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Listening: Select missing word -item 7

You will hear a recording about meditation. At the end of the recording, the last word or
group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the
recording.
Meditation practices are justifiably described as an evolving science, and the laboratory in which
this science is carried out is the mind. Some would argue that the results must be objective in a
sense that precludes any element of subjectivity. This requirement is ultimately indefensible and
would exclude much of the important work being done today in psychology and social sciences. On
the other hand, we are increasingly able to verify brain changes in subject populations employing
particular meditation techniques. Thus there is an emerging ability of third-person science to
corroborate the models created through the first-person mind science of …..............

 logic
 psychology
 meditation
 medication
Tick your answer choice.

Transcript:
Meditation practices are justifiably described as an evolving science, and the laboratory in which
this science is carried out is the mind. Some would argue that the results must be objective in a
sense that precludes any element of subjectivity. This requirement is ultimately indefensible and
would exclude much of the important work being done today in psychology and social sciences. On
the other hand, we are increasingly able to verify brain changes in subject populations employing
particular meditation techniques. Thus there is an emerging ability of third-person science to
corroborate the models created through the first-person mind science of meditation.
Answers:
Incorrect: logic
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. The whole passage is
about meditation and there is no mention of logic. Hence, it is irrelevant
Incorrect:psychology
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. The word 'psychology'
is mentioned only once in the whole text. The last sentence is the summary of the text. Hence,
'psychology' is not of much importance to include here as per the flow of the text.
Correct:meditation
Explanation: This response is correct because the main idea of the text is meditation and the last
sentence is a summary of the whole text. Hence, this is the most suitable option here.
Incorrect:medication
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. Throughout the text
there is no mention of medication. Hence , it is irrelevant.

Listening: Select missing word -item 8


You will hear a recording about Brainwaves. At the end of the recording, the last word or
group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the
recording.
Our newfound ability to capture these “brainwaves”—the brain’s reaction to sounds—has taught us
that sound is separate from noise. The reaction to noise is a disorganized response. But the brain is
so well tuned to speech, for example that babies begin to make sense of speech well before they
develop language. They learn that certain sound combinations work or don’t work in their language
within a couple minutes of exposure. The “brainwave” response to speech is so well-structured that
you can actually understand speech in the brainwave if it is played ….........

 back

 loud

 again

 further
Tick your answer choice.
Transcript:
Our new found ability to capture these “brainwaves”—the brain’s reaction to sounds—has taught us
that sound is separate from noise. The reaction to noise is a disorganized response. But the brain is
so well tuned to speech, for example that babies begin to make sense of speech well before they
develop language. They learn that certain sound combinations work or don’t work in their language
within a couple minutes of exposure. The “brainwave” response to speech is so well-structured that
you can actually understand speech in the brainwave if it is played back.
Answers:
Correct: back
Explanation: This response is correct because it fits the context. The text is about brain waves and
the last sentence is about a unique feature of our brain. The word ''actually'' demand something
uncommon and ''back'' is the most suitable option that defines that brainwave can understand the
speech even if it is played back.
Incorrect: loud
Explanation:This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. The text is about a
quality of a brainwave of understanding something which is uncommon. ''Played loud'' is
something that is very common to understand.
Incorrect: again
Explanation:This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. It is common to
understand a repeated speech. It doesn’t justify anything the the special quality of brainwave.
Incorrect: further
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. ''Playing a speech
further'' does not make sense in the given case.

Listening: Select missing word -item 9


You will hear a recording about Artificial Intelligence. At the end of the recording, the last
word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the
recording.
The past few years have seen an extraordinary flurry of activity in the development of machine-
based analysis techniques all broadly labeled as artificial intelligence. Cool-sounding terms abound:
there are neural networks, multilinear subspace learning, random forests, and so on. Tools like
these are not just opening up new vistas of computation and automation , they're also provoking
renewed debate over their promises and perils. And there are valid concerns that material control
of our world will be neatly removed from our grasp …..............

 one day soon

 artificial intelligence

 knowledge

 debate
Transcript:
The past few years have seen an extraordinary flurry of activity in the development of machine-
based analysis techniques all broadly labeled as artificial intelligence. Cool-sounding terms abound:
there are neural networks, multilinear subspace learning, random forests, and so on. Tools like
these are not just opening up new vistas of computation and automation , they're also provoking
renewed debate over their promises and perils. And there are valid concerns that material control
of our world will be neatly removed from our grasp one day soon.
Answers:
Correct: one day soon
Explanation: This response is because the concerned sentence is a prediction about future. It is
predicting that ''material control will be removed from our grasp''. Hence ''one day soon'' adds time
element to it and makes it meaningful.
Incorrect: artificial intelligence
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. It seems awkward to use
''artificial intelligence'' here and it ruins the sense of the sentence.
Incorrect: knowledge
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. The word ''grasp'' is
used in relation with material control. Hence, there is no need and relevance of the given word.
Incorrect: debate
Explanation: This response is incorrect because it does not fit the context. The sentence is already
meaningful and the use of ''debate'' will make no sense.