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Informe de Estadísticas Energéticas

Energy Statistics Report


2006

Nos une la energía


INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS

ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT

2006
Créditos / Credence


OLADE
Organización Latinoamericana de Energía - OLADE
Latin American Energy Organization OLADE
Secretaria Ejecutiva Ad - Interim / Executive Secretary
Elvia Ortega de Andrade
Director de Planificación y Proyectos (E) / Acting Director of Planning and Projects
Byron Chiliquinga
Coordinador de Información / Information Coordinator
María Sircia de Sousa
Departamento Técnico / Technical Department
Fernando Bastidas
Katherine Segura
Pablo Garcés
Marco Yujato
Targelia Rivadeneira
Paola Carrera
Fabio García

Copyright © OLADE 2007 / Copyright © OLADE 2007


Se permite la reproducción total o parcial del contenido de este documento a condición de que se mencione la fuente.
The right to reproduce the information contained in this document is allowed if the source is cited.

Contacto / Contact
OLADE
Avenida Mariscal Antonio José de Sucre N58-63 y Fernández Salvador,
Edificio OLADE- Sector San Carlos
Quito - Ecuador
Tel / Phones: (593-2) 2598-122 / 2598-280 / 2598 -597
www.olade.org

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Presentación / Presentation


La Organización Latinoamericana de Energía (OLADE) presenta la nueva edición de su The Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) presents the new edition of its annual
publicación anual, el Informe de Estadísticas Energéticas 2006. publication, the Energy Statistics Report.
Este documento es un reporte histórico anual realizado por la Organización, a fin de This document consists in a yearly historical report developed by the Organization to offer the
ofrecer a la Región un documento que compile información estadística energética a nivel region a compilation of energy statistics by country, region and sub–region, thus meeting one of
país, región y subregión, cumpliendo así con uno de los objetivos de acción planteados OLADE’s action goals.
por OLADE.
The data it presents are taken from the Economic Energy Information System (SIEE), the
Los datos presentados se toman del Sistema de Información Económica Energética
(SIEE), única base de datos con información estadística oficial especializada en energía, only database with official statistical information specializing in energy. It is an essential tool for
herramienta fundamental para el conocimiento de la situación histórica y resultados del understanding the historical situation and results of the energy sector, in both the region and each
sector energético en la región y en cada uno de los Países Miembros. of the Member Countries.
La evolución del Informe de Estadísticas Energéticas, desde que OLADE lo publicó por Since it was first published by OLADE in 1988, the Energy Statistics Report has evolved through
primera vez en 1988, se evidencia en los cambios y mejoras de su forma y contenido, modifications and enhancements in both format and contents, in response to the needs, requests and
respondiendo a las necesidades, solicitudes y sugerencias de los usuarios. suggestions of its users.
El Informe publicado este año presenta información estadística energética de 2006 y cifras This year’s report offers energy statistics for 2006, with an energy supply & demand projection to 2018.
con la proyección de oferta y demanda de energía al 2018, e incluye como valor agregado As an extra bonus, it includes data on ethanol production and consumption, world power generation
datos de producción y consumo de etanol, generación de electricidad a nivel mundial por by type of plant, and energy demand matrices by country and by region for Latin America and the
tipo de planta y las matrices de demanda de energía por país y región para América Latina Caribbean.
y el Caribe.
This document is structured to clearly present information on supply & demand, environmental
La estructura del documento permite presentar de manera clara datos de oferta y de-
manda, impacto ambiental e indicadores socio-económicos energéticos, que tienen impact, and socioeconomic energy indicators of importance for energy planning, policy making
importancia para la planificación, definición de políticas energéticas e integración and integration in the region.
energética en la región. We anticipate that the 2006 release of the Energy Statistics Report will respond to the ongo-
De esta forma prevemos, que la nueva edición del Informe de Estadísticas 2006, brindará ing need for energy statistics, thus collaborating with the social and technical development of the
respuesta a las continuas necesidades de información estadística del sector energético, region.
colaborando con el desarrollo social y técnico de la región. We thank the Organization’s member countries for their participation through OLADE’s Co-
Agradecemos la colaboración de los Países Miembros de la Organización, a través de ordinators and SIEE Advisors who attended the virtual training workshops to enhance statistics
los Coordinadores de OLADE y Asesores del SIEE, quienes participaron en los talleres collection and management. Their help and support has been fundamental to the preparation of
de capacitación virtual, cuyo propósito fue el mejorar la recolección y manejo de datos this regional document.
estadísticos. Su ayuda y aporte han sido trascendentales en la elaboración de este documento
regional.

Secretaria Ejecutiva Ad-Interim Ad-Interim Executive Secretary

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Guía de Content / Content Guide


1 PRESENTACIÓN / FOREWORD 2.3 CARBÓN MINERAL / COAL 4 DEMANDA DE ENERGÍA 2006


Guía de contenido / Content guide Reservas / Reserves ENERGY DEMAND 2006
Índice / Index Producción / Production Demanda de energía AL&C
Consideraciones generales Energy Demand LA&C
General Considerations Consumo / Consumption
Demanda de energía Países Miembros de OLADE
Fuentes de información Importación / Imports Energy demand of OLADE Member Countries
Information Sources Exportación / Exports
5 IMPACTO AMBIENTAL AL&C
2 ESTADÍSTICAS 2006 Y PROSPECTIVA 2.4 ELECTRICIDAD / ELECTRICITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT LA&C
ENERGÉTICA 2018
Potencial hidroeléctrico / Hydropower potential Producción de emisiones
STATISTICS 2006 & ENERGY Emissions production
Generación eléctrica / Electricity generation
FORECASTING 2018
Consumo / Consumption Evolución emisiones CO2 por sector
2.1 PETRÓLEO / OIL CO2 emissions growth by sector.
Importación / Imports
Reservas / Reserves Emisiones reducidas - Proyectos MDL
Exportación / Exports Reduced emissions - CDM Projects
Producción / Production Capacidad instalada / Installed capacity
Consumo / Consumption Precios / Prices 6 INFORMACIÓN SECTORIAL AL&C
Importación / Imports SECTORIAL INFORMATION LA&C
Exportación / Exports 2.5 BIOMASA / BIOMASS Consumo de energía / Energy consumption
Producción / Production Participación energéticos / Share of energy sources
Capacidad de refinación / Refining capacity
Consumo / Consumption
Precios / Prices 7 INDICADORES AL&C / INDICATORS LA&C
Oferta - Demanda de Etanol
Ethanol Demand - Supply Indicadores de sostenibilidad
2.2 GAS NATURAL / NATURAL GAS
Sustainability indicators
Reservas / Reserves
3 BALANCES DE ENERGÍA 2006
Producción / Production ENERGY BALANCES 2006 8 APÉNDICES/ APPENDICES
Consumo / Consumption Balance AL&C Definiciones / Definitions
Importación / Imports Energy balance of LA&C Acrónimos y abreviaciones
Balances Países Miembros de OLADE Acronyms & abbreviations
Exportación / Exports
Energy balances of OLADE Member Countries Factores de conversión / Conversion factors
Precios / Prices

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Contenido / Content

1 PRESENTACIÓN / FOREWORD............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
i. Guía de contenido / Content guide....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6
ii. Índice / Index...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 - 11
iii. Consideraciones Generales / General Considerations.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 - 13
iv. Fuentes de información / Information sources.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

2 ESTADÍSTICAS 2006 Y PROSPECTIVA ENERGÉTICA 2018 / STATISTICS 2006 & ENERGY FORECASTING 2018

2.1 PETRÓLEO / OIL


2.1.1 Reservas probadas AL&C / Proven Reserves LA&C........................................................................................................................................................................................................................17
2.1.2 Reservas probadas mundiales / Poven World reserves....................................................................................................................................................................................................................17
2.1.3 Producción AL&C / Production LA&C................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................18
2.1.4 Producción mundial / World production............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................18
2.1.5 Prospectiva producción AL&C baja integración / Production forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario .....................................................................................................................................19
2.1.6 Prospectiva producción AL&C alta integración / Production forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario......................................................................................................................................19
2.1.7 Consumo interno AL&C / Domestic consumption LA&C...................................................................................................................................................................................................................20
2.1.8 Consumo interno mundial / World consumption . .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................20
2.1.9 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C baja integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario ........................................................................................................................21
2.1.10 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C alta integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario.........................................................................................................................21
2.1.11 Importación AL&C / Imports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................22
2.1.12 Prospectiva importación AL&C baja integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario...........................................................................................................................................23
2.1.13 Prospectiva importación AL&C alta integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................23
2.1.14 Exportación AL&C / Exports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................24
2.1.15 Prospectiva exportación AL&C baja integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................25
2.1.16 Prospectiva exportación AL&C alta integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................25
2.1.17 Capacidad de refinación AL&C / Refining capacity LA&C.................................................................................................................................................................................................................26
2.1.18 Capacidad de refinación mundial / World refining capacity...............................................................................................................................................................................................................26
2.1.19 Precios internacionales de petróleo / International oil prices...........................................................................................................................................................................................................27
2.1.20 Precios GLP en sector residencial AL&C / LPG prices in the residential sector LA&C.....................................................................................................................................................................28
2.1.21 Precios Fuel Oil en sector industrial AL&C / Fuel Oil prices in the industrial sector LA&C ..............................................................................................................................................................29
2.1.22 Precios Gasolina en sector transporte AL&C / Gasoline prices in the transport sector LA&C..........................................................................................................................................................30
2.1.23 Precios Diesel Oil en sector transporte AL&C / Diesel Oil prices in the transport sector LA&C........................................................................................................................................................31
2.1.24 Precios Jet Fuel en sector transporte AL&C / Jet Fuel prices in the transport sector LA&C.............................................................................................................................................................32

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2.2 GAS NATURAL / NATURAL GAS


2.2.1 Reservas probadas AL&C / Proven Reserves LA&C........................................................................................................................................................................................................................35
2.2.2 Reservas probadas mundiales / World reserves...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................35
2.2.3 Producción AL&C / Production LA&C................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36
2.2.4 Producción mundial / World production............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36
2.2.5 Prospectiva producción AL&C baja integración / Production forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario .....................................................................................................................................37
2.2.6 Prospectiva producción AL&C alta integración / Production forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario......................................................................................................................................37
2.2.7 Consumo interno AL&C / Domestic consumption LA&C...................................................................................................................................................................................................................38
2.2.8 Consumo interno mundial / World consumption . .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................38
2.2.9 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C baja integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario.........................................................................................................................39
2.2.10 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C alta integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario.........................................................................................................................39
2.2.11 Importación AL&C / Imports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................40
2.2.12 Prospectiva importación AL&C baja integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario...........................................................................................................................................41
2.2.13 Prospectiva importación AL&C alta integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................41
2.2.14 Exportación AL&C / Exports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................42
2.2.15 Prospectiva exportación AL&C baja integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................43
2.2.16 Prospectiva exportación AL&C alta integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................43
2.2.17 Precios GN en sector residencial AL&C / NG prices in the residential sector LA&C.........................................................................................................................................................................44
2.2.18 Precios GN en sector industrial AL&C / NG prices in the industrial sector LA&C.............................................................................................................................................................................45

2.3 CARBÓN MINERAL / COAL


2.3.1 Reservas probadas AL&C / Proven Reserves LA&C........................................................................................................................................................................................................................49
2.3.2 Reservas probadas mundiales / Proven World reserves..................................................................................................................................................................................................................49
2.3.3 Producción AL&C / Production LA&C................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50
2.3.4 Producción mundial / World production............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50
2.3.5 Prospectiva producción AL&C baja integración / Production forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario .....................................................................................................................................51
2.3.6 Prospectiva producción AL&C alta integración / Production forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario......................................................................................................................................51
2.3.7 Consumo interno AL&C / Domestic consumption LA&C...................................................................................................................................................................................................................52
2.3.8 Consumo interno mundial / World consumption . .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................52
2.3.9 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C baja integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario ........................................................................................................................53
2.3.10 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C alta integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario.........................................................................................................................53
2.3.11 Importación AL&C / Imports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................54

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT



2.3.12 Prospectiva importación AL&C baja integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario...........................................................................................................................................55
2.3.13 Prospectiva importación AL&C alta integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................55
2.3.14 Exportación AL&C / Exports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................56
2.3.15 Prospectiva exportación AL&C baja integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................57
2.3.16 Prospectiva exportación AL&C alta integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................57

2.4 ELECTRICIDAD / ELECTRICITY


2.4.1 Potencial hidroeléctrico AL&C / Hydropower potential LA&C............................................................................................................................................................................................................61
2.4.2 Generación AL&C / Electricity generation LA&C...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................62
2.4.3 Generación mundial / World electricity generation............................................................................................................................................................................................................................62
2.4.4 Generación por tipo de planta AL&C / Electricity generation by type of plant...................................................................................................................................................................................63
2.4.5 Generación mundial por tipo de planta/ World electricity generation by type of plant.......................................................................................................................................................................63
2.4.6 Prospectiva generación AL&C baja integración / Electricity generation forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario......................................................................................................................64
2.4.7 Prospectiva generación AL&C alta integración / Electricity generation forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario......................................................................................................................64
2.4.8 Consumo interno AL&C / Domestic consumption LA&C...................................................................................................................................................................................................................65
2.4.9 Consumo interno mundial / World consumption . .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................65
2.4.10 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C baja integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario ........................................................................................................................66
2.4.11 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C alta integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario.........................................................................................................................66
2.4.12 Importación AL&C / Imports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................67
2.4.13 Prospectiva importación AL&C baja integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario...........................................................................................................................................68
2.4.14 Prospectiva importación AL&C alta integración / Imports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................68
2.4.15 Exportación AL&C / Exports LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................69
2.4.16 Prospectiva exportación AL&C baja integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................70
2.4.17 Prospectiva exportación AL&C alta integración / Exports forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario..........................................................................................................................................70
2.4.18 Capacidad instalada total AL&C / Total installed capacity LA&C.......................................................................................................................................................................................................71
2.4.19 Capacidad instalada AL&C por tipo de planta / Installed capacity by type of plant in LA&C.............................................................................................................................................................71
2.4.20 Precios electricidad en sector residencial AL&C / Electricity prices in the residential sector LA&C..................................................................................................................................................72
2.4.21 Precios electricidad en sector industrial AL&C / Electricity prices in the industrial sector LA&C.......................................................................................................................................................73
2.4.22 Precios electricidad en sector comercial AL&C / Electricity prices in the commercial sector LA&C..................................................................................................................................................74

2.5 BIOMASA / BIOMASS


2.5.1 Producción de bagazo de caña en AL&C / Bagasse production LA&C.............................................................................................................................................................................................77
2.5.2 Producción de leña en AL&C / Firewood production LA&C...............................................................................................................................................................................................................78

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2.5.3 Oferta - Demanda de etanol en AL&C / Supply – Demand ethanol LAC&C.....................................................................................................................................................................................79
2.5.4 Consumo interno de biomasa en AL&C / Domestic biomass consumption LA&C............................................................................................................................................................................80
2.5.5 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C baja integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - low integration scenario.........................................................................................................................81
2.5.6 Prospectiva consumo interno AL&C alta integración / Consumption forecasting LA&C - high integration scenario.........................................................................................................................81

3 BALANCES DE ENERGÍA 2006 / ENERGY BALANCES 2006


3.1 Balance de América Latina y el Caribe / Energy balance of Latin America and the Caribbean.....................................................................................................................................................................85
3.2 Balances Países Miembros de OLADE / Energy balances of OLADE Member Countries.....................................................................................................................................................................86 - 98

4 DEMANDA DE ENERGÍA 2006 AL&C / ENERGY DEMAND 2006 LA&C


4.1 Demanda de Energía AL&C / Energy Demand LA&C....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................101
4.2 Demanda de Energía por país / Energy Demand by country................................................................................................................................................................................................................102 - 108

5 IMPACTO AMBIENTAL AL&C / ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT LA&C


5.1 Producción de emisiones de CO2 total / Total CO2 emissions production..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111
5.2 Producción de emisiones de SOx / SOx emissions production..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111
5.3 Producción de emisiones de CO / CO emissions production......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112
5.4 Producción de emisiones de NOx / NOx emissions production..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112
5.5 Producción de emisiones de HC / HC emissions production........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 113
5.6 Evolución emisiones CO2 sector transporte / CO2 emissions growth – transport sector.............................................................................................................................................................................. 114
5.7 Evolución emisiones CO2 sector residencial / CO2 emissions growth – residential sector............................................................................................................................................................................ 115
5.8 Evolución emisiones CO2 sector industrial / CO2 emissions growth – industrial sector................................................................................................................................................................................. 116
5.9 Evolución emisiones CO2 en la generación eléctrica / CO2 emissions growth – electricity generation sector.............................................................................................................................................. 117
5.10 Evolución emisiones CO2 en consumo propio sector energético / CO2 emissions growth – own consumption energy sector..................................................................................................................... 118
5.11 Reducción emisiones mundiales proyectos MDL (2007) / World emissions reduced by CDM projects (2007)............................................................................................................................................. 119
5.12 Reducción emisiones AL&C bajo proyectos MDL (2007) / Reduced emissions by CDM projects in LA&C (2007)......................................................................................................................................120

6 INFORMACIÓN SECTORIAL AL&C


6.1 Consumo energía sector industrial / Energy consumption - industrial sector................................................................................................................................................................................................123
6.2 Consumo energía sector residencial / Energy consumption - residential sector............................................................................................................................................................................................123
6.3 Consumo energía sector comercial, servicios y público / Energy consumption - commercial, services and public sector............................................................................................................................124
6.4 Consumo energía sector transporte / Energy consumption - transport sector...............................................................................................................................................................................................124
6.5 Participación energéticos en demanda final sector industrial / Share of energy sources in final energy demand - industrial sector............................................................................................................125

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6.6 Participación energéticos en demanda final sector residencial / Share of energy sources in final energy demand - residential sector........................................................................................................125
6.7 Participación energéticos en demanda final sector comercial, servicios y público / Share of energy sources in final energy demand - commercial and services sector...................................................126
6.8 Participación energéticos en demanda final sector transporte (incluye GNV y GLP) / Share of energy sources in final energy demand - transport sector (Includes: NCGV and LPG)............................126

7 INDICADORES AL&C / INDICATORS LA&C


7.1 Resumen regional de indicadores de sostenibilidad / Regional summary of sustainability indicators...........................................................................................................................................................129
7.2 Elasticidad demanda PIB / Elasticity demand - GDP.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................130
7.3 Intensidad energética / Energy intensity........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................130
7.4 Intensidad energética industrial / Industrial energy intensity..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................131
7.5 Consumo final de energía per cápita / Final energy consumption per capita...............................................................................................................................................................................................132
7.6 Consumo de energía residencial per cápita / Residential energy consumption per capita............................................................................................................................................................................132
7.7 Saldo externo (Exportación – Importación) / Oferta Total Energética - External balance: (Exports - Imports) / Total Energy Supply...........................................................................................................133
7.8 Consumo de electricidad residencial per cápita / Per capita residential electricity consumption..................................................................................................................................................................134
7.9 Consumo de electricidad total per cápita/ Per capita total electricity consumption........................................................................................................................................................................................135
7.10 Cobertura eléctrica total / Total electricity coverage.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................136
7.11 Participación de la autogeneración en la generación total / Share of autoproduction in total electricity generation......................................................................................................................................137
7.12 Participación de hidroenergía en capacidad instalada total / Share of hydro energy in total installed capacity............................................................................................................................................138
7.13 Consumo de leña per cápita / Per capita firewood consumption...................................................................................................................................................................................................................139
7.14 Participación de la leña en la demanda final de energía / Firewood share in the residential sector demand................................................................................................................................................140
7.15 Emisiones totales de CO2 per cápita / CO2 emissions per capita..................................................................................................................................................................................................................141
7.16 Intensidad de emisiones de CO2 / CO2 emissions intensity...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................142
7.17 Emisiones de CO2 / demanda final - CO2 emissions / final demand..............................................................................................................................................................................................................142
7.18 Emisiones de CO2 sector eléctrico / generación - CO2 emissions electricity sector / electricity generation..................................................................................................................................................143
7.19 Emisiones CO2 transporte / consumo en transporte - CO2 emissions transport sector / consumption.........................................................................................................................................................143
7.20 Emisiones CO2 / consumo industria - CO2 emissions industrial consumption...............................................................................................................................................................................................144
7.21 Relación: reservas / producción de petróleo - Rate: oil reserves / oil production..........................................................................................................................................................................................145
7.22 Relación: reservas / producción de gas natural - Rate: natural gas reserves / natural gas production.........................................................................................................................................................143

8 APÉNDICES / APPENDICES
8.1 Definiciones / Definitions.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................149 - 154
8.2 Acrónimos y Abreviaturas / Acronyms & Abbreviations..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................155
8.3 Factores de conversión / Conversion factors.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................156

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Consideraciones Generales / General Considerations
12
Consideraciones Generales General Considerations
OLADE presenta datos estadísticos del sector energético de América Latina y el Caribe OLADE presents energy statistical data of Latin American and The Caribbean (LA&C)
(AL&C) en el “Informe de Estadísticas Energéticas 2006”, el cual está estructurado por los in the “ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT 2006”, which is structured by the following
siguientes segmentos: sections:
1) Información Estadística de AL&C y el Mundo e Información 1) LA&C and The World Statistics Information and LA&C
Prospectiva de AL&C Forecasting Information.
2) Balances de Energía; 2) Energy Balances;
3) Demanda de Energía; 3) Energy Demand;
4) Impacto Ambiental; 4) Environmental Impact;
5) Información Sectorial, e; 5) Sectorial Information, and;
6) Indicadores.
6) Indicators.
El primer segmento presenta estadísticas anuales de los distintos energéticos incluyendo
The first section presents annual statistical data with respect to different energy sources,
datos de consumo, importación, exportación, precios, tasas de crecimiento, entre otros.
including, among others, consumption, imports, exports, prices and growth rate data. This
Contiene información histórica de hace 10 años (1997), del año previo al de análisis
(2005) y del actual (2006). Asimismo se indica la tasa de crecimiento promedio anual de la section also contains historic information for the past 10 years (since 1997), information
última década (1997–2006) y el crecimiento experimentado en el 2006 con relación al año of the previous year, (2005), as well as (2006) analysis. Likewise, the annual average
anterior (2005-2006). Todo este trabajo está basado en información histórica contenida growth rate table from a decade ago is presented (1997-2006), along with that referred to
en el Sistema de Información Económica Energética (SIEE) de OLADE. the previous year (2005-2006). All this information is based on the historic information
contained in the Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) of OLADE.
Con el objetivo de poder realizar un análisis comparativo entre las estadísticas de Latino-
américa y el Caribe con el resto del mundo, se presenta dentro de este primer segmento In order to carry out a comparative analysis between Latin American and the Caribbean
estadísticas regionales y mundiales al 2006. and the rest of the World, regional and worldwide statistics up to 2006 are presented in
this first section.
Además, en este primer segmento, se exhibe información energética prospectiva de los
países miembros de OLADE al 2018. Estos datos de oferta y demanda de energía son Likewise, forecasting energy information up to 2018 of OLADE member countries are
un resumen de los resultados obtenidos del estudio “Prospectiva Energética de América presented in this first section. These energy demand and supply data represent a summary
Latina y el Caribe 2005”, elaborado por OLADE con el apoyo financiero de la of the results of the study “Energy Forecasting for Latin America and The Caribbean
Comisión Europea. Mayores detalles sobre las hipótesis empleadas, la metodología 2005,”developed by OLADE with the financial support of the European Commission.
aplicada y sobre las cifras y resultados, pueden ser consultados directamente en el men- In-depth information about the hypothesis used, the methodology applied, figures and
cionado estudio, que en términos generales contemplados escenarios de integración. results can be found directly in the referred study that, in general terms, considers the two
Escenario de Baja Integración Energética: Considera la consolidación de muy following integration scenarios:
pocos proyectos de infraestructura principalmente en gas natural y electricidad, Low Energy Integration Scenario: Implies the consolidation of limited infra-
lo que se espera repercuta en una menor competitividad y bajas tasas de structure projects, essentially in the natural gas and electricity sectors, which
crecimiento. Para el caso del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), se consideró las in turn results in lower competitive scenarios and low growth rates. Gross
tasas de 3.8%, 3.4% y 3.3 % para los periodos 2005-2010, 2010-2015 y Domestic Product (GDP) rates of 3.8%, 3.4% and 3.3% were considered for
2015-2020 respectivamente.
the periods 2005-2010, 2010-2015 and 2015-2020 respectively.

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Consideraciones Generales / General Considerations
13
Escenario de Alta Integración Energética: Considera la consolidación de High Energy Integration Scenario: Implies the consolidation of a large number
un mayor número de proyectos de infraestructura principalmente en gas of infrastructure projects, essentially in the natural gas and electricity sectors,
natural y electricidad que permitirá mayor competitividad y por ende un which in turn results in higher competitive scenarios and regional growth. Gross
mayor crecimiento regional. Para el caso del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) Domestic Product (GDP) rates of 4.8%, 4.5% and 4.5% were considered for
se consideró las tasas de 4.8%, 4.5% y 4.5 % para los periodos 2005-2010, the periods of 2005-2010, 2010-2015 and 2015-2020 respectively.
2010-2015 y 2015-2020 respectivamente.
The second section presents Energy Balances by countries that describe the source and
El segundo segmento presenta los Balances Energéticos de los países de OLADE, que activities that are included in the energy matrices of each country.
describen las fuentes y actividades que constituyen las matrices energéticas de cada
país. The third section shows in graphic style the structure of the energy demand of each OLADE
member countries.
El tercer segmento, muestra en forma gráfica la estructura de la demanda de energía de
cada uno de los Países Miembros. The fourth section corresponding to Environmental Impact, shows historic data of
pollutant gas emissions found in the last decades. This version includes data related
El cuarto segmento correspondiente a Impacto Ambiental, exhibe datos históricos de
to the amount of emissions reduced due to the implementation of approved projects
emisiones de gases contaminantes de las últimas décadas. Esta edición incluye datos de
la cantidad de emisiones reducidas por la implementación de proyectos aprobados por el
until October 2007, by Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), in the countries of
Mecanismo de Desarrollo Limpio (MDL) hasta octubre 2007, en los países de la Región the Region and the participation of Latin American in the Carbon Market.
y la participación de Latinoamérica en el Mercado del Carbono. The fifth section presents energy statistics with respect to the final energy consumption
El quinto segmento presenta estadísticas energéticas referentes a la estructura del consumo structure and to the participation of energy sources in each Member Country.
final de energía y participación de los energéticos en cada País Miembro.
Finally, in the last section, the report presents indicators that permit a better analysis and
Finalmente, en el último segmento se presenta indicadores que permiten realizar un mejor follow-up of energy, economic, social and environmental variables of the energy sector in
análisis y seguimiento de las variables energéticas, económicas, sociales y ambientales del Latin America and The Caribbean.
sector energético de Latinoamérica y el Caribe.

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Fuentes de Información / Information Sources
14

Fuentes de Información Information Sources


La principal fuente de información del “INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS The main information source for the “ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT 2006” is Energy -
ENERGÉTICAS 2006” es el Sistema de Información Económica Energética SIEE, Economics Information System (SIEE). In this system, OLADE keeps a statistics database of the
donde OLADE mantiene su base de datos estadísticos del sector energético de América energy sector of Latin America and The Caribbean since 1970.
Latina y Caribe, desde 1970.
SIEE processes the information and makes it possible to receive a reliable and up-to-date information
El SIEE, procesa la información y permite tener al alcance un servicio informativo
confiable y actualizado sobre las principales variables energéticas, económicas y service of the most important energy, economic and energy-economic variables of the energy sector in the
económica-energéticas para el sector energético regional y mundial. Esta información region and in the world. This information is provided first by the Ministries and Energy Secretariats
es proporcionada por los Ministerios y Secretarías de Energía de los 26 Países Miembros, of the 26 Member Countries. After this, the information is validated and checked by experts at the
es validada y verificada por expertos de la Secretaría Permanente de OLADE e ingresada OLADE’s Permanent Secretariat and finally it is entered in the database.
a la base de datos.
OLADE member countries are: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Los países que conforman la Organización son: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haití,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Dominican Republic, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago,
Honduras, Jamaica, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, República Dominicana,
Suriname, Trinidad y Tobago, Uruguay y Venezuela. Uruguay and Venezuela.

El “INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS 2006” ofrece datos estadísticos The “ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT 2006” provides statistical data for the analysis
para análisis del sector energético, y para su complementación utiliza datos mundia- process of the energy sector. As a complement, it uses worldwide macroeconomic and environmental
les, macroeconómicos y ambientales de: British Petroleum Statistical Review of World data from the following sources: the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy 2007 (BP),
Energy 2007 (BP), Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), International Monetary
Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI), Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas Found (IMF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the
para el Cambio Climático (UNFCCC) y del Centro de Investigaciones RISOE con su
Investigation CENTER RISOE along with its project “Capacity Development for CDM”.
programa “Capacity Development for CDM” (CD4CDM).
Los datos energéticos de prospectiva de oferta y demanda, proyectados al año 2018 en The forecasting data of energy demand and supply up to 2018, presented in this document, where
este “Informe”, fueron trabajados sobre la base del ESTUDIO DE PROSPECTIVA developed from the study ENERGY FORECASTING FOR LATIN AMERICA AND
DE AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 2005. THE CARIBBEAN 2005.

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


2. Estadísticas 2006 y Prospectiva Energética 2018 / Statistics 2006 & Energy Forecasting 2018

2.1 Estadísticas y Prospectiva / Statistics & Forecasting

Petróleo / Oil
Reservas / Reserves
Producción / Production
Importación / Imports
Exportación / Exports
Precios Petróleo y Derivados / Oil & Products Prices
Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
RESERVAS / RESERVES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 17

2.1.1 PETRÓLEO - RESERVAS PROBADAS AL&C (Gbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS DE PETRÓLEO EN AL&C
OIL - PROVEN RESERVES LA&C (Gbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL RESERVES VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 2.62 2.20 2.59 -0.15 17.82
100
BARBADOS 0.002 0.002 0.002 -4.50 -19.15
BOLIVIA 0.14 0.47 0.39 11.93 -15.83 90
BRASIL/BRAZIL 7.11 11.77 18.17 11.00 54.40
CHILE 0.03 0.03 0.03 -0.36 -3.53 80
COLOMBIA 2.58 1.45 1.51 -5.79 3.65
70
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.06 0.05 0.05 -1.10 0.00 60
ECUADOR 3.67 4.87 4.46 2.19 -8.24

Gbbl
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
40
GUATEMALA 0.53 0.49 0.48 -0.99 -1.15
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 20

JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 10


MEXICO 24.32 11.81 10.65 -8.77 -9.87
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL
A

BA

S
EL

BI

AL

VI

AM

IL

O
O

R
IC

G
AZ

U
TI
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

PE

D
AD

H
BA
M

LI
EX
U

C
R

IN

BA
C
EN

LO

BO
EZ

E
/B

TO
M

R
AT

R
EC

G
IL

O
N

SU
PERU 0.32 0.38 0.35 1.02 -7.40

BA
AR

&
C
AS

U
VE

G
AD
BR

ID
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

IN
TR
SURINAME 0.02 0.11 0.10 17.15 -4.56
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.53 0.94 0.89 5.89 -5.25
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 74.93 80.55 87.04 1.68 8.05 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

AL&C / LA&C 116.87 115.11 126.72 0.90 10.08

2.1.2 PETRÓLEO - RESERVAS PROBADAS MUNDIALES (Gbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS MUNDIALES DE PETRÓLEO
OIL - PROVEN WORLD RESERVES (Gbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL RESERVES VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
800
AFRICA / AFRICA 74.72 114.27 117.17 5.13 2.54
700
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE
600
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 116.87 115.11 126.72 0.90 10.08
500
Gbbl

ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA .
400
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 55.84 40.51 40.51 -3.50 0.00
300
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
200
WESTERN EUROPE 21.10 17.53 16.20 -2.90 -7.59
100
NORTEAMERICA.
0
NORTH AMERICA 41.21 47.01 47.01 1.48 0.00
ORIENTE MEDIO / AL&C - LA&C URSS-EUROPA AFRICA ASIA & NORTEAMERICA / EUROPA
ORIENTE MEDIO MIDDLE EAST ORIENTAL / AUSTRALASIA NORTH AMERICA OCCIDENTAL /
MIDDLE EAST 672.81 742.71 742.75 1.10 0.01 EASTERN EUROPE WESTERN
EUROPE
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL.
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 66.53 127.71 128.20 7.56 0.38
MUNDO / WORLD 1,049.07 1,204.85 1,218.56 1.68 1.14 REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
18 PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.3 PETRÓLEO - PRODUCCIÓN AL&C (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE PETRÓLEO EN AL&C
OIL PRODUCTION LA&C (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL PRODUCTION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 304.44 241.16 240.59 -2.58 -0.24 1,400
BARBADOS 0.33 0.46 0.37 1.19 -21.32
BOLIVIA 11.91 15.42 14.88 2.51 -3.47
1,200
BRASIL/BRAZIL 317.33 597.46 630.45 7.93 5.52
CHILE 2.06 1.21 1.06 -7.09 -12.16
COLOMBIA 238.15 192.03 193.60 -2.27 0.82 1,000
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 10.78 21.12 20.87 7.62 -1.20
800
ECUADOR 141.71 194.17 195.65 3.65 0.76

Mbbl
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00 600
GUATEMALA 7.13 6.73 5.89 -2.10 -12.41
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
400
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
MEXICO 1,103.04 1,143.21 1,245.85 1.36 8.98
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

BA

IA

S
EL

BI

AL

AM

IL

O
O

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IC

G
AZ

V
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PE

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H
BA
M

LI
EX
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M
C
R

IN

BA
C
EN

LO

BO
EZ
PERU 43.03 27.54 28.31 -4.54 2.81

E
/B

TO
M

R
AT

R
EC
G
IL

O
N

SU

BA
AR

&
C
AS

U
VE

G
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

AD
BR

ID
IN
SURINAME 1.80 4.66 4.80 11.50 2.93

TR
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 45.20 52.81 52.10 1.59 -1.33
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 1,228.87 1,215.40 1,311.00 0.72 7.87 1997 2005 2006
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 3,455.77 3,713.38 3,945.43 1.48 6.25

2.1.4 PETRÓLEO - PRODUCCIÓN MUNDIAL (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN MUNDIAL DE PETRÓLEO
OIL - WORLD PRODUCTION (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL PRODUCTION VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
AFRICA / AFRICA 2,395.23 3,593.65 3,646.24 4.78 1.46 10,000

AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 8,000


LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 3,455.77 3,713.38 3,945.43 1.48 6.25
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA 6,000
Mbbl

ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 2,411.48 2,893.10 2,898.49 2.06 0.19


4,000
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
WESTERN EUROPE 1,760.88 2,077.98 1,921.12 0.97 -7.55 2,000
NORTEAMERICA
NORTH AMERICA 3,607.83 3,626.53 3,656.39 0.15 0.82 0
ORIENTE MEDIO / URSS-EUROPA NORTEAMERICA / AL&C - LA&C AFRICA ASIA & EUROPA
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 6,588.99 9,253.64 9,339.99 3.95 0.93 MIDDLE EAST ORIENTAL / NORTH AMERICA AUSTRALASIA OCCIDENTAL -
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL EASTERN EUROPE WESTERN
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 3,251.01 4,321.63 4,489.19 3.65 3.88 EUROPE

MUNDO / WORLD 23,471.18 29,479.92 29,896.85 2.73 1.41


FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1996 2004 2005

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 19
2.1.5 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Mbbl) PRODUCCIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL PRODUCTION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
1,800
ARGENTINA 266.79 170.58 176.31 182.43 -2.50
BOLIVIA 14.20 16.93 18.98 21.07 2.67 1,600
BRASIL / BRAZIL 572.52 682.50 775.53 882.54 2.93
1,400
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 86.82 86.82 86.82 86.82 0.00
CHILE 1.26 1.87 2.44 3.24 6.50 1,200
COLOMBIA 177.03 164.76 190.92 200.78 0.84
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000

Mbbl
ECUADOR 152.53 151.55 164.44 170.17 0.73
800
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 8.94 9.02 9.10 9.19 0.18 600
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
400
MEXICO 1,221.79 1,304.20 1,308.65 1,361.64 0.73
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
VENEZUELA MEXICO BRASIL ARGENTINA COLOMBIA ECUADOR CARIBE / PERU BOLIVIA GUATEMALA CHILE
PERU 42.02 32.40 42.76 44.74 0.42 BRAZIL CARIBBEAN (*)
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 974.80 1,237.27 1,515.47 1,802.12 4.18
AL&C / LA&C 3,518.70 3,857.90 4,291.43 4,764.74 2.04
PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period OIL PRODUCERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.1.6 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Mbbl) PRODUCCIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL PRODUCTION IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 266.79 260.39 244.47 262.70 -0.10
1,800
BOLIVIA 14.20 23.81 20.73 24.51 3.71
BRASIL / BRAZIL 572.52 871.24 982.40 1,077.68 4.31 1,600
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 86.82 86.82 86.82 86.82 0.00 1,400
CHILE 1.26 6.52 16.09 34.58 24.71
1,200
COLOMBIA 177.03 169.35 199.26 213.41 1.25
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000
Mbbl

ECUADOR 152.53 159.81 183.82 189.13 1.44 800


EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
600
GUATEMALA 8.94 8.88 8.81 8.76 -0.14
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400
MEXICO 1,221.79 1,339.27 1,366.43 1,448.36 1.14 200
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 VENEZUELA MEXICO BRASIL ARGENTINA COLOMBIA ECUADOR CARIBE / PERU BOLIVIA CHILE GUATEMALA
BRAZIL CARIBBEAN (*)
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 42.02 32.40 42.76 44.74 0.42
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 974.80 1,241.78 1513.16 1,798.84 4.17 PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
AL&C / LA&C 3,518.70 4,200.26 4,664.75 5,189.52 2.62 OIL PRODUCERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
20 CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.7 PETRÓLEO - CONSUMO INTERNO AL&C (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DELCONSUMO INTERNO DE PETRÓLEO EN AL&C
OIL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION LA&C (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) DOMESTIC OIL CONSUMPTION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 189.68 187.03 216.15 1.46 15.57 700
BARBADOS 1.65 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 16.18 14.72 16.20 0.01 10.04
600
BRASIL/BRAZIL 530.92 629.88 622.85 1.79 -1.12
CHILE 61.97 76.57 79.16 2.76 3.39
COLOMBIA 110.77 110.55 116.22 0.53 5.12 500
COSTA RICA 4.50 3.88 5.08 1.37 30.97
CUBA 18.84 40.11 44.00 9.88 9.72
400

Mbbl
ECUADOR 48.18 55.84 58.10 2.10 4.04
EL SALVADOR 5.69 7.13 6.20 0.96 -12.95
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00 300
GUATEMALA 5.67 0.75 0.93 -18.20 23.76
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
200
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 5.13 6.87 7.41 4.17 7.85 100
MEXICO 471.93 488.10 530.03 1.30 8.59
NICARAGUA 5.46 5.83 5.85 0.78 0.38
0
PANAMA 14.84 0.00 0.00

AZ SIL

AY

AY
O

BA

IA

S
EP
EL

BI

IL

AM

IC

AM

AL

O
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O
IC

V
IL

U
U
PARAGUAY 1.11 0.24 0.00 -100.00

TI

AI

AG
PE

D
BR RA

.R
H

AD

AD
BA
M

LI

R
EX

EM
G

AG
C

IN

BA
C
EN

M
LO

BO
EZ

A
U
M

LV

AR
B

TO

PA
M

JA

R
ST

AT

R
R

R
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EC
G

SU
N

SA
PERU 55.51 58.47 55.25 -0.05 -5.52

PA
U

IC

BA
D
AR

O
&
C

U
VE

G
./
AD

EL
M
O
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 16.29 15.19 14.47 -1.31 -4.78

ID

.D
IN

EP
TR
SURINAME 1.46 3.99 4.11 12.23 2.93

R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 36.40 65.33 58.39 5.39 -10.62
URUGUAY 10.32 15.51 13.91 3.38 -10.29
VENEZUELA 391.00 383.41 406.00 0.42 5.89 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

AL&C / LA&C 2,003.50 2,169.41 2,260.31 1.35 4.19


Nota: CONSUMO INTERNO : Incluye lo destinado a procesos de transformación más el consumo propio y pérdidas, más el consumo final de los diferentes sectores
económicos.
Note: DOMESTIC SUPPLY: It includes what is part of the transformation process plus self-consumption and losses, plus the final consumption of the different
economical sectors

2.1.8 PETRÓLEO - CONSUMO INTERNO MUNDIAL (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO MUNDIAL DE PETRÓLEO
OIL - WORLD CONSUMPTION (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) WORLD OIL CONSUMPTION VARIATION
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
10,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 784.70 996.68 1,018.24 2.94 2.16
8,000
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 2,003.50 2,169.41 2,260.31 1.35 4.19 6,000
Mbbl

ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA .
4,000
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 6,676.03 8,867.47 8,974.93 3.34 1.21
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL 2,000
WESTERN EUROPE 5,397.75 7,414.64 7,475.97 3.69 0.83
0
NORTEAMERICA . ASIA & NORTEAMERICA / EUROPA AL&C - LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO / URSS-EUROPA AFRICA
NORTH AMERICA 6,724.31 8,413.07 8,326.07 2.40 -1.03 AUSTRALASIA NORTH AMERICA OCCIDENTAL / MIDDLE EAST ORIENTAL /
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 1,438.25 2,084.72 2,161.79 4.63 3.70 WESTERN EASTERN EUROPE
EUROPE
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL.
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 1,346.02 1,394.03 1,458.73 0.90 4.64
MUNDO / WORLD 24,370.55 31,340.02 31,676.03 2.96 1.07
REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 21
2.1.9 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Mbbl) CONSUMO INTERNO DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
OIL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Mbbl) PROJECTED OIL CONSUMPTION IN AL&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 186.22 178.35 184.94 193.22 0.25 900
BOLIVIA 11.18 13.69 15.45 17.48 3.02 800
BRASIL / BRAZIL 616.78 703.46 775.53 882.54 2.42 700
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 126.00 134.96 148.25 167.76 1.93 600
CHILE 74.11 90.76 116.72 149.07 4.77

Mbbl
500
COLOMBIA 93.74 73.47 82.70 92.86 -0.06 400
COSTA RICA 3.78 3.78 3.78 3.78 0.00
300
ECUADOR 57.77 56.72 69.54 75.20 1.77
200
EL SALVADOR 6.79 6.79 6.79 6.79 0.00
100
GUATEMALA 0.77 0.85 0.93 1.02 1.87
0
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL

AY

AY
O

IA

A
E
)
(*
EL

BI

IC

AL
O

O
IC
AZ

IL
MEXICO 498.38 580.79 585.24 638.23 1.66

BE E

U
TI

AG
PE
AD

AD
IB RIB
AN

LI
H

R
EX

EM
G

AG
R

EN

LO

BO
EZ

A
U
/B

LV

AR
U
M

ST
AR CA

AT
R
R
NICARAGUA 6.27 6.27 6.27 6.27 0.00

EC
G

O
N

SA

PA
U

IC
IL

AR

O
C

U
VE
AS

G
EL
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

BR

C
PARAGUAY 0.60 2.19 2.63 2.64 10.33
PERU 60.70 63.37 63.37 63.37 0.29
URUGUAY 11.45 13.89 14.27 15.33 1.96 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 349.80 386.13 438.18 498.69 2.39
AL&C / LA&C 2,104.35 2,315.45 2,514.62 2,814.24 1.96
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.1.10 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Mbbl) / OIL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Mbbl) CONSUMO INTERNO DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL CONSUMPTION IN AL&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 186.22 224.41 244.47 262.70 2.32
BOLIVIA 11.18 19.84 14.89 15.88 2.37
1,000
BRASIL / BRAZIL 616.78 809.56 951.56 1,077.68 3.79
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 126.00 140.89 167.52 214.84 3.62
800
CHILE 74.11 110.12 135.96 160.70 5.30
COLOMBIA 93.74 78.05 91.05 105.48 0.79 Mbbl 600
COSTA RICA 3.78 3.78 3.78 3.78 0.00
ECUADOR 57.77 54.67 68.30 63.22 0.60 400
EL SALVADOR 6.79 6.79 6.79 6.79 0.00
200
GUATEMALA 0.77 0.71 0.64 0.59 -1.83
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
MEXICO 498.38 615.86 643.02 724.95 2.53
IL

AY

AY
O

A
EL

IL

BI

VI

IC

AL
R

O
IC
AZ

NICARAGUA 6.27 6.27 6.27 6.27 0.00

U
TI

AG
PE
H

AD

AD
(*

LI

R
EX

BE E
U

EM
G

AG
R

C
EN

LO

BO
IB RIB
AN
EZ

A
U
/B

LV

AR
U
M

ST

AT
R
R
EC
G
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

O
N

SA

PA
AR CA

IC
IL

AR

O
C

U
VE
AS

G
EL
BR

PARAGUAY 0.60 3.22 4.95 7.42 18.19

C
PERU 60.70 63.37 63.37 63.37 0.29
URUGUAY 11.45 17.12 17.92 19.56 3.63
VENEZUELA 349.80 382.46 419.50 470.87 2.00 2003 2008 2013 2018
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 2,104.35 2,537.12 2,840.00 3,204.10 2.84
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
22 IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.11 PETRÓLEO - IMPORTACIÓN AL&C (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE PETRÓLEO EN AL&C
OIL - IMPORTS LA&C (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL IMPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 6.64 1.53 0.56 -23.98 -63.12
250
BARBADOS 1.30 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL/BRAZIL 216.66 130.41 122.14 -6.17 -6.33
CHILE 60.50 75.17 77.79 2.83 3.48 200
COLOMBIA 0.00 2.66 2.84 6.72
COSTA RICA 4.56 3.91 4.85 0.68 24.02
CUBA 8.07 18.98 23.13 12.42 21.87 150
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mbbl
EL SALVADOR 5.80 7.33 6.22 0.78 -15.13
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
100
GUATEMALA 5.62 0.00 0.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
JAMAICA 5.13 6.87 7.48 4.28 8.87
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00
NICARAGUA 5.33 5.56 5.85 1.04 5.27
0
PANAMA 14.83 34.29 34.80 9.94 1.49

.
O

EP
IL

A
A
A

S
AY
A
AY

A
A
E

BA
G
PARAGUAY 1.12 0.25 0.00 -100.00

AL
O

IC

N
AZ

O
BI
C
AM
IL

.R
BA

U
U

AG

TI
D

D
AI
U

M
PE
H

EM
R

AG
G

BA
EN
C
N

M
C

LO
TO

A
/B

LV
U

AR
PA

ST
O
PERU 29.10 34.99 36.94 2.69 5.58

JA

AT

R
R
IL

O
SA
D

PA
&

IC

BA
U

AR
AS

C
./
AD

G
EL
M
BR
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 16.29 15.44 14.86 -1.01 -3.71

O
ID

.D
IN

EP
TR
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 14.30 34.60 34.16 10.16 -1.29
URUGUAY 10.84 14.79 13.53 2.49 -8.53
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
AL&C / LA&C 406.10 386.77 385.16 -0.59 -0.42

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 23
2.1.12 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Mbbl) IMPORTACIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL IMPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 1.77 7.77 8.63 10.79 12.81 160
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
140
BRASIL / BRAZIL 134.42 67.21 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 65.93 74.89 88.19 107.70 3.33 120
CHILE 72.01 88.89 114.28 145.83 4.82
100
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mbbl
COSTA RICA 3.76 3.76 3.76 3.76 0.00 80
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
60
EL SALVADOR 6.99 6.99 6.99 6.99 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
20
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NICARAGUA 6.27 6.27 6.27 6.27 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 CHILE CARIBE / BRASIL / PERU URUGUAY ARGENTINA EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PARAGUAY
CARIBBEAN (*) BRAZIL
PARAGUAY 0.59 2.19 2.63 2.64 10.51
PERU 30.30 41.12 31.26 28.53 -0.40
URUGUAY 11.93 13.89 14.27 15.33 1.68
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
OIL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 333.97 312.96 276.28 327.82 -0.12
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.1.13 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Mbbl) IMPORTACIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL IMPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 1.77 0.00 0.00 0.00 160
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 140
BRASIL / BRAZIL 134.42 0.00 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 65.93 80.82 107.45 154.78 5.85 120
CHILE 72.01 103.61 119.87 126.13 3.81 100
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Mbbl
80
COSTA RICA 3.76 3.76 3.76 3.76 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 60
EL SALVADOR 6.99 6.99 6.99 6.99 0.00
40
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
NICARAGUA 6.27 6.27 6.27 6.27 0.00 CHILE CARIBE BRASIL PERU URUGUAY EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA PARAGUAY COSTA RICA ARGENTINA
CARIBBEAN (*) BRAZIL
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.59 3.22 4.95 7.42 18.38
PERU 30.30 41.12 31.26 28.53 -0.40
URUGUAY 11.93 17.12 17.92 19.56 3.35 PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
OIL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 333.97 262.90 298.46 353.41 0.38
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
24 EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.14 PETRÓLEO - EXPORTACIÓN AL&C (Mbbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE PETRÓLEO EN AL&C
OIL - EXPORTS LA&C (Mbbl) Average Growth Rate (%) OIL EXPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 121.56 54.39 25.01 -16.11 -54.01 1,000
BARBADOS 0.00 0.46 0.37 -21.32
BOLIVIA 0.00 4.43 5.13 15.79 900
BRASIL/BRAZIL 0.96 100.18 134.32 73.12 34.08
800
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00
COLOMBIA 126.50 83.48 79.97 -4.97 -4.21
700
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00 600
ECUADOR 91.38 131.59 136.65 4.57 3.84

Mbbl
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 500
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
400
GUATEMALA 6.53 5.98 5.62 -1.65 -6.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00 300
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 628.09 654.30 718.35 1.50 9.79 100

NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00


0
PANAMA 0.00 35.09 34.80 -0.83

O
IL

A
A

S
A

E
R

U
O

A
G

AL
EL

AZ

O
BI

AM
O

AM
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

VI
R
IC

BA
TI

D
AD

PE
M

LI
EM
U

EX

BA
IN
EN

N
LO

TO
EZ

BO
/B
U

PA

R
M

AT

R
PERU 16.59 4.71 8.71 -6.91 84.86

IL

G
EC

O
N

SU
&

BA
AS

AR

U
VE

AD

G
BR
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

ID
IN
TR
SURINAME 0.34 0.67 0.69 8.17 2.93
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 20.30 21.67 29.02 4.05 33.92
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 864.36 835.78 885.00 0.26 5.89 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
AL&C / LA&C 1,876.60 1,932.74 2,063.63 1.06 6.77

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 25
2.1.15 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Mbbl) EXPORTACIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL EXPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
1,400
ARGENTINA 82.77 0.00 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 3.02 3.24 3.53 3.60 1.17 1,200
BRASIL / BRAZIL 92.52 46.26 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 27.25 27.25 27.25 27.25 0.00 1,000
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COLOMBIA 83.29 91.30 108.21 107.92 1.74 800

Mbbl
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
600
ECUADOR 94.76 94.83 94.90 94.97 0.02
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400
GUATEMALA 8.17 8.17 8.17 8.17 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
MEXICO 685.51 685.51 685.51 685.51 0.00
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
VENEZUELA MEXICO COLOMBIA ECUADOR BRASIL / BRAZIL CARIBE / ARGENTINA PERU GUATEMALA
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 CARIBBEAN (*)
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 11.62 10.14 10.65 9.89 -1.07
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES EXPORTADORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 625.00 851.14 1,077.29 1,303.43 5.02 OIL EXPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES

AL&C / LA&C 1,713.91 1,817.84 2,015.51 2,240.75 1.80


T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.1.16 PETRÓLEO - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Mbbl) / OIL - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Mbbl) EXPORTACIÓN DE PETRÓLEO AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED OIL EXPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 82.77 35.97 0.00 0.00 1,400
BOLIVIA 3.02 3.96 5.84 8.63 7.25
BRASIL / BRAZIL 92.52 61.68 30.84 0.00 1,200
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 27.25 27.25 27.25 27.25 0.00
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000
COLOMBIA 83.29 91.30 108.21 107.92 1.74
800
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mbbl

ECUADOR 94.76 105.14 115.53 125.91 1.91 600


EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 8.17 8.17 8.17 8.17 0.00 400
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 685.51 685.51 685.51 685.51 0.00 200
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 VENEZUELA MEXICO ECUADOR COLOMBIA BRASIL / BRAZIL ARGENTINA CARIBE / PERU GUATEMALA
CARIBBEAN (*)
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 11.62 10.14 10.65 9.89 -1.07
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES EXPORTADORES DE PETRÓLEO MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 625.00 859.32 1,093.65 1,327.98 5.15 OIL EXPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES

AL&C / LA&C 1,713.91 1,888.46 2,085.64 2,301.27 1.98


T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
26 CAPACIDAD DE REFINACIÓN / REFINING CAPACITY ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.17 PETRÓLEO -  CAPACIDAD DE REFINACIÓN AL&C (kbbl/día) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA CAPACIDAD DE REFINACIÓN EN AL&C
OIL -  REFINING CAPACITY LA&C (kbbl/day) Average Growth Rate (%) REFINING CAPACITY VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 686.00 611.00 611.00 -1.28 0.00
2,500
BARBADOS 5.50 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 47.00 54.00 69.70 4.48 29.07
BRASIL/BRAZIL 1,834.60 2,125.00 2,017.00 1.06 -5.08
CHILE 165.00 237.76 237.76 4.14 0.00 2,000
COLOMBIA 316.00 319.30 319.30 0.12 0.00

kbbl/día - kbbl/day
COSTA RICA 15.00 25.00 25.00 5.84 0.00
CUBA 175.50 150.00 150.00 -1.73 0.00 1,500
ECUADOR 176.00 184.90 175.00 -0.06 -5.35
EL SALVADOR 20.00 44.04 44.04 9.17 0.00
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
1,000
GUATEMALA 17.50 22.50 22.50 2.83 0.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 500
JAMAICA 35.00 35.00 35.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 1,525.00 1,540.00 1,540.00 0.11 0.00
NICARAGUA 15.00 20.00 20.00 3.25 0.00
0
PANAMA 60.00 60.00 60.00 0.00 0.00

IL

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LA

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AZ

IC
PARAGUAY 7.50 7.50 7.50 0.00 0.00

U
U
U
TI

AG
AI
.R

D
PE

AD
AD
H

BA
M

LI

R
EX

EM

AG
G
R

EN
C

IN

BA
N
C
EN

M
LO

BO
EZ

A
M

U
/B

LV

AR
TO
U

PA
M

R
JA

ST

AT

R
R

R
O
PERU 185.80 195.00 195.00 0.54 0.00

EC
G
IL

O
N

SU
SA

PA

G
U

IC

BA
D
AR

O
&
C
AS

U
VE

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C

G
./
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EL
M
BR
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 49.40 52.00 52.00 0.57 0.00

O
ID

.D
IN

EP
TR
SURINAME 7.00 7.00 7.00 0.00 0.00

R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 160.00 154.68 154.68 -0.38 0.00
URUGUAY 37.00 50.00 50.00 3.40 0.00
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 1,256.80 1,357.00 1,357.00 0.86 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 6,796.60 7,251.68 7,149.48 0.56 -1.41

2.1.18 PETRÓLEO - CAPACIDAD REFINACIÓN MUNDIAL (kbbl/día) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA CAPACIDAD DE REFINACIÓN MUNDIAL
OIL - WORLD REFINING CAPACITY (kbbl/day) Average Growth Rate (%) WORLD REFINING CAPACITY VARIATION
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
30,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 2,807.00 3,332.00 3,336.00 1.94 0.12
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 25,000
kbbl/día - kbbl/day

LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 6,796.60 7,251.68 7,149.48 0.56 -1.41


20,000
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 18,945.00 22,948.19 23,944.47 2.64 4.34 15,000
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
WESTERN EUROPE 16,386.00 16,911.00 16,967.87 0.39 0.34 10,000
NORTEAMERICA.
5,000
NORTH AMERICA 17,522.00 19,262.00 19,423.30 1.15 0.84
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 6,152.00 7,126.00 7,221.00 1.80 1.33 0
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. ASIA & NORTEAMERICA / EUROPA URSS-EUROPA AL&C / LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO / AFRICA
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 10,410.00 8,243.00 8,203.00 -2.61 -0.49 AUSTRALASIA NORTH AMERICA OCCIDENTAL/ ORIENTAL / MIDDLE EAST

MUNDO / WORLD 79,018.60 85,073.87 86,245.12 0.98 1.38 WESTERN EASTERN EUROPE
EUROPE
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE

REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
PRECIOS INTERNACIONALES / INTERNATIONAL PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 27

2.1.19 PRECIOS INTERNACIONALES DE PETRÓLEO (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%)


INTERNATIONAL CRUDE OIL PRICES (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%)
Crudos / Types of Crude 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
Alaska North Slope 16.38 57.11 62.36 16.90 9.19
Arab Light 16.58 52.84 57.70 15.59 9.20
Bonny Light 17.34 57.91 64.28 16.27 11.00
Brent 17.14 57.02 62.33 16.21 9.31
Canasta OPEP / OPEC Basket 16.84 52.65 57.95 15.31 10.07
Dubai 16.30 53.22 58.69 15.94 10.28
Istmo 16.41 52.77 56.82 15.72 7.67
Minas 17.59 54.43 62.55 15.17 14.92
Oman 16.45 54.21 59.35 16.08 9.48
Saharan Blend 17.70 57.65 63.55 15.91 10.23
Tijuana Light 15.96 49.23 54.89 15.12 11.50
West Texas Int. 18.29 59.36 61.96 15.85 4.38
FUENTE / SOURCE: OPEP, SIEE, OLADE
Nota / Note: Precios a diciembre; december prices

VARIACIÓN DE LOS PRECIOS INTERNACIONALES DE PETRÓLEO / INTERNATIONAL CRUDE OIL PRICES VARIATION

60

55

50

45

40

35
USD/bbl

30

25

20

15

10

5
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Años / Years

Alaska North Slope Arab Light Bonny Light Brent Canasta OPEP Dubai

Istmo Minas Oman Saharan Blend Tijuana Light West Texas Int.

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
28 PRECIOS DERIVADOS / OIL PRODUCTS PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.20 PRECIOS GLP SECTOR RESIDENCIAL AL&C (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS DE GLP EN SECTOR RESIDENCIAL
LPG PRICES - RESIDENTIAL SECTOR LA&C (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%) LPG PRICES VARIATION - RESIDENTIAL SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 100.56 27.84 36.20 -11.99 30.01 140

BARBADOS 90.26 111.21 113.57 2.91 2.12


BOLIVIA 22.57 24.87 25.73 1.65 3.46 120
BRASIL/BRAZIL 49.40 84.89 101.11 9.37 19.11
CHILE 66.90 91.68 114.85 6.99 25.26
COLOMBIA 19.97 39.42 37.71 8.27 -4.36 100
COSTA RICA 52.38 100.73 102.19 8.71 1.44
CUBA 21.20 21.30 21.30 0.06 0.00
ECUADOR 8.05 10.49 10.50 3.37 0.14 80

USD/bbl
EL SALVADOR 29.87 90.66 91.97 15.09 1.44
GRENADA 84.22 85.39 85.39 0.17 0.00
60
GUATEMALA 45.13 55.87 67.04 5.07 20.00
GUYANA 85.38 93.41 93.55 1.15 0.15
HAITI 65.96 32.71 36.19 -7.23 10.63 40
HONDURAS 46.31 78.10 80.09 7.09 2.55
JAMAICA 49.59 71.38 77.90 5.81 9.13
20
MEXICO 31.31 46.40 49.39 5.86 6.43
NICARAGUA 42.35 62.74 74.42 7.30 18.62
PANAMA 46.75 55.37 68.81 4.95 24.27
0
PARAGUAY 60.26 70.11 87.03 4.70 24.14

O
IL

EP
R

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A
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AY

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AY

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PERU 80.21 51.35 42.19 -7.72 -17.83

IC
AI
.R
U
U

BA
AG

TI
D

AD

AI
YA

U
A

AD
PE
H

M
R

LI
AD EX
EM

U
H
AG
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IN

C
N

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C

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M

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TO
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R
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 9.65 67.07 83.94 31.05 25.15

EC
G
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SU
SA

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PA
G

IC
O
BA

&
AR
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H

./
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C

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M
BR
SURINAME 62.95 64.80 67.23 0.83 3.76

ID
.D

IN
EP

TR
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 30.75 32.48 34.90 1.59 7.44

R
URUGUAY 64.31 90.56 103.30 6.10 14.07
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 - JUN 2005 - JUN 2006 - JUN
VENEZUELA 12.03 18.32 18.32 5.40 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 40.94 55.53 62.01 5.33 11.67
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
PRECIOS / PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 29

2.1.21 PRECIOS FUEL OIL EN SECTOR INDUSTRIAL AL&C (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS FUEL OIL - SECTOR INDUSTRIAL
FUEL OIL PRICES - INDUSTRIAL SECTOR LA&C (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%) FUEL OIL PRICES VARIATION - INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
90
ARGENTINA 23.31 45.45 54.72 11.25 20.39
BARBADOS 26.89 16.92 17.28 -5.38 2.12
80
BOLIVIA 39.20 54.96 54.84 4.29 -0.22
BRASIL/BRAZIL 28.17 36.26 43.35 5.54 19.56
70
CHILE 24.87 61.17 80.57 15.83 31.71
COLOMBIA 12.79 31.20 50.52 18.73 61.91
60
COSTA RICA 23.04 45.78 57.34 12.07 25.26
CUBA 19.59 30.08 54.55 13.66 81.34

USD/bbl
50
ECUADOR 15.29 29.16 29.15 8.40 -0.06
EL SALVADOR 23.09 64.83 69.25 14.72 6.83
40
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 30.53 49.64 49.67 6.27 0.06
30
GUYANA 30.73 45.68 45.75 5.10 0.15
HAITI 30.58 13.72 15.17 -8.39 10.64
20
HONDURAS 34.09 75.27 85.52 12.18 13.61
JAMAICA 20.24 51.21 60.80 14.74 18.73
10
MEXICO 15.92 34.78 50.94 15.65 46.48
NICARAGUA 22.44 64.00 70.40 15.36 10.00
0
PANAMA 31.07 51.98 62.35 9.10 19.95

O
EP

IL
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A

A
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A
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AM
PARAGUAY 36.16 42.19 52.01 4.65 23.29

O
C
AM

N
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IL
.R

IC
R

BA

AI
U
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U
AG

TI
AD

D
AI

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AD
R

M
PE
H

LI

EM

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BR

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H
BA

IN
M

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N

C
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BO
LV
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PA
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JA

AT
R
PERU 35.37 40.89 51.05 4.69 24.83

R
G
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EC
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D

SA

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SU
&

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PA
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./
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AD
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M

EL

BR
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 23.97 67.06 80.43 16.34 19.94

ID
.D

IN
EP

TR
SURINAME 10.65 10.96 11.37 0.83 3.76 R

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 32.51 39.24 42.16 3.30 7.44


URUGUAY 24.79 55.15 69.62 13.78 26.25
VENEZUELA 1.18 5.01 5.01 19.82 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 - JUN 2005 - JUN 2006 - JUN
AL&C / LA&C 23.60 38.73 49.16 9.61 26.94
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
30 PRECIOS DERIVADOS / OIL PRODUCTS PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.22 PRECIOS GASOLINA - SECTOR TRANSPORTE AL&C (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS DE GASOLINA EN SECTOR TRANSPORTE
GASOLINE PRICES - TRANSPORT SECTOR LA&C (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%) GASOLINE PRICES VARIATION -TRANSPORT SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 120.19 93.54 69.25 -6.66 -25.97
BARBADOS 121.81 111.83 114.20 -0.80 2.12 250
BOLIVIA 60.79 73.85 73.77 2.45 -0.10
BRASIL/BRAZIL 108.94 150.58 186.82 6.97 24.06
CHILE 87.02 143.14 182.43 9.69 27.45 200
COLOMBIA 41.90 94.91 95.51 10.85 0.64
COSTA RICA 71.89 131.51 156.30 10.19 18.85
CUBA 63.59 63.59 71.54 1.48 12.50 150

USD/bbl
ECUADOR 45.17 54.99 54.99 2.49 0.00
EL SALVADOR 73.01 108.09 140.11 8.49 29.63
GRENADA 82.51 85.24 85.24 0.41 0.00 100
GUATEMALA 71.26 119.78 144.76 9.26 20.86
GUYANA 0.00 111.97 112.14 0.15
HAITI 83.95 78.81 87.19 0.48 10.63 50
HONDURAS 79.92 134.88 141.02 7.36 4.55
JAMAICA 59.83 109.40 135.61 10.77 23.95
0
MEXICO 61.14 92.56 93.22 5.41 0.72

IL
AY

AY
E

O
A

AS

BA

A
EP

T
NICARAGUA 99.54 121.40 151.12 5.36 24.48

IL

IC

AL

AM

AD

BI

VI

EL
R

PA DO

O
IC

G
AZ

AI
U

U
R

U
AG

AI

TI

YA
PE

D
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H

AD
BA
M

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AR

PA

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M
PANAMA 71.36 91.14 126.84 7.45 39.17

JA

R
ST

G
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EC
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PARAGUAY 87.66 97.08 135.78 5.62 39.87

BR

M
O

ID
.D

IN
PERU 82.11 128.47 150.38 7.86 17.06

EP

TR
R
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 59.91 137.94 170.46 13.96 23.58
SURINAME 88.55 91.15 94.58 0.83 3.76
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 56.79 70.62 75.88 3.69 7.44
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 - JUN 2005 - JUN 2006 - JUN
URUGUAY 133.66 182.30 213.86 6.05 17.31
VENEZUELA 16.37 5.08 5.08 -13.61 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 73.48 97.66 108.61 5.01 11.22
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo
Petróleo/ Oil
/ Oil
PRECIOS DERIVADOS / OIL PRODUCTS PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 31

2.1.23 PRECIOS DIESEL OIL - SECTOR TRANSPORTE AL&C (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS DE DIESEL OIL EN SECTOR TRANSPORTE
DIESEL OIL PRICES - TRANSPORT SECTOR LA&C (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%) DIESEL OIL PRICES VARIATION - TRANSPORT SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006 160
ARGENTINA 66.62 67.76 106.10 5.99 56.58
BARBADOS 102.04 55.61 56.78 -7.06 2.12 140
BOLIVIA 60.79 73.49 73.38 2.38 -0.15
BRASIL/BRAZIL 58.30 113.45 136.92 11.26 20.69
120
CHILE 53.93 102.90 135.53 12.21 31.71
COLOMBIA 43.36 66.92 72.66 6.67 8.58
COSTA RICA 51.07 98.94 106.68 9.65 7.83 100

USD/bbl
CUBA 30.06 56.33 79.49 12.93 41.12
ECUADOR 31.53 37.83 37.83 2.30 0.00 80
EL SALVADOR 47.47 95.24 118.44 12.11 24.35
GRENADA 64.37 64.76 64.76 0.08 0.00
60
GUATEMALA 50.76 95.04 114.06 10.65 20.01
GUYANA 59.74 96.93 97.07 6.26 0.15
HAITI 56.38 53.56 59.26 0.62 10.63 40
HONDURAS 53.34 114.30 125.48 11.29 9.78
JAMAICA 51.73 106.71 124.35 11.59 16.53 20
MEXICO 47.62 77.02 75.33 5.90 -2.20
NICARAGUA 51.31 112.04 127.66 12.07 13.94
0
PANAMA 52.40 80.64 105.00 9.08 30.21

A
U

BA
I
E

SU IVIA
A
AY

R
A

AY

A
A
A

A
A
AS

S
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T
IL
PARAGUAY 49.67 98.38 121.75 11.86 23.76

O
.

M
EP
IL
R

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AM

BI
AD

O
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AL

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IC
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NA
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PERU 71.68 120.33 138.03 8.54 14.71

LV
/B

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TO
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G
R

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REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 41.06 106.57 128.85 15.37 20.90

EL
./

AD
BR

M
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ID
.D

IN
SURINAME 65.01 66.92 69.44 0.83 3.76

EP

TR
R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 31.71 39.03 41.93 3.55 7.44
URUGUAY 71.88 122.63 151.23 9.74 23.33
VENEZUELA 15.71 3.98 3.98 -15.77 0.00
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 - JUN 2005 - JUN 2006 - JUN
AL&C / LA&C 54.17 90.82 107.97 9.00 18.89
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Petróleo / Oil
32 PRECIOS DERIVADOS / OIL PRODUCTS PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.1.24 PRECIOS JET FUEL EN SECTOR TRANSPORTE AL&C (USD/bbl) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS DE JET FUEL EN SECTOR TRANSPORTE
JET FUEL PRICES - TRANSPORT SECTOR (USD/bbl) Average Growth Rate (%) JET FUEL PRICES VARIATION - TRANSPORT SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 36.73 85.40 139.76 18.18 63.66 160
BARBADOS 16.75 17.04 17.40 0.48 2.12
BOLIVIA 32.12 54.68 53.65 6.62 -1.87 140
BRASIL/BRAZIL 40.92 78.87 94.30 11.00 19.56
CHILE 35.23 80.03 103.07 14.36 28.79 120
COLOMBIA 31.14 74.82 105.75 16.51 41.34
COSTA RICA 45.03 93.60 106.06 11.30 13.31
100
CUBA 28.81 67.49 99.86 16.81 47.96

USD/bbl
ECUADOR 33.25 48.92 48.92 4.95 0.00
80
EL SALVADOR 40.47 88.76 131.88 15.91 48.58
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
60
GUATEMALA 41.57 104.02 104.08 12.16 0.06
GUYANA 44.74 121.93 122.11 13.37 0.15
HAITI 45.11 48.34 53.48 2.15 10.63 40

HONDURAS 42.22 105.16 115.80 13.44 10.12


JAMAICA 40.21 108.16 121.65 14.84 12.47 20
MEXICO 61.32 88.85 97.26 5.94 9.46
NICARAGUA 38.66 97.76 107.54 13.64 10.00 0
PANAMA 40.06 85.67 105.07 12.81 22.65

O
EP

IL
R

A
A

A
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AY

A
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AY

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BO I
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PARAGUAY 55.00 60.58 65.09 2.13 7.44

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PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00

H
./

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REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 60.82 94.29 117.59 8.59 24.71
EP

TR
R
SURINAME 57.27 58.95 61.17 0.83 3.76
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 53.10 87.73 98.86 8.08 12.68
URUGUAY 54.76 116.07 146.57 13.10 26.28
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 - JUN 2005 - JUN 2006 - JUN
VENEZUELA 25.01 7.46 7.46 -14.04 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 42.09 73.89 91.37 10.17 23.66
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


2.2 Estadísticas y Prospectiva / Statistics & Forecasting

Gas natural / Natural gas


Reservas / Reserves
Producción / Production
Consumo / Consumption
Importación / Imports
Exportación / Exports
Precios / Prices
Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
RESERVAS / RESERVES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 35

2.2.1 GAS NATURAL - RESERVAS PROBADAS AL&C (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS DE GAS NATURAL AL&C
NATURAL GAS - PROVEN RESERVES LA&C (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS RESERVES VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 683.80 438.95 446.16 -4.63 1.64
BARBADOS 0.20 0.08 0.05 -14.28 -37.50 5,000
BOLIVIA 132.60 764.10 616.00 18.61 -19.38
4,500
BRASIL/BRAZIL 227.65 306.39 588.62 11.13 92.11
CHILE 42.90 45.00 42.80 -0.03 -4.89 4,000
COLOMBIA 195.00 189.92 164.63 -1.86 -13.32
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,500
CUBA 0.00 69.75 68.66 -1.56
ECUADOR 23.10 4.04 3.76 -18.27 -6.93 3,000

EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
2,500
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.00 0.00 2,000
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
1,000
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 1,325.43 564.78 536.81 -9.55 -4.95 500
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL
O
A

S
A

R
O

E
BA
EL

AL

O
BI
VI

IL

O
G

R
AZ
IC

U
TI

D
PE

AD
BA

H
M
LI
EX
U

M
R

BA
C
PERU 198.20 337.55 333.18 5.94 -1.29

EN

LO
BO
EZ

E
/B
TO

U
M

AT

R
EC
G

IL

O
N

BA
AR
&

AS

U
VE
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

G
AD

BR
ID
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

IN
TR
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 518.10 557.41 526.04 0.17 -5.63
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 4,023.40 4,315.00 4,708.00 1.76 9.11
AL&C / LA&C 7,370.98 7,593.57 8,035.31 0.96 5.82
* México revaluó sus reservas a partir de 1996 / Mexico reassessed its reserves in 1996

2.2.2 GAS NATURAL- RESERVAS PROBADAS MUNDIALES (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS MUNDIALES DE GAS NATURAL
NATURAL GAS - PROVEN WORLD RESERVES (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS RESERVES VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
80,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 10,621.00 14,078.20 14,183.20 3.27 0.75
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 60,000
Gm3

LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 7,370.98 7,593.57 8,035.31 0.96 5.82


ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA. 40,000
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 9,930.26 14,659.00 14,820.00 4.55 1.10
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL 20,000
WESTERN EUROPE 5,589.00 6,205.85 6,017.46 0.82 -3.04
0
NORTEAMERICA.
ORIENTE MEDIO - URSS-EUROPA ASIA & AFRICA AL&C / LA&C NORTEAMERICA / EUROPA
NORTH AMERICA 6,491.24 7,419.56 7,590.00 1.75 2.30 MIDDLE EAST ORIENTAL AUSTRALASIA NORTH AMERICA OCCIDENTAL /
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 49,530.00 72,486.00 73,471.00 4.48 1.36 - EASTERN EUR. WESTERN
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. EUROPE

USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 57,132.00 58,096.00 58,109.80 0.19 0.02


MUNDO / WORLD 146,664.48 180,538.18 182,226.77 2.44 0.94
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural Gas
36 PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.2.3 GAS NATURAL -   PRODUCCIÓN AL&C (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C
NATURAL GAS -   PRODUCTION LA&C (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 32.60 49.48 51.81 5.28 4.73
BARBADOS 0.04 0.03 0.03 -3.39 1.95 100
BOLIVIA 5.34 12.72 13.43 10.78 5.60
BRASIL/BRAZIL 9.38 17.26 17.15 6.94 -0.59 90

CHILE 2.23 2.29 2.20 -0.14 -4.15


80
COLOMBIA 7.14 8.85 8.94 2.53 1.01
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 70
CUBA 0.04 0.75 1.09 45.47 43.98
ECUADOR 0.86 1.61 1.52 6.54 -5.52 60
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00 50

GUATEMALA 0.01 0.00 0.00


40
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
MEXICO 58.53 79.77 86.00 4.37 7.81
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 10

PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00


0
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL
O

O
A

IA

BA

A
N

EL

BI

IL

AL
R

O
IC

G
PERU 0.95 7.76 7.97 26.72 2.76

AZ

U
TI

PE

D
H

AD
BA

LI

M
EX

EM
C
R

BA
C
EN

BO

LO
EZ

/B
TO

U
M

AT
R
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

EC
G

IL

O
N

BA
AR

&

C
AS

U
VE

G
AD

BR
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

ID
IN
TR
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 9.14 33.25 40.13 17.87 20.70
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 40.68 44.14 45.60 1.28 3.31
AL&C / LA&C 166.93 257.91 275.88 5.74 6.97

2.2.4 GAS NATURAL- PRODUCCIÓN MUNDIAL (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE GAS NATURAL MUNDIAL
NATURAL GAS -   WORLD PRODUCTION (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
1,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 99.43 164.80 180.49 6.85 9.52
800
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 166.93 257.91 275.88 5.74 6.97 600
Gm3

ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 238.75 362.61 377.13 5.21 4.01 400
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
200
WESTERN EUROPE 275.31 300.00 293.55 0.72 -2.15
NORTEAMERICA. 0
NORTH AMERICA 699.26 697.70 711.09 0.19 1.92 URSS-EUROPA NORTEAMERICA / ASIA & EUROPA ORIENTE MEDIO / AL&C / LA&C AFRICA
ORIENTAL/ NORTH AMERICA AUSTRALASIA OCCIDENTAL / MIDDLE EAST
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 175.54 317.52 335.87 7.48 5.78 EASTERN WESTERN
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. EUROPE. EUROPE
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 627.27 759.99 779.31 2.44 2.54
MUNDO / WORLD 2,282.50 2,860.53 2,953.33 2.90 3.24
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE
REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 37

2.2.5 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Gm3) PRODUCCIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 47.98 52.99 56.68 61.36 1.65
BOLIVIA 6.72 20.71 28.85 39.29 12.49 80
BRASIL / BRAZIL 15.25 20.26 32.01 43.86 7.30 70
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 28.44 29.48 29.48 29.48 0.24
CHILE 2.23 2.28 2.64 3.35 2.74 60

COLOMBIA 7.83 8.17 10.56 13.69 3.79 50


COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
40
ECUADOR 0.63 0.59 0.50 0.39 -3.19
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
20
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 56.86 65.71 69.79 78.13 2.14 10
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO ARGENTINA VENEZUELA CARIBE / BRASIL / BRAZIL BOLIVIA COLOMBIA PERU CHILE ECUADOR
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 CARIBBEAN (*)
PERU 2.08 4.44 6.46 8.02 9.43
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS- OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 37.61 50.04 55.86 61.61 3.35
AL&C / LA&C 205.61 254.66 292.82 339.16 3.39
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.2.6 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Gm3) PRODUCCIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 47.98 57.12 65.59 71.30 2.68
80
BOLIVIA 6.72 27.32 39.77 43.98 13.34
BRASIL / BRAZIL 15.25 24.22 40.17 59.25 9.47 70
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 28.44 29.48 29.48 29.48 0.24
60
CHILE 2.23 2.56 3.60 5.27 5.90
COLOMBIA 7.83 8.45 12.19 16.00 4.88 Gm3 50
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
40
ECUADOR 0.63 0.68 0.64 0.55 -0.87
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
20
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 56.86 68.69 72.37 81.31 2.41 10
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 MEXICO ARGENTINA VENEZUELA BRASIL / BRAZIL BOLIVIA CARIBE / COLOMBIA PERU CHILE ECUADOR
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 CARIBBEAN (*)

PERU 2.08 5.65 9.52 12.00 12.41


URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 37.61 53.80 63.33 75.11 4.72
NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 205.61 277.98 336.65 394.27 4.44
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural Gas
38 CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.2.7   GAS NATURAL - CONSUMO INTERNO AL&C (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO INTERNO DE GAS NATURAL EN AL&C
NATURAL GAS -   DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION LA&C (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) VARIATION OF DOMESTIC NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 31.62 43.81 46.65 4.41 6.49 100
BARBADOS 0.04 0.03 0.03 -2.81 1.94
BOLIVIA 2.27 2.14 2.46 0.92 15.04 90
BRASIL/BRAZIL 7.55 22.52 24.52 13.98 8.91
80
CHILE 2.58 8.38 7.69 12.90 -8.33
COLOMBIA 6.54 8.41 8.43 2.85 0.19
70
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.04 0.75 1.09 45.47 43.98 60
ECUADOR 0.23 0.52 0.85 15.40 63.05

Gm3
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
40
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
10
MEXICO 53.92 86.98 72.36 3.32 -16.81
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL

AY
O

S
Ú

EP
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

EL

BI

IL

VI

O
O
R
IC

G
AZ

U
TI

D
PE

.R
H

AD
BA

LI
EX

G
R

BA
C
EN

LO

BO
EZ

U
M
/B

TO

U
M
PERU 0.41 3.76 4.00 28.78 6.38

R
O
EC
G

IL

O
N

BA
D
AR

&

C
AS
VE

./
AD
BR

M
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.36 0.54 48.06

O
ID

.D
IN

EP
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

TR

R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 8.12 15.35 15.17 7.19 -1.18
URUGUAY 0.00 0.11 0.12 14.67
OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 36.73 37.18 38.40 0.50 3.28
AL&C / LA&C 150.06 230.31 222.31 4.46 -3.47
Nota: CONSUMO INTERNO : Incluye lo destinado a procesos de transformación más el consumo propio y pérdidas, más el consumo final de los diferentes sectores económicos.
Note: DOMESTIC SUPPLY: It includes what is part of the transformation process plus self-consumption and losses, plus the final consumption of the different economical sectors.

2.2.8 GAS NATURAL - CONSUMO INTERNO MUNDIAL (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO MUNDIAL DE GAS NATURAL
NATURAL GAS - WORLD CONSUMPTION (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) VARIATION OF NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
AFRICA / AFRICA 46.00 71.83 75.79 5.71 5.52 800
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE
600
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 150.06 230.31 222.31 4.46 -3.47
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
Gm3

400
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 246.53 411.79 438.53 6.61 6.50
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
200
WESTERN EUROPE 416.18 528.21 525.17 2.62 -0.58
NORTEAMERICA . 0
NORTH AMERICA 705.60 721.19 716.28 0.17 -0.68 NORTEAMERICA / URSS-EUROPA EUROPA ASIA & ORIENTE MEDIO / AL&C / LA&C AFRICA
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 164.98 276.82 289.25 6.44 4.49 NORTH AMERICA ORIENTAL/ OCCIDENTAL / AUSTRALASIA MIDDLE EAST
EASTERN WESTERN
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL.
EUROPE. EUROPE
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 518.95 597.13 621.15 2.02 4.02
MUNDO / WORLD 2,248.29 2,837.27 2,888.49 2.82 1.81
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 39
2.2.9 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Gm3) CONSUMO INTERNO DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
NATURAL GAS - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Gm3) PROJECTED NG CONSUMPTION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
120
ARGENTINA 41.60 53.42 60.34 70.60 3.59
BOLIVIA 1.62 2.74 3.77 4.98 7.80 100
BRASIL / BRAZIL 20.61 30.60 45.35 78.36 9.31
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 14.77 18.57 24.31 31.87 5.26 80
CHILE 8.29 10.98 14.52 19.98 6.04

Gm3
COLOMBIA 7.83 8.17 10.56 13.69 3.79 60
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.64 0.76 0.84 0.90 2.25 40
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 63.42 69.37 92.76 123.46 4.54 0
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

IL

AY
O

IA

R
(*
AN /
N

EL

IL

BI

O
IC

AZ

V
BE E

U
TI

PE
H

AD
M

LI
IB RIB
EX

G
R

C
EN

LO

BO
EZ
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

U
/B

U
M

AR CA

R
EC
G

O
N

U
L
AR

C
VE

I
AS
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

C
BR
PERU 2.08 4.44 6.46 8.02 9.43
URUGUAY 0.07 0.10 0.45 0.82 18.42
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 37.61 50.04 55.86 61.61 3.35
AL&C / LA&C 198.52 249.20 315.21 414.29 5.03
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.2.10 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Gm3) CONSUMO INTERNO DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
NATURAL GAS - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Gm3) PROJECTED NG CONSUMPTION LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 41.60 58.15 71.04 84.08 4.80 100
BOLIVIA 1.62 3.13 6.81 8.37 11.59
BRASIL / BRAZIL 20.61 40.19 77.63 105.59 11.51 80
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 14.77 19.66 26.89 36.29 6.18

Gm3
60
CHILE 8.29 13.00 19.75 28.71 8.63
COLOMBIA 7.83 8.45 12.19 16.00 4.88
40
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.43
ECUADOR 0.64 0.86 0.98 1.06 3.43 20
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.18
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.85 0
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.19

IL

AY

AY
O

IA

AS

A
Ú
E
(*
N

EL

BI

AM

AL

IC

U
O

O
R
IC

AZ

IL

U
AN

R
TI

AG
PE

AD

AD
M

LI

R
EX

H
U

EM
AG

U
R

N
EN

MEXICO 63.42 67.33 79.91 112.61 3.90

LO

BO
C
EZ

A
BE

D
/B

LV

AR
U

PA
M

ST
AT
R

N
EC
G

O
N

SA
IB

PA

IC
IL
AR

O
C

U
VE

AR

H
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.11
AS

N
C
G

EL
/C
BR

PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.57 0.91


E
IB
AR

PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 1.50 2.01


C

PERU 2.08 5.65 9.52 12.00 12.41


URUGUAY 0.07 0.11 0.75 1.67 24.13
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 37.61 53.80 63.33 75.11 4.72
AL&C / LA&C 198.52 270.33 371.65 486.17 6.15
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural Gas
40 IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.2.11  GAS NATURAL - IMPORTACIÓN AL&C (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE GAS NATURAL AL&C
NATURAL GAS - IMPORTS LA&C (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS IMPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 1.70 1.61 1.83 0.80 13.60
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL/BRAZIL 0.00 9.21 10.02 8.80
12
CHILE 0.70 6.28 5.74 26.27 -8.55
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
8
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 6
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
4
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 1.12 9.65 10.40 28.11 7.83 2
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 MEXICO BRASIL/BRAZIL CHILE ARGENTINA REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. URUGUAY
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.43 0.54 24.70
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00


URUGUAY 0.00 0.11 0.12 14.67
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 3.53 27.29 28.65 26.21 5.02

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 41

2.2.12 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Gm3) IMPORTACIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS IMPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
50
ARGENTINA 0.09 7.93 12.15 19.13 43.43
45
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL / BRAZIL 5.36 10.34 13.33 34.51 13.22 40
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.89 3.64 9.38 16.95 21.70 35
CHILE 6.06 8.71 11.88 16.64 6.97
30
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25
ECUADOR 0.01 0.18 0.34 0.51 27.85 20
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10

MEXICO 10.07 14.76 32.23 48.83 11.10 5


NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 MEXICO BRASIL / BRAZIL CHILE ARGENTINA CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) URUGUAY ECUADOR
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.07 0.10 0.45 0.82 18.42
PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 NATURAL GAS IMPORTERS- OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 22.54 45.66 79.78 137.38 12.81
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.2.13 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Gm3) IMPORTACIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS IMPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
50
ARGENTINA 0.09 8.58 15.58 28.71 47.36
45
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL / BRAZIL 5.36 15.96 37.46 46.34 15.47 40
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.89 4.73 11.97 21.36 23.60 35
CHILE 6.06 10.45 16.15 23.44 9.44 30
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Gm3
25
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.43
20
ECUADOR 0.01 0.18 0.35 0.51 27.90
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.18 15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.85 10
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.19 5
MEXICO 10.07 9.74 16.80 34.81 8.62
0
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.11

AY

AY
IL /

(*
A

AN /

AS

A
AZ SIL

BE E
IL

AM

AL

IC

U
O

O
IC

PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.57 0.91

IB RIB

R
TI

LV L

AG
H

AD

AD
R
EX

SA E
AG

G
BR RA

U
N
C

EN

A
E
U

AR
AR CA

PA

U
M

ST
AT
B

N
EC
G
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 1.50 2.01

PA

IC
AR

O
U

N
C
G
C
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.07 0.11 0.75 1.67 24.13
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
NATURAL GAS IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 22.54 49.75 101.90 161.51 14.03
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural Gas
42 EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.2.14 GAS NATURAL - EXPORTACIÓN AL&C (Gm3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE GAS NATURAL AL&C
NATURAL GAS - EXPORTS LA&C (Gm3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS EXPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 0.74 6.60 6.30 26.87 -4.54
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00 25
BOLIVIA 1.60 10.39 10.88 23.72 4.72
BRASIL / BRAZIL 0.00 0.00 0.00
CHILE 0.05 0.00 0.00
20
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00
15
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gm3
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
10
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 5

JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00


MEXICO 0.38 0.36 0.41 0.79 14.36
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 TRINIDAD & TOBAGO BOLIVIA ARGENTINA MEXICO CHILE
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 16.55 21.70 31.13
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 2.77 33.89 39.28 34.27 15.91

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 43

2.2.15 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Gm3) EXPORTACIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS EXPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 6.46 7.49 8.49 9.89 2.88
BOLIVIA 5.10 17.97 25.08 34.31 13.54 35
BRASIL / BRAZIL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
30
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 15.12 15.12 15.12 15.12 0.00
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
25
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
20

Gm3
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
MEXICO 0.00 7.60 5.76 0.00
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
BOLIVIA CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) ARGENTINA MEXICO
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES EXPORTADORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
AL&C / LA&C 26.69 48.18 54.46 59.32 5.47 NATURAL GAS EXPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.2.16 GAS NATURAL - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Gm3) / NATURAL GAS - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Gm3) EXPORTACIÓN DE GAS NATURAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED NATURAL GAS EXPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 6.46 7.54 10.13 15.93 6.20 40

BOLIVIA 5.10 24.19 32.96 35.61 13.83


35
BRASIL / BRAZIL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 15.12 15.12 15.12 15.12 0.00 30
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
25
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Gm3
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
10
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 0.00 7.60 5.76 0.00 5
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
BOLIVIA CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) ARGENTINA MEXICO
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PAÍSES EXPORTADORES DE GN MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 NATURAL GAS EXPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
AL&C / LA&C 26.69 54.46 63.97 66.67 6.29
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural Gas
44 PRECIOS / PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.2.17 GAS NATURAL - PRECIOS SECTOR RESIDENCIAL AL&C (USD/10(3)m3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS DE GAS NATURAL EN EL SECTOR RESIDENCIAL
NATURAL GAS - PRICES RESIDENTIAL SECTOR LA&C (USD/10(3)m3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS PRICES VARIATION - RESIDENTIAL SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 218.71 66.08 95.50 -9.84 44.53 1,000
BARBADOS 750.90 750.95 766.87 0.26 2.12
BOLIVIA 180.55 194.69 196.21 1.05 0.78 900
BRASIL/BRAZIL 100.09 401.19 424.52 19.79 5.81
CHILE 64.18 747.17 940.80 39.88 25.91 800
COLOMBIA 218.48 227.65 234.09 0.87 2.83
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 700

CUBA 130.00 180.00 180.00 4.15 0.00

USD/10(3)m3
600
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
500
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00
400
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
300
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
MEXICO 90.45 432.72 507.07 24.05 17.18
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 100
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PERU 0.00 313.79 366.93 16.93

IL
S

BA

A
O

IL

BI

VI

EL
R
IC

AZ

TI
D

PE
H
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

LI
EX

U
C
R
BA

EN
LO

BO

EZ
/B
M
R

G
IL

N
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00 BA

AR
C
AS

VE
BR
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 28.72 54.13 61.27 9.93 13.19
AL&C / LA&C 192.07 136.97 170.27 -1.49 24.31
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Gas Natural / Natural
PetróleoGas
/ Oil
PRECIOS / PRICES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 45

2.2.18 GAS NATURAL - PRECIOS SECTOR INDUSTRIAL AL&C (USD/10(3)m3) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE PRECIOS GAS NATURAL - SECTOR INDUSTRIAL
NATURAL GAS -  PRICES INDUSTRIAL SECTOR LA&C (USD/10(3)m3) Average Growth Rate (%) NATURAL GAS PRICES VARIATION - INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
1997-JUNIO 2005-JUNIO 2006-JUNIO
Países / Countries 1997-JUNE 2005-JUNE 2006-JUNE 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 134.95 41.56 60.07 -9.62 44.53
800
BARBADOS 710.15 682.63 697.10 -0.23 2.12
BOLIVIA 57.18 60.40 60.87 0.78 0.78
700
BRASIL/BRAZIL 123.34 401.19 424.52 16.71 5.81
CHILE 64.18 272.91 389.11 25.27 42.58
600
COLOMBIA 136.12 233.25 243.17 7.52 4.25
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00

USD/10(3)m3
500
CUBA 110.00 110.00 110.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 400

GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00


GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 300
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00 200
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 100
MEXICO 90.45 270.03 343.88 18.17 27.35
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0

IL
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00

BA

A
O

IL

BI

VI

EL
R
IC

G
AZ

TI
D

PE
H

BA
M

LI
EX

U
C
R
BA

EN
LO

BO

EZ
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00

/B

TO
M
R

G
IL

N
BA

AR

&
C
AS

VE
PERU 0.00 161.77 189.17 16.94

AD
BR

ID
IN
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00

TR
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 37.73 79.08 85.45 10.76 8.06 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00


VENEZUELA 4.43 16.33 18.48 19.55 13.19
AL&C / LA&C 75.59 166.53 190.03 12.21 14.11
Precios a junio de cada año / June prices for each year

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


2.3 Estadísticas y Prospectiva / Statistics & Forecasting

Carbón mineral / Coal


Reservas / Reserves
Producción / Production
Consumo / Consumption
Importación / Imports
Exportación / Exports
Carbón Mineral / Coal
Petróleo / Oil
RESERVAS / RESERVES ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 49

2.3.1 CARBÓN MINERAL - RESERVAS PROBADAS AL&C (Gton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C
COAL - PROVEN RESERVES LA&C (Gton) Average Growth Rate (% COAL RESERVES VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 0.42 0.42 0.42 -0.02 0.00
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 35
BRASIL/BRAZIL 32.38 32.34 32.33 -0.02 -0.02
CHILE 0.17 0.16 0.16 -0.76 0.00
30
COLOMBIA 6.65 6.61 6.89 0.39 4.15
COSTA RICA 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00 25
ECUADOR 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00

Gton
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 15

HONDURAS 0.02 0.00 0.00


JAMAICA 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.00 0.00
10
MEXICO 1.85 1.21 1.21 -4.59 0.00
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.12 0.12 70.07 0.00 5
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.06 0.05 0.05 -1.27 0.00
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
BRASIL/BRAZIL COLOMBIA MEXICO VENEZUELA ARGENTINA JAMAICA CHILE
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

VENEZUELA 1.32 1.45 1.45 1.00 -0.49


AL&C / LA&C 43.26 42.76 43.02 -0.06 0.61

2.3.2 CARBÓN MINERAL -  RESERVAS PROBADAS MUNDIALES (Gton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) EVOLUCIÓN DE LAS RESERVAS MUNDIALES DE CARBÓN MINERAL
COAL -  PROVEN WORLD RESERVES (Gton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL RESERVES VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
AFRICA / AFRICA 61.67 50.36 50.36 -2.23 0.00
350
AMERICA LATINA & CARIBE
300
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 43.26 42.76 43.02 -0.06 0.61
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA. 250
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 311.49 296.89 296.89 -0.53 0.00 200
Gton

EUROPA OCCIDENTAL 150


WESTERN EUROPE 98.72 59.84 59.84 -5.41 0.00 100
NORTEAMERICA.
50
NORTH AMERICA 254.38 253.22 253.32 -0.05 0.04
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 0.19 0.42 0.42 8.99 0.00 0
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA NORTEAMERICA / URSS-EUROPA EUROPA AFRICA AL&C / LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO /
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. NORTH AMERICA ORIENTAL / EASTERN OCCIDENTAL / MIDDLE EAST
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 297.95 227.25 227.25 -2.96 0.00 EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE
MUNDO / WORLD 1,067.67 930.73 931.10 -1.51 0.04
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE
REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
50 PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.3.3 CARBÓN MINERAL - PRODUCCIÓN AL&C (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C
COAL -   PRODUCTION LA&C (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL PRODUCTION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 0.25 0.04 0.05 -17.17 11.10 70
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL/BRAZIL 4.50 5.16 4.75 0.61 -7.93 60
CHILE 1.04 0.16 0.40 -10.21 142.63
COLOMBIA 32.59 59.06 65.60 8.08 11.06
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 40
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mton
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00 30

HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00


HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
20
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
MEXICO 9.46 10.75 11.49 2.18 6.81
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
10
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.02 0.04 0.05 10.65 25.12 0
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00 COLOMBIA MEXICO VENEZUELA BRASIL/BRAZIL CHILE ARGENTINA PERU
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 5.15 7.19 7.34 4.02 2.00
AL&C / LA&C 53.01 82.42 89.67 6.01 8.79

2.3.4 CARBÓN MINERAL -  PRODUCCIÓN MUNDIAL (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN MUNDIAL DE CARBÓN MINERAL
COAL -  WORLD PRODUCTION (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL PRODUCTION VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
AFRICA / AFRICA 227.18 249.05 261.59 1.58 5.04
4,000
AMERICA LATINA & CARIBE
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 53.01 82.42 89.67 6.01 8.79
3,000
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 2,110.21 3,267.01 3,511.66 5.82 7.49 2,000
Mton

EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
WESTERN EUROPE 843.94 724.52 722.35 -1.71 -0.30 1,000
NORTEAMERICA.
NORTH AMERICA 1,067.42 1,091.82 1,116.57 0.50 2.27 0
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA NORTEAMERICA / URSS-EUROPA EUROPA OCCIDENTAL / AFRICA AL&C / LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO /
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 0.94 1.05 1.05 1.24 0.00 NORTH AMERICA ORIENTAL WESTERN EUROPE MIDDLE EAST
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. EASTERN
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 398.11 467.47 490.01 2.33 4.82 EUROPE

MUNDO / WORLD 4,700.81 5,883.34 6,192.90 3.11 5.26


FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, AL&C: SIEE, OLADE REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
Petróleo / Oil
PRODUCCIÓN / PRODUCTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 51

2.3.5 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Mton) / COAL - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Mton) PRODUCCIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL PRODUCTION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.08 0.21 0.08 0.04 -4.40
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
BRASIL / BRAZIL 2.60 7.21 9.62 11.90 10.66
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40
CHILE 0.60 2.14 4.15 5.71 16.21
COLOMBIA 46.81 48.02 49.76 51.96 0.70
30

Mton
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20

GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
MEXICO 6.58 6.37 6.59 6.59 0.00
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 COLOMBIA BRASIL / BRAZIL VENEZUELA MEXICO CHILE PERU ARGENTINA
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.16 0.31 0.47 0.55 8.66 PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 COAL PRODUCERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES

VENEZUELA 6.94 6.96 6.97 6.99 0.05


AL&C / LA&C 63.77 71.22 77.64 83.74 1.83
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.3.6 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA PRODUCCIÓN (Mton) / COAL - PRODUCTION FORECASTING (Mton) PRODUCCIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL PRODUCTION IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.08 0.02 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50
BRASIL / BRAZIL 2.60 3.24 3.58 2.77 0.42
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40
CHILE 0.60 1.65 2.77 3.98 13.45
COLOMBIA 46.81 48.23 49.73 51.17 0.59
30
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mton

ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
MEXICO 6.58 6.13 6.59 6.59 0.00
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 COLOMBIA VENEZUELA MEXICO BRASIL / BRAZIL CHILE PERU ARGENTINA
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.16 0.38 0.61 0.81 11.47
PAÍSES PRODUCTORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 COAL PRODUCERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 6.94 6.87 6.87 6.87 -0.07
AL&C / LA&C 63.77 66.53 70.14 72.19 0.83
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
52 CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.3.7 CARBÓN MINERAL -   CONSUMO INTERNO AL&C (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO INTERNO DE CARBÓN MINERAL EN AL&C
COAL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION LA&C (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) VARIATION OF DOMESTIC COAL CONSUMPTION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 1.39 0.94 0.99 -3.72 5.60
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL/BRAZIL 23.87 26.19 26.06 0.98 -0.49
25
CHILE 6.12 4.43 4.92 -2.39 11.06
COLOMBIA 5.00 4.17 2.64 -6.83 -36.64
COSTA RICA 0.0001 0.06 0.06 97.56 0.00
20
CUBA 0.01 0.01 0.02 8.28 72.93
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mton
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 15
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.41 0.43 5.01
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.24 0.06 -75.44
JAMAICA 0.06 0.06 0.01 -14.34 -74.53 5
MEXICO 11.18 18.87 18.92 6.01 0.24
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.06 0.00 0.00 0

PARAGUAY 0.00 0.0003 0.0002 -35.00

AS

A
A

BA
.
E
IL

A
EP

A
A

IC
IC

EL
IL

BI

AL

AM
C
AZ
PERU 0.38 1.07 1.09 12.41 1.98

R
R

U
.R
H

AI

R
EX

TI

U
U
EM
PE

C
R

N
M
LO

A
EZ
EN

D
M
/B

PA
ST
JA
N
AT
O
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.06 0.48 0.70 31.82 48.09

IL

N
O

O
D

O
VE
C
AS

U
AR

C
./

G
M
BR
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

O
.D
EP
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00

R
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.98 31.81
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 0.05 0.05 0.05 1.13 2.00
AL&C / LA&C 48.18 56.98 55.96 1.68 -1.78
Nota: CONSUMO INTERNO : Incluye lo destinado a procesos de transformación más el consumo propio y pérdidas, más el consumo final de los diferentes sectores económicos.
Note: DOMESTIC SUPPLY: It includes what is part of the transformation process plus self-consumption and losses, plus the final consumption of the different economical sectors.

2.3.8 CARBÓN MINERAL - CONSUMO INTERNO MUNDIAL (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO MUNDIAL DE CARBÓN MINERAL
COAL -   WORLD CONSUMPTION (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL CONSUMPTION VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
3,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 138.38 150.64 154.20 1.21 2.36
2,500
AMERICA LATINA & CARIBE
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 48.18 56.98 55.96 1.68 -1.78 2,000
Mton

ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA . 1,500


ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 1,653.97 2,512.14 2,688.19 5.54 7.01 1,000
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL 500
WESTERN EUROPE 561.91 537.18 553.50 -0.17 3.04 0
NORTEAMERICA. ASIA & NORTE AMÉRICA/ EUROPA URSS-EUROPA AFRICA AL&C/LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO
NORTH AMERICA 850.82 910.02 903.37 0.67 -0.73 AUSTRALASIA NORTH AMERICA OCCIDENTAL / ORIENTAL / / MIDDLE EAST
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 9.52 13.51 13.37 3.84 -1.10 WESTERN ESTERN
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL. EUROPE EUROPE
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 256.78 267.37 275.86 0.80 3.18
MUNDO / WORLD 3,519.57 4,447.84 4,644.45 3.13 4.42 REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, AL&C: SIEE, OLADE

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
Petróleo / Oil
CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 53
2.3.9 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Mton) CONSUMO INTERNO DE CARBÓN AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
COAL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Mton) PROJECTED COAL CONSUMPTION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
25
ARGENTINA 0.78 0.93 0.80 0.75 -0.24
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL / BRAZIL 16.27 20.93 23.34 25.62 3.07 20
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.70 0.70 0.83 1.03 2.56
CHILE 3.38 4.93 6.94 8.50 6.34
15
COLOMBIA 4.37 5.58 7.31 9.52 5.33

Mton
COSTA RICA 0.07 0.10 0.13 0.17 6.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.39 0.44 0.57 0.70 4.03
5
HONDURAS 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.33 4.50
MEXICO 12.33 12.11 13.60 17.29 2.28
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
BRASIL / MEXICO COLOMBIA CHILE PERU CARIBE / ARGENTINA GUATEMALA PANAMA HONDURAS VENEZUELA COSTA RICA URUGUAY
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.83 BRAZIL CARIBBEAN
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 (*)

PERU 0.93 1.08 1.25 1.32 2.37


URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018

VENEZUELA 0.10 0.12 0.14 0.15 2.68


AL&C / LA&C 39.49 47.13 55.49 66.47 3.53
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.3.10 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA CONSUMO INTERNO (Mton) CONSUMO INTERNO DE CARBÓN AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
COAL - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION FORECASTING (Mton) PROJECTED COAL CONSUMPTION IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.69 -0.76 18
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
16
BRASIL / BRAZIL 16.27 16.96 17.30 16.49 0.09
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.70 0.71 0.86 1.12 3.16 14

CHILE 3.38 4.44 5.56 6.77 4.74 12


COLOMBIA 4.37 5.78 7.28 8.72 4.72
10
Mton
COSTA RICA 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.15 4.85
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6
GUATEMALA 0.39 0.32 0.31 0.32 -1.27
4
HONDURAS 0.17 0.22 0.30 0.39 5.80
MEXICO 12.33 11.87 13.29 13.54 0.63 2
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 BRASIL / MEXICO COLOMBIA CHILE PERU CARIBE / ARGENTINA GUATEMALA HONDURAS COSTA RICA VENEZUELA
BRAZIL CARIBBEAN (*)
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.93 1.16 1.38 1.58 3.59
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VENEZUELA 0.10 0.03 0.03 0.03 -7.06 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018

AL&C / LA&C 39.49 42.33 47.13 49.82 1.56


T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
54 IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.3.11 CARBÓN MINERAL -  IMPORTACIÓN AL&C (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA IMPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C
COAL - IMPORTS LA&C (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL IMPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 1.07 0.96 1.08 0.03 12.45
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00 25
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL/BRAZIL 19.79 20.94 20.61 0.45 -1.55
CHILE 4.63 4.26 4.53 -0.24 6.13
20
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.06 0.06 97.56 0.00
CUBA 0.02 0.02 0.02 4.02 6.15
15
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mton
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.41 0.27 -34.20 10
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.24 0.06 -74.80 5
JAMAICA 0.06 0.06 0.03 -8.30 -54.47
MEXICO 1.81 9.48 9.95 20.84 4.98
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
PANAMA 0.06 0.00 0.00

IL

.
A

A
EP
O

AY
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 -35.00

AS

AY
BA
U
AZ

A
A
N

IC
IL

AL

AM
IC

BI
C
TI

.R

U
U
H

U
R

R
PE

AI
EX

EM

AG
G
EN

N
C

C
/B

A
M

LO
PERU 0.32 0.92 0.99 13.19 7.04

PA

U
D
M

ST
IL

AT
O

R
JA
G

R
N
AS

O
D

PA
AR

U
O

O
U

C
./

C
G
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.06 0.48 0.70 31.82 48.09 BR

M
O
.D
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00

EP
R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.98 31.81 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 27.81 37.83 38.30 3.62 1.24

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
Petróleo / Oil
IMPORTACIÓN / IMPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 55

2.3.12 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Mton) / COAL - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Mton) IMPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL IMPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
14
BRASIL / BRAZIL 13.72 13.72 13.72 13.72 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.70 0.70 0.83 1.03 2.56 12
CHILE 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 0.00
10
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COSTA RICA 0.07 0.10 0.13 0.17 6.00 8

Mton
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6
GUATEMALA 0.39 0.44 0.57 0.70 4.03
4
HONDURAS 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.33 4.50
MEXICO 6.42 6.42 7.69 11.38 3.89 2
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.83 BRASIL / MEXICO CHILE CARIBE / PERU ARGENTINA GUATEMALA PANAMA HONDURAS COSTA RICA URUGUAY
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 BRAZIL CARIBBEAN (*)

PERU 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.00


URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
COAL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 25.75 25.87 27.80 32.69 1.60
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.3.13 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA IMPORTACIÓN (Mton) / COAL - IMPORTS FORECASTING (Mton) IMPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL IMPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.71 0.71 0.70 0.69 -0.18
14
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BRASIL / BRAZIL 13.72 13.72 13.72 13.72 0.00 12
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.70 0.71 0.86 1.12 3.16
CHILE 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 0.00 10
COLOMBIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
8
Mton

COSTA RICA 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.15 4.85


ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GUATEMALA 0.39 0.32 0.31 0.32 -1.27 4
HONDURAS 0.17 0.22 0.30 0.39 5.80
2
MEXICO 6.42 6.42 7.38 7.63 1.16
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
BRASIL / MEXICO CHILE CARIBE / PERU ARGENTINA GUATEMALA HONDURAS COSTA RICA URUGUAY
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 BRAZIL CARIBBEAN (*)
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.00
PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE 2003 2008 2013 2018
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COAL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 25.75 25.76 26.95 27.59 0.46
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
56 EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.3.14 CARBÓN MINERAL -  EXPORTACIÓN AL&C (Mton) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA EXPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C
COAL - EXPORTS LA&C (Mton) Average Growth Rate (%) COAL EXPORTS VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 0.00 0.08 0.11 27.02
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0.00
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 70
BRASIL/BRAZIL 0.00 0.0009 0.00 -100.00
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00
COLOMBIA 27.58 53.61 61.97 9.41 15.60 60
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00
CUBA 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 50

EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00


GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0.00
40
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00

Mton
GUYANA 0.00 0.00 0.00
HAITI 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00
JAMAICA 0.00 0.00 0.01
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00 -26.14 20
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 10

PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00


REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 0.00 0.00 0.00
0
SURINAME 0.00 0.00 0.00 COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ARGENTINA JAMAICA
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006

VENEZUELA 5.10 7.14 7.29 4.03 2.00


AL&C / LA&C 32.68 60.84 69.38 8.72 14.03

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Carbón Mineral / Coal
Petróleo / Oil
EXPORTACIÓN / EXPORTS PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING 57

2.3.15 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Mton) / COAL - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Mton) EXPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL EXPORTS IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 45
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40
BRASIL / BRAZIL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 35
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
COLOMBIA 42.45 42.45 42.45 42.45 0.00

Mton
25
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20
EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
COLOMBIA VENEZUELA
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE / 2003 2008 2013 2018
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
COAL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 6.84 6.84 6.84 6.84 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 49.29 49.29 49.29 49.29 0.00
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.3.16 CARBÓN MINERAL - PROSPECTIVA EXPORTACIÓN (Mton) / COAL - EXPORTS FORECASTING (Mton) EXPORTACIÓN DE CARBÓN MINERAL AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED COAL EXPORTS IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 45
BOLIVIA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
40
BRASIL / BRAZIL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 35
CHILE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30
COLOMBIA 42.45 42.45 42.45 42.45 0.00 Mton
COSTA RICA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25

ECUADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20


EL SALVADOR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15
GUATEMALA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HONDURAS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10
MEXICO 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
5
NICARAGUA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PANAMA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
COLOMBIA VENEZUELA
PARAGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PERU 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
URUGUAY 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 PAÍSES IMPORTADORES DE CARBÓN MINERAL MIEMBROS DE OLADE / 2003 2008 2013 2018
COAL IMPORTERS - OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES
VENEZUELA 6.84 6.84 6.84 6.84 0.00
AL&C / LA&C 49.29 49.29 49.29 49.29 0.00
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


2.4 Estadísticas y Prospectiva / Statistics & Forecasting

Electricidad /Electricity
Potencial Hidroeléctrico / Hidropower Potential
Producción / Production
Consumo / Consumption
Importación / Imports
Exportación / Exports
Capacidad Instalada / Installed Capacity
Precios / Prices
ElectricidadPetróleo
/ Electricity
/ Oil
POTENCIAL HIDROELÉCTRICO / HIDROPOWER POTENTIAL ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 61

2.4.1 POTENCIAL HIDROELÉCTRICO AL&C / HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL LA&C POTENCIAL HIDROELÉCTRICO EN AL&C
POTENCIA ENERGÍA AÑO HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL IN LA&C

POWER ENERGY YEAR


Países / Countries (MW) (GWh)
ARGENTINA 44,500.00 194,910.00 2002
250,000
BARBADOS 0.00 0.00 0
BOLIVIA 1,378.88 4,808.02 2006
BRASIL/BRAZIL 260,000.00 1,490,000.00 2006
200,000
CHILE 25,156.00 26,555.80 2006
COLOMBIA 93,085.00 407,712.00 2003
COSTA RICA 6,411.49 28,082.33 2006 150,000
CUBA 650.00 1,300.00 2002

MW
ECUADOR 23,745.00 96,767.00 2006
EL SALVADOR 2,165.20 9,483.00 1995 100,000
GRENADA 0.00 0.00 0
GUATEMALA 5,000.00 21,900.00 2006
GUYANA 7,600.00 19,640.00 2002 50,000
HAITI 173.00 496.98 2002
HONDURAS 5,000.00 21,900.00 2006
0
JAMAICA 24.00 105.00 2003

IL

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MEXICO 53,000.00 232,140.00 2005

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NICARAGUA 1,767.00 7,739.46 2006

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PANAMA 3,282.28 14,376.38 2006

ID
.D

IN
EP

TR
PARAGUAY 12,516.00 54,820.08 2003

R
PERU 61,832.40 270,825.91 1996
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 2,010.00 8,804.00 1994
SURINAME 2,420.00 10,600.00 1994 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES POTENCIA
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.00 0.00 0
URUGUAY 1,815.00 7,949.70 2006
VENEZUELA 46,000.00 201,480.00 2002

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Electricidad / Electricity
62 GENERACIÓN / GENERATION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS

2.4.2 ELECTRICIDAD - GENERACIÓN AL&C (TWh) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DE LA GENERACIÓN DE ELECTRICIDAD EN AL&C
ELECTRICITY -  GENERATION LA&C (TWh) Average Growth Rate (%) ELECTRICITY GENERATION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 72.47 105.88 115.19 5.28 8.79 450
BARBADOS 0.73 0.93 0.95 2.92 1.95
BOLIVIA 3.46 5.23 5.32 4.90 1.68 400
BRASIL/BRAZIL 307.90 402.90 419.34 3.49 4.08
CHILE 33.29 52.48 55.32 5.80 5.41 350
COLOMBIA 45.62 50.66 54.86 2.07 8.27
COSTA RICA 5.64 8.24 8.64 4.87 4.86 300
CUBA 14.15 15.34 16.47 1.70 7.34
ECUADOR 10.36 13.40 14.81 4.05 10.52 250

TWh
EL SALVADOR 3.55 4.83 5.60 5.20 15.90
GRENADA 0.10 0.17 0.17 6.50 3.50 200
GUATEMALA 4.13 7.56 7.92 7.49 4.78
GUYANA 0.79 0.86 0.87 1.08 0.65 150
HAITI 0.61 0.56 0.57 -0.65 2.50
HONDURAS 3.05 5.55 5.98 7.76 7.89 100

JAMAICA 5.88 7.42 7.47 2.69 0.69


50
MEXICO 161.39 218.97 225.08 3.77 2.79
NICARAGUA 1.91 3.05 3.21 5.96 5.19
0
PANAMA 4.21 5.83 5.99 3.98 2.79

EX L

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PARAGUAY 50.85 51.16 53.77 0.62 5.12

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PERU 17.95 25.51 27.36 4.79 7.26

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REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 7.24 12.90 14.15 7.74 9.70

ID
.D

IN
EP

TR
SURINAME 1.41 1.57 1.62 1.51 2.93

R
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 4.84 6.70 6.90 4.02 3.00
URUGUAY 7.15 7.68 5.62 -2.64 -26.86 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 1997 2005 2006
VENEZUELA 78.07 101.54 110.36 3.92 8.68
AL&C / LA&C 846.74 1,116.93 1,173.53 3.69 5.07

2.4.3 ELECTRICIDAD -   GENERACIÓN MUNDIAL (TWh) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) GENERACIÓN MUNDIAL DE ELECTRICIDAD
ELECTRICITY - WORLD GENERATION (TWh) Average Growth Rate (%) ELECTRICITY GENERATION VARIATION IN THE WORLD
Regiones / Regions 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
7,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 74.32 545.52 596.03 26.03 9.26
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 6,000
LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 846.74 1,116.93 1,173.53 3.69 5.07
5,000
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 873.50 5,906.46 6,424.63 24.82 8.77 4,000
TWh

EUROPA OCCIDENTAL 3,000


WESTERN EUROPE 1,384.00 3,709.29 3,786.35 11.83 2.08
NORTEAMERICA. 2,000
NORTH AMERICA 1,572.10 4,832.88 4,838.40 13.30 0.11 1,000
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 9.60 613.55 686.42 60.71 11.88
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL . 0
ASIA Y NORTEAMERICA EUROPA URSS-EUROPA AMERICA LATINA ORIENTE MEDIO AFRICA
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 383.00 1,392.73 1,447.72 15.92 3.95 NORTH AMERICA LATIN AMERICA MIDDLE EAST
AUSTRALASIA OCCIDENTAL ORIENTAL
MUNDO / WORLD 5,143.26 18,117.36 18,953.08 15.59 4.61 WEST EUROPE USSR - EAST
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE EUROPE

REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS 1997 2005 2006

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


ElectricidadPetróleo
/ Electricity
/ Oil
GENERACIÓN / GENERATION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 63
2.4.4 ELECTRICIDAD - GENERACIÓN AL&C POR TIPO DE PLANTA (TWh) GENERACIÓN ELÉCTRICA POR TIPO DE PLANTA
ELECTRICITY - GENERATION BY TYPE OF PLANT LA&C (TWh) % ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY TYPE OF PLANT LA&C
TÉRMICA OTROS*
Países / Countries HYDRO THERMAL OTHERS* NUCLEAR TOTAL REGIONAL
ARGENTINA 55.47 51.54 8.18 115.19 9.81
BARBADOS 0.95 0.95 0.08 450
BOLIVIA 2.16 3.16 5.32 0.45
BRASIL/BRAZIL 348.81 56.53 0.24 13.77 419.34 35.71 400

CHILE 28.78 26.53 0.01 55.32 4.71 350


COLOMBIA 42.08 12.78 54.86 4.67
COSTA RICA 6.60 0.55 1.48 8.64 0.74 300
CUBA 0.09 16.38 16.47 1.40
250

TWh
ECUADOR 7.13 7.68 0.00001 14.81 1.26
EL SALVADOR 1.96 2.49 1.14 5.60 0.48 200
GRENADA 0.17 0.17 0.01
GUATEMALA 3.27 4.50 0.15 7.92 0.67 150
GUYANA 0.87 0.87 0.07
100
HAITI 0.48 0.09 0.57 0.05
HONDURAS 2.07 3.91 5.98 0.51 50
JAMAICA 0.17 7.31 7.47 0.64
0
MEXICO 23.31 190.91 10.87 225.08 19.17

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NICARAGUA 0.31 2.59 0.31 3.21 0.27

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PANAMA 3.58 2.41 5.99 0.51

JA

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PARAGUAY 53.77 0.00077 53.77 4.58

BR

M
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ID
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IN
PERU 19.59 7.78 27.36 2.33

EP

TR
R
REP. DOM./ DOM. REP. 1.69 12.41 0.05 14.15 1.21
SURINAME 1.36 0.26 1.62 0.14
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 0.10 6.80 6.90 0.59 PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES Termic Others Nuclear Hydro

URUGUAY 3.60 2.02 5.62 0.48


VENEZUELA 81.45 29.52 110.96 9.45
AL&C / LA&C 687.80 450.14 3.38 32.81 1,174.14 100.00
(*) GEOTERMICA + SOLAR + EÓLICA
(*) GEOTHERMAL + SOLAR + WIND ENERGY

2.4.5 ELECTRICIDAD - GENERACIÓN MUNDIAL POR TIPO DE PLANTA (TWh) GENERACIÓN MUNDIAL DE ELECTRICIDAD POR TIPO DE PLANTA
ELECTRICITY - WORLD GENERATION BY TYPE OF PLANT (TWh) % ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY TYPE OF PLANT
TÉRMICA OTROS*
Regiones / Regions HYDRO THERMAL OTHERS* NUCLEAR TOTAL REGIONAL
5,000
AFRICA / AFRICA 103.62 458.50 6.71 27.20 596.03 3.14
AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 4,000
TWh

LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 687.80 450.14 3.38 32.81 1,174.14 6.19
3,000
ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA.
ASIA & AUSTRALASIA 996.62 4,700.14 142.25 585.62 6,424.63 33.90 2,000
EUROPA OCCIDENTAL
1,000
WESTERN EUROPE 612.49 1,910.64 233.03 1,030.19 3,786.35 19.98
NORTEAMERICA. 0
NORTH AMERICA 643.52 3,224.29 105.03 865.55 4,838.39 25.53 ASIA Y AUSTRALASIA NORTEAMERICA / EUROPA OCCIDENTAL / URSS-EUROPA AL&C / LA&C ORIENTE MEDIO / AFRICA
NORTH AMERICA WESTERN EUROPE ORIENTAL / EASTERN MIDDLE EAST
ORIENTE MEDIO / MIDDLE EAST 41.93 616.62 6.93 20.94 686.42 3.62 EUROPE
URSS-EUROPA ORIENTAL.
USSR-EASTERN EUROPE 200.70 849.11 2.92 394.99 1,447.72 7.64 REGIONES DEL MUNDO / WORLD REGIONS Termic Hydro Nuclear Others
MUNDO / WORLD 3,286.68 12,209.44 500.26 2,957.30 18,953.67 100.00
FUENTE / SOURCE: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, ALC: SIEE, OLADE

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


Electricidad / Electricity
64 GENERACIÓN / GENERATION PROSPECTIVA / FORECASTING

2.4.6 ELECTRICIDAD - PROSPECTIVA GENERACIÓN (TWh) / ELECTRICITY - GENERATION FORECASTING (TWh) GENERACIÓN DE ELECTRICIDAD AL&C - ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN LA&C - LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE BAJA INTEGRACIÓN / LOW INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)

Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018


ARGENTINA 92.07 120.39 135.18 154.46 3.51
BOLIVIA 4.30 5.33 6.51 8.01 4.23
BRASIL / BRAZIL 365.11 468.02 571.72 706.69 4.50 700

CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 47.51 41.64 52.65 66.46 2.26 600


CHILE 46.89 62.10 83.55 108.97 5.78
500
COLOMBIA 46.26 52.62 59.32 68.72 2.67
400

TWh
COSTA RICA 7.57 9.01 12.49 16.72 5.43
ECUADOR 10.83 12.42 14.41 15.39 2.37 300
EL SALVADOR 4.08 5.72 8.06 11.05 6.87 200
GUATEMALA 5.96 7.91 11.05 15.26 6.47
100
HONDURAS 4.54 5.69 7.45 9.89 5.33
MEXICO 206.48 258.57 343.10 443.04 5.22 0
NICARAGUA 2.59 3.26 4.12 5.39 5.01

IL

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PANAMA 5.60 6.33 8.29 10.89 4.54

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PARAGUAY 51.76 59.01 60.74 62.35 1.25

VE

AR

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/C
BR
PERU 22.96 28.12 34.92 41.82 4.08

E
IB
AR
URUGUAY 8.38 9.87 10.91 12.26 2.56

C
VENEZUELA 89.05 112.93 131.33 148.28 3.46
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018
AL&C / LA&C 1,021.93 1,268.95 984.09 1,905.66 4.24
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

2.4.7 ELECTRICIDAD - PROSPECTIVA GENERACIÓN (TWh) / ELECTRICITY - GENERATION FORECASTING (TWh) GENERACIÓN DE ELECTRICIDAD AL&C - ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN
PROJECTED ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN LA&C - HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO
ESCENARIO DE ALTA INTEGRACIÓN / HIGH INTEGRATION SCENARIO T.C. (%) / A.G.R. (%)
Países / Countries 2003 2008 2013 2018 2003-2018
ARGENTINA 92.07 121.66 149.63 172.74 4.28
BOLIVIA 4.30 5.50 8.63 25.92 12.72 1,000
BRASIL / BRAZIL 365.11 533.10 748.74 999.25 6.94 900
CARIBE / CARIBBEAN (*) 47.51 41.64 52.65 66.46 2.26 800
CHILE 46.89 67.18 96.42 125.02 6.76 700
COLOMBIA 46.26 55.08 66.61 77.36 3.49 600
TWh

COSTA RICA 7.57 9.40 13.13 17.80 5.87 500


ECUADOR 10.83 13.07 17.07 19.22 3.90 400
EL SALVADOR 4.08 6.08 9.12 13.57 8.35 300
GUATEMALA 5.96 8.84 13.38 19.60 8.26 200
HONDURAS 4.54 6.16 8.67 12.20 6.81 100
MEXICO 206.48 264.91 350.70 477.24 5.74 0
NICARAGUA 2.59 3.27 4.79 6.58 6.42
IL

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PANAMA 5.60 6.41 9.07 11.43 4.87
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PARAGUAY 51.76 53.86 61.58 64.01 1.43

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BR

PERU 22.96 29.47 37.82 47.31 4.94

E
IB
AR
URUGUAY 8.38 10.48 12.58 14.72 3.82

C
VENEZUELA 89.05 111.79 128.79 146.38 3.37
PAÍSES MIEMBROS DE OLADE / OLADE MEMBER COUNTRIES 2003 2008 2013 2018
AL&C / LA&C 1,021.93 1,347.90 1,789.39 2,316.82 5.61
T.C.=Tasa de crecimiento promedio anual del periodo / A.G.R.=Annual Average Growth Rate for the period
(*) Incluye: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Suriname, República Dominicana, Trinidad y Tobago
(*) Includes: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

INFORME DE ESTADÍSTICAS ENERGÉTICAS ENERGY STATISTICS REPORT


ElectricidadPetróleo
/ Electricity
/ Oil
CONSUMO INTERNO / DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION ESTADÍSTICAS / STATISTICS 65

2.4.8 ELECTRICIDAD - CONSUMO INTERNO AL&C (TWh) Tasa de Crecimiento (%) VARIACIÓN DEL CONSUMO INTERNO DE ELECTRICIDAD EN AL&C
ELECTRICITY - DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION LA&C (TWh) Average Growth Rate (%) DOMESTIC ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION VARIATION IN LA&C
Países / Countries 1997 2005 2006 1997-2006 2005-2006
ARGENTINA 77.66 109.76 118.55 4.81 8.01
BARBADOS 0.73 0.93 0.95 2.92 1.95
500
BOLIVIA 3.47 5.23 5.32 4.87 1.68
BRASIL/BRAZIL 348.36 441.94 460.50 3.15 4.20 450
CHILE 33.29 54.64 57.61 6.28 5.43
COLOMBIA 45.82 48.92 53.06 1.64 8.46 400

COSTA RICA 5.50 8.25 8.72 5.25 5.66 350


CUBA 14.15 15.34 16.47 1.70 7.34
ECUADOR 10.36 15.11 16.38 5.22 8.42 300
EL SALVADOR 3.64 5.11 5.60 4.91 9.50

KWh
250
GRENADA 0.10 0.17 0.17 6.50 3.50
GUATEMALA 4.04 7.24 7.84 7.63 8.19 200
GUYANA 0.79 0.86 0.87 1.08 0.65
HAITI 0.61 0.56 0.57 -0.65 2.50 150
HONDURAS 3.21 5.60 5.99 7.19 6.94
100
JAMAICA 5.88 7.42 7.47 2.69 0.69
MEXICO 162.85 217.77 224.30 3.62 3.00 50
NICARAGUA 2.07 3.07 3.25 5.16 6.06
PANAMA 4.16 5.78 5.94 4.03 2.85 0

IL

AY

AY
O

BA

PA O

AS

BO R

TI

A
PARAGUAY 5.33 7.37 8.12 4.79 10.13

EP
N

EL

BI

IL

IC

AL

AM

VI

BA AM

AD
R

O
IC

G
AZ

AI
U

U
U