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# 第 21 卷第 1 期 工 程 力 学 Vol.21 No.

1
2004 年 2 月 ENGINEERING MECHANICS Feb. 2004

(西安交通大学建筑工程与力学学院，西安 710049)

## ANALYSIS OF CRITICAL WIND VELOCITY OF GALLOPING

OSCILLATION OF HIGH-RISE STRUCTURES BY PRECISE TIME
INTEGRATION METHOD

## ZHANG Ai-she , ZHANG Ling , ZHOU Jin-xiong

(School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China)

Abstract: The danger of galloping oscillation of a high-rise structure is not negligible. The precise
time-integration is used in this paper to decide critical wind velocity of galloping oscillation of high-rise structures.
Firstly, modal transformation is carried out to decouple the vibration equations. Then, the time history of
structural response is computed by using precise time integration method. According to the logarithmic decrement
of the time history response, the critical state is estimated. Finally, the validation of the present method is studied
through an example in which the critical wind velocity of galloping oscillations of a high-rise structure with
rectangular cross section is computed.
Key words: high-rise structure; galloping oscillation; precise time integration method; critical wind velocity

1 引言 种。当杆件较长且不考虑振型影响而取阶段模型计

———————————————

n
1

p 1 (t ) =
M 1∗
∑ Ri q&1i (5)
i =1

2 高耸结构驰振运动方程 积分格式，求解结果具有较高精度。为了应用该方

Fig.1 Schematic of wind loads on structure cross sections {ν&(t )} = [ H ]{ν (t )} +{r (t )} (6)

∂2 y ∂y
m( z ) 2 + c ( z ) + k ( z ) y = F y ( z , α ) (1) 对应的齐次方程的通解为
∂t ∂t
{ν (t )} = [T (τ )] {ν (t j )} (7)

[T (τ )]= exp([ H ] τ ) , τ = t −t j
F y ( z , a) 为高度 z 处单位高度上 y 轴向的驰振力， 其
3.1 指数矩阵的精细计算

1
Fy =
ρ u 2 ( z ) B( z )C y (α ) (2a) ∆ t = τ = 2 −N τ (8)
2 m

(9)

n n
(11)
C y (α ) = ∑ Ai α i = ∑ Ai ( y& u) i (2b)
i =1 i =1

∞ 工作量很小。
y ( z , t ) = ∑ φ j ( z ) q j (t ) (3)
j =1
3.2 非齐次方程积分格式

q&&1 + 2ζ 1ω1 q&1 + ω12 q1 = p1 (t ) (4) (12)

100 工 程 力 学

## [ q1 q&1 ]T = [1.0 0] T ，计算过程如下：

① 计算结构的动力特性；
② 应用近似公式估算系统驰振临界风速的初

③ 计算方程(6)和式(17)中各项的值，然后应用

④ 根据时程响应确定振幅的对数衰减率 δq 。

5 算例分析

B类地貌，结构横截面为正方形，边长30米，高25
0米，结构平均质量密度为220kg/m3，结构横风向第

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16a)
[ D (τ )]=[T (τ )][ H ] −1 [ H ] −1 − [ H ] −1 [ H ] −1 −τ [ H ] −1
(16b)
τ =t j +1 −t j

(17)
3.3 驰振临界状态判别准则

δq = ln(a n a n + m ) (18)

4 驰振临界风速分析方法

[6]

## Zhang Xiangting. Handbook of wind load theories and

wind-resistant computations for engineering structures [M].
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Zhang Xiangting. Analysis and calculation of wind- and
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the nonlinearity of the aerodynamic damping characteristic
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Fig.2 Time history curves of q1 (t ) response
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６　　结论 structural dynamics [J]. Journal of Dalian University of
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structures[M]. A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1981.

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Liu Yanzhu, Chen Wenliang, Chen Liquan. Mechanics of

vibrations [M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1998. (in

Chinese)

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Long Zhongfen. Critical wind velocity of galloping

[1] 张 相 庭 . 工程结构风荷载理论和抗风计算手册[M]. University, 2000, 21(10):73-75. (in Chinese)