Wind Energy Status in India

Submitted by: Group No.6 Manish Dhelia (M-09-15) Sandeep Sahu (M-09-28) Saurabh Sharma ( M-09-29) Saurav Kumar (M-09-30) Sreelal MS (M-09-31)

partly driven by new policy measures.Wind Energy Status in India India’s rapidly growing economy and expanding population make it hungry for electric power. The Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) estimates that there is a potential of around 90 GW for power generation from different renewable energy sources in the country. At the end of 2009.5 GW of which is coal.7 GW in this period. including 48. However. which envisages an addition of 78.5 GW new wind generation capacity. The IEA predicts that by 2020. including Maharashtra. which would imply the addition of 16 GW per year. and 11. This is beginning to change as other states. 14. Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh start to catch up. The World Institute for Sustainable Energy. Karnataka.6 GW installed on 31 March 2010.5 GW of wind power. This was based on an assumed land availability of 2% and 9 MW of installable wind power capacity per square kilometre. greater land availability and expanded resource exploration. The current figures are based on measurements from only nine states. Gujarat. The Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association (IWTMA) estimates that at hub heights of 55– 65 metres. 327 GW of power generation capacity will be needed.926 MW of installed wind capacity. A more recent wind atlas published by the Center for Wind Technology (CWET) in April 2010 estimated the resource potential at 49. It had 4. India’s electricity demand is projected to more than triple between 2005 and 2030. power supply struggles to keep up with demand. and a significant part of the population has no access to electricity at all. India (WISE) considers that with larger turbines. plus 3. wind power in India is concentrated in a few regions. representing close to 40% of India’s total wind capacity. especially the southern state of Tamil Nadu.5 GW other renewables. In spite of major capacity additions over recent decades. the potential could be as great as 100 GW.807 MW were reached by the end of the country’s financial year on 31 March 2010. .130 MW.4 GW of biomass.3 GW of small hydro power and 26. and 10. This urgent need is reflected in the target the Indian government has set in its 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012). Rajasthan. 50. potential for wind development in India is around 65–70 GW. India had 10. Electricity shortages are common. which maintains its position as the state with the largest wind power installation. West Bengal.

India ratified the Kyoto Protocol in August 2002. By 1 September 2010. Some of the government’s broad national policy guidelines include fiscal and financial incentives. While some states have set high renewable portfolio standards. other states only have low or no targets. The GBI scheme provides an incentive of 0.500-5.000+ MW by 2012-2013. with current production capacity of 4. rather than installation. for the cumulative capacity of 4. wheeling. whichever is earlier. After this date. India has a solid domestic manufacturing base. In December 2009. Currently. buy-back facility by states. and enforcement is insufficient. up to 31 March 2012 or before the introduction of a new Direct Tax Code. India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) announced a national generation-based incentive (GBI) scheme for grid connected wind power projects. Wind turbine manufacturers operating in India include Indian company Suzlon. Investors who because of their small size or lack of tax liability cannot benefit from accelerated depreciation under the Income Tax Act can opt for this alternative incentive instead. and the possibility to register projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provided a further incentive to wind energy development. Thanks to new market entrants.000 MW/year. financial assistance. and wind resource assessment. land policies favouring wind farm development. the promotion of renewable energy in India is mainly driven by state governments. In addition. which is now a global leader. through either joint venture under licensed production. 17 companies now manufacture wind turbines in India and another eight are in the process of entering the Indian wind power market. it is expected that the annual production capacity will rise to 10. accounting for 6.8 Euro cents) in addition to the existing state feed-in tariff. the Accelerated Depreciation may be phased out. since this incentive is based on actual electricity production. attract foreign direct investment and level the playing field between different types of investors. banking and third party sales.839 MW. it stimulates higher efficiencies. . 416 Indian wind projects were in the CDM pipeline. India’s wind energy potential has only been partially realized due to the lack of a coherent national renewable energy policy. This should facilitate the entry of large Independent Power Producers (IPPs) into the wind market.000 MW to be commissioned by March 2012. second only to China.5 Rupees per KWh (0. as subsidiaries of foreign companies or as Indian companies with their own technology. according to WISE.

Under the Moderate scenario. By 2030 wind power would be generating almost 400.000 by 2020 and 113.000 people in the sector and saving almost 173. .600 MW and 12. Under the GWEO scenarios.5 million tonnes of CO2 emissions each year.800 MW will be installed in India. India’s wind power market would shrink considerably from the current annual additions of around 1.300 MW to only 600 MW per year by 2030. In this scenario. which would imply an addition of 16 GW per year. As mentioned above.7 billion would be invested in Indian wind development every year by 2020. Investments in wind power in India would also drop from the current levels of €1. Yet the GWEO Advanced scenario shows that the wind development in India could go much further: By 2020 India could have almost 75 GW of wind power in operation.7 billion per year to only €730 million by 2030. Australia. the IEA Reference scenario predicts that by 2020. and this would go on to grow to 46 GW by 2020 and 108 GW by 2030.Some of these foreign companies now source more than 80% of the components for their Indian-manufactured turbines from India. the total installed capacity would reach almost 25 GW by 2015.000 GWh per year and be avoiding the emission of 373 million tonnes of CO2 each year.400 jobs to over 84. between 12. Wind power would then produce close to 60 T Wh every year by 2020 and 75 T Wh by 2030. Europe. more than doubling the installed capacity for wind power and taking it to over 160 GW under the Advanced scenario. representing a quadrupling of 2009 investment figures. As the Advanced scenario shows. This would go even further towards meeting India’s growing need for electric power. Wind turbines and turbine blades have been exported from India to the USA. wind power could be providing a significant proportion of this by 2020. Investment would by then have reached a level of €7 billion per year. the ten years between 2020 and 2030 would then see spectacular growth. while employing almost 150. The GWEO scenarios For India Under the IEA’s Reference scenario.000 ten years later. €3. Employment in the sector would grow from the currently estimated 21. and save 35 million tons of CO2 in 2020 and 45 million tons in 2030. China and Brazil. With that level of momentum established in India’s wind sector. The result would be a total installed capacity of 24 GW by 2020 and 30. it is expected that by the end of 2010.5 GW by 2030. supplying 183 T Wh of electricity each year. a total of 327 GW of power generation capacity will be needed in India. .References: http://www.wikipedia.asp http://www.

Chettinad Cement Corp. Madras Cements Ltd. Kanyakumari Subhash Ltd. Dewas Chitradurga Dist Perungudi Kethanur State↓ Maharasht ra Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Kerala Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Gujarat Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh Karnataka Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Hyderabad APSRTC Muppandal Madras Poolavadi Chettinad Hyderabad Muppandal Poolavadi 10 10 10 . Lamda Mohan Breweries & Distilleries Ltd. Aban Loyd Chiles Offshore Ltd. Puthlur Danida India Ltd. Satara Dist. BSES Ltd. Chennai MP Windfarms Ltd. Kayathar Ramakkalme Subhash Ltd. du Muppandal Wind Farm Muppandal Gudimangalam Gudimangala Wind Farm m Wescare (India) Ltd. Ltd. Kethanur Wind Farm Andhra Pradesh State Rapid Transit Corp.Appendix Projects in India India's Largest Wind power production facilities (10MW and greater)[21] Total Capacity (MWe)↓ 259 33 30 25 513[citatio n needed] 21 20 15 15 14 14 12 11 Power Plant↓ Vankusawade Wind Park Cape Comorin Kayathar Subhash Ramakkalmedu Muppandal Wind Gudimangalam Puthlur RCI Lamda Danida Chennai Mohan Jamgudrani MP Jogmatti BSES Perungudi Newam Kethanur Wind Farm Producer↓ Location↓ Suzlon Energy Ltd. Newam Power Company Ltd.

l. J&K Highest elevation amongst the MNRE notified sites 1768 m. Suzlon 2100 kW Maximum Installation in a State 4875 MW.a.Some Facts and Figures: Source: http://www. at B. Suzlon Maximum estimated gross wind power potential in a State 9675 MW.l. at Basgo. Hills.a..B. Perampukettimedu. Maharashtra Highest elevation at which Wind Monitoring Station Established 3360 m. Suzlon Highest Hub Height of WEG installed 85 m.l. Karnataka .gwec.s. Regen PowerTech 1500 kW Maximum Rotor diameter of WEG installed 88 m.s. Tamil Nadu Maximum extrapolated Mean Annual Wind Power Density of a Site at 50 m height amongst the MNRE notified sites 721 W/m2. Kerala Maximum No.a.s. of Wind Monitoring Stations Installed in a State 119 Nos. at Vankusawade. Gujarat Maximum estimated technical wind power potential in a State 3750 Largest Rating of WEG installed 2100 kW. Maharashtra Highest elevation at which windfarm Established 1100 m. Tamil Nadu (as on 31 March 2010) Maximum Installed Capacity by a WEG Manufacturer 5255 MW.

. Dist : Coimbatore Enercon.Pandian Chemicals. (Promoted by Consolidated Energy Consultants Ltd.windpowerindia.N) 250 kW WEGs. Bhopal in the year 2000.P. 191. Windfarms Ltd. Bhopal. Urjavikas Nigam Ltd.N.07. First Wind Monitoring Station Sultanpet (T. commissioned on 15. First Directory on wind power programme in India Directory on Indian Wind Power published by Consolidated Energy Consultants Ltd..P.) formed in the year 1994.60 MW Overall average rating of WEGs installed in India as on 31-03-2010 644 kW Overall average rating of WEGs installed in India during 2009-10 932 kW First Concrete Tower for WEG Gudimangalam. Tamil Nadu Largest Private Windfarm Developer MSPL Group of Companies.1990..01.. M. NEPC-Micon make at Kattadimalai (T.N) commissioned on 28. in the year 2001 . Gujarat. Bhopal. supplied by Auroville Wind Systems for WBREDA First Joint Sector Company M.Highest capacity addition in a financial year 1778 MW during the year 2006-07 Highest capacity addition in a financial year by a WEG Manufacturer 929 MW during the year developed by Consolidated Energy Consultants Ltd.) established on 28. Suzlon Highest capacity addition in a financial year in a State 861 MW during the year 2005-06. First exclusive web-site on wind power programme in India www.P.1986 First Private Windfarm Developer M/s. Madurai (T.1986 · First Wind-Diesel Project Sagar Island (WB).03. Micon make at Mandvi. 230 kW WEG at First WEG Installed under Demonstration projects 55 kW & 110 kW. IREDA & M.

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