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JATMANSI (NARDOSTACHYS)

Synonyms

Indian Spike Nard: Nard.

Biological Source

Jatamansi consists of the dried rhizome of Nardostachys jatamansi DC.

It belongs to the family Valerianaceae.

Geographical Source

The plant is found in the alpine Himalayas, 4,000 – 5,000 meters, of Nepal,
Bhutan and Bhutan.

Macroscopical character

Jatamansi is a perennial herb containing a cylindrical rhizome covered with brown


to deep grayish fibers; length is 2.5 – 7 cm, diameter 0.5 – 3 cm. Fibers are
produced by an accumulation of skeletons of the leaf bases. Removal of thee leaf
bases, areal parts and adventitious roots show the presence of rough surface with
transverse rings. The rings indicate the scars of nodes, leaf bases and the
adventitious roots. Internal color is reddish brown. Fracture is easy and splintery.
Adventitious roots are thin, branched and red to brown in color. Odor is slight and
aromatic and taste is acrid, slightly bitter and aromatic.

Microscopical Characters:Transverse section of rhizome is characterized by the


presence of outermost cork consisting of 2-5 layers of cells filled with oil globules.
The cortex is marked by the presence of schizogenous canals. The phloem is in
form of patches of small cells. The cambium ring is distinct and continuous.

Chemical constituents

It consists of 1-2% volatile oil, resin, sugar, starch and bitter principles.Volatile oil
of jatamansi possesses jatamansone, and jatamansic acid as the major constituents.

Uses
Jatamansi has aromatic, bitter, tonic, stimulant, spasmolytic, and antiseptic
properties. It is employed for the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, palpitation of
heart, and high blood pressure.

Adulterant

It is adulterated with rhizome of Selinum vaginatum (Umbelliferae), which


contains a volatile oil.

Jatamansi oil

Biological Source: Jatamansi oil is obtained by steam distillation of dried rhizomes


of Nardostachys jatamansi D. C. belonging to the family family Valerianaceae.

GeographicaL Source: The plant is found in the alpine Himalayas, 4,000 – 5,000
meters of Nepal, India and Bhutan.

Characters: It appears as fluid to slightly viscous liquid and varies from yellow to
dark brown colour. It has pleasant, characteristic odor. It possess 0.9300 to 0.9587
at 25º C specific gravity and 1.5055 to 1.5458 at 25º C refractive index.

Chemical constituents: Volatile oil of jatamansi possesses jatamansone, and


jatamansic acid as the major constituents.

Uses; It is employed for the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, palpitation of heart,


and high blood pressure.