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Satcon Inverter Solutions

Communication Interface Reference


Guide

Modbus TCP/IP and RS485 Communications


PM00488 Revision 3

Satcon Technology Corporation


25 Drydock Avenue, Boston, MA 02210, U.S.A.
Tel: 617.910.5500 I Fax: 617.910.5501 I www.satcon.com
Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................................................ i

About This Guide.............................................................................................................................................................. xii

Purpose .................................................................................................................................................................................................xii
Who Should Read this Guide ................................................................................................................................................................xii
How the Guide is Organized .................................................................................................................................................................xii
Reference Manuals .............................................................................................................................................................................. xiii
Conventions Used ........................................................................................................................................................... xiv

Important-Read First ....................................................................................................................................................... xv

External Publication Sources .......................................................................................................................................................... xv


Exceptions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... xv
Master-Slave ................................................................................................................................................................................... xv
Older Inverter Versions ................................................................................................................................................................... xv
Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals......................................................................................................... 1

About this Chapter.................................................................................................................................................................................. 1


About Communication Models and Protocols ........................................................................................................................................ 2
Communication Models ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
OSI Model ................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
TCP/IP Model .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Communication Protocols ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Modbus RS 485 Protocol .................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Modbus TCP Protocol ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Message Transactions ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Transactions on Modbus RS485 Networks ................................................................................................................................ 4
Transactions on TCP/IP Networks .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Query and Response Cycle .............................................................................................................................................................. 6
Query Cycle ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6
Response Cycle .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Serial Transmission Modes .................................................................................................................................................................... 7
RTU Mode ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Message Framing................................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Modbus Message Framing ................................................................................................................................................................ 8
Modbus TCP/IP Framing ................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Chapter 2 Technical References ....................................................................................................................................... 9

About this Chapter.................................................................................................................................................................................. 9


Physical Layer Implementation (Serial Port) ........................................................................................................................................ 10

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Serial Port Hardware Characteristics .............................................................................................................................................. 10


Serial Port Software Characteristics ............................................................................................................................................... 10
Making RS485 Connections................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Connecting Devices ........................................................................................................................................................................ 11
Note on RS485 Pinout Markings ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Line Termination ............................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Line Termination Resistor Location .......................................................................................................................................... 12
PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Systems ................................................................................................................... 12
PowerGate® Inverter Systems ................................................................................................................................................. 12
Signal Common and Ground .......................................................................................................................................................... 13
Transient Energy....................................................................................................................................................................... 13
Connections .............................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Conductors and Shield ............................................................................................................................................................. 14
Guidelines for Wiring RS485 Links ................................................................................................................................................. 15
Data Link Layer Implementation (Modbus Protocol) ............................................................................................................................ 18
Transmission Modes ....................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Function Codes ............................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Register Addresses ......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
PowerGate® Inverter ................................................................................................................................................................. 18
PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverters................................................................................................................................. 18
Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 19

About this Chapter ............................................................................................................................................................................... 19


Read Only Registers ............................................................................................................................................................................ 20
Slave Address ................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Fault 1 ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Fault 2 ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Fault 3 ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 22
Fault 4 (DC Faults) .......................................................................................................................................................................... 23
Fault 5 (AC Line Faults) .................................................................................................................................................................. 24
Status Word 6 ................................................................................................................................................................................. 25
Status Word 7 ................................................................................................................................................................................. 26
PCS State ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 26
DC Input Power ............................................................................................................................................................................... 27
DC Link Voltage .............................................................................................................................................................................. 27
DC Input Voltage ............................................................................................................................................................................. 27
DC Input Current ............................................................................................................................................................................. 27
Output kvar ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Output kw ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 28
Output kva ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 28

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Line Voltage A, B, C ........................................................................................................................................................................ 28


Line Current A, B, C ........................................................................................................................................................................ 28
Neutral Current ................................................................................................................................................................................ 29
Stop Code ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Total kwh (low word) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Total kwh (high word) ...................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Line Power factor ............................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Line Frequency................................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Output Power Limit .......................................................................................................................................................................... 30
String Currents ................................................................................................................................................................................ 30
String Amp Hours ............................................................................................................................................................................ 31
Read/Write Registers ........................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Remote Command .......................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Reactive Power Command ............................................................................................................................................................. 32
Reactive Current Command ............................................................................................................................................................ 32
Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions ............................................................................... 33

About this Chapter................................................................................................................................................................................ 33


About the PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Registers ............................................................................................................. 34
Special Note about PowerGate® Plus 1MW Inverter Registers ........................................................................................................... 34
Summary of PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Registers ......................................................................................................... 34
Read Only Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Read and Write Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................ 35
Read Only Parameters ......................................................................................................................................................................... 35
DPCB Software Identification .......................................................................................................................................................... 35
Software Identification Number ................................................................................................................................................. 35
Faults Group.................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Fault Word 1 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 36
Fault Word 2 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 37
Fault Word 3 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 38
Fault Word 4 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 39
Fault Word 5 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 40
Fault Word 6 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 41
Fault Word 7 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 42
Number of Faults ...................................................................................................................................................................... 43
Program Checksum .................................................................................................................................................................. 43
Parameter Checksum ............................................................................................................................................................... 43
Meters Group .................................................................................................................................................................................. 44
DC Input Volts ........................................................................................................................................................................... 44
DC Link Volts ............................................................................................................................................................................ 44

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DC Link Amps ........................................................................................................................................................................... 44


DC Ground Current ................................................................................................................................................................... 44
Line Amps A, B, C .................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Line Amps Average .................................................................................................................................................................. 45
Neutral Current ......................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Line Volts A, B, C ...................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Line Volts Average .................................................................................................................................................................... 46
Line Voltage Unbalance ............................................................................................................................................................ 46
Line Current Unbalance ............................................................................................................................................................ 46
Input kw..................................................................................................................................................................................... 46
Output kw .................................................................................................................................................................................. 47
Output kvar ............................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Output kva................................................................................................................................................................................. 47
Power Factor............................................................................................................................................................................. 47
Ground Impedance ................................................................................................................................................................... 48
Zone Current Group ........................................................................................................................................................................ 48
Zone Amps 1-32 ....................................................................................................................................................................... 48
Zone Amps Average ................................................................................................................................................................. 48
Zone kWh Group ............................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Zone kWh 1-32 ......................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Zone kWh Average ................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Energy Production Group................................................................................................................................................................ 49
Total Wh (not used) .................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Total kWh .................................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Total MWh................................................................................................................................................................................. 50
kWh Today ................................................................................................................................................................................ 50
kWh Yesterday.......................................................................................................................................................................... 50
Total kWh 7 days ...................................................................................................................................................................... 50
Total kWh 30 days .................................................................................................................................................................... 51
Average kWh 7 days ................................................................................................................................................................. 51
Average kWh 30 days ............................................................................................................................................................... 51
Line Feedback Group...................................................................................................................................................................... 51
Average Line Frequency ........................................................................................................................................................... 52
Average Line Frequency Error.................................................................................................................................................. 52
Field Programmable Gate Array Group .......................................................................................................................................... 52
FPGA Identification Number ..................................................................................................................................................... 52
Operating State Group .................................................................................................................................................................... 52
DC Input Voltage Timer ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

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AC Line Voltage Timer .............................................................................................................................................................. 53


Operating State ......................................................................................................................................................................... 53
Temperature Feedback Group ........................................................................................................................................................ 53
Internal Air Temperature ........................................................................................................................................................... 53
Inverter Air Temperature ........................................................................................................................................................... 54
Heatsink Temperature 1 to 6 .................................................................................................................................................... 54
Heatsink Maximum Temperature 1 ........................................................................................................................................... 54
Fan Speed Command 1 ............................................................................................................................................................ 54
Heatsink Maximum Temperature 2 ........................................................................................................................................... 55
Fan Speed Command 2 ............................................................................................................................................................ 55
Number of Temperature Feedbacks ......................................................................................................................................... 55
Serial Number Group ...................................................................................................................................................................... 56
Serial number word 1-4............................................................................................................................................................. 56
Components Group ......................................................................................................................................................................... 56
Number of Zones ...................................................................................................................................................................... 56
Ratings Group ................................................................................................................................................................................. 56
Rated Output Power ................................................................................................................................................................. 56
Rated Line Frequency............................................................................................................................................................... 57
Rated Line Voltage ................................................................................................................................................................... 57
Inverter Voltage Tap Setting ..................................................................................................................................................... 57
DC Protection Group ....................................................................................................................................................................... 57
DC Input Overvoltage Trip ........................................................................................................................................................ 57
DC Input Overvoltage Delay ..................................................................................................................................................... 58
DC Input Undervoltage Trip ...................................................................................................................................................... 58
DC Input Undervoltage Delay ................................................................................................................................................... 58
DC Link Instantaneous Overvoltage Trip .................................................................................................................................. 58
DC Link Overvoltage Trip.......................................................................................................................................................... 59
DC Link Overvoltage Delay....................................................................................................................................................... 59
DC Input Instantaneous Undervoltage Trip .............................................................................................................................. 59
DC Link Undervoltage Trip........................................................................................................................................................ 59
DC Link Undervoltage Delay..................................................................................................................................................... 60
DC Input Instantaneous Overcurrent Trip ................................................................................................................................. 60
DC Input Overcurrent Trip......................................................................................................................................................... 60
DC Input Overcurrent Delay...................................................................................................................................................... 60
Ground Current Fault Trip ......................................................................................................................................................... 61
Ground Current Fault Delay ...................................................................................................................................................... 61
AC Protection Group ....................................................................................................................................................................... 61
Line Overvoltage Trip Fast........................................................................................................................................................ 61

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Line Overvoltage Delay Fast .................................................................................................................................................... 62


Line Overvoltage Trip Slow ....................................................................................................................................................... 62
Line Overvoltage Delay Slow.................................................................................................................................................... 62
Line Undervoltage Trip Fast ..................................................................................................................................................... 63
Line Undervoltage Delay Fast .................................................................................................................................................. 63
Line Undervoltage Trip Slow..................................................................................................................................................... 63
Line Undervoltage Delay Slow.................................................................................................................................................. 64
Line Overcurrent Trip ................................................................................................................................................................ 64
Line Overcurrent Delay ............................................................................................................................................................. 64
Neutral Overcurrent Trip ........................................................................................................................................................... 64
Line Overcurrent Delay ............................................................................................................................................................. 65
Line Overfrequency Trip ........................................................................................................................................................... 65
Line Overfrequency Delay ........................................................................................................................................................ 65
Line Underfrequency Trip ......................................................................................................................................................... 65
Line Underfrequency Delay ...................................................................................................................................................... 66
Voltage Unbalance Trip ............................................................................................................................................................ 66
Voltage Unbalance Delay ......................................................................................................................................................... 66
Current Unbalance Trip ............................................................................................................................................................ 66
Current Unbalance Delay ......................................................................................................................................................... 67
Real Time Clock Group ................................................................................................................................................................... 67
Real Time Clock Second .......................................................................................................................................................... 67
Real Time Clock Hour ............................................................................................................................................................... 67
Real Time Clock Month.day ...................................................................................................................................................... 68
Real Time Clock Year ............................................................................................................................................................... 68
Read and Write Parameters................................................................................................................................................................. 69
Remote Command .................................................................................................................................................................... 69
Modbus Access Code ............................................................................................................................................................... 69
Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions ............................................................................................................. 71

About this Chapter ............................................................................................................................................................................... 71


Historical Data Collection ..................................................................................................................................................................... 72
Present: ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 72
Statistical: ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 72
Historical: ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 72
Shared Modbus Table .......................................................................................................................................................................... 73
Modbus ID Number .............................................................................................................................................................................. 73
Modbus Register Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................. 73
Subcombiner Assembly Information Group .................................................................................................................................... 73
Firmware Version Number ........................................................................................................................................................ 73

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Serial Number Words 0 to 1...................................................................................................................................................... 73


Subcombiner Communications Group ............................................................................................................................................ 74
Modbus Address ....................................................................................................................................................................... 74
Modbus Baud Rate ................................................................................................................................................................... 74
Polling Interval .......................................................................................................................................................................... 74
Time Since Last Polling Interval ............................................................................................................................................... 75
Subcombiner Status Group ............................................................................................................................................................. 75
Combiner Fault Word 1 ............................................................................................................................................................. 75
Combiner Fault Word 2 ............................................................................................................................................................. 76
SSB Combiner Status Word 1 .................................................................................................................................................. 76
SSB Combiner Status Word 2 .................................................................................................................................................. 76
Combiner Status Word 1........................................................................................................................................................... 77
Internal Temperature ................................................................................................................................................................ 77
External Temperature #1 .......................................................................................................................................................... 78
External Temperature #2 .......................................................................................................................................................... 78
Current Deviation Fault Tolerance ............................................................................................................................................ 79
Current Deviation Fault Minimum ............................................................................................................................................. 79
Subcombiner String Groups ............................................................................................................................................................ 79
Input Current ............................................................................................................................................................................. 79
Input Voltage ............................................................................................................................................................................. 80
Output Current .......................................................................................................................................................................... 80
Output Voltage .......................................................................................................................................................................... 81
External String Temperature #1 ................................................................................................................................................ 81
String Status Word 1 ................................................................................................................................................................. 81
String Serial Number................................................................................................................................................................. 82
String Software Version ............................................................................................................................................................ 82
Highest Recorded String Current .............................................................................................................................................. 83
Present String Input Current ..................................................................................................................................................... 83
Present String Input Voltage ..................................................................................................................................................... 83
Present String Output Current .................................................................................................................................................. 84
Present String Output Voltage .................................................................................................................................................. 84
Present String Input Power ....................................................................................................................................................... 84
Present String Output Power .................................................................................................................................................... 85
Present String Status ................................................................................................................................................................ 85
Reset Faults .............................................................................................................................................................................. 85
Calibrate DC Current Sensors .................................................................................................................................................. 86
Soft Reset ................................................................................................................................................................................. 86
Reset Highest / Lowest Data .................................................................................................................................................... 87

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Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions ......................................................................................................... 89

About This Chapter .............................................................................................................................................................................. 89


Modbus Address Number .................................................................................................................................................................... 90
Register Descriptions ........................................................................................................................................................................... 90
Ambient Temperature .......................................................................................................................................................................... 90
Cell Temperature ................................................................................................................................................................................. 90
Wind Speed .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 90
Wind Direction ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 90
Irradiance ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 90
Alternate Cell Temperature .................................................................................................................................................................. 91
Weather Station Serial Number ........................................................................................................................................................... 91
Weather Station Firmware Version ...................................................................................................................................................... 91
Weather Station Equipment Version .................................................................................................................................................... 91
Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions ............................................................................................... 93

About This Chapter .............................................................................................................................................................................. 93


Additional Information .......................................................................................................................................................................... 93
Default Modbus Address ...................................................................................................................................................................... 93
Floating Point Number Representation ................................................................................................................................................ 93
Register Descriptions ........................................................................................................................................................................... 94
Meter Name .................................................................................................................................................................................... 94
Meter Serial Number ....................................................................................................................................................................... 94
Meter Firmware Number ................................................................................................................................................................. 94
Volts Phase A-N .............................................................................................................................................................................. 94
Volts Phase B-N .............................................................................................................................................................................. 94
Volts Phase C-N.............................................................................................................................................................................. 95
Volts Phase A-B .............................................................................................................................................................................. 95
Volts Phase B-C .............................................................................................................................................................................. 95
Volts Phase C-A .............................................................................................................................................................................. 95
Phase A Amps ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Phase B Amps ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Phase C Amps ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Watt Total ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
VAR Total ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 97
VA Total .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 97
Power Factor ................................................................................................................................................................................... 97
Frequency ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 97
Neutral Currents .............................................................................................................................................................................. 97
Whrs Received ................................................................................................................................................................................ 98
Whrs Delivered ................................................................................................................................................................................ 98

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Whrs Net ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 98


Whrs Total ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 99
Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries........................................................................... 101

About this Chapter.............................................................................................................................................................................. 101


PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Parameters ........................................................................................................................ 102
Modbus Registers for Fault Parameters ....................................................................................................................................... 102
Modbus Registers for Metering Parameters ................................................................................................................................. 102
Modbus Registers for Zone Current Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 103
Modbus Registers for Zone kW Hour Parameters ........................................................................................................................ 104
Modbus Registers for Energy Production Parameters .................................................................................................................. 105
Modbus Registers for Line Feedback Parameters ........................................................................................................................ 105
Modbus Registers for FPGA Parameters...................................................................................................................................... 105
Modbus Registers for Operating State Parameters ...................................................................................................................... 105
Modbus Registers for Temperature Feedback Parameters .......................................................................................................... 106
Modbus Registers for Serial Number Parameters ........................................................................................................................ 106
Modbus Registers for Component Parameters ............................................................................................................................. 106
Modbus Registers for Rating Parameters ..................................................................................................................................... 107
Modbus Registers for DC Protection Parameters ......................................................................................................................... 107
Modbus Registers for AC Protection Parameters ......................................................................................................................... 108
Modbus Registers for Time Parameters ....................................................................................................................................... 108
Modbus Registers for Writeable Parameters ................................................................................................................................ 109
Smart SubCombiner / Solstice® Subcombiner Parameters ............................................................................................................... 109
Modbus Registers for Combiner Assembly Information Parameters ............................................................................................ 109
Modbus Registers for Communications Parameters .................................................................................................................... 109
Modbus Registers for Combiner Fault Parameters ....................................................................................................................... 110
Modbus Registers for Combiner Temperature Parameters .......................................................................................................... 110
Modbus Registers for Stored Combiner Values ............................................................................................................................ 110
Modbus Registers for String #XX Parameters .............................................................................................................................. 111
Modbus Registers for Highest Output Current .............................................................................................................................. 112
Modbus Registers for Present String Input Currents .................................................................................................................... 113
Modbus Registers for Present String Input Voltages .................................................................................................................... 113
Modbus Registers for Present String Output Currents ................................................................................................................. 114
Modbus Registers for Present String Output Voltages ................................................................................................................. 115
Modbus Registers for Present String Input Power ........................................................................................................................ 115
Modbus Registers for Present String Output Power ..................................................................................................................... 116
Modbus Registers for Present String Status ................................................................................................................................. 116
Modbus Registers for Control ....................................................................................................................................................... 117
Weather Station Parameters .............................................................................................................................................................. 117
Revenue Grade Meter Parameters .................................................................................................................................................... 118

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Glossary........................................................................................................................................................................... 120

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List of Figures
Figure 1 Communication Protocols and Models ......................................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2 Communications on Modbus Network .......................................................................................................................................... 4
Figure 3 Communications on TCP/IP Network ........................................................................................................................................... 5
Figure 4 Query-Response Cycle ................................................................................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5 Modbus Message Framing (RTU Format) .................................................................................................................................... 8
Figure 6 Modbus TCP/IP Message Framing............................................................................................................................................... 8
Figure 7 Master-Slave RS485 Connections.............................................................................................................................................. 11
Figure 8 Terminating Resistor Jumper Positions-DPCB-7 Board ........................................................................................................... 12
Figure 9 Two-Wire Plus Common and Shield RS485 Connection ........................................................................................................... 16
Figure 10 RS485 Daisy Chain Connection ............................................................................................................................................... 16
Figure 11 Incorrect Configuration (T-Connection) .................................................................................................................................... 17
Figure 12 Incorrect Configuration (Star Connection) ................................................................................................................................ 17
Figure 13 Sensor Output in SubCombiner System ................................................................................................................................... 72

List of Tables
Table 1 Serial Port Hardware Characteristics (PowerGate and PowerGate Plus Versions) .................................................................... 10
Table 2 Serial Port Characteristics (Both Inverter Versions) .................................................................................................................... 10
Table 3 Fault Word 1 Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................ 36
Table 4 Fault Word 2 Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................ 37
Table 5 DPCB Fault Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................. 38
Table 6 Hardware Fault Descriptions ........................................................................................................................................................ 39
Table 7 Inverter Fault Descriptions ........................................................................................................................................................... 40
Table 8 Temperature Fault Descriptions................................................................................................................................................... 41
Table 9 Warning Messages ...................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Table 10 Registers for Fault Parameters ................................................................................................................................................ 102
Table 11 Registers for Metering Parameters .......................................................................................................................................... 102
Table 12 Registers for Zone Current Parameters ................................................................................................................................... 103
Table 13 Registers for Zone kW Hour Parameters ................................................................................................................................. 104
Table 14 Registers for Energy Production Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 105
Table 15 Registers for Line Feedback Parameters ................................................................................................................................ 105
Table 16 Registers for FPGA Parameters .............................................................................................................................................. 105
Table 17 Registers for Operating State Parameters ............................................................................................................................... 105
Table 18 Registers for Temperature Feedback Parameters .................................................................................................................. 106
Table 19 Registers for Serial Number Parameters ................................................................................................................................. 106
Table 20 Registers for Component Parameters ..................................................................................................................................... 106
Table 21 Registers for Rating Parameters .............................................................................................................................................. 107
Table 22 Registers for DC Protection Parameters.................................................................................................................................. 107
Table 23 Registers for AC Protection Parameters .................................................................................................................................. 108
Table 24 Registers for Time Parameters ................................................................................................................................................ 108
Table 25 Registers for Writeable Parameters ......................................................................................................................................... 109
Table 26 Registers for Combiner Assembly Information Parameters ..................................................................................................... 109
Table 27 Registers for Communications Parameters ............................................................................................................................. 109
Table 28 Registers for Combiner Fault Parameters ............................................................................................................................... 110
Table 29 Registers for Combiner Temperature Parameters ................................................................................................................... 110
Table 30 Registers for Stored Combiner Values .................................................................................................................................... 110
Table 31 Registers for String # XX Parameters ...................................................................................................................................... 111
Table 32 Registers for Highest Output Currents ..................................................................................................................................... 112
Table 33 Registers for Present String Input Currents ............................................................................................................................. 113
Table 34 Registers for Present String Input Voltages ............................................................................................................................. 113
Table 35 Registers for Present String Output Currents .......................................................................................................................... 114
Table 36 Registers for Present String Output Voltages .......................................................................................................................... 115
Table 37 Registers for Present String Input Power................................................................................................................................. 115
Table 38 Registers for Present String Output Power .............................................................................................................................. 116

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About This Guide

Table 39 Registers for Present String Status ......................................................................................................................................... 116


Table 40 Registers for Control ................................................................................................................................................................ 117
Table 41 Registers for Weather Station Parameters .............................................................................................................................. 117
Table 42 Registers for Revenue Grade Meter Parameters .................................................................................................................... 118
Table 43 Registers for Revenue Grade meter Parameters .................................................................................................................... 119

About This Guide


Purpose
This guide provides information to help design and implement communication interfaces
from other computer systems that require data from Satcon inverter systems and
accessories.
The information in this guide should be used in conjunction with the other publications
referenced in this document.

Who Should Read this Guide


This guide is intended for users who need to implement an end-to-end communication
system for the Satcon inverters.

How the Guide is Organized


This guide contains the following two chapters:
Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals: This chapter provides basic
information about the Modbus protocol and message transactions.
Chapter 2 Technical References: This chapter contains specific about how the
Satcon inverters have implemented the physical layer (hardware characteristics)
and data link layer (software characteristics).
Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions: This chapter contains detailed
descriptions about the register contents for the PowerGate® inverter.
Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Register Descriptions: This
chapter contains detailed descriptions about the register contents for these
inverters.
Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions: This chapter contains detailed
information about the register contents for the Smart SubCombiner and Solstice®
Subcombiner.
Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions: This chapter contains detailed
information about the register contents for the Weather Station.
Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions: This chapter contains
detailed information about the register contents for the Revenue Grade Meter.
Chapter 8 Modus Register Summaries: This chapter contains a number of tables
that list and describe the contents of the Modbus registers for all relevant Satcon
products (PowerGate Plus and Solstice inverters, Subcombiners, Weather Station,
and Revenue Grade Meter).
Glossary

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About This Guide

Reference Manuals
The following documentation should be used with this Communication Interface
Reference Guide:
®
For PowerGate inverters (older models), the relevant Operation Manual
®
For PowerGate Plus, Solstice® and Equinox® inverters, the relevant Satcon
inverter Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Guide
For the Satcon Smart SubCombiner, the relevant Installation Manual
For the Solstice® SubCombiner, the relevant Installation Manual
For the Satcon Weather Station, Operation and Maintenance Guide (PM00447)
For the Satcon Power Meter, Operation and Maintenance Guide (PM00459)
In addition, it is recommended that you access the following documentation from the
web:
http://www.modbus.org/docs/Modbus_over_serial_line_V1_02.pdf
http://www.modbustools.com/PI_MBUS_300.pdf

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Conventions Used

Conventions Used

WARNING
Warnings tell you about conditions and actions that could result in personal injury or
death. A qualifier (e.g. Hazardous Voltage) may follow the warning title.

CAUTION
Cautions tell you about conditions or actions that could result in damage to the inverter
or other equipment. A qualifier (e.g. Inverter Damage) may follow the warning title.

NOTE
Notes tell you about things which are important for you to know but not as serious as
cautions or warnings.

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Important-Read First

Important-Read First
The Satcon PV inverter communicates with external devices using a limited form of the
Modbus open communication standard.

External Publication Sources


For convenience to the reader, some of the information in Chapter 1 of the Modbus RTU
Communication Interface Reference Guide uses information from the following excellent
external sources:
The version of Modbus used is described in the document “Modbus over Serial
Line Specification and Implementation Guide V1.02” Dec 2006, published by
Modbus-IDA. This excellent document-link below-should be read by anyone
implementing serial Modbus:
http://www.modbus.org/docs/Modbus_over_serial_line_V1_02.pdf.
The Modbus software protocol is described in the document “Modicon Modbus
Protocol Reference Guide” PI-MBUS-300 Rev J, June 1996, published by Modicon
Industrial Automation Systems. Link below:
http://www.modbustools.com/PI_MBUS_300.pdf

Exceptions
The Modbus implementation in the Satcon inverter does not fully conform to the
standards described in the “External Publication Sources”.

Master-Slave
Modbus is a single-master multiple-slave protocol. The Satcon inverter and other options
(e.g. Weather Station) are always slaves.

Older Inverter Versions


PowerGate® inverters are an older product line. These inverters are different from the
current generation inverters, including PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® inverters. This
publication contains information about both versions.

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals


About this Chapter
This chapter provides a fundamental understanding of the Modbus (and Modbus RTU)
principles. For more detailed information, refer to the documents referenced in “External
Publication Sources”.

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

About Communication Models and Protocols


Communication Models
Figure 1 is a simplified illustration that shows how messages and data from devices on the
network pass through the different layers and how a Modbus model fits into the scheme.
The Modbus RTU protocol described in this publication occurs at the Data Link (Modbus
Serial Line Protocol) level.

Layer ISO/OSI TCP/IP Layer

MODBUS Application Layer


7 Application MODBUS Application Protocol Client/Server HTTP, FTP, SSH Application 5

6 Presentation Empty

5 Session Empty

4 Transport Empty TCP, UDP Transport 4

3 Network Empty IP Network 3

Ethernet, FDDI,
2 Data Link MODBUS Serial Line Protocol Data Link 2
PPP
MODBUS/Master Slave 10BaseT,
1 Physical EIA/TIA-485 Physical 1
EIA/TIA-485 100BaseT, DSL

7-Layers 5-Layers

Figure 1 Communication Protocols and Models

OSI Model
Communications architectures in general are based on an abstract layered model
developed as part of the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open System
Interconnection (OSI) initiative. In its simplest form, ISO/OSI divides network architectures
into the following seven layers:
1. Physical
2. Data Link
3. Network
4. Transport
5. Session
6. Presentation
7. Application

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

TCP/IP Model
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is an internet protocol. It has five layers
and is not as strictly defined as the OSI model. Although the concept is different from the
OSI model, the layers are often compared to each other as follows:
Internet Application Layer (includes the OSI Application Layer, Presentation
Layer, and most of the Session Layer)
Internet Transport Layer (part of the OSI Session Layer and OSI Transport Layer)
Other layers may be mapped directly between the two models, although they
may be named differently.

Communication Protocols
The Satcon products communicate over networks using RS485 and TCP/IP protocols.

Modbus RS 485 Protocol


The Modbus 485 protocol uses a “master-slave” technique, in which the master always
initiates transactions, to exchange data and information.

Modbus TCP Protocol


Modbus TCP is an internet protocol. Because TCP is the transport protocol of the internet
and the structure of a Modbus frame matches the structure of a TCP frame, Modbus TCP
can readily be used over the internet. This means that Modbus TCP devices can be
addressed over the internet across the globe.

Message Transactions
Satcon’s PowerGate®, PowerGate® Plus, and Solstice® inverters—as well as other devices
such as weather stations, power meters, and subcombiners— communicate with the user
over a standard Ethernet network port. The network is accessed through a built-in port on
the Satcon Communication Controller Module (CCM) inside the inverter.
The CCM uses industry-standard Modbus protocol. This protocol defines the message
structure that the CCM will recognize and use. It also describes the process that the
communication controller uses to request access to another device, how it will respond to
requests from other devices, and how errors will be detected and reported. Modbus
protocol specifies the format of the layout and contents of message fields used by the
CCM.
The Modbus protocol provides the internal standard that the communication controller
uses for parsing messages. During communications on the Modbus network, the protocol
determines how the controller will know its device address, recognize a message
addressed to it, determine what action needs to be taken, and extract any data or other
information contained in the message. If a reply is required, the controller will construct
the reply message and send it using Modbus protocol.
All transactions use a master-slave technique, in which only one device (the master) can
initiate transactions (called “queries”). The other devices (the slaves) respond by
supplying the requested data to the master, or by taking the action requested in the
query. Refer also to “Query and Response Cycle”.

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

Transactions on Modbus RS485 Networks


When communicating on Modbus RS485 networks, the CCM acts as the “master.” See
Figure 2.
The Modbus protocol establishes the format for the master’s query by placing into it the
device (or broadcast) address, a function code defining the requested action, any data to
be sent, and an error-checking field. The slave’s response message is also constructed
using Modbus protocol. It contains fields confirming the action taken, any data to be
returned, and an error-checking field. If an error occurred in receipt of the message, or if
the slave is unable to perform the requested action, the slave will construct an error
message and send it as its response.

MOBUS RTU NETWORK TRANSACTIONS

Modbus Serial Line Protocol

Query

Response

MASTER SLAVE
(Communication
Controller Module- (Satcon Inverter)
CCM)

Figure 2 Communications on Modbus Network

Transactions on TCP/IP Networks


When communicating on TCP/IP networks, the CCM acts as the “slave,” while an external
server (host processor) acts as the “master.” See Figure 3.
The host processor (master) initiates the transaction and awaits the response from CCM.
When the CCM receives a message from the master, it constructs a slave response and
returns it to the originating master. All messaging occurs over the internet using TCP/IP
protocol.
The host processor can be a Satcon server (such as the Satcon PV View® Plus option), or a
third-party server or application.

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

TCP/IP NETWORK TRANSACTIONS

Query Response

MASTER SLAVE

Host Processor / Communication


Application Controller Module - CCM

Figure 3 Communications on TCP/IP Network

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

Query and Response Cycle


Figure 4 is a simplified diagram of the “query-response” cycle.

Query Cycle
The function code in the query tells the addressed slave what kind of action to perform.
The data bytes contain any additional information that the slave will need to perform the
function. For example, 03 will query the slave to read holding registers and respond with
their contents. The data field must contain the information telling the slave which register
to start at and how many resistors to read. The error check field provides a method for
the slave to validate the integrity of the message contents.

Response Cycle
If the slave makes a normal response, the function code in the response is an echo of the
function code in the query. The data bytes contain the data collected by the slave, such as
register values or status. If an error occurs, the function code is modified to indicate that
the response is an error response and the data bytes contain a code that describes the
error. The error check field allows the master to confirm if the message contents are
valid.

Query message from Master

Device Address Device Address

Function Code Function Code

DATA DATA

Error Check Error Check

Response message from Slave

Figure 4 Query-Response Cycle

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

Serial Transmission Modes


Controllers can be setup to communicate on standard Modbus networks using one of two
serial transmission modes: ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) or
RTU (Remote Terminal Unit).
Satcon PowerGate® PLUS and PowerGate® inverters use only the RTU mode.

RTU Mode
With the RTU mode, each 8-bit byte in a message contains two 4bit hexadecimal
characters. The main advantage of this mode is that its greater character density allows
better data throughput than ASCII for the same baud rate. Each message must be
transmitted in a continuous stream.
The format for each byte in RTU mode is:
Coding System 8-bit binary, hexadecimal 0-9,A-F
Two hexadecimal characters contained in each 8-bit
field of the message.

Bits per Byte 1 start bit


8-data bits, least significant bit sent first
1 bit for even/odd parity, no bit for no parity
1 stop bit if parity is used; 2 bits if no parity

Error Check Field Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)

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Chapter 1 Modbus Communication Fundamentals

Message Framing
Modbus Message Framing
In RTU mode, messages start with a “silent” interval representing a specific number of
character times. The first field then transmitted is the address field.
The allowable characters transmitted for all fields are hexadecimal 0-9, A-F. Networked
devices monitor the network bus continuously, including during the “silent” intervals.
When the first field (the address field) is received, each device decodes it to find out if it is
the addressed device.
Following the last transmitted character, a similar interval of silent characters marks the
end of the message. A new message can begin after this interval.

START ADDRESS FUNCTION DATA CRC CHECK END

“SILENT CH” 8 BITS 8 BITS START n x 8 BITS “SILENT CH”

Figure 5 Modbus Message Framing (RTU Format)

Modbus TCP/IP Framing


Modbus TCP/IP protocol embeds a Modbus frame into a TCP frame as shown in Figure 6
(basically puts a TCP “wrapper” around the Modbus frame). This is a connection oriented
transaction, meaning that every query expects a response.

TCP FRAME

Transaction Protocol
Length Field Modbus Frame
Identifier Identifier

Silent Ch Address Function Code DATA Checksum Silent Ch

MODBUS FRAME

Figure 6 Modbus TCP/IP Message Framing

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Chapter 2 Technical References


About this Chapter
This chapter provides information about the following:
How the serial port (physical layer) is configured
Information about making RS485 connections
How the data link (Modbus protocol) is implemented

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Physical Layer Implementation (Serial Port)


The physical layer (serial port) is implemented using EIA/TIA RS485 hardware, normally
configured in the so-called “Two Wire” mode that actually uses three wires. Refer to
“Making RS485 Connections” in this publication.

Serial Port Hardware Characteristics


Table 1 Serial Port Hardware Characteristics (PowerGate and PowerGate Plus Versions)
1
POWERGATE® INVERTER POWERGATE® PLUS INVERTER
Connector Number CN8 J6
Port Configuration Supports 422 or 485 operation (jumper Supports 422 or 485 operation (jumper selectable)
(EIA-485 \ EIA-422) selectable) J182 position 1-2 = EIA-485
J15 position 1-2 = EIA-485 J182 position 2-3 = EIA-422
J15 position 2-3 = EIA-422

Port Interface connections 9 Pin ‘D’ shell (DB9F) 5 Pin Phoenix connector
pin 2 = TX+ pin 1 = TX+
pin 3 = TX- pin 2 = TX-
pin 4 = RX+ pin 3 = RX+
pin 5 = RX- pin 4 = RX-
pin 7 = SGND pin 5 = SGND
Port Interface operation Supports 2 or 4 wire RS485 (jumper selectable) Supports 2 or 4 wire RS485 (jumper selectable)
(2 or 4 wire operation) J13 and J14 positions 1-2 = 2W operation J162 and J172 positions 1-2 = 2W operation
J13 and J14 positions 2-3 = 4W operation J162 and J172 positions 2-3 = 4W operation
Termination resistor 120 ohms permanently connected Normally none. Optional 120 ohms available by
inserting J142 and J152 in position 1-2
Biasing resistors 499 ohm pullup and 499 ohm pulldown Not used
permanently connected
Port Power From external 15 volt power supply on TB30 (+) Supplied from on-board power converter
and TB31 (com)
Port Surge protection DEHN Blitzductor VT Phoenix

1
Note : The serial port for the 500kW PowerGate® PLUS inverter is configured according to this column.
2
Note : Refer to “Line Termination” in this chapter.

Serial Port Software Characteristics


Table 2 Serial Port Characteristics (Both Inverter Versions)
1
POWERGATE® INVERTER POWERGATE® PLUS INVERTER

Baud rate 9600, not adjustable Adjustable 4800-56000


Parity None, not adjustable Adjustable None, Odd, Even
Data bits 8, not adjustable Adjustable 7 or 8
Stop bits 1, not adjustable Adjustable 1 or 2

1
Note : The serial port for the 500kW PowerGate® PLUS inverter is configured according to this column.

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Making RS485 Connections


The RS485 communication link on the Satcon inverters uses a two-wire electrical interface
in accordance with the EIA/TIA-485 standard. This configuration actually uses three wires,
the third wire being a common connection (see Figure 7).

Figure 7 Master-Slave RS485 Connections


A shielded cable must be used for all links between devices with the shield of each
segment being connected to ground at one end only. Which end of the shield is connected
is not critical, so in Figure 7 the shield for both segments from the Master to Device 1 and
from Device 1 to Device 2 could be connected at Device 1 as long as neither of them is
connected at the Master or at Device 2. Alternatively the shield for the segment from the
Master to Device 1 could be connected only at the Master end and the shield for the
segment between Devices 1 and 2 could only be connected at Device 1.

Connecting Devices
Slaves must be connected to a controlling master using a daisy-chain technique (Figure 7 ).
Do not use a star-configuration. Note the following:
PowerGate® Plus and Solstice ® inverter systems: Up to 32 devices can be
connected, including master.
PowerGate® Inverter systems: Up to two inverters can be connected (one at each
end) together with a weather station and/or power meter in between the
inverters, plus a master.

Note on RS485 Pinout Markings


The polarity of the data lines should be verified.
For some devices, the "Data (+)" can be labeled "Data A" and "Data (-)" can be labeled
"Data B" but not all manufacturers follow this convention for A and B. It is better to use
the (+) and (-) labels for polarity.
If a device does not respond, try reversing the lines to see if the device will respond (no
damage will occur).

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Line Termination
Termination is used to match the impedance of a node (device) to the impedance of the
transmission line being used. When the impedances are mismatched, the transmitted
signal is not completely absorbed by the load and a portion is reflected back into the
transmission line. The reflections can interfere with the actual signals and generate
communications errors.

Line Termination Resistor Location


Termination resistors are needed at each end of the two ends of the transmission circuit.
Only one node (device) must have a termination resistor. If different devices (inverters,
weather stations, power meters, etc.) are connected on the network, the termination
resistor MUST be located at the last device.

PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Systems


The PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® inverters are normally configured without line
termination resistors. However, if line termination is required at this device, this inverter
provides a jumper-selectable 120 ohm option. The jumper is located on the Digital Power
Control Board (DPCB-7) shown in Figure 8.

PowerGate® Inverter Systems


PowerGate® Inverter Systems do not have a jumper-selectable termination resistor
option. The termination resistor (120 ohms) is permanently connected. If your system
includes both PowerGate® and PowerGate® PLUS inverters, do not add termination
resistors to the PowerGate® PLUS inverters and be sure that the last device on the network
is the PowerGate® inverter (because it has a permanently connected termination resistor).

J22 (Pos 1-2) J18 (Pos 1-2)

J17 (Pos 1-2)

J16 (Pos 1-2)

J15 (Pos 1-2) J14 (Pos 1-2)

Figure 8 Terminating Resistor Jumper Positions-DPCB-7 Board

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Signal Common and Ground


Transient Energy
Transient energy can be high frequency. At frequencies of this magnitude, it is difficult to
make a low impedance electrical connection between two points due to the inductance of
the path between them. Whether that path is several feet of cable or thousands of feet of
earth between grounding systems, during a transient event there can be hundreds or
thousands of volts potential between different “grounds”. It cannot be assumed that two
points connected by a wire will be at the same voltage potential.
Although RS485 uses 5V differential signaling, a remote node may see the 5V signal
superimposed on a transient of hundreds or thousands of volts with respect to that node’s
local ground. It is more intuitive to refer to what is commonly called “signal ground” as
the “signal common” or as the “signal reference”.

Connections
Large potential differences between grounds may exist and should be considered before
connecting system nodes. The first step towards successful protection is to assure that
each device in the system is referenced to only one ground, eliminating the path through
the device for surge currents searching for a return. There are two approaches to creating
this ground state.
The first approach is to isolate the data ground from the host device ground; this is
typically done with transformers or optical isolators. With an isolated port, the entire
isolated circuitry floats to the level of the transient without disrupting data
communications. As long as the floating level of the circuitry does not exceed the
breakdown rating of the isolators (typically 1000–2500 volts) the port will not be
damaged. This type of protection does not attempt to absorb or shunt excess energy so it
is not sensitive to the length of the transient. Even continuous potential differences will
not harm isolated devices. It is important to note that isolators work on common mode
transients, they cannot protect against large voltage differences between conductors of a
data cable such as those caused by short circuits between data and power circuits.
An alternative approach is to tie each of the grounds on a device together (typically power
ground and data ground) with a low impedance connection. The transient protection
however needs to be able to dissipate the energy in the transient by either absorbing the
energy or providing an alternative shunt path, however this limits the size of the dynamic
transient that can be handled and does not allow a continuous potential difference
between devices, since this can result in large currents.

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Conductors and Shield


RS485 needs 3 conductors and a shield.
Two conductors are used to carry the RS485 differential voltage signal.
The 3rd conductor is used to connect the signal common (of each RS485 driver)
to the same reference.
The shield is connected to earth/ground at one end only and provides shielding
against induced noise.
The driver sends data by modulating the differential voltage. The receiver must sense and
decode the differential. There are limits to the voltages the transmitters and receivers can
work with. These limits are specified by the code. They are -7Volts to +12Volts measured
relative to the Common or Reference signal.
If a ground potential exists between two devices of 24 volts, one of the devices will be
operating outside the specified voltage range. While it might be expected that all the
electrical equipment in an installation is ultimately connected to the same ground, in
practice this is rare, especially in cold climates where building architecture and frozen
ground are determining factors. The 3rd conductor is needed to connect the ground (of
each RS485 driver) to the same reference.
If a 485 device is damaged when it was connected to a laptop or computer, the problem
may be that a ground potential exists. It is a good practice to connect a laptop or
computer’s 485 ground conductor before connecting the differential conductors.
Commonly RS485 system configurations are presented in communications diagrams
without a separate common wire.

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Guidelines for Wiring RS485 Links


Use a shielded twisted pair (e.g. Belden 9842), grounding the shield at one end
only (see Figure 9). Be sure to use a twisted pair for the (-) and (+) conductors.
Establish point-to-point configurations (daisy chain) for each device on an RS485
bus; connect (+) terminals to (+) terminals, (-) terminals to (-) terminals, and
common terminals to common terminals. See Figure 10.
The signal common line must be connected in the system. This connection is
necessary to keep the common mode voltage at the receiver within the allowed
range of -5V to +12V measured relative to the Common or Reference signal. The
circuit may operate without the common connection, but is relying on the
difference between the signals’ common remaining within the allowed range,
which is generally only true in a laboratory or when there are no large current
flows. Systems without a common connection will have unreliable connections
when operating while inverters are generating power.
You may connect up to 31 devices on a single bus using RS485 without using a
repeater. Before assembling the bus, each device must have a unique address
(unique ID). Satcon configures default settings during manufacture.
Protect cables from sources of noise by separating data cables from power cables
in trenches and cable trays.
Avoid both “Tee” and “Star” connections. Refer to Figure 11 and Figure 12.
No more than two cables should be connected at any one point on the RS485
network, whether the connections are for devices, converters, terminal strips
and so on.
Include all segments when calculating the total cable length. If you are not using
an RS485 repeater, the maximum cable length for all devices is 3281 feet (1000
meters). Running more than 1000 feet (305 meters) of cable is not recommended
unless the wiring is installed and tested by communications specialists.
Connect shield to RS485 Master and individual devices as shown in Figure 10. You
must also connect the shield to earth-ground at one point.
Termination resistors may be needed at both ends for longer length transmission
lines. Termination resistors should be placed only at the extreme ends of the
data line, and no more than two terminations should be placed in any system
that does not use repeaters.

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Figure 9 Two-Wire Plus Common and Shield RS485 Connection

Figure 10 RS485 Daisy Chain Connection

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Figure 11 Incorrect Configuration (T-Connection)

Figure 12 Incorrect Configuration (Star Connection)

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Chapter 2 Technical References

Data Link Layer Implementation (Modbus Protocol)


The Satcon inverter implements a subset of the Modbus protocol as described below.

Transmission Modes
Only RTU (binary) mode is supported. ASCII mode is not supported.

Function Codes
Only two function codes are supported (shown in decimal):
04 Read Input Registers
16 Preset Multiple Registers
For PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® inverters units, if you specify function codes other than
04 and 16, the inverter will produce undefined results. Only use the two function codes
specified here.
For PowerGate® inverter units, if you specify function codes other than 04 and 16, the
inverter will produce an exception response with an error code of 1. Only use the two
function codes specified here.

Register Addresses
PowerGate® Inverter
The valid address range for registers is 30070 to 30175 for function 04, and 40209 to
40213 for function 16.
Not all registers in this range are implemented. If you “read” a register that has not been
implemented, the logic will return undefined data and if you “write” to this type of
register, the logic will return undefined results. Avoid both reads and writes to registers
that have not been implemented.

PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverters


For the PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® inverters, not all registers are implemented and
others are protected. If you “read” a register that has either not been implemented or is
protected, the logic returns a value of zero. If you “write” to these types of registers, the
logic ignores the instruction.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions


About this Chapter
This chapter describes the following registers for the SatCon PowerGate® inverter
Read-only registers
Read-write registers

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Read Only Registers


Read-only registers are just that: the data may be “read” but not changed in any way. The
PowerGate® inverter contains the following read-only registers:
Slave address
Fault 1
Fault 2
Fault 3
Fault 4 (DC faults)
Fault 5 (AC line faults)
Status Word 6
Status Word 7
PCS State
DC Input Power
DC Link Voltage
DC Input Voltage
DC Input Current
Output kvar
Output kw
Output kva
Line Voltage A, B, C
Line Current A, B, C
Neutral Current
Stop Code
Total kwh (low word)
Total kwh (high word)
Line Power Factor
Line Frequency
Output Power Limit
String Currents
String Amp Hours
The following descriptions explain these registers.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Slave Address
Register Number: 30070
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum 0
Maximum 255
Description: Modbus slave address.

Fault 1
Register Number: 30075
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped fault word 1.

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION BIT DEFINITION

0 Global fault 1 =Fault


1 Emergency stop 1 =Fault
2 DPCB power supply fault 1 =Fault
3 Inverter hardware overcurrent 1 =Fault
4 DSP fault 1 =Fault
5 Program fault (faults word 3 & 4) 1 =Fault
6 Door open 1 =Fault
7 Fan fault 1 =Fault
8 Inverter illegal gating 1 =Fault
9 Inverter gating fault 1 =Fault
10 DC fuse open 1 =Fault
11 AC fuse open 1 =Fault
12 AC contactor fault 1 =Fault
13 Inverter heatsink overtemperature 1 =Fault
14 Isolation transformer overtemperature 1 =Fault
15 AC filter reactor overtemperature 1 =Fault

Fault 2
Register Number: 30076
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped fault word 2 (not used)

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Fault 3
Register Number: 30077
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped fault word 3

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION BIT DEFINITION

0 F240 program checksum fault 1 =Fault


1 Critical data checksum fault 1 =Fault
2 Critical data comparison fault 1 =Fault
3 NV RAM fault 1 =Fault
4 Not used 1 =Fault
5 Line voltage too low to start 1 =Fault
6 No dc input voltage 1 =Fault
7 DC input voltage too low to start 1 =Fault
8 Line reverse phase sequence 1 =Fault
9 Precharge fault 1 =Fault
10 Test mode 1 =Fault
11 Line overcurrent 1 =Fault
12 Neutral overcurrent 1 =Fault
13 Not used N/a
14 Not used N/a
15 Not used N/a

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Fault 4 (DC Faults)


Register Number: 30078

Scaling: Not Applicable


Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped fault word 4

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION BIT DEFINITION

0 DC input overvoltage 1 =Fault


1 DC input under voltage 1 =Fault
2 DC input overcurrent 1 =Fault
3 DC input instantaneous overcurrent 1 =Fault
4 DC link undervoltage 1 =Fault
5 DC link overvoltage 1 =Fault
6 DC link instantaneous undervoltage 1 =Fault
7 DC link instantaneous overvoltage 1 =Fault
8 DC ground overcurrent 1 =Fault
9 Not used N/a
10 Inverter overcurrent 1 =Fault
11 Not used N/a
12 Not used N/a
13 Not used N/a
14 Not used N/a
15 Not used N/a

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Fault 5 (AC Line Faults)


Register Number: 30079
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped fault word 5. Whenever a fault reset (either
manual or automatic) occurs, the low 8 bits are copied
to the high 8 bits to record the previous line fault.

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION BIT DEFINITION

0 Neutral overcurrent 1 =Fault


1 Line overvoltage 1 =Fault
2 Line undervoltage 1 =Fault
3 Line instantaneous overvoltage 1 =Fault
4 Line instantaneous undervoltage 1 =Fault
5 Line overfrequency 1 =Fault
6 Line underfrequency 1 =Fault
7 Line overcurrent 1 =Fault
8 Previous neutral overcurrent 1 =Fault
9 Previous line overvoltage 1 =Fault
10 Previous line undervoltage 1 =Fault
11 Previous line instantaneous overvoltage 1 =Fault
12 Previous line instantaneous undervoltage 1 =Fault
13 Previous line overfrequency 1 =Fault
14 Previous line underfrequency 1 =Fault
15 Previous line overcurrent 1 =Fault

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Status Word 6
Register Number: 30080

Scaling: Not Applicable


Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped status word

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION BIT


DEFINITION

0 Not used N/a


1 Not used N/a
2 Ready to start 1 = Ready
3 Precharge OK 1 = Pre C OK
4 Not used N/a
5 Grid OK 1= OK
6 Inverter gating on 1 = On
7 Line voltage detected, waiting for reconnect delay 1 = OK
8 Dc input voltage OK 1 = OK
9 Not used Not used
10 Close precharge contactor command 1 = Closed
11 Not used Not used
12 Close DC contactor command 1 = Closed
13 Close AC contactor command 1 = Closed
14 Fan command 1 = On
15 Inverter Fan Heatsink temperature switch 1 = On

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Status Word 7
Register Number: 30081
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Bit-mapped status word.

BIT NO. DESCRIPTION

0 AC contactor status input (1=closed)


1 Air pressure switch input
2 AC breaker status input (1-closed)
3 DC disconnect status input (1-closed)
4 Not used
5 Not used
6 Not used
7 Not used
8 Not used
9 Not used
10 Not used
11 Not used
12 Not used
13 Not used
14 Not used
15 Not used

PCS State
Register Number: 30082
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum Not Applicable
Maximum Not Applicable
Description: Operating state:
0 Faulted
1 Stopped; no faults
2 Starting
3 Running

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

NOTE
For detailed scaling information for Registers 30083 to 30170, refer to Table 3.4.1 of
the Operation Manual for the respective inverter system..

DC Input Power
Register Number: 30083
Scaling: 4096 represents rated power
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured dc input power.

DC Link Voltage
Register Number: 30084
Scaling: 4096 represents 327 Vdc
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured dc link voltage.

DC Input Voltage
Register Number: 30085
Scaling: 4096 represents 327 Vdc
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured dc input voltage.

DC Input Current
Register Number: 30086
Scaling: 4096 represents rated dc input current
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured dc current.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Output kvar
Register Number: 30087
Scaling: 4096 represents rated kilo volt amperes
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured reactive power output.

Output kw
Register Number: 30088
Scaling: 4096 represents rated kilo watts
Minimum -32768
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured real power output.

Output kva
Register Number: 30089
Scaling: 4096 represents rated kilo volt amperes
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured apparent power output.

Line Voltage A, B, C
Register Number: 30090-30092
Scaling: 4096 represents rated line to neutral voltage
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured line to neutral voltages.

Line Current A, B, C
Register Number: 30093-30095
Scaling: 4096 represents rated line current
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured line currents.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Neutral Current
Register Number: 30096
Scaling: 4096 represents 50A
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured neutral current.

Stop Code
Register Number: 30097
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum 0
Maximum 7
Description: Cause of last stop, indicated as follows:
1 Power up reset
2 Fault stop
3 Run disabled
4 Line voltage fault
5 DC input voltage low
6 Zero input current
7 Zero output power

Total kwh (low word)


Register Number: 30099
Scaling: 1 represents 0.01 kwh
Minimum 0
Maximum 65535
Description: Low 16-bits of the 32-bit energy production total.

Total kwh (high word)


Register Number: 30100
Scaling: 1 represents 655.36 kwh
Minimum 0
Maximum 65535
Description: High 16-bits of the 32-bit energy production total.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Line Power factor


Register Number: 30101
Scaling: 4096 represents a power factor of 100%
Minimum -4096
Maximum 4096
Description: Line power factor (signed).

Line Frequency
Register Number: 30102
Scaling: 25170 represents rated line frequency
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured line frequency.

Output Power Limit


Register Number: 30103
Scaling: 4096 represents rated power
Minimum 0
Maximum 4096
Description: Output real power limit.

String Currents
Register Number: 30107-138
Scaling: 4096 represents 60 Adc
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Measured PV string currents. Valid only if optional string
current feedback is installed. Unused variables are set to
zero.

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

String Amp Hours


Register Number: 30139-170
Scaling: 1 represents 100 Ah
Minimum 0
Maximum 32767
Description: Total amp hours produced by each PV string. Valid only
if optional string current feedback is installed. Unused
variables are set to zero.

Read/Write Registers
The read-write registers are made up of the following:
Remote command
Reactive power command
Reactive current command
The following descriptions describe these registers.

NOTE
For detailed scaling information for Registers 40209 to 40211, refer to Table 3.4.2 in
the Operation Manual for the appropriate inverter model.

Remote Command
Register Number: 40209
Scaling: Not Applicable
Minimum 0
Maximum 255
Default 0
Description: Bit mapped remote command input from the Modbus
master. To perform a function, set the corresponding
bit. Only one bit should be set at a time. The bit is
cleared when the function request is acknowledged.
01h enable run (set Run Enable to 1)
02h disable run (set Run Enable to 0)
04h reset faults
08h shutdown
10h select local digital power commands
20h select remote digital power commands

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Chapter 3 PowerGate® Register Descriptions

Reactive Power Command


Register Number: 40210
Scaling: 4096 represents rated kva
Minimum -2457
Maximum 2457
Default 0
Description: Reactive power command (signed).

Reactive Current Command


Register Number: 40211
Scaling: 4096 represents rated current
Minimum -2457
Maximum 2457
Default 0
Description: Reactive current command (signed).

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register


Descriptions
About this Chapter
®
This chapter describes the register contents for the Satcon PowerGate® Plus and Solstice
inverters.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

About the PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Registers


®
The PowerGate® Plus and Solstice inverter registers hold parameter data that the
inverter needs in order to operate properly. These registers are divided into the following
three primary groups:
Read only parameters
Read-write parameters
Registers that contain read-only parameters do not require any special access privileges.
Registers that contain read-write parameters can be written to by all users (they do not
require special write permissions).

Special Note about PowerGate® Plus 1MW Inverter Registers


The PowerGate® Plus 1MW inverter consists of two 500kW inverter units in a
Master/Slave configuration. Information from Subunit A (Master) is obtained by querying
Modbus Address 31XXX. Information from Subunit B (Slave) is obtained by querying
Modbus Address 32XXX. The 30XXX register series is a ‘combined’ value of the two
subunits. Where applicable, the register will be a sum, average, or bitwise OR of the
identical two subunit registers.

Summary of PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Registers


The following is a summary of the user-accessible registers.

Read Only Parameters


Faults Group
Meters Group
String Current Group
String kwh Group
Energy Production Group
Line Feedback Group
Operating State Group
Temperature Feedback Group
Serial Number Group
Components Group
Ratings Group
DC Protection Group
AC Protection Group
Real Time Clock Group

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Read and Write Parameters


Read/Write Parameters

Read Only Parameters


The read-only parameters can be read by users with any access level (level 0 and above);
they do not require special write privileges. The following descriptions describe the read-
only parameters.

DPCB Software Identification


The Digital Power Control Board (DPCB) uses embedded software—firmware—to control
a number of different functions in the inverter. The software identification number
identifies the version of the DPCB firmware that is installed in a specific inverter unit.

Software Identification Number


Register Number: 30010
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Firmware
Units: None
Minimum/Maximum 0.00/655.35

Description: The numerical part of the Digital Power Control Board


(DPCB) software identification number. Its format is
xxx.yy which corresponds to a software number of SF-
PVxxx-0yy. Note that this is not a normal software
version number indicating major and minor revision, but
is more like a part number.

Example:
An example of how this number is displayed on the inverter HMI is as follows:

HMI SF-PV 005-010


DPCB SF-PV 6-20
Prog Checksum 000000
Param Checksum000000

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Faults Group
This group contains the fault and warning words, as well as the firmware checksums.
Note: For the PowerGate Plus 1MW Inverter, all 7 fault registers are a bitwise OR of the
two subunits in the 30XXX register range.

Fault Word 1
Register Number: 30011
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “General Faults 1”. Refer to
Table 3 for a detailed description of the fault bits. Note
that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2) are
displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 3 Fault Word 1 Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


1. dc in not ready DC input voltage not ready. The dc input voltage has not been above DC Input Voltage Threshold for
DC Input Voltage Delay. DC Input Voltage Timer shows the time remaining until the dc input voltage
is ready.
2. line not ready AC line voltage not ready. The ac line voltage has not been above the required level for Reconnect
Delay (default 5 minutes). AC Line Voltage Timer shows the time remaining until the ac line voltage is
ready.
3. stop command The unit has stopped because it has received a software stop command. Automatically cleared by a
start command.
4. shutdown cmd The unit has stopped because it has received a software shutdown command.
5. estop The unit has stopped because the hardware estop switch is open. Cleared by closing the estop
switch.
6. low power stop The unit has stopped because the power output has remained below Low Power Trip for more than
Low Power Delay. Automatically cleared when the unit stops.
7. lo current stop The unit has stopped because the power output has remained below Low Power Trip for more than
Low Power Delay. Automatically cleared when the unit stops.
8. Reserved
9. door open One of the doors is open. The unit will not run unless all doors are closed.
10. disconnect open The dc input disconnect DS1 is open.
11. breaker open The ac line circuit breaker is open.
12. DPCB fault Digital Power Control Board fault (faults 33-48)
13. hardware fault Hardware fault (faults 49-64)
14. inverter fault Inverter fault (faults 65-80)
15. temperature flt Temperature fault (faults 81-96)
16. Reserved

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 2
Register Number: 30012
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “General Faults 2”. Refer to
Table 4 for a detailed description of the fault bits. Note
that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2) are
displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 4 Fault Word 2 Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


17. dc in overvolt DC input overvoltagevoltage. DC input voltage above DC Input Overvoltage Trip for more than DC
Input Overvoltage Delay.
18. dc in undervolt DC input undervoltage. DC input voltage below DC Input Undervoltage Trip for more than DC Input
Undervoltage Delay.
19. dc overvolt DC link overvoltage. DC link voltage above DC Link Overvoltage Trip for more than DC Link
Overvoltage Delay.
20. dc undervolt DC link undervoltage. DC link voltage below DC Link Undervoltage Trip for more than DC Link
Undervoltage Delay.
21. dc ground fault DC ground overcurrent detected by:
measured ground current or
separate GFDI module or
ground fuse open
Only one of these 3 ground fault detection devices will be present in any particular unit.
22. ln overvlt slow Line overvoltage slow. Line voltage above Line Overvoltage Trip Slow for more than Line
Overvoltage Delay Slow. Automatically cleared when the line voltage drops below the trip level
23. ln overvlt fast Line overvoltage fast. Line voltage above Line Overvoltage Trip Fast for more than Line Overvoltage
Delay Fast. Automatically cleared when the line voltage drops below the trip level.
24. ln undrvlt slow Line undervoltage slow. Line voltage below Line Undervoltage Trip Slow for more than Line
Undervoltage Delay Slow. Automatically cleared when the line voltage rises above the trip level.
25. ln undrvlt fast Line undervoltage fast. Line voltage below Line Overvolt Trip Fast for more than Line Overvolt Delay
Fast. Automatically cleared when the line voltage rises above the trip level.
26. volt unbalance Line voltage unbalance. Line voltage unbalance above Voltage Unbalance Trip for more than Voltage
Unbalance Delay.
27. line over freq Line over frequency. Line frequency more than Line Overfrequency Trip above rated for more than
Line Overfrequency Delay. Automatically cleared when the frequency drops below the trip level.
28. under freq slow Line under frequency slow. Line frequency more than Line Underfrequency Trip below rated for more
than Line Underfrequency Delay. Automatically cleared when the frequency rises above the trip level
29. under freq fast Line under frequency fast. Line frequency more than 3.0 Hz below rated. Automatically cleared when
the frequency rises above the trip level.
30. neutral overcur Neutral overcurrent. Neutral current above Neutral Overcurrent Trip for more than Neutral
Overcurrent Delay.
31. Reserved
32. Reserved

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 3
Register Number: 30013
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “DPCB Faults”. Refer to
Table 5 for a detailed description of the fault bits. Note
that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2) are
displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 5 DPCB Fault Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


33. program chksum Program checksum error.
34. FPGA version FPGA version not compatible with firmware.
35. data copy 1 Checksum error for saved data copy 1. Saved data includes fault log and energy production data.
36. data copy 2 Checksum error for saved data copy 2.
37. param A copy 1 Checksum error for parameter set A copy 1
38. param A copy 2 Checksum error for parameter set A copy 2
39. param B copy 1 Checksum error for parameter set B copy 1
40. param B copy 2 Checksum error for parameter set B copy 2
41. v fdbk scaling Voltage feedback scaling error.
42. i fdbk scaling Current feedback scaling error.
43. i difference Difference between inverter input and output current feedback is greater than Current Difference Trip
for more than Current Difference Delay.
44. ratings change A ratings parameter has been changed.
45. stack fault DSP stack overflow.
46. adc fault Analog to digital converter fault.
47. NVRAM fault Non-volatile memory fault.
48. FPGA fault FPGA bus interface fault.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 4
Register Number: 30014
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “Hardware Faults”. Refer to
Table 6 for a detailed description of the fault bits. Note
that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2) are
displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 6 Hardware Fault Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


49. DPCB iso +5V DPCB isolated +5V power supply fault.
50. DPCB +5V DPCB +5V power supply fault.
51. DPCB +15V DPCB +15V power supply fault.
52. DPCB -15V DPCB -15V power supply fault.
53. FPGA watchdog FPGA watchdog timer fault.
54. surge suppressor AC or DC surge suppressor fault.
55. inverter fuse 1 Inverter fuse 1 open
56. inverter fuse 2 Inverter fuse 2 open
57. inv overtemp 1 Inverter hardware over-temperature 1
58. inv overtemp 2 Inverter hardware over-temperature 2
59. xmfr overtemp isolation transformer over-temperature
60. reactor overtemp AC filter reactor over-temperature
61. precharge fault Precharge circuit fault
62. test mode fault Test mode fault
63. open cct test Open circuit test mode fault
64. short cct test Short circuit test mode fault

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 5
Register Number: 30015
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “Inverter Faults”. Refer to
Table 7 for a detailed description of the fault bits. Note
that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2) are
displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 7 Inverter Fault Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


65. gate fdbk A Gate feedback fault phase A inverter 1
66. gate fdbk B Gate feedback fault phase B inverter 1
67. gate fdbk C Gate feedback fault phase C inverter 1
68. gate fdbk A2 Gate feedback fault phase A inverter 2
69. gate fdbk B2 Gate feedback fault phase A inverter 2
70. gate fdbk C2 Gate feedback fault phase A inverter 2
71. dc in overcurr DC input timed over-current
72. dc in oc inst DC input instantaneous over-current
73. dc uv inst DC link instantaneous under-voltage
74. dc ov inst DC link instantaneous over-voltage
75. inv sw overcur Inverter software over-current
76. inv hw oc 1 Hardware over-current inverter 1
77. inv hw oc 2 Hardware over-current inverter 2
78. line overcurr AC line over-current
79. i unbalance AC line current unbalance
80. Reserved

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 6
Register Number: 30016
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These faults are classified as “Temperature Faults”. Refer
to Table 8 for a detailed description of the fault bits.
Note that the fault No. and Message (columns 1 and 2)
are displayed on the inverter HMI display unit.

Table 8 Temperature Fault Descriptions

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


81. int air hi temp Internal air high temperature fault
82. inv air hi temp Inverter air high temperature fault
83. htsnk hi temp 1 Heatsink 1 high temperature fault
84. htsnk hi temp 2 Heatsink 2 high temperature fault
85. htsnk hi temp 3 Heatsink 3 high temperature fault
86. htsnk hi temp 4 Heatsink 4 high temperature fault
87. htsnk hi temp 5 Heatsink 5 high temperature fault
88. htsnk hi temp 6 Heatsink 6 high temperature fault
89. int air lo temp Internal air low temperature fault
90. inv air lo temp Inverter air low temperature fault
91. htsnk lo temp 1 Heatsink 1 low temperature fault
92. htsnk lo temp 2 Heatsink 2 low temperature fault
93. htsnk lo temp 3 Heatsink 3 low temperature fault
94. htsnk lo temp 4 Heatsink 4 low temperature fault
95. htsnk lo temp 5 Heatsink 5 low temperature fault
96. htsnk lo temp 6 Heatsink 6 low temperature fault

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Fault Word 7
Register Number: 30017
HMI Menu: Status & Faults/View Faults/Active Faults
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0x0000/0xFFFF
Description: These “faults” are classified as “Warnings;” they do not
cause the unit to stop. Refer to for a detailed description
of these warnings. Note that the fault No. and Message
(columns 1 and 2) are displayed on the inverter HMI
display unit.

Table 9 Warning Messages

NO. MESSAGE DESCRIPTION


97. fan fault 1 Variable speed fan fault inverter 1
98. fan fault 2 Variable speed fan fault inverter 2
99. dc input open DC input contactor open when it should be closed
100. dc input closed DC input contactor closed when it should be open
101. ac output open AC output contactor open when it should be closed
102. ac output closed AC output contactor closed when it should be open

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Number of Faults
Register Number: 30018
HMI Menu: Status & Faults
Units: Faults
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Total number of currently active faults.

Program Checksum
Register Number: 30019
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Firmware
Units: None
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Checksum of the program loaded in flash memory.
When the control board is powered up or reset, it
calculates the checksum of flash memory and compares
it with this parameter to detect any corruption of the
stored program. If an error is found, fault 33 “program
chksum” will occur. This value of this parameter changes
only when new firmware is loaded in the DPCB.

Parameter Checksum
Register Number: 30020
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Firmware
Units: None
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Checksum of the parameters stored in non-volatile
memory. When the control board is powered up or
reset, it calculates the checksum of the saved
parameters and compares it with this parameter to
detect any corruption of the saved parameters. If an
error is found, fault 35 “data copy 1” will occur. The
value of this parameter changes when the value of any
parameter is changed.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Meters Group
This group contains the average voltage, current, and power measurements in
engineering units, filtered for display.

DC Input Volts

Register Number: 30021


HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/DC Input
Units: Volts
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: Measured dc input voltage in volts.

DC Link Volts
Register Number: 30022
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/DC Input
Units: Volts
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: Measured dc link voltage in volts.

DC Link Amps
Register Number: 30023
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/DC Input
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: Measured dc link current in amps.

DC Ground Current
Register Number: 30024
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/DC Input
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8 /3276.7
Description: Measured dc ground current in amps. Some units will
measure ground impedance instead of ground current.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Line Amps A, B, C
Register Number: 30033—30035
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/AC Output/Average
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767 A
Description: Measured line currents for each phase in amps

Line Amps Average


Register Number: 30036
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/AC Output/Average
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: Average of all 3 line currents in amps

Neutral Current
Register Number: 30037
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/AC Output/Average
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8 / 3276.7
Description: Measured value of the neutral current.

Line Volts A, B, C
Register Number: 30038—30040
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/AC Output/Average
Units: Volts
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Measured line voltage for each phase in volts. It is the
line-to-neutral voltage for units with wye connected
voltage feedback and line-to-line voltage for units with
delta feedback.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Line Volts Average


Register Number: 30041
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/AC Output/Average
Units: Volts
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Average of all 3 line voltages in volts. It is line to neutral
voltage for units with wye connected voltage feedback
and line to line voltage for units with delta feedback.

Line Voltage Unbalance


Register Number: 30042
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0.0 /100.0
Description: Measured line voltage unbalance in percent. Unbalance
is calculated as the largest deviation from the average
divided by the average (NEMA definition).

Line Current Unbalance


Register Number: 30043
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0.0/100.0
Description: Measured line current unbalance in percent. Unbalance
is calculated as the largest deviation from the average
divided by the average (NEMA definition) for North
American units, and as negative sequence current for
European units.

Input kw
Register Number: 30044
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: kW
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8 /3276.7
Description: Measured dc input power in kW.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Output kw
Register Number: 30045
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Average
Units: kW
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8 /3276.7
Description: Measured real power output in kW.

Output kvar
Register Number: 30046
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Average
Units: kVAR
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8 /3276.7
Description: Measured reactive power output in kVAR.

Output kva
Register Number: 30047
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Average
Units: kVA
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0.0/3276.7
Description: Measured apparent power output in kVA.

Power Factor
Register Number: 30048
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Average
Units: none
Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum -1.000/1.000
Description: Line power factor. Set to zero when Output kW is zero.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Ground Impedance
Register Number: 30050
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/DC Input
Units: kOhms
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/9999
Description: Ground impedance in kOhms. Some units will measure
ground current instead of ground impedance. In this
case, ground impedance will be set to zero.

Zone Current Group


This group contains the measured PV zone currents. Zone current measurement is an
optional feature that will not be present on all units.

Zone Amps 1-32


Register Number: 30051-30082
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/PV Strings
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8/3276.7
Description: These 32 variables show the measured PV zone currents
in amps. The number of zone currents displayed is
determined by parameter 327 Number of zones. Unused
zone current variables are set to zero.

Zone Amps Average


Register Number: 30090
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Amps
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -3276.8/3276.7
Description: Average of all the zone current feedbacks in amps.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Zone kWh Group


This group contains the measured kwh totals for the PV zones, which will be valid only if
the optional zone current feedback is installed.

Zone kWh 1-32


Register Number: 30091-30122
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/PV Strings
Units: kWh
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: These 32 variables show the total energy produced by
each PV zone in kWh. The number of zone kWh’s
displayed is determined by parameter 327 Number of
Zones.

Zone kWh Average


Register Number: 30130
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: kWh
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768 /32767
Description: Average of all the zone kWh values.

Energy Production Group


This group contains the accumulated energy production data. The energy production data
for the last 32 days is saved in non-volatile memory. Data is recorded as long as the unit is
powered up, even if it is not running. If data is available, the totals are displayed for today,
yesterday, the previous 7 days, and the previous 30 days.

Total Wh (not used)


Register Number: 30131 (not used)

Total kWh
Register Number: 30132
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Total kWh
Units: kWh
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/999
Description: This variable shows the 3 least significant digits of the
energy production total, which is split into 2 words
because it won’t fit in 16 bits.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Total MWh
Register Number: 30133

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Total MWh

Units: MWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: This variable shows the 5 most significant digits of the


energy production total, which is split into 2 words
because it won’t fit in 16 bits.

kWh Today
Register Number: 30134

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Total kWh

Units: kWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: kWh produced so far this calendar day (since midnight,


not the last 24 hours).

kWh Yesterday
Register Number: 30135

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Total kWh

Units: kWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: Total kWh produced in the previous calendar day (not


the previous 24 hours).

Total kWh 7 days


Register Number: 30136

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Average kWh

Units: kWh

Type SINT16

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Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: Total kWh produced in the previous 7 calendar days, not


including day of report.

Total kWh 30 days


Register Number: 30137

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Average MWh

Units: MWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0.00/327.67

Description: Total MWh produced in the previous 30 calendar days,


not including day of report.

Average kWh 7 days


Register Number: 30138

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Average kWh

Units: kWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: Average kWh produced per day in the previous 7


calendar days.

Average kWh 30 days


Register Number: 30139

HMI Menu: Monitoring/Energy Production/Average kWh

Units: kWh

Type SINT16

Minimum/Maximum 0/32767

Description: Average kWh produced per day in the previous 30


calendar days.

Line Feedback Group


This group contains the average line frequency and line frequency error values.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Average Line Frequency


Register Number: 30176
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Hz
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0.00/70.00
Description: Measured line frequency in Hz.

Average Line Frequency Error


Register Number: 30177
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Hz
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -327.68/327.67
Description: Difference between the average measured line
frequency and the rated line frequency in Hertz.

Field Programmable Gate Array Group


FPGA Identification Number
Register Number: 30266
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: None
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 000.00/655.35
Description: Numerical part of the Field Programmable Gate Array
(FPGA) firmware identification number. Its format is
xxx.yy which corresponds to a firmware number of SF-
PCxxx-0yy.

Operating State Group


This group contains the parameters that indicate the current operating state of the
inverter, as well as the ready-to-run count down time states for the DC input voltage and
AC line voltage.

DC Input Voltage Timer


Register Number: 30276
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Operating Seq
Units: Minutes

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Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0.0/3276.7
Description: Time remaining until the dc input voltage is ready to run.

AC Line Voltage Timer


Register Number: 30277
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Operating Seq
Units: Seconds
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/32767
Description: Time in seconds remaining until the ac line voltage is
ready to run.

Operating State
Register Number: 30280
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Status/Operating Seq (numerical), Status &
Faults (text)
Units: None
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/12
Description: Operating state of the inverter:
0 power up
1 shutdown
2 stop
3 precharge closed
4 output closed
5 match dc voltage
6 input closed
7 run
8-12 Factory test states

Temperature Feedback Group


This group contains the air and heatsink temperature feedback, as well as the control
settings for the cooling fan(s).

Internal Air Temperature


Register Number: 30281
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Units: Degrees Celsius


Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Measured air temperature in C inside the general
enclosure.

Inverter Air Temperature


Register Number: 30282
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Measured air temperature in C inside the inverter
enclosure.

Heatsink Temperature 1 to 6
Register Number: 30283—30288
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Measured air temperature in C of the inverter
heatsinks. The number of temperatures displayed (1—6)
is determined by parameter 323 Number of Temperature
Feedbacks. Unused temperature feedbacks are set to
zero.

Heatsink Maximum Temperature 1


Register Number: 30289
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Highest of Heatsink Temperatures 1—3. It is used to
control the first or only cooling fan

Fan Speed Command 1


Register Number: 30290
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling

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Units: %
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/100
Description: Speed command in percent for the first or only fan. It is
the output of the heatsink temperature regulator. For
units with a fixed cooling fan it will be either 0% or
100%.

Heatsink Maximum Temperature 2


Register Number: 30291
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -32768/32767
Description: Highest of Heatsink Temperatures 4—6. It is used to
control the second cooling fan, if present.

Fan Speed Command 2


Register Number: 30292
HMI Menu: Monitoring/Metering/Temperatures/Cooling
Units: %
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/100
Description: Speed command in percent for the second cooling fan, if
present. It is the output of the second heatsink
temperature regulator. Set to zero if there is only one
cooling fan.

Number of Temperature Feedbacks


Register Number: 30324
HMI Menu: Ratings/Inverter
Units: Number of Temperature Feedbacks
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/8
Description: Total number of temperature sensors provided. This
usually consists of two air temperature sensors and one
heatsink temperature sensors. This parameter is used to
determine which temperature feedback inputs should
be monitored and which should be ignored.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Serial Number Group


This group contains the parameters for the unit serial number.

Serial number word 1-4


Register Number: 30302-30305
HMI Menu: Monitoring/System Info
Units: Not Applicable
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum Not Applicable
Description: These 4 words specify the unit serial number, which is
actually a text string, but has to be entered as 4 decimal
numbers because that is the only format that the PCS Op
program supports. The serial number is of the form:
xxyyyA-zzz
and is entered as follows:
serial_number_1 xx
serial_number_2 yyy
serial_number_3 letter (1=’A’, 2=’B’, etc.)
serial_number_4 zzz

Components Group
This group contains the inverter component parameters.

Number of Zones
Register Number: 30328
HMI Menu: Ratings/Inverter
Units: Number of Zones
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/32
Description: Number of PV zones for which current monitoring is
provided. It is used to determine which zone current
feedback inputs to monitor and which to ignore.

Ratings Group
The parameters in this group are used to calculate the scaling factors for the voltage and
current feedback.

Rated Output Power


Register Number: 30311
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: kW

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Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Rated AC output power in kilowatts.

Rated Line Frequency


Register Number: 30312
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Hz
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Rated line frequency in Hertz.

Rated Line Voltage


Register Number: 30313
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/65535
Description: Rated line-to-line output voltage in volts.

Inverter Voltage Tap Setting


Register Number: 30315
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type SINT16
Minimum/Maximum -100/100
Description: Tap setting on the inverter side of the output
transformer in percent of nominal.

DC Protection Group
The DC Protection Group contains the trip levels and time delay parameters for the DC
protection functions. The following descriptions explain the Modbus DC protection
registers.

DC Input Overvoltage Trip


Register Number: 30351
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Default 660 V
Description: Level that the DC input voltage feedback has to be above
the time specified by the DC Input Overvoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input over-voltage trip to occur.

DC Input Overvoltage Delay


Register Number: 30352
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: ms
Type UINT16
Default 100 ms
Description: Time that the DC input voltage feedback has to be above
the level specified by the DC Input Overvoltage Trip
parameter for a DC input over-voltage trip to occur.

DC Input Undervoltage Trip


Register Number: 30353
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16
Default 250 V
Description: Level that the DC input voltage feedback has to be below
the time specified by the DC Input Undervoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input under-voltage trip to occur.

DC Input Undervoltage Delay


Register Number: 30354
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: ms
Type UINT16
Default 100 ms
Description: Time that the DC input voltage feedback has to be below
the level specified by the DC Input Undervoltage Trip
parameter for a DC input under-voltage trip to occur.

DC Link Instantaneous Overvoltage Trip


Register Number: 30355
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16

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Default 750 V
Description: Level that the DC link voltage feedback has to be above
for a DC link over-voltage trip to occur.

DC Link Overvoltage Trip


Register Number: 30356
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16
Default 700 V
Description: Level that the DC input voltage feedback has to be above
the time specified by the DC Input Overvoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input over-voltage trip to occur.

DC Link Overvoltage Delay


Register Number: 30357
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: ms
Type UINT16
Default 100 ms
Description: Time that the DC input voltage feedback has to be above
the level specified by the DC Input Overvoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input over-voltage trip to occur.

DC Input Instantaneous Undervoltage Trip


Register Number: 30358
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: V
Type UINT16
Default 330 V
Description: Level that the DC link current feedback has to be above
for a DC Link instantaneous over-current trip to occur.

DC Link Undervoltage Trip


Register Number: 30359
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Volts
Type UINT16
Default 250 V

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Description: Level that the DC input voltage feedback has to be below


the time specified by the DC Link Undervoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input under-voltage trip to occur.

DC Link Undervoltage Delay


Register Number: 30360
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: ms
Type UINT16
Default 100 ms
Description: Time that the DC link voltage feedback has to be below
the level specified by the DC Link Undervoltage Delay
parameter for a DC input under -voltage trip to occur.

DC Input Instantaneous Overcurrent Trip


Register Number: 30361
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 180%
Description: Level that the DC input current feedback has to be above
for a DC instantaneous over-current trip to occur.

DC Input Overcurrent Trip


Register Number: 30362
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 140 %
Description: Level that the DC input current feedback has to be above
the time specified by the DC Input Overcurrent Delay
parameter for a DC input over-current trip to occur.

DC Input Overcurrent Delay


Register Number: 30363
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: ms
Type UINT16
Default 100 ms
Description: Time that the DC input current feedback has to be above

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

the level specified by the DC Input Overcurrent Trip


parameter for a DC input over-current trip to occur.

Ground Current Fault Trip


Register Number: 30364
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Amps
Type UINT16
Default 5.0 A to 8.0 A depending on ratings
Description: Level that the DC ground current feedback has to be
above the time specified by the Ground Fault Delay
parameter for a ground fault trip to occur.

Ground Current Fault Delay


Register Number: 30365
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 1.00 sec
Description: Time that the DC ground current feedback has to be
above the level specified by the Ground Fault Trip
parameter for a ground fault trip to occur. The same
delay is used for ground impedance fault.

AC Protection Group
The AC Protection Group contains the trip levels and time delay parameters for the AC
protection functions. The following descriptions explain the Modbus AC protection
registers.

WARNING
The default settings for the line voltage and frequency protection functions are
selected to conform to UL standards 1741 and 1547. The inverter unit is capable of
operating well outside these limits, but changing the settings could invalidate the UL
listing.

Line Overvoltage Trip Fast


Register Number: 30371
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Default 120 %
Description: Level that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Line Overvoltage Delay Fast
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by the Line Overvoltage Delay Fast parameter.

Line Overvoltage Delay Fast


Register Number: 30372
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.16 sec
Description: Time that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Line Overvoltage Trip Fast
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by this parameter.

Line Overvoltage Trip Slow


Register Number: 30373
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 110 %
Description: Level that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Line Overvoltage Delay Slow
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by the Line Overvoltage Delay Slow parameter.

Line Overvoltage Delay Slow


Register Number: 30374
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 1.00 sec
Description: Time that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Line Overvoltage Trip Slow
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage


feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by this parameter.

Line Undervoltage Trip Fast


Register Number: 30375
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 50 %
Description: Level that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Line Undervoltage Delay Fast
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by the Line Undervoltage Delay Fast parameter.

Line Undervoltage Delay Fast


Register Number: 30376
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.16 sec
Description: Time that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Line Undervoltage Trip Fast
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by this parameter.

Line Undervoltage Trip Slow


Register Number: 30377
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 88 %
Description: Level that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Line Undervoltage Delay Slow
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by the Line Undervoltage Delay Slow parameter.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Line Undervoltage Delay Slow


Register Number: 30378
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 1.00 sec
Description: Time that the line voltage feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Line Undervoltage Trip Slow
parameter for a line over-voltage trip fast to occur. This
fault will be automatically cleared if the line voltage
feedback falls below the trip level for the time specified
by this parameter.

Line Overcurrent Trip


Register Number: 30379
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 120 %
Description: Level that the line current feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Line Overcurrent Delay parameter
for a line over-current trip to occur.

Line Overcurrent Delay


Register Number: 30380
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.10 sec
Description: Time that the line current feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Line Overcurrent Trip parameter
for a line over-current trip to occur.

Neutral Overcurrent Trip


Register Number: 30381
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Amps
Type UINT16
Default 3.0 A
Description: Level that the line current feedback has to be above the
time specified by the Neutral Overcurrent Delay

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

parameter for a line over-current trip to occur.

Line Overcurrent Delay


Register Number: 30382
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 1.00 sec
Description: Time that the line current feedback has to be above the
level specified by the Neutral Overcurrent Trip
parameter for a line over-current trip to occur.

Line Overfrequency Trip


Register Number: 30383
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Hz
Type UINT16
Default 0.50 Hz
Description: Amount that the line frequency has to be above the
rated value, for the time specified by the Line
Overfrequency Delay parameter for a line over-
frequency trip to occur.

Line Overfrequency Delay


Register Number: 30384
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.16 sec
Description: Time that the line frequency feedback has to be above
the level specified by the Line Overfrequency Trip
parameter for a line over-frequency trip to occur.

Line Underfrequency Trip


Register Number: 30385
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Hz
Type UINT16
Default 0.70 Hz
Description: Amount that the line frequency has to be below the

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

rated value, for the time specified by the Line


Underfrequency Delay parameter for a line over-
frequency trip to occur.
There is also an instantaneous under-frequency trip set
at 3 Hz below the rated frequency.

Line Underfrequency Delay


Register Number: 30386
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.16 sec
Description: Time that the line frequency has to be below the rated
frequency for an over-frequency trip to occur.

Voltage Unbalance Trip


Register Number: 30387
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16
Default 10.0 %
Description: Level that the line voltage unbalance has to be above,
for the time specified by the Voltage Unbalance Delay
parameter for a voltage unbalance trip to occur.

Voltage Unbalance Delay


Register Number: 30388
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 0.16 sec
Description: Time that the line voltage unbalance has to be above the
Voltage Unbalance Trip parameter for a voltage
unbalance trip to occur.

Current Unbalance Trip


Register Number: 30389
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: %
Type UINT16

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Default 10.0 %
Description: Level that the line current unbalance has to be above,
for the time specified by the Current Unbalance Delay
parameter for a voltage unbalance trip to occur.

Current Unbalance Delay


Register Number: 30390
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Default 10.00 sec

Description: Time that the line voltage unbalance has to be above the
Current Unbalance Trip parameter for a voltage
unbalance trip to occur.

Real Time Clock Group


This group contains the parameters for the Real Time Clock on the DPCB. (The Real Time
Clock parameters apply only to the PowerGate® Plus inverters).

Real Time Clock Second


Register Number: 30485
HMI Menu: Operation/Settings/Date and Time
Units: Seconds
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 00.00/59.99
Default Not applicable
Description: Seconds in units of 0.01 second. The full resolution is
used internally (e.g. for time stamping of faults), but this
parameter only shows full seconds.

Real Time Clock Hour


Register Number: 30486
HMI Menu: Operation/Settings/Date and Time
Units: Hour.Minute
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 00.00/23.59
Default Not applicable
Description: Hour and minute in the format hh.mm.

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Chapter 4 PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Register Descriptions

Real Time Clock Month.day


Register Number: 30487
HMI Menu: Operation/Settings/Date and Time
Units: Month.Day
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 01.01 (Jan 1)/12.31 (Dec 31)
Default Not applicable
Description: Month and day in the format mm.dd.

Real Time Clock Year


Register Number: 30488
HMI Menu: Operation/Settings/Date and Time
Units: Years
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 2000/2009
Default Not applicable
Description: Year. Only the last two digits are saved. The first two
digits are always 20.

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Read and Write Parameters


These parameters can be written to by all users; they do not require special write
permissions.

Remote Command
Register Number: 40437
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: None
Type HEX
Minimum/Maximum 0/255
Default 0
Description: Bit mapped remote command input from the Modbus
master. To perform a function, set the corresponding
bit. Only one bit should be set at a time. The bit is
cleared when the function request is acknowledged.
01h enable run (set Run Enable to 1)
02h disable run (set Run Enable to 0)
04h reset faults
08h shutdown
10h select local digital power commands
20h select remote digital power commands
40h select analog power commands

Modbus Access Code


Register Number: 40476
HMI Menu: Not Applicable
Units: None
Type UINT16
Minimum/Maximum 0/9999
Default 0
Description: The value of this parameter determines the Modbus
access level. If it matches the value of one of 3 hidden
parameters, access is allowed to parameters of that level
and lower. Level 0 parameters are always accessible.

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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions


About this Chapter
This chapter describes the register contents for both the Satcon Smart SubCombiner and
the Solstice® Subcombiner.
Note that these two subcombiners share a Modbus register table.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Historical Data Collection


The SubCombiner data set contains sensor information that is grouped into three distinct
categories; Historical, Statistical, and Present. This new extension of data logging will
enable the user to gain greater insight into the performance of the system.
There are 5-6 data points of interest available for each sensor in the SubCombiner system.
The data points are instantaneous (Present), the average and max/min peaks during a pre-
defined polling period (Statistical), and highest/lowest ever recorded data points
(Historical). An example of a sensor output with the Present and Statistical data point
highlighted is provided below (see Figure 13).

Figure 13 Sensor Output in SubCombiner System

Present:
This is the present state of the sensor being queried.

Statistical:
The polling interval can be set within a range of {1.0-20.0 min} with a default setting of 5.0
min. It defines the window of the Statistical data for all sensors in the device. When the
Average, Min, and Max values are queried by the user, the values returned are for the last
completed period. The time elapsed since the last polling interval is also available.

Historical:
The historical data points consist of the highest and lowest data points ever recorded in
the combiner system. Highest data points pertain to current and temperature and the
lowest data points pertain only to temperature.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Shared Modbus Table


The Satcon Smart SubCombiner and Solstice® Subcombiner share a Modbus register table.
Some measurements are available in only one of the products.

Modbus ID Number
These devices have a writable Modbus ID number.

Modbus Register Descriptions


Subcombiner Assembly Information Group
These parameters define the information specific to the subcombiner assembly.

Firmware Version Number


Register Number: 30010
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Minimum/Maximum: 000.00/655.35
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Subcombiner firmware version number. The major
version number is the first 3 digits; minor revision
number is the last two.

Serial Number Words 0 to 1


Register Number: 30011-30012
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Minimum/Maximum: 00000/65535
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Subcombiner serial number 30011 is the LSB; 30012 is
MSB.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Subcombiner Communications Group


These parameters define the communication specific to the subcombiner assembly.

Modbus Address
Register Number: 30020
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Minimum/Maximum: 0/255
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: This register defines the Modbus Device ID for the
subcombiner.

Modbus Baud Rate


Register Number: 30021
Type: UINT16
Units: kBps
Minimum/Maximum: 0.0/999.9
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: This register defines the Modbus RS485 baud rate for
the subcombiner.

Polling Interval
Register Number: 30025
Type: UINT16
Units: Sec
Minimum/Maximum: 60/1200
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: This register describes and sets the Modbus polling
interval for Historically sampled data. Internally it will
default to 300 seconds if the value in the register is less
than 60 or greater than 1200.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Time Since Last Polling Interval


Register Number: 30026
Type: UINT16
Units: Sec
Minimum/Maximum: 0/1200
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: This register defines the number of seconds since the
last polling interval.

Subcombiner Status Group


These parameters define the status specific to the subcombiner assembly.

Combiner Fault Word 1


Register Number: 30040
Type: HEX
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0x0000/0xFFFF
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: The first 3 bits of this register are defined as follows:
Bit 1 (LSB) – 1 if internal box temp is out of bounds.
Bit 2 – 1 if Aux 1 internal box temp is out of
bounds.
Bit 3 – 1 if Aux 2 internal box temp is out of
bounds.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Combiner Fault Word 2


Register Number: 30041
Type: HEX
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0x0000/0xFFFF
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: The first 12 bits of this register are defined as follows:
Bit X (LSB) – 1 if this string is above the minimum
current defined in register 30099 and
beyond the tolerance defined in register
30098
Where X is the string number.

SSB Combiner Status Word 1


Register Number: 30042
Type: UINT16
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0/65535
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Value in register is equal to the total number of string
DC/DC converter communications errors since startup.

SSB Combiner Status Word 2


Register Number: 30043
Type: HEX
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0x0000/0xFFFF
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Bits set to 1 if String DC/DC converter is communicating.
LSB is ID #1.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Combiner Status Word 1


Register Number: 30045
Type: HEX
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0x0000/0xFFFF
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: 0 if operating normally. 1 if calibration is in process.

Internal Temperature
Register Number: 30052, 30070, 30071
Type: SINT16
Units: Degrees Celsius
Minimum/Maximum: -327.68/327.67
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Internal Temperature of SubCombiner Box.
30052: Present Sampled Temp.
30070: All Time Highest sampled Temp.
30071: All Time Lowest sampled Temp.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

External Temperature #1
Register Number: -30055, 3002, 3003
Type: SINT16
Units: Degrees Celsius
Minimum/Maximum: -327.68/327.67
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes (This is Internal Box Sensor)
Subcombiner:
Description: User External Temperature Sensor #1
30055: Present Sampled Temp.
30072: All Time Highest sampled Temp. (Only present in
Smart Subcombiner)
30073: All Time Lowest sampled Temp. . (Only present in
Smart Subcombiner)

External Temperature #2
Register Number: 30058, 30074, 30075
Type: SINT16
Units: Degrees Celsius
Minimum/Maximum: -327.68/327.67
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: User External Temperature Sensor #2
30058: Present Sampled Temp.
30074: All Time Highest sampled Temp. (Only present in
Smart Subcombiner)
30075: All Time Lowest sampled Temp. (Only present in
Smart Subcombiner)

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Current Deviation Fault Tolerance


Register Number: 30098
Type: SINT16
Units: %
Minimum/Maximum: 0-100
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Defines the percentage that single string must be out of
tolerance from the average to declare a fault.

Current Deviation Fault Minimum


Register Number: 30099
Type: SINT16
Units: Amps
Minimum/Maximum: 0.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Defines the minimum current for a string to have
present in order to declare a fault.

Subcombiner String Groups


These parameters define the status specific to the strings of the subcombiner assembly.
These registers show a ‘XX’ placeholder. ‘XX’ represents the String of interest, starting at
‘01’ and proceeding to the number of strings in the Box.

Input Current
Register Number: 3XX01-3XX03
Type: SINT16
Units: Amps
Minimum/Maximum: -100.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Input Current for string ‘XX’.
3XX03: Avg sampled Current from last polling period.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Input Voltage
Register Number: 3XX04-3XX06
Type: SINT16
Units: Volts
Minimum/Maximum: -1000.0/1000.0
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Input Voltage for string ‘XX’.
3XX06: Avg sampled Voltage from last polling period.

Output Current
Register Number: 3XX07-3XX09
Type: SINT16
Units: Amps
Minimum/Maximum: -100.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Output Current for string ‘XX’.
3XX07: Max. sampled Current from last polling period.
(Only present in Smart Subcombiner)
3XX08: Min. sampled Current from last polling period.
(Only present in Smart Subcombiner)
3XX09: Avg sampled Current from last polling period.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Output Voltage
Register Number: 3XX10-3XX12
Type: SINT16
Units: Volts
Minimum/Maximum: -1000.0/1000.0
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: Output Voltage for string ‘XX’.
3XX12: Avg. sampled Voltage from last polling period

External String Temperature #1


Register Number: 3XX83
Type: SINT16
Units: Degrees Celsius
Minimum/Maximum: -3276.8/3276.7
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: User External String Temperature Sensor #1
3XX83: Present Sampled Temp.

String Status Word 1


Register Number: 3XX90
Type: HEX
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0x0000/0xFFFF
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: TBD

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

String Serial Number


Register Number: 3XX91-3XX93
Type: UINT16
Units: none

Minimum/Maximum: 0/65535
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description The Serial number for the String DC/DC converter.

String Software Version


Register Number: 3XX94
Type: UINT16
Units: none
Minimum/Maximum: 0/65535
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description The Software Version for the String DC/DC converter.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Highest Recorded String Current


Register Number: 32561-32572
Type: SINT16
Units: Current
Minimum/Maximum: -100.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the highest recorded string
current. These registers can be reset by writing a 1 to
register 40047.

Present String Input Current


Register Number: 36001-36012
Type: SINT16
Units: Current
Minimum/Maximum: -100.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string input current.
These registers are redundant to earlier non-contiguous
registers, and reprinted for convenience.

Present String Input Voltage


Register Number: 36031-36042
Type: SINT16
Units: Voltage
Minimum/Maximum: -1000.0/1000.0
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string input voltage.
These registers are redundant to earlier non-contiguous
registers, and reprinted for convenience.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Present String Output Current


Register Number: 36061-36072
Type: SINT16
Units: Current
Minimum/Maximum: -100.00/100.00
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string output
current. These registers are redundant to earlier non-
contiguous registers, and reprinted for convenience.

Present String Output Voltage


Register Number: 36101-36112
Type: SINT16
Units: Voltage
Minimum/Maximum: -1000.0/1000.0
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string input voltage.
These registers are redundant to earlier non-contiguous
registers, and reprinted for convenience.

Present String Input Power


Register Number: 36131-36142
Type: SINT16
Units: Watts
Minimum/Maximum: -32768/32767
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string input power.
These registers are redundant to earlier non-contiguous
registers, and reprinted for convenience.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Present String Output Power


Register Number: 36161-36172
Type: SINT16
Units: Watts
Minimum/Maximum: -32768/32767
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present string output power.
These registers are redundant to earlier non-contiguous
registers, and reprinted for convenience.

Present String Status


Register Number: 36231-36242
Type: SINT16
Units: Watts
Minimum/Maximum: -32768/32767
Smart Subcombiner: No
Solstice Yes
Subcombiner:
Description: These registers contain the present status of the DC/DC
converter. These registers are redundant to earlier non-
contiguous registers, and reprinted for convenience.

Reset Faults
Register Number: 40031
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Writing a 1 to this register will set fault 1 and fault 2 to
zero.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Calibrate DC Current Sensors


Register Number: 40045
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Writing a 1 to this register will initiate a calibration
route. All strings in the combiner box should have zero
current. The calibration takes 1 minute to complete. A
reset is required after calibration is done.

Soft Reset
Register Number: 40046
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Writing a 1 to this register will initiate a reset of the
subcombiner controller.

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Chapter 5 Subcombiner Register Descriptions

Reset Highest / Lowest Data


Register Number: 40047
Type: UINT16
Units: None
Smart Subcombiner: Yes
Solstice No
Subcombiner:
Description: Writing a 1 to this register will reset all highest/lowest
stored data.

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Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions

Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions


About This Chapter
This chapter describes the following registers for the weather station:
Ambient Temperature
Cell Temperature
Wind Speed
Wind Direction
Irradiance Temperature
Alternate Temperature

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Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions

Modbus Address Number


The weather station is assigned the Modbus address 100.

Register Descriptions
Ambient Temperature
Register Number: 30001
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: -32768 / 32767
Description: The ambient temperature value in degrees C is returned
as a signed integer.

Cell Temperature
Register Number: 30002
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: -32768 / 32767
Description: The temperature value obtained in degrees C from the
cell sensor is returned as a signed integer.

Wind Speed
Register Number: 30003
Units: k/hr
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: 0 / 1000.0
Description: The wind speed in k/hr is returned as a signed integer.

Wind Direction
Register Number: 30004
Units: Degrees
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: -179.9 / 180.0
Description: The wind direction is returned in units of degrees as an
integer.

Irradiance
Register Number: 30005

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Chapter 6 Weather Station Register Descriptions

Units: W/m^2
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: 0 / 10000
Description: The irradiance in W/m^2 is returned as an integer.

Alternate Cell Temperature


Register Number: 30006
Units: Degrees Celsius
Type: SINT16
Minimum/Maximum: -32768 / 32767
Description: The temperature value obtained from the alternate cell
sensor (when equipped) in degrees C from the cell
sensor is returned as a signed integer.

Weather Station Serial Number


Register Number: 30011-30014
Units: none
Type: UINT16
Minimum/Maximum: 0 / 65535
Description: These registers identify the serial number of the
weather station.

Weather Station Firmware Version


Register Number: 30015
Units: none
Type: UINT16
Minimum/Maximum: 000.00/655.35
Description: The numerical part of the weather station software
identification number. Its format is xxx.yy which
corresponds to the major and minor revision of the
software number.

Weather Station Equipment Version


Register Number: 30016
Units: none
Type: UINT16
Minimum/Maximum: 0/65535
Description: The equipment version number

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register


Descriptions
About This Chapter
This chapter describes the register contents for the Satcon Revenue Grade Meter (power
meter).
The Revenue Grade Meter is based upon a Shark 100 Transducer made by Electro
Industries.

Additional Information
For more detailed information, refer to the Satcon Operation and Maintenance Manual
PM00459.

Default Modbus Address


This meter has a default Modbus Address of 50

Floating Point Number Representation


This device uses 32 bit Floating point number representation, pursuant to IEEE 754-2008.

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Register Descriptions
Meter Name
Register Number: 30001-30008
Units: ASCII
Type: ASCII
Minimum/Maximum: N/A
Description: Meter name

Meter Serial Number


Register Number: 30009-30016
Units: ASCII
Type: ASCII
Minimum/Maximum: N/A
Description: Meter Serial number

Meter Firmware Number


Register Number: 30018-30019

Units: ASCII
Type: ASCII
Minimum/Maximum: N/A
Description: Meter Firmware Version

Volts Phase A-N


Register Number: 31000-31001

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Voltage Phase A to neutral. The accuracy of this
measurement is 0.1%

Volts Phase B-N


Register Number: 31002-31003

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Voltage Phase B to neutral. The accuracy of this
measurement is 0.1%

Volts Phase C-N


Register Number: 31004-31005

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Voltage Phase C to neutral. The accuracy of this
measurement is 0.1%

Volts Phase A-B


Register Number: 31006-31007

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Voltage Phase A to Phase B. The accuracy of this
measurement is 0.1%

Volts Phase B-C


Register Number: 31008-31009

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Voltage Phase B to Phase C. The accuracy of this
measurement is 0.1%

Volts Phase C-A


Register Number: 31010-31011

Units: Volts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Description: Voltage Phase C to Phase A. The accuracy of this


measurement is 0.1%

Phase A Amps
Register Number: 31012-31013

Units: Amps
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Amps Phase A. The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%

Phase B Amps
Register Number: 31014-31015

Units: Amps
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Amps Phase B. The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%

Phase C Amps
Register Number: 31016-31017

Units: Amps
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Amps Phase C. The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%

Watt Total
Register Number: 31018-31019

Units: Watts
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Delivered Watts. The accuracy of this measurement is
0.2%

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

VAR Total
Register Number: 31020-31021

Units: Volt-Amps Reactive


Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: -9999M/9999M
Description: Delivered VARs. The accuracy of this measurement is
0.2%

VA Total
Register Number: 31022-31023

Units: Volt-Amps
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: -9999M/9999M
Description: Delivered VAs. The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%

Power Factor
Register Number: 31024-31025

Units: None
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: -1.00/1.00
Description: Power Factor. The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%

Frequency
Register Number: 31026-31027

Units: Hz
Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 45/65
Description: Line Frequency. The accuracy of this measurement is
0.01 Hz.

Neutral Currents
Register Number: 31028-31029

Units: Amps

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Type: Float32
Minimum/Maximum: 0/9999M
Description: Calculated Neutral Current. The accuracy of this
measurement is 2.0%.

Whrs Received
Register Number: 31100-31101

Units: Wh
Type: SINT32
Minimum/Maximum: -99999999/99999999
Description: Watt Hours Received. The accuracy of this measurement
is 0.2%. This is equal in magnitude but opposite in sign of
Whrs Delivered.

Whrs Delivered
Register Number: 31102-31103

Units: Wh
Type: SINT32
Minimum/Maximum: -99999999/99999999
Description: Watt Hours Delivered. This value is positive for PV
Installations The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%.
This is equal in magnitude but opposite in sign of Whrs
Received.

Whrs Net
Register Number: 31104-31105

Units: Wh
Type: SINT32
Minimum/Maximum: -99999999/99999999
Description: Watt Hours Net. This value is positive for PV Installations
The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%.

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Chapter 7 Revenue Grade Meter Register Descriptions

Whrs Total
Register Number: 31106-31107

Units: Wh
Type: SINT32
Minimum/Maximum: -99999999/99999999
Description: Watt Hours Total. This value is positive for PV
Installations The accuracy of this measurement is 0.2%.

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus


Register Summaries
About this Chapter
This chapter contains tabular listings and summary descriptions of the Modbus registers
for the relevant Satcon inverter products (PowerGate® Plus and Solstice®), as well as the
associated accessories (subcombiners, weather station, and power meter).
The tables appear in the following order:
1. PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverters
2. Subcombiners
3. Weather station
4. Power meter

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

PowerGate® Plus and Solstice® Inverter Parameters


Modbus Registers for Fault Parameters
Refer to Table 10.
Table 10 Registers for Fault Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30010 Software number inv_sw_version UINT16 0 0 655.35 None
30011 Fault word 0 inv_status1 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30012 Fault word 1 inv_status2 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30013 Fault word 2 inv_status3 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30014 Fault word 3 inv_status4 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30015 Fault word 4 inv_status5 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30016 Fault word 5 inv_status6 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30017 Fault word 6 inv_status7 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF None
30018 Number of active faults inv_number_faults UINT16 0 0 65535 None
30019 Program checksum inv_prgm_chksum UINT16 0 0 65535 None
30020 Parameter checksum inv_param_chksum UINT16 0 0 65535 None

Modbus Registers for Metering Parameters


Refer to Table 11.
Table 11 Registers for Metering Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30021 DC input voltage in volts inv_dc_input_volts SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30022 DC link voltage in volts inv_dc_link_volts SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30023 DC link current in amps inv_dc_link_amps SINT16 0 -32768 32767 A
30024 DC ground current in amps inv_dc_i_gnd SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30033 Line current phase a in amps inv_line_amps_a SINT16 0 -32768 32767 A
30034 Line current phase b in amps inv_line_amps_b SINT16 0 -32768 32767 A
30035 Line current phase c in amps inv_line_amps_c SINT16 0 -32768 32767 A
30036 Average line current in amps inv_line_amps_avg SINT16 0 -32768 32767 A
30037 Line neutral current in amps inv_neutral_current SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30038 Line voltage phase a in volts inv_line_volts_a SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30039 Line voltage phase b in volts inv_line_volts_b SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30040 Line voltage phase c in volts inv_line_volts_c SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30041 Average line voltage in volts inv_line_volts_avg SINT16 0 -32768 32767 V
30042 Line voltage unbalance inv_line_v_unbal SINT16 1 0.0 100.0 %
30043 Line current unbalance inv_line_i_unbal SINT16 1 0.0 100.0 %
30044 Input power inv_input_kw SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 kW
30045 Output real power inv_output_kw SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 kW
30046 Output reactive power inv_output_kvar SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 kVAR
30047 Output apparent power inv_output_kva SINT16 1 0.0 3276.7 kVA
30048 Output power factor inv_output_pf SINT16 3 -1.000 1.000 none
30050 Ground impedance inv_gnd_impedance SINT16 0 0 9999 kOhm

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Modbus Registers for Zone Current Parameters


Refer to Table 12.
Table 12 Registers for Zone Current Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30051 Zone 1 current in amps inv_zone_amps_1 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30052 Zone 2 current in amps inv_zone_amps_2 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30053 Zone 3 current in amps inv_zone_amps_3 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30054 Zone 4 current in amps inv_zone_amps_4 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30055 Zone 5 current in amps inv_zone_amps_5 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30056 Zone 6 current in amps inv_zone_amps_6 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30057 Zone 7 current in amps inv_zone_amps_7 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30058 Zone 8 current in amps inv_zone_amps_8 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30059 Zone 9 current in amps inv_zone_amps_9 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30060 Zone 10 current in amps inv_zone_amps_10 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30061 Zone 11 current in amps inv_zone_amps_11 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30062 Zone 12 current in amps inv_zone_amps_12 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30063 Zone 13 current in amps inv_zone_amps_13 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30064 Zone 14 current in amps inv_zone_amps_14 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30065 Zone 15 current in amps inv_zone_amps_15 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30066 Zone 16 current in amps inv_zone_amps_16 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30067 Zone 17 current in amps inv_zone_amps_17 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30068 Zone 18 current in amps inv_zone_amps_18 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30069 Zone 19 current in amps inv_zone_amps_19 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30070 Zone 20 current in amps inv_zone_amps_20 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30071 Zone 21 current in amps inv_zone_amps_21 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30072 Zone 22 current in amps inv_zone_amps_22 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30073 Zone 23 current in amps inv_zone_amps_23 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30074 Zone 24 current in amps inv_zone_amps_24 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30075 Zone 25 current in amps inv_zone_amps_25 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30076 Zone 26 current in amps inv_zone_amps_26 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30077 Zone 27 current in amps inv_zone_amps_27 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30078 Zone 28 current in amps inv_zone_amps_28 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30079 Zone 29 current in amps inv_zone_amps_29 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30080 Zone 30 current in amps inv_zone_amps_30 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30081 Zone 31 current in amps inv_zone_amps_31 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30082 Zone 32 current in amps inv_zone_amps_32 SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A
30090 Average Zone current in amps inv_zone_amps_avg SINT16 1 -3276.8 3276.7 A

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Modbus Registers for Zone kW Hour Parameters


Refer to Table 13.
Table 13 Registers for Zone kW Hour Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30091 Kilowatt hours for Zone 1 inv_zone_kwh_1 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30092 Kilowatt hours for Zone 2 inv_zone_kwh_2 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30093 Kilowatt hours for Zone 3 inv_zone_kwh_3 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30094 Kilowatt hours for Zone 4 inv_zone_kwh_4 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30095 Kilowatt hours for Zone 5 inv_zone_kwh_5 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30096 Kilowatt hours for Zone 6 inv_zone_kwh_6 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30097 Kilowatt hours for Zone 7 inv_zone_kwh_7 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30098 Kilowatt hours for Zone 8 inv_zone_kwh_8 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30099 Kilowatt hours for Zone 9 inv_zone_kwh_9 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30100 Kilowatt hours for Zone 10 inv_zone_kwh_10 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30101 Kilowatt hours for Zone 11 inv_zone_kwh_11 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30102 Kilowatt hours for Zone 12 inv_zone_kwh_12 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30103 Kilowatt hours for Zone 13 inv_zone_kwh_13 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30104 Kilowatt hours for Zone 14 inv_zone_kwh_14 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30105 Kilowatt hours for Zone 15 inv_zone_kwh_15 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30106 Kilowatt hours for Zone 16 inv_zone_kwh_16 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30107 Kilowatt hours for Zone 17 inv_zone_kwh_17 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30108 Kilowatt hours for Zone 18 inv_zone_kwh_18 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30109 Kilowatt hours for Zone 19 inv_zone_kwh_19 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30110 Kilowatt hours for Zone 20 inv_zone_kwh_20 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30111 Kilowatt hours for Zone 21 inv_zone_kwh_21 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30112 Kilowatt hours for Zone 22 inv_zone_kwh_22 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30113 Kilowatt hours for Zone 23 inv_zone_kwh_23 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30114 Kilowatt hours for Zone 24 inv_zone_kwh_24 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30115 Kilowatt hours for Zone 25 inv_zone_kwh_25 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30116 Kilowatt hours for Zone 26 inv_zone_kwh_26 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30117 Kilowatt hours for Zone 27 inv_zone_kwh_27 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30118 Kilowatt hours for Zone 28 inv_zone_kwh_28 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30119 Kilowatt hours for Zone 29 inv_zone_kwh_29 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30120 Kilowatt hours for Zone 30 inv_zone_kwh_30 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30121 Kilowatt hours for Zone 31 inv_zone_kwh_31 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
30122 Kilowatt hours for Zone 32 inv_zone_kwh_32 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
Average kilowatt hours for all
30130 inv_zone_kwh_avg SINT16 0 -32768 32767 kWh
strings

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Modbus Registers for Energy Production Parameters


Refer to Table 14.
Table 14 Registers for Energy Production Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30131 Total Watt hours inv_wh_total SINT16 0 0 999 Wh
30132 Total kilowatt hours inv_kwh_total SINT16 0 0 999 kWh
30133 Total megawatt hours inv_mwh_total SINT16 0 0 32767 MWh
30134 kwh Today inv_kwh_today SINT16 0 0 32767 kWh
31135 kwh Yesterday inv_kwh_yesterday SINT16 0 0 32767 kWh
30136 Total kwh 7 days inv_kwh_7days SINT16 0 0 32767 kWh
30137 Total kwh 30 days inv_kwh_30days SINT16 2 0.00 327.67 MWh
30138 Average kwh 7 days inv_kwh_avg_7days SINT16 0 0 32767 kWh
30139 Average kwh 30 days inv_kwh_avg_30days SINT16 0 0 32767 kWh

Modbus Registers for Line Feedback Parameters


Refer to Table 15.
Table 15 Registers for Line Feedback Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30176 Average line frequency inv_line_freq_avg SINT16 2 0.00 70.00 Hz
30177 Average line frequency error inv_line_freq_err_avg SINT16 2 -327.68 327.67 Hz

Modbus Registers for FPGA Parameters


Refer to Table 16.
Table 16 Registers for FPGA Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30266 FPGA version inv_fpga_version UINT16 2 0.00 655.35 None

Modbus Registers for Operating State Parameters


Refer to Table 17.
Table 17 Registers for Operating State Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30276 Vdc in timer inv_v_dc_timer SINT16 1 0.0 3276.7 Min
30277 AC Line voltage timer inv_v_line_timer SINT16 0 0 32767 sec
30280 Operating state inv_operating_state SINT16 0 0 65537 None

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Modbus Registers for Temperature Feedback Parameters


Refer to Table 18.
Table 18 Registers for Temperature Feedback Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30281 Internal air temperature inv_internal_air_temp SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30282 Inverter air temperature inv_inverter_air_temp SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30283 Heatsink temperature 1 inv_heatsink_temp_1 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30284 Heatsink temperature 2 inv_heatsink_temp_2 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30285 Heatsink temperature 3 inv_heatsink_temp_3 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30286 Heatsink temperature 4 inv_heatsink_temp_4 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30287 Heatsink temperature 5 inv_heatsink_temp_5 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30288 Heatsink temperature 6 inv_heatsink_temp_6 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30289 Heatsink temperature max 1 inv_heatsink_temp_max SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30290 Fan speed inv_fan_speed SINT16 1 0.0 100.0 %
30291 Heatsink temperature max 2 inv_heatsink_temp_max_2 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 C
30292 Fan speed 2 inv_fan_speed_2 SINT16 1 0.0 100.0 %

Modbus Registers for Serial Number Parameters


Refer to Table 19.
Table 19 Registers for Serial Number Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30302 Serial number word 0 inv_serial_number_0 UINT16 0 0 65535 None
30303 Serial number word 1 inv_serial_number_1 UINT16 0 0 65535 None
30304 Serial number word 2 inv_serial_number_2 UINT16 0 0 65535 None
30305 Serial number word 3 inv_serial_number_3 UINT16 0 0 65535 None

Modbus Registers for Component Parameters


Refer to Table 20.
Table 20 Registers for Component Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30324 Number of temperature fbks inv_number_temp_fbk UINT16 0 0 8 None
30328 Number of Zones inv_number_strings UINT16 0 0 32 None

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Modbus Registers for Rating Parameters


Refer to Table 21.
Table 21 Registers for Rating Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30311 Rated output power inv_rated_power UINT16 0 0 65535 kW
30312 Rated line frequency inv_rated_freq UINT16 0 0 65535 Hz
30313 Rated line voltage inv_rated_line_voltage UINT16 0 0 65535 V
30315 Inverter voltage tap setting inv_tap_setting SINT16 0 -100 100 %

Modbus Registers for DC Protection Parameters


Refer to Table 22.
Table 22 Registers for DC Protection Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30351 DC input overvoltage trip inv_dc_in_ov_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
30352 DC input overvoltage delay inv_dc_in_ov_delay UINT16 0 N/A N/A ms
30353 DC input undervoltage trip inv_dc_in_uv_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
30354 DC input undervoltage delay inv_dc_in_uv_delay UINT16 0 N/A N/A ms
DC link instantaneous overvoltage
30355 inv_dc_link_ov_inst_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
trip
30356 DC link overvoltage trip inv_dc_link_ov_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
30357 DC link overvoltage delay inv_dc_link_ov_delay UINT16 0 N/A N/A ms
DC link instantaneous
30358 inv_dc_link_uv_inst_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
undervoltage trip
30359 DC link undervoltage trip inv_dc_link_uv_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A V
30360 DC link undervoltage delay inv_dc_link_uv_delay UINT16 0 N/A N/A ms
DC input instantaneous
30361 inv_dc_in_oc_inst_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
overcurrent trip
30362 DC input overcurrent trip inv_dc_in_oc_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30363 DC input overcurrent delay inv_dc_in_oc_delay UINT16 0 N/A N/A ms
30364 Ground current fault trip inv_i_gnd_trip UINT16 1 N/A N/A A
30365 Ground current fault delay inv_i_gnd_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A s

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Modbus Registers for AC Protection Parameters


Refer to Table 23.
Table 23 Registers for AC Protection Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30371 Line overvoltage trip fast inv_line_ov_fast_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30372 Line overvoltage delay fast inv_line_ov_fast_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30373 Line overvoltage trip slow inv_line_ov_slow_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30374 Line overvoltage delay slow inv_line_ov_slow_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30375 Line undervoltage trip fast inv_line_uv_fast_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30376 Line undervoltage delay fast inv_line_uv_fast_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30377 Line undervoltage trip slow inv_line_uv_slow_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30378 Line undervoltage delay slow inv_line_uv_slow_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30379 Line overcurrent trip inv_line_oc_trip UINT16 0 N/A N/A %
30380 Line overcurrent delay inv_line_oc_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30381 Neutral overcurrent trip inv_neutral_oc_trip UINT16 1 N/A N/A A
30382 Neutral overcurrent delay inv_neutral_oc_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30383 Line over frequency trip inv_line_of_trip UINT16 2 N/A N/A Hz
30384 Line over frequency delay inv_line_of_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30385 Line under frequency trip inv_line_uf_trip UINT16 2 N/A N/A Hz
30386 Line under frequency delay inv_line_uf_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30387 Voltage unbalance trip inv_line_v_unbal_trip UINT16 1 N/A N/A %
30388 Voltage unbalance delay inv_line_v_unbal_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec
30389 Current unbalance trip inv_line_i_unbal_trip UINT16 1 N/A N/A %
30390 Current unbalance delay inv_line_i_unbal_delay UINT16 2 N/A N/A sec

Modbus Registers for Time Parameters


Refer to Table 24.
Table 24 Registers for Time Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30485 Second inv_time_sec UINT16 2 00.00 60.60 sec
30486 Hour.minute inv_time_hour_min UINT16 2 00.00 24.00 hr.min
30487 Month.day inv_time_month_day UINT16 2 00.00 12.32 mm.dd
30488 Year inv_time_year UINT16 0 0 65535 year

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Modbus Registers for Writeable Parameters


Refer to Table 25.
Table 25 Registers for Writeable Parameters
Digits
Register XML After
Description Type Minimum Maximum
Number Fieldname Decimal
Point
40437 Remote command UINT16 0 0 8 none
40475 Modbus slave ID UINT16 0 0 65535 none
40476 Modbus access code UINT16 0 0 65535 none

Smart SubCombiner / Solstice® Subcombiner Parameters


Modbus Registers for Combiner Assembly Information
Parameters
Refer to Table 26.
Table 26 Registers for Combiner Assembly Information Parameters
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
30010 Firmware Version comb_firmware_versi UINT16 2 0.00 655.35 None X X
Number on
30011 Serial number word 0 comb_serial_number UINT16 0 0 65535 None X X
30012 Serial number word 1 UINT16 0 0 65535 None X X

Modbus Registers for Communications Parameters


Refer to Table 27.
Table 27 Registers for Communications Parameters
Digits
Register After Unit Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum
Number Decimal s Sub Sub
Point
30020 Device ModBus comb_modbus_id UINT16 0 0 255 None X X
Address
30021 Baud Rate comb_baud_rate UINT16 1 0.0 999.9 kbps X X
30025 Polling Interval comb_polling_interval UINT16 0 60 1200 Sec X
30026 Time Since Last comb_time_since_last_ UINT16 0 0 1200 Sec X
Polling Interval p_int

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Modbus Registers for Combiner Fault Parameters


Refer to Table 28.
Table 28 Registers for Combiner Fault Parameters
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
30040 Combiner Fault Word 1 comb_fault_1 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
30041 Combiner Fault Word 2 comb_fault_2 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
30042 SSB Combiner Status 1 comb_ssb_status_1 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
30043 SSB Combiner Status 2 comb_ssb_status_2 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
30045 Combiner Status Word 1 comb_status_1 HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X

Modbus Registers for Combiner Temperature Parameters


Refer to Table 29.
Table 29 Registers for Combiner Temperature Parameters
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
30052 Internal Temp comb_int_temp SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X X
30055 Aux Combiner Temp 1 comb_aux_temp_1 SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X X
30058 Aux Combiner Temp 2 comb_aux_temp_2 SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X X

Modbus Registers for Stored Combiner Values


Refer to Table 30.
Table 30 Registers for Stored Combiner Values
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
30070 Highest Recorded comb_highest_recor SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Internal Temp ded_int_temp
30071 Lowest Recorded comb_lowest_record SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Internal Temp ed_int_temp
30072 Highest Recorded Aux comb_highest_recor SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Combiner Temp 1 ded_aux_temp_1
30073 Lowest Recorded Aux comb_lowest_record SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Combiner Temp 1 ed_aux_temp_1
30074 Highest Recorded Aux comb_highest_recor SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Combiner Temp 2 ded_aux_temp_2
30075 Lowest Recorded Aux comb_lowest_record SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
Combiner Temp 2 ed_aux_temp_2

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Modbus Registers for String #XX Parameters


Refer to Table 31.
Table 31 Registers for String # XX Parameters
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
3XX01 Max Input Current comb_string_XX_ma SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A
x_in_i
3XX02 Min Input Current comb_string_XX_mi SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A
n_in_i
3XX03 Input Current comb_string_XX_av SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
g_in_i
3XX04 Max Input Voltage comb_string_XX_ma SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V
x_in_v
3XX05 Min Input Voltage comb_string_XX_mi SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V
n_in_v
3XX06 Input Voltage comb_string_XX_av SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
g_in_v
3XX07 Max Output Current comb_string_XX_ma SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
x_out_i
3XX08 Min Output Current comb_string_XX_mi SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
n_out_i
3XX09 Output Current comb_string_XX_av SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
g_out_i
3XX10 Max Output Voltage comb_string_XX_ma SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V
x_out_v
3XX11 Min Output Voltage comb_string_XX_mi SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V
n_out_v
3XX12 Output Voltage comb_string_XX_av SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
g_out_v
3XX83 Aux Temp 1 comb_string_XX_au SINT16 1 -327.68 327.67 °C X
x_temp_1
3XX90 String Status Word comb_string_XX_sta HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
tus_1
3XX91 Serial number word 0 comb_sstring_serial UINT16 0 0 65535 None X
_number
3XX92 comb_sstring_serial UINT16 0 0 65535 None X
Serial number word 1
_number
3XX93 comb_sstring_serial UINT16 0 0 65535 None X
Serial number word 2
_number
3XX94 Software Version comb_string_sw_ver UINT16 0 0 65535 None X

3XX95 String Mode comb_string_XX_mo HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X


de

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Modbus Registers for Highest Output Current


Refer to Table 32.
Table 32 Registers for Highest Output Currents
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
32561 String 01- comb_string_01_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32562 String 02- comb_string_02_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32563 String 03- comb_string_03_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32564 String 04- comb_string_04_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i
32565 String 05- comb_string_05_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i
32566 String 06- comb_string_06_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i
32567 String 07- comb_string_07_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32568 String 08- comb_string_08_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32569 String 09- comb_string_09_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
Highest Current _out_i
32570 String 10- comb_string_10_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i
32571 String 11- comb_string_11_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i
32572 String 12- comb_string_12_highest SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
Highest Current _out_i

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Modbus Registers for Present String Input Currents


Refer to Table 33.
Table 33 Registers for Present String Input Currents
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36001 String 01- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_01_in_i
Current In
36002 String 02- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_02_in_i
Current In
36003 String 03- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_03_in_i
Current In
36004 String 04- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_04_in_i
Current In
36005 String 05- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_05_in_i
Current In
36006 String 06- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_06_in_i
Current In
36007 String 07- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_07_in_i
Current In
36008 String 08- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_08_in_i
Current In
36009 String 09- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X
comb_string_09_in_i
Current In
36010 String 10- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_10_in_i
Current In
36011 String 11- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_11_in_i
Current In
36012 String 12- Present SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X
comb_string_12_in_i
Current In

Modbus Registers for Present String Input Voltages


Refer to Table 34.
Table 34 Registers for Present String Input Voltages
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36031 String 01- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_01_in_v
Voltage In
36032 String 02- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_02_in_v
Voltage In
36033 String 03- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_03_in_v
Voltage In
36034 String 04- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_04_in_v
Voltage In
36035 String 05- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_05_in_v
Voltage In
36036 String 06- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_06_in_v
Voltage In
36037 String 07- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_07_in_v
Voltage In
36038 String 08- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_08_in_v
Voltage In

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36039 String 09- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X


comb_string_09_in_v
Voltage In
36040 String 10- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_10_in_v
Voltage In
36041 String 11- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_11_in_v
Voltage In
36042 String 12- Present SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
comb_string_12_in_v
Voltage In

Modbus Registers for Present String Output Currents


Refer to Table 35.
Table 35 Registers for Present String Output Currents
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36061 String 01- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_01_out_i
Present Current
36062 String 02- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_02_out_i
Present Current
36063 String 03- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_03_out_i
Present Current
36064 String 04- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_04_out_i
Present Current
36065 String 05- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_05_out_i
Present Current
36066 String 06- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_06_out_i
Present Current
36067 String 07- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_07_out_i
Present Current
36068 String 08- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_08_out_i
Present Current
36069 String 09- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 A X X
comb_string_09_out_i
Present Current
36070 String 10- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_10_out_i
Present Current
36071 String 11- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_11_out_i
Present Current
36072 String 12- SINT16 2 -100.00 100.00 V X X
comb_string_12_out_i
Present Current

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Modbus Registers for Present String Output Voltages


Refer to Table 36.
Table 36 Registers for Present String Output Voltages
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36101 String 01- Present comb_string_01_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36102 String 02- Present comb_string_02_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36103 String 03- Present comb_string_03_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36104 String 04- Present comb_string_04_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36105 String 05- Present comb_string_05_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36106 String 06- Present comb_string_06_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36107 String 07- Present comb_string_07_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36108 String 08- Present comb_string_08_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36109 String 09- Present comb_string_09_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36110 String 10- Present comb_string_10_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36111 String 11- Present comb_string_11_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v
36112 String 12- Present comb_string_12_out_ SINT16 1 -1000.0 1000.0 V X
Voltage Out v

Modbus Registers for Present String Input Power


Refer to Table 37.
Table 37 Registers for Present String Input Power
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36131 String 01- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_01_in_p
Power In
36132 String 02- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_02_in_p
Power In
36133 String 03- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_03_in_p
Power In
36134 String 04- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_04_in_p
Power In
36135 String 05- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_05_in_p
Power In
36136 String 06- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_06_in_p
Power In
36137 String 07- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_07_in_p
Power In
36138 String 08- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_08_in_p
Power In
36139 String 09- Present comb_string_09_in_p SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Power In
36140 String 10- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_10_in_p
Power In
36141 String 11- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_11_in_p
Power In
36142 String 12- Present SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
comb_string_12_in_p
Power In

Modbus Registers for Present String Output Power


Refer to Table 38.
Table 38 Registers for Present String Output Power
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36161 String 01- Present comb_string_01_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36162 String 02- Present comb_string_02_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36163 String 03- Present comb_string_03_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36164 String 04- Present comb_string_04_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36165 String 05- Present comb_string_05_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36166 String 06- Present comb_string_06_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36167 String 07- Present comb_string_07_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36168 String 08- Present comb_string_08_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36169 String 09- Present comb_string_09_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36170 String 10- Present comb_string_10_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36171 String 11- Present comb_string_11_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p
36172 String 12- Present comb_string_12_out_ SINT16 0 -10000 10000 W X
Power Out p

Modbus Registers for Present String Status


Refer to Table 39.
Table 39 Registers for Present String Status
Digits
Register After Smart Solstice
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal Sub Sub
Point
36231 String 01- Present comb_string_01_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36232 String 02- Present comb_string_02_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36233 String 03- Present comb_string_03_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36234 String 04- Present comb_string_04_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36235 String 05- Present comb_string_05_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X

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Status s_1
36236 String 06- Present comb_string_06_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36237 String 07- Present comb_string_07_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36238 String 08- Present comb_string_08_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36239 String 09- Present comb_string_09_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36240 String 10- Present comb_string_10_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36241 String 11- Present comb_string_11_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1
36242 String 12- Present comb_string_12_statu HEX 0 0x0000 0xFFFF Hex X
Status s_1

Modbus Registers for Control


Refer to Table 40.
Table 40 Registers for Control

Register Number Description Smart Sub Solstice Sub

40020 Modbus Device ID X X


40021 Baud Rate X X
40025 Polling Interval X
40031 Reset Faults X
40045 Calibrate DC Current Sensors X
40046 Soft Reset X
40047 Reset Highest/Lowest Data X

Weather Station Parameters


Refer to Table 41.
Table 41 Registers for Weather Station Parameters
Digits
Register After
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number Decimal
Point
30001 Ambient Temperature wx_amb_temp SINT16 0 -32768 32767 °C
30002 Cell Temperature wx_cell_temp_1 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 °C
30003 Wind Speed wx_wind_speed SINT16 1 0.0 1000.0 Km/h
30004 Wind Direction wx_wind_dir SINT16 1 -179.9 +180.0 Degrees
30005 Irradiance wx_irradiance SINT16 0 0 1000 W/m^2
30006 Alternate Cell Temp wx_cell_temp_2 SINT16 0 -32768 32767 °C
30011 Serial Number 1 wx_serial_1 UINT16 0 0 65535 none
30012 Serial Number 2 wx_serial_2 UINT16 0 0 65535 none
30013 Serial Number 3 wx_serial_3 UINT16 0 0 65535 none
30014 Serial Number 4 wx_serial_4 UINT16 0 0 65535 none
30015 Firmware Version wx_firmware UINT16 2 000.00 655.35 none
30016 Equipment Version wx_equip_version UINT16 0 0 65535 none

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Chapter 8 Inverter and Accessories Modbus Register Summaries

Revenue Grade Meter Parameters


Refer to Table 42.
Table 42 Registers for Revenue Grade Meter Parameters
Register
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number
30001 Meter name Reg 1
30002 Meter name Reg 2
30003 Meter name Reg 3
30004 Meter name Reg 4
meter_name
30005 Meter name Reg 5
30006 Meter name Reg 6
ASCII NA NA ASCII
30007 Meter name Reg 7
30008 Meter name Reg 8
30009 Meter Serial Number Reg 1
30010 Meter Serial Number Reg 2
30011 Meter Serial Number Reg 3
30012 Meter Serial Number Reg 4
meter_serial_number
30013 Meter Serial Number Reg 5
30014 Meter Serial Number Reg 6
ASCII NA NA ASCII
30015 Meter Serial Number Reg 7
30016 Meter Serial Number Reg 8
30018 Meter Firmware Version Reg 1 meter_firmware_version ASCII NA NA ASCII
30019 Meter Firmware Version Reg 2 meter_asic_version ASCII NA NA ASCII
31000 Volts Phase A-N
meter_volts_a_n Float32 0 9999M Volts
31001 Volts Phase A-N
31002 Volts Phase B-N
meter_volts_b_n Float32 0 9999M Volts
31003 Volts Phase B-N
31004 Volts Phase C-N
meter_volts_c_n Float32 0 9999M Volts
31005 Volts Phase C-N
31006 Volts Phase A-B
meter_volts_a_b Float32 0 9999M Volts
31007 Volts Phase A-B
31008 Volts Phase B-C
meter_volts_b_c Float32 0 9999M Volts
31009 Volts Phase B-C
31010 Volts Phase C-A
meter_volts_c_a Float32 0 9999M Volts
31011 Volts Phase C-A
31012 Phase A Amps
meter_amps_a Float32 0 9999M Amps
31013 Phase A Amps
31014 Phase B Amps
meter_amps_b Float32 0 9999M Amps
31015 Phase B Amps
31016 Phase C Amps
meter_amps_c Float32 0 9999M Amps
31017 Phase C Amps
31018 Watt Total
meter_watts_total Float32 -9999M 9999M Watts
31019 Watt Total
31020 VAR Total
meter_var_total Float32 -9999M 9999M VARs
31021 VAR Total
31022 VA Total
meter_va_total Float32 -9999M 9999M VAs
31023 VA Total

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Table 43 Registers for Revenue Grade meter Parameters


Register
Description XML Fieldname Type Minimum Maximum Units
Number
31024 Power Factor
meter_power_factor Float32 -1.00 1.00 None
31025 Power Factor
31026 Frequency
meter_frequency Float32 0 65.00 Hz
31027 Frequency
31028 Neutral Current
meter_neutral_current Float32 -9999M 9999M Amps
31029 Neutral Current
31100 Whrs Received
meter_whrs_received SINT32 -99999999 99999999 Whs
31101 Whrs Received
31102 Whrs Delivered
meter_whrs_delivered SINT32 -99999999 99999999 Whs
31103 Whrs Delivered
31104 Whrs net
meter_whrs_net SINT32 -99999999 99999999 Whs
31105 Whrs net
31106 Whrs total
meter_whrs_total SINT32 0 99999999 Whs
31107 Whrs total

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Glossary

Glossary
CCM Satcon Communication Control Module. This module is installed in the inverter and is
part of the “master-slave” function in bidirectional message transfers within the
network. The CCM unit acts as a “master” in Modbus RS485 protocols, and “slave” in
TCP/IP protocols.

Master/Slave The Modbus protocol used in this inverter communication system is based on a
Modbus Protocol single-master, multiple-slave protocol. Only one master is connected to the bus at
any one time, while one or more slaves can be connected to the same serial bus.
SatCon inverters are always slaves.

Modbus Protocol A serial communications protocol introduced many years ago for use with the
MODular DIgital CONtroller (MODICON) device. MODICON represented the first
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). Modbus protocol provides the internal
standard that the SatCon Communication Controller uses for parsing messages.

OSI The Open Systems Interconnect is a standard established by the International


Standards Organization (ISO). OSI is a set of communications rules (protocol) that has
seven levels. These are, from the lowest level (level 1) to the highest level (level 7) as
follows: physical, data link, network, transport, session, presentation, and application

Protocol A mutually agreed upon format (or set of rules) for doing something. In computer
systems, it most commonly refers to a set of rules or standard that enables
computers to connect and transmit data to one another, hence the term
“communications protocol.” A protocol can be implemented by hardware, software,
or a combination of both.

RTU Remote Terminal Unit. A microprocessor-controlled device that acts as an interface


within a distributed control system. A typical RTU has communication interfaces for
media (usually serial RS232, RS485, RS422) and protocols (Modbus, DNP3, and other
proprietary protocols) so that it can communicate with other devices and/or
interface boards.

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Satcon Technology Corporation
25 Drydock Avenue, Boston MA 02210, U.S.A.
Tel: 617.910.5500 I Fax: 617.910.5501 I www.satcon.com