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Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Basic Mechanical Engineering
MCQ
Manufacturing Processes
1. The upper limit of working temperature depends upon------
a) Composition of metal b) prior deformation c) impure within the metal d) all of the above
2. During hot working process -00-----
a) Grain structure is refined
b) Physical properties of the metal are
c) No residual stresses are introduced in the metal
d) all of the above
3. In hot working process------
a) Porosity of the metal is minimized
b) large deformation can be accomplished rapidly
c) impurities in the metal are disintegrated and distributed
d) all of the above
4. ---------are the drawbacks of hot working process.
a) Rapid oxidation or scale formation takes place
b) surface layer loses its strength
c) Close tolerances cannot be obtained
d) all of the above
5. If the material is more -------, it can be more cold worked.
a) Ductile b) brittle c) Tough d) stiff
6. In cold working process-------
a) Better dimensional control is possible
b) Surface finish of the component is better
c) Strength and hardness of metal are increased
d) all of the above
7. ------ are the drawbacks of cold working process.
a) Reduction inductility b) Only ductile materials can be shaped
c) To remove residual stresses, heat treatment is required d) all of the above
8. ---------leads to distortion of grains.
a) Hot working b) Cold working c) Casting d) Welding
9. --------- increases ultimate tensile strength, yield strength and fatigue strength.
a) Hot working b) Cold working c) Casting d) Welding
10. ---------reduces corrosion resistance, impact strength and elongation.
a) Hot working b) Cold working c) Casting d) Welding
11. -------Is generally associated with press machines and press working.
a) Sheet metal working b) Cold working c) Hot working d) Casting
12. -------- is a chip less manufacturing process by which various components are produced form sheet metal.
a) Cold working b) Hot working c) Press working d) All of the above
13. In press working the thickness of sheet metal varies from ------.
a) 0.1 to 10 mm b) 5 to 10 mm c) 1 to 5mm d) 2 to 8 mm
14. Press machine consists of ------.
a) Frame which supports ram b) frame which supports bed
c) Mechanism for operating the ram d) all of the above
15. The ram of press is equipped with-------whereas-------is attached to the bed.
a) Punch and frame b) punch and die block
c) Frame and die block d) none of the above
16. The punch and die block assembly of press is called as----
a) Ram b) crank c) die d) connecting rod
17. Die of press machine is also called as ----.
a) Die block b) die set c) punch d) ram
18. ------. Is a moving part which enters in the die cavity?
a) Ram b) punch c) Die block d) crank
19. In sheet metal working, the metal sheet is kept on------.
a) Die block b) punch c) ram d) crank
20. In sheet metal working there is always some clearance between the---------.
a) Punch and ram b) ram and die block c) punch and die block d) all of the above.
21. All the operations in sheet metal are performed at-------temperature.
a) Recrystallization b) room c) melting d) all of the above
22. In sheet metal operations die block is -------part and punch is -----part.
a) Stationary and stationary b) moving and stationary
c) Stationary and moving d) moving and moving
23. Sheet metal working is associated with-----.
a) Lathe machine b) press machine c) grinding machine d) welding machine
24. In sheet metal working---------.
a) Skilled labour in not required b) production rate is high
c) Components are having low cost d) all of the above
25. For sheet metal working ------.
a) Cost of die is high b) cost of machine is high c) operating noise and vibrations are more
d) all of the above
26. Vehicle parts like doors, roofs, fuel tanks, etc. can be produced by------.
a) Casting b) sheet metal working c) forging d) all of the above
27. The components produced by sheet metal working are used in---.
a) Aircraft industry b) automobile industry
c) Radio and telephone industry d) all of the above
28. In sheet metal cutting operations the metal gets sheared hence they are also called as-------.
a) Shearing operations b) bending operations c) forming operations d) none of the above
29. In ----- operations the sheet metal is stressed beyond its ultimate strength.
a) Forming b) cutting c) bending d) drawing
30. In ------- operations the stresses are below the ultimate strength of the metal.
a) Cutting b) punching c) forming d) All of the above
31. ----- are the metal cutting operations.
a) Blanking and piercing b) Notching and slitting c) Notching and shaving d) All of the above
32. ---- are the metal forming operations.
a) Bending b) Drawing and embossing c) Forming and squeezing d) All of the above
33. ------ are the metal cutting operations.
a) Bending b) piercing c) Forming d) None of the above
34. ------is the cutting operation and the article punched out is wastage.
a) Blanking b) piercing c) perforating d) bending
35. ------- is the cutting operation and the article punched out is the required product.
a) Blanking b) piercing c) perforating d) Bending
36. In-----operation full surface of punch does not cut the metal.
a) Notching b) perforating c) slitting d) lancing
37. In ------- operation multiple holes which are very small and close together are cut in the sheet metal.
a) Notching b)perforating c) slitting d) lancing
38. -------- is the operation of making an unfinished cut through a limited length only.
a) Notching b) perforating c) slitting d) Lancing
39. In----- operation there is cutting of sheet metal through a small length and bending this small cut portion
downwards.
a) Notching b) perforating c) slitting d) lancing
40. ------ operation is used for cutting unwanted excess material from the periphery of a previously formed
workspace.
a) Lancing b) shaving c) Shearing d) perforating
41. --------is an operation through which a metal is cut along a single line.
a) Lancing b) Shaving c) Shearing d) perforating
42. In------- sheet metal operating no material is removed hence there is no wastage.
a) Forming b) blanking c) piercing d) notching
43. ----- is a metal forming operation in which straight metal sheet is transformed into a curved form.
a) Bending b) Drawing c) Embossing d) Coining
44. In ------ operation punch forces a sheet metal black to flow plastically into the clearance between the punch
and die.
a) Bending b)drawing c) embossing d) coining
45. With the help of----- operation, specific shapes or figures are produced on the sheet metal.
a) Bending b) drawing c) embossing d) coining
46. In ------- operation the metal having good plasticity and of proper size is placed within the punch and die
and high pressure is applied on the blank.
a) Bending b) drawing c) embossing d) coining
47. In bending operation the sheet metal is subjected to ------stresses.
a) Tensile
b) compressive
c) tensile and compressive
d) none of the above
48. ------- bending methods are methods are commonly used.
a) U b) V c) Angle d) All of the above
49. U bending operation is also called as ------.
a) V bending b) channel bending c) angle bending d) all of the above.
50. In-------operation there is a bending of sheet metal at a sharp angle.
a) U b) V c) angle d) all of the above
51. The angle of V bending is---.
a) Acute b) obtuse c) 900 d) all of the above
52. -------- process is used for the manufacturing of drums, pots, vessels, pans etc.
a) U-bending b) V-bending c) Curling d) Angle bending
53. ----Is used decorative purposes or giving details like names, trademarks, etc. on the sheet metal.
a) Drawing b) Embossing c) Bending d) Coining
54. --------operation is used in the manufacturing of door panels, steel furniture's, air-craft bodies, etc.
a) Drawing b) Embossing c) Forming d) Bending
55. ------- operation is used in the manufacturing of coins, medals, ornamental parts, etc.
a) Drawing b) Embossing c) Bending d) coining
56. Deep-drawing process is also called as -------.
a) Cupping b) forming c)bending d) coining
57. --------is a process of making the cup-shaped parts from a flat sheet metal blank.
a) Blanking b) piercing c) Deep-drawing d) Embossing
58. ----------is the process of producing the wires from the rod through the successive reduction of diameter.
a) Deep-drawing b) Wire-drawing c) Cupping d) All of the above
59. In-------process the hot drawn bar or rod is pulled through the die.
a) Deep-drawing b) wire-drawing c) cupping d) all f the above
60. The size ire produced from wire drawing process varies from------.
a) 5 to 10 mm b) 5 to 15 mm c) 6 to20 mm b) 1 to 10 mm
61. ------ operation is started by pointing the end of the rod and pushing it through the tapered hole and pushing
it through the tapered hold and then it is pulled through the die.
a) Deep drawing b) Wire drawing c) Bending d) All of the above
62. ------- are the commonly used joining processes.
a) Welding b) Soldering and brazing c) Adhesive bonding d)All of the above
63. For joining two or more pieces of metal together by any welding process the most essential requirement is---
a) Pressure b) heat c) force d) none of the above
64. A large number of metals or alloys, both similar and dissimilar can be joined by ------.
a) Brazing b) soldering c) welding d) adhesive bonding
65. A good weld is as strong as-----.
a) Electrode material b) base metal c) none of the above
66. Welding produces -----..
a) Harmful radiations b) fumes c) spatter d) all of the above
67. Welding results in------.
a) Residual stresses b) distortion of the work pieces c) metallurgical changes in the work piece d) all of
the above
68. To hold and position the parts to be welded ------are required.
a) Fixtures b) tables c) extra manpower d) all of the above
69. ----.are the important applications of welding process.
a) Crankshaft b) piston and cylinder c) Leaf springs and chance hooks d) None of the above
70. --------are the important applications of welding process.
a) Aircraft constructions b) Rail-road equipment c) pipelines and piping's d) All of the above
71. Welding widely used in-----.
a) Pressure vessels and tanks b) buildings and bridges c) automobile parts d) all of above
72. Welding process is used in----- machined parts.
a) Frames b) beds c) dies (tools) d) all of above
73. Plastic welding is also called as----- welding.
a) Pressure b) non-pressure c) fusion d) none of the above
74. Fusion welding is also called as----- welding.
a) Pressure b)non-pressure c) plastic d) none of the above
75. In ------- welding the metal pieces to be joined are heated to plastic state and then force together by external
pressure.
a) Pressure b) non-reassure c) fusion d) none of the above
76. In pressure welding process----.
a) Metal pieces are heated to a plastic state
b) metal pieces are forced together by external pressure
c) filler metal is not required d) All of the above.
77. In fusion welding process-------.
a) Metal pieces are heated to molten state
b) after heating the metal pieces to molten state they allowed to solidify
c) Filler metal is not required. d) all of the above
78. --------. Are the types of arc welding process?
a) SMAW b) TIG c) MIG d) All of the above
79. ------- are the types of resistance welding process.
a) SMAW b) TIG c) MIG d) none of the above
80. ------- are the types f gas welding process.
a) Oxy-acetylene welding b) air acetylene c) Oxy-hydrocarbon welding d) All of above
81. ------ are the types of resistance welding process.
a) Spot and seam welding b) percussion welding c) Projection welding d) All of the above
82. ------is a fusion welding process in which welding heat is obtained from an electric arc between an electrode
and workspace.
a) Resistance welding b) Arc welding c) Gas welding d) none of the above
83. The temperature produced at the centre of arc is----.
a) 6000 to 7000 0 c b) 500 to 100000 c c) 6000 to 10000 0 c d) 1000 to 100000 c
84. In arc welding process the base metal is melted buy the temperature of-------.
a) Electrode b) source c) arc d) none of the above
85. ------- supply is used for arc welding process.
a) AC b) DC c) AC or DC d) all of the above
86. Electrode metal gets ------at the weld.
a) Melted b) deposited c) melted and deposited d) none of the above
87. -------- electrodes are used in the arc welding process.
a) Bare b) Coated c) Bare and coated d) none of the above
88. --------- electrodes produces welds of poor quality .
a) Bare b) Coated C) All of the above
89. ---------electrodes carry a core of bare metallic wire produces with coating on outer surface.
a) Bare b) Coated c) all of above
90. The length of electrodes varies from ----.
a) 100 to 500 mm b) 100 to 450 mm c) 250 to 450 mm d) 200 to 500 mm
91. The diameter of electrodes varies from --------.
a) 1 to 10 mm b) 1.6 to 9mm c) 1.8 to 8 mm d) 2.2 to 10mm
92. ------- are the commonly used arc welding equipments.
a) AC/DC machine, helmet and chipping hammer
b) Wire brush, earthling clamp and safety goggles
c) Cable plug, connectors, hand gloves and apron d) All of the above
93. -------- is the most versatile welding process which can be applied for thin and thick sections.
a) Arc welding process b) Resistance welding process c) Gas welding process d) None of the above
94. In arc welding process------.
a) Filler material is required b) complicated shapes can be welded c) equipments are portable and less
expensive d) all of the above
95. During the arc welding process-------.
a) Welding control is difficult
b) edge preparation is not required
c) welding can be donned in any position with good quality d) all of the above
96. Arc welding process is commonly used in the manufacturing of------.
a) Air receiver, boilers, pressure vessel fabrication
b) automobile, chemical and aircraft industry
c) ship building and bridge construction d) All of the above
97. Shielded metal arc welding is also called as------.
a) Flux shielded metal arc welding b) tungsten inert gas welding c) metal inert gas welding d) none of
the above
98. Gas tungsten arc welding process is also called as-----.
a) Flux shielded metal arc welding b) tungsten inert gas welding c) metal inert gas welding d) none of
the above
99. Gas metal arc welding process is also called as-------.
a) Flux shielded metal arc welding b) tungsten inert gas welding c) metal inert gas welding d) none of
the above
100. ------- is an arc welding process where coalescence is produced by heating the work piece with an
electric arc setup between the electrode and work piece.
a) SMAW b) TIG c) MIG d) all of the above
101) In ----------------- welding the metal pieces to be joined are heated to a plastic state and then forced
together by external pressure.
a)pressure b)non- pressure c)fusion d)none of the above
102) In pressure welding process ----------------
a)metal pieces are b) metal pieces are c)filler metal is d)all of the above
heated to a plastic forced together by not required
state external pressure
103) In fusion welding process -----------------
a)metal pieces are b)after heating the metal c)filler material is d)all of the above
heated to molten pieces to molten state required
state they allowed to solidify
104) --------------- are the types of arc welding process.
a)SMAW b)TIG c)MIG d)all of the above
105) --------------- are the types of resistance welding process.
a)SMAW b)TIG c)MIG d)none of the above
106) --------------- are the types of gas welding process.
a)oxyacetylene b)air acetylene c)oxy hydrocarbon welding d)all of the above
welding
107) --------------- are the types of resistance welding process.
a)spot & seam b)percussion welding c)projection d)all of the above
welding welding
108) --------------- is a fusion welding process in which welding is obtained from an electric arc between
an electrode and work piece.
a)resistance b)arc welding c)gas welding d)none of the above
welding
109) The temperature produced at the center of arc is
a)6000 to 70000c b) 5000 to 100000c c) 6000 to100000c d) 1000 to 100000c
110) In arc welding process the base metal is melted by the temperature of ---------------
a)electrode b)source c)arc d)none of the above
111) ------------- supply is used for arc welding process.
a)AC b)DC c)AC or DC d)all of the above
112) Electrode metal gets ------------------ at the weld.
a)melted b)deposited c)melted & d)none of the above
deposited
113) ------------- Electrodes are used in the arc welding process.
a)bare b)coated c)bare & coated d)none of the above
114) ------------- electrodes produces welds of poor quality.
a)bare b)coated c) all of the above
115) -------------- electrodes carry a core of bare metallic wire produced with coating on outer surface.
a)bare b)coated c) all of the above
116) The length of electrodes varies from ---------------.
a)100 to 500mm b)100 to 450mm c)250 to 450mm d)200 to 500mm
117) The diameter of electrodes varies from
a)1 to 10mm b)1.6 to 9mm c)1.8 to 8mm d)2.2 to 10mm
118) ------------- is the most versatile welding process which can be applied for thin and thick sections.
a)arc welding b)resistance welding c)gas welding d)none of the above
119) In arc welding process--------------------------
a)filler material b)complicated shapes c)equipment are portable d)all of the above
is required can be welded and less expensive
120) During the arc welding process
a)welding control b)edge preparation is not c)welding can be d)all of the above
is difficult required done in any
position with
good quality
121) Shielded metal are welding is also called as
a)flux shielded b)tungsten inert gas c)metal inert gas d)none of the above
122) -------------- is an arc welding process where coalescence is produced by heating the work piece
with an electric arc setup between the electrode and work piece
a)SMAW b)TIG c)MIG d)all of the above
123) In SMAW process ----------- itself melts and supplies necessary filler material.
a)electrode b)work piece c)filler material d)none of the above
124) The arc temperature and heat in SMAW can be increased or decreased by
a)changing work b)changing current c)changing d)all of the above
piece electrode
125) In SMAW the arc temperature is about
a)2000 to 30000c b) 2500 to 30000c c)2400 to26000c d) 2400 to 28000c
126) ---------------- is the simplest of all the arc welding process.
a)SMAW b)TIG c)MIG d)all of the above
127) For SMAW process
a)more time is b)welding control if c)mechanism is d)all of the above
required difficult difficult
128) In TIG welding process electrode is made of
a)aluminium b)tungsten c)steel d)nickel
129) ----------- is an arc welding process where coalescence is produced by heating the work piece with
an electric arc between the tungsten electrode and work piece.
a)SMAW b)TIG c)MIG d)all of the above
130) In GTAW process to avoid atmospheric contamination ------------- is used.
a)shielded gas b)electrode c)filler d)none of the above
131) To start the GTAW process -------------- are turned on.
a)welding current b)water supply c)inert gas supply d)all of the above
132) In GTAW process the welding torch and filler rod are kept at ------------- angle with weld plane.
a)50 to 700 b)60 to 800 c)70 to 800 d)50 to 800
133) For GTAW process --------------- technique is used.
a)leftward b)rightward c)none of the above
134) The inert gas used in the MIG process is ----------.
a)argon b)helium c)carbon dioxide d)all of the above
135) In --------- process wire is continuously fed from a reel through a gun at constant rate.
a)SMAW b)MIG c)TIG d)none of the above
136) In GMAW process the current ranges from --------------
a)50 to 200A b)100 to 500A c)100 to 400A d)50 to 500A
137) In MIG welding process the welding gun can be ------------ cooled.
a)air b)water c)all of the above
138) In MIG welding process the amount of current depends on --------------
a)diameter of wire b)melting point of wire c)material of wire d)all of the above
139) For GMAW process the wire diameter varies from -------------
a)0.09 to b)0.08 to c)1 to 1.6mm d)1.5 to 2mm
1.6mm 1.5mm
140) In -------------- process non consumable electrodes are used.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
141) For ------------ process electrodes are made of tungsten or tungsten alloys.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
142) Electrodes used in --------- process generates an arc and metal also.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
143) ------------ is a faster welding process.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
144) In ---------- welding process metal electrode will act as a filler material.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
145) For --------- welding process cost of equipment is high.
a)TIG b)MIG c)SMAW d)none of the above
146) --------- is a process in which two or more metal items are joined together by melting and flowing a
filler material in to the joint.
a)welding b)Brazing c)soldering d)all of the above
147) In --------- process the base metals are not melted during joining.
a)soldering b)welding c)casting d)none of the above
148) In soldering process the solder melts and flows in the gap by
a)fluidity b)capillary action c)none of the above
149) ---------- type of solder is toxic in nature.
a)tin b)lead c)none of the above
150) For assembly of electronic components to the printed circuit boards --------- method is commonly
used
a)soldering b)welding c)brazing d)all of the above
151) In ---------- process metallic parts are joined by a non-ferrous filler metal.
a)soldering b)welding c)brazing d)all of the above
152) In brazing process the temperature used to melt the filler metal is above
a)5000c b) 4500c c) 4000c d) 6000c
153) In ---------- process the parts to be joined are carefully cleaned, the flux is applied and the parts are
clamped in position for joining.
a)soldering b)brazing c)all of the above
154) Brazing can join -------------
a)non-metals to b)porous metal c)dissimilar d)all of the above
metals components metals
155. ________ involves transforming a raw material from its original state to a finished state by changing its
shape in a series of steps
a) Machine design b)Manufacturing process c)Machine d)Mechanism
156. Manufacturing process is________
a) Part of production process b)Concerned with changes in dimension
c)Accomplished in definite sequence d)All of the above
157. Manufacturing process can be classified into ________
a) Primary shaping and deforming
b) Machining and joining
c) Surface finishing and material properties modification
d) All of the above
158. ________ is a manufacturing of a solid body from a molten state or gaseous state
a) Primary shaping process b)Deforming process c)Machining process
b) Joining process
159. In ________ a molten metal is poured into hollow space and after solidification it attains the
shape of hollow space
a) Primary shaping process b)Deforming process c)Machining process d)Joining process
160. ________ are the Primary shaping process
a) Casting
b) Powder metallurgy processes
c) Processing of plastics
d) All of the above
161. In ________ a metal is in cold or hot condition and deformed plasticity into desired shapes
without changing metal composition
a) Primary shaping process
b) Deforming process
c) Machining process
d) Joining process
162. In deformation process ________
a) No metal is removed
b) Metal is deformed and displaced
c) Tension and compression stresses are applied to cause plastic deformation
d) All of the above
163. ________ are the deforming processes
a) Forging
b) Sheet metal working
c) Rolling and extrusion
d) All of the above
164. ________ are the Primary shaping process
a) Forging
b) Sheet metal working
c) Rolling and extrusion
d) None of the above
165. Machining processes are also called as ________
a) Primary shaping process
b) Deforming process
c) Removing process
d) Joining process
166. In ________ the material is removed by providing relative motion between the work piece and
tool, to produce required shape on the component
a) Primary shaping process
b) Deforming process
c) Machining process
d) Joining process.
167. ________ are the important machining processes
a) Turning and reaming
b) Milling
c) Drilling and shaping
d) All of the above
168. In ________ two or more metal pieces are joined together to make a final component
a) Primary shaping process
b) Deforming process
c) Machining process
d) Joining process
169. The joining process can be carried out by ________
a) Fusing
b) Pressing
c) Rubbing
d) All of the above
170. In joining processes ________ is required for joining of metal pieces
a) Tool
b) Heat and pressure
c) Pressure
d) All of the above
171. ________ are the important joining processes
a) Welding and adhesive bonding
b) Soldering and brazing
c) Screwing and riveting
d) All of the above
172. ________ processes are used to provide decorative or protective coating on metal surfaces
a) Machining
b) Primary shaping
c) Surface finishing
d) Metal properties modification
173. In surface finishing process ________
a) Good surface finish is obtained
b) Negligible amount of metal is removed
c) Dimensions of the work piece remains same
d) All of the above
174. ________ are the important surface finishing processes
a) Honing and lapping
b) Buffing and grinding
c) Coating and plating
d) All of the above
175. ________ processes are used to provide certain specific properties to the metal parts so as to
make them suitable for particular operations
a) Material properties modification
b) Machining
c) Deforming
d) Primary shaping
176. ________ are the important material modification processes
a) Hot and cold working
b) Heat treatment
c) Shot pinning
d) All of the above
177. Casting process is also called as________
a) Forging
b) Founding
c) Joining
d) Soldering
178. ________ is a process of producing metal parts or alloy parts
a) Forging
b) Founding
c) Joining
d) Soldering
179. In ________ process the parts are produced by pouring the molten metal into the prepared
mould and then allowed to cool
a) Casting
b) Forging
c) Joining
d) Brazing
180. After pouring a molten metal into the mould and cooling, the solidified piece of metal is called
as ________
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Brazing
d) Soldering
181. ________ is the most versatile manufacturing process
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Brazing
d) Soldering
182. Casting process provides ________ to the component
a) Greatest freedom of design in term of shape and size
b) Uniform directional properties
c) Better vibration damping capacity
d) All of the above
183. ________ provides better vibration damping capacity to the components
a) Forging
b) Welding
c) Casting
d) All of the above
184. Casting process is used for ________
a) Complex and uneconomical shape
b) Obtaining a single piece
c) Producing machinable parts
d) All of the above
185. Cast components are ________
a) Brittle in nature
b) Difficult to weld
c) Having low accuracy
d) All of the above
186. ________ components require more machine finish
a) Forged
b) Cast
c) Welded
d) All of the above
187. ________ defect makes the casting weak and unsuitable for use
a) Crack
b) Blow holes
c) Porosity
d) All of the above
188. ________ process pollutes the atmosphere
a) Casting
b) Sheet metal
c) Forging
d) None of the above
189. Welding of ________ components is difficult
a) Cast
b) Forged
c) Sheet metal
d) None of the above
190. ________ components are brittle (weak in tension)
a) Cast
b) Forged
c) Sheet metal
d) None of the above
191. Pistons, cylinders, clutch and gear housings, gear box etc. of automobile are made by ________
process
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Sheet metal
192. Pulleys, beds, machine frames, etc. are made by________
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Sheet metal
193. ________ are made by casting process
a) Turbine vanes and power generators
b) Pump parts, filters and valves
c) Agricultural parts, railway crossings and sanitary fittings
d) All of the above
194. ________ is a container having a cavity of the shape which ois tobe manufactured
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
195. The molten metal is poured in the________
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
196. ________ is a model or replica of the object to be cast
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
197. For effective castings various types of allowances are provided on the________
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
198. ________ is surrounded by sand to give rise to mold cavity in which the molten metal is poured
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
199. ________ is an obstruction which when positioned, does not permit the molten pourd metal
to fill the occupied space
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
200. ________ is a combination of two halves
a) Mould
b) Pattern
c) Core
d) Mold box
201. Upper half of the mold box is called as________
a) Drag
b) Cope
c) Pattern
d) Core
202. Lower half of the mold box is called as________
a) Drag
b) Cope
c) Pattern
d) Core
203. Molds can be made of________
a) Wax
b) Ceramics
c) Plaster of Paris
d) All of the above
204. ________ is a funnel shaped cup which forms the top portions of the sprue
a) Pouring cup
b) Core
c) Pouring basin
d) Pattern
205. Molten metal is initially poured into a ________ which acts as a reservoir from which it moves
smoothly into sprue
a) Pouring cup
b) Core
c) Pouring basin
d) Pattern
206. ________ holds the slag and dirt which floats on the top and allows the clean metal to enter the
sprue
a) Pouring cup
b) Core
c) Pouring basin
d) Pattern
207. ________ is the channel through which the molten metal is brought into runner and gate
a) Ladle
b) Riser
c) Sprue
d) Pouring cup
208. The molten metal is carried from the sprue base to several gates through a passage called
as________
a) Runner
b) Gate
c) Riser
d) Ladle
209. ________ is a channel which connects the runner with the mould cavity, through which the
metal flows to fill the cavity
a) Gate
b) Riser
c) Ladle
d) Pouring cup
210. ________ is made in the upper half to permit the molten metal to rise above the highest point
in the casting after the cavity is filled up
a) Ladle
b) Riser
c) Gate
d) Pouring cup
211. ________ permits the escape of air and mould gases
a) Gate
b) Ladle
c) Riser
d) Pouring cup
212. ________ is used to carry the molten from furnace to molding box
a) Runner
b) Gate
c) Riser
d) Ladle
213. Pattern making is the ________ step in the casting process
a) Second
b) First
c) Last
d) Third
214. Sand mixing and preparation includes________
a) Selection of a particular sand
b) Testing a sand
c) Preparation of sand mixtures mould and core making
d) All of the above
215. ________ is the last step in the casting process
a) Pattern making
b) Core making
c) Pouring
d) None of the above
216. ________ is the last step in the casting process
a) Finishing
b) Testing
c) Heat treatment
d) re-testing
217. For melting a raw material in a casting process ________ is used
a) Heater
b) Boiler
c) Furnace
d) All of the above
218. ________ is the process of shaping heated metal by the application of sudden blows or pressure
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Soldering
219. ________ process makes the use of plasticity characteristics of the material
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Soldering
220. ________ is a metal forming process which may be done by hand or by machine
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Soldering
221. In case of hand forging hammering is done by________
a) Machine
b) Hand
c) None of the above
222. ________ forging is used in mass production
a) Hand
b) Machine
c) All of the above
223. The shop in which the forging work is carried out is called as________
a) Weld shop
b) Foundry
c) Smith’s shop
d) None of the above
224. Forgings of small jobs is carried out in________
a) Open hearth
b) Closed furnaces
c) Foundry
d) None of the above
225. Forgings of large jobs is carried out in________
e) Open hearth
f) Closed furnaces
g) Foundry
h) None of the above
226. ________ are commonly used forging materials
a) Aluminum and copper alloys
b) Low carbon and alloy steel
c) Nickel, tungsten and magnesium alloys
d) All of the above
227. The metals which are used in forging process must posses________
a) Hardness
b) Toughness
c) Ductility
d) Stiffness
228. Forgings process provides________
a) Better resistance to shock and vibrations
b) Better mechanical properties like strength, toughness, etc.
c) High dimensional accuracy
d) All of the above
229. In forging process________
a) Grain flow is continuous
b) Grain flow is uninterrupted
c) Minimum surface finish of components is required
d) All of the above
230. ________ of forged parts is easy.
a) Casting
b) Machining
c) Welding
d) All of the above
231. The limitation of forging process is________
a) Complicated shapes cannot be forged
b) Forging process is not applicable for small parts
c) Forging of brittle materials is difficult
d) All of the above
232. ________ are the drawbacks of forging process
a) High cost of process
b) Applicable only for large components
c) More noise and vibrations during the process
d) All of the above
233. Car axles, crankshafts, connecting rods, leaf springs, crane hooks, etc. are the applications
of________
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Welding
d) Sheet metal working
234. ________ are the applications of forging process
a) Levers, flanges and propellers
b) Hollow bodies, tank bottoms and railway wheel disks
c) Nuts, bolts, washers and knife blades
d) All of the above
235. ________ is the process of deforming the hot material into the required shape by applying the
blows of hammer held in hand.
a) Hand forging
b) Machine forging
c) Welding
d) Casting
236. In hand forging process the hot material is held in one hand using clamping device and kept
on________
a) Table
b) Anvil block
c) Bed
d) None of the above
237. Hand forging process is________
a) Suitable for simple components of small size
b) Low cost process
c) Not suitable for high production rate
d) All of the above
238. ________ process uses closed impression die to obtain the required shape of the components
a) Hand forging
b) Casting
c) Drop forging
d) Soldering
239. In drop forging the equipment used for applying the blows is called as ________
a) Forge hammer
b) Drop hammer
c) Hammer
d) Punch
240. In drop forging process the hot metal kept on the lower die is called as________
a) Billet
b) Pattern
c) Sheet metal
d) Cast
241. In ________ process the ram is raised to a definite height and then allowed to fall freely under
its own weight
a) Hand forging
b) Casting
c) Drop forging
d) Soldering
242. In drop forging the workpiece is kept on________
a) Upper die
b) Lower die
c) Anvil block
d) All of the above
243. In drop forging the billet is kept on the lower die while the ________ delivers four to five
blows in quick succession
a) Anvil block
b) Upper die
c) Ram
d) Wooden board
244. In drop forging the component is produced by________
a) Impact
b) Expansion
c) Contraction
d) Joining
245. during drop forging process, the operation is divided into number of steps for ________
a) Increasing the stiffness of the components
b) Increasing the life of the component
c) Proper flow of metal
d) None of the above
246. ________ process provide greater strength and toughness
a) Casting
b) Forging
c) Welding
d) All of the above
247. In ________ process the defects like cracks and blow holes are welded up
a) Casting
b) Forging
c) Welding
d) All of the above
248. Mechanical working of a metals above the recrystallization temperature but below the melting
point is called as ________
a) Cold working
b) Hot working
c) Forging
d) None of the above
249. Mechanical working of a metals below the recrystallization temperature is known as ________
a) Cold working
b) Hot working
c) Forging
d) None of the above
250. Mechanical working of a metal is________
a) Plastic deformation to change the dimensions using mechanical pressure
b) Plastic deformation to change the properties using mechanical pressure
c) Plastic deformation to change the surface conditions using mechanical pressure
d) All of the above
251. In mechanical working the flow of metal is________
a) Elastic flow
b) Plastic flow
c) Continuous flow
d) All of the above
252. When the temperature is high, the process of formation of new grains is called as________
a) Hot working
b) Recrystallization
c) Cold working
d) Casting
253. ________ temperature differentiates hot working and cold working
a) Heating
b) Cooling
c) Recrystallization
d) None of the above
254. The change in structure from hot working improves mechanical properties like________
a) Ductility
b) Toughness
c) Resistance to shock and vibration
d) All of the above

255) The manufacturing process can be defined as the


a) Process of converting the semi-finished product into finished product
b) Process of converting the raw material into finished product using machines
c) Process of assembling the components into a product
d) Process of creating new product
256) The process in which molten metal is poured into mould of desired shape is called as
a) Finishing process c) Manufacturing process
b) Metal cutting process d) none of the above
257) The following material is not suitable for casting :
a) Aluminum c) Plastic
b) Copper d) Alloy steel
258) The example of component manufactured by using casting is :
a) Machine tool bed c ) Nut
b) Shaft d) Ball bearings
259) The following component cannot be manufactured by casting:
a) Flywheel c) Engine cylinder
b) Gears d) Connecting rods
260) In a metal forming process ,
a) a molten metal in semi-finished condition is converted into finished product
b) a molten metal is poured into the mould of desired shape
c) a metal in hot or cold condition is plastically deformed into desired shape
d) (b) & (c)
261) Following is not a metal forming process
a) Forging c) casting
b) Rolling d) drawing
262) In metal forming process,
a) Substantial material. is removed from the raw material to convert it to finished product
b) Fine material is removed from the semi-finished raw material to convert it to finished product.
c) No material is removed from the raw material
d) The removed material can be processed again & reused
263) The following is an example of metal cutting process
a) Drilling c) grinding
b) Forging d) extrusion
264) The following is an example of metal forming process
a) Milling c) shaping
b) Forging d) grinding
265) The surface finishing process
a) Remove significant material
b) Change the shape of the component
c) Remove the significant material as well as change the shape of the component
d) None of the above
266) The example of surface finishing process
a) Grinding c) Rolling
b) Shaping d) Both (a) & (b)
267) Powder metallurgy is a
a) Heat treatment process
b) Process of making powder from metal
c) Process of making component from powder mix under pressure and heat
d) Process of coating the component by hot dry powder
268) In powder metallurgy , the process of heating is called as
a) Heat treatment
b) Sintering
c) Hot working
d) None of the above
269) The sheet metal working id also called as
a) Sheet working c) Press working
b) Shaping d) Extrusion
270) The process of making car body parts is known as
a) Sheet metal working b) Shaping
c) Turning d) Milling
271) The mould is the
a) Component obtained by pouring the molten metal
b) Cavity which conforms to the shape of the component to be cast
c) Boarder of the casting
d) None of the above
272) In casting process, the cavity is called as
a) Cast c) Mould
b) Pattern d) Drag
273) The components of intricate shapes can be manufactured by
a) Forging c) Casting
b) Sheet metal working d) Grinding
274) The components of thickness less than 6 mm cannot be manufactured by
a) Sheet metal working
b) Grinding
c) Lapping
d) Casting
275) The blow holes and gas cavities are likely to be formed in component in
following process
a) Forging
b) Sintering
c) Casting
d) Shaping
276) I.C engine blocks are manufactured by
a) Forging
b) Casting
c) Shaping
d) Both (a) & (b)
277) In casting process, the pattern is nothing but
a) A final component produced
b) A mould made from sand
c) the replica of a casting used for making the mould
d) a design of the component
278) The following statement about casting process is correct:
a) A final component produced
b) A mould made from sand
c) The replica of a casting used for making the mould
d) A design on the component
279) In sand casting, the pattern is made from :
a) Sand c) plaster of paris
b) Clay d) wood
280) The following material cannot be used for pattern
a) Wood c) plastic
b) Aluminium d) sand
281) In casting process, the mould is commonly made from
a) Sand c) wood
b) Cast iron d) plastic
282) Which of the following statement is incorrect
a) Casting can produce components of high strength
b) Casting can produce components of intricate shapes
c) Casting produce gas cavities and blow holes inside the component
d) Aluminum components can be produced by casting process
283) In casting process, the holes or hollow spaces are obtained by using
a) Drills c) moulds
b) Cores d) cavities
284) The process of making the model of a casting used for making a cavity or mould
is called as
a) Molding c) pattern making
b) Modeling d) casting
285) In casting, the process of making a cavity which conforms to the shape of the
desired component is called as
a) Mould making c) pattern making
b) Cavitation d) case making
286) The place where casting are made is popularly known as
a) Furnace c) forging shop
b) Foundry d) machine shop
287) The molten metal is required in
a) Forging c) Casting
b) Sintering d) all of the above
288) In metal forming process, the component of desired shape and size is obtained
through
a) Pouring of molten metal in to cavity
b) Machining of material
c) Elastic deformation of metal
d) Plastic deformation of metal
289) The metal forming process can be carried out on metal
a) Only in hot condition c) only in cold condition
b) In hot or cold condition d) only at subzero temperature
290) In metal forming process
a) Force is necessary
b) Both force as well as heat is necessary
c) Heat is necessary
d) Both force as well as heat are not necessary
291) The example of metal forming process is
a) Casting c) forging
b) Shaping d) both (b) & (c)
292) The process performed by blacksmith is known as
a) Casting c) rolling
b) Shaping d) forging
293) The forging operation is performed under
a) Breaking range of material
b) Elastic state of material
c) Plastic state of material
d) Molten state of material
294) In ancient days; the equipment of war such as: swords, knives, arrows were
made by
a) Casting process c) shaping process
b) Forging process d) both (b) & (c)
295) The forging process requires application of
a) Tensile force c) shear force
b) Compressive force d) constant force

296) The dies are used in


a) Forging process c) shaping process
b) Casting process d) both (a) & (b)
297) The material used for forging process are
a) Must be the brittle material c) can be ductile or brittle material
b) Must be the ductile material d) must be the ferrous material
298) The forging temperature is the temperature at which the material
a) Melts c) loses its elastic properties
b) Loses its plastic properties d) becomes red hot
299) The following material cannot be used for forging
a) Stainless steel c) copper alloy
b) Aluminum d) cast iron
300) The following process results in improving the strength and toughness:
a) Casting c) Turning
b) Miliing d) forging
301) The following I.C engine parts cannot be manufactured by forging
a) Cylinder block c) connecting rods
b) Crank shaft d) rocker arm
302) The cold forging of a material is carried out at a temperature
a) Below zero degree Celsius
b) Below melting point temperature
c) Below recrystallization temperature
d) Below atmospheric temperature
303) In hot forging process,
a) The strain hardening effect of material is reduced
b) The yield strength of material is reduced
c) The ductility of a material is reduced
d) Both (a) & (b)
304) The hot forging process requires less force & energy due to
a) Decrease in ductility c) Melting of material
b) Decrease in yield strength d) Increase in enthalpy
305) Following is the advantage of hot gorging
a) Better dimensional accuracy
b) Reduction of strain hardening effect
c) Increase in yield strength
d) Both (a) & (b)
306) The cold forging gives
a) High dimensional accuracy
b) High ductility
c) Reduction of strain hardening effect
d) All of the above
307) In hot forging, the steel is heated to a temperature range of
a) 100-2000C c) 1000-12000C
0
b) 300-500 C d) 600-7000C
308) The following operation requires a press
a) Shaping c) forging
b) Punching d) both (b) & (c)
309) The forging can be used
a) Only for brittle materials
b) Only for ductile materials
c) Only for steel
d) Only for soft materials
310) The component subjected to impact loads should be manufactured by
a) Forging process c) powder metallurgy process
b) Casting process d) grinding process
311) Find the correct match
a) Casting- air pollution c) casting- sound pollution
b) Forging- sound pollution d) both (a) & (b)
312) The die & punch are used in
a) Casting c) sheet metal working
b) Shaping d) both (b) & (c)

313) In sheet metal work, die is a


a) Stationary part with cavity
b) Moving part with cavity
c) Moving part which enters in the cavity of desired shape
d) Piece of metal sheet
314) In sheet metal work, punch is
a) Stationary part c) moving part with cavity
b) Moving part without cavity d) driving machine
315) The operation of producing a hole of any desired shape in a metal sheet using a
punch & die is known as
a) Punching c) piercing
b) Blanking d) lancing
316) The operation of producing a circular hole in a metal sheet by using a punch & a
die is known as
a) Blanking c) Punching
b) Piercing d) both (b) & (c)
317) The operation of cutting out a piece of the required shape from a metal sheet
using a punch & a die is known as
a) Piercing c) blanking
b) Punching d) both (b) & (c)
318) The operation of producing a number of evenly spaced holes in a metal sheet by
using a punch & a die is known as
a) Punching c) blanking
b) Piercing d) perforating
319) The operation of cutting a metal sheet in a straight line along the length id
known as
a) Lancing c) notching
b) Slitting d) both (a) & (b)
320) The operation of cutting a part of a metal sheet through some portion of its
length and then bending the cut portion is known as
a) Slitting c) lancing
b) Notching d) both (b) & (c)
321) The operation of removal of a small part of the metal sheet of the desired shape
from the edge of the metal sheet is known as
a) Notching c) slitting
b) Lancing d) perforating
322) Making the hole in metal sheet can be
a) Blanking c) piercing
b) Punching d) both (b) & (c)
323) The process of forming a flat metal sheet into a three dimensional hollow shape
is known as
a) Blanking c) drawing
b) Punching d) piercing
324) The metallic cup can be manufactured by
a) Punching c) Blanking
b) Piercing d) Drawing
325) In a bending process, if the desired bend angle of a component is 400 , the
included angle of the die should be
a) Equal to 400 c) greater than 400
0
b) Less than 40 d) equal to 800
326) The following is not a metal sheering process
a) Lancing c) notching
b) Embossing d) blanking
327) The term spring back is related to
a) Punching c) Bending
b) Blanking d) Drawing
328) Curling is a method of
a) Forming c) Drawing
b) Blanking d) Bending
329) The forming process is used for making
a) Machine tool bed c) Automobile body parts
b) Gear box housing d) both ((b) & (c)

330) The medals can be manufactured by sheet metal working process known as
a) Coining c) Drawing
b) Forming d) Blanking
331) For wire drawing process, the material must have
a) High strength c) Good malleability
b) Good ductility d) Both (b) & (c)
332) The wire drawing process is due to
a) Elastic flow of material c) Plastic flow of metal
b) Squeezing of metal d) Both (b) & (c)
333) The nameplates can be manufactured by the process known as
a) Coining c) Blanking
b) Forming d) Embossing
334) In welding process, the essential elements are
a) Filler material c) Heat
b) Pressure d) Both (a)&(c)
335) In welding process the heat is required for
a) Fusing the filler material
b) Fusing the metallic parts to be joined
c) Clearing the surface
d) All of the above
336) In welding process the hear required for fusing the two parts can be obtained
from
a) Electric energy c) chemical reaction
b) Combustion of gases d) (a),(b)or (c)
337) Which of the following statement is incorrect?
a) Welded joints has strength equal to that of the material being joined
b) Welding can produce fluid tight joint
c) Welding joints are strong against vibrations
d) Welding gives light weight construction
338) Pressure welding is also known as
a) Plastic welding c) Non plastic welding
b) Fusion welding d) Gas welding
339) Fusion welding is a
a) Pressure welding c) Plastic welding
b) Non pressure welding d) Spot welding
340) Electric arc welding is a type of
a) Pressure welding c) Non pressure welding
b) Plastic welding d) Spot welding
341) Electric arc welding requires power source with
a) High voltage & high current
b) Low voltage & high current
c) Low voltage & low current
d) High voltage & low current
342) In electric arc welding, the voltage range of power source is
a) 220-240 V c) 420-440V
b) 20-40V d) 2-4V
343) In electric arc welding the current requirement is
a) 200-500mA c) 5-10A
b) 1-2A d) above 100 A
344) In electric arc welding using D.C. supply
a) Positive terminal is attached to one work piece and negative terminal to other work
piece
b) Positive terminal is attached to electrode and negative terminal to work piece
c) Positive terminal is attached to work piece and negative terminal to electrode
d) (b) or (c)
345) Tungsten inert gas welding(TIG) is a type of
a) Gas welding c) Spot
b) Electric arc welding d) MIG welding
346) MIG welding means
a) Molybdenum inert gas welding c) Magnesium inert gas welding
b) Metal iron inert gas welding d) Metal inert gas welding

347) The following are electric arc welding process:


a) TIG & MIG welding c) Electric resistance & thermal welding
b) Spot & seam welding d) Both (B) & (c)
348) In electric welding the temperature produced is in the range of
a) 200-4000C c) 100-1500C
0
b) 400-800 C d) above15000C
349) In brazing the work pieces are heated to a temperature
a) Equal to melting temperature of the work piece
b) Above 4500C but below the melting temperature of the work piece
c) Equal to 4500C
d) Below 4500
350) The filler material used in brazing can be
a) Steel c) Copper alloy
b) Cast iron d) none of the above
351) The following materials cannot be used as filler material in brazing
a) Copper c ) Nickel
b) Silver d) Steel
352) The following statement about brazing is incorrect
a) The brazing can join a large variety of dissimilar metals
b) Brazing can join nonmetals
c) The strength of brazed joint is higher than that of welded joint
d) The brazing can produce pressure tight joints
353) In soldering the work pieces are heated to a temperature
a) Above 4500C
b) Equal to 4500C
c) Equal to melting point of work piece
d) Below 4500C
354) The commonly used filler material for soldering is
a) Tin lead alloy c) Alloy steel
b) Copper alloy d) Both (b) and (c)
355) For joining the components in electric circuit
a) Soldering or brazing
b) Soldering can be used
c) Soldering or welding can be used
d) Brazing can be used