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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE


SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CHAPTER I

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

THE PROBLEM

Lately, technology has been raised rapidly simultaneous by

the new technology era. There are plenty of gadgets created by

inventors. One of the gadgets is the smart phones. This device

is viewed as an important communication tool and had become an

integral part of the world society. Then, these smart phones

become popular among college students. On top of that, students

are able to use mobile phones in many ways. Through mobile

phones, they can access some information by means of internet,

they can communicate with friends anytime and anywhere, for

entertainment like mobile games, movies and social media sites

and also they can use their mobile phones in their study. In

European Journal of Scientific Research, Muhammad and Tariq

(2013) state that “mobile phones are used widely by college

students”. So, this drastic growth of mobile phones use by

college students on campus has impacts and effects that are

obvious in education, health and in social life. These mobile

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

phones have affected students in many ways either positive or

negative.

Students use their mobile phones in their study. They are

able to search any kind of information or something that is

related to their studies. This encourages them to seek some

information such as articles, dictionary, research, encyclopedia

and many more. According to Norazah, (20013) “Information is

easy to access with the mobile phones and its constants

connectivity to the internet”. This can help them finish their

assignments, projects and etc. faster. Moreover, students can

save their time to find references from the library. Mobile

phones really have become part on student’s life on campus.

Internet access has exposed many adolescents to different kinds

of contents. Just of recent, the availability of different kinds

of affordable and inexpensive android mobile phones made it very

easy for the adolescents to have access to different types of

social media and pornographic sites where they access, download,

exchange and watch pornographic films of different sexual

orientations from all over the world. The situation is worsened

by the ignorance and carefree attitudes of parents who are

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

mostly oblivious of and careless about these adolescents’ needs

and challenges. (Taylor & Harper 2003).

The continuous downwards spiraling in academic performance,

the rise in cases of drop-outs, the increase in most of the

unacceptable, immoral, and antisocial behaviors perpetrated by

students in secondary schools today, which include truancy,

massive failures, exam malpractices, improper dress codes,

indiscriminate sexual relationships with opposite as well as

same sex and most violent behaviors, can mainly be attributed to

the influence of the mobile phone.

According to majority of research done so far, it was

discovered that the use of mobile phone in schools is

problematic. As Ling and Helmersen states, the mobile phone is

“at cross purpose with the mission of the school”. While in

school students are supposed take on their prescribed roles as

student with full concentration on their studies and free from

contact with the outside world. However, the mobile phone gives

room to blending students’ roles with other roles thus

distracting and disrupting the students’ academic work (Gergen,

2002;Halpen, 2003; &Franzini, 2002). In the past when fixed

telephones were the norm in schools, there were minimum

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

distractions and disruptions but presently with the invasion of

mobile phone and the eagerness of parents to maintain contact

with their wards, the device is becoming part of the classroom.

Thus, the mobile phone has the power to undermine the schools’

authority and weaken their control over students as well as

affects their level of academic performances.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Mobile phones are now part of most people’s lives today

especially to the students presently. It is now very common

sight today in our society and in our school, you can commonly

see students going to class/school with their phones on their

hand or in their ear, some are expensive, big, thin and flashy.

Mobile phones that has all the applications, facilities and

software that can connect them to the internet and all forms of

social media sites, other websites and so on, where they can

chat, post selfies, access, stream, upload and download

different kind of media contents which most often are

pornographic in nature (Olofuniyi,Fashiku,&Owombo2012).

Instead of concentrating on their classroom work, they gave

more emphasis to the use of the mobile phone in their classes

and boarding houses. This may be partly attributed to poor

teaching methods, lack of teaching materials, lack of

supervision by the parents and the teachers etc, and this may

affect the students’ performance or achievement in school. The

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

mobile phone usage pattern of most of these students, during and

after school hours, such as their level of engagement in free

night calls, chatting, instant messaging, social networking and

exam malpractices etc. is greatly influencing their academic

performance.

This study aims to find out the effects of

technological development of mobile phones to the academic

performance of Bachelor in Secondary Education 4-A.

specifically, this study aims to answer the following

questions:

1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:

a. Age

b. Sex

2. How frequent does the students use their mobile phones in

class?

3. What is the usage of mobile phone that affects the

academic performance of BSE 4A?

4. What are the positive and negative effects of using

mobile phones among the students from BSE 4A in their

academic performance?

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

THEORETICAL PARADIGM

Erikson (1968), in his psychosocial theory, describes post

adolescence as a period of searching for identity. Young adults

struggle with identifying who they are, to what group they

belong and who they want to be. Elkind (1967), in his theory on

adolescent egocentrism, pointed out heightened self-

consciousness during adolescence. Young adults also become

extremely self-conscious and pay significant attention to what

peers think of them. Both Erikson and Elkind highlighted

increased peer influence on youth. An empirical study also

confirmed that youth are particularly susceptible to trends,

fashions and styles, which make them more willing to adopt new

technological devices and certain behavioral characteristics

(Ling, 2001).

Both theoretical perspectives and previous empirical

studies suggest that the recent rapid increase in cell phones

has influenced multiple aspects of our daily lives, particularly

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

those of young adults. The aim of the current study, therefore,

is to examine how important it is and how does it affect the

academic performance of college students to use and their usage

pattern of cell phone in class rooms, the impact of mobile phone

on learning and the effects of mobile phone on the academic

skills acquired age wise and education wise, income wise and by

living status. Gender differences were also examined to provide

additional evidence that clarifies current controversial

findings.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Development of
Mobile Phones How does it affect the
Conformity of
Academic
Curiosity of Students Students to the use of
Performance of BSE
Mobile Phones
Satisfaction of Needs 4a?

Socialization

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

ASSUMPTIONS

This research study pursued to determine and identify the

effects of mobile phones in the academic performance of BSE-4A

students of Baao Community College school year 2017.

This study focuses on male and female and in different ages

taking up the Bachelor of Secondary Education, fourth year

students, section A.

 The students from BSE 4A usually and commonly uses

mobile phones for their assignment, reference books

(e-books), research and entertainment.

 The respondents often use their mobile phones for

browsing different sites such as YouTube, Facebook,

Google, etc. with the help of internet.

 The respondents of this research are expected to

respond with honesty in answering the given

questionnaire.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

HYPOTHESIS

There is no significant difference on the influence of the

frequency of mobile phone usage on academic performance among

male and female in different age groups, different parent’s

occupation in BSE 4A students.

There is a large effect and influence in each student’s

academic performance in their attention span level, study habit,

and such. Mobile phone use also has effects not only in their

academic performance but also in their physical activities, and

other hobbies.

 It is faster for respondents to use mobile phones as a

tool in finding meanings and in research.

 The use of mobile phone gives the learners more

efficient and reliable sources in collecting

information that can help them in their research and

in study.

 Mobile phones also has its negative effects among

learners such as browsing inappropriate sites,

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

different false information they could acquire, and

for being neglectful to their studies.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study was an attempt to address specific issue

particularly to the effects of mobile phones on the academic

performance of the BSE 4A students. This research is expected to

contribute and help to give solution that can help to prevent

some certain issues with regards to the affecting issue to the

academic performance of the students.

This study can help the following:

To Students. This research study was conducted to determine the

effects of mobile phones on the students’ academic performance;

therefore, students themselves are the paramount and the focus

of this. It can help them realize the benefits they could get

from this research.

To Parents. The students are the main concern of this study

however; they are not the only ones who are considered as main

respondents but also parents. This research can also help them

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

determine the factors that can affect their child’s performance

in school and help them prevent from bad influences.

To Educators. This study can not only help parents from guiding

their children to right path, but also this research could help

teachers identify the factors influencing the academic

performance of their students in school. They could easily

determine the appropriate measure in selecting teaching method

through technological tools that his/her students can relate

from.

To Administrators. School is considered as the second home of

every student. This research can help the administrators

facilitate his/her school well by providing efficient

environment and influences that can help students, and

determining the leading influences that can affect the

performance of students.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

SCOPE AND LIMITATION

This study is to be conducted to determine the effects of

mobile phones in the academic performance among students from

the Bachelor in Secondary Education, fourth year section A at

the Baao Community College, Baao, Camarines Sur, Philippines.

The aspects will look into priorities, span of attention to

class discussion, study and sleeping habit, and usage of mobile

phone. How does it affect their academic performance?

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

DEFINITION OF TERMS

o Application

-It is a certain program that is installed in phones

or any gadget that has a specific task to perform.

o E-books

-a kind of book or reading material that is installed

and can be open inside a phone or any electronic

devices.

o Internet

-it is a kind of a communication network that can be

used to connect one computer or any electronic devices

to other.

o Mobile Phones

-it is a kind of an electronic device which is a size

or smaller than a palm that people can bring with them

and use outside.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

o Psychosocial

-this involves to psychological and social aspects of

one person.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

SYNTHESIS OF THE STATEMENT OF THE ART

According to Risto J. Moisio (2003), University of Nebraska

B Lincoln, negative consequences of technology are not

properties of technologies themselves but reflection of

particular “way of consuming” that embodies a particular

definition of technology and conceptualization of its uses. The

time and money wastage of young generation is the highly rated

negative aspect of mobile phones dependence. On the other hand,

it also has negative effect on their social behavior and

education. It was concluded in a study in Sakarya University

Turkey (2013) that young people text at least 5 times a day and

want to reply immediately. This shows that when frequency of

mobile phone use increases, addiction level gets higher. It was

also found that when the mobile phone addiction level increases

in the students, their sleep quality deteriorates.

Amna Baig, Quaid-I-Azam University of Islamabad finds that

majority of young students showed emotional instability towards

mobile phones which leads to anxiety, restlessness,

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

sleeplessness and depression. The excessive users of mobile

phone also become prone to various mental, physical and

psychological diseases.

These researches only concluded that the dependence of a

person to a mobile phone is not just because of technological

devices only but also because of the user itself. It maybe has a

positive effect on us but it also has a negative. In this

statement above- so much exposure to mobile phone can give a

person different illnesses.

It is just a matter of responsibilities in handling

changing and innovating technology, proper way of use is much

necessary than what we want and desires.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CHAPTER II

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

LITERATURE REVIEW

A. Mobile Phone

The mobile phone was originally made for adults for

business use. This is extremely similar to the fixed

telephone in the early 20th century, where telephone

engineers explained that the telephone was made for the

business world and not for social conversation. The

growth of mobile phone technology is demonstrated by the

fact that in 2002 the number of mobile phone users

worldwide, surpassed those of fixed-phone users. It has

been predicted that by the end of 2005, the number of

mobile phone subscribers worldwide will reach 2 billion

(Deloitte Research, 2005) and in Australia will reach

19.2 million.

According to Rich Ling, the mobile phone has

fundamentally affected our society, accessibility,

safety, and security, co-ordination of social and

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

business activities. It has become the part of culture of

every region in the world. The craze of mobile phone

started after 1980’s, but it has now touched the level of

esteem. First, it was just for a status symbol but now it

has become a dire need of the day and is in the reach of

everyone.

B. Uses of Mobile Phone

The usefulness of cell phones is numerous and this

includes keeping contact with friends, members of the

family, conducting business and others. Many people

possess more than one mobile phone for different

purposes, which could be for business purpose or personal

purpose. A number of people are also taking the advantage

of multiple SIM cards for benefit of different calling

plans since a calling plan might provide cheaper local

calls, long-distance calls, international calls, or

roaming. The following are other benefits;

Distributing content: Media content emerged which

includes news, video games, jokes, horoscopes, TV content

and advertising. In 2006, the total value of mobile-

phone-paid media content exceeded Internet-paid media

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

content and was worth 31 billion dollars. The value of

music on phones was worth 9.3 billion dollars in 2007 and

gaming was worth over 5 billion dollars in 2007.

Tracking and privacy: cell phones are also often used to

gather location data. As long as the phone is switched

on, the geographical location of a mobile phone can be

determined easily, with the help of a technique known as

multilateration to calculate the differences in time for

a signal to move from the cell phone to each of several

cell towers near the owner of the phone. The movements of

a mobile phone user can be tracked by their service

provider and, if desired, by law enforcement agencies and

their government. Both the SIM card and the handset can

be tracked. China has proposed using this technology to

track commuting patterns of Beijing city residents. In

the UK and US, law enforcement and intelligence services

use mobiles to perform surveillance. They possess

technology to activate the microphones in cell phones

remotely in order to listen to conversations that take

place near the phone.

C. Impact of Mobile Phone on Education

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Mobile phones easily promote collaborative and different

types of learning through their wireless connection to

the internet. Their adoption in learning processes by the

higher institution management as student-learning and

communication device tools is useful. In the classroom

mobile phones motivate students to be more engaged to the

lesson promoting learner-centered participation. This

indicates the dynamic support that the mobile phone has

brought to students’ learning practice. According to

Barker, Krull, and Mallinson, the impacts of mobile phone

technologies on learning are portability, collaboration

and motivation enhancing students, parents and teachers’

education system. The mobile phone portability enables

student learning to be ubiquitous in obtaining or

retrieving course information through their mobile phones

as they are carried from class to class or wherever.

Their portability can improve a wide variety of learning

settings, namely a field trip, the classroom, or outside

the campus. Collaboration Social networks such as

Facebook and Twitter accessed on students’ mobile phones

allow students to form groups to distribute and add

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

together their knowledge, and share information with

ease, and this could result in a more successful

collaborative learning. The use of mobile phones results

in increasing parents’ involvement in education, and thus

their children’s learning and capabilities. Motivation

where mobile phones are incorporated in a large

classroom, students appear to be more engaged in learning

processes. Mobile phones in education increase students’

will to learn. They take the initiative in using the

device as a learning tool. Teachers report that the use

of mobile phones in learning increases group

participation.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Foreign related study

A study from Aligarh Muslim University, India said that the

world is becoming increasingly dependent upon technology.

Technology is playing a crucial role in contemporary society. It

has transformed the world from a primitive communal to an

industrialized world. The internet has become a major

shareholder. Developing nations can derive tremendous advantage

from this technology for updating the knowledge of its

researchers and scientists. Even educational organizations are

influenced by the development of information technology. The

most obvious example has been the introduction of information

technology related courses.

This study concluded that society expects to be able to

manipulate the information it has for its own benefits, to

increase understanding and discover new relation.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Local related study

From the journal of Jerry Liao of Manila Bulletin,

Technology has brought a lot of benefits to mankind. It made

most of us more effective and efficient both in our professional

and personal tasks. But as much as there are a lot of

advantages, there are still those who are more innovative than

others- like using technology in some other ways, the bad ways.

From Ronald S. Lim’s journal, the temptation to cheat is even

easier for today’s technologically-advanced youth. With mobile

phones making the transmission of messages easier and the

internet making the sharing of information much quicker, today’s

Filipino students can just as easily download his answers from a

computer as he can from looking at his seatmate’s answers.

However, it would seem that the tried and tested technique

of looking at the answer of seatmates, passing around notes, and

“reliable” classmates are the methods preferred by today’s young

Filipinos. Technology, particularly mobile phones, once again

came under fire because of the pinoy youth’s new texting style.

Now a national phenomenon, the Jejemons’ improper use of words

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
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Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

have caused alarmed among parents and teachers alike. Teachers

have complained about their students’ adapting this newfound

language in their regular schoolwork. In this case, instead of

making things better, technology has been distorted and has

caused bad influence on today’s generation.

However, also from Manila Bulletin, a journal of Angelo G.

Garcia, says there’s a lesson from mobile phones. Technology has

done more good than harm for the youth admittedly. The advent of

e-book readers, for instance, has made books more available to

everyone with just a touch of button. Laptop computers are being

used as an affordable education device to children around the

world. Even mobile phones are now channels to each child.

In our society, it is now considered that mobile phones are

one of the needs not a want. In fact the Philippines have been

crowned as the Texting Capital of the world due to the

overwhelming number of SMS messages it sends each day. An SWS

survey conducted in 2001 strongly proves this point: “out of the

15 million households in the Philippines, an estimated 2.5

million have mobile phone, of which 2.3 million have text

messaging capacity.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CHAPTER III

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

METHODS AND PROCEDURES

The study subjects are students from the Baao Community

College, Baao, Camarines Sur. Quantitative research method was

used to properly analyze and give a clear picture of the study.

The population for the study comprised of estimated 1% of the

population of the school for the academic year 2017-2018 in the

first semester. This was used as sample for the study. The data

obtained for the survey was collected in the middle of October

2017. It was collected by issuing out questionnaires to the

respondents. Close ended questions were adopted which provided

answers that are easy for interpretation and tabulation. A total

of 20 copies of questionnaire were distributed to students of

institution including those in different specialization. The

returned copies of questionnaire were analyzed using percentage

and frequency count.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

METHODS USED

The study adopted the survey research design. I considered

this method appropriate as it is useful for the study of non-

observable events such as opinions, attitude preferences or

dispositions.

RESPONDENTS

The study population consisted of randomly picked students

from Bachelor in Secondary Education academic year 2017-2018,

fourth year students in different specialization, in different

ages and gender of Baao Community College, Baao, Camarines Sur.

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

PROCEDURE OF INVESTIGATION

The students were randomly selected on campus to administer

the questionnaire. It is expected therefore that the findings of

the study will have equal applicability to other students in the

school. The survey questionnaire was accordingly, administered

physically and taken back immediately and some after a day.

DATA GATHERING TOOLS

The survey was a self-administered process wherein the

respondent him/herself reads the questions and records answer

without the assistance of the interviewer. The questionnaire was

designed to collect relevant information. The questions were

numbered for easy references and arranged so that the

respondents can understand easily the reason of each question.

Each questionnaire contained four parts of checklists:

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Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

(i) the personal information checklist,

(ii) mobile phones in classroom checklist,

(iii) usage of mobile phones,

(iv) Effects of mobile phones in learning achievements.

FREQUENCY OF USAGE QUESTIONS FOR

MOBILE PHONES

The frequency of usage questions for mobile phones were

used in order to analyze or test the usage frequency for mobile

phones of Fourth Year, B.S.E., Section A.

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BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

STATISTICAL TREATMENT OF DATA

The data gathered from the respondents were subjected to

statistical tool. The statistical used was percentage technique.

PERCENTAGE TECHNIQUE

This instrument was used to determine the percentage of the

result of the respondents’ level of usage for mobile phones

along personal profile.

36
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

END NOTES

Barker, A. Krull, G. Mallinson, B. 2006. A Proposed Theoretical


Model for M-Learning Adoption in Developing Countries.
Department of Information Systems. Rhodes University, South
Africa (online). http://WWW.http://search.ebscohost.com.
Accessed 16 November, 2014

Etoekleous, N. and Ktoridou, D. 2009. Investigating Mobile


Devices Integration in Higher Education in Cyprus: Faculty
Perspective. Cyprus. 3(1): 38-40.

Odell, M. 2005. Use of Mobile helped Police keep tabs on


Suspect. Financial Times.

Ready, S. 2009. NFC Mobile Phone Set to Explode.


http://Connected planet online.com. Accessed 7 October, 2014

Aoki, K., and Downes, E. J. 2003. An Analysis of Young People’s


Use of and Attitudes Toward Cell Phones. Telematics and
Informatics, 2:349-364.

37
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CHAPTER IV

38
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

PARTICIPANT PROFILE

Out of the total sample of 20 respondents, male students

constituted 5 in number whereas female students included 15 and

majority 90% are between the ages of 19-21 years taking up

Bachelor in Secondary Education, 35% are in a relationship, 5%

is married and majority are single.

39
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Table 1

Age distribution of respondents

26 Years Above 210%

22-25 Years 0

19-21 Years 18 90% No. of respondents

Percentage
16-18 Years 0%

0 5 10 15 20

Using the chart above, 90% of the selected respondents from

B.S.E. fourth year, section A, are in the ages of between 19

years to 21 years. 10% of them are in ages of above 26 years.

40
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Table 2

Civil status distribution of respondents

Table 3
35%

In a relationship
Married
Single
60%

5%

Based from the Pie graph illustrated above, 60% of the

respondents are single, 35% are in a relationship, and 5% only

is married.

41
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Table 3

Sex distribution of respondents

16 75%

14

12

10
Percentage
8 15 No. of respondents

6
25%

4
5
2

0
Male Female

Using the Bar graph illustrated above, 25% of the

total respondents were male, and the rest 75% of the them are

female.

42
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CHAPTER V

43
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND

RECOMMENDATIONS
This chapter is the presentation of the summary of findings

where conclusions were and recommendations were based.

SUMMARY

Many research studies all over the world reported that

rampant use of social networking, texting and chatting on mobile

phones result in lower grades and poor academic performance of

students. In this context, the study focused on analyzing the

effects of mobile phones among the students of BSE 4A of Baao

Community College, Baao, Camarines Sur School Year 2017-2018.

The main following problems were given answers such as:

How frequent does the students of BSE 4A of Baao Community

College use their mobile phones in class?

What is the usage of mobile phone that affects the academic

performance of BSE 4A?

44
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

What are the positive effects of using mobile phones

among the students from BSE 4A in their academic

performance?

45
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

 Problem 1

How frequent does the students use their mobile phones in

class?

Table 1

Mobile phones in classroom

90% 85% 85%


80%
70% 70%
70%
60%
50% NEVER
40%
OFTEN
30% 25%
20% ALWAYS
20% 15% 15%
10%
10% 5%
0% 0%
0%
Using mobile phone reading SMS in class Sending SMS in class Answering a call in
during class class

46
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Findings 1.1

Using the graph provided above, 70% of the respondents

answered that they often use their mobile phone in class, 85% of

the respondents answered that they also often read and send SMS

in class and 70% responded that they as well often answer a call

in class.

Conclusion 1.2

Mobile phones in classrooms

Never Often Always Total no. of


respondents
1. Using mobile phone during 1 14 5 20
class.
2. Reading SMS in class. 0 17 3 20
3. Sending SMS in class. 0 17 3 20
4. Answering a call in class. 4 14 2 20

47
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

In response to questions asking the purpose for using cell

phone in classrooms, the respondents revealed that they often

send and read SMS in classrooms in the top order of priority.

And most of them tend to answer and make a call during class.

Recommendation 1.3

Based on the findings on the problem 1 of this study, the

recommendation was made that school teachers, school

administrators and students as well should be aware of this

rampant usage of mobile phones even in class. The school is

recommended to have briefings to formulate their rules and

regulations with regards to the usage of mobile phones during

class.

48
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

 Problem 2

What is the usage of mobile phone that affects the

academic performance of BSE 4A?

Table 2

Usage of mobile phones

70%
60%
60% 55% 55% 55%
50% 50%
50% 45%
40% 40% 40%
40% 35%
30% NEVER
30%
OFTEN

20% ALWAYS
15% 15%
10%
10% 5%
0% 0
0%
Browsing social watching Reading E-books Browsing playing mobile taking
media sites movies, TV information on games pictures/selfies
series etc. the internet

49
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Findings 2.1

Using the graph provided above, majority of 55% responded

that they always browse social media sites using their mobile

phones, and 55% of them often watch movies, research on the

internet and majority of 50% them also answered that they never

read E-books.

Conclusion 2.2

Usage of mobile phones

Never Often Always Total no.


of
respondents
1. Browsing social media 0 9 11 20
sites.
2. Watching movies, TV 3 11 6 20
series etc.
3. Reading e-books. 10 8 2 20

4. Browsing information on 1 11 8 20
the internet.
5. Playing mobiles games. 7 10 3 20
6. Taking pictures/selfies. 0 12 8 20

50
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

In response to questions asking the usage of mobile phones,

the respondents revealed that they always browse social media

sites using their mobile phones in the top order of priority.

Most of them often use their mobile phones for research purposes

and they usually use their mobile phones for entertainment

purposes such as watching videos and playing mobile games.

Recommendation 2.3

Based on the findings on the problem 2 of this study, the

recommendation was made that school teachers should monitor

students’ performance. Consider use of phones in researching and

for source of information.

51
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

 Problem 3

What are the positive effects of using mobile phones

among the students from BSE 4A in their academic

performance?

Table 3

Positive effects of mobile phone in the academic

performance

100% 95%
90%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50% 45% CAN'T SAY
40%
40% AGREE
30%
DISAGREE
20% 15%
10% 5% 5% 5%
0
0%
I can easily contact Mobile phones helped me Students use dictionary
everyone for study increase my academic and calculator in phones
purposes performance to help them in class

52
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Findings 3.1

Using the graph provided above, majority of 90% responded

that they can easily contact everyone for study purposes, 45%

agreed that mobile phones help them increase their academic

performance, and 95% of the respondents agreed about phone’s

influence in their academic performance are positive.

Conclusion 3.2

Positive effects of mobile phones on learning

achievements

Can’t Agree Disagree Total no.


say of
respondents
1. I can easily contact 1 18 1 20
everyone for study purposes.
2. Mobile phones helped me 8 9 3 20
increase my academic
performance.
3. Students use dictionary and 0 19 1 20
calculator in phones to help
them in class.

53
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

In response to questions asking the effects of mobile

phones in learning achievement, the respondents revealed that

majority of them agreed that the effects of mobile phones in

their learning achievement were good and positive. It helped

them in their studies when it comes to calculations, dictionary

and even helps them increase and improve their academic

performance.

Recommendation 3.3

Based on the findings on the problem 3 of this study, the

recommendation was made that school teachers and parents should

still monitor their students’ and children’s academic

performance. Mobile phones still have lots of positive effects

on students unless this be used in negative purposes.

54
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

 Problem 4

What are the negative effects of using mobile phones

among the students from BSE 4A in their academic

performance?

Table 4

Negative effects in the academic performance

60%
50%
50% 45% 45%

40%
30% 30%
30% 25% 25% CAN'T SAY
20% AGREE
20% 15%
DISAGREE
10%

0%
Mobile phones disturb my Mobile phone is a waste Mobile phone is
studies of time for students responsible for my low
academic performance

55
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

Findings 4.1

In the Bar graph shown above, majority of 45% of the

respondents agreed that mobile phones disturb their studies,

majority of 45% disagreed that mobile phone is just a waste of

time for time and a majority of 50% of the respondents can’t say

that mobile phone is responsible for their low academic

performance.

Conclusion 4.2

Negative effects of mobile phone in the academic

performance

Can’t Agree Disagree Total no.


say of
respondents
1. Mobile phones disturb 6 9 5 20
my studies.
2. Mobile phone is a 6 5 9 20
waste of time for
students.
3. Mobile phone is 10 4 6 20
responsible for my low
academic performances.

56
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

In response to questions asking the effects of mobile

phones in learning achievement, the respondents revealed that

majority of them can’t say that mobile phones are responsible

for their low academic performance and 90% of them believed that

mobile phones usually disturb their studies.

Recommendation 4.3

Based on the findings on the problem 4 of this study, the

recommendation was made that school teachers and parents should

definitely guide their students’ and children’s academic

performance. Always monitor and observe them in class and in

home. Authorities that provide students should be aware of the

possible negative effects of mobile phones to their children and

students. Mobile phones are useful in many ways but can be also

useful in negative motives and purposes.

57
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Jackson, L., Zhao, Y., Kolenic, A., Fitzgerald, H., Harold, R.,

&Voneye, A. (2008). Race, Gender, and Information Technology

Use: The New Digital Divide. Journal of Cyberpsychology&

Behavior Volume 11, Number 4, 2008

Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2002). The role of prefrontal

cortex in working memory capacity, executive attention, and

general fluid intelligence: An individual differences

perspective. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 637–671.

Donner J, CTelle z. Mobile banking and economic development:

Linking adoption, impact, and use. Asian Journal of

Communication. 2008; 18(4):318-332.

Elkind D. Egocentrism in adolescence. Child Development, 1967;

38(1):25(1)-034.

58
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

APPENDICES

59
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

SURVEY DATA QUESTIONNAIRE


Name: (Optional) ____________________________Course and Section:
________

Sex: Male Female Date: _______

Age: 16-18 y/o 19-21 y/o 22-25 y/o 26 y/o-above

Civil Status: Single In a relationship Married

Mobile Phone Owner: Yes No

 Mobile phones in classrooms Never Often Always

5. Using mobile phone during class.


6. Reading SMS in class.
7. Sending SMS in class.
8. Answering a call in class.
 Usage of Mobile phones

7. Browsing social media sites.


8. Watching movies, TV series etc.
9. Reading e-books.
10. Browsing information on the internet.
11. Playing mobiles games.
12. Taking pictures/selfies.

60
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

 Effects of mobile phones on learning Can’t Agree Disagree


achievements say
4. I can easily contact everyone for study
purposes.
5. Mobile phones helped me increase my academic
performance.
6. Students use dictionary and calculator in
phones to help them in class.
7. Mobile phones disturb my studies.
8. Mobile phone is a waste of time for students.
9. Mobile phone is responsible for my low
academic performances.
10. Students use mobile phones during tests.

Respondent’s signature

61
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

CURRICULUM VITAE

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name : Jobed Samar Espanto

Sex : Male

Date of Birth : July 26, 1997

Place of Birth : Bagumbayan, Baao, Cam. Sur

Civil Status : Single

Citizenship : Filipino

Religion : Seventh Day Adventist

Father’s Name : Roger C. Espanto

Mother’s Name : Rosario S. Espanto

Address : Bagumbayan, Baao, Camarines Sur

62
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

EDUCATION ATTAINMENT

College : Baao Community College

Course : Bachelor in Secondary Education

Secondary : Baao National High School

School Year : 2013-2014, Class Salutatorian

Elementary : Baao Adventist Multigrade School, Inc.

School Year : 2009-2010, Class Salutatorian

EMPLOYMENT RECORD

One month summer job at UNEP under PESO year 2014

SKILLS

Computer literate

Calligraphy

63
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

64
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
BAAO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SAN JUAN, BAAO, CAMARINES SUR
College of Education
A/Y 2017-2018
Email: baaocommunitycollege@gmail.com

65