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07/07/2019 BT Group - Wikipedia

Operations
BT Group is a holding company; the majority of its businesses and assets are held by its wholly owned subsidiary British
Telecommunications plc.[90] BT's businesses are operated under special government regulation by the British telecoms
regulator Ofcom (formerly Oftel). BT has been found to have significant market power in some markets following market
reviews by Ofcom. In these markets, BT is required to comply with additional obligations such as meeting reasonable requests
to supply services and not to discriminate.[91]

BT runs the telephone exchanges, trunk network and local loop connections for the vast majority of British fixed-line
telephones. Currently BT is responsible for approximately 28 million telephone lines in GB. Apart from KCOM Group, which
serves Kingston upon Hull, BT is the only UK telecoms operator to have a Universal service Obligation, (USO) which means it
must provide a fixed telephone line to any address in the UK. It is also obliged to provide public call boxes.[92]
The Adastral Park campus at
Martlesham Heath in Suffolk, the
As well as continuing to provide service in those traditional areas in which BT has an obligation to provide services or is closely
principal site of BT Research.
regulated, BT has expanded into more profitable products and services where there is less regulation. These are principally,
broadband internet service and bespoke solutions in telecommunications and information technology.[93]

Corporate affairs

Buildings and facilities


As BT operates in around 180 countries, it owns and leases a range of buildings and facilities in the UK and around the world. In 2001, it sold some of its UK property
portfolio for £2.38 billion to Telereal Trillium in a 30-year leaseback. The deal included 6,700 properties and contributed towards alleviating its debt at the time, with the
main advantage being flexibility as it allows BT to vacate property over time, so as to adapt to changing operational requirements.[94]

Headquarters
BT Group's world headquarters and registered office is the BT Centre, a 10-storey office building at 81 Newgate Street in the
City of London, opposite St. Paul's tube station.[95]

Buildings and stations


Some of its UK buildings and stations are:

Adastral Park – headquarters of BT Labs in Suffolk


Baynard House – building in City of London
BT Riverside Tower – headquarters of BT Northern Ireland in Belfast
BT Tower – building in Swansea
Goonhilly Satellite Earth Station – satellite earth station in Cornwall
Guardian telephone exchange – telephone exchange in Manchester The BT Centre was completed in
Madley Communications Centre – satellite earth station in Herefordshire 1985.
National Network Management Centre – network operations centre in Shropshire
Stadium House – building in Cardiff

Telecommunications towers
BT remains one of the largest owners of telecommunications towers in the UK and were a major node in its microwave network. Its BT Tower in London is notable for
numerous reasons such as being the tallest building in the UK from its construction in the 1960s until the early 1980s, its revolving restaurant at the top known as 'Top of
the Tower' in operation through the late 1960s and 1970s, and remains one of the UK's most important communications nerve centres, the heart of a vast broadcasting and
communications network. It carries approximately 95% of the UK's TV content, including live broadcasts and 99% of all live football games as well as pioneering the first
international HD, 3D and 4K television transmissions. It serves media production and distribution customers around the world and as part of the Things Connected
Network launched in London, it became the highest building in the world to host an Internet of things (IoT) base station in September 2016.[96][97] Some of its towers are:

BT Tower in London
BT Tower in Birmingham
Charwelton BT Tower in Northamptonshire
Heaton Park BT Tower in Manchester
Morborne Hill BT Tower in Cambridgeshire
Purdown BT Tower in Bristol
Pye Green BT Tower in Staffordshire
Stokenchurch BT Tower in Buckinghamshire
Sutton Common BT Tower in Cheshire
Tinshill BT Tower in West Yorkshire
Tolsford Hill BT Tower in Kent
Turners Hill BT Tower in West Midlands
Wotton-under-Edge BT Tower in Gloucestershire
Zouches Farm in Bedfordshire

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