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# 1. Whether a consumer consuming two goods x and y. The price of good X is 3 m.u.

, the price
of good Y is 5 m.u., income is 1000 m.u. and utility function has the following form: UT (x, y) = X 0,3
Y0,7. In these circumstances determine the quantities of the two goods for which the utility is
maximized and represent in a graph the modification of the budget line if the price of good X increases
with 10%.
2. Whether a consumer consuming two goods x and y. The price of good X is 2 m.u the price of
good Y is 4 and income is 200 um. If the utility function is of the form: UT (x, y) = X 0,2 Y0,8 In these
circumstances determine the quantities of the two goods for which the utility is maximized and
represent in a graph the modification of the budget line if the price of good y decreases with 20%.
3. Whether a consumer consuming two goods x and y. The price of good X is 16 m.u., the price
of good Y is 16 m.u. , income is 320 m.u. and utility function has the following form: UT (x, y) = 4X 0,1
Y0,9. In these circumstances determine the quantities of the two goods for which the utility is
maximized and represent in a graph the modification of the budget line if the income decreases with
30%.
4. If the quantity demanded increases by 20 % and at the moment T0 price is 20 m.u. and in T1
reaches 16 m.u. Find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
5. If the quantity demanded decreases by 10% when the price is 60 m.u. in T0 and in T1 reaches
72 m.u.. Find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
6. If the price of good X decreases by 10% when the quantity demaded is 20 unit in T0 and in T1
reaches 36 units. Find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
7. If the demand function is Q= 10 – 2P and the initial quantity demanded is 100 units and
increases to 120 units. Find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
8. If the demand function is Q= 48 –8P and the initial quantity demanded is 16 units and
increases by 20%, find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
9. If in the initial moment the quantity demanded is 100 units oranges on the oranges market
and they are sold at an average price of 4 m.u. and in the moment T1 it is 120 units at an average price
of 3 m.u. Find out the coefficient of elasticity of demand at price and interpret.
10. Being given a manufacturer that produces good X using combinations of labor and capital.
The price of labor is 5 m.u., the price of capital is 20 m.u. and total costs are 200 m.u.. The production
function is of the form: Q (L, K) = L0,4 K0,6 Find out the quantities of L and K for which the production is
maximum and represent in a graph the optimum of the producer.
11. Being given a manufacturer that produces good X using combinations of labor and capital.
The price of labor is 12 m.u., the price of capital is 8 m.u. and total costs are 64 m.u.. The production
function is of the form: Q (L, K) = 4L0,1 K0,9 a)Find out the quantities of L and K for which the production
is maximum and represent in a graph the situation when the price of labor increases with 20%; b) Find
out the type of return to scale and interpret; c) Represent in a graph the isocost.
12. Being given a manufacturer that produces good X using combinations of labor and capital.
The price of labor is 12 m.u., the price of capital is 8 m.u. and total costs are 64 m.u.. The production
function is of the form: Q (L, K) = 4L+8K. a) Find out the quantities of L and K for which the production
is maximum and represent in a graph the situation when the price of capital decreases with 10%; b)
Find out the type of return to scale and interpret; c) Represent in a graph the isocost.
13. In T0 average productivity is 2000 units/employee. In T1 compared to T0 production drops
with 20% and the number of workers increased by 5%. Determine marginal labor productivity.
14. In T0 production is 160 units. In T1 compared to T0 it increases by 16% and the number of
workers increased by 12%. Determine the average labor productivity in T1 and its relative change.
15. In T0production is 525 units. In T1 compared to T0 this drops by 5% and the number of
workers decreases by 10%. Determine the average labor productivity in T1 and its relative change.
16. Being given a producer that has the function of total costs CT= 2Q2+Q+1 and if production is
10 units find out: variable cost, fix cost, average variable cost, average fix cost, average total cost and
marginal cost. If the price on the market is 100 lei, find out total profit and the average profit.
17. Being given a producer that has the function of total costs CT= Q2+100Q+20 and if production
is 5 units find out: variable cost, fix cost, average variable cost, average fix cost, average total cost and
marginal cost. If the price on the market is 250 lei and it is increasing with 10%, find out initial total
revenue, profit and the average profit and marginal revenue and marginal profit.
18. At the moment T0 average variable costs are 100 m.u. In T1 variable costs increased by 20%
and production increased by 30%, calculate the marginal cost.
19. At the moment T0 average total costs are 100 m.u. In T1 total costs increased by 10% and
production increased by 30%, calculate the marginal cost.
20. At the moment T0 average total costs are 200 m.u. In T1 total costs decrease by 10% and
production increased by 10%, calculate average total costs in T1 and their relative variation.
21. At the moment T0 average variable costs are 80 m.u. In T1 variable costs increased by 15%
and production increased by 12%, find out the average variable cost in T1 and the relative modification.
22. At the time T1 compared to T0, production increased by 40%. Determine the relative change
in average fixed costs.
23. At the time T1 compared to T0, production decreased by 25%. Determine the relative change
in average fixed costs.