Tourist Attractions in Aihole - The riverbank village of Aihole is scattered with many number of abandoned temples, built between

450 and 650 A.D. They appear as architectural workshop site during the rule of early Chalukyan kings. The kings had a guild of architects, artists, and artisans working for them. The construction style is a combination of Gupta (north India), Dravidian and Buddhist architecture. The chief attraction among these, built along the lines of a Buddhist chaitya (prayer hall), is Durga Temple, with its magnificent circular colonnaded veranda studded with stunning sculptures and intricate carving. In contrast to this there is the Jain Meguti Temple situated atop a nearby hill. This perhaps was the last temple to be built in Aihole in the year 634 A.D. as per inscriptions. The main sightseeing spots in Aihole include:

Kontigudi group and the Galaganatha group of temples
The prominent temple groups here are the Kontigudi group and the Galaganatha group of temples, although historians have divided all the temples into 22 groups. A group of three temples is referred to as the Kontigudi group of temples. One of these is the Lad Khan temple, named after a mendicant that lived in this temple in the 19th century, the Huchiappayyagudi temple and the Huchiappayya math.

Lad Khan Temple
Lad Khan Temple consists of a shrine with two mantapas in front of it. The shrine bears a Shiva lingam. The mukha mantapa in front of the sanctum has a set of 12 carved pillars. The Sabha mantapa in front of the mukha mantapa has pillars arranged in such a manner as to form two concentric squares. There are also stone grids on the wall carrying floral designs.

Huchappayyagudi Temple
Huchappayyagudi Temple has a rounded tower (shikhara) over the sanctum (unlike the Lad Khan temple). The interior of the temple has beautiful carvings.

Huchimalligudi Temple
Huchimalligudi Temple at Aihole, built in the 7th century shows an evolution in the temple plan, as it shows an ardhamantapam or an ante-chamber annexed to the main shrine.

Galaganatha group of temples
The Galaganatha Temples' group is one of nearly thirty temples on the bank of the river Malaprabha. The main shrine of the Galaganatha temple enshrining Shiva - Galaganatha has a rounded tower or shikhara, and has images of Ganga and Yamuna at the entrance to this shrine.

Durga fortress temple
The DurgaTemple or fortress temple is the best known of the Aihole temples. A pillared corridor runs around the temple, enveloping the shrine, the mukhamantapa and the sabhamantapa. All through the temple, there are beautiful carvings. The temple appears to be of the late 7th or early 8th century.

Meguti Jain Temple
Meguti Jain Temple stands on a hillock. It is the only dated monument built in 634 A.D. The temple sits on a raised platform, and a flight of steps leads one to the mukhamantapa. The pillared mukhamantapa is a large one. A flight of stairs leads to another shrine on the roof, directly above the main shrine. From the roof, one can have a panoramic view of the plain with a hundred temples or so. The temple which was possibly never completed gives important evidence of early development in Dravidian style of architecture. The dated inscription found on the outer wall of the temple records the construction of the temple by Ravikeerthi, a scholar in the court of emperor Pulakeshi II.

Ravanaphadi temple
Ravanaphadi temple is a rock cut temple, with a rectangular shrine, with two mantapas in front of it and a rock cut Shivalinga. This temple dates back to the 6th century. Ravanphadi cave is located south-east of Hucchimalli temple. This is a Shaivite cave temple with a sanctum larger than that of the Badami cave temples. The sanctum has a vestibule with a triple entrance and has carved pillars.

Gowda temple
Gowda temple is built on similar lines as the Ladh Khan temple. It has sixteen plain pillars and is dedicated to goddess Bhagavathi.

Suryanarayana Temple
Suryanarayana Temple has a 2 ft. high statue of Surya along with his consorts Usha and Sandhya being drawn by horses. The temple dates from the 7th or 8th century, has a four pillared inner sanctum and a nagara style tower over it.

Aihole Musuem
The Museum & Art Gallery is a sculpture gallery maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India in the Durga Temple complex.

Travel Tips
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Do carry a flashlight as the some of the temple interiors are dark. The entry at the main gate of temple complex is free.

Caryy suncreens also. The temple derives its name from a Muslim mendicant Ladh Khan. enveloping the shrine.• • • • • • There is an entrance fee to Durga Temple. The sabhamandapa in front of the mukhamandapa has pillars arranged in such a manner as to form two concentric squares. . the mukhamandapa and the sabhamandapa. Scooped out of rocks. The site can be visited during the day time (dawn to dusk). A pillared corridor runs around the temple. it is best if you combine his with Aihole and Pattadkal since they are closeby. Wear loose cotton clothes as it is humid in this region. The composite temple structure comprises a high moulded adisthana. Ladh Khan Temple One of the most ancient temples in Aihole. On the ceiling of the chamber connecting the front square mandapa and the main shrine are carvings of Lord Vishnu on his Garuda Vaahanam. who used to live in the temple premises in the 19th century. dotted with numerous temples. On your Badami holiday tour. Caps and Goggles protect you from the Sun. Ravanaphadi Temple Tours to Aihole would be incomplete without a visit to the Ravanaphadi temple. a central lotus design and Indraa on his Airaavatam. a mukha mandapa. the Durga temple resembles a Buddhist chaitya for its apsidal plan. this temple dates back to the second half of the 7th century. There may be entrace fees to the Cave temples and / or some other sites Aihole tours would help you explore the landscape of Aihole. Carry water or juices to keep yourself hydrated Hats. The mukhamandapa in front of the sanctum has a set of 12 carved pillars. The rectangular shrine has two mandapams in front of it and a rock cut Shivalingam. the Ladh Khan temple consists of a shrine with two mandapams in front of it. sabha mandapa and a shikhara over the garba griha. Durga Temple Best known of the Aihole temples. The pillars are ornamented with intricate carvings of Siva on his Rishaba vaahnam and Vishnu on his Garuda vaahanamon one side and Vaarahar and Mahishasura Mardini trampling the buffalo demon on the other side.

HISTORY The Chalukya Dynasty was founded by Pulakesin I. the Meguti temple has an inscription on its foundation stating that it was built in the year 634 CE. From a historic standpoint. came under the Mughal rule. Aihole became a part of the Bahmani and other local Muslim dynasties.549 (1981 Census) 4 sq km 593 meters October to March INTRODUCTION All across Karnataka. Pattadakal. Nowhere is this more evident than at Aihole in Northern Karnataka. LOCATION Aihole is situated on the banks of river Malaprabha. This inscription also contains a reference to the poet Kalidasa. and other places. or the Great Lion. The roof of the mukhamandapa is an ideal vantage point to have a panoramic view of the plain with a hundred or more temples. The early Chalukya dynasty was ousted by its own district officers.Meguti Jain Temple Perched atop a hillock. in AD 543. In all likelihood. TOURISTS ATTRACTIONS . and a flight of steps leads one to the mukhamandapa. Plan your trip to Aihole in India with us and fix your date with history. FACTS & FIGURES Population Area Altitude Best Season 2. Aihole is a glorious part of India and a trip to this great center of medieval Indian art and architecture would make you aware of a great heritage. They have left their imprint on the land. the Rashtrakutas in AD 757. The cave temple of Ravana Phadi stands all by itself backed against the rocky hill out of which it has been carved. Aurangzeb annexed the Deccan and made it a part of the Mughal Empire and Aihole. In the 17th century. This period saw the construction of great architectural wonders not only at Aihole but the whole region including Badami. the Meguti Jain temple sits on a raised platform. his family were feudatories of the earlier Kadamba dynasty before they declared their independence from their former lords. as a part of that region. invaders. conquerors and dynasties have come and gone. its people and their folkways. Later on.

there are some old structural temples around the lake.5 km and is hewn out of solid rock. Pattadakal is famous for its 150 temples constructed within a radius of 48 km by the Chalukya kings. Today. Badami was once the capital of the Chalukya kings and the place is famous for many Hindu and Jain rock-cut cave shrines. Kashivishvanatha. Other interesting monuments include the Rang Mahal. Gaggan Mahal. audience halls. it is a hamlet. Bijapur is a large town with the Gol Gumbaz rising like a humpbacked monarch above the trees. Some historians believe that this was never intended to be a temple but a village meeting place built to resemble a thatched hall. large and small. royal baths. The ancient fort at Bidar has a length of 5. a huge college (madarsa) constructed in 1472. It is a very impressive structure. It is also likely that the early Chalukyan architects created these two shrines when they first attempted to build structural temples for the Hindus to worship in. Then there is image of the fearsome Mahishasuramardini or the Mother Goddess Durga destroying the demon Mahisha. There are about a hundred shrines. Gulbarga was the first capital of the Bahmanis and the main attractions here are the tomb of Hazrat Khwaja Band Nawaz Gesu Daraz and a mosque in the old fort. The main Aihole temple complex is some distance away. Assa Mahal. dominating the town even from a distance. and water gardens in the style of West Asia. which is not only the most decorated monument in Aihole. Other monuments include the Ibrahim Roza built in 1626. WHERE TO STAY . the Barid tombs. which once held 37 bastions and seven gates. but it is also famous as an imitation of a Buddhist rock-cut chaitya hall. There is also the unusual Lad Khan temple. Apart from the cave shrines. Jambulinga. Bahmani tombs. At one time. each better than the other. There are around four caves. The famous ones are the Papanatha. the Taj Baoli. This cave is well worth a long visit. pleasure pavilions. and All Saints Church. PLACES AROUND AIHOLE Mohammed Shah Wali of Bahmani Dynasty selected Bidar as his capital in 15th century.The sculptures here are superb. dotted all across this abandoned capital of the Chalukyas though only a few of them are in the fenced area. and the Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil-Ullah. and Virupaksha. But the Gol Gumbaz is only one of the many impressive monuments in Bijapur. Sangamesvara. though fenced out of the area protected by the Archeological Survey of India. particularly the beautiful dancing Shiva who seems to be trembling with motion. Of particular interest is the Durg Temple. Aihole was a thriving trading town with a guild of 500 merchants. Galganatha. Mallikarjuna. Bara Khamba.

You can pick the one that suits you most.We offer excellent accommodation facilities in and around Aihole. search Durga Temple at Aihole Aihole Location of Aihole . Aihole From Wikipedia. Tourism-of-India.com offers various tour packages to make your visit comfortable. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. Tourismof-India.com provides complete information about tourism in Aihole.

Aihole is to the east of Pattadakal.[1] Contents [hide] • 1 History o 1.in Karnataka and India Coordina tes District(s ) Time zone Bagalkot IST (UTC+5:30) Codes[show] • Pincode • 587138 • Telephone • +08351 Aihole (Kannada ಐಹೊಳ) is a temple complex in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka. . It is a very popular tourist spot in north Karnataka. while Badami is to the west of both. along the Malaprabha River. India.1 Aihole inscription • • • • • • 2 Early Chalukya Style of Architecture 3 Tourism 4 See also 5 References 6 Articles and Travelers' experiences 7 External links [edit] History Main articles: Chalukya dynasty and Badami Chalukya Architecture Early inscriptions call this town Ayyavole and Aryapura. Aihole has its own historical significance and is called as cradle of Hindu rock architecture. Aihole has the potential to be included as a UNESCO World heritage site. Many temples and caves of historical importance can be found at Aihole.

The first phase of temple building in Aihole dates back to the 6th century CE.[4] Aihole inscription of Pulakesin II mentioned as akrantatma-balonnatim Pallavanam patim.[5] . the second phase up to the 12th century CE. It is from these temples that the Chalukyas gained their experience and went on to build the great temples of Pattadakal. in Sanskrit language and old Kannada script. moved the capital to Badami nearby. Badami was then known as Vatapi.[2] Here they built over 125 temples in various styles and is said to be a laboratory of experiments in rock cut architecture. The famous Badami Chalukyas King Pulakeshi II (during 610-642 A. The Shilalekh of Ravikirti in praise of Pulakeshi[3] is still available in Meguti temple. Pulakesi I. [edit] Aihole inscription Chalukya Territories during Pulakeshi II c.) was follower of Jainism. The conflict of the two powers before the campaign of Pulakesin II against the Pallavas. In Aihole inscription which mentioning achievements of Pulakeshi II.E. Aihole was the first capital of the early Chalukyas. Aihole inscription dated 634 CE. in Sanskrit language and old Kannada script . that means the Pallavas had attempted to nip in the bud the rise of the Badami Chalukyas. he defeated king Harshavardhana.D. one of the greatest rulers of this dynasty. that all the scholars have relied on this inscription related to Mahabharath War and Kaliyuga.Poetry on stone at the Meguti temple (Aihole inscription) dated 634 CE. 640 C. Inscription which prepared by Pulakeshi II (634 AD) found in the Jain Temple at Aihole. Some temples were even built as early as the 5th century CE.

In the Aihole inscription referred that Mangalesha's (Paramabhagavat) victory over the Kalachuris and the conquest of Revatidvipa. In short. According to the Aihole inscription of Pulakeshin II.1997). Aihole Aihole. . mentioned about his new administration (navarajyam geyye). and. The usage of Deccan style is in their balcony seating. flat roofs.[9] The artisans graduated to the full fledged Chalukya style of architecture.[10] Usage of curved towers decorated with blind arches came from northern India. Pilastered walls with panel inserts are a southern Indian style. angled eaves and sloping roofs. The experimentation with different styles was undertaken by the artisans. Typical features unique to Badami Chalukyas architecture include mortarless assembly. The artisans worked on the rocks to create the earliest rock cut shrines.[6] In inscription of Amoghavarsha I found at Aihole. was the cradle of ancient Hindu temple architecture.[7] [edit] Early Chalukya Style of Architecture Konti Gudi at Aihole Inside the Ravana Phadi cave. richly carved ceilings. they artistically brought together the prevailing styles in their neighbourhood to create the Chalukya style. due to Mangalesa's attempt to secure the succession for his own son. an emphasis on length rather than width or height. which was the end of Mangalesha's reign. The early Chalukyas inherited architectural styles largely from their neighbours to the north and south of their kingdom. a civil war between Mangalesha and Pulakeshin II.[8] It has more than 70 temples. and elaborately carved columns and ceilings (George Michell.

The aesthetic sensibility of sculpture from this period also seems to retain a certain classical quality whose impulse does not carry over into later periods of Indian art (Susan Huntington. which tend to be isolated from each other rather than arranged in crowded groups. 1985). [edit] Tourism Lad Khan Temple at Aihole Galaganatha Group of Temples at Aihole Temple tank at Aihole .sculpturally. an emphasis on relatively few major figures.

The windows are filled with lattice style which is a north Indian style. The sabhamantapa in front of the mukha mantapa has pillars arranged in such a manner as to form two concentric squares. • • . The temple is built in a Panchayat hall style. One of these is the Lad Khan temple(The oldest temple at Aihole is the Lad khan temple dating back to the fifth century[8]). although historians have divided all the temples into 22 groups. named after a mendicant that lived in this temple in the 19th century . indicating a very early experiment in temple construction. The mukha mantapa in front of the sanctum has a set of 12 carved pillars. another the Huchiappayyagudi temple and the Huchiappayya math. A group of three temples is referred to as the Kontigudi group of temples. • Lad Khan temple[11] consists of a shrine with two mantapas in front of it. built in the 7th century shows an evolution in the temple plan. The temple was built in late 7th or early 8th century.Ravana Phadi cave at Aihole Temple at Aihole The prominent temple groups at Aihole are the Kontigudi group and the Galaganatha group of temples. The shrine bears a Shiva lingam. There are also stone grids on the wall carrying floral designs. Huchimalli (gudi) temple at Aihole. The interior of the temple has beautiful carvings. Huchappayya (gudi) temple has a curvilinear tower (shikhara) over the sanctum (unlike the Lad Khan temple). as it shows an ardhamantapa or an ante-chamber annexed to the main shrine.

This temple dates back to the 6th century. a high moulded adisthana and a tower . This is a Shaivite cave temple with a sanctum larger than that of the Badami Cave Temples. There is a Shivalinga in the inner room or sanctum sanctorum.curvilinear shikhara. directly above the main shrine. enveloping the shrine. The temple which was possibly never completed gives important evidence of early development in dravidian style of architecture. It is apsidal in plan. A flight of stairs leads to another shrine on the roof. and has images of Ganga and Yamuna at the entrance to this shrine. a scholar in the court of emperor Pulakeshi II. The Museum & Art Gallery is a sculpture gallery maintained by • • • • • • . with two mantapas. is located south east of Hucchimalli temple. Gowda temple is built on similar lines as the Ladh Khan temple but earlier. along the lines of a Buddhist chaitya. Durga temple or fortress temple is the best known of the Aihole temples and is very photogenic. one can have a panoramic view of the plain with a hundred temples or so. The walls and sides of the temple are covered with large figures including dancing Shiva. The temple sits on a raised platform. the mukhamantapa and the sabhamantapa. All through the temple. It is the only dated monument built in 634. From the roof. Suryanarayana temple has a 0. The pillared mukhamantapa is a large one. with a rectangular shrine. The dated inscription found on the outer wall of the temple records the construction of the temple by Ravikeerthi. and a flight of steps leads one to the mukhamantapa. The sanctum has a vestibule with a triple entrance and has carved pillars. A pillared corridor runs around the temple. The main shrine of the Galaganatha temple enshrining Shiva .6 m high statue of Surya along with his consorts Usha and Sandhya being drawn by horses. there are beautiful carvings. It has sixteen plain pillars and is dedicated to goddess Bhagavathi. has a four pillared inner sanctum and a nagara style tower over it. Ravana Phadi cave is one of the oldest rock cut temples in Aihole.• Galaganatha group temples is one of nearly thirty temples on the bank of the Malaprabha River.Galaganatha has a curvilinear shikhara. The temple dates from the 7th or 8th century. The temple appears to be of the late 7th or early 8th century. Meguti Jain temple stands on a hillock.

Pattadakal Pattadakal From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. search Pattadakal — town — Group of monuments At Pattadakal .the Archaeological Survey of India in the Durga Temple complex.

They were designated a World Heritage Site in 1987. The group of 8th century CE monuments in Pattadakal are the culmination of the earliest experiments in the vesara style of Hindu temple architecture. Indo-Aryan) styles of temple architecture.Pattadakal Location of Pattadakal in Karnataka and India Coordina tes Country State District(s ) Nearest city Time zone India Karnataka Bagalkot Badami IST (UTC+5:30) Pattadakal (Kannada . . The town displays both Dravidian (Southern) and the Nagara (Northern. It is 22 km from Badami and about 10 km from Aihole.ಪಟದಲುಲ) is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka The town lies ಟ ಕ on the banks of the Malaprabha River in Bagalkot district of North Karnataka region.

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal* .1 Group of monuments in Pattadakal • • • • 4 See also 5 Articles and Travelers' experiences 6 External links 7 References [edit] World Heritage site Kashivishvanatha temple at Pattadakal.Contents [hide] • • 1 World Heritage site 2 History o o 2. Scientific and Cultural Organisation) in 1987 included Pattadakal[1] in its list of World Heritage sites.2 Kannada Inscription • 3 Tourism o 3.1 Chalukya style of architecture 2. Karnataka UNESCO (United Nations Educational.

733–745 CE . [edit] History Old Kannada inscription on victory pillar.UNESCO World Heritage Site State Party Type Criteria Reference Region** India Cultural iii. Pattadakal. iv 239 Asia-Pacific Inscription history Inscription 1987 (11th Session) * Name as inscribed on World Heritage List. Virupaksha Temple. ** Region as classified by UNESCO.

[edit] Kannada Inscription At Virupaksha Temple. and evolved their own distinctive style. [edit] Tourism [edit] Group of monuments in Pattadakal The group of monuments in Pattadakal[2][3][4][5] was designated a World Heritage Site in 1987. The temple closely resembles the Kailashnatha temple in Kanchi which served as a model for this temple. being closely followed by . The Virupaksha temple is rich in sculptures like those of lingodbhava. 4 are in Nagara style and 6 are in Chalukya style. Architects experimented with different styles. there is 8th (733–745 CE) century Old Kannada inscription on victory pillar at Pattadakal. the capital of the Chalukya dynasty of Southern India. There are 10 temples here.Pattadakal. • Virupaksha Temple Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal The best known is the Virupaksha temple. who built the temples in the seventh and eighth centuries. Nataraja. blended the Nagara and Dravidian styles. in the middle of the 7th century. four in Nagara style of Northern India and the Papanatha temple in mixed style. by Krishna I) dynasty in Ellora.[1] The Chalukya style originated in Aihole (450 CE). There are ten temples including a Jain sanctuary surrounded by numerous small shrines and plinths. and The University of architecture is Pattadakal. At Pattadakal. Virupaksha is the earliest dated temple with the sukanasika. Badami a Degree College. temple building activity shifted from Badami to Pattadakal. built by Queen Lokamahadevi (Trilokyamahadevi)in 745 to commemorate her husband's victory (Vikramaditya II) over the Pallavas of Kanchi. The Virupakhsa temple in turn served as an inspiration for the Kailashnatha (Kailash Temple) temple built by the Rashtrakuta (During 757 -783 A. [edit] Chalukya style of architecture Aihole is considered a School of Architecture.D. Ravananugraha and Ugranarasimha. Four temples were built in Dravidian style. the Chalukya kings were crowned.

The main vimana is of three storeys. it has no sukanasika. Kashi Vishwanatha temple in Nagara style . • Mallikarjuna Temple Mallikarjuna Temple is a smaller version of the Virupaksha temple and was built by Vikramadiyta's second queen Trilokyamahadevi in 745. On the outer wall there is Ugranarasimha. The second storey being an upward projection of the inner wall. Nataraja sculptures. The temple is in Dravidian style and it consists of a Sanctum. Mallikarjuna temple in Dravidian style. with a 4 storeyed vimana with a circular griva and sikhara. While the outer wall encloses the covered circumambulatory round the sanctum. Inner passage and a Hall. • Sangameshvara Temple Sangameshvara temple 725 CE Pattadakal Sangameshwara Temple (was called Vijayewara) is oldest temple in Pattadakal.the Mallikarjuna temple. This temple is also was constructed by Rani Trilokyamahadevi to celebrate the victory (by Vikramaditya II) over the Pallavas. Mallikarjuna and Kasivisvanatha temples at Pattadakal. The lowermost storey is surrounded by two walls. built 740 CE • Kashivisvanatha Temple Kasivisvesvara temple was the last to be built in early Chalukya style. Both the Sangamesvara temple and the Virupaksha temple are similar to each other in being square on plan from the base to sikhara. The Mallikarjuna temple was built immediately after and close to the Virupaksha temple (It has a similar plan). built by Chalukya King Vijayaditya Satyashraya ( 696-733 AD). This temple was built by the Rashtrakutas in the 8th century.

Temple contains a sculpture of Lord Shiva killing the demon Andhakasura. Papanatha temple at Pattadakal • Papanatha temple is built in the vesara style dated to 680.• Kadasiddhesvara and Jambulingeswara' temples Kadasiddhesvara and Jambulingeswara temples both attributed to 7th century A.D. • Jain Temple Jain Temple located on the Pattadakal-Badami Road. The temple was started in nagara style but later changed to a more balanced Dravidian style. This temple has many similarities with the Navabrahma temples in Alampur. It has some very beautiful sculptures & probably dates from the 9th century and was built by either King Amoghavarsha I or his son Krishna II. Sculptures here speak of scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharatha. Kadasiddeshvara temple which has a sculpture of Shiva holding a Trident or Trishul in his hands and its twin temple. is built in the Dravidian style by the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta. Jain Narayana temple at Pattadakal • Galganatha temple Galaganatha temple was built a century later in the architecture style of Rekha Nagara Prasada. Andhra Pradesh. Museum of the Plains and Sculpture gallery is maintained by the Archeological Survey of India on the Bhutanatha temple • . the Jambulinga Temple are all built in Nagara style and resemble the Hucchimalli' Guddi at Aihole. which were also built by Badami Chalukyas.

road. Naganatha temple. Other important monuments here are the monolithic stone pillar bearing inscriptions. Chandrashekara temple and inscriptions in the Mahakuteshwara temple. .

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