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Group 1 transport it to the treatment plant or

disposal area.
Bisda, Mariel
 Known as sanitary sewer collection
Magtuto, Andrea B. system

Montilla, Alyssa Mae Waste Water Collection

Oliveria, Rica Leisa M.  Wastewater collection normally takes

place by means of gravity from
Ygar, Don Kiddie domestic households and the industry
Basic Terms where the wastewater is led to
pumping stations and pumped into the
• Sewage: It is the Liquid Waste or Wastewater wastewater treatment plants.
produced as a result of water use. 
• Sewer: It is a pipe or conduit for carrying Types of Collection Systems under:
sewage. It is generally closed and flow takes
place under gravity. Principles of transport

• Sewerage: Sewerage is the system of 1. Gravity

collection of wastewaters and conveying it to  The primary type of public
the point of disposal with or without treatment. sanitary sewer collection
system is a gravity system. A
Waste Water gravity system is so named
 Wastewater is the combination of liquid because the wastewater flows
and water-transported wastes from down gradient in the sewer,
homes, commercial buildings, industrial driven by forces of gravity.
facilities, and institutions, along with  Various sizes of sewers are
any groundwater infiltration and generally laid at a minimum
surface water and stormwater inflow slope to ensure open channel
that may enter the sewer system. flow through the pipe at a
minimum velocity of 2.0 feet
Sources of Waste Water per second. The minimum
velocity is required to ensure
1.Dometic-It is wastewater from houses offices,
that solids do not settle out in
other buildings, hotels and institutions
the sewer.
2. Industrial- It is the liquid waste from  Gravity sewers are a minimum
industrial process of 8-inch diameter pipes with
manhole structures located at
3.Storm-water: It includes surface run-off
changes in horizontal alignment
generated by rainfall and the street wash
and vertical slope changes. The
Waste Water Collection Systems maximum distance between
manholes is 400 feet.
 The function of the collection system is 2. Low Pressure
to collect the wastewater from  Low pressure sewer systems
residential, commercial, and industrial are used in areas where the use
areas within the service area and of gravity sewers is impractical
due to topography or economic  Wastewater engineering is that
reasons. Low pressure systems branch of environmental
are often found around lakes engineering in which the basic
and in rolling terrain principles of science and
3. Vacuum engineering are applied to
 Vacuum collection systems are solving the issues associated
used for the same reason as low with the treatment and reuse of
pressure systems. However, it is wastewater
rare to find a vacuum collection
Components of Waste Water Engineering
system in use in Pennsylvania as
this is a fairly new collection 1. Collection System →Network of Sewer pipes
alternative in the United States, 2. Disposal →Sewage Pumping Stations and
and operation and maintenance Outfalls
is more difficult than a low
pressure system. 3. Treatment Works →Wastewater treatment
Principles of collection:

1. Separate System
 If storm water is carried
separately from domestic and
industrial wastewater the
system is called as separate
2. Combined System
 It is the system in which the
sewers carry both sanitary and
storm water
3. Partially Combined
 some portion of storm or
surface run-off is allowed to be
carried along with sanitary

Types of Sewer

1. Sanitary Sewer
2. Storm Sewer
3. Combined Sewer
4. House Sewer
5. Lateral Sewer
6. Sub-Main
7. Main/Trunk Sewer
8. Outfall Sewer

Waste Water Engineering