What is the meaning of Ayah 4 of SuratuTaha [Ar-Rahmanu ^Alal ^Arshistawa] ?

Listen ImamMalik said, ³Allah attributed Himself with the Istawa' that befits Him. It is invalid to say how; and how does not apply to Him.´ The how-characteristics are descriptions of the created. Only the created can be described with sitting, settling and occupying a place. The word istawa has 15 meanings, among them are to subjugate, to preserve, and to maintain. It also implies physically-oriented meanings such as to sit, to settle and to stabilize. It is blasphemy to apply to Allah to physical meanings of the creations such as to sit. The words preserve and subjugate are meanings that comply with the religion and the Arabic language. Al-Qushayriyy explained the meaning of istawa' in this Ayah as, to preserve, subdue and maintain. It cannot be believed that Allah sits on the Throne as this belies Ayah 74 of Suratul-Nahlwhich means, ³Do not liken Allah to any of His creation.´ Surat Ibrahim,Ayah48 means, ³And the slaves will be resurrected to face the judgment of Allah, the One, the Subduer.´ Imam Aliyysaid, ³Allah created the Throne as an indication of His Power and not to take it as a place for himself.´ (Related by AbuMansurAlBaghdadiyy.) What is necessary to be among the attributes of prophets and what are impossible to be their attributes?

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It is obligatory to believe that every Prophet of Allah must be attributed with truthfulness, trustworthiness, intelligence, virtuous character, courage, and articulation. Consequently, lying, dishonesty, vileness, fornication, other enormous sins, and blasphemy are impossible to be amongst their attributes, both before and after the Revelation of Prophethood. In SuratulAn^am, Ayah86 means, ³Allah has given the prophets ranks higher than the rest of the world.´ The Prophet, salallallahu ^alayhiwasallam, said in a hadith related by at-Tirmidhiyy, ³Every Prophet Allah sent, had a pleasing face and an appealing voice´. How is worship (^Ibadah) accepted? Listen Worshipping Allah is accepted only from the believers. The believers believe in the existence of Allah, and do not liken Him to any of His creations. Suratush-Shura, Ayah11 means, ³Nothing is like Allah in any way.´ The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhiwasallam, said, ³Do not attempt to imagine the Self of Allah´ (Related by Abul-Qasim Al-Ansariyy). The scholar Al-Ghazaliyy said, ³Worship is valid only after one has correct knowledge and belief in the One Who deserves to be worshipped [Allah].´

for shirk is extreme injustice.´ In the hadith related and authenticated by At-Tabaraniyy. Listen Asking Allah by the Prophet is deemed permissible by the consensus of the top scholars (mujtahids). µTo attribute partners to Allah. the One Who created you. ³The greatest right due to Allah from his slaves is for them to worship Him without associating partners to Him. In Suratul-Ma`idah. only to order them to worship Him. with the firm belief that Allah is the Creator of benefit and harm. was asked. Discuss asking Allah by the Prophet (Tawassul).´ (Related by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) Discuss asking Allah by the Prophet (Tawassul). so worship Him alone. The Prophet taught the blind man to ask Allah by him. ³No one is God except Allah.Suratul-Dhariyat. Listen . ³Allah has created jinn and mankind. SuratLuqman. ³Seek the means of obedience to Allah. SuratulAnbiya¶Ayah25 means.What is the purpose of creating the humans and the jinn? Listen Allah created the humans and jinn to order them to worship Him. said. peace be upon him.´ (Related by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) What is the most enormous sin? Listen The most enormous sin is blasphemy. Ayah56 means. sallallahu ^alayhiwasallam. in honor of the mentioned.Ayah13 contains the meaning of what Luqman said is. it is to worship other than Allah. µWhat is the most enormous sin?¶ He said.´ The Prophet.´ The Prophet. as described by Hafidh al-Subkiyy. Shirk is a type of blasphemy. Ayah35 means. The blind man did so. said. and Allah returned his sight to him. ³The greatest right due to Allah from His slaves is for them to worship Him without associating partners with Him.sallallahu ^alayhiwasallam. Tawassul is seeking to gain benefit or to alleviate harm by mentioning a Prophet or a righteous Muslim.´ It was narrated that ³The Prophet.¶´ (Related by al-Bukhariyy and others) What does worship (^Ibadah) mean? Listen Worship is the ultimate submission and humility. ³O my son! Do not worship other than Allah.

even the scholars who deemed it acceptable did not take it to mean that Allah occupies the sky. Listen The hadith is classified as inconsistent (mudtarib). ³Nothing is like Allah in any way. This means that it was reported in a number of ways with variations in the text. The question means. The Khalafare those who came after them. He existed and no place or creation existed. and eternally nothing else existed. in their apparent meaning cannot be reconciled.e. The Prophet taught the blind man to ask Allah by him.´ The hadith also means. It did not imply restricting Allah to a location. ³The question of µwhere¶ (i. ³Allah existed eternally before creating the places. ³How much do you glorify Allah?´ The slave woman¶s response ³fis-sama¶´ affirmed her belief in Allah having a high status.´ In the hadith related and authenticated by At-Tabaraniyy. Allah is not bound by locations.´(Related by al-Bukhariyyand others. In the book Ar-Risalah Al-Qushayriyyah by Abul-Qasim Al-Qushayriyy. ayna in its literal meaning is a query about location. In Suratul-Ma`idah.´ (Related by al-Bukhariyy). (NB. It is neither permissible to believe that the Prophet asked her about the location. ³Allahexisted eternally. According to the Arabic language it can also mean a query about status).) . They were granted rain. nor that she meant Allah occupies the sky. Imam ^Aliyy said. in honor of the mentioned. Ayah11 means. with the firm belief that Allah is the Creator of benefit and harm. and Allah returned his sight to him. Nevertheless.Suratush-Shura. He is the Creator of all things". Listen Asking Allah by the righteous Muslims is permissible. is a question about the rank not the location. from the (Salaf) or the (Khalaf) objected to this. In explaining the hadith. an-Nawawiyy said that the question ³aynallah?´which cannot be taken literally. It is narrated in the hadith that during his caliphate in the year of the drought. The scholars of hadith judge the hadith whose narrations. location) does not apply to the One Who created the whereabouts. ^Umar asked Allah for rain by al^Abbas saying.Asking Allah by the Prophet is deemed permissible by the consensus of the top scholars (mujtahids). Explain the meaning of the Hadith of the Slave-Woman (Hadithul-Jariyah). ³Seek the means of obedience to Allah. Ayah35 means. Discuss asking Allah by the righteous Muslims (Tawassul). we ask You by the Uncle of our Prophet¶. as a weak hadith. The blind man did so. Tawassul is seeking to gain benefit or to alleviate harm by mentioning a Prophet or a righteous Muslim. No one on the right path.´AbuHanifah stated in his book ³Al-Fiqh AlAbsat´. µO Allah. The Salafare those who lived in the first three centuries dating from the migration of the Prophet. Moreover.

The Messenger of Allah. that results in his falling the depth of seventy years into Hellfire. His Verses and His Messenger? Make no excuses.´(Related by at-Tirmidhiyy).' we were only babbling and kidding. Ayat65. µDo you jest about Allah. Listen Qadi ^Iyad relayed the scholarly consensus that the one who curses Allahapostatizes even if he or she was angry. This depth is the bottom of hellfire and a place occupied by blasphemers only. Suratut-Tawbah.Clarify the proof concerning the blasphemy of the one who curses Allah. ³If you question those who have blasphemed. said. for you have blasphemed after having been Muslim. Say to them. . sallallahu ^alayhiwasallam. joking or did not feel delighted by the utterance. they will say. ³A slave may utter a word which he thinks harmless. 66 mean.

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