Parent/Teacher Guide

Jolly Phonics is for children aged 3 to 6

2 . Jolly Phonics includes learning the irregular or ‘tricky words’ such as said. 4. The items can be used together. Learning the letter sounds Learning letter formation Blending Identifying sounds in words Spelling the tricky words Although the skills are covered separately in this guide they will all be taught together. leave the teaching for a while and then come back to it later. but because they have a poor memory for symbols and words.Jolly Phonics is a thorough foundation for reading and writing. Children learn how to use the letter sounds to read and write words. Together with these materials you should also use storybooks. It explains the principles behind Jolly Phonics so that your understanding of the teaching. 2. those items have been marked with a * . Extra practice will lead to fluency in reading and help your child manage at school. It is important to remember that this is not because they are unintelligent. It uses the synthetic phonics method of teaching the letter sounds in a way that is fun and multi-sensory. This guide provides background advice for parents and teachers. and your ability to help a child. 5. All the material is suitable for use in school. If interest is being lost. was and the. or individually. You should be guided by the pace at which your child wants to go. 3. is much greater. Parental support is important to all children as they benefit from plenty of praise and encouragement whilst learning. The five basic skills for reading and writing are: 1. Much of it is also well suited to use at home. Not all children find it easy to learn and blend sounds.

the actions are no longer necessary. p. The letters b and d are introduced in different groups to avoid confusion. not en. The first group (s. the digraph is represented in two forms. The sounds are in seven groups. Sounds that have more than one way of being written are initially taught in one form only. For example. and then alternatives a-e (gate) and ay (day) follow later. The names of each letter can follow later. as in book and moon. oo and th can each make two different sounds. Learning the letter sounds In Jolly Phonics the 42 main sounds of English are taught. not just the alphabet. t. For example. not its name. Examples can be found in the Jolly Phonics Word Book. n) has been chosen because they make more simple three-letter words than any other six letters. such as ee and or. 7. 1. As a child progresses you can point to the letters and see how quickly they can do the action and say the sound. Some sounds are written with two letters. 5. the letter a should be called a (as in ant) not a i (as in aim). 3. To distinguish between these two sounds. i. There is a list of all of the letter sounds and their corresponding actions on page 8 of this guide. 6. the sound ai (rain) is taught first. These are called digraphs. Similarly. This is shown below. Children should learn each letter by its sound. This will help in blending. the letter n should be nn (as in net). that and three. 3 . s a t i p n ck e h r m d g o u l f b ai j oa ie ee or z w ng v oo oo y x ch sh th th qu ou oi ue er ar Each sound has an action which helps children remember the letter(s) that represent it. 2. One letter sound can be taught each day. 4.1. a. The letters have not been introduced in alphabetical order. As a child becomes more confident.

such as d. The grip is the same fo r both left. not the top). It helps the fluency of writing and improves spelling. A child needs to form each letter the correct way. Learning letter formation It is very important that a child holds their pencil in the correct way. Particular problems to look for are: • the o (the pencil stroke must be anticlockwise.and right-handed children The pencil should be held in the ‘tripod’ grip between the thumb and first two fingers. Jolly Phonics uses the Sassoon Infant typeface which is designed for children learning to read and write. The Jolly Phonics DVD. not clockwise).2. • d (the pencil starts in the middle. Jolly Stories and Finger Phonics books show the correct formation of each letter. The letter c is introduced in the early stages as this forms the basic shape of some other letters. • there must be an initial downstroke on letters such as m and n. (Check your school’s policy as many schools do not teach joined-up writing early on) 4 . it is very difficult to correct later on. When words are written in one movement it is easier to remember the spelling correctly. Many of the letters (such as d and n) have an ‘exit’ stroke at the end to make it easier to transfer into joined-up writing. If a child’s hold starts incorrectly. A good guide is to remember that no letter starts on the baseline. In time a child will need to learn joined-up (cursive) writing.

s and t can each be heard. Some words in English have an irregular spelling and cannot be read by blending. 5 . Some children take longer than others to hear this. was and one. t-o-p. and it improves with practice. and feet as f-ee-t. encourage children to say the two sounds as one unit. such as said. giving the answer if necessary. Children should sound out the digraph (sh). The Jolly Phonics Regular Word Blending Cards can be used in class to improve this skill. so fl-a-g not f-l-a-g. Compare mishap (where both the s and h are sounded) and midship (which has the quite separate sh soun d). This will lead to greater fluency when reading. not the individual letters ( s . a word like rain should be sounded out r-ai-n. The irregular parts have to be remembered. It is easier if the first sound is said slightly louder.3. c-a-t and h-e-n. So. many of these are common words. These are called the ‘tricky words’. such as sh. In a digraph this is not so.h ). Remember that some sounds (digraphs) are represented by two letters. You will find it helpful to be able to distinguish between a blend (such as st) and a digraph (such as sh). To start with you should sound out the word and see if a child can hear it. For example. Unfortunately. This is difficult to begin with and takes practice. When sounding out a blend. Blending Blending is the process of saying the individual sounds in a word and then running them together to make the word. Try little and often with words like b-u-s. sounding out d-o-g and making dog. It is a technique every child will need to learn. In a blend the two sounds. The sounds must be said quickly to hear the word. There are lists of suitable words in The Phonics Handbook and the Jolly Phonics Word Book. With practice they will be able to blend the digraph as one sound in a word.

4) Using joined-up (cursive) writing also improves spelling. Other games to play are: a) Add a sound: what do I get if I add a p to the beginning of i n k? Answer: pink. Identifying sounds in words The easiest way to know how to spell a word is to listen for the sounds in that word. Three taps means three sounds.4. Say each sound as you tap. 2) Say it as it sounds. 5. for example. f-i-sh. to rhyme with mass. etc. the word Monday is said as ‘M-on-day’. as the middle sound of a word is the hardest to hear. 6 . s-lip. etc. b) Take away a sound: what do I get if I take away p from pink? Answer: ink. b-end. The initial letter of each word in a saying gives the correct spelling of a word. For example. A good idea is to say a word and tap out the sounds. The word fish. Write and Check. Look at the word to see which bit is tricky. For example. c-rib. laugh – Laugh At Ugly Goat’s Hair. m-end. d-rag. Next try listening for the end sounds. Games like I-Spy are ideal for this. b-us. Cover. Other examples are m-ice. has four letters but only three sounds. Ask the child to try writing the word in the air saying the letters. Rhyming games. 3) Mnemonics. Spelling the tricky words There are several ways of learning tricky spellings: 1) Look. s-top. Check to make sure. Even with the tricky words an understanding of letter sounds can help. Begin with simple three-letter words such as cat or hot. the word was is said as ‘wass’. Cover the word over and see if the child can write it correctly. Other examples as above. Take care with digraphs. Start by having your child listen for the first sound in a word. p-ant. poems and the Jolly Songs also help tune the ears to the sounds in words. and f-lap. Say the word so each sound is heard. s-t-rip.

They should then move on to working out whole words through blending. Once a child has begun to learn the letter sounds they will be able to pick them out in words. Jolly Phonics is multisensory and has been developed so the adult can use it confidently and easily. About Jolly Phonics Jolly Phonics has been developed by Sue Lloyd and Sara Wernham. who were primary/elementary school teachers at Woods Loke Primary School in Lowestoft. England. founded in 1987. This can come from being read to. Boys typically do as well as girls. even at the end of an exhausting day! Jolly Learning Ltd is an independent British publisher. Independent studies find that.Storybooks A child will benefit greatly from a love of reading for pleasure. As a result it is easier if reading begins with storybooks that use simple words. after one year’s teaching. the most important skills for a child will be comprehension and the understanding of more words. Once there is fluency in reading. children taught with Jolly Phonics have an average reading age around 12 months ahead of their actual age. Their spelling age is usually slightly further ahead. The Jolly Readers can be used to provide this progression. This can be developed by asking a child questions about a story they have just read. 7 .

shaking head from side to side. oo ooMove head back and forth as if it is the cuckoo in a cuckoo clock. Hold hand in front of mouth panting as if you are out of breath and say h. o. j. wh. Spiral hand down. t. ai. (Nth Am English) 7 8 . Pretend your finger is a needle and prick thumb saying ou. like a snake. g. ch. eeyore. j.The Actions s a 1 t i p n ck e Weave hand in an s shape. y. as if water going down the drain. Pretend to take an x-ray of someone with a camera and say ks. saying u. u. u. ck. ou. Roll hands over each other like a mixer and say ererer. and say ssssss. ar. Rub tummy as if seeing tasty food and say mmmmmm. y. ks. Beat hands up and down as if playing a drum and say d. a. qu. i. Raise hands and snap fingers as if playing castanets and say ck. you. Pretend to wobble on a plate and say j. and say g. ar. o. Pretend to hit a ball with a bat and say b. o. ks. h. oo. 5 6 qu ou oi ue er ar Put arms out at sides and pretend to be a bee. Make a noise. Pretend to be a puppy holding a piece of rag. and say rrrrrr. 2 h r m d g o u l f b ai j oa 3 4 z w ng y x Cup hand over ear and say ai. and say f f f f f f. and say wh. saying zzzzzz. p. g. d. qu. saying eh. Pretend to be a mouse by wriggling fingers at end of nose and squeak i. eh. (British English) Flap hands as if a seal and say ar. th th Pretend to be naughty clowns and stick out tongue a little for the th. (Little and long oo. Bring hand over mouth as if you have done something wrong and say oh! ie Stand to attention and salute. wh. and further for the th sound (this and thumb). saying ie ie. sh Place index finger over lips and say shshsh. Pretend to be putting up an umbrella and say u. ch Move arms at sides as if you are a train and say ch. ai. Blow on to open hand. Open mouth wide and say ah. Pretend to lick a lollipop and say ll llll. d.) Pretend to be eating a yoghurt and say y. Wiggle fingers above elbow as if ants crawling on you and say a. you. ou. saying ng… v Pretend to be holding the steering wheel of a van and say vvvvvv. b. a. Cup hands around mouth and shout to another boat saying oi! ship ahoy! Point to people around you and say you. Let hands gently come together as if toy fish deflating. Make a duck’s beak with your hands and say qu. i. as if you are a plane – hold arms out and say nnnnnn. h. t. and pretend to lift a heavy weight above your head. eh. Pretend to tap an egg on the side of a pan and crack it into the pan. Pretend to turn light switch on and off and say o. ee or Put hands on head as if ears on a donkey and say eeyore. as if you are the wind. ck. Pretend to puff out candles and say p. u. b. ch. Turn head from side to side as if watching tennis and say t. oo. Imagine you are a weightlifter. p.

A large letter is embossed. Follow them through seven stories as they learn the 42 letter sounds. while the actions help them to remember the correct sound. ideal for those learning English as a foreign or second language. each covering one or two letter sounds. and Jolly Phonics action. This beautifully illustrated board book has 40 spreads. The seven books cover simple letter recognition. Includes recordings of all the 42 letter sounds. one-to-one teaching or small groups. * Suitable for use at home 9 . Ages 4+. children will be able to practice the five skills in Jolly Phonics. Strategies for tricky spellings and challenging puzzles for developing phonic skills are also provided. easy. Each of the seven books deals with one group of letter sounds. Jolly Songs* A collection of songs set to popular tunes for each of the 42 letter sounds in Jolly Phonics. Jolly Phonics CD-ROM* Enter the interactive world of Inky Mouse and her friends as they help your child to learn to read and write. the Using Jolly Phonics footage for adults and a section explaining the letter sounds of English. ideal for children (ages 3-6 years) at all levels of early reading. With 20 fun activities. Perfect for use at home. so that it can be felt by children. Each spread has a number of words for reading and for spelling. There are fun bonus activities for children. Finger Phonics books 1-7* Ideal to use with your child after watching the DVD. joined-up writing and the alternative spellings of the vowels. These songs are sung by children on the audio CD. medium or hard. Jolly Phonics DVD* The DVD covers all the letter sounds and the five basic skills for reading and writing. Jolly Phonics Workbooks 1-7* A fun way for children to build on the skills they’ve learned. Cut-out letter shapes show children’s fingers the correct formation. The games come in different levels.Jolly Stories* Join the adventures of Inky Mouse and her friends.

each with a reminder of the action. Jolly Phonics Puppets* Bring the Jolly Phonics characters of Inky Mouse.Jolly Phonics Letter Sound Poster* A po s ter showing the 42 letter sounds. washable plastic. or classroom revision with older children. Useful for home. A set of materials is contained in a bright carrying case for neat and easy storage: • The Phonics Handbook • Jolly Phonics DVD • Jolly Phonics Wall Frieze • Jo l ly Phonics Ca rds • JP Tri c kyWo rd Wall Flowe r s • Jolly Phonics Word Book • Finger Phonics Big Books 1-7 • Jolly Phonics Letter Sound Strips • JP Alt Spelling & Alphabet Posters *Suitable for use at home 10 . They clip the paper firmly in place and are made of durable. An illustration of each wo rd they read is hiding under a flap. Jolly Phonics Read and See* These themed word books help children practice sounding out and blending once t h ey’ve learned the letter sounds. Stencilets* Stencilets help young children with their pencil control and letter formation. Jolly Phonics Starter Kit Everything classroom teachers need to get started with Jolly Phonics. plush puppets. Bee and Snake to l i fe with these three soft.

e. initial and final consonant blends. Each topic has a double-page spread. The set comes with a wipe-clean plastic sheet for letter fo rm ation pra ct i ce and other exercises. Jolly Jingles An enjoyable and interactive way to reinforce the letter sounds and develop reading skills. nouns and conjunctions to be taught to the whole class. e. with the 42 letter sounds on one side and the alternative vowel spellings on the other.g. With over 100 photocopiable pages.g. and the traditional tune used. The storyline and action appear on each page. Jolly Phonics Cards Four sets of flashcards suitable for whole-class use: • Letter sounds and alternative spellings. Jolly Phonics Wall Frieze Comes in seven illustrated strips which c an be put up together or individually. Measures 9. Accompanied by an audio CD of the Jingles. Jolly Phonics Tricky Word Wall Flowers This attractive wall display is ideal for teaching and reinforcing tricky words. writing and spelling. play • Tricky words. Each page gives the words to the Jingle. The Grammar Handbooks 1 and 2 Following on from Jolly Phonics. these books introduce grammar. spelling and punctuation for the next two years. JP Alternative Spelling & Alphabet Posters A two-poster pack with alternative vowel spellings on one and alphabet letters on the other.g. The Phonics Handbook is a complete resource for teaching reading. This is followed by activity sheets and games for reading and spelling.33m/30’ 6” in total length. There are 36 lessons in each book and lots of photocopiable games and activities. said Jolly Phonics Letter Sound Strips A spelling aid for each child in class. There are 72 tricky words which can be put up as each word is taught.The Phonics Handbook The best place to start when teaching Jolly Phonics to a class. the action for the letter sound(s). e. Similar to The Phonics Handbook.sung by Canadian children. for whole class use. Jolly Phonics Tricky Word Hat A plush hat that can be used with the Tricky Word Wall Flowers. Includes a bag of 72 small velcro pads for attaching the words. such as verbs. 11 . Jolly Grammar Big Books 1 and 2 These large format books allow new grammar concepts. Jolly Phonics Word Book A useful bank of words listed according to letter groups. alternative vowel spellings and tricky words. Finger Phonics Big Books 1-7 A set of seven Finger Phonics books in Big Book format. The strips can also be cut up into separate letter sounds.g. they include actions for each area of grammar. e. it introduces the 42 main letter sounds. igh • Regular blending words. bus • Blending words with alternative spellings.

and become independent learners. High Road. UK Tel: 020 8501 0405 Fax: 020 8500 1696 50 Winter Sport Lane.Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Jolly Readers* Interesting storybooks for children who are just ready to read. and these are shown at the back of each book.000+ age-appropriate words have carefully selected definitions that children find easy to read and understand.co. Chigwell.uk www. The award-winning Jolly Dictionary is beautifully illustrated throughout.uk . General Fiction and Nonfiction. • Divided into 4 colour sections to help children learn how to use the dictionary • A unique Pronunciation Guide for each word using joined digraphs and showing the stress * Suitable for use at home Jolly Learning Ltd Tailours House.co.jollylearning. The 6. Essex. There are 6 different books in each series pack.There are three series.VT 05495. IG7 6DL. There are only a few essential tricky words. Williston. USA Tel: 1-800 488-2665 Fax: (802) 864-7626 Email: info@jollylearning. often using the Jolly Phonics characters to help clarify examples. Controlled vocabulary enables them to read the words from their letter sound knowledge. Inky Mouse and Friends. Jolly Dictionary* Designed to help children improve their reading and writing.