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CONTAINER LASHING SYSTEM

CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM:

THIS TYPE OF LASHING SYSTEM IS NORMALLY USED ON SHIPS WHICH ARE


BASICALLY NOT A CONTAINER SHIP.
• THE BASE PLATES ARE WELDED ON STRENGHTENED AREAS OF
DECK SO AS TO SUPPORT THE POINT LOADS TRANSMITTED TO THE
DECK FROM CONTAINER CORNER FITTINGS.
• STACKING CONES ARE FITTED INTO THESE BASE PLATE TO
PREVENT CONTAINER FROM SHIFTING
• CONTAINERS IN INTERMEDIATE TIERS ARE CONNECTED
VERTICALLY AND TRANSVERSELY BY STACKING CONES
• THE TOP TIERS CONTAINERS ARE CONNECTED BY BRIDGE FITTINGS
• CONTAINERS ARE STOWED ON THE DECK IN FORE AND AFT
DIRECTIONS.
• THE CONTAINERS ARE THEN LASHED WITH THE WIRES SLINGS
TURNBUCKLES

DISADVANTAGE OF THE SYSTEM


• A LARGE QUANTITY OF LASHING QUANTITY AND A LARGE
NUMBER OF LOOSE FITTINGS
• HIGH COST OF LASHING EQUIPMENT
• REDUCTION IN THE TOTAL CARGO QUANTITY DUE TO LARGE
BROKEN STOWAGE
• LONG TIME SPENT FOR LASHING
• DIFFICULT TO ACCESS THE TOP TIER OF CONTAINER

TWIST LOCK SYSTEM

• IN TWIST LOCK SYSTEM THE BASE PLATES OR FOUNDATION PLATE


ARE WELDED TO THE DECK OR THE TANK TOP.
• THE BASE TWIST LOCKS ARE USED BETWEEN THE CONTAINER AND
BASE PLATE.
• THE LINKAGE PLATE IS USED BETWEEN THE CONTAINERS EXCEPT
FOR THE END CONTAINERS
• THE INTERMEDIATE TWIST LOCKS ARE USED BETWEEN THE
CONTAINERS WHILE ANLED TWIST LOCKS ARE USED AT THE END
CONTAINERS
• FINALLY THE BRIDGE FITTINGS ARE FITTED ON THE TOP TIERS OF
CONTAINERS

THE TWIST LOCKS NOT ONLY PREVENT THE HORIZONTAL SHIFT BUT
ALSO LASH THE CONTAINERS VERTICALLY.
THE TWIST LOCK CONSISTS OF A STEEL BODY THROUGH WHICH A
CENTRAL SHAFT PASSES WHICH HAS CONES AT BOTH THE ENDS.THE
SHAFT AND CONES CAN BE ROTATED BY APPROX. 90 DEG BY MEANS OF
A LEVER WHICH IS PROTRUDES THROUGH THE HOUSING
THE SHAFTS OF TWISTLOCKS ARE FORGED STEEL WITH MBL
EXCEEDING 50 T.THE BODY IS GENERALLY MADE OF CAST STEEL.THE
LEVER IS SCREW THREADED OR WELDED TO THE SHAFT CENTRE WITH
LOCKED AND UNLOCKED POSITION MARKED.THE BODY IS BETWEEN
20-25 MM IN HEIGHT TO PROVIDE SUFFICIENT STRENGHT AND SPACE
FOR LEVER OPERATION.THE TWISTLOCKS PROVIDEE THE VERTICAL
CONNECTION .THE TRANSVERSE CONNECTION CAN BE ACHIEVED
USING THE LINKAGE PLATE.

THE TWISTLOCK SYSTEM REDUCES THE LASHING EQUIPMENTS .THIS


MAKES THE LASHING OF CONTAINERS EASIERS AND QUICKERS

TRANSVERSE LASHING SYSTEM:

THIS SYSTEM MAINLY USED TO NEGATE THE EFFECT OF HOZONTAL


FORCE ARISING DUE TO ROLLING OF THE SHIP IN ATHWARTSHIP
DIRECTION.THIS SYSTEM IS TRANSMIITING ALL HORIZONTAL FORCES
TO REINFORCED PART OF THE SHIP STRUCTURE.
• THE CONTAINERS ARE CONNECTED TRANSVERSELY BY DOUBLE
INTERMEDIATE STACKING CONES OR TWISTLOCKS WITH
LINKING PLATES FORMING A SOLID BLOCK.
• A TRANSVERSE LASHING EQUIPMENT IS THEN WEDGED
BETWEEN THE CONTAINER BLOCK AND THE SHIP’S STRUCTURE
AT THE LEVEL OF CORNER FITTINGS OF THE UPPER TIERS ON
BOTH SIDES.
• THE TRANSVERSE ELEMENTS CAN BE PRESSURE OR PRESSURE-
TENSION TYPE.IF TENSION AND PRESSURE TYPE USED ON EACH
SIDE,THE HORIZONTAL FORCE SPLIT INTO TWO AND EACH
ELEMENTS BEARS THE HALF OF FORCE.

ADVANTAGE:
• A REDUCTION IN THE QUANTITY OF FIXED AND PORTABLE
LASHING EQUIPMENT INCLUDING THE ELIMINATION OF ALL
DIAGONAL LASHINGS
• AT LEAST 50% SAVING IN COST AS COMPARAED TO
CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM
• IT PERMITS GREATER STACK WEIGHTS
• EASY TO FIT AND ELIMINATION OF THE PROBLEM OF
POSITIONING OF LASHING FOR UPPER TIERS THUS REDUCING
THE LASHING TIME.
CELLULAR SYSTEM

• IN CELLULAR SYSTEM THE FORCES ACTING ON THE CONTAINERS


ARE TRANSMITTED TO HULL BY MEANS OF STEEL STRUCTURE
CONSISTING OF VERTICAL STEEL ANGLES PLACED AT THE FOUR
CORNERS OF THE CONTAINER WHICH KEEP IT IN POSITION.
• VERTICAL STEEL ANGLES ARE SLIGHTLY FLARED AT THE TOP TO
FACILITATE THE ENTRY OF THE CONTAINERS.
• THE VERTICAL ANGLES ARAE WELDED OR BOLTED TO TANKTOP .
• THE CLEARANCE BETWEEN THE CONTAINERS AND CELL GUIDES
ARE KEPT MINIMUM IN ORDER TO PREVENT THE MOVEMENT OF
CONTAINERS.
• THE VERTICAL CELL GUIDES ARE CONNECTED BY HORIZONTAL
BEAMS IN BOTH TRANSVERSE AND FORE AND AFT DIRECTIONS AT
CORNER FITTING LEVELS.
• THE CELL GUIDES ARE FIXED AT 40’ LENGTHS AND REMOVABLE AT
20’ LENGTHS.

THE CELL GUIDE SYSTEM IS THE QUICKEST AND MOST PRACTICAL WAY
OF SECURING CONTAINERS.IT COMPLETELY ELIMINATES THE USE OF
PORTABLE LASHING EQUIPMENTS.