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Sumatra, Marie Bernadette A.

2017-00513-MN-0
BS-ARCH 3-1
History of Architecture 4

APOLINARIO MABINI SHRINE

The nipa house of A. Mabini is a


representation of Philippine Vernacular
Architecture. This house is designed as an
adaptation to its tropical environment. The
exteriors are made of a yakal wood that is
enough to carry the strength of the entire
house and there are thatched roof that
contributes breeze in the house’ interior. The
flexible framing system and materials allow
the nipa house’ frame to sway during earthquakes. (Exterior Façade)
Walls and roofs are constructed of nipa with low unit value that helps to emit the humid
temperature. The bamboo floor is laid with just enough spaces between to allow natural
air breeze to enter through the floor. The placements of large windows are good enough
to exemplify the concept of passive cooling and cross ventilation. Window awnings
provide shade from sun and rain.

There are the veranda, the “bulwagan” or the


receiving room for entertaining guest, Two “silids” or
bedrooms, “tampipi” or closets, “dulang” or low table,
“kamalig” or rice storage and “gilir” or the kitchen. The
“batalan” or bathroom are not included in the plan,
because during the early age it is located outside of
the house. Batalan is not a closed room unlike what
we have today, but only a cubicle enough to hide the
user’s private body.

(Nipa House floor plan)

Part of Mabini’s shrine is also the museum that is


separated from its house where his biography,
statue, letters, belongings, events and people
that are related to A. Mabini can be found right
there.

References:
Apolinario Mabini Shrine, PUP Sta. Mesa, Manila

(Dining Room) (Kitchen area showing


the bamboo floors,
dulang and kamalig).