q3.

(a)

Solution:

793 estimated to nearest thousand = 1000

(b)

Solution:

4826 estimated to nearest thousand = 5000

(c)

Solution:

16719 estimated to nearest thousand = 17000

(d)

Solution:

28394 estimated to nearest thousand= 28000

Q4. Round each of the following numbers to the nearest ten thousand:

(a)

Solution:

17514 estimated to nearest ten thousand = 20000

(b)

Solution:

26340 estimated to nearest ten thousand = 30000

(c)

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Solution:

34890 estimated to nearest ten thousand = 30000

(d)

Solution:

272685 estimated to nearest ten thousand= 270000

Q5.

Solution:

57 is estimated to nearest ten = 60

34 is estimated to nearest ten=30

Hence, required estimation = (60  30)  90

Q6.

Solution:

43 is estimated to nearest ten = 40

78 is estimated to nearest ten=80

Hence, required estimation = (80  40)  120

Q7.

Solution:

14 is estimated to nearest ten = 10

69 is estimated to nearest ten=70

Hence, required estimation = (10  70)  80

Q8.

Solution:

86 is estimated to nearest ten = 90

19 is estimated to nearest ten=20

Hence, required estimation = (90  20)  110

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Q9.

Solution:

95 is estimated to nearest ten = 100

58 is estimated to nearest ten=60

Hence, required estimation = (100  60)  160

Q10.

Solution:

77 is estimated to nearest ten = 80

63 is estimated to nearest ten=60

Hence, required estimation = (80  60)  140

Q11.

Solution:

356 is estimated to nearest ten = 360

275 is estimated to nearest ten=280

Hence, required estimation = (360  280)  640

Q12.

Solution:

463 is estimated to nearest ten = 460

182 is estimated to nearest ten=180

Hence, required estimation = (460  180)  640

Q13.

Solution:

538 is estimated to nearest ten = 540

276 is estimated to nearest ten=280

Hence, required estimation = (540  280)  820

Estimate each sum to the nearest hundred:

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Q14.

Solution:

236 is estimated to nearest hundred = 200

689 is estimated to nearest hundred=700

Hence, required estimation = (200  700)  900

Q15.

Solution:

458 is estimated to nearest hundred = 500

324 is estimated to nearest hundred=300

Hence, required estimation = (500  300)  800

Q16.

Solution:

170 is estimated to nearest hundred = 200

395 is estimated to nearest hundred=400

Hence, required estimation = (200  400)  600

Q17.

Solution:

3280 is estimated to nearest hundred = 3300

4395 is estimated to nearest hundred=4400

Hence, required estimation = (3300  4400)  7700

Q18.

Solution:

5130 is estimated to nearest hundred = 5100

1410 is estimated to nearest hundred=1400

Hence, required estimation = (5100  1400)  6500

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Q19.

Solution:

5130 is estimated to nearest hundred = 10100

1410 is estimated to nearest hundred=29400

Hence, required estimation = (10100  29400)  39500

Estimate each sum to the nearest thousand:

Q20.

Solution:

32836 is estimated to nearest thousand= 33000

16466 is estimated to nearest thousand= 16000

Hence, required estimation= (33000  16000)  49000

Q21.

Solution:

46703 is estimated to nearest thousand = 47000

11375 is estimated to nearest thousand=11000

Hence, required estimation = (47000  11000)  58000

Q22.

Solution:

Balls in box A can be estimated to nearest ten=50

Balls in box B can be estimated to nearest ten=80

Hence, total estimation of balls in both the boxes= 50  80  130

Estimate each difference to the nearest ten:

Q23.

Solution:

53is estimated to nearest ten = 50

18 is estimated to nearest ten=20

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Hence, required estimation = (50  20)  30

Q24.

Solution:

97is estimated to nearest ten = 100

38 is estimated to nearest ten=40

Hence, required estimation = (100  40)  60

Q25.

Solution:

409is estimated to nearest ten = 410

148 is estimated to nearest ten=150

Hence, required estimation = (410  150)  260

Q26.

Solution:

678 is estimated to nearest hundred = 700

215 is estimated to nearest hundred=200

Hence, required estimation = (700  200)  500

Q27.

Solution:

957 is estimated to nearest hundred = 1000

578 is estimated to nearest hundred=600

Hence, required estimation = (1000  600)  400

Q28.

Solution:

7258 is estimated to nearest hundred = 7300

2429is estimated to nearest hundred=2400

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Hence, required estimation = (7300  2400)  4900

Q29.

Solution:

5612 is estimated to nearest hundred = 5600

3095 is estimated to nearest hundred=3100

Hence, required estimation = (5600  3100)  2500

Q30.

Solution:

35863 is estimated to nearest thousand= 36000

27677 is estimated to nearest thousand= 28000

Hence, required estimation = (36000  28000)  64000

Q31.

Solution:

47005 is estimated to nearest thousand= 47000

39488 is estimated to nearest thousand= 39000

Hence, required estimation = (47000  39000)  8000

Chapter 1: Number System


Page number: 14
Exercise 1E

Q1.

Solution:

38 is estimated to nearest ten = 40

63 is estimated to nearest ten=60

Hence, required estimation = (40  60)  2400

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Q2.

Solution:

54 is estimated to nearest ten = 50

47 is estimated to nearest ten=50

Hence, required estimation = (50  50)  2500

Q3.

Solution:

28 is estimated to nearest ten = 30

63 is estimated to nearest ten=60

Hence, required estimation = (30  60)  1800

Q4.

Solution:

42 is estimated to nearest ten = 40

75 is estimated to nearest ten=80

Hence, required estimation = (40  80)  3200

Q5.

Solution:

64 is estimated to nearest ten = 60

58 is estimated to nearest ten=60

Hence, required estimation = (60  60)  3600

Q6.

Solution:

15 is estimated to nearest ten = 20

34 is estimated to nearest ten=30

Hence, required estimation = (20  30)  600

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Q7.

Solution:

376 is estimated to nearest ten = 380

123 is estimated to nearest ten=120

Hence, required estimation = (380 120)  4560

Q8.

Solution:

264 is estimated to nearest ten = 360

147 is estimated to nearest ten =150

Hence, required estimation = (360 150)  54000

Q9.

Solution:

423 is estimated to nearest ten = 420

158 is estimated to nearest ten =160

Hence, required estimation = (420 160)  67200

Q10.

Solution:

509 is estimated to nearest ten = 510

179 is estimated to nearest ten=180

Hence, required estimation = (510 180)  91800

Q11.

Solution:

392 is estimated to nearest ten = 400

138 is estimated to nearest ten=140

Hence, required estimation = (400 140)  56000

Q12.

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Solution:

271 is estimated to nearest ten = 280

339 is estimated to nearest ten=340

Hence, required estimation = (280  340)  95200

Q13.

Solution:

183 is estimated upwards = 200

154 is estimated downwards=100

Hence, required estimation = (300 100)  30000

Q14.

Solution:

267 is estimated upwards = 300

146 is estimated downwards =100

Hence, required estimation = (300 100)  30000

Q15.

Solution:

359 is estimated upwards = 400

76 is estimated downwards =70

Hence, required estimation = (400  70)  2800

Q16.

Solution:

472 is estimated upwards = 500

158 is estimated downwards =100

Hence, required estimation = (500 100)  50000

Q17.

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Solution:

680 is estimated upwards = 700

164 is estimated downwards =100

Hence, required estimation = (700 100)  70000

Q18.

Solution:

255 is estimated upwards = 300

350 is estimated downwards =300

Hence, required estimation = (300  300)  90000

Q19.

Solution:

356 is estimated downwards = 300

278 is estimated upwards=300

Hence, required estimation = (300  300)  90000

Q20.

Solution:

472 is estimated downwards = 400

76 is estimated upwards=100

Hence, required estimation = (400 100)  40000

Q21.

Solution:

578 is estimated downwards = 500

278 is estimated upwards=200

Hence, required estimation = (500  200)  100000

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Chapter 1: Number System

Page number: 15

Exercise 1F

1.

Solutions:

87 can be approximately equal to 90

28 can be approximately equal to 30

Hence required approximation= 90  30  3

2.

Solutions:

83can be approximately equal to 80

17 can be approximately equal to 20

Hence required approximation= 80  20  4

3.

Solutions:

75 can be approximately equal to 80

23 can be approximately equal to 20

Hence required approximation= 80  20  4

4.

Solutions:

193 can be approximately equal to 200

24 can be approximately equal to 20

Hence required approximation= 200  20  10

5.

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Solutions:

725 can be approximately equal to 700

23 can be approximately equal to 20

Hence required approximation= 700  20  35

6.

Solutions:

275 can be approximately equal to 300

25 can be approximately equal to 30

Hence required approximation= 300  30  10

7.

Solutions:

633 can be approximately equal to 600

33 can be approximately equal to 30

Hence required approximation= 600  30  20

8.

Solutions:

729 can be approximately equal to 700

29 can be approximately equal to 30

Hence required approximation= 700  30  23

9.

Solutions:

858 can be approximately equal to 900

39 can be approximately equal to 40

Hence required approximation= 900  40  23

10.

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Solutions:

868 can be approximately equal to 900

38 can be approximately equal to 40

Hence required approximation= 900  40  23

Chapter 1: Number System

Page number: 19

Exercise 1G

Q1.

(i)

Solution:

II

(ii)

Solution:

VIII

(iii)

Solution:

XIV

(iv)

Solution:

XXIX

(v)

Solution:

XXXVI

(vi)

Solution:

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XLIII

(vii)

Solution:

. LIV

(viii)

Solution:

. LXI

(ix)

Solution:

LXXIII

(x)

Solution:

LXXXI

(xi)

Solution:

XCI

(xii)

Solution:

XCV

(xiii)

Solution:

XCIX

(xiv)

Solution:

CV

(xv)

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Solution:

CXIV

Q2.

(i)

Solution:

CLXIV

(ii)

Solution:

CXCV

(iii)

Solution:

CCXXVI

(iv)

Solution:

CCCXLI

(v)

Solution:

CDLXXV

(vi)

Solution:

CXCVI

(vii)

Solution:

DCXI

(viii)

Solution:

DCCLIX

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Q3.

(i)

Solution:

27

(ii)

Solution:

34

(iii)

Solution:

45

(iv)

Solution:

54

(v)

Solution:

74

(vi)

Solution:

91

(vii)

Solution:

96

(viii)

Solution:

111

(ix)

Solution:

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154

(x)

Solution:

224

(xi)

Solution:

265

(xii)

Solution:

414

(xiii)

Solution:

464

(xiv)

Solution:

506

(xv)

Solution:

766

Q4.

(i)

Solution:

V is never subtracted.

(ii)

Solution:

I can be subtracted from V and X only.

(iii)

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Solution:

V, L, D are never repeated.

(iv)

Solution:

IX cannot occur to the left of X.

CHAPTER 1 NUMBER SYSTEM

Page Number 20

EXERCISE 1H
OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

Q1.

Solution:

(c) 600000

Q2.

Solution:

(a) 4

Q3.

Solution:
(c) 49995

Q4.

Solution:

(b) 1

Q5.

Solution:

(b) 9000

Q6.

Solution:

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(b) 9000000

Q7.

Solution:

(c) 90000000

Q8.

Solution:

(b) 999999

Q9.

Solution:

(a) VX

Q10.

Solution:

(c) IC

Q11.

Solution:

(b) XVV

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