The Hanafis and the Malikis are of the view that when `Eid occurs on Friday, it becomes obligatory

to perform both `Eid and Friday Prayer, for one of them cannot replace the other. The Hanbalis are of the view that he who performs `Eid Prayer can be exempted from performing Friday Prayer. This does not apply to an Imam if there is a sufficient ... See Morenumber of people to perform Friday Prayer in which case it becomes obligatory for them to perform it. If the number of people is not sufficient for Friday Prayer, then Friday Prayer is not obligatory. In a narration, Ahmad is reported to have said: “If Friday Prayer is performed at the beginning of the day before noon, then that can replace `Eid Prayer.” The view of the Shafi`is is that `Eid Prayer is only sufficient for people of villages whose number falls short of those required for Friday Prayer and they have to go to another place, village or town to perform Friday Prayer. They quote the saying of `Uthman Ibn `Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “O people! You have two festivals in one day. Whoever of the people of `Aliyah (a village near Madinah) wants to perform Friday Prayer with us, can do so, and whoever wants to leave, is allowed to.” In conclusion, the whole issue is controversial. However, the soundest and the most opinion is that performing `Eid Prayer is sufficient to give one an exemption from performing Friday Prayer. This applies to people residing in rural areas as well as those living in suburban sides. The traditions that have been cited by scholars for granting the above concession are not at all of a status that can be considered as unquestionable. This fact has always remained a major point of contention in dividing the scholarly opinion on this issue. One of the most popular ones cited in this respect is that reported by Abu Dawud on the ... See Moreauthority of Abu Hurairah, which states that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “In this day two `Eids have fallen concurrently, so if anyone wishes to skip the Jumu`ah he may do so, but we are holding the Jumu`ah anyway.” The hadith belongs to the category of mursal traditions (hadith with a broken chain of narrators), and, therefore, does not belong to the category of a well attested tradition of the first degree. However, after having examined the various isnads (chains of transmissions) and similar reports on the issue, Imam Ibn Hajar has concluded that the above report can be considered as being worthy of citation. Whoever prayed the Eid prayer on Friday, it is permitted for him not to attend the Friday prayer on that day, except for the Imam, for he is obliged to perform it for whoever wishes to attend it -be they from among those who attended the Eid prayer , or those who did not attend it . If no one attends the Friday prayer , he is relieved of its ... See Moreobligation and he should offer the Zhur prayer. In saying this, the scholars cite as evidence the narration of Abu Dawud in his Sunan, on the authority of Iyyas bin Abi Ramlah Ash-Shami, who said : I witnessed Mu'awiyyah bin Abi Sufyan, may Allah be pleased with him , asking Zaid bin Arqam: Did you witness two Eids falling on the same day with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhe was salaam ? He said : Yes . He asked : " And what did he do ? He replied : " He offered the Eid prayer , then he gave permission for those who wished, to perform the Friday prayer , saying : Whoever wants to pray, then let him pray . (Abu Dawud no . 1070) Also cited as evidence is the narration

2 Pgs 453-454 Eid and Jumu’ah Coinciding on the Same Day By 'Alee Al-halabee & Saleem Al-Hilaalee .of Abu Dawud in his Sunan.’’ It also shows that if for any (permissible) reason. 1474) ad-Daarimee (no. Aboo Hurairah and others report from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). He prayed on the day of Jumu’ah two rak’ahs in the morning and he did not add to them until he prayed the ’Asr Prayer . so whoever wished. but that the Imam is not excused. 1620) Ahmad (4/372) transmit from Iyaas Ibn Abee Ramlah as-Shaamee who said: ‘‘I witnessed Mu’aawiyah Ibn Abee Sufyaan . so he said: ‘‘He who wishes to pray Jumu’ah then let him do so and he who wishes to sit then let him do so. may Allah be pleased with him. Also cited as evidence is the narration of Muslim. an-Nisaa‘ee (3/194). . and in the Musannaf of ’Abdur-Razzaaq (no. on the authority of An-Nu'man bin Bashir.Have you witnessed the coinciding of two ’Eeds on the same day with the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)? He replied: ‘Yes..’’ Ash-Shawkanee said in Naylul-Awtaar (3/348) after this narration: ‘‘It is apparent that he did not pray Dhuhr Prayer. from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhe was salaam . because he sallallahu alayhe was salaam said : And we are offering the Friday prayer. Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts Fatawa Ismaiyah Vol... and Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Musannaf (2/187) with a authentic chain of narration from ’Alee Ibn Abee Taalib that two ’Eeds coincided on the same day. in accordance with the evidences which prove that it is obligatory to offer the Zhur prayer for those who do not attend the Friday Prayer .. the Jumu’ah Prayer is cancelled it is not obligatory for the person for whom it has be cancelled to pray the Dhuhr Prayer and ’Ataa‘ held this opinion.( Abu Dawud no 1074) This proves that it is allowed on Fridays for those who have attended the Eid prayer not to perform the Friday prayer . 1072). 1310).’’ And in Saheehul-Bukhaaree is a similar narration from ’Uthmaan (radiyallaahu ’anhu). it will siffice him instead of the Friday prayer. ’Abdur-Razzaaq reports in his Musannaf (3/305). he must pray it as Zhur . and we are offering the Friday prayer. See More Aboo Dawood (no. Muhammad and upon his family and Companions. The Companions also act according to this. Ibn Maajah (no. Ibn Khuzaymah (no. 1070).’ So he said: ‘What did he do?’ He replied: ‘He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prayed ’Eed and then gave permission not to pray Jumu’ah. And may peace and blessings be upon our Prophet.’’ [104] In this area. let them pray. that the Prophet sallallahu alayhe was salaam used to recite Surah Al-A'la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah in the Eid prayers and the Friday prayers and he might have prayed both of them one day and recited them in both prayers ( Muslim no 878) So whoever does not attend the Friday prayer from among those who have prayed the Eid prayer. and said: ‘He amongst you who desires to pray. 5725) with an authentic chain of narration from Ibn Zubayr that he said: ‘‘Two ’Eeds coincided on the same day and so they were both joined together by making them one. on the authority of Abu Hurairah. may Allah be pleased with him. which states that he said : Two Eids have fallen on this day. In Sunan Aboo Dawood (no.

Volume 8. . Deputy Head: Shaykh 'Abdur-Razzaaq 'Afeefee. Page 504. Page 179. Jumu’ah. And with Allaah lies all the success. 556 Scholars.Volume 4..he gave a fatwa that the Jumu'ah and Zuhr prayer are "dropped" (not obligatory) if one attended the `Eed prayer whether it is the imaam or (any of) the congregation. have differed over whether the Friday Prayer remains an obligation on adult males or not. And it is permissible for one who attended the `Eed prayer to leave off the Jumu'ah and instead perform the Zuhr prayer... and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.. Fatwa No.imah lil-Buhooth al-'Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. Fatwa No. These are the . do you pray the Jumu'ah (prayer) with its khutbah on that day or not? Response: That which is legislated for the Muslims if the `Eed coincides with Friday is to pray the `Eed prayer and the Jumu'ah prayer in the masaajid (plural of masjid) where the Jumu'ah prayer is (normally) held. What to do when `Eed coincides with Friday By The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa Question: . Shaykh Ibn Baaz Majmoo' Fataawa Samaahatu ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz . and that is the Jumu’ah Prayer.e. For certainly he is not relieved of this obligation except if the people do not gather for the Jumu'ah (prayer). Response: If the `Eed coincides with Friday.. either due to a permissible excuse or otherwise is in need of evidence and there is no evidence which is worthy of being adhered to from that which I know. comprising Head: Shaykh 'Abdul 'Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz. You are well aware of what He obligated over his servants on the day of Jumu’ah.2140 What to do when `Eed coincides with Friday By Shaykh Ibn Baaz Question: If any of the two `Eeds fall on a Friday (Jumu'ah). in the occasion that Eid falls on Friday.Thus it is apparent that those who hold this opinion are those who say that the Jumu’ah Prayer is the origin. past and present. Member: Shaykh 'Abdullaah Ibn Qu'ood Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa. The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa. Thus making the Dhuhr Prayer obligatory upon a person who leaves it i. then attendance to the Jumu'ah prayer for anyone who attended the `Eed prayer is "dropped" (not obligatory) except for the imaam.

Shu’ba. That is better for you. If there are any reports that the Prophet made an exception they should be confirmed by more than one Companion because this is not something that would only be heard by one person. So whoever from amongst the people of the outskirts[4] of Madinah wants to wait for the Friday Prayer. Reasoning behind Opinion #1 The verse in the Qur’an ordering people to pray the Friday Prayer is crystal clear: َ ُ َْ َ ْ ُ ْ ُ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ٌ ْ َ ْ ُ َِ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ ّ ِ ْ ِ َِ ْ َ ْ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ْ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ّ ِ َ ِ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ّ َ ّ َ َ ‫يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا نودي للصلة من يوم الجمعة فاسعوا إلى ذكر ال وذروا البيع ذلكم خير لكم إن كنتم تعلمون‬ ِ “O you who believe: When the Prayer is called for Friday hasten toward the remembrance of Allah and leave your business. and other statements of the Prophet about the necessity of Friday Prayer. Muwatta’) . if only you knew.. and whoever wants to return (home). See More Opinion 3: Whoever performs Eid is exempted from the obligation of Friday prayer. Awza’i[3]. This is a day where two Eids have fallen on the same day. Reasoning behind Opinion #2 There is an authentic report that indicates that the second Khalifah.” (Bukhari. Now we will present the evidence and reasoning for these opinions. Sayyid Sabiq. are not to be overridden by any reports (ahadith) which indicate something different unless they are of rigorous authenticity. This is the opinion of: Abu Hanifa[1]. Nakh’i.” (62:9) The commandment in this verse. He prayed before the sermon (khutbah) then gave a speech and said: ‘O people. they may. This is the opinion of: Ahmad.three opinions and who held them: Opinion 1: Whoever prays Eid must also pray the Friday prayer if it is normally binding on him. I have given them permission. Also.. Malik. and Ibn Taymiyah. and Shafi’i[2]. gave permission for some people to skip the Friday Prayer: ْ َ ٌ ْ َ َ َ ّ ِ ُ ّ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ّ ُ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َّ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َ َِ َ َ َ َ ّ َ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِ َ ّ ُ ‫ثم شهدت العيد مع عثمان بن عفان فكان ذلك يوم الجمعة فصلى قبل الخطبة ثم خطب فقال يا أيها الناس إن هذا يوم قد‬ ‫اجْتمع لكم فيه عيدان فمن أحب أن ينتظر الجمعة من أهل العوالي فلينتظر ومن أحب أن يرجع فقد أذنت له )البخاري‬ ُ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ِ ْ َ ْ َ ّ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ِ َْ ََْ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ِ َْ َ ْ َ ّ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫والموطأ واللفظ للبخاري‬ “…then I witnessed the Eid with Uthman ibn ‘Affan. and that was on Friday. Opinion 2: People living in isolated areas coming from out of town to attend the Eid prayer are exempted from the Friday Prayer. Uthman.. there should be no reason for one obligation to drop because of another.

Then he came out and gave a sermon. Reasoning behind Opinion #3 There is evidence which indicates that the Friday Prayer is optional when Eid falls on a Friday: ْ َ ٌ ْ َ َ َ ّ ِ ُ ّ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ّ ُ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َّ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َ َِ َ َ َ َ ّ َ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِ َ ّ ُ ‫ثم شهدت العيد مع عثمان بن عفان فكان ذلك يوم الجمعة فصلى قبل الخطبة ثم خطب فقال يا أيها الناس إن هذا يوم قد‬ ‫اجْتمع لكم فيه عيدان فمن أحب أن ينتظر الجمعة من أهل العوالي فلينتظر ومن أحب أن يرجع فقد أذنت له )البخاري‬ ُ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ِ ْ َ ْ َ ّ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ِ َْ ََْ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ِ َْ َ ْ َ ّ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫والموطأ واللفظ‬ “Two Eids were on the same day during the time of Ibn az-Zubayr. When the day of Eid and Friday would come together on the same day he would still read both of them in both prayers. [3] Ibn Qudama. they should take some time out of their celebrations to celebrate the praise of Allah. And Allah knows best. However. Abu Dawud. This was then mentioned to Ibn ‘Abbas who said: ‘He has acted according to the Sunnah [the way of the Prophet]’” (an-Nasa’i) Conclusion Clearly. there is a legitimate difference of opinion over the issue. [2] Nawawi. [4] The word used is “al-‘awali” which refers to people living about one or two miles from the masjid in Madinah. He delayed people from coming out until the daylight had spread. Since the ruling did not apply to everyone. Nasa’i) Considering the fact that this Eid al-Adha not only falls on a Friday but on Thanksgiving weekend where most people are off from work. — [1] This opinion is attributed to him by his student Muhammad ash-Shaybani in his narration of al-Muwatta’. al-Mughni. Refer to Abdul Hayy al-Lacknawi’s commentary on alMuwatta’ known as at-Ta’liq al-Mumajjad for more details . and made it long.Uthman clearly only excused the people who lived outside of Madinah. it must only be those people who live on the outskirts of the city and rural areas that are allowed the option of praying the Friday prayer. it should be kept in mind that it is a fact that the Messenger of Allah used to pray it.” (Muslim. Then he descended and prayed while the people did not pray the Friday Prayer on that day. and obviously this implies that he had a group with him because you can’t pray the Friday Prayer alone: َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ُ ِ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َْ َْ َ ّ َ َ ْ ِ ّ َ ِ ِ َ ُ ُ ْ ِ َ ِ ْ َ ِ ْ ِ َُ ْ َ َ َّ َ ِ ْ ََ ّ َّ ّ ُ ُ َ َ َ ‫بكان رسول ال صلى ال عليه وسلم يقرأ في العيدين وفي الجمعة بسبح اسم ربك العلى وهل أتاك حديث الغاشية قال‬ ُ ِ ِ ْ ََ ّ ‫وإذا اجتمع العيد والجم َة في يوم واحد يقرأ بهما أيضا في الصلتين‬ ِ ً ْ َ َ ِ ِ َُ ْ َ ٍ ِ َ ٍ ْ َ ِ ُ ‫َِ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ْ ُ ُع‬ “The Prophet used to read surah al-A’la and al-Ghashiyah in the two Eid Prayers and the Friday Prayer. Tirmidhi. al-Majmu’.

Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan Praise be to Allaah. As for the imaam.. See More Just to let everyone know. This is what is being referred to in these narrations. similarly. Jum'ah is also not Wajib on them. with slight variations.. The Jumu’ah prayer should not be forsaken completely on this day.' He was addressing the bedouins and villagers because. And Allah Knows Best. If he does not pray Jumu’ah. we have to remember that just as how Eid Salat is not Wajib on those living out of the city. he has to pray Zuhr. Looking at all these narrations. (Tahtawi pg. It was. while others not accepting them as Authenthic. this is one of the opinions of the madhab of Imam Ahmed (Rahimullah). This is in the case of people other than the imaam. as we know.Praise be to Allaah. Since Jummua'h was not Waajib on them. used to come to Madinah and gather for the Eid Salaat. If he does not pray Jumu’ah. Secondly the sharh (commentaries) on the hadith explain the situation a little more clearly. The other three madhabs (Hanafi's. therefore. If the day of Eid coincides with Friday..meaning its one of the opinions in the hanbali madhab. The Jumu’ah prayer should not be forsaken completely on this day. Maliki's and Shafi's) state that Jum`ah is still an obligation if Eid falls on a Friday. then whoever prays Eid with the imaam does not have to attend Jumu’ah (it is not obligatory on him). This is in the case of people other than the imaam. etc. for them to stay behind till Jum'ah was a long wait and would be difficult for them... is performed a little after sunrise in the morning.The Eid Salat. See More If the day of Eid coincides with Friday. in his case it becomes Sunnah. As for the imaam. villages. he has to be present for Jumu’ah and lead those Muslims who attend the prayer.. in his case it becomes Sunnah. . he has to pray Zuhr. 'Whomsoever wishes he may perform Jum'ah Salaat and whosoever wishes he may return.some considering them Sahih. The narrations which mention this it is not an obligation have been disputed by the Ulema of Hadith. difficult for these villagers to stay behind in the city after performing the Eid Salat and wait for Jum'ah.. . During the time of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) people from outside the city of Madinah living in the farmlands and villages. then whoever prays Eid with the imaam does not have to attend Jumu’ah (it is not obligatory on him). one narrations says that Prophet (Upon Him Be Peace) said. he has to be present for Jumu’ah and lead those Muslims who attend the prayer. on farms..288). At this point.

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