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afn'jf6f/afn'jf6f/afn'jf6f/afn'jf6f/afn'jf6f/ 3]/]sf]3]/]sf]3]/]sf]3]/]sf]3]/]sf] b]lvG5b]lvG5b]lvG5b]lvG5b]lvG5
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k]6«f]lnod kbfy{9'jfgL 7Kk kfg]{r]tfjgL

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tfn'kgsf] :yfoL ;dfwfg Û

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3
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@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/

 
@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/    
 

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cf]nL,cfTdfZnf3f/aN8\ofªvf“b}anzfnL;/sf/

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kfP . t/ @)&% kmfu'gdf bf];|f] sfo{sfnsf nflu k|wfgdGqLsf] lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfn]otf eg]cf]nLdf st} g st}bDe, cx+sf/ / d g}/fHo x"F eGg] e|d ljsf; ePsf] b]lvG5 . cfˆg}bnleqsf lj/f]wLnfO{ xf];\jf c? bnnfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0fdf pgL k6s– k6s ljjfbsf] 3]/fdf tflgPsf 5g\ . olx cj:yf / dgf]j[lQ @)^$ sf] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgaf6 7"nf] bn ag]kl5 k'iksdn bfxfn / pgsf] kf6L{ dfcf]jfbLdf b]lvPsf]lyof]. cf]nL clxn] ;a}eGbf a9L ?i6 g]kfnsf ;~rf/dfWod;Fu ePsf] pgsf] af/Daf/sf] cleJolQmn] b]vfpg yfn]sf]5 . ;/sf/n];+ljwfg, ljlw / k/Dk/fnfO{ nTofpFb} b'O{ ltxfO{sf]andf nfb\g vf]h]sf sltko lg0f{ox? ljjflbt ag]sf 5g\. To:tf lg0f{o ljjflbt ag]sf dfq geO{ ;/sf/n] lkmtf{ g} klg lng' k/]sf] 5 . o:tf] x'g'df g]kfnL ;~rf/dfWodsf]bf]if /x]sf]k|wfgdGqL cf]nL / pgsf] cf;]kf;]nfO{ nfUg yfn]sf]5 . cfnf]rgf gkrfpg]z}nL b]lvg yfn]sf]5 . b'O{ltxfO{sf]zlQm ePsf] ;/sf/n] NofPsf] ljifonfO{ cj1f ug]{ < xfdLnfO{l;sfpg vf]Hg] eGg]h:tf k|j[lQn]clxn]l;+xb/jf/ / afn'jf6f/ 3]/]sf]b]lvG5 . lglZrt sf]6/LeGbf aflx/ lg:s]/ s'/f / ;'emfj g;'Gbfsf kl/0ffd b'O{ltxfO{sf] zlQmdf ePsf];/sf/ Pskl5 csf]{ ub}{ kl5 x6\g afWo x'g yfn]sf]5 . cfkm}n] k|:tfj u/]sf ljw]os / lg0f{ox? lkmtf{ lng'kg]{ cj:yfdf k'u]sf]5 . lgodgsf/L /fHosf];f6f] ;/sf/ lgoGq0fd'vL /fHo agfpg nDs]sf] cfefif x'g yfn]sf] 5 . csf{tkm{hltklg ljw]osx? ;+;bdf k'u]sf 5g\ jf k'¥ofOFb} 5g\ To;df ;/f]sf/jfnf;Fu 5nkmn gul/Psf], s;}n]yfxf kfpFnf ls eGg]z}nLn] ckf/bzL{ sfd ePsf] cf/f]k klg nflu/x]sf]5 . sxf“sxf“sxf“sxf“sxf“ sxf“sxf“sxf“sxf“sxf“ r'Sof]r'Sof]r'Sof]r'Sof]r'Sof] ;/sf/;/sf/;/sf/;/sf/;/sf/ <<<<< lsglsglsglsglsg x'g'x'g'x'g'x'g'x'g' k¥of]k¥of]k¥of]k¥of]k¥of] lkmtf{lkmtf{lkmtf{lkmtf{lkmtf{ <<<<< u'7Lu'7Lu'7Lu'7Lu'7L ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os b]ze/ /x]sf u'7LnfO{ Jojl:yt ug]{eGb};/sf/n];/f]sf/jfnf;Fu s'g} 5nkmn g} gu/L ;+;bdf ljw]os nUof]. t/ o; ljw]ossf];/f]sf/jfnf ;a}n] lj/f]w u/]. u'7L ljw]osn] ;f+:s[lts cf:yfd}k|xf/ u/]sf]7fg]kl5 sf7df8f}F dfq geO{ b]zsf ljleGg :yfgdf ePsf] lj/f]wsf] ;fdgf ;/sf/n]ug{'kof]{ . kl/0ffd ljw]os g}lkmtf{lng ;/sf/ afWo ePsf]5 . /fxbfgL/fxbfgL/fxbfgL/fxbfgL/fxbfgL ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os o:t} csf]{ pbfx/0f ag]sf] 5, /fxbfgL;DalGw ljw]os . ;+3Lo ;+;baf6 kfl/t eO{ k|df0fLs/0fsf nflu /fi6«klt sfof{nodf k'u]sf]o; ljw]osdf JolQmsf]JolQmut :jtqtf s'l07t ug]{ k|fjwfg /x]s} sf/0f /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/Ln] ;+;bd} lkmtf{ k7fOlbPsL l5g\ . b'O{ ltxfO{lgs6sf] ;+;bn] agfP/ /fi6«klt;dIf k|df0fLs/0fs} nflu k'¥ofO ;lsPsf]ljw]os lkmtf{lng'n] s];Gb]z hfG5 < ldl8ofldl8ofldl8ofldl8ofldl8of sfplG;nsfplG;nsfplG;nsfplG;nsfplG;n ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os o;}u/L ldl8of sfplG;n

eGb}s6"l6Kk0fL ub}{lxFl8/x]sf 5g\. dfgjclwsf/dfgjclwsf/dfgjclwsf/dfgjclwsf/dfgjclwsf/ cfof]ucfof]ucfof]ucfof]ucfof]u ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os dfgjclwsf/ ljw]osdf p;}u/L ;/sf/n];"F9 k;f/]sf]5 . cfof]usf] If]qlwsf/;d]t s6f}lt ub}{ dxfGofoflwjQmf dftxtsf] Pp6f zfvfsf ?kdf kl/0ft ug{ vf]h]sf] cf]/f]k ;/sf/dfly nfu]sf] 5 . gful/s ;dfhb]lv cfof]usf k"j{ cWoIfx?;d]tn] of] ;+j}wflgs :jfoQtf v'DRofpg]rfnafhL xf]eGb} cfklQ hgfPsf 5g\. ;/sf/sf dGqL sdhf]/L eP ;Rofpg]t atfpFb}5g\ t/ cfof]u cWoIfnfO{ wDofpg klg kl5 k/]sf 5}gg\. lzIff;DalGwlzIff;DalGwlzIff;DalGwlzIff;DalGwlzIff;DalGw ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os k|fl1s :jtGqtfdfly x:tIf]k ug]{ u/L lzIff ljw]os NofOPsf] eGb} lqe'jg ljZjljBfnosf k"j{ pks'nkltx?n];+o'Qm ?kd}cfnf]rgf ul/;s]sf 5g\. of]ljw]os ;/sf/n] NofPs}:j?kdf kfl/t ePsf d'n'sdf z}lIfs ljs[lt dfq y'lk|g]pgLx?sf] lgisif{ 5 . ;'/Iff;'/Iff;'/Iff;'/Iff;'/Iff kl/ifbkl/ifbkl/ifbkl/ifbkl/ifb ljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]osljw]os ;'/Iff kl/ifb;lDaGw ljw]osdf ljz]if Joj:yf u/L ;]gf kl/rfngsf] Psn clwsf/ k|wfgdGqLdf /fVg k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . h;sf] rsf]{ cfnf]rgf ePsf]5 . o;n]k|wfgdGqL lg/+s'z af6f]df nDsg vf]h]sf] eGb} ;+;bleq / aflx/ cfnf]rgf ePsf]5 . oftfoftdf l;l08s]6 cGTosf] xf}jf, 6fo 6fo lkm:; Û cf]nLn]sfo{sfnsf]z'?jft ub}{ oftfoft If]qdf /x]sf]l;l08s]6 tf]8\g] eGb}lg0f{o u/]. hgtfaf6 jfxjfxL klg kfP . t/ Tof] lg0f{o s]xL oftfoft ?6df yk uf8L rnfpg lbg]eGbf a9Ldf hfg ;s]g . a? dGqL g} l;l08s]6lj?4 plqPsf] cf/f]k nfUof] . pgn] ;ldltsf /f]Ssf /flvPsf vftfx? g} vf]lnlbP . ;fj{hlgs oftfoftsf @(@ ;ldltdf cfwf klg sDkgLdf btf{ x'g uPsf

5}gg\.

k/]kl5 cf]nLsf];a}k|lt gsf/fTds wf/0ff ljsf; ePsf]lyof]. t/ 8f= s];Ln] p7fPsf ;a} dfu ;Daf]wg ug]{ ;Demf}tf eg] kl5Nnf] k6s k|wfgdGqL ePsf a]nf pg}n]u/]sf lyP . t/ cfkm}n]u/]sf];Demf}tf;d]t kfngf gu/L ;+;baf6 ljw]os kfl/t ug{ vf]lhPkl5 8f= s];L km]l/ cgzgdf a;]sf lyP . o;n]pgsf] af]nL / Jojxf/df /x]sf] cGt/nfO{ hgtfn] a'‰g kfP . Tolta]nf ldl8ofn]8f= s];LnfO{lbPsf];fyk|lt klg ;/sf/ ?i6 ag]sf]lyof]. cem ;/sf/n]df;L{ eftsf]laDa ag]sf] g]skf lgs6 Jofkf/Lsf] d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ cg'dlt lbg vf]h]kl5 cfnf]rgf tLa|eof]. b08xLgb08xLgb08xLgb08xLgb08xLg ;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs ;+:yf;+:yf;+:yf;+:yf;+:yf ///// clwsf/Lx?clwsf/Lx?clwsf/Lx?clwsf/Lx?clwsf/Lx? d'n'sdf c/fhstf oltlj£g 5 ls hxfF h;n]h]u/]klg x'G5 eGg] k|j[lQ a9]sf]5 . o;sf nflu jt{dfg ;/sf/ dfq sf/s kSs} 5}g . of] nfdf] ;dob]lv ul/Psf] /fhgLtLs/0f / b08xLgtfsf];d"n ?k xf]. hgtfn] lt/]sf] s/af6 kflng] o:tf ;+:yf / ltgsf clwsf/Lx?sf /j}of x]bf{ dWoo'uLg sfof{nox? h:tf b]lvG5g\. Gofo lbg]GofofwLz 3";sf08df d'l5G5 . p;nfO{ sfjf{xL ul/Gg a? /fhLgfdf u/fP/ pGd'lQm lbOG5 . lzIff/:jf:Yo If]qsf]lgodgsf/Lsf] lhDdf kfPsfx? lghL ;~rfnsx?;Fu ;fF7ufF7 u/]/ ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfx?nfO{lgsDdf kfg{ nfU5g\, sfjf{xL x'Gg . ljZjljBfnosf kbflwsf/Lx? ;DaGwgsf gfddf /sd ;f]xf]g{ Jo:t 5g\. k/LIffsf] l/hN6;Dddf k};f vfP/ uf]N8 d]8lni6sf] gfd lgsfN5g\. k/LIff kl/0ffddf cg'QL0f{nfO{pQL0f{/ gDa/ yk]/ ;kmntfsf]l;+9L r9fpF5g\. clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u ljs[ltsf] h/fdf k'Ub}g . xhf/sf]3"; kqm]/ k|rf/ ub}{df Jo:t 5 . bnLo sf]6fdf el/Psf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf clwsf/Lx?af6 hgtfn] s;/L Gofosf] cg'e"lt ug]{ < ;/sf/sf] d'lvof o:tf bL3{/f]u lgoGq0fdf kfOnf rfNg rfxGgg\. a? pN6}ToxL b08xLgtfsf]/fhdfu{df xft xNnfpgd} dUg 5g\. lylt a;fNb}gg\. lj/f]w u/]df cl3Nnfx?n] o:t}ubf{ cfnf]rgf ePg d}n] ubf{ lsg eg]/ wf/] xft nufpF5g\. e|i6frf/ / clgoldttfsf]ljifodf k|Zg ubf{k|ltkIfL bnsf g]tf;d]tsf] ;+nUgtf ePsf]ljifonfO{ NofOG5 / ;a}s'/f ;fd;'d kfg{ vf]lhG5 . ckTofl/nfckTofl/nfckTofl/nfckTofl/nfckTofl/nf x7n]x7n]x7n]x7n]x7n] u'Db}u'Db}u'Db}u'Db}u'Db} uPsf]uPsf]uPsf]uPsf]uPsf] ljZj;gLotfljZj;gLotfljZj;gLotfljZj;gLotfljZj;gLotf cf]nLn]cfkm'k|wfgdGqL ePkl5 d'n'saf6 w'nf]w'Fjf x6]sf], kfgL k/]sf], ds}/wfg/cfn' h:tf s[lifhGo pTkfbg a9]sf]h:tf ts{k6s k6s ul//x]sf 5g\. h'g dflg;nfO{;'Gbf klg xfF;f] p7\5g\. kfOknfOgaf6 efG;f–efG;fdf Uof; k'¥ofpg], g]kfnL kfgLhxfhaf6 ofqf ug{ lgdGq0ff afF8\g]h:tf ljifo Pskl5 csf]{ ub}{ xfF:o z[+vnf dfq ag]. o:t}xf]eg] lrlgofF b|"t ultsf] /]n csf]{ xfF:o ls:;f gaGnf eGg ;lsGg .

;fnb]vL xfn;Ddsf] o'4 / hgcfGbf]ngn] oxL s'/fsf] k'i6L ub{5 . hxfF c;dfgtf x'G5 ToxfF czflGt x'G5 hxfF k/flwgtf x'G5 ToxfFul/aL x'G5 . clg lab|f]x qmflGt clgafo{ x'g k'U5 . ha qmflGtn] lasf; u/]/ cfˆgf ;a}cjojx?nfO{ dha't 9+un]ljsf; u5{ Tolta]nf k'FhLjfbL rl/qwf/Lx? /fHosf]zQmL b'?kof]u u/]/ bdg g} ;dfwfgsf] lasNk /f]Hg] ub{5g . To;n] qmflGtnfO{;fk]lIfs xfgL k'¥ofP klg d'ne"t ?kdf ;xof]uL g}x'g]u/]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L bdgn]Aofks ?k lnG5 Tolta]nf qmfGtLsf/L larf/, g]t[Tj / sfo{lbzf ;du|If]qdf :yflkt x'G5, e};s]kl5 larf/af6 k/flht eP/ bdgsf/Lx?n]aftf{sf]xTs08f k|of]u ug]{ ub{5g . dfq} b]zn] 7'nf] Iflt Aoxf]/L ;s]sf]x'G5 . !) aif]{ dxfg hgo'4 o;}sf]HjfnGt pbfx/0f xf]. hlta]nf $) ;'qLo dfu /fVof]Tof] ;xh} k'/f ePsf] eP ^$ sf] :t/ sfod x'Fb}gYof]. dfq};fy{s aftf{ / a}1flgs lgisif{ gxF'bf qmflGt k|ltqmfGtLdf ablnPsf]lttf];Toaf6 eg] ;t{s /xg} k5{ . lo ;a} ;sf/fTds / gsf/fTds 36gfn]s] k'i6L u5{ eg] h'g p2]Zo ;lxt lab|f]x hlGdG5 Tof] p2]Zo gr'Db} cyjf cfwf/ gabnL pkl/;+/rgfdf kl/jt{g ;Dej xF'b}g . t;y{ jt{dfgdf rln/x]sf]qmflGt / e}/x]sf] bdg o;}sf]pkh xf]. o:sf]a:t'jfbL

cwf]utLsf] ;'?jftL logL 36gfqmdaf6 ePsf]5 . cfbz{;'vL g]kfnL / ;d[4 g]kfn Aoa;fo bdg, of]s'g}cgf}7f]/ a'‰g sl7g ;/sf/L kmf}hL /0fgLlt xf]O{g lg/+s'z hxfgLo /f0ff zf;gs} lg/Gt/tfsf] ?kdf cfPsf] 5 . ;lsG5 bdg w/ks6 ;lsb}g s[ltd cGt/lj/f]wsf];[hgf u/L la36g ;lsb}g nf]jk|nf]egaf6 vl/b laqmL of]s'g}gofFcjtf/ xf]O{g b]v]sf] / ef]u]sf] s'/f xf]. a? ;dflhs bnfnx?sf nfuL PsLs[t hgqmflGt kf] cGwfsf] nfuL xfQL ePsf] 5 . tyfkL snfTds k|lt/f]wsf]lasf;sf]h?/L b]lvG5 . ;zQm k|lt/f]w / hgck]Iff jt{dfg s]kL ;/sf/n] cfˆgf] hgla/f]wL rl/q 9fs5f]k ug{/ n'6sf] :ju{ arfpgsf nfuL lauts} lg/Gt/tfdf sDo'lgi6 kf6L{dfyL k|ltaGw nufpg] sfd uof]{ pQm k|ltaGwsf]3f]if0ffkl5 h'g ;kgf s]kL kmf;LFjfbL ;/sf/n]b]v]sf]lyof]cfh cfP/ unt ;fljt x'Fb}5 lsgsL k|ltaGwsf]rf}tkmL{cfnf]rgf / pQm sbd lj?4 gf/f 3lGsP g]skfdf emg hgnx/ pln{of];/sf/ / slyt hgk|ltlgwL afx]s s;}n];sf/fTds ?kdf lnPg, sbdsf] sxL st}af6 :jfut ePg a? la/f]w ;a{q eof] o;n] ;/sf/ / o;sf ;+rfnssf] ckl/kSjtf k'i6L x'G5 . b]zsf]dfof ug]{b]zeQm afdkGyL k|utLzLnx?sf] df]rf{ k]lrnf]aGb}hfg'n]kmf;LjfbL

nufotsf cGo l56km'6 36gf o;}sf] kl/0ftL xf]t/ hgtfn]cem}gk'u]sf] / g]skf w]/} ;xgzLn / b]z hgtfk|tL b]vfPsf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 cRrldt 5 w]/} w}o{ u/]sf] ?kdf a'em]sf] 5 . lemgf] dfqfdf aGb x8\tfn gu/]sf] eP x'GYof] aftf{ ;xdtLsf] af6f]af6 lgsf; eGg] cfof]. Tof]a'emfO{s}cefj xf]lsgsL ;+lawfgn] lbPsf df}lns clwsf/ dfyL k|ltaGw nufpg' eg]sf] c;+a}wflgs sfd u/ eGg'afx]ssf] s]g}xf]/< o:df /fHosf]bf]; jf lab|f]xL sf]< zflGtk'0f{ultljlwdfyL k|ltaGw nufpg'eg]sf]czflGt u/ eGg] cy{ nfUb}g / < zflGtk'0f{ tl/sfn] hgtfsf cfjfh p7fpbf Aojf:yf u/]adn];'gfpg'afWotf xf]. zflGtk'0f{;ef h'n'; wgf{la/f]w ug{ gkfpg]u/L k|ltaGw y'kfl/G5 eg]k|ltjfb ToxL 9+un]ug{'afWotf xf]o;sf]?k h:tf]klg x'g ;S5 . aGb x8\tfn tf]8kmf]8 / cfuhgLn] b]z ;d[l4 x'G5 eg]/ afWotf ga'emL ts{ubf{d'v{tf x'g hfG5 . hgtfsf] ck]Iff t w]/};xof]ca t ;xg'sf] klg t xb x'G5 . b]z n'l6;s]kf6L{n] l56f] sbd rfnf]; eGg] ck]Iff /fv]sf] 5 . lsgsL b]zsf] /Iff hgclwsf/sf] Uof/]06L ;lxtsf] a}1flgs ;dfhjfbsf] Ph]08f Tof] k|fKtLsf]a}1flgs sfo{lbzf af]s]sf] Ps dfq kf6L{ g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ xf]eGg]a'em]sf]5 .

lgd{nflgd{nflgd{nflgd{nflgd{nf kGtkGtkGtkGtkGt anfTsf/kl5anfTsf/kl5anfTsf/kl5anfTsf/kl5anfTsf/kl5 xTofxTofxTofxTofxTof

k|s/0fk|s/0fk|s/0fk|s/0fk|s/0f

s~rgk'/sL !# jifL{of aflnsf lgd{nf kGtsf]anfTsf/kl5 ul/Psf] xTof k|s/0f g]kfnL /fHo ;+/rgfsf] Pp6f ljs[t laDasf ?kdf /x]sf] 5 . clxn];Dd xTofdf ;+nUgnfO{ ;/sf/n] kqm]/ Gofosf] s73/fdf pEofpg ;s]sf]5}g . o;}ljifodf af/Daf/ k|Zg ubf{ lgn{Hh k|zf;g hjfkm lbg]eGbf pDsg]vf]lhdf dfq b]lvG5 . @)&% ;fpg !) ut] anfTsf/kl5 xTof ul/PsL kGtsf] Ps jif{x'gnfUbf;Dd klg ck/fwLsf af/]df ;'O{sf];Dd yfxf gkfpg'n]xfd|f] /fHo ;+/rgfsf]cj:yf b]vfpF5 . ;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs;fj{hlgs vl/bvl/bvl/bvl/bvl/b lgodfjnLsf]lgodfjnLsf]lgodfjnLsf]lgodfjnLsf]lgodfjnLsf] 5}7f}+5}7f}+5}7f}+5}7f}+5}7f}+ ;+zf]wg;+zf]wg;+zf]wg;+zf]wg;+zf]wg lgdf{0f If]qdf Joj;foLsf]dgk/L / c/fhstf lgoGq0f ug{ eGb} ;/sf/n]ut a}zfv #) df /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sflzt u/]/ ;fj{hlgs vl/b lgodfjnLsf]5}7f}+ ;+zf]wg u¥of]. t/ To;df /flvPsf ;Demf}tf cjlwsf] %) k|ltzteGbf a9L Dofb yKg gkfOg], e|i6frf/ cleof]udf d'2f bfo/ ePsf Joj;foLn] ;fj{hlgs 7]Ssfk§fdf efu lng gkfpg]h:tf Joj:yfsf]lgdf{0f Joj;foLn]lj/f]w

4
4
 
 
    @)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/  
 

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/

 

gf/LnfO{cf/If0f dfq xf]Og, ;Ifd agfcf}+

 

3/ d} a;]/ :gfts tyf :gftsf]Q/ ug]{ eP

 

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn v'nf ljZjljBfno Joj:yfkg tyf sfg'g ;+sfo 8Lgsf]

dLgfdLgfdLgfdLgfdLgf u'Ktfu'Ktfu'Ktfu'Ktfu'Ktf gf/L O{Zj/sf]cb\e't /rgf xf]. gf/LnfO{b]jLsf]k|tLs dflgPsf]5 . gf/L /rgfsf] vfgL xf]. gf/Ln] gf}+ dlxgf;Dd aRrfnfO{ cfˆgf] ue{df /flV5g\. gf+}dlxgf kZrft aRrfsf] hGd lblG5g\/ x'sf{pFl5g\. hGd / kfngkf]if0fsf] ;fy;fy} ;+:sf/n] cfˆgf] aRrfnfO{ >[Ëf/n] sfo{ klg ub{l5g\. cfˆgf]aRrfsf]v'zL x]bf{ k|;'tLsf]Joyf ;d]t la;{g]ul5{g\. ctM gf/Ln]o; ;+;f/df /rgf cyf{t ;[hgfsf]ef/ axg ul5{g\. To;sf/0f gf/L ;fRr}g}dxfg x'lG5g\. xfd|f]lkt[;QfTds jf k'¿if k|wfg ;dfhn] gf/Lsf] ;fx;, ;Ifdtf / of]ubfgnfO{ /lQe/ klg ;/fxgf u/]sf]kfOb}g . b'O{ rf/ gf/Ln]pRr kb xfl;n ub{}df ;Dk"0f{ gf/Lsf] kl/j]znfO{ cf}Nofpg ;lsGg . s]xL gf/Lx¿n] cfˆgf] ;xL d"Nofs+gsf] cfwf/df gfd / k|l;l4 sdfPsf 5g\ eGb}df ;Dk"0f{ gf/LnfO{ dfkg ug{ sbfkL ldNb}g . cem klg xfd|f] ;dfhdf gf/Lsf]cj:yf bogLo 5 . xfd|f];dfh gf/L lx+;fn]u|l;t 5 . gf/Ln] kfpg] clwsf/ / ;Ddfgdf cem klg sdL sdhf]/Lx¿ 5g\. dlxnf cf/If0f lbFb}df gf/LnfO{ d"n k|jfxdf ;dfj]zLs/0f ug{ ;lsGg . s]xLnfO{ ;lsPnf t/ ;Dk"0f{nfO{sbfkL xf]Og . dlxnfnfO{ cf/If0f xf]Og, cj;/ rflxG5 . dlxnf k'¿ifeGbf sd Ifdtfjfg x'Fb}gg\. dlxnfnfO{cf/If0fdf dfq ;Lldt ug'{ eg]sf]dlxnfleqsf]IfdtfnfO{phfu/ gug'{ xf]. dlxnfO{ cf/If0fsf];f6f] cfTdlge{/ agfpg]lt/ vfnsf

of]hgfx¿ Nofpg'k5{ . 3/sf] sfdsf] af]em, aRrfsf] kfngkf]if0fsf] lhDd]jf/L, 3/fo;L ;d:of cflb OTofbLsf]af]em x'Fbfx'Fb} klg gf/Ln]EofP;Dd cu|tf xfl;n ug{] sf]lz;df nflu /x]s}l5g\. t/ klg p;}nfO{kfvf nufpg]k|j[lQ a9\bf] 5 . olb o:tf]gePsf]eP k6s k6s gf/L lx+;fsf 36gfx¿ bf]xf]l/g]lyPg xf]nf . slxn] anfTsf/ t slxn] d/Ggf;Gg x'g]ul/ s'6lk6, slxn]lhpFb} hnfpg]k|of;x¿ eO/x]sf 5g\. jL/uGhdf ;'lgtf ofbjnfO{pgs} >Ldfg 8f=;lrtfgGbn] d/Ggf;Gg x'g]ul/ s'6lk6 ug'{ / c:ktfndf d[To"x'g'tyf l;/xfsf]sNof0fk'/df s+rg d08nnfO{lhpFb}hnfP/ dfg'{ o:tf gf/L lx+;fsf tfhf 36gfx¿ pbfx/0fx¿ 5g\. cem lgd{nf kGtsf] anfTsf/ kl5 xTofn]t emg\ddf{lxt t'NofPsf] 5 . oL ;a} gsf/fTds ;f]r / ¿9Ljf9L k/Dk/fsf pkhx¿ 5g\ . a]tnaL gf}s/sf] ¿kdf gf/LnfO{ lng] k|of; ul/Psf] 5 . lbgel/ sfd ug{]t/ vfgf vfg]a]nfdf ;a}eGbf kl5 vfg'kg{]/], slxn];Dd gf/LnfO{ lyr]/ /fVg]xf]of];dfh < gf/LnfO{ t'R5 7fGg]/f]uL ;dfhnfO{ h/}b]lv pvfn]/ kmfNg'kb{5 . t/fO{ dw]zdf vf;u/L lbgx'F dlxnf lx+;fsf 36gfx¿ aflx/ cfpg] u/]sf 5g\. t/fO{ dw]zdf bfOhf] k|d'v sf/ssf] ¿kdf b]lvPsf] 5 eg]kxf8df klg ljleGg lsl;dsf dlxnf k|tf8gfx¿ x'G5g\. dw]zdf dlxnf lx+;fsf] k|d'v sf/0f bfOhf] k|yfnfO{ dfGg ;lsG5 . t/fO{lt/ of] ;d:of a9L b]Vg kfOG5 . 5f]/LnfO{

lax]ubf{ bfOhf]lbg'kg{]cj:yf 5 . h;n] ubf{ 5f]/LnfO{ /fd|/L k9fpg klg ufx|f] 5 . cem 5f]/LnfO{ a9L k9fPdf al9 bfOhf]lbg'kg{]cj:yfsf] ;[hgf ePsf]5 . a¿ sd k9fPdf sd bfOhf]lbg'k5{ eGg]dfgl;stf b]vfk/]sf] 5 . o;n] ubf{ dlxnf lzIffdf x|f; cfPsf] kfOG5 . olt dfq sxfF xf] / bfOhf] ltl/;s]kl5 klg 5f]/LnfO{;'v 5}g . pN6}p;nfO{ dfgl;s tgfjsf];fdgf ug'{kb{5 . o;}u/L, kxf8 tyf lxdfndf klg lbgx'Fh;f] dlxnf lx+;fsf 36gfx¿ x'g]u/]sf 5g\. Totflt/sf 36gfx¿ Tolt ;fj{hlgs x'Fb}g . kxf8df ;aeGbf a9L k|tfl8t 5g\dlxnfx¿ 5fp k|yfaf6 . 5fpuf]7df a:bf sltko dlxnfx¿n]csfnd}Hofg;d]t u'dfpg] u/]sf] 36gfx¿ klg aflx/ cfPs} 5g\. To:t}, anfTsf/sf 36gfx¿ klg w]/}x'g]u/]sf 5g\. To:tf ;fdflhs ck/fwLx¿nfO{ s8feGbf s8f ;hfo lbg'kb{5 . dlxnf lx+;flj¿4 g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgdf klg s8f sfg'gx¿ 5g\. t/ s]tL sfg'g cfO;Sbf klg dlxnf lx+;f Go"gLs/0f ePsf]5 t < lsg ;+j}wflgs clwsf/ dlxnfn]pkof]u ug{;ls/x]sf 5}gg\< af]S;Lsf]gfddf dlxnfdfly lx+;f ug]{nfO{ sfg'gL sf/afxL x'g] elgPsf] 5 t/ lsg eO/x]sf]5}g < of]PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLdf dlxnf / k'¿if, 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] e]befj clxn] klg ;dfKt x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . Gff/L k'¿ifeGbf klg a9L ;Ifd x'lG5g\eGg]s'/f lj1fgn]klg ;fljt u/]sf]cj:yfdf gf/LnfO{ t'R5 7fGg]

hf]sf]xLnfO{ klg dfkm ug{ ;lsGg . d :jo+ gf/L ePsf]gftfn]gf/Lsf] kL8fsf] af/]df af/Daf/ ;fdflhs ;+hfnaf6 yfxf kfpFbf ;xg ufx|f]dx;'z ePsf]5 . g]kfndf ;fdflhs ;~hfnsf] ljsf; eP;Fu}o:tf 36gfx¿ aflx/ a9L cfpg]u/]sf]b]lvG5 . gf/Ldfly ePsf]cTofrf/, lx+;f, zf]if0f cflbsf]lj¿4df xfdL ;Dk"0f{ gf/L Psh'6 eP/ cfjfh p7fpg] a]nf cfPsf] 5 . 3/ 3/df o:tf gf/L lx+;fsf 36gfx¿ 3l6/x]sf 5g\. cfh c¿;Fu 36]sf] 5 eg] ef]nL xfdL;+u klg 36\g ;S5 . To;sf/0f To:tf ;fdflhs ck/fwLx¿nfO{ a]n}df va/bf/ ug'{kb{5 . :jo+ gf/Ln] klxn]To:sf]k|ltsf/ ug{}kb{5 . gf/L ;xgzLntfsf]cem k/LIff gn]p eg]/ ;a}nfO{ xf]l;of/ ug{' kb{5 . t;y{, ;dod} gf/L lx+;fsf] cGTo ug'{kb{5 gq eg]xfd|f];dfh ljs[tLsf] af6f]df k'uL /f]uL x'g]5 . ;DalGwt kIfx¿, h;n]gf/L lx+;fsf] /f]syfddf cfˆgf]of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf 5g\. ltgLx¿sf] klg plts}vfFrf] 5 . xfd|f] ;/sf/n] klg s8feGbf s8f sfg'gsf] Joj:yf u/L gf/L lx+;fsf 36gfx¿nfO{ /f]Sg] k|of; ug'{kg{] b]lvG5 . x'g t ;/sf/n] dlxnf lx+;fsf lj¿4 sfg'gx¿ gNofPsf] xf]Og, t/ tL sfg'gx¿ ;zQm¿kdf sfof{Gjog ePsf]5}g . sfg'g h:tf];'s}cfPklg sfof{Gjog geP;Dd To;sf]s'g}dxTj x'Fb}g . t;y{, gf/Lsf] ljleGg ¿kx¿ x'G5g\. ;Ddfg ug]{ afgL a;fnf}+ . -

n]lvsf dlxnf clwsf/sdL{ x'g\_ ----- dw]zdw]zdw]zdw]zdw]z bk{0fbk{0fbk{0fbk{0fbk{0f lkmr/lkmr/lkmr/lkmr/lkmr/ ;]jf_;]jf_;]jf_;]jf_;]jf_

sfof{no dfgejg nlntk'/n] Joa:yfkg / sfg'g ;+sfosf:gfts tyf :gftsf]Q/txsf ljleGg ;+sfodf egf{ v'nfPsf]5 . c? ljZjljBfnodf sfg'g ;+sfodf egf{ x'g gkfO/x]sf a]nf ljBfyL{sf nflu of]7"nf]/fxt x'g] 5 . egf{sf nflu cfj]bg lbg] clGtd ldlt c;f/ @& ut];Dd tf]lsPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n]@)&@ df g]kfn v'nf ljZjljBfno P]g hf/L u/]/ ljZjljBfno

df g]kfn v'nf ljZjljBfno P]g hf/L u/]/ ljZjljBfno :yfkgfsf]af6f]vf]n]sf]lyof].   Pgcf]o"cGtu{t

:yfkgfsf]af6f]vf]n]sf]lyof].

 

Pgcf]o"cGtu{t ;fdflhs tyf lzIffzf:q, Joj:yfkg / sfg'g, lj1fg, :jf:Yo / k|ljlw u/L tLg ;+sfo 5g\. oL ;+sfocGtu{t !% j6f sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/Psf]5 . Psjif]{ sf];{cGtu{t l8Knf]df Og nfOa|]/L OGkmd]{;g Dofg]hd]G6 / kLhL8L Og O{–nlg{ª 5g\. ;fdflhs ;+sfodf 8]9jif]{ PdlkmncGtu{t cy{zf:q, /fhgLltzf:q / ;dfhzf:q 5g\. lzIffzf:q ;+sfocGtu{t Pdlkmndf g]kfnL, c+u|]hL, ul0ft, lzIff, :jf:Yo / ;dfh lj1fg 5g\. b'O{jif]{sf];{df df:6;{Og O{–ueg]{G; k9fO ePsf]5 eg]8]9jif]{ Pdlkmn Og cfO{;L6L k9fOG5 . ^ dlxgfsf]Ps ;]d]:6/ x'G5 . Psjif]{ sf];{ k9\g]n]sDtLdf #) qm]l86 cfj/sf]b'O{ ;]d]:6/ k9]/ k/LIff lbg'k5{ . b'O{jif]{ sf];{n]^# qm]l86 cfj/ / Pdlkmn cfO{;L6Lsf]#( qm]l86 cfj/ 5 . ljZjljBfnon]nlntk'/sf]kf6g SofDk;, s}nfnL ax'd'vL SofDk; wgu9L, sf]xnk'/sf]afu]Zj/L SofDk;, kf]v/fsf]hglk|o SofDk; / O6x/Lsf]hgtf SofDk;df ;Dks{ tyf k/LIff s]Gb| tf]s]sf]5 . pks'nklt zdf{sf cg';f/ sIff !@ kf; u/]/ a;]sf ljBfyL{n]qm]l86sf cfwf/df # dlxg]/ ^ dlxg] sf];{k9\g kfpF5g\. sf];{cg';f/ Go"gtd !% xhf/b]lv clwstd ! nfv &) xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd z'Ns tf]lsPsf]5 .

OlkP;OlkP;OlkP;OlkP;OlkP; kf;kf;kf;kf;kf; u/]sfu/]sfu/]sfu/]sfu/]sf cfwfcfwfcfwfcfwfcfwf dfqdfqdfqdfqdfq sf]l/ofsf]l/ofsf]l/ofsf]l/ofsf]l/of hfghfghfghfghfg kfpgkfpgkfpgkfpgkfpg]

sf7df8f}F . j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf]nflu blIf0f sf]l/of hfg o;kfln efiff k/LIffdf kf; x'g]dWo]cfwfdfq hfg kfpg]ePsf 5g\. of]jif{k/LIffdf kf;

w]/}u'gf;f]M dgf]/f]usf];+s]t Û

 

ePsf !@ xhf/ ( hgfdWo]blIf0f sf]l/ofn]^ xhf/ & ;o dfq sfdbf/ n}hfg] atfOPsf]5 . of]jif{ blIf0f sf]l/ofn]pTkfbgd"ns If]qdf $ xhf/ & ;o / s[lif d"ns If]qdf @ xhf/ sfdbf/ n}hfg] ToxfFsf] dfgj ;+zfwg s]Gb|n] hfgsf/L lbPsf]OlkP; zfvfsf ;"rgf clwsf/L zf]efs/ e08f/Ln]atfP .

sf7df8f}F . sf]xL JolQm o:tf x'G5g\, h;nfO{{ x/]s s'/fdf u'gf;f] ug{'k5{ . pgLx? s'g}klg s'/fn] k"0f{ ;Gt'i6 jf v';L x'Fb}gg\. x/]s s'/fdf s]xL g s]xL vf]6 b]V5g\. cS;/ xfdL cfˆgf]u'gf;f]c?nfO{{JoQm ul//x]sf x'G5f}+ . u'gf;f]JoQm ug]{cg]s tl/sf 5g\. h:tf] /f]P/, 7'l:sP/, emu8f u/]/, rsf{rsL{u/]/ . oL ;a}tl/sfn] gsf/fTdstf emNsfpF5 . u'gf;f]ug]{ k|j[lQ cfkm}df /fd|f]xf]Og . xfdL hlt hlt u'gf;f]u5f}{, Tof]k|j[lQsf]?kdf ljsf; x'G5 . cGttM xfd|f]afgL g}s] x'G5 eg]u'gf;f]ul/xfNg]. h]s'/fdf klg lrQ ga'emfpg]. u'gf;f] hlt ul/G5, plQ a9\b}hfG5 . xfdL u'gf;f] u/]/ dgsf] ljsf/ kvfNg vf]H5f}. t/, hlt–hlt u'gf;f]ub}{ hfG5f}, of] yk a9\b}hfG5 . lsgeg]u'gf;f]ug{' g}v/fa k|j[lQsf]ljsf; ug{'xf]. jf:tjdf u'gf;f]s'g};dfwfg klg xf]Og . ha tkfO{+ s'g}s'/fdf u'gf;f] ug{'x'G5, To;n]tkfO{+sf];d:of xn x'Fb}g . a? o;sf] ;fO8Okm]S6 5 . Tof] s] xf] eg], u'gf;f] ug]{ afgLn] tkfO{+sf] JolQmTjdf c;/ u5{ . tkfO{+sf] JolQmTj g} sdhf]/ agfOlbG5 . x'g;S5 sltko s'/fdf tkfO{+nfO{{ lrQ a'‰b}g . sltko s'/f s'/f tkfO{+nfO{{ l7s nfUb}g . t/, To;sf]k|ltlqmof hgfpg]c? tl/sf klg 5g\. tkfO{+n]u'gf;f]ug{'k5{eGg] 5}g . h:tf]ls, sfo{nodf tkfO{+dfly cGofo eO/x]sf] 5 . tkfO{+sf] sfo{ynf]df tkfO{+dfly efjgfTds v]naf8 eO/x]sf]5 . e]befj eO/x]sf] 5 . oL s'/fnfO{{;xg'k5{eGg]xf]Og . oL s'/f la?4 tkfO{+n] cfjfh p7fpg'k5{ . h'Wg'k5{ . ;xL / tfls{s ljwLx? ckgfpg'k5{ . t/, u'gf;f] ub}{df tkfO{+dfly ePsf b"Jo{jxf/, e]befj lgld6\ofGg x'Fb}g . sltko s'/fdf tkfO{+n] Psf]xf]/f] u'gf;f] ul//xFbf tkfO{+k|lt c?n] x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f g}v/fa x'g;S5 . pgLx?n] a'‰g]5g\ ls tkfO{+ c;Gt'i6 dfgl;stfsf] JolQm x'g'x'G5 . s'g} s'/fn]tkfO{+ ;Gt'i6 /xg'x'Gg . /, u'gf;f]

ug{'tkfO{+sf]afgL xf]. u'gf;f]ul//xFbf jf:tjd}Tof]afgLdf ?kfGt/0f x'G5 . cyf{t xfd|f]afgL jf k|j[lQ g}u'gf;f] ug]{x'G5 . ctM o; lsl;dsf]k|j[lQn] xfdLnfO{{;d:ofdf kfg{;S5 . lj1sf]egfO{ 5, …h'g s'/f xfdLn] rfx]h:tf]jf xfdLn]ck]Iff u/]h:tf] x'Fb}g, To;k|lt u'gf;f]ug{'xfd|f]k|fs[lts k|ltlqmof xf]. olb o; lsl;dsf] k|ltlqmof tTsfn hgfOof]/ To;nfO{{ dgdf /flvPg eg]l7s}x'G5 . cyf{t g/fd|f]x'Fb}g . o;n]tkfO{+sf]dgdf s'g} lsl;dsf]u'gf;f]afFsL /xFb}g .Ú oBkL u'gf;f]ug]{afgLsf]ljsf; ePdf o:tf s'/fx? dgd} /lx/xG5 . ha dgdf xfdL u'gf;f]kfn]/ a:5f}, Tof]dgf]ljsf/ xf]. dgf]ljsf/n]:jf:Yodf klg c;/ kf5{ . xfdLxfdLxfdLxfdLxfdL lsglsglsglsglsg u'gf;f]u'gf;f]u'gf;f]u'gf;f]u'gf;f] u5f}{u5f}{u5f}{u5f}{u5f}{ <<<<< ;fdfGot u'gf;f]ug{'xfd|f]tgfj Joj:yfkg ug]{ Pstl/sf x'g;S5 . xfdL cfk"mnfO{{ lrQ ga'em]sf]s'/fdf u'gf;f]u5f}{ . u'gf;f]ug{'sf]leqL Wo]o of] klg x'G5 ls c?sf] ;fxg'e"lt kfOof];\. u'gf;f]ul//xFbf xfdL cfkm'nfO{{ kLl8t dx;'; ul//x]sf x'G5f}. vf;df u'gf;f]ug{'eg]sf];]Nkm l8km]G; cyf{t cfTd/Iffsf]sdhf]/ tl/sf klg xf]. xfdLdWo] w]/}n] of] s'/f :jLsf/ ug}{ ;Sb}gf}ls, xfdLaf6 klg s]xL uNtL ePsf]5 . xfdLn]klg s]xL sdhf]/L u/]sf 5f}. u'gf;f]u/]/ xfdLn]cfˆgf] uNtL cl:jsf/ ug]{ /fd|f] afxfgf kfpF5f}+ . u'gf;f]ul//xFbf Tof]xfd|f]k|j[lQ aG5 . afgL aG5 . ctM h'g;'s}s'/fdf klg xfdL c;Gt'i6 /xG5f}. u'gf;f] u5f}{ . o;n]xfd|f]dfgl;stf ljs[t x'G5, :jf:Yo v/fa x'G5 . To;afx]s xfd|f];fdflhs k|lti7fdf klg o;n] cfFr k'¥ofpF5 . u'gf;f] ug]{ afgLn] s;};Fusf];DaGwdf kmf6f]NofpF5 . u'gf;f]ug]{k|j[lQ ljsf; x'Fb}uPdf JolQmn] cfTdljZjf; klg u'dfpF5 . s'g}klg s'/fdf t'?Gt}k|ltlqmof hgfpg ;Sb}g . cfkm'nfO{{ lrQ ga'em]sf]s'/fdf cfjfh p7fpg ;Sb}g . o;n]pgLx?nfO{{ lrGtf, tgfj jf l8k|];gdf k'¥ofpF5 . u'gf;f]ug]{ afgLn]dfG5]nfO{{ tgfju|:t

agfpF5 . gsf/fTds efjgf a9\b} hfG5 . lg/f;fjfbL ;f]+r ljsf; x'G5 .

:6\ofG8kmf]8{o'lgel;{6Ln];g\@)!^

df u/]sf]cWoog cg';f/ u'gf;f]ug]{ afgLn]xfd|f]dl:tissf]Pp6f lx:;fdf g/fd|f]c;/ k'¥ofpF5, h'g :d/0f;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . dl:tis / z/L/

cfk;df hf]l8Psf] x'G5, z/L/n] tgfjnfO{{Psxb;Dd ;xg ;S5 . t/, clt ePdf To;n]z/L/df kL8f lbG5 . o;n] xfd|f] v';L / pT;fxnfO{{ dfl/lbG5 . o;y{ u'gf;f]ug]{ afgLn] cGttM cfkm}nfO{{ gi6 u5{ . u'gf;f] s'g};dfwfg xf]Og .

ebf}$ b]lv !* ut];Dd ;Lk k/LIf0f blIf0f sf]l/of hfg kfpg]–gkfpg]lglZrt ug]{ e08f/Ln]hfgsf/L lbP . ;Lk k/LIf0fsf]nflu c;f/ @) b]lv @( ut];Dd

/lh:6«];g kmf/d el/;Sg'kg]{ OlkP; zfvfn]hgfPsf]5 . kl5Nnf];do blIf0f sf]l/ofn]ljb]zL sfdbf/sf]nflu efiff;Fu};Lkdf klg hf]8 lbFb}cfPsf]5 .

ljleGg ;+u7gåf/f g]kfn k|fWofks ;+3sf]dxflwj]zg alxisf/

ef/tsf]tLj|bafakl5ljiffbL hf“rlg0f{olkmtf{

;x;lrjn] eg], …k|:tfjsf] ljifodf

 

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn /fli6«o k|fWofks ;Ë7g, g]kfn k|ultzLn k|fWofks ;Ë7g, /fli6«o nf]stflGqs k|fWofks ;‹ / g]kfn /fli6«o k|fWofks ;Ë7gn] g]kfn k|fWofks ;‹sf] !^ cf}+ dxflwj]zg alxisf/ u/]sf 5g\. laxLaf/ sf7df8f}Fdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng ub}{ pgLx?n] ;f] 3f]if0ff u/]sf x'g\. ;+3sf] jt{dfg kbflwsf/Ln] cfly{s clgoldttf u/]sf], ;a} ljZjljBfnonfO{ k|ltlglwTj gu/fPsf], klAns SofDk;sf]xsdf k|ltlglw gldn]sf]nufotsf c;Gt'li6 /fVb}pgLx?n]dxflwj]zg alxisf/ u/]sf]hgfPsf x'g\. sfo{qmddf af]Nb} g]kfn k|ultzLn k|fWofks ;Ë7gsf cWoIf k|f=8f= ofbjk|sfz nfld5fg]n];+3sf]dxflwj]zg cj}wflgs ePsf]n]cfk"mx?n]alxisf/ u/]sf] :ki6 kf/]. pgn] eg], …;+3 eg]sf] ;a}sf] ;fIff ;+:yf xf]. t/,

cj}wflgs ePsf]n]cfk"mx?n]alxisf/ u/]sf] :ki6 kf/]. pgn] eg], …;+3 eg]sf] ;a}sf] ;fIff ;+:yf xf]. t/,

sf7df8f}F . ef/tsf]rsf]{ bafa y]Ug g;s]/ ;/sf/n] cfoft x'g] t/sf/Lsf] eG;f/ ljGb'df eO/x]sf] ljiffbL k/LIf0f sfo{tTsfnsf nflu :ylut u/]sf] 5 . pBf]u, afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnosf] k|:tfjdf ;/sf/n]/fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sflzt u/L ef/t;lxt t]>f] d'n'saf6 cfoft x'g]tfhf t/sf/L / kmnk"mnsf] eG;f/ ljGb'd} Sjf/]G6fOg / hLjgfzs ljiffbLsf]cjz]if k/LIf0f clgjfo{?kdf ug{'kg]{Joj:yf u/]sf] lyof]. c;f/ # ut]b]lv sfof{Gjogdf cfPsf]of]gLlt !& cf}+ lbgdf pBf]u, afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnos} k|:tfjdf dlGqkl/ifbsf]a}7sn]lkmtf{ lng]lg0f{o u/]sf]xf]. eG;f/ ljGb'df ef/taf6 cfoft x'g] t/sf/L tyf kmnk"mnsf]s8fO{sf ;fy k/LIf0f x'g yfn]kl5 kl5Nnf] ;dodf ef/t ;/sf/n]rsf]{ ?kdf of]Joj:yfsf] lj/f]w hgfpFb}lkmtf{ lng bafa lbFb} cfPsf] lyof]. ef/tLo b"tfaf; / ef/tLo lgof{tstf{ Jofkf/Lx?sf] ljleGg 6f]nL s[lif tyf kz'k+IfL ljsf; dGqfno, cy{ dGqfno tyf pBf]u, afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnod}k'u]/ of]Joj:yf :yuLt ug{bafa lbPsf lyP . pBf]u, afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnosf Ps ;x;lrjsf cg';f/ pBf]u, afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{dGqfnon] cfGtl/s tof/L u/L laxLaf/sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf]a}7sdf k/LIf0f sfo{ tTsfn :ylut ug]{ ljifodf k|:tfj nu]sf]lyof]. …rsf]{ bafa y]Ug g;s]kl5 afl0fHodGqL dft[sf ofban] dlGqkl/ifb\a}7sdf k|:tfj nUg'ePsf] lyof],Ú gfd pNn]v gug]{ zt{df tL

5nkmnkZrft\dlGqkl/ifb\sf]a}7sn]

k/LIf0f ug]{Joj:yf lkmtf{lng]lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof].Ú pgsf cg';f/ o;sf ;fy}cfufdL ^ dlxgfsf nflu t/sf/L, kmnk"mn / dfgj :jf:YonfO{ xfgL k'¥ofpg]Soflkmgo'Qm zlQma4{s k]o kbfy{…OghL{l8«+S;Ú / …ˆn]j/ l;Gy]l6s l8«+S;–h';Ú sf] cfoftdf nufOPsf] k|ltaGw klg km's'jf ug]{ lg0f{o ;/sf/n]u/]sf]5 . s[lif tyf kz'k+IfL ljsf;dGqL rqmkf0fL vgfnn] klg ;/sf/n]k/LIf0f sfo{ lkmtf{ lnOPsf] ljifonfO{ k'li6 u/]sf 5g\. z'qmaf/ s[lif, ;xsf/L tyf k|fs[lts ;|f]t ;ldltsf] a}7snfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ s[lifdGqL rqmkf0fL vgfnn] eg], …afl0fHo dGqfnon]nfOg ldlgi6«L;Fu 5nkmn g}gu/L Psnf}6L ?kdf ljiffbL k/LIf0f ug]{lg0f{o lkmtf{lng]ljifodf dlGqkl/ifbsf] a}7sdf k|:tfj nu]. pQm lg0f{o dlGqkl/ifb\sf] a}7sn] :jLs[t u/]sf]5 .Ú ;/sf/n]kl5Nnf] ;dodf cfoft x'g]t/sf/Lsf]ljiffbL k/LIf0f / h';dflysf]k|ltaGw g]kfnL pkef]Qmf / ls;fgsf] kIfdf lgSs} dxTjk"0f{ dflgP klg bafadf lkmtf{ ul/Psf]5 . sflndf6L ahf/df cfpg] t/sf/L tyf kmnk"mn $) k|ltzt ef/taf6}cfpF5 . afFsL ^) k|ltzt ahf/ :yfgLo pTkfbgn]cf]u6]sf]5 . eG;f/ ljefusf cg';f/ rfn'cfly{s jif{sf]!! dlxgfdf @^ ca{ $^ sf]8 &% nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf]t/sf/L / !& ca{ # s/f]8 (^ nfvsf]kmnk"mn cfoft ePsf]5 eg]g]kfnaf6 oxL cjlwdf ! ca{ @@ s/f]8 (( nfv a/fa/sf]dfq t/sf/L tyf kmnk"mn lgof{t ePsf]/]s8{ 5 .

 

dxflwj]zgh:tf]ljifodf ;a}nfO{;xeflutf u/fpg ;Sg'ePg . To;}n]xfdLn] ulDe/ c;Gt'li6 /fVb}alxisf/ ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf xf}+ .Ú To:t}, g]kfn /fli6«o k|fWofks ;Ë7gsf ;x–;+of]hs k|f=8f=/d]zk|;fb e§/fO{n]klAns SofDk;df ePsf];xdltnfO{ nTofpFb}cfˆgf JolQmx?nfO{ dfq}dxflwj]zg k|ltlglw agfO{ Psnf}6L u/]sf]df uDeL/ c;Gt'li6 hgfP . g]kfn /fli6«o k|fWofks ;Ë7gsf cWoIf k|f=8f= hulbzrGb| e08f/Ln] !! j6}ljZjljBfnoaf6 dxflwj]zgsf]nflu k|ltlglw x'g'kg]{df s[lif tyf jg ljZjljBfno / dWoklZrd ljZjljBfnonfO{k|ltlglwljxLg agfPsf]df cfklQ hgfP . /fli6«o nf]stflGqs k|fWofks ;‹sf cWoIf 8f= pbo lszf]/ ltjf/Ln] ;+3n]Psnf}6L ?kdf clwj]zg ;DkGg u/]cfk"mx?n]To;sf]lj?4df csf]{ g]kfn k|fWofks ;+3 rnfpg]r]tfjgL lbP . cfk"mx?nfO{ hlxNo}klg ;+3n] ckx]ngf / lje]b u/]sf] klg pxfFn] u'gf;f] kf]v]. pgn] eg], …;+3n] ljZjljBfnodf r'gfj ubf{ xfdLnfO{ slxNo}klg yfxf lbPg . ljlwjt ?kdf clxn]sf]dxflwj]zgdf kfFr j6f ;+u7gn]efu lng'kg]{xf]. t/, clxn]Pp6f ;+u7gn]dfq}efu lnPsf]5 . of]cj}wflgs 5 .Ú

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/ 5
5
5

s"6gLltsf lktf rf0fSosf];g;gLk"0f{hLjgL

sf7df8f}F . cy{zf:qsf lktf, gLlt zf:qsf kf/+ut Pj+ k"jL{o bz{g Pj+ jfª\dosf Ps w'/Gw/ ljåfg rf0fSosf]hGd Ozfk"j{# ;o &! df hlGdPsf rf0fSosf]lgwg eg]Ozfk"j{ @ ;o *@ df ePsf]lyof]. rf0fSon] cfˆgf] hLjgsfndf d'b|f /fIf;, a[xTsyfsf]z, jfo'k'/f0f, dT:o k'/f0f, lji0f'k'/f0f af}4 u|Gy dxfefio, h}g k'/f0f cflb s[ltx?sf] /rgf u/]sf lyP . k"jL{o jfª\dosf] Oltxf;df cfrfo{rf0fSosf]gfd :jl0f{d cIf/df n]lvPsf] 5 . rf0fSo Ps s'zn /fhgLlt1 dfq} xf]O{gg, lzIfs, wdf{rfo{/ s'zn cy{zf:qL klg lyP . o:tf cfrfo{ rf0fSosf] hLjgL t htftt}kfO{g]u/]sf]5 . hLjgLsf] ljifodf t w]/}n]w]/}s'/f ;'lg;s]sf] x'g'k5{ . t/, pgsf]d[To's;/L eof] eGg] ;jfndf eg] st}klg pNn]v ePsf] kfO{Fb}g . sfxLFst} pNn]v ePklg o;df Psdt eg]/x]sf]5}g . pgn]jfNofj:yfdf g}sfd;"q eGg] lstfj klg n]v]sf lyP eGg]ljZjf; 5 . cfrfo{ rf0fSonfO{{ pgsf lktf r0fsn]g}sf}l6No gfd /flvlbPsf lyP . pgsf] clxn] st} rf0fSo, sf}l6No, lji0f'u'Kt nufotsf gfdaf6 xfdL pgnfO{{ lrGg ;Sb5f}+ . s;}n] eG5g\ cfrfo{ rf0fSo cfˆgf] ;a} sfd k"/f ul/;s]kl5 cfk"mv'zL h+unlt/ uPsf lyP / h+undf tk:of ug{ uPsf rf0fSo lkmtf{ ePgg\. of]Psfy/Lsf]dt xf]eg] csf]{y/Ln]duwsL /fgL x]n]gfn]jLif v'jfP/ pgnfO{{df/]sf]eGg]s'/f klg

rrf{df NofPsf 5g\. t/ o;sf]oyfy{ a'‰gsf] nflu eg] Oltxf;sf] kfgf km]l/ Psk6s kN6fpg'kg]{ b]lvG5 .

o;/L ;'jGw'n] sfg km'Sg yfn]kl5 lj:tf/} /fhf ljGb";f/ / rf0fSosf]aLrdf eg]b"/L a9\g yfNof].

/fhf ljGb";f/ / rf0fSosf]aLrdf eg]b"/L a9\g yfNof]. rf0fSosf] d[To'af/] km/s–km/s dt Pp6f rrf{/fhf

rf0fSosf] d[To'af/] km/s–km/s dt Pp6f rrf{/fhf rGb|u'Ktsf]lgwg ePkl5 cfrfo{ ljlwsf cg';f/ /fhf ljGb";f/n];xh}/fHo k|fKt ug{;kmn ePsf lyP . pgL hGdg] ljlQs} cfdfsf]lgwg ePsf]n]pgnfO{{cfˆgL cfdfsf]xTofsf]ljifodf s;n]/ lsg df/]sf] eGg] yfxf lyPg . ha pgL /fhf eP To;kl5 pgsf dGqL ;'aGw'n] rf0fSo lj¿4 s8f if8\oGq /Rg yfn]. ;'aGw' klxn]b]lv g} rf0fSosf v/f] cfnf]rs tyf lj/f]wL lyP . pgn] lj:tf/}lj:tf/}pgsf]dftfsf]xTof cfrfo{rf0fSon]u/]sf]cf/f]k nufP/ /fhf ljGb";f/nfO{{ sfg km'Sg yfn].

x'Fbfx'Fb}l:ytL o:tf]eof]ls rf0fSo /fhsfh 5f8]/ h+unlt/ lxF8\g g}afWo eP . ha rf0fSo ;a} sfd 5f8]/ h+untkm{ nfu], kl5 Ps ef/bf/n] /fhf ljGb";f/nfO{{ gofF sxfgL atfO{lbPsf lyP ls rf0fSon]pgsL cfdfnfO{{ df/]sf] eGg] sxfgL s] xf] eg]/ . pgn];w}+e/L rGb|u'Ktsf]bfgfdf rf0fSon]dGbdGb dfqfdf aLif xflnlbg] u/]sf lyP . o;sf]dtna lyof]ls c?n] if8\oGq u/]/ jLif v'jfPsf] v08df klg rGb|u'KtnfO{{s]xL gxf];\. ToxL l/tqmd rNb}hfFb}lyof]. o; ljifodf g t /fhf rGb|u'Kt hfgsf/ lyP g t pgsf]kl/jf/ g}.

cGhfgs} e/df Pslbg rGb|u'Ktsf] nflu agfPsf] vfgf pgsL kTgLn]vfO{g\/ To;}sf]c;/n] pgsf] Hofg uof]. pgL d[To' x'g] a]nfdf ue{jtL lyO{g\. pgsf]d[To'sf] s'/f ;'Ggf;fy cfrfo{ rf0fSon] tTsfn} uP/ rGb|u'KtsL kTgLsf] k]6df /x]sf] aRrf lgsfn]sf lyP . h;n] cfrfo{ k/Dk/f cg';f/ /fhsfh ug{sf] nfluaf6f] v'nfO{{lbPsf]lyof]. tL ef/bf/n]ljGb";f/nfO{{rf0fSo gePsf]eP ltdL /fhf aGg]g}lyPgf}+ eg]kl5 /fhf ljGb";f/ rf0fSonfO{{lkmtf{ lbg uPsf lyP . t/, rf0fSon]lkmtf{ x'Fg gdfgL h+undf g}cfTdxTof u/]sf] sxfgL PsfkIfn];'gfpg]u/]sf]5 . ptf, csf]{kIf eg]rf0fSonfO{{lhpFb} cfuf] nufO{Psf] lyof] eGg] ljifodf ts{ u5{ . o; ljifodf sltko rnlrq klg lgdf{0f eO;s]sf]5 . /fhf ljGb";f/sf dGqL ;'aGw' cfrfo{rf0fSonfO{{b]lv;xFb}g lyP . rf0fSosf]lgwgx'g'eGbf s]xL klxn] pgL h;/L klg rf0fSonfO{{l;Wofpg] v]ndf nfu]sf lyP . ToxL if8\oGqsf] qmddf Pslbg pgL a:g]u/]sf]sf]7fdf cfuf]nufP/ rf0fSonfO{{dfg{;kmn ePsf] eg]/ klg l6Kk0fL x'g] u/]sf] 5 . h] hzf] ePklg ljZj k|Voft cfrfo{rf0fSosf]klg lgwg eg];'v k"j{s x'g ;s]g eGg ;lsg] cfwf/ eg] b'au:} kIfsf] ts{af6 ug{ ;lsG5 . s'g kIfsf] s'/f ;xL xf] eGg];jfndf eg]cflwsfl/s cWoog kl5 dfq}atfpg ;lsG5 .

b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]j M wfld{s ko{6sLo :yn

sf7df8f}F . b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]j dlGb/ g'jfsf]6 lhNnf sf]/fpta];L uflj;df cjl:yt wfld{s ko{6sLo :yn xf]. ljz]ifu/L hf]8L h'/fpg / ;Gtfg dfUgs} nfuL o; :yfgdf eQmhgx? b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]j k'Ug] ub{5g\. ;b/d'sfd ljb'/b]lv k"j{df /x]sf] /fptj]+zL uflj;sf] b'Kr]Zj/

jf}4 wdf{nDaLx?n] bf];|f] kz'kltgfysf] ?kdf k'sfb}{ cfPsf 5g\. ljif]zu/L lgM;Gtfg bDkltsf] OR5f k"/f ul/lbg] ePsf]n] d]nfdf eL8 nfUg] u/]sf] b'Kr]Zj/ ;+/If0f ;ldltn] atfPsf] 5 . b'Kr]Zj/sf] bz{g ugf{n] dgn] lrtfPsf] k'Ug], k'q k|fKtL x'g], nfdf];do;Dd gaf]Ng]

ufO{ uf]7fnf]df x/fPkl5 vf]hL ub}{ hfFbf 5Ëf5'/sf]kx/f]df cfˆgf]rf/} y'gaf6 b'w r9fO/x]sf]e]l6Pkl5 ;f] 7fpFdf b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]j /x]sf] ljZjf;df k|Tos jif{ wfGok"l0f{dfsf lbg ljif]z d]nf nfUb} cfPsf] 5 . csf]{tkm{, ;d'Gb|dGygkl5 lgl:sPsf] sfns'6 ljif ;]jgn]/GylgPsf dxfb]j

eO{ b'Kr]Zj/ gfdfs/0f ePsf]csf]{ ls+jbGtL kfOG5 . b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]jsf] d]nf eg{/fhwfgL sf7df08f}+, wflbª, /;'jf, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, dsjfgk'/, uf]/vf, lrtjg nufot b]zsf ljleGg efux?af6 oxfFjif]{gL xhf/f}F bDktL eQmhgx? dxfb]j;Fu ;Gtfg dfUg cfpg] u/]sf 5g\. wfld{s

ko{6gsf]uGtJosf]?kdf

ultnf];Defjgf af]s]sf] o; d]nfdf tfdfª, z]kf{ hfltsf k/Dk/fut ;+:s[ltsf]k|bz{g /f]rs / cgf}7f];Fu x]g{kfOG5 . ;/sf/L:t/af6 oxfF s'g}klg ko{6sLo dxTjsf] k|rf/k|;f/ gePsf]n] d]nfafx]s cGo ;dodf oxfF cfpg]sf];+Vof clt g} Go"g /x]sf] b'Kr]Zj/ d]nf ;+/If0f tyf Joj:yfkg ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 . b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]j h:tf wfld{s Pjd\ P]ltxfl;s ;Dkbfsf] ;+j4{g / k|rf/k|;f/ u/L cfGtl/s

Pjd\jfXo ko{6sx? leq\ofpg ;s] g'jfsf]6sf]dfq geO{/fli6«o cfly{s ;d'Ggltdf dxTjk"0f{ b]g /xg] a'l4lhjLx?sf]ljZjf; 5 .

dxTjk"0f{ b]g /xg] a'l4lhjLx?sf]ljZjf; 5 . dxfb]jsf] dlGb/df o:tf] cf:yf af]s]/ hfg] eQmhgsf]

dxfb]jsf] dlGb/df o:tf] cf:yf af]s]/ hfg] eQmhgsf] cfsif{0fn] kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;f+:s[lts tyf wfld{s dxTjnfO{ phfu/ ;d]t ul//x]sf] 5 . x/]s jif{sf] k'; dlxgfdf wfGok"l0f{dfsf cj;/df ;ftfJofkL ljif]z d]nf, lzj/fqL, ;fpg dlxgf

tyf x/]s ;f]daf/ b'Kr]Zj/ dlGb/df d]nf nfUg]ub{5 . oxfFd'VotM ;Gtfg gx'g]bDkltx? ;Gtfg dfUg cfpg]

/ dxfb]jsf] elQmkl5 b}jL zlQmn]

;Gtfg k|fKt x'g] ljZjf; ul/G5 .

wfGok"l0f{dfb]lv Ps;ftf nfUg]

d]nfnfO{ k/Dk/fb]lv rNb} cfPsf] d]nf g]kfns};Gbe{df eg]cln cgf]7f]

/ km/s 5 . …h]dfUof]ToxL k"/f x'g]Ú wfld{s ljZjf; /x]sf]o; dlGb/nfO{lxGb"/

afnaRrf af]Ng] ljZjf;df oxfF 6f9f6f9fsf eQmhgx? efsn ug]{/ efsn k'/f ePkl5 klg dxfb]jsf] bz{gsf nflu oxfFcfpg]ub{5g\. 5f]/f5f]/L gePsfsf] ;Gtfg, ljjfx gePsfsf] ljjfxsf] nug u/fOlbg k|fy{gf ug]{ u/]sf]/ OR5f k"/f klg ePsf] w]/} eQmhgx?sf] cg'ej klg oxfF;'Gg kfOG5 . b'u{d If]q ;d]t dflgg]o; wfld{s :yndf /x]sf] b'Kr]Zj/ dlGb/ ;ft;o

ld6/eGbf cUnf] r§fgsf] kx/f]df cjl:yt 5 . dlGb/sf]km]bLdf /x]sf] tfbL gbLaf6 agfOPsf]3'dfp/f]l5F8L x'Fb} kfn}kfnf] eQmhgx?n] k"hf / bz{gsf nfuL pSng]u/]sf 5g\.

b'Kr]Zj/b'Kr]Zj/b'Kr]Zj/b'Kr]Zj/b'Kr]Zj/ dxfb]jsf]dxfb]jsf]dxfb]jsf]dxfb]jsf]dxfb]jsf] pTklQpTklQpTklQpTklQpTklQ kf}/fl0fs sygcg';f/ rf/;o jif{cl3 :yfgLo Ps tfdfªsf]b'x'gf]

uf];fOs'08 hfFbf b'Kr]Zj/df cfPsf] hg>'tL kfOG5 . To;}n] ;f]xL :yfgdf b'w]Zj/ dxfb]j pTktL ePsf / kl5 cke|z

ko{6sn]k"mn rf]/]kl5 ====

sf7df8f}F . ko{6sn]k"mn rf]/L u/]kl5 rLgsf]Osf]kfs{ aGb ul/Psf] 5 . sdnsf] k"mnsf] ;'Gb/tfn] kl/rt ;f] kfs{sf] hfnL tf]8]/ b}lgs @))–#)) ko{6sn] k"mn rf]/]/ o;sf] ;'Gb/tfdf gf]S;fgL k'¥ofP kl5 jif{e/sf nflu aGb ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . rLgsf] l;r'cfg k|fGtdf ag]sf]Osf]kfs{ ^@ Ps8df km}lnPsf]5 . oxfFd]dlxgf b]lv k"mn k"mNg ;'? u5{g\/ o;sf];'Gb/tfdf /dfpg b]z ljb]zaf6 ko{6s oxfFk'U5g\. of]kfs{ d'Vo ?kdf sdnsf]k"mnsf nflu k|Voft 5 . kfs{sf :6fkm emf]psf cg';f/ kfs{sf]u]6 / ljleGg :yfgdf k"mn gtf]8\g eGg];"rgf 6fFl;Psf]5 . o;sf];'/Iffsf nflu uf8{ klg kl/rfng ul/Psf] 5 . oBlk cfk"mx¿n]ko{6snfO{k"0f{¿kdf lgoGq0f ug{g;Sg]pgn]atfP . kfs{sf clwsf/x¿sf cg';f/ kfs{sf]k'glg{df{0fsf nflu dfr{df kfs{ aGb ul/Psf] lyof]. kfs{sf] k'glg{df{0f ;lsP klg ko{6ssf nflu kfs{ vf]lnPsf] 5}g . ko{6s ha/h:tL kfs{df l5/]/ k"mn rf]/]/ lnP/ hfg yfn]sfn]kfs{ gvf]lnPsf]clwsf/L atfpF5g\. klxnf ;'/Iffuf8{ a9fpg] To;kl5 dfq}kfs{ vf]lng]clwsf/Lx¿n]atfPsf 5g\. k"mn tf]8\b}u/]sf ko{6ssf]kmf]6f]/ lel8of]clxn];fdflhs ;~hfndf efO/n ePsf 5g\. oxfF;DdsL dflg;x¿ kfs{sf]lsgf/df ag]sf]hfnLaf6 kfs{ leq l5g]{ sf]lz/ ul//x]sf b]lvG5 . ;fdflhs ;~hfn k|of]ustf{n] o:tf JolQmnfO{hl/jfgf ug{;'emfPsf 5g\.

cgf}7f]9'+uf h;sf]leq df;'x'G5 Û

sf7df8f}F . 9'+uf lghL{j j:t'xf]/ o;nfO{ km'6fpFbf 6'qmf 6'qmf x'G5 . t/ Pp6f o:tf]9'+uf e]l6Psf]5 h;nfO{ km'6fpFbf /ut / df;'sf 6'qmf lg:sG5g\. lrnL / k]?sf ;d'b|df o:tf 9'+uf 6Gg}kfOG5g\. 9'+ufnfO{ ;/{ x]bf{ ;fdfGo em}+ nfU5 . t/ o;af6 df;'lg:sG5 / ahf/df Tof] v'a} laS5 . 9'+ufnfO{kfo'/f lrlnof+l;; gfdn]lrlgG5 . kTy/sf]df;'sf]cg]sf}+ kl/sf/ aG5 . t/ :yfgLox¿ o;nfO{ sfFr}vfg dg k/fpF5g\. 9'+ufnfO{ kmf]g]{lalQs}/ut lg:sG5 . o;nfO{lkl/o8 /s klg elgG5 . vf;df of]9'+uf ;d'b|L hLj xf]. o;;Fu ln+u kl/jt{g ug]{Ifdtf 5 / o;n]aRrf klg hGdfpF5 . of]hLj 7\ofSs}9'+uf h:t} b]lvG5 . dflyaf6 s8f b]lvg] of] 9'+uf leqaf6 cToGt} g/d x'G5 . dflg; of]9'+ufsf]vf]hLdf ;d'b|tndf k'U5g\/ o;af6 lg:sg]df;'vfg dg k/fpF5g\. 9'+ufsf]df;'lgsfNgsf nflu tLvf]rSs'cfjZos x'G5 .

cg'xf/ :Sofg u/]/ ;frf] jf em'6 af]n]sf] kQf nfUg]

sf7df8f}F . ;fdfGo ;f]wk'5df ck/fwLn];frf]af]N5g\jf af]Nb}gg\ca cg'xf/ x]/]/} kQf nfUg] ePsf] 5 . nG8gsf] :6f6{ck km];;ˆ6n] …cfl6{lkml;on OG6]nLh]G; l;:6dÚ tof/ kf/]sf]5 . h'g l;:6dn]ck/fwLsf] cg'xf/ g}:Sofg u/]/ ;frf]jf em'6 af]n]sf]kQf nufpg]5 . o;sf]6«fon l5§}la6«]g / ef/tsf]d'DaO{ k|x/Ln]kl/If0f ug]{5 . PcfO{ l;:6ddf #) s/f]8eGbf al9 cg'xf/sf efj zfldn u/]sf]5 . dflg;sf]lbdfudf s]rln/x]sf]5 To;sf]k|ltlaDa cg'xf/df b]lvG5 . dgf]j}1flgsx?n];g !(^) d}klxnf]k6s o:tf]tYo kQf nufPsf lyP . pgLx?n]o;nfO{cfTdxTof ug]{sf]lz; u/]sf s]xL JolQmdf k/LIf0f u/]sf lyP . olb s'g}JolQm ha/h:tL xf:of]eg]To;sf]efj cfFvfdf b]lvb}g . of]Ps k|sf/sf]dfOqmf]P:k|];g xf]. ;f]xL cg'?k ck/fwLsf]cg'xf/df b]lvg]efjnfO{ l;:6dn]/]s8{ ug]{5 .

tl:a/af6 dlxnfsf]j:q x6fpg ldNg]Pk aGb

sf7df8f}F . tl:a/af6 dlxnfx¿sf]j:q x6fP/ gSsnL tl:a/ agfpg ldNg]bfaL ul/Psf]Pp6f PknfO{ To;sf lgdf{tfx¿n]aGb u/]sf 5g\. krf; cd]l/sL 8n/ d"No /flvPsf] 8LkGo"8 Pkdfly db/af]8{ gfdsf] j]a;fO6df n]v 5flkPkl5 o;sf] cfnf]rgf ePsf] lyof]. l/e]Gh kf]g{ cyf{t\k|ltzf]wsf]efjgfn]cGo JolQmsf]gUg tl:a/ jf lel8cf]j]a;fO6df /fVg]sfo{lj?4 cleofg rnfPsfx¿n];f]PknfO{ vt/gfs eg]sf lyP . lgdf{tfx¿n] ljG8f]h / nfOgS;df rNg] Pksf nflu ;+;f/ tof/ gePsf] eGb} j]a;fO6af6 o;nfO{ lgsfn]sf 5g\. Ps hgf lgdf{tfn] l6\j6/df n]v]sf 5g\– o;sf] b'?kof]usf] ;Defjgf w]/} a9L 5 . xfdL o;/L k};f sdfpg rfxb}gf}F . ;f]Pk lsg]sfx¿n]k};f lkmtf{ kfpg]/ ca o;kZrft\;f]Pksf]s'g}gofF k|f¿k gagfpg]pgLx¿n]atfPsf 5g\. pgLx¿n]of]Pk ePsf dflg;x¿nfO{Tof]z]o/ gug{cg'/f]w u/]sf 5g\. lgdf{tf ;d"xn] ;f] Pk dgf]/~hgsf nflu s]xL dlxgf cufl8 agfPsf] atfPsf lyP . To;sf nflu cf6{lkmzn OG6]lnhG; cyf{t\oflGqs rft'o{ k|of]u ul/Psf]lyof]. ;f];ˆ6j]c/ j]a;fO6dfkm{t\b'O{ eh{gdf pknAw lyP . lgMz'Ns pknAw eh{gdf lgdf{0f ul/Psf]tl:a/dfly 7"nf]jf6/dfs{ x'GYof]eg]lslgPsf]eh{gdf Pp6f s'gfdf km]s'n]lvPsf];fgf]5fk x'GYof]. cfˆgf]lj1lKtdf lgdf{tfx¿n]eg]sf 5g\– ;fFRr}eGg'kbf{To;sf]sfd uHha lyPg / lglZrt k|sf/sf]tl:a/df dfq}sfd uYof{]. db/af]8{df n]v 5flkPkl5 Pksf]j]a;fO6df cfpg]dflg;x¿sf];+Vof XjfQ}a9]sf] lyof]. db/af]8{;Fu s'/f ub}{ l/e]Gh kf]g{lj?4sf] cleofg Aof8of;sf ;+:yfks Sof6lng afp8]gn] ;f] PknfO{ 8/nfUbf] eg]sL lyOg\. ca slxNo}gUg tl:a/ glvr]sf hf]sf]xL klg l/e]Gh kf]g{af6 kLl8t x'g;S5 . o:tf]k|ljlw ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pknAw x'g'x'Fb}g .

t]nsf]yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+ OGwg vr{36fcf}+ g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8 kmf]g g++= $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&!
t]nsf]yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+
OGwg vr{36fcf}+
g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8
kmf]g g++= $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&!
6
6
     
 
    @)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/  
 

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/

 

cf“ksf]cfZro{hgs kmfObfx?

wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg'x'Gg

 
 

––––– an/fdan/fdan/fdan/fdan/fd ltdlN;gfltdlN;gfltdlN;gfltdlN;gfltdlN;gf

sf7df8f}F . clxn]cfFksf]l;hg, cfFk w]/}sf]/f]hfO{df kg]{ub{5 . sfFrf] / kfs]sf] b'j} cfFk vfg ;lsG5 .

lnkf]k|f]l6gsf] sd pkl:yltnfO{ 36fpg d2t u5{, h;af6 sf]n]:6]/f]nsf]dfqf 36\5 .

x'G5 . o:tf vlghsf] cefjdf dflg;df ljleGg :jf:Yo ;d:of

k|of]u ug{;lsG5 . PsrDrf cfFksf] u'bL / abfdsf] kfp8/df Ps 6]anrDrf b'w ld;fP/ k]i6 agfpg';\

x/]s ;fFem ;/sf/ cfˆg} 3/ k'Ug' x'G5

   

b]vfk5{g\.

 

/

cg'xf/df nufpg';\. @) ldg]6kl5

 

sfFrf] cfFk crf/, t/sf/L, ;'s'6L agfP/ laqmL ul/G5 . kfs]sf] cfFknfO{h'; agfP/ klg vfg]rng 5 . cfFkdf k|z:t kf}li6s kbfy{kfOg] x'Fbf ;Gt'ng ldnfP/ vfPdf

$= z/L/df cNsfnfOgnfO{ ;Gt'lnt kf5{ M o;n]dfgj z/L/df cNsfnfOgnfO{ ;Gt'lnt /fVg d2t u5{, lsgeg] o;df dflns Pl;8, 6f6f{l/s Pl;8 tyf /fd|f] dfqfdf

!)= of}g Ifdtf a9fp5 M cfFkdf x'g]le6fldg O{n]dflg;df of}gIfdtf a9fpg d2t u5{ . o;n]sf]n]:6]/f]n 36fpg / dw'd]x /f]Sg d2t u5{ . cfFkn]/utdf x'g]3fts xf]df]l;:6fOg

wf]Pkl5 o;n] cg'xf/df rds Nofp5 . !$= skfnsf nflu klg nfebfoL M le6fldg / vlgho'Qm ePsfn]o;n] skfnsf]j[l4nfO{klg nfebfoL x'G5 . o;n]slG8;g/sf]klg sfd u5{ . o;df x'g]le6fldg Pn]rfFof x6fp5

/

cfˆg} cf]5\ofgdf ;'Tg' x'G5 cfˆg} >LdtL;Fu dl:sg' x'G5 wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg' x'Gg

cfˆg} cf]5\ofgdf ;'Tg' x'G5 cfˆg} >LdtL;Fu dl:sg' x'G5 wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg' x'Gg em'lSsP klg s'/f r'x'b}g

/ cfh;Dd s'g} jjfn ePsf] 5}g .

 
:jf:YonfO{kmfObf klg k'U5 . cfFknfO{ kmnsf]/fhf elgG5 . zf:qdf o;nfO{ cd[t kmn elgPsf]5 . cfFk

:jf:YonfO{kmfObf klg k'U5 . cfFknfO{ kmnsf]/fhf elgG5 . zf:qdf o;nfO{ cd[t kmn elgPsf]5 . cfFk sfFrf] xf];\jf kfs]sf], b'j}df cf}ifwLo u'0f x'G5 . cfo'j]{bsf cg';f/, cfFksf kfFr} c+u cyf{t\ af]qmf, h/f, kft, kmn, k"mn ;a}sfddf cfpF5g\. kfs]sf] cfFk u'lnof], jLo{jw{s, kf}li6s, jfo'gfzs, sflGtbfos, zLtn, lkQgfzs x'G5 . cfFksf];]jgn]ef]s klg a9\g]u5{ . o;n]d'6'nfO{alnof] agfpg'sf];fy}lkQnfO{ lgoGq0fdf Nofpg] sfd u5{ . cfFk skmjw{s klg dflgG5 . cfFk rfp/L /f]Sg;d]t k|efjsf/L dflgG5 . cf"k vfbfsf] kmfObfx? M != SofG;/af6 arfp5 M cfFk PlG6clS;8]G6o'Qm x'G5, h;n]:tg SofG;/, k|f]:6]6 SofG;/ sf]nf]g SofG;/ tyf No's]ldofaf6 arfp5 . @= b[li6zlQm a9fp5 M o;df x'g] le6fldg P / /]l6gf]nn]cfFvfsf]zlQm a9fp5 . #= kmfOa/ / le6fldg l;sf] e08f/ M cfFkdf x'g] kmfOa/ / le6fldg l;sf] k|r"/ dfqfn]

;fOl6«s Pl;8 x'G5 . %= kfrg k|lqmof /fd|f]agfp5 M d]jfn] h:t}, cfFkn] klg kfrg zlQmnfO{/fd|f]agfp5, lsgeg]o;df kmfOa/ pNn]Vo dfqfdf x'G5 . kmfOa/n] lb;f /fd|f] x'G5 / d]6faf]lns /]6nfO{ j[l4 u5{ . ^= 5fnfdf rds Nofp5 M cfFkn] 5fnfsf nflu lgs}/fd|f]u5{, 5fnfdf ePsf sfnf wAaf tyf bfu x6fp5 / k|fs[lts rds Nofp5 . cfFkdf x'g] le6fldg P / a]6f Sof/f]l6gn] 5fnf k'glg{df{0f u5{ . &= PlG6clS;8]G6o'Qm M cfFkdf PlG6clS;8]G6 x'gfn] sf]ifnfO{ k'ghLj{g lbg tyf k'glgdf{0f ug{d2t u5{ . o;n] 5fnfnfO{ leq}af6 /f;folgs kbfy{sf] c;/af6 hf]ufp5 . *= k|hgg Ifdtfdf j[l4 u5{ M cfFFk kmf]n]6 / kmf]lns Pl;8o'Qm x'G5, h;n] k|hgg Ifdtf a9fpg d2t u5{ . (= vlgho'Qm M cfFkdf sk/, ;]n]lgod, lh+s tyf kf]6fl;od x'G5, h'g dfgj :jf:Yosf nflu cfjZos

txnfO{lgoGq0f u/L Åbof3ft x'gaf6 arfp5 . xf]df]l;:6fOg /Qm gnLnfO{ cj?4 ug{ ;S5 / Åbof3ft x'g] ;Defjgf x'G5 . !!= ANofsx]8 -sfnf /f}+_ sf] pkrf/ M cfFkn]z/L/df c+udf ePsf sfnf /f}+sf c+z x6fpg klg d2t u5{ . o;sf nflu Ps rDrf cfFksf] u'bL, cfwf rDrf b'w of dx ld;fP/ ld>0f tof/ kfg{'k5{ . o;nfO{ uf]nf] tl/sfn] ;DalGwt 7fpFdf nufpg'k5{ . o;n]d/]sf]5fnf tyf gpld|Psf /f}+ x6fO{ cg'xf/df rds Nofp5 . !@= /f]uk|lt/f]wL M cfFkdf @% k|sf/sf Sof/f]6]gf]O8\; x'G5g\ / ltgLx?df pRr dfqfdf le6fldg l; x'g] x'gfn] z/L/nfO{ /f]u k|lt/f]wL agfpg d2t u5{ . !#= PlG6 Plhª kmfObf M o;n] SofG;/ u/fpg ;Sg]w'nf]sf vt/gfs s0faf6 5fnfnfO{ hf]ufp5 . o;df ePsf le6fleg l;n]808Lkmf]/ cfpg lbb}+g . o;nfO{k|ToIf nufpg]xf]eg] k|fs[lts df]:r/fOh/sf]sfd u5{ . o:t}, o;nfO{km];jf;sf]¿kdf klg

skfndf rds Nofp5 . cf}ifwf]krf/ M slAhot / clws jfo' ePdf cfFksf] sf]of cfuf]df kf]Ng] / To; leqsf]u'bL lgsfNg]/ To;df !–$ efu lxª / l;b]g"g ld;fP/ cf}ifwLnfO{l;;Ldf /fVg]/ cfjZostf cg';f/ !–@ u|fd cf}ifwL dgtftf] kfgL;Fu vfg]u/]df !–@ lbgd}7Ls x'G5 . o:tf]/f]u nfu]df cf"k vfg'x'"b}}g != PnhL{ M cfFk l56f] kfSg SoflN;od sfjf{O8sf]k|of]u ul/G5 . To;}n]PnhL{ePsf dflg;x?n]cfFk vfg'x'Fb}g hf]dflg;x?nfO{PnhL{sf] ;d:of 5 pgLx?n]cfFk vfg'x'Fb}g . @= d'6'sf] /f]uL M cfFkdf kf]6fl;zodsf] dfqf Hofbf x'G5 . cfFk w]/}vfFbf z/L/df sf]n]:6«f]n a9\g] u5{ . o;n]d'6'df ;d:of u5{ . #= c:ydf M cfFkdf Pgfsfl8{s Pl;8 x'gfn] cj:yfdf ePsf la/fdLx?n] cfFk vfg'x'Fb}g . o;n] ;f; lng ;d:of k}bf u5{ . $= bf"t M cfFkdf le6fldg–;L x'G5 . o;sf]clws ;]jgn]le6fldg ;Lsf] dfqf a9\5 . h;sf sf/0f bfFtdf gf]S;fg k'¥ofpg]sfd u5{ . %= d'vsf]5fnf hfg];d:of :

cfFkn]zl//df udL{k}bf u5{ . o;sf sf/0f cf]7df 5fnf hfg] ;d:of b]lvG5 . ^= 8fola6Lh M 8fola6Lhsf] ;d:of ePsf JolQmx?n]cfFk vfg' x'Fb}g . cfFk w]/}g}u'lnof]x'g]ePsf sf/0f z/L/df ;'u/ n]en a9\5 . &= k]6sf] ;d:of M cfFkdf kmfOj/sf] dfqf w]/} x'gfn] z/L/df udL{k}bf u5{ . To;}n]k]6sf];d:of ePsf dflg;x?n]cfFk vfg'x'Fb}g . *= df]6f]kg M cfFkdf ;'u/ / Sofnf]/L w]/}x'gfn]df]6f]dflg;x?n] klg cfFk vfg'x'Fb}g . o;sf sf/0f emg\tf}n a9\g]u5{ .

gªdf kl/jt{g uDeL/ /f]usf];+s]t

s'g} ;fFem dlb/fn] cw{–a]xf];L ePsf] avt w]/} k6s em'lSsg' eof] ;/sf/ l5d]sLsf] 9f]sf 9s9sfpg' eof] xf]6njfnLsf ufnf d';fg{' eof] cfltYotf u/]s} cf]5\ofgdf w]/} k6s ;' pDsfpg' eof] slt k6s t ;/sf/ kvf{n r9\bf r9\b} v'd{'l/g' eof] t/, ;/sf/sf] zlQmsf ;fd' ;f/f tYox¿ lg/Lx eP ;j} ;fIfLx¿ lghL{j eP o;/L ;/sf/sf] huhuLsf] ;dodf tL ;j} 36gf ;fd;'d eP k6s–k6s em'lSsP/ klg nf]sn] lha|f] lems]/ eG5– wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg' x'Gg Û

;ef;bsf] l6s6 afF8\bfsf] avt of lgo'lQmsf] gfd 5fGbfsf] avt Toqf] sfo{stf{sf] eL8df ;j}eGbf klxn] cfˆg} >LdtL ;Demg' eof] 5f]/L–a'xf/L ;Demg' eof] ;fnf–;fnL ;Demg' eof] efOelthf ;Demg' eof] Toqf] tgfj, Toqf] le8ef8 Toqf] bjfj, Toqf] eg;'g k6s–k6s em'lSsg' kg]{ xf] ;/sf/ g} eP/ dfq} xf] wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg' 6\ofs–6\ofs cfkmGt 5fGg' eof] .

 

sf7df8f}F. gªn]dfgj :jf:Yosf] cj:yf s:tf] 5 eg]/ O+lut ug{;S5 . gªdf ;]tf]b]lvg', u'nfaL /ªsf] b]lvg' jf cf}Fnf jl/kl/ 3fph:tf] b]lvg' :jf:Yodf s]xL /f]usf nIf0f 5g\ eGg] hgfp xf]. sn]hf], kmf]S;f]jf d'6'sf];d:of ;d]t gªaf6 klg yfxf kfpg ;lsG5 . cfpg';\, gªn] atfpg] :jf:Yosf] /x:oaf/]cfpg';\hfgf}F . km';|f]km';|f]km';|f]km';|f]km';|f] gªgªgªgªgª km';|f] gª s]xL uDeL/ /f]usf] nIf0f x'g;S5 . km';|f]gªn]Plgldof,

x6{km]lno/, sn]hf]/f]u, s'kf]if0f cflb /f]usf];+s]t u5{ . ;]tf]];]tf]];]tf]];]tf]];]tf]] gªgªgªgªgª olb gªsf] jl/kl/ uf9f ;]tf] b]lvPdf sn]hf]sf];d:of ePsf]dfGg ;lsG5, h:t}x]kf6fOl6; . kx]+nf]kx]+nf]kx]+nf]kx]+nf]kx]+nf] gªgªgªgªgª kx]nf]gªsf]d'Vo sf/0f km+un OGkm]S;g xf]. olb OGkm]S;g a9]sf] v08df gª sfnf] x'g;S5 / df]6f] eP/ gª efFlrg ;S5 . s]xL b'n{e s];df kx]Fnf]gªn]yfO/f]O8, kmf]S;f]sf] ;d:of, dw'd]x, 5fnfsf] ;d:of

;f]/f]l;; klg x'g;S5 . lgnf]lgnf]lgnf]lgnf]lgnf] gªgªgªgªgª lgnf]/ªn]b]lvg]gªn]z/L/df clS;hgsf] sdL ePsf] eg]/ hgfpF5 . To:tf]/ªsf]gª b]lvPsf kmf]S;f]sf];d:of h:t}Olkm;]df ePsf] klg x'g;S5 . s]xL d''6'sf ;d:of klg o; k|sf/sf gªn] atfpg

s]xL u8a8 ePsf]cj:yf x'g;S5 . sfnf]sfnf]sfnf]sfnf]sfnf] /ªsf]/ªsf]/ªsf]/ªsf]/ªsf] wsf{wsf{wsf{wsf{wsf{ b]lvg'b]lvg'b]lvg'b]lvg'b]lvg' gªdf sfnf]/ªsf]wsf{ b]lvPdf o;n]uDeL/ /f]usf];+s]t ul//x]sf] x'g;S5 . o:tf]x'g'sf]sf/0f t'?Gt kQf nufpg'k5{ . 5fnfsf];a}eGbf 8/nfUbf]SofG;/ …d]nfgf]dfÚ n]eP/ klg o:tf]ePsf]x'g;S5 . gªgªgªgªgª 6f]ls/xg]6f]ls/xg]6f]ls/xg]6f]ls/xg]6f]ls/xg] afgLafgLafgLafgLafgL gª 6f]Sg';fdfGo afgL dfq gx'g ;S5 . of] cA;]l;e sDknl;e l8;c8{/ klg x'g;S5 . of] eg]sf] Ps k|sf/sf] dfgl;s ;d:of xf],

;S5g\.

;/sf/ cfˆgf] p2]Zodf k|i6 x'g' x'G5 sf] cfˆgf] sf] k/fO{ lrGg' x'G5

 

w;f{w;f{w;f{w;f{w;f{ b]lvg]b]lvg]b]lvg]b]lvg]b]lvg] gªgªgªgªgª olb gªdf ;]tf]w;f{, s'lRrPsf] h:tf] b]lvof] eg] ;f]/f]l;;, cf/yfOl6;sf nIf0fx? x'g ;S5g\.

 

o:tf]cj:yfdf gªsf]/ª kl/jt{g x'g], gªsf] jl/kl/sf] 5fnf xNsf /ftf]/ v}/f]b]lvG5 . 6'qm]sf6'qm]sf6'qm]sf6'qm]sf6'qm]sf tyftyftyftyftyf lrl/Psflrl/Psflrl/Psflrl/Psflrl/Psf gªgªgªgªgª ;'Vvf clg 6'lqm/xg] gªn] yfO/f]O8sf] nIf0f x'g] atfpF5 . km+un OGkm]S;g eO{ gª kx]Fnf]x'g] clg 6'lqmg], lrl/g]x'G5 . gªgªgªgªgª jl/kl/jl/kl/jl/kl/jl/kl/jl/kl/ ;'lGgg';'lGgg';'lGgg';'lGgg';'lGgg' gª jl/kl/ ;'lGgPsf] 5, /ftf] b]lvG5 / b'vfO klg w]/}dx;'; x'G5 eg]To;n]klg s]xL ;d:of 5 eg]/ bzf{pF5 . o:tf] cj:yfn] s]xL /f]u;Fu nl8/x]sf]cj:yf b]vfpF5 . of]] n'k;sf] ;+s]t tyf tGt'x?df

h;df dflg;nfO{Pp6}sfd ul//xg dg nfUg]x'G5 . olb tkfO{+ of]afgL cfkm}+ 5f]8\g ;Sg'x'Gg eg]8fS6/sf] k/fdz{lng';\. ljleGgy/L tyf cj:yfsf gªn] :jf:Yodf ljleGg ;d:ofsf] nIf0f b]vfpg]eP klg of]b'n{e ?kdf x'g ;S5g\. gªdf ;d:of b]lvg]lalQs} xflgsf/s tyf 8/nfUbf]x'G5 eGg] xf]Og . ;a};]tf gª x'Fb}df x]k6fOl6; g}nfu]sf]x'g;S5 eGg]xf]Og . olb tkfO{+ cfˆgf]gªdf cfpg]kl/jt{gk|lt ;hu x'g rfxg'x'G5 eg]lrlsT;s jf 5fnf/f]u ljz]if1;Fu ;Nnfx lng'xf];\.

s;nfO{ prfNg] s;nfO{ k5fg]{ a'‰g' x'G5 s;nfO{ lgrf]g]{ s;nfO{ lryf]g]{ e]p kfpg' x'G5 hlt w]/} em'lSsP klg cfˆgf] lxt x'g] s'/fdf ;/sf/ slxn} em'lSsg' x'Gg olt w]/} wk]8L 5 olt w]/} df/fdf/ 5 wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg' x'Gg .

s'/fdf ;/sf/ slxn} em'lSsg' x'Gg olt w]/} wk]8L 5 olt w]/} df/fdf/ 5 wGg ;/sf/ em'lSsg'

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/

@)&^ ;fn c;f/ @@ ut]cfOtaf/ 7
7
7

dlxnfn]ljz]if clwsf/sf]nflu n8\g cfjZos

dlxnf eg]/ ;Daf]wg ubf{ sltnfO{ g/fd|f]nfU5, pgLx? gf/L gfddf ;Daf]wg ug{ ?rfp5g\. pgLx? :qL eg]/ cfb/efjsf] ;fy ;Daf]wg u/]sf] 7fGb5g\. sf]xL gfdb{sf]gfddf ;Daf]wg ub{5g\t sf]xL cfOdfO{eg]/ klg ;Daf]wg ug]{

ub{5g\. sf]xL cfOPglhcf]sf] k};f ;Sgsf]nflu ax; ub{5g\t sf]xL /fhgLlts :jfy{ k'/f ug{sf] nflu ax;nfO{pTsif{df k'¥ofpg]k|oTgdf nflu/x]sf x'G5g\. sf]xLn];/f]sf/sf] laifo 7fg]/ ax; ug]{ u/]sf 5g\t s;}n] of] a];/f]sf/sf] ax; 7fGg]

kl5Nnf]cj:yfkl5 dfq xf]. ;+;f/e/ clxn] klg xfdL laleGg s'k|yfsf cj:yf b]Vb5f}+ h'g dlxnflaz]ifnfO{ nlIft u/]/ rn]sf lyP . xfd|f] ;dfhdf af]S;L k|yf, 5f}kl8 k|yf, b]psL tyf s'df/L k|yf, sGofbfg k|yf, k}lqs ;DklQlaxLg x'g]rng,

cfly{s clwsf/ u'dfP/ bf;Tjsf] cj:yfdf hLjg afFr]sf 5g\. sf]xL dlxnf blnt cj:yfsf] kL8f k'?if eGbf a9L ;x]/ afFr]sf 5g\ eg] If]qLo tyf hftLo cj:yfsf] kL8f klg To;/L g}ef]lu/x]sf 5g\. sf]xL ;dfg g}5g\lg eGg]efjsf

ts{x? u5{g, sf]xL slxNo}x'g g;Sg] ts{x? ug]{ ub{5g\. Psfyl/n]rflx+ s] k'?ifx?aLrdf rflx+ ;dfgtf 5

/ eg]/ k|ltk|Zgx? ug]{ ub{5g\.

o;}aLr xfdL ;a} rf;f] gePsf] laifodf klg cfOPglhcf]sf]of]hgfdf ax;df k'Ug]u/]sf klg 5f}+ . vf;df s;l/ ;Dej x'G5 n}+lus ;dfgtf < of]laifodf 3f]lTnP/ ;f]Rg'h?/L 5 . hgfj/x? aLrdf g s;}nfO{ laz]if clwsf/ 5 g c;dfgtf / lje]b 5 . dflg; ;r]t k|0fL xf]hf] cfˆgf cfjZostfsf ;a};jfnx?sf] ;dfwfg ug{;Sg] Ifdtf /fVb5g\. n}+lus c;dfgtf klg clxn]sf] ;dfwfgsf] ;jfn xf] h'g ;lhn} dflg;n];dfwfgsf]Odtf /fVb5 t/ ePsf]5}g . lsg o:tf]5 t < lsgls ;a}dflg;n]o;sf];dfwfg vf]h]sf 5}gg\. cem eGg]xf]eg]zf;s ju{n] g}o;sf];dfwfg ug{ gvf]h]sfn]of] hl6n h:tf]ag]sf]5 . ;dfgtfsf]s'/f ubf{lg/k]If eP/ vf]Hg yfNof}+ eg]xfdL c;Dej /x]sf] lgZsif{df k'Ub5f}+ . ;dfgtfsf]s'/f ;fk]lIft s'/f xf]. dlxnf dfq x}g juL{o ;dfhdf k'?ifk'?ifaLrdf klg c;dfgtf 5 . juL{o ;dfh /x];Dd dlxnf–k'?if ;dfgtfsf] s'/f cfsfzsf] kmn x'G5 . n}lus

;dfgtfsf]laifodf ax; ubf{juL{o ;d:ofsf]laifodf ghf]l8sg ;dfwfg vf]Hg]Psvfnsf]a'h{'jf b[li6sf]0f;Fu xf]l;of/ /xg'kb{5 . Psvfnsf dflg; n}lus laifodf ax; ubf{;+j}wflgs, sfg'gL, cfly{s, /fhgLlts cfwf/df ;dfgtf g}5 eGg] ub{5g\. kfl/jfl/s cfwf/df x]bf{ klg ;dfg clwsf/ sfod 5 t/ kl/jf/sf] k|d'vsf] :jfldTjdf ;DklQ /xg] u/]sfn] a]d]nsf] cj:yfdf c;dfgtf em}+ nfUg]u/L ;d:of >[hgf x'g]u/]sf]5, cj:yfsf] ;dfwfg vf]h]kl5 ;dfgtfsf]glhs k'luG5 eGg]pgLx?sf]wf/0ff 5 . zl/l/s agfj6 kf]yL hftLsf] ;fgf]/ xn'sf x'g]ub{5, efn]hftLsf] h:tf] cfsif{s / a9]dfgsf] x'Fb}g . efn] hftL :jefj}n] zlQmzfnL / :jtGq x'G5 . of}lgs lx;fan] klg xd]zf tof/L cj:yfsf] h:tf] efg x'G5 . h}las lx;fjn]klg kf]yLaf6 km}nfj6sf]Ifdtf sdhf]/ /x]sf]x'G5 . o;n]agfPsf]la;dtf ;dfhdf xfdL hlt;'s} ldnfP klg a/fa/ ug{ ;lsGg . clxn] ;dfhdf b]lvPsf] lae]bsf]sf/0f oxL g}xf]. o;f]eg]/ ts{ug]{x?sf]klg ahf/ sDtfsf]5}g . xfdL afFr]sf]a'h{'jf ;dfhdf P]gf hlQs}5n{Ë b]lvPsf]s'/f s]5 eg] JolQmsf]:jfldTjsf]k'FhLdf cfwfl/t cfly{s tTjsf]pkl/;+/rgfsf]cfwf/

/ wd{ ;+:s[ltsf] hfnn] dflg;

afFlwPsf 5g\. o;df pQ/cfw'lgstf

/ pkef]Qmfjfbn]dflg;nfO{ ufFh]sf]

5 . of];Gbe{cfly{s clwsf/ u'd]sf]

dlxnf ;d'bfo a9L k|efljt ePsf] b]lvG5 . ;a} s'/f k'FhL / To;;Fu hf]l8Psf] zlQm;Fu hf]l8P/ cfpFbf dlxnf ;d'bfo a9L zf]lift, plTkl8t, bldt, cGofo / bldt cj:yfdf k'u]sf] b]lvG5 . ;dfhdf dlxnf

;d'bfo a9L lab|f]lx ag]sf] cj:yf b]lvG5 . x/]s ju{;+3if{ / lab|f]xx?

dlxnfsf] d'lQm;Fu hf]l8P/ cfpFbf pgLx? cu|df]rf{df pkl:yt ePsf] b]Vg ;lsG5 . laz]ifu/L hgo'4df of] ;d'bfo a9L cfzfjfbL ag]/ lqmofzLn ag]sf] cg'e'uL x/]s cg';Gwfgstf{n]atfPsf 5g\. dflg; ;Eo ;dfhlt/ nlDsgsf] nflu dlxnfnfO{laz]if k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ ;fdflhs ;+/rgf lgdf{0f ug{' cfjZos 5 . dlxnfsf] / tdfd d'lQmsfdL >dhLljsf] nflu ;dfh ;j{xf/f juL{o b[li6sf]0fdf cfwfl/t eP/ gofF;+/rgfdf v8f ug{'h?/L

5 . ;dfg :jtGqtfsf]gf/fdf dlxnfO{

em'SofP/ km]l/klg ;fFem kgf{;fy skm{'

em}+ cj:yfdf afFRg] l:yltaf6 d'Qm

ug{ ;a}nfUg'h?/L 5 . clxn]klg dlxnf ;d'bfon] ljz]if clwsf/sf] nflu n8\g' cfjZos 5 . wd{sf] hfnaf6 d'Qm x'g]/ k'FhLsf]k|efjaf6 d'Qm ge}sg sf]xL vf;df d'Qm ePsf x'Fb}gg\eg]/ a'‰g'h?/L 5 . dlxnfsf] sfd ;]jfsf] nflu eGg] dfGotf / l:yltaf6 dlxnf d'Qm x'g'h?/L 5 . d'VotM /fhgLlts g]t[Tjaf6 o;sf] kxn lng cfjZos x'G5 . l:ylt s:tf]s7f]/ cj:yfdf 5 eg] larf/sf]cfwf/df dflg;sf];DaGw sfod ePsf] x'G5 . gftf / /Qm ;DaGw sdhf]/ x'Fb} u}/x]sf] 5 . larf/sf] cfwf/df >Ldfgsf] larf/df lx+8\g dlxnf jfWo ePsf] cj:yf 5 . >Ldfgn]kf6L{x? rxfbf{ dlxnf klg ;f]xL cg';f/ kl5kl5 lx+8\g jfWo ePsf kL8f klg cf]sNg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf 5g\sf]xL dlxnfx? . ;r]t / ;+ul7t dlxnfx?n] o;df ult lbg'cfjZos 5 . k'?ifn]klg

dlxnfsf]of]cj:yfnfO{;Ddfghgs 9Ën];Daf]wg ug{'cfjZos 5 .

ljgf]b bfxfn l:yltl:yltl:yltl:yltl:ylt s:tf]s:tf]s:tf]s:tf]s:tf] s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/
ljgf]b bfxfn
l:yltl:yltl:yltl:yltl:ylt s:tf]s:tf]s:tf]s:tf]s:tf]
s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/s7f]/ cj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdf
55555 eg]eg]eg]eg]eg] larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf]
cfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/df
dflg;sf]dflg;sf]dflg;sf]dflg;sf]dflg;sf] ;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw
sfodsfodsfodsfodsfod ePsf]ePsf]ePsf]ePsf]ePsf]
x'G5x'G5x'G5x'G5x'G5
gftfgftfgftfgftfgftf /////
/Qm/Qm/Qm/Qm/Qm ;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw;DaGw sdhf]/sdhf]/sdhf]/sdhf]/sdhf]/ x'Fb}x'Fb}x'Fb}x'Fb}x'Fb} u}/x]sf]u}/x]sf]u}/x]sf]u}/x]sf]u}/x]sf] 55555
larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf]larf/sf] cfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/dfcfwf/df >Ldfgsf]>Ldfgsf]>Ldfgsf]>Ldfgsf]>Ldfgsf] larf/dflarf/dflarf/dflarf/dflarf/df lx+8\glx+8\glx+8\glx+8\glx+8\g
dlxnfdlxnfdlxnfdlxnfdlxnf jfWojfWojfWojfWojfWo ePsf]ePsf]ePsf]ePsf]ePsf] cj:yfcj:yfcj:yfcj:yfcj:yf 55555
>Ldfgn]>Ldfgn]>Ldfgn]>Ldfgn]>Ldfgn]
kf6L{x?kf6L{x?kf6L{x?kf6L{x?kf6L{x? rxfbf{rxfbf{rxfbf{rxfbf{rxfbf{ dlxnfdlxnfdlxnfdlxnfdlxnf klgklgklgklgklg ;f]xL;f]xL;f]xL;f]xL;f]xL cg';f/cg';f/cg';f/cg';f/cg';f/
kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5kl5 lx+8\glx+8\glx+8\glx+8\glx+8\g jfWojfWojfWojfWojfWo ePsfePsfePsfePsfePsf kL8fkL8fkL8fkL8fkL8f klgklgklgklgklg
cf]sNg]cf]sNg]cf]sNg]cf]sNg]cf]sNg] cj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdfcj:yfdf k'u]sfk'u]sfk'u]sfk'u]sfk'u]sf 5g\5g\5g\5g\5g\ sf]xLsf]xLsf]xLsf]xLsf]xL
dlxnfx?dlxnfx?dlxnfx?dlxnfx?dlxnfx?
;r]t;r]t;r]t;r]t;r]t ///// ;+ul7t;+ul7t;+ul7t;+ul7t;+ul7t dlxnfx?n]dlxnfx?n]dlxnfx?n]dlxnfx?n]dlxnfx?n]
o;dfo;dfo;dfo;dfo;df ultultultultult lbg'lbg'lbg'lbg'lbg'cfjZoscfjZoscfjZoscfjZoscfjZos 55555
k'?ifn]k'?ifn]k'?ifn]k'?ifn]k'?ifn] klgklgklgklgklg
dlxnfsf]dlxnfsf]dlxnfsf]dlxnfsf]dlxnfsf] of]of]of]of]of] cj:yfnfO{cj:yfnfO{cj:yfnfO{cj:yfnfO{cj:yfnfO{ ;Ddfghgs;Ddfghgs;Ddfghgs;Ddfghgs;Ddfghgs 9·n]9·n]9·n]9·n]9·n]
;Daf]wg;Daf]wg;Daf]wg;Daf]wg;Daf]wg ug{'ug{'ug{'ug{'ug{'cfjZoscfjZoscfjZoscfjZoscfjZos 55555

ub{5g\. cfwf cfsfz eg]/ ;f+s]lts efifdf ;Daf]wg u/]sf]klg xfdL e]6g ;S5f}+ . s}of}+ dlxnfx?n]cfˆgf]h'gL lagf ;Daf]wg klg latfPsf 5g\. gfd s]lyof]eg]/ hfGg'kg]{ cj:yf g} gcfOsg pgLx?sf] h'gL laTbf klg ;dfh k|Zg p7fpFb}gYof]. h]xf];\ clwsf/ vf]Hg]dlxnfx? dlxnf eg]/ g};Daf]wg ?rfpg]ub{5g\. dlxnf clxn] ;Daf]wg ug}{kg]{ cj:yfdf 5g\ . dlxnf–k'?if ;dfgtfsf ax;x? w]/} x'g] u/]sf 5g\. sf]xL gfl/jfbL x'FeGb}ax; u5{g\t sf]xL dlxnf clwsf/jfbL eP/ ax;

u/]sf 5g\. sf]xLsf] s] ts{ cfpg] u/]sf]5 eg]juL{o d'2fnfO{ ax;sf] s]Gb|df /fVg'kg]{df n}+lus, hftLo, ;f+:s[lts, If]qLo h:tf d'2fnfO{ ax;sf]s]Gb|df n}hfFbf ;a}k|of;x? Joy{ x'g k'Ub5g\. h]xf];\ n}+lus d'2fnfO{lnP/ ;Fw}h;f]ax; x'g]u/]sf 5g\h'g cfjZos klg 5 . dlxnf ;/f]sf/ r]tgfsf] pkh xf]. ;lbof}+b]lv bf;tfsf]cj:yf xf] dlxnf ;d'bfosf]. laut dlxnfsf] nflu cToGt si6s/ / ;+s6sf] cj:yf xf]. dlxnfn]dflg;sf]h'gL kfpg] cj:yf clwsf/sf] n8fO{+sf]

ltns tyf bfOhf] k|yf, laleGg cj:yfdf la6'nL x'g]rng, jfnljjfx, cfl>t / lgoGqt x'g]cj:yf, k'?ifsf] wfld{s agfpg]lgot cflb dlxnfn] ef]lu/x]sf ;d:of x'g\h;sf]k|efj hLjgsf x/]s If]qdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . ;tLk|yf h:tf] q"m/ / lgb{oL k|yf dlxnfsf]hLjgaf6 efu]sf]cj:yf 5 eg]k/ g;b}{ rf]vL sGof ljjfx ug]{ eGb}sfvdf af]s]/ n}hfg]h:tf] ljj]sxLg ljjfxk4tL klg clxn] ;dfhaf6 pGd'ng e};s]sf]cj:yf 5 . ;a} dlxnfn] Ps} lsl;dn] ;d:of ef]lu/x]sf 5}gg, sf]xLn]

le;f z'Ns a9\of]

sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n];fpg ! ut]b]lv nfu'x'g]u/L emG8}!) jif{kl5

k|j]zf1f -le;f_ z'Ns a9fPsf]5 . ko{6s, cWoog, u}/ko{6sLo, Jofj;flos

/ cfjf;Lo le;f b:t'/ a9fpg]dlGqkl/ifb\sf]lg0f{ocg';f/ u[x dGqfnon]

kl/jlt{t le;f z'Ns nfu"ug{ nfu]sf]xf]. cWofudg ljefun]gofFle;f z'Ns sfof{Gjog ug]{ tof/L u/]sf]5 . u[xn]kl5Nnf]k6s @)^% ;fpg ! ut]b]lv gofF le;f z'Ns sfof{Gjogdf NofPsf] lyof]. emG8}!) jif{kl5

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/ cfl>t kl/jf/sf]le;f z'Ns % 8n/ a9fP/ !% 8n/ k'¥ofOPsf]5 .

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