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PREPARED BY TRAINERS:

ARNULFO V. BALARBAR
JESSIE MANA-IT
DEXTER FERNANDEZ
ELMHAR FAUSTINO
H.E.O. HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR NC II
PRE - TEST

TRUE OR FALSE
1 THE EXCAVATOR OPERATOR IS TO HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL PRIOR TO
OPERATING THE MACHINE.
ANS: 1

2 A FIRE EXTINGUISHER SHOULD BE IN THE CAB OF THE EXCAVATOR AT ALL TIMES.


ANS: 1

3 WHEN AN EXCAVATOR IS CROSSING A SLOPE, THE MACHINE IS MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO A ROLLOVER


ANS: 1

4 BEFORE EXCAVATING WHERE UTILITIES ARE LIKELY TO BE BURIED, THE OPERATOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR
LOCATING AND MARKING UNDERGROUND UTILITIES
ANS: 1

5 WHEN CLIMBING ON OR OFF THE EXCAVATOR, THE OPERATOR SHOULD ALWAYS BE FACING THE MACHINE
ANS: 1

6 KEEP YOUR BOOM 10 FEET OR MORE FROM ALL POWER LINES.


ANS: 1

7 WHEN MOVING YOUR HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR OVER A LONG DISTANCE, POSITION THE BOOM IN THE
DIRECTION OF TRAVEL, EXCEPT WHEN TRAVELING UP A STEEP SLOPE.
ANS: 1
8 WATCHING YOUR BOOM CLEARANCE WHEN TRAVELING, UNEVEN GROUND MAY CAUSE THE BOOM TO
WEAVE OR BOB INTO OVERHEAD OBSTRUCTIONS.
ANS: 1

9 AVOIDING JERKY SWINGS AND HOISTS OR SUDDEN BRAKING. THESE CAN OVERLOAD MACHINE
COMPONENTS AND CAN ALSO MAKE THE MACHINE UNSTABLE.
ANS: 1

10 WHEN TRAVELING UP OR DOWN A SLOPE, RAISE THE BOOM AND CURL THE STICK AND BUCKET
SUFFICIENTLY TO MAINTAIN STABILITY.
ANS: 1
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1 WHEN TRENCHING WITH AN EXCAVATOR, WHO IS ALLOWED IN THE TRENCH WHEN EXCAVATING IS
TAKING PLACE?
A. THE GRADE CHECKER
B. FOREMAN
C. LABORERS
D. NO ONE IS ALLOWED

2 AT THE START OF EACH SHIFT, THE OPERATOR SHOULD -


A. CHECK ALL FLUID LEVELS
B. TEST ALL CONTROLS FOR PROPER FUNCTION
C. COMPLETE A WRITTEN INSPECTION
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

3 WHEN APPROACHING THE EDGE OF AN EXCAVATION WHERE THE SOIL IS LOOSE AND UNSTABLE, THE
EXCAVATOR SHOULD BE SITUATED WITH THE TRACKS -
A. PERPENDICULAR 90 DEGREES TO THE EDGE OF THE EXCAVATION
B. PARALLEL TO THE EDGE OF THE EXCAVATION
C. NONE OF THE ABOVE
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
4 AS A LOAD IS LIFTED AND MOVED AWAY FROM THE EXCAVATOR, THE MACHINE'S LIFTING CAPACITY -
A. INCREASES
B. DECREASES
C. REMAINS THE SAME
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE

5 THE LIFTING CAPACITY OF THE EXCAVATOR CAN BE DETERMINED BY -


A. MAKING A TEST LIFT
B. LIFTING AS MUCH AS YOU CAN UNTIL THE EXCAVATOR BEGINS TO TILT
C. CONSULTING THE LOAD CHART IN THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL
D. THERE IS NO WAY OF KNOWING

6 WHEN UNLOADING AN EXCAVATOR FROM A TRANSPORTER, IT IS BEST TO -


A. HAVE THE BUCKET IN FRONT OF MACHINE'S DIRECTION OF TRAVEL AND CLOSE TO GROUND
B. HAVE THE BUCKET IN BACK OF THE MACHINE'S DIRECTION OF TRAVEL
C. IT DOESN'T MATTER
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE

7 IF ANY PART OF THE EXCAVATOR COMES INTO CONTACT WITH A LIVE POWER LINE, WHAT SHOULD
THOSE ON THE GROUND DO?
A. CAREFULLY WALK UP TO THE MACHINE AND HELP THE OPERATORRRRR OFF
B. HOOK ONTO THE EXCAVATOR AND PULL IT FROM THE POWER LINES
C. KEEP PEOPLE AWAY FROM AREA SURROUNDING THE EXCAVATOR
D. THROW A ROPE TO OPERATOR SO HE CAN BE DRAGGED FROM MACHINE

8 IF ANY PART OF THE EXCAVATOR COMES INTO CONTACT WITH A LIVE POWER LINE, WHAT SHOULD THE
OPERATOR NOT DO?
A. IMMEDIATELY CLIMB OFF THE MACHINE
B. STAY SEATED AND AVOID TOUCHING ANY PART OF MACHINE UNTIL POWER IS TURNED OFF
C. SIGNAL OTHERS TO STAY AWAY FROM THE MACHINE
D. JUMP FROM THE MACHINE ONLY IF IT'S ON FIRE

9 WHEN EXCAVATING A TRENCH, THE SPOIL PILE NEEDS TO BE PLACED A MINIMUM OF ____FEET FROM
THE EDGE OF TRENCH.
A. 1 FOOT
B. 2 FEET
C. 3 FEET
D. 4 FEET

10 WHEN TRENCHING IN PREVIOUSLY FILLED AREAS, CAVE-INS ARE


A. MORE LIKELY TO OCCUR
B. LESS LIKELY TO OCCUR
C. NOT A CONCERN TO THE OPERATOR
D. ONLY POSSIBLE IF TEMPERATURE IS BELOW 60 DEGREES

11 WHEN LIFTING A LOAD WITH AN EXCAVATOR, WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO BE UNDER IT AT ANY GIVEN TIME
A. ONLY THOSE IN THE TRENCH ARE ALLOWED
B. ONLY THOSE WEARING HARDHATS
C. NO ONE IS ALLOWED
D. ONLY PEOPLE WHO RIGGED THE LOAD

12 WHEN ENTERING AND EXITING EQUIPMENT ALWAYS -


A. GO HEAD FIRST
B. CARRY TOOLS AND MATERIALS
C. MAINTAIN 3 POINTS OF CONTACT
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE

13 WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DO NOT CAUSE TRENCH CAVE-INS?


A. WEATHER
B. VIBRATION
C. WEIGHT
D. SHORING AND SLOPING

14 WHEN ARE RIDERS ALLOWED ON EQUIPMENT?


A. NEVER
B. ONLY WHEN THEY WEAR SEATBELTS
C. IF THERE IS ENOUGH ROOM
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE

15 WHEN USING THE EXCAVATOR TO MAKE A LIFT, IT IS BEST TO RIG THE LOAD TO THE ___ON THE BUCKET
A. TOOTH
B. EYE
C. EXCAVATORS CAN'T BE USED TO LIFT LOAD(S)
D. ANY POINT ON THE BUCKET IS OKAY

16 WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A BASIC CAPABILITY OF THE BUCKET ON AN EXCAVATOR?


A. LIFTING
B. LOADING
C. BACKFILLING
D. ROUGH GRADING/LEVELING
E. ALL OF THE ABOVE

17 AS IT RELATES TO AN EXCAVATOR THE TERM ROPS, STANDS FOR -


A. ROLL OVER PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE
B. RIGHT OF PASSAGE SYSTEM
C. RIGGING OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES STANDARD
D. RIGHTS OF PEOPLE'S SECURITY

18 WHEN OPERATING IN A CONGESTED AREA, WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ESTABLISHING A SAFETY BARRIER
AROUND THE MACHINE?
A. SITE SAFETY OFFICER
B. OPERATOR
C. WORKERS IN THE AREA
D. A SAFETY BARRIER IS NOT NEEDED

19 THE JOYSTICK CONTROLS ON AN EXCAVATOR SHOULD ALWAYS RETURN TO A ___ POSITION ONCE THEY
ARE RELEASED.
A. FORWARD
B. BACK
C. NEUTRAL
D. ROLLOVER

20 AS AN OPERATOR, YOU SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH:


A. LOCAL TRAFFIC RULES, WARNING DEVICES, AND HAND SIGNALS.
B. THE LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL YOUR MACHINE'S CONTROLS, GAUGES, INSTRUMENTS, AND
PROTECTIVE DEVICES.
C. THE CONDITION OF THE HAUL ROADS AND OF THE SOIL OR MATERIAL TO BE MOVED.
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE.

21 A PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION OF YOUR MACHINE SHOULD INCLUDE A VISUAL INSPECTION OF:


A. THE ATTACHMENT CUTTING EDGES, TEETH, WEAR PLATES, ETC.
B. SPROCKETS ON WHEELED VEHICLES TO DETERMINE WEAR PATTERNS.
C. THE COOLANT, LUBRICANT, FUEL, AND HYDRAULIC LINES FOR LEAKS.
D. A AND C.

22 KEEP YOUR EXCAVATOR'S BOOM AT LEAST ___ FEET FROM ALL POWER LINES.
A. 5 FEET
B. 6 FEET
C. 8 FEET
D. 10 FEET

23 IF THERE IS A WARNING TAG ON THE STARTER SWITCH OR STEERING WHEEL OF YOUR VEHICLE.
A. THE TAG IS INFORMING YOU OF THE LOCATION OF A JOB SITE HAZARD - GO AHEAD AND START UP.
B. IT'S A NOTE ASKING YOU TO GET IN TOUCH WITH THE JOB SUPERINTENDENT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
C. DON'T START THE ENGINE - THE TAG INDICATES A MACHINE MALFUNCTION THAT MUST BE CORRECTED
BEFORE YOU CAN SAFELY OPERATE THE MACHINE.
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE.

24 WHEN ROADING A WHEEL DOZER OR LOADER, YOU SHOULD:


A. MAKE SURE THAT CLEARANCE FLAGS AND OTHER REQUIRED WARNINGS ARE ON THE MACHINE.
B. CARRY YOUR BUCKET HIGH FOR GOOD STABILITY AND VISIBILITY.
C. STAY NEXT TO THE HIGH WALL WHEN TRAVELLING EMPTY ON HILLY ROADS.
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE.

25 WHEN MOVING A LOAD WITH CABLES, MAKE SURE THAT:


A. THE CABLE IS ATTACHED TO THE MACHINE POINTS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR TOWING.
B. USE THE LARGEST CABLE POSSIBLE FOR THE JOB.
C. ALL PERSONNEL ARE CLEAR BEFORE MAKING THE PULL.
D. A AND C.

26 WHILE POSITIONING YOUR OFF-HIGHWAY TRUCK FOR DUMPING, YOU SHOULD:


A. MOVE THE TRUCK BED HOIST TO THE DUMP POSITION.
B. FOLLOW THE SPOTTER'S DIRECTIONS.
C. IGNORE YOUR REAR CLEARANCE.
D. NONE OF THE ABOVE.

27 YOU ARE ON A DOWNGRADE IN YOUR TANDEM SCRAPER AND ARE APPROACHING A SHARP CURVE.
WHAT PRECAUTION SHOULD YOU TAKE?
A. PUMP YOUR SERVICE BRAKES CONTINUOUSLY THROUGH THE CURVE AND ON DOWN THE GRADE.
B. REDUCE YOUR SPEED ON THE DOWNGRADE BEFORE ENTERING THE CURVE
C. ACCELERATE YOUR REAR ENGINE AS YOU ENTER THE CURVE.
D. A AND C.

28 TO SHUT YOUR MACHINE DOWN PROPERLY, THE OPERATOR SHOULD:


A. LOWER ATTACHMENTS COMPLETELY TO THE GROUND AND SHUT OFF THE ENGINE.
B. SET THE TRANSMISSION LOCK, PARKING BRAKE, AND REMOVE THE KEYS.
C. INSTALL AND LOCK ALL VANDALISM GUARDS.
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE.

29 WHEN MOVING A LOAD WITH CABLES, MAKE SURE THAT:


A. THE CABLE IS ATTACHED TO THE MACHINE POINTS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR TOWING.
B. USE THE LARGEST CABLE POSSIBLE FOR THE JOB.
C. ALL PERSONNEL ARE CLEAR BEFORE MAKING THE PULL.
D. A AND C.

30 IT IS A GOOD PRACTICE TO PARK YOUR MACHINE BENEATH A HIGH BANK.


A. 1
B. 0
C. MAYBE
D. NOT SURE
IDENTIFICATION OF PARTS - HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR (20 PTS)
PREPARED BY TRAINER: JESSIE C. MANA-IT

H.E.O. WHEEL LOADER NC II

PRE - TEST

TRUE OR FALSE

1 WHILE DRIVING YOUR WHEEL LOADER, IT IS OK TO HAVE YOUR BUCKET TOUCHING THE GROUND.
ANS: 0
2 WHEN TRAVELLING WITH A LOAD, YOUR BUCKETS SHOULD BE NO MORE THAN 6 INCHES OFF THE GROUND.
ANS: 0
3 IT IS NOT SAFE TO TALK TO SOMEONE WHILE OPERATING YOUR WHEEL LOADER.
ANS: 1
4 WHEN LOADS ARE LIFTED HIGH THEY REDUCE A WHEEL LOADER'S STABILITY.
ANS: 1
5 THE SHIFT SUPERVISOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR FILLING OUT THE PRE-OPERATIONAL CHECKLIST.
ANS: 0
6 A TRAILER'S WHEELS SHOULD BE CHOKED BEFORE DRIVING A WHEEL LOADER INTO THE TRAILER.
ANS: 1
7 FOR MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY, A WHEEL LOADER ENGINE SHOULD BE LEFT RUNNING DURING REFUELING WITH DIESEL
GASOLINE, OR PROPANE.
ANS: 0
8 WALK AROUND INSPECTION SHOULD BE DONE BEFORE AND AFTER OPERATION.
ANS: 1
9 THE WHEEL LOADER OPERATOR IS TO HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL PRIOR TO
OPERATING THE MACHINE.
ANS: 1
10 A FIRE EXTINGUISHER SHOULD BE IN THE CAB OF THE WHEEL LOADER AT ALL TIMES.
ANS: 1
1 HABANG NAG WORK, ANO ANG DAPAT NA PRIMARY CONSIDERATION NG OPERATOR PALAGI
ANS: SAFETY

2 ANG ENGINE OIL AY PINAPAIKOT NG -


ANS: LUBRICATING OIL PUMP

3 ANG MANIBELA NG WHEEL LOADER AY ACTIVATED THROUGH ITS -


ANS: WHEELS

4 ANG PINAKAMATIPID NA HAULING DISTANCE NA KAYANG I MOVE ANG LOAD EFFICIENTLY AY -


ANS: 50 METERS

5 ANG DAPAT ISUOT NG OPERATOR DURING WHEEL LOADER OPERATION AY -


ANS: SAFETY SHOES

6 ANO ANG REQUIRED SPEED RANGE PAG NAG SCOOPING NG EARTH MATERIALS?
ANS: F1

7 MAGANDANG PRACTICE BA NA GUMAMIT NG HIGHER GEAR KUNG PABABA KAYSA PATAAS NG GRADE?
ANS: 0

8 ANO ANG REQUIRED POSITION NG BUCKET HABANG NAG SCOOPING NG EARTH MATERIALS?
ANS: FLOAT POSITION

9 ANG DIRECTIONAL LEVER SA WHEEL LOADER AY GINAGAMIT SA -


ANS: MOVE THE MACHINE TO THE DESIRED DIRECTION
10 KAILAN DAPAT I APPLY ANG SERVICE BRAKE PEDAL?
ANS: TO STOP THE WHEEL LOADER

11 KAILAN DAPAT I APPLY ANG NEUTRALIZER PEDAL (INCHING PEDAL)?


ANS: WHEN SLOWING DOWN THE MACHINE

12 ANO ANG DAPAT BASAHIN AT PAG ARALAN NG OPERATOR


ANS: OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

13 KAILAN DAPAT MAG GREASING NG ARTICULATION PIN, ANO ANG DAPAT GAWIN?
ANS: PARK THE MACHINE ON A LEVEL GROUND AND INSTALL THE ARTICULATION LOCK

14 ANONG GRADE NG OIL ANG GINAGAMIT SA TRANSMISSION NG WHEEL LOADER?


ANS: AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID

15 KAILAN GINAGAWA ANG WALK AROUND INSPECTION?


ANS: DAILY, BEFORE AND AFTER WORK

16 ENGINE WARM-UP NA DI KUKULANGIN NG 5 MINUTES AY KINAKAILANGAN PARA -


ANS: PROPER OPERATING TEMPERATURE OF THE ENGINE

17 ANONG SAFETY ACTION ANG KAILANGAN WHEN TAPPING COOLANT WATER


ANS: LET THE ENGINE COOL DOWN FIRST

18 KAILAN DAPAT LINISAN O PALITAN ANG AIR FILTER?


ANS: WHEN THE RED MARK IS REACHED IN THE AIR FILTER INDICATOR

19 KAPAG NAG OPERATE NG WHEEL LOADER, ONE MUST BE AWARE OF ANY USUAL -
ANS: SOUND, MOVEMENT, HEAT, ODOR

20 TO BE ALERT ON ANY POTENTIAL HAZARDS, THE OPERATOR MUST HAVE THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT -
ANS: TOOLS
H.E.O. BULLDOZER NC II

PRE - TEST

TRUE OR FALSE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

MULTIPLE CHOICE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

IDENTIFICATION OF PARTS - HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


H.E.O. BULLDOZER NC II

PRE - TEST

TRUE OR FALSE

MULTIPLE CHOICE

IDENTIFICATION OF PARTS - HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR