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# Crow/AMSAA Simulation Spreadsheet

Version 1.1, March 23, 2003, Copyright 2003 by Barringer & Associates, Inc.
For information contact Paul Barringer, P.E., Barringer & Associates, Inc. http://www.barringer1.com

This sheet is prepared for simple Crow/AMSAA simulation to demonstrate the methodology
It uses the simulation model described http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/apr/section1/apr191.htm
Crow/AMSA
A Equation-- N(t) = l*tb Solved For t--> t = (N(t)/l)^(1/b)
Paul Barringer, P.E. >
Ph: 1-281-852-6810 Choose Lambda--> 0.01
FAX: 1-281-852-3749 Choose Beta--> 0.5
Email: hpaul@barringer1.com Calculated Results From Simulated Data
Website: http://www.barringer1.com b l
Least Squares Regression--> 0.4582 0.0232
Press F9 To Simulate MIL-HDBK-189 MLE--> 0.5999 0.0037
Simulated Precise IEC-1164 MLE--> 0.4799 0.0179

## Least Squares MIL-HDBK-189

N = # t = time to t = time to ln(tn/t1)
ln(t) Regression MLE Calculated
failures failure failure
Calculated t t

## 1 3,236.0 10,000 8.08210545 5.09368518 3,686 11,355

Simulation Using NIST

## 2 17,944 40,000 9.7949834 3.38080723 16,732 36,057

3 47,265 90,000 10.7635267 2.4122639 40,538 70,882
Methodology

## 4 102,322 160,000 11.5358763 1.63991429 75,951 114,501

5 133,344 250,000 11.8006859 1.37510472 123,605 166,095
6 142,648 360,000 11.8681318 1.30765879 184,012 225,088
7 223,793 490,000 12.3184768 0.85731382 257,605 291,040
8 296,603 640,000 12.6001486 0.57564204 344,762 363,601
9 513,095 810,000 13.1482163 0.02757434 445,817 442,482
10 527,440 1,000,000 13.1757906 0 561,074 527,440
Failure Truncated Analysis
NIST method described at: http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/apr/se
Step 1: Decide and input constants described by a (Cell H8) and
Step 2: Simulate a vector on n uniform (0,1) random numbers. Call the
Step 3: Calculate Y1=((-1/a)*ln(rand()))^(1/b) where rand() produces a u
Step i: Calculate Yi = (((Yi-1)^b)-(1/a)*ln(rand()))^(1/b)
Which means:
Step 1: a = l and b = b
Step 2: Use the Excel RAND() function to generate random number
Step 3 to i: Calculate the cum times to failure in column c16:c25
sociates, Inc., Humble, TX 77347, USA
http://www.barringer1.com hpaul@barringer1.com

(N(t)/l)^(1/b)
<--Change Input Data As Required
<--Change Input Data As Required
s From Simulated Data
R2 Failure Truncated Regression Equations:
0.9882 <--Trend line goes through centroid of data
<--Trend line goes through last data point
<--Trend line goes through last data point

Crow/AMSAA Plot
IEC-1164 MLE 10
Calculated t ■ Random Data
RR,
4,349 MLE,
18,437
Cum Failures

42,917
IEC-1164,
78,157 Precise (Exact)
124,424 Press F9 To Simulate
181,927
250,840
331,312
423,473
1
527,440 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000
Cum Time
handbook/apr/section1/apr191.htm
ell H8) and b (Cell H9).
umbers. Call these U1, U2, U3,…Un
nd() produces a uniform random number (0,1)

andom numbers
umn c16:c25
Lambda 0.1 <--Y-axis intercept at time =1
Beta 0.8 <--Slope of Crow/AMSAA line
N <--Begin simulation with this specific cumulative failure (ignore zeros)
T start <--Begin simulation with this specific cumulative time (ignore zeros)
MIL-HDBK-189 Goodness Of Fit
Cumulative Cumulative
ln(t) ln(tn/t1) (ti/T)^b (2*i-1)/(2*(N-1))
Time Failure
14.27 1 2.6581594315 2.1051249976 0.0668078881 0.0555555556
18.90 2 2.9391619221 1.824122507 0.0958728296 0.1666666667
20.55 3 3.0228609409 1.7404234881 0.1067628048 0.2777777778
57.38 4 4.0496958106 0.7135886185 0.399616878 0.3888888889
68.02 5 4.2198017796 0.5434826495 0.4972838633 0.5
76.33 6 4.3350660458 0.4282183833 0.5766999175 0.6111111111
91.46 7 4.5159017182 0.2473827109 0.7276126153 0.7222222222
103.32 8 4.6378309682 0.1254534609 0.8510722424 0.8333333333
111.21 9 4.7114203058 0.0518641233 0.9355073254 0.9444444444
117.13 10 4.7632844291 0 1 1.0555555556
Failure Truncated Analysis C2(M)=
Critical M=

## NIST First Draw--> {-(1/Lambda)*ln[rand()]}^(1/Beta)

NIST Subsequent Draws--> {(Previous Draw)^(1/Beta)-(1/Lambda)*ln[rand()]}^(1/Beta)
Press the F9 key to recalculate

## 189 Goodness Of Fit IEC 1164 Goodness Of Fit Calculated Values

{(ti/T)^b - (2*i- {(ti/T)^b - (2*i-
(ti/T)^b (2*i-1)/(2*(N-1)) b l R2
1)/(2*(N-1)}^2 1)/(2*(N-1)}^2
0.000126615 0.114778936 0.0555555556 0.0035074088 0.8765 0.1377 0.9220 <--Least Squares Regress
0.0050117674 0.1532344579 0.1666666667 0.0001804242 1.2854 0.0219 P>10% <--MIL-HDBK-189
0.029246121 0.1670075019 0.2777777778 0.012270054 1.0283 0.0746 P>10% <--IEC 1164
0.0001150897 0.4800815965 0.3888888889 0.0083161099
7.377398E-06 0.5718518013 0.5 0.0051626813 Crow/AMSAA Equation--> N(t) = l*tb
0.0011841302 0.6438132514 0.6111111111 0.00106943 Solved for t--> t = (N/l)^(1/
2.905634E-05 0.7753899651 0.7222222222 0.0028268089
0.0003146689 0.8789681553 0.8333333333 0.002082537
7.98721E-05 0.9480642144 0.9444444444 1.310273E-05
1 1.0555555556
0.0453739573 C2(M)= 0.0446878162
0.167 Critical M= 0.167
P>10% P>10%
e F9 key to recalculate

## <--Least Squares Regression--trend line goes through centroid of data

<--MIL-HDBK-189 (MLE)--trend line goes through last data point
<--IEC 1164 MLE--trend line goes through last data point

t = (N/l)^(1/b)
Change As N(t) = l*t^b t = (N(t)/l)^(1/
Needed

## R <--Choose Random ( R ) or Specific ( S ) First Data Point

<--If S Is Chosen, You May Select First Time Value For First Failure Rank regression-->
Lamda--> 0.1 0.01 MLE-MIL-HDBK-189-->
Beta--> 0.5 1.00 MLE-IEC 1164-->
Precise Solution Precise Time Simulation Random Time Simulation

Datum:
Multiplier: Time Time
Cum Time
If > 1, time between between
Cum Time if if beta=1
is failure if failure if
Failure # beta=0.5 and NOTE: cum time
stretched. beta =1 for beta =1 for
lambda = 0.1 Line goes
If < 1, time lambda = lambda =
thru first
is shrunk 0.1 0.1
data point!

## ### 1 100.0000 100.0000 100.0000 ### 478.0228

### 2 400.0000 100.0000 200.0000 ###
### 3 900.0000 100.0000 300.0000 ###
### 4 1600.0000 100.0000 400.0000 ###
### 5 2500.0000 100.0000 500.0000 ###
### 6 3600.0000 100.0000 600.0000 ###
### 7 4900.0000 100.0000 700.0000 ###
### 8 6400.0000 100.0000 800.0000 ###
###
###
9
10
8100.0000
10000.0000 Crow/AMSAA Plot-NIST Me
100.0000
100.0000
900.0000 ###
1000.0000###
### 11 12100.0000 100.0000 1100.0000###
###
###
12
13
100
14400.0000
16900.0000
100.0000
100.0000
1200.0000###
1300.0000###
###
###
14
15
19600.0000
22500.0000
Random Data Click F9 Key To
100.0000
100.0000
1400.0000###
1500.0000###
RR,
###
###
16
17
25600.0000
28900.0000 MLE, Recalculate
100.0000
100.0000
1600.0000###
1700.0000###
### 18 32400.0000 IEC-1164, 100.0000 1800.0000###
### 19 36100.0000 100.0000 1900.0000###
### 20 40000.0000 Precise = Exact 100.0000 2000.0000###
### 21 44100.0000 100.0000 2100.0000###
Cum Failures

## ### 22 48400.0000 100.0000 2200.0000###

### 23 52900.0000 100.0000 2300.0000###
### 24 57600.0000 100.0000 2400.0000###
### 25 62500.0000 100.0000 2500.0000###
###
###
26
27
10
67600.0000
72900.0000
100.0000
100.0000
2600.0000###
2700.0000###
### 28 78400.0000 100.0000 2800.0000###
### 29 84100.0000 100.0000 2900.0000###
### 30 90000.0000 100.0000 3000.0000###
10

Cum Fa
### 31 96100.0000 100.0000 3100.0000###
### 32 102400.0000 100.0000 3200.0000###
### 33 108900.0000 100.0000 3300.0000###
### 34 115600.0000 100.0000 3400.0000###
### 35 122500.0000 100.0000 3500.0000###
### 36 129600.0000 100.0000 3600.0000###
### 37 136900.0000 100.0000 3700.0000###
### 38 144400.0000 100.0000 3800.0000###
### 39 152100.0000 100.0000 3900.0000###
### 40 1
160000.0000
1 10
100.0000
100
4000.0000###
1000 10000
### 41 168100.0000 100.0000 4100.0000###
### 42 176400.0000 100.0000 4200.0000###
###
###
43
44
184900.0000
193600.0000
100.0000
100.0000
Cum Time
4300.0000###
4400.0000###
### 45 202500.0000 100.0000 4500.0000###
### 46 211600.0000 100.0000 4600.0000###
### 47 220900.0000 100.0000 4700.0000###
### 48 230400.0000 100.0000 4800.0000###
### 49 240100.0000 100.0000 4900.0000###
### 50 250000.0000 100.0000 5000.0000###
### 51 260100.0000 100.0000 5100.0000###
### 52 270400.0000 100.0000 5200.0000###
### 53 280900.0000 100.0000 5300.0000###
### 54 291600.0000 100.0000 5400.0000###
### 55 302500.0000 100.0000 5500.0000###
### 56 313600.0000 100.0000 5600.0000###
### 57 324900.0000 100.0000 5700.0000###
### 58 336400.0000 100.0000 5800.0000###
### 59 348100.0000 100.0000 5900.0000###
### 60 360000.0000 100.0000 6000.0000###
### 61 372100.0000 100.0000 6100.0000###
### 62 384400.0000 100.0000 6200.0000###
### 63 396900.0000 100.0000 6300.0000###
### 64 409600.0000 100.0000 6400.0000###
### 65 422500.0000 100.0000 6500.0000###
### 66 435600.0000 100.0000 6600.0000###
### 67 448900.0000 100.0000 6700.0000###
### 68 462400.0000 100.0000 6800.0000###
### 69 476100.0000 100.0000 6900.0000###
### 70 490000.0000 100.0000 7000.0000###
### 71 504100.0000 100.0000 7100.0000###
### 72 518400.0000 100.0000 7200.0000###
### 73 532900.0000 100.0000 7300.0000###
### 74 547600.0000 100.0000 7400.0000###
### 75 562500.0000 100.0000 7500.0000###
### 76 577600.0000 100.0000 7600.0000###
### 77 592900.0000 100.0000 7700.0000###
### 78 608400.0000 100.0000 7800.0000###
### 79 624100.0000 100.0000 7900.0000###
### 80 640000.0000 100.0000 8000.0000###
### 81 656100.0000 100.0000 8100.0000###
### 82 672400.0000 100.0000 8200.0000###
### 83 688900.0000 100.0000 8300.0000###
### 84 705600.0000 100.0000 8400.0000###
### 85 722500.0000 100.0000 8500.0000###
### 86 739600.0000 100.0000 8600.0000###
### 87 756900.0000 100.0000 8700.0000###
### 88 774400.0000 100.0000 8800.0000###
### 89 792100.0000 100.0000 8900.0000###
### 90 810000.0000 100.0000 9000.0000###
### 91 828100.0000 100.0000 9100.0000###
### 92 846400.0000 100.0000 9200.0000###
### 93 864900.0000 100.0000 9300.0000###
### 94 883600.0000 100.0000 9400.0000###
### 95 902500.0000 100.0000 9500.0000###
### 96 921600.0000 100.0000 9600.0000###
### 97 940900.0000 100.0000 9700.0000###
### 98 960400.0000 100.0000 9800.0000###
### 99 980100.0000 100.0000 9900.0000###
### 100 1000000.0000 100.0000 10000.0000###
/l)^(1/b)
Results Same As For WinSMITH Visual
Beta & Lambda For Crow/AMSAA
Beta Lambda R^2
Rank regression--> 0.523625665 0.08684721 0.975355226
MLE-MIL-HDBK-189--> 0.518078386 0.08968906
MLE-IEC 1164--> 0.507716818 0.10320118
Random Time Simulation X-Data Calculated Values

One-
One-
column
column
plot data
Random plot data
Sort for WSV
Simulation One-column for WSV
Column M with
Cum Time plot data for with
cum time for precise RR MLE-189
Compressed WSV with precise
monotonic data for
or Stretched random data data for
increase beta=0.5
For Beta =0.5 beta=1
and
and thru
lamda=0.
first point
1
478.0228 6 478.0228 478.022841 478.0228*1 100*1 0*1 106.34642 105.05884
7 1657.359408 1657.35941 1657.3594*2 400*2 0*2 399.5934 400.39039
7 1685.606689 1685.60669 1685.6067*3 900*3 0*3 866.78336 875.74311
7 1709.024986 1709.02499 1709.025*4 1600*4 0*4 1501.4598 1525.9303
8 2004.129886 2004.12989 2004.1299*5 2500*5 0*5 2299.2633 2347.4231
8 3263.421648 3263.42165 3263.4216*6 3600*6 0*6 3256.9117 3337.5501
8 3603.015616 3603.01562 3603.0156*7 4900*7 0*7 4371.7807 4494.1663
8 3852.730923 3852.73092 3852.7309*8 6400*8 0*8 5641.689 5815.4827

A Plot-NIST Method 8
8
3927.766155
4566.011225
3927.76616 3927.7662*9 8100*9
4566.01123 4566.0112*10 10000*10
0*9
0*10
7064.7736
8639.4109
7299.9666
8946.2788
9 5824.438911 5824.43891 5824.4389*11 12100*11 0*11 10364.164 10753.232
9 7871.976074 7871.97607 7871.9761*12 14400*12 0*12 12237.745 12719.758
9 9621.639846 9621.63985 9621.6398*13 16900*13 0*13 14258.989 14844.891
To 9
9
10086.49717
11748.74657
10086.497210086.4972*14 19600*14
11748.746611748.7466*15 22500*15
0*14
0*15
16426.831
18740.294
17127.746
19567.508
9 12478.48897 12478.489 12478.489*16 25600*16 0*16 21198.472 22163.423
### 17617.47164 17617.471617617.4716*17 28900*17 0*17 23800.526 24914.789
### 20927.75045 20927.750420927.7504*18 32400*18 0*18 26545.668 27820.949
### 31212.46381 31212.463831212.4638*19 36100*19 0*19 29433.164 30881.286
### 39438.28187 39438.281939438.2819*20 40000*20 0*20 32462.319 34095.22
### 42914.37238 42914.372442914.3724*21 44100*21 0*21 35632.48 37462.201
### 43152.59586 43152.595943152.5959*22 48400*22 0*22 38943.026 40981.708
### 44862.72736 44862.727444862.7274*23 52900*23 0*23 42393.369 44653.249
### 47878.94393 47878.943947878.9439*24 57600*24 0*24 45982.949 48476.35
### 48097.70706 48097.707148097.7071*25 62500*25 0*25 49711.233 52450.563
### 48258.99525 48258.995248258.9952*26 67600*26 0*26 53577.71 56575.457
### 53526.3216 53526.321653526.3216*27 72900*27 0*27 57581.891 60850.621
### 56641.61189 56641.611956641.6119*28 78400*28 0*28 61723.31 65275.659
### 61774.41905 61774.419 61774.419*29 84100*29 0*29 66001.515 69850.191
### 67068.68863 67068.688667068.6886*30 90000*30 0*30 70416.074 74573.851
### 74900.00209 74900.002174900.0021*31 96100*31 0*31 74966.571 79446.288
### 78882.03132 78882.031378882.0313*32102400*32 0*32 79652.604 84467.16
### 82133.67737 82133.677482133.6774*33108900*33 0*33 84473.785 89636.139
### 84701.98033 84701.980384701.9803*34115600*34 0*34 89429.739 94952.908
### 85793.9373 85793.937385793.9373*35122500*35 0*35 94520.104 100417.16
### 92474.20385 92474.203992474.2039*36129600*36 0*36 99744.529 106028.59
### 93182.31634 93182.316393182.3163*37136900*37 0*37 105102.67 111786.92
### 93429.80658 93429.806693429.8066*38144400*38 0*38 110594.2 117691.86
### 117685.5082 117685.508117685.5082*39152100*39 0*39 116218.81 123743.15
### 118936.4857 118936.486118936.4857*40160000*40 0*40 121976.16 129940.51
0 10000
### 100000
121212.8722 1000000
121212.872121212.8722*41168100*41 10000000
0*41 127866 136283.68
### 127767.4921 127767.492127767.4921*42176400*42 0*42 133887.94 142772.43
Cum Time ###
###
130043.3298 130043.33130043.3298*43184900*43
139338.5536 139338.554139338.5536*44193600*44
0*43
0*44
140041.78
146327.22
149406.5
156185.65
### 152770.0818 152770.082152770.0818*45202500*45 0*45 152744 163109.65
### 155992.655 155992.655155992.655*46211600*46 0*46 159291.77 170178.28
### 164201.2684 164201.268164201.2684*47220900*47 0*47 165970.37 177391.31
### 166004.828 166004.828166004.828*48230400*48 0*48 172779.51 184748.52
### 175196.4367 175196.437175196.4367*49240100*49 0*49 179718.94 192249.71
### 187342.7649 187342.765187342.7649*50250000*50 0*50 186788.42 199894.67
### 202948.5072 202948.507202948.5072*51260100*51 0*51 193987.71 207683.19
### 208722.51 208722.51 208722.51*52 270400*52 0*52 201316.59 215615.08
### 227300.281 227300.281227300.281*53280900*53 0*53 208774.82 223690.14
### 234017.3877 234017.388234017.3877*54291600*54 0*54 216362.18 231908.18
### 234695.6237 234695.624234695.6237*55302500*55 0*55 224078.45 240269
### 235433.5608 235433.561235433.5608*56313600*56 0*56 231923.43 248772.47
### 240269.5431 240269.543240269.5431*57324900*57 0*57 239896.9 257418.36
### 261959.2204 261959.22261959.2204*58336400*58 0*58 247998.65 266206.5
### 266121.3649 266121.365266121.3649*59348100*59 0*59 256228.49 275136.73
### 274311.1531 274311.153274311.1531*60360000*60 0*60 264586.22 284208.87
### 274724.8106 274724.811274724.8106*61372100*61 0*61 273071.65 293422.77
### 282981.9279 282981.928282981.9279*62384400*62 0*62 281684.57 302778.25
### 339543.2722 339543.272339543.2722*63396900*63 0*63 290424.82 312275.15
### 345002.6153 345002.615345002.6153*64409600*64 0*64 299292.2 321913.32
### 347770.7509 347770.751347770.7509*65422500*65 0*65 308286.53 331692.61
### 347911.7642 347911.764347911.7642*66435600*66 0*66 317407.64 341612.85
### 348474.2179 348474.218348474.2179*67448900*67 0*67 326655.35 351673.91
### 352792.1431 352792.143352792.1431*68462400*68 0*68 336029.48 361875.62
### 360556.3483 360556.348360556.3483*69476100*69 0*69 345529.88 372217.86
### 368364.0923 368364.092368364.0923*70490000*70 0*70 355156.37 382700.46
### 377886.9021 377886.902377886.9021*71504100*71 0*71 364908.79 393323.3
### 386329.8659 386329.866386329.8659*72518400*72 0*72 374787 404086.23
### 394804.2848 394804.285394804.2848*73532900*73 0*73 384790.79 414989.12
### 414579.7998 414579.8414579.7998*74547600*74 0*74 394920 426031.83
### 415231.3563 415231.356415231.3563*75562500*75 0*75 405174.6 437214.24
### 424977.8225 424977.823424977.8225*76577600*76 0*76 415554.31 448536.2
### 429709.14 429709.14 429709.14*77 592900*77 0*77 426059 459997.59
### 451782.1335 451782.134451782.1335*78608400*78 0*78 436688.57 471598.28
### 455453.3319 455453.332455453.3319*79624100*79 0*79 447442.83 483338.15
### 477562.7677 477562.768477562.7677*80640000*80 0*80 458321.66 495217.08
### 478901.8022 478901.802478901.8022*81656100*81 0*81 469324.91 507234.93
### 481870.3346 481870.335481870.3346*82672400*82 0*82 480452.44 519391.6
### 484754.1482 484754.148484754.1482*83688900*83 0*83 491704.12 531687
### 490709.3963 490709.396490709.3963*84705600*84 0*84 503079.81 544120.9
### 502915.4494 502915.449502915.4494*85722500*85 0*85 514579.37 556693.29
### 522999.6094 522999.609522999.6094*86739600*86 0*86 526202.67 569404
### 549428.6893 549428.689549428.6893*87756900*87 0*87 537949.59 582253
### 550986.5297 550986.53550986.5297*88774400*88 0*88 549820 595240.1
### 557723.3082 557723.308557723.3082*89792100*89 0*89 561813.75 608365.2
### 584512.9639 584512.964584512.9639*90810000*90 0*90 573930.74 621628.21
### 600531.9097 600531.91600531.9097*91828100*91 0*91 586170.84 635029
### 630420.1423 630420.142630420.1423*92846400*92 0*92 598533.92 648567.5
### 638917.5582 638917.558638917.5582*93864900*93 0*93 611019.86 662243.57
### 709608.2929 709608.293709608.2929*94883600*94 0*94 623628.55 676057.12
### 720068.8593 720068.859720068.8593*95902500*95 0*95 636359.86 690008.05
### 722884.7999 722884.8722884.7999*96921600*96 0*96 649213.67 704096.25
### 738701.398 738701.398738701.398*97940900*97 0*97 662189.88 718321.63
### 750527.1584 750527.158750527.1584*98960400*98 0*98 675288.37 732684.09
### 761532.5671 761532.567761532.5671*99980100*99 0*99 688509 747183.52
### 761819.8314 761819.831
761819.8314*100
1000000*100 0*100 701851.72 761819.83
lculated Values

MLE-IEC-
1164

87.629132
343.20828
762.75916
1344.2096
2086.1289
2987.4227
4047.205
5264.7318
6639.3621
8170.5331
9857.7433
11700.54
13698.513
15851.284
18158.504
20619.85
23235.018
26003.727
28925.709
32000.712
35228.498
38608.84
42141.522
45826.34
49663.095
53651.6
57791.674
62083.143
66525.839
71119.601
75864.275
80759.708
85805.756
91002.279
96349.139
101846.2
107493.34
113290.44
119237.36
125334
131580.23
137975.94
144521
151215.39
158058.91
165051.5
172193
179483.45
186922.63
194510.49
202246.93
210131.87
218165.22
226346.88
234676.79
243154.85
251781
260555.12
269477.16
278547
287764.7
297130
306643
316303.49
326111.47
336066.85
346169.56
356419.55
366816.73
377361.06
388052.46
398890.86
409876.22
421008.46
432287.53
443713.36
455285.89
467005.08
478870.85
490883.16
503041.94
515347.15
527798.72
540396.61
553140.75
566031.11
579067.62
592250.23
605578.9
619053.57
632674.2
646440.73
660353.11
674411.31
688615.26
702964.93
717460.27
732101.23
746887.76
761819.83
Change As N(t) = l*tb t = (N(t)/l)^(1/b)
Needed

## R <--Choose Random ( R ) or Specific ( S ) First Data Point

<--If S Is Chosen, You May Select First Value >0 Rank regression-->
Lamda--> 0.1 0.01 MLE-MIL-HDBK-189-->
Beta--> 0.5 1.00 MLE-IEC 1164-->
Precise Solution Precise Time Simulation Random Time Simulation

## Datum: Cum Multiplier: If Time Time

Cum Time if
Time if beta=1 > 1, time is between between
beta=0.5
Failure # NOTE: Line stretched. If failure if beta cum time failure if beta
and lambda
goes thru first < 1, time is =1 for lambda =1 for
= 0.1
data point! shrunk = 0.1 lambda = 0.1

## ### 1 100.0000 100.0000 1.0000 100.0000 100.0000 78.9550

### 2 400.0000 200.0000 2.0000 100.0000 200.0000 38.9487
### 3 900.0000 300.0000 3.0000 100.0000 300.0000 436.9984
### 4 1600.0000 400.0000 4.0000 100.0000 400.0000 57.7280
### 5 2500.0000 500.0000 5.0000 100.0000 500.0000 77.5774
### 6 3600.0000 600.0000 6.0000 100.0000 600.0000 28.8103
### 7 4900.0000 700.0000 Crow/AMSAA Plot--Scaling Method
7.0000 100.0000 700.0000 19.3951
### 8 6400.0000 800.0000 8.0000 100.0000 800.0000 48.5933
### 9 8100.0000 900.0000 9.0000 100.0000 900.0000 45.3463
###
100
10 10000.0000 1000.0000 10.0000 100.0000 1000.0000 63.0235
### 11 ■
12100.0000 1100.0000
Random Data 11.0000 100.0000 1100.0000 26.1239
### 12 14400.0000
RR, 1200.0000 12.0000 100.0000 1200.0000 44.6449
### 13 16900.0000 1300.0000 13.0000 100.0000 1300.0000 41.9301
MLE,
### 14 19600.0000 1400.0000 14.0000 100.0000 1400.0000 78.8730
### 15
IEC-1164, 1500.0000
22500.0000 15.0000 100.0000 1500.0000 0.1482
Precise = Exact
Cum Failures

## ### 16 25600.0000 1600.0000 16.0000 100.0000 1600.0000 64.6823

### 17 Press F9 To1700.0000
28900.0000 Simulate 17.0000 100.0000 1700.0000 216.9632
### 18 32400.0000 1800.0000 18.0000 100.0000 1800.0000 66.5622
### 1910 36100.0000 1900.0000 19.0000 100.0000 1900.0000 14.1702
### 20 40000.0000 2000.0000 20.0000 100.0000 2000.0000 232.2490
### 21 44100.0000 2100.0000 21.0000 100.0000 2100.0000 163.4772
### 22 48400.0000 2200.0000 22.0000 100.0000 2200.0000 46.5842
### 23 52900.0000 2300.0000 23.0000 100.0000 2300.0000 53.0649
### 24 57600.0000 2400.0000 24.0000 100.0000 2400.0000 112.6378
### 25 62500.0000 2500.0000 25.0000 100.0000 2500.0000 72.2105
### 26 67600.0000 2600.0000 26.0000 100.0000 2600.0000 184.8738
### 27 72900.0000 2700.0000 27.0000 100.0000 2700.0000 278.0166
### 28 78400.0000 2800.0000 28.0000 100.0000 2800.0000 252.6079
### 29 1 84100.0000 2900.0000 29.0000 100.0000 2900.0000 19.8895
1 10 100 1000 10000 100
### 30 90000.0000 3000.0000 30.0000 100.0000 3000.0000 120.1158
### 31 96100.0000 3100.0000 31.0000 100.0000 3100.0000 57.4717
### 32 ### 3200.0000 32.0000 100.0000 Cum Time
3200.0000 40.8651
### 33 ### 3300.0000 33.0000 100.0000 3300.0000 55.1897
### 34 ### 3400.0000 34.0000 100.0000 3400.0000 2.2537
### 35 ### 3500.0000 35.0000 100.0000 3500.0000 19.7071
### 36 ### 3600.0000 36.0000 100.0000 3600.0000 9.5465
### 37 ### 3700.0000 37.0000 100.0000 3700.0000 22.0265
### 38 ### 3800.0000 38.0000 100.0000 3800.0000 36.5112
### 39 ### 3900.0000 39.0000 100.0000 3900.0000 34.2112
### 40 ### 4000.0000 40.0000 100.0000 4000.0000 99.2221
### 41 ### 4100.0000 41.0000 100.0000 4100.0000 267.3492
### 42 ### 4200.0000 42.0000 100.0000 4200.0000 6.9129
### 43 ### 4300.0000 43.0000 100.0000 4300.0000 41.1973
### 44 ### 4400.0000 44.0000 100.0000 4400.0000 59.3634
### 45 ### 4500.0000 45.0000 100.0000 4500.0000 48.8936
### 46 ### 4600.0000 46.0000 100.0000 4600.0000 80.2868
### 47 ### 4700.0000 47.0000 100.0000 4700.0000 83.5049
### 48 ### 4800.0000 48.0000 100.0000 4800.0000 2.2000
### 49 ### 4900.0000 49.0000 100.0000 4900.0000 10.7227
### 50 ### 5000.0000 50.0000 100.0000 5000.0000 157.9153
### 51 ### 5100.0000 51.0000 100.0000 5100.0000 11.6176
### 52 ### 5200.0000 52.0000 100.0000 5200.0000 73.3103
### 53 ### 5300.0000 53.0000 100.0000 5300.0000 3.9109
### 54 ### 5400.0000 54.0000 100.0000 5400.0000 98.2456
### 55 ### 5500.0000 55.0000 100.0000 5500.0000 7.4235
### 56 ### 5600.0000 56.0000 100.0000 5600.0000 136.4452
### 57 ### 5700.0000 57.0000 100.0000 5700.0000 47.1057
### 58 ### 5800.0000 58.0000 100.0000 5800.0000 17.2045
### 59 ### 5900.0000 59.0000 100.0000 5900.0000 195.9697
### 60 ### 6000.0000 60.0000 100.0000 6000.0000 123.9966
### 61 ### 6100.0000 61.0000 100.0000 6100.0000 139.1862
### 62 ### 6200.0000 62.0000 100.0000 6200.0000 95.7734
### 63 ### 6300.0000 63.0000 100.0000 6300.0000 311.2027
### 64 ### 6400.0000 64.0000 100.0000 6400.0000 307.4516
### 65 ### 6500.0000 65.0000 100.0000 6500.0000 37.8017
### 66 ### 6600.0000 66.0000 100.0000 6600.0000 34.9699
### 67 ### 6700.0000 67.0000 100.0000 6700.0000 65.3134
### 68 ### 6800.0000 68.0000 100.0000 6800.0000 183.7277
### 69 ### 6900.0000 69.0000 100.0000 6900.0000 19.6415
### 70 ### 7000.0000 70.0000 100.0000 7000.0000 223.8186
### 71 ### 7100.0000 71.0000 100.0000 7100.0000 9.8158
### 72 ### 7200.0000 72.0000 100.0000 7200.0000 103.9929
### 73 ### 7300.0000 73.0000 100.0000 7300.0000 30.8247
### 74 ### 7400.0000 74.0000 100.0000 7400.0000 284.2205
### 75 ### 7500.0000 75.0000 100.0000 7500.0000 206.7139
### 76 ### 7600.0000 76.0000 100.0000 7600.0000 194.4539
### 77 ### 7700.0000 77.0000 100.0000 7700.0000 49.3391
### 78 ### 7800.0000 78.0000 100.0000 7800.0000 61.9890
### 79 ### 7900.0000 79.0000 100.0000 7900.0000 85.4769
### 80 ### 8000.0000 80.0000 100.0000 8000.0000 61.3986
### 81 ### 8100.0000 81.0000 100.0000 8100.0000 11.3111
### 82 ### 8200.0000 82.0000 100.0000 8200.0000 10.5567
### 83 ### 8300.0000 83.0000 100.0000 8300.0000 191.3981
### 84 ### 8400.0000 84.0000 100.0000 8400.0000 7.4263
### 85 ### 8500.0000 85.0000 100.0000 8500.0000 20.4386
### 86 ### 8600.0000 86.0000 100.0000 8600.0000 236.7796
### 87 ### 8700.0000 87.0000 100.0000 8700.0000 89.9118
### 88 ### 8800.0000 88.0000 100.0000 8800.0000 17.1972
### 89 ### 8900.0000 89.0000 100.0000 8900.0000 31.1598
### 90 ### 9000.0000 90.0000 100.0000 9000.0000 78.5123
### 91 ### 9100.0000 91.0000 100.0000 9100.0000 10.6084
### 92 ### 9200.0000 92.0000 100.0000 9200.0000 22.7267
### 93 ### 9300.0000 93.0000 100.0000 9300.0000 5.6178
### 94 ### 9400.0000 94.0000 100.0000 9400.0000 510.8310
### 95 ### 9500.0000 95.0000 100.0000 9500.0000 38.7990
### 96 ### 9600.0000 96.0000 100.0000 9600.0000 1.6759
### 97 ### 9700.0000 97.0000 100.0000 9700.0000 260.9875
### 98 ### 9800.0000 98.0000 100.0000 9800.0000 35.9592
### 99 ### 9900.0000 99.0000 100.0000 9900.0000 389.6673
### 100 ### 10000.0000 100.0000 100.0000 10000.0000 264.8610
)^(1/b) This method works without producing data with "ski tips" in the data set--suggest you use the NIST method for s
Results Same As For WinSMITH Visual
Beta & Lambda For Crow/AMSAA
Beta Lambda R^2
Rank regression--> 0.504951786 0.10028586 0.994795133
MLE-MIL-HDBK-189--> 0.496345031 0.10744699
MLE-IEC 1164--> 0.48641813 0.12318856
Random Time Simulation X-Data
Sort One-column plot
Random Ln of cum
Random data for WSV with One-column
Simulation time from Ln of ratio
Cum Time random data plot data for
Cum Time random of times
for shown in plot & WSV with
cum time Compressed simulation For Beta
monotonic used for precise data for
or Stretched For Beta in in MLE-
increase-- calculations of beta=0.5 and
For Beta MIL- IEC-1164
(just in beta, lambda, & lamda=0.1
=0.5 HDBK-189
case!) R^2
78.9550 78.95498753 78.9549875 78.955*1 4.36887791 9.4037 100*1
117.9037 235.8073978 235.807398 235.8074*2 5.46301536 8.3095 400*2
554.9021 1664.706307 1664.70631 1664.7063*3 7.41740399 6.3551 900*3
612.6301 2450.520366 2450.52037 2450.5204*4 7.80405568 5.9685 1600*4
690.2075 3451.037412 3451.03741 3451.0374*5 8.14643016 5.6261 2500*5
719.0178 4314.106975 4314.10697 4314.107*6 8.36964562 5.4029 3600*6
g Method 738.4129 5168.890161 5168.89016 5168.8902*7 8.55041328 5.2221 4900*7
787.0062 6296.049317 6296.04932 6296.0493*8 8.74767762 5.0249 6400*8
832.3524 7491.171872 7491.17187 7491.1719*9 8.92148052 4.8511 8100*9
895.3760 8953.759616 8953.75962 8953.7596*10 9.09982879 4.6727 10000*10
921.4998 10136.49793 10136.4979 10136.4979*11 9.22389785 4.5486 12100*11
966.1447 11593.73617 11593.7362 11593.7362*12 9.35822025 4.4143 14400*12
1008.0748 13104.97209 13104.9721 13104.9721*13 9.48074699 4.2918 16900*13
1086.9478 15217.26919 15217.2692 15217.2692*14 9.63018619 4.1423 19600*14
1087.0960 16306.43983 16306.4398 16306.4398*15 9.69931539 4.0732 22500*15
1151.7783 18428.45337 18428.4534 18428.4534*16 9.82165113 3.9509 25600*16
1368.7415 23268.6063 23268.6063 23268.6063*17 10.0548604 3.7177 28900*17
1435.3037 25835.46714 25835.4671 25835.4671*18 10.1595035 3.6130 32400*18
1449.4739 27540.00504 27540.005 27540.005*19 10.223395 3.5491 36100*19
1681.7230 33634.45998 33634.46 33634.46*20 10.4233064 3.3492 40000*20
1845.2002 38749.20381 38749.2038 38749.2038*21 10.5648655 3.2077 44100*21
1891.7844 41619.25655 41619.2565 41619.2565*22 10.6363182 3.1362 48400*22
1944.8493 44731.53404 44731.534 44731.534*23 10.708434 3.0641 52900*23
2057.4871 49379.69026 49379.6903 49379.6903*24 10.8072945 2.9652 57600*24
2129.6976 53242.43949 53242.4395 53242.4395*25 10.8826111 2.8899 62500*25
2314.5714 60178.85608 60178.8561 60178.8561*26 11.0050763 2.7675 67600*26
2592.5880 69999.87577 69999.8758 69999.8758*27 11.1562487 2.6163 72900*27
2845.1959 79665.48615 79665.4861 79665.4861*28 11.2855917 2.4869 78400*28
2865.0854 83087.47726 83087.4773 83087.4773*29 11.3276493 2.4449 84100*29
10000 100000 1000000
2985.2012 89556.03694 89556.0369 89556.0369*30 11.4026198 2.3699 90000*30
3042.6729 94322.86093 94322.8609 94322.8609*31 11.4544789 2.3181 96100*31
3083.5380 98673.21642 98673.2164 98673.2164*32 11.4995688 2.2730 102400*32
3138.7277 103578.0141 103578.014 103578.0141*33 11.5480804 2.2245 108900*33
3140.9814 106793.3676 106793.368 106793.3676*34 11.5786511 2.1939 115600*34
3160.6885 110624.0973 110624.097 110624.0973*35 11.6138932 2.1586 122500*35
3170.2350 114128.4608 114128.461 114128.4608*36 11.6450799 2.1275 129600*36
3192.2616 118113.6775 118113.678 118113.6775*37 11.6794028 2.0931 136900*37
3228.7728 122693.3657 122693.366 122693.3657*38 11.7174436 2.0551 144400*38
3262.9840 127256.3756 127256.376 127256.3756*39 11.753959 2.0186 152100*39
3362.2061 134488.2432 134488.243 134488.2432*40 11.8092321 1.9633 160000*40
3629.5553 148811.767 148811.767 148811.767*41 11.9104375 1.8621 168100*41
3636.4682 152731.6658 152731.666 152731.6658*42 11.9364378 1.8361 176400*42
3677.6656 158139.6189 158139.619 158139.6189*43 11.9712336 1.8013 184900*43
3737.0289 164429.2735 164429.274 164429.2735*44 12.0102358 1.7623 193600*44
3785.9225 170366.5136 170366.514 170366.5136*45 12.0457074 1.7268 202500*45
3866.2093 177845.6281 177845.628 177845.6281*46 12.0886712 1.6839 211600*46
3949.7142 185636.566 185636.566 185636.566*47 12.1315461 1.6410 220900*47
3951.9141 189691.8787 189691.879 189691.8787*48 12.1531563 1.6194 230400*48
3962.6368 194169.2056 194169.206 194169.2056*49 12.1764853 1.5960 240100*49
4120.5521 206027.607 206027.607 206027.607*50 12.2357655 1.5368 250000*50
4132.1697 210740.6545 210740.654 210740.6545*51 12.2583835 1.5141 260100*51
4205.4800 218684.9594 218684.959 218684.9594*52 12.2953874 1.4771 270400*52
4209.3909 223097.7152 223097.715 223097.7152*53 12.3153651 1.4572 280900*53
4307.6365 232612.3701 232612.37 232612.3701*54 12.3571287 1.4154 291600*54
4315.0600 237328.3017 237328.302 237328.3017*55 12.3771997 1.3953 302500*55
4451.5052 249284.2933 249284.293 249284.2933*56 12.4263493 1.3462 313600*56
4498.6110 256420.8252 256420.825 256420.8252*57 12.4545752 1.3180 324900*57
4515.8155 261917.2969 261917.297 261917.2969*58 12.4757841 1.2967 336400*58
4711.7852 277995.3251 277995.325 277995.3251*59 12.5353596 1.2372 348100*59
4835.7818 290146.9063 290146.906 290146.9063*60 12.5781426 1.1944 360000*60
4974.9679 303473.0441 303473.044 303473.0441*61 12.6230481 1.1495 372100*61
5070.7413 314385.9627 314385.963 314385.9627*62 12.6583767 1.1142 384400*62
5381.9441 339062.4766 339062.477 339062.4766*63 12.7339397 1.0386 396900*63
5689.3957 364121.3246 364121.325 364121.3246*64 12.8052424 0.9673 409600*64
5727.1974 372267.8289 372267.829 372267.8289*65 12.8273688 0.9452 422500*65
5762.1673 380303.0407 380303.041 380303.0407*66 12.8487237 0.9238 435600*66
5827.4807 390441.209 390441.209 390441.209*67 12.8750327 0.8975 448900*67
6011.2084 408762.1732 408762.173 408762.1732*68 12.9208888 0.8516 462400*68
6030.8500 416128.6484 416128.648 416128.6484*69 12.9387497 0.8338 476100*69
6254.6686 437826.8023 437826.802 437826.8023*70 12.9895787 0.7830 490000*70
6264.4844 444778.3925 444778.392 444778.3925*71 13.0053314 0.7672 504100*71
6368.4773 458530.3679 458530.368 458530.3679*72 13.0357818 0.7368 518400*72
6399.3021 467149.0508 467149.051 467149.0508*73 13.0544037 0.7181 532900*73
6683.5225 494580.6676 494580.668 494580.6676*74 13.1114655 0.6611 547600*74
6890.2364 516767.7331 516767.733 516767.7331*75 13.1553488 0.6172 562500*75
7084.6903 538436.4653 538436.465 538436.4653*76 13.1964248 0.5761 577600*76
7134.0294 549320.2647 549320.265 549320.2647*77 13.2164369 0.5561 592900*77
7196.0184 561289.4381 561289.438 561289.4381*78 13.237992 0.5345 608400*78
7281.4953 575238.1312 575238.131 575238.1312*79 13.2625394 0.5100 624100*79
7342.8939 587431.5129 587431.513 587431.5129*80 13.2835149 0.4890 640000*80
7354.2050 595690.6066 595690.607 595690.6066*81 13.2974767 0.4751 656100*81
7364.7617 603910.4626 603910.463 603910.4626*82 13.3111812 0.4614 672400*82
7556.1599 627161.2681 627161.268 627161.2681*83 13.348959 0.4236 688900*83
7563.5862 635341.2392 635341.239 635341.2392*84 13.3619175 0.4106 705600*84
7584.0248 644642.1076 644642.108 644642.1076*85 13.3764506 0.3961 722500*85
7820.8044 672589.1768 672589.177 672589.1768*86 13.41889 0.3536 739600*86
7910.7162 688232.3054 688232.305 688232.3054*87 13.4418817 0.3307 756900*87
7927.9133 697656.3732 697656.373 697656.3732*88 13.455482 0.3171 774400*88
7959.0731 708357.5083 708357.508 708357.5083*89 13.4707042 0.3018 792100*89
8037.5854 723382.6851 723382.685 723382.6851*90 13.4916937 0.2808 810000*90
8048.1938 732385.6315 732385.632 732385.6315*91 13.5040625 0.2685 828100*91
8070.9204 742524.6785 742524.679 742524.6785*92 13.5178114 0.2547 846400*92
8076.5382 751118.0572 751118.057 751118.0572*93 13.5293181 0.2432 864900*93
8587.3693 807212.7099 807212.71 807212.7099*94 13.6013425 0.1712 883600*94
8626.1683 819485.9844 819485.984 819485.9844*95 13.6164326 0.1561 902500*95
8627.8442 828273.0436 828273.044 828273.0436*96 13.6270981 0.1454 921600*96
8888.8317 862216.6774 862216.677 862216.6774*97 13.6672619 0.1053 940900*97
8924.7910 874629.5136 874629.514 874629.5136*98 13.6815557 0.0910 960400*98
9314.4582 922131.3636 922131.364 922131.3636*99 13.734443 0.0381 980100*99
9579.3192 957931.9182 957931.918 957931.9182*100 13.772532 0.0000 1000000*100
est you use the NIST method for simplicity

## Calculated Values For Trend Lines

One-column
plot data for
WSV with Rank MLE-IEC-
MLE-189
precise data Regression 1164
for beta=1 and
thru first point

## 100*1 95.0456032 89.511653 74.070589

200*2 375.048946 361.7204 307.97583
300*3 837.176069 818.74546 708.81495
400*4 1479.93918 1461.7275 1280.5233
500*5 2302.30685 2291.4674 2025.9064
600*6 3303.48792 3308.5852 2947.16
700*7 4482.84044 4513.5875 4046.0933
800*8 5839.82435 5906.903 5324.2484
900*9 7373.97363 7488.9035 6782.9707
1000*10 9084.8785 9259.9173 8423.4543
1100*11 10972.1734 11220.239 10246.774
1200*12 13035.5284 13370.134 12253.906
1300*13 15274.643 15709.846 14445.748
1400*14 17689.241 18239.599 16823.127
1500*15 20279.0675 20959.601 19386.814
1600*16 23043.8852 23870.046 22137.529
1700*17 25983.4726 26971.115 25075.947
1800*18 29097.622 30262.977 28202.706
1900*19 32386.1376 33745.795 31518.407
2000*20 35848.8346 37419.72 35023.622
2100*21 39485.5376 41284.896 38718.896
2200*22 43296.0804 45341.461 42604.746
2300*23 47280.3041 49589.547 46681.669
2400*24 51438.0575 54029.278 50950.14
2500*25 55769.1956 58660.776 55410.615
2600*26 60273.5797 63484.155 60063.532
2700*27 64951.0766 68499.525 64909.313
2800*28 69801.5581 73706.995 69948.365
2900*29 74824.9009 79106.667 75181.081
3000*30 80020.9859 84698.64 80607.842
3100*31 85389.6985 90483.011 86229.014
3200*32 90930.9274 96459.872 92044.954
3300*33 96644.5654 102629.31 98056.009
3400*34 102530.508 108991.42 104262.51
3500*35 108588.656 115546.28 110664.79
3600*36 114818.909 122293.98 117263.17
3700*37 121221.174 129234.59 124057.94
3800*38 127795.357 136368.19 131049.42
3900*39 134541.369 143694.86 138237.89
4000*40 141459.122 151214.68 145623.64
4100*41 148548.532 158927.71 153206.96
4200*42 155809.514 166834.02 160988.11
4300*43 163241.989 174933.69 168967.36
4400*44 170845.876 183226.77 177144.97
4500*45 178621.098 191713.35 185521.19
4600*46 186567.58 200393.47 194096.28
4700*47 194685.249 209267.2 202870.48
4800*48 202974.031 218334.61 211844.03
4900*49 211433.857 227595.75 221017.15
5000*50 220064.657 237050.69 230390.1
5100*51 228866.363 246699.48 239963.08
5200*52 237838.909 256542.17 249736.32
5300*53 246982.23 266578.82 259710.03
5400*54 256296.262 276809.5 269884.44
5500*55 265780.943 287234.24 280259.75
5600*56 275436.211 297853.1 290836.16
5700*57 285262.006 308666.14 301613.88
5800*58 295258.268 319673.41 312593.11
5900*59 305424.94 330874.95 323774.04
6000*60 315761.965 342270.81 335156.87
6100*61 326269.286 353861.04 346741.79
6200*62 336946.848 365645.7 358528.97
6300*63 347794.597 377624.81 370518.61
6400*64 358812.479 389798.44 382710.89
6500*65 370000.442 402166.63 395105.99
6600*66 381358.434 414729.42 407704.07
6700*67 392886.404 427486.85 420505.32
6800*68 404584.303 440438.97 433509.91
6900*69 416452.08 453585.82 446717.99
7000*70 428489.687 466927.44 460129.75
7100*71 440697.077 480463.88 473745.34
7200*72 453074.201 494195.17 487564.92
7300*73 465621.014 508121.35 501588.66
7400*74 478337.47 522242.47 515816.71
7500*75 491223.522 536558.56 530249.22
7600*76 504279.127 551069.67 544886.36
7700*77 517504.241 565775.82 559728.26
7800*78 530898.82 580677.06 574775.09
7900*79 544462.821 595773.42 590026.98
8000*80 558196.202 611064.95 605484.09
8100*81 572098.921 626551.67 621146.55
8200*82 586170.937 642233.62 637014.52
8300*83 600412.209 658110.85 653088.13
8400*84 614822.697 674183.37 669367.52
8500*85 629402.361 690451.23 685852.83
8600*86 644151.162 706914.47 702544.2
8700*87 659069.061 723573.11 719441.75
8800*88 674156.02 740427.18 736545.63
8900*89 689412 757476.73 753855.96
9000*90 704836.965 774721.78 771372.87
9100*91 720430.877 792162.37 789096.5
9200*92 736193.7 809798.53 807026.97
9300*93 752125.398 827630.28 825164.41
9400*94 768225.934 845657.67 843508.94
9500*95 784495.274 863880.71 862060.69
9600*96 800933.382 882299.45 880819.78
9700*97 817540.224 900913.91 899786.32
9800*98 834315.765 919724.12 918960.45
9900*99 851259.971 938730.12 938342.28
10000*100 868372.809 957931.92 957931.92