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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

Experimental Design
&
Error Analysis
(ENCH 701 / ENEN 621)

Minitab
Wo r k s h o p
Part Two

Jalal Abedi
2011

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

1. Using Minitab for One-Way ANOVA

To illustrate the use of Minitab for the one-factor ANOVA, enter data as shown below. Since the data
have been stored in an unstacked format, with each level in a separate column. Select

STAT → ANOVA → One-Way (Unstacked)….

In the “Responses (in separate columns):” edit box, enter C1 C2 C3 C4. Select 95 % confidence level.

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Select “Graphs…” and select “Boxplots of data”. Click OK button. Click OK button again.

Your output results should be similar to picture below:

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Now, decide whether all four kinds of catalyst have equal means? Doing this, you have finished the first
sample problem.

Note: If the data are stored in a stacked format, select

Stat → ANOVA → One-Way….

Enter the column in which the response variable is stored in the Response edit box and the column in
which the factor is stored in the Factor edit box.

2. Using Minitab for the Randomized Block Designs

The procedure for using Minitab for the randomized block design requires that the data be in a stacked
format. To illustrate the use of Minitab for the randomized block design, enter data as shown below.
Select

STAT → ANOVA → Two-Way….

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

Enter “Response” or “C3”, “Year” or “C1” and “Station” or “C2” into the “Response:”, “Row
factor:” and “Column factor:” edit boxes respectively. Enter 95 % as the “Confidence Level:” and
click OK button.

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Your results should look like to:

Exercise: Interpret your results and discuss about the treatment and block effects.

3. Using Minitab for the General Factorial Design

To illustrate the use of Minitab for the 2k factorial design, enter data as shown below. Select

STAT → ANOVA → Balanced ANOVA….

Note that the factor A is stored in “C1”, Factor B in “C2”, Factor C in “C3”, Factor D in “C4” and Isatin
yield in “C5”.

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In the Balanced ANOVA dialog box, enter “C5” or “Isatin Yield” in the “Response:” edit box. In the
“Model:” edit box, enter the terms to be included in the model. For the 24 design enter “C1 C2 C3 C4
C1*C2 C1*C3 C1*C4 C2*C3 C2*C4 C3*C4 C1*C2*C3*C4”.

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Click “Graphs…” and select “Four in one”. Select OK button. Select OK button again.

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Your results should be similar to:

Select

Stat → ANOVA → Main Effects Plot….

Select “C4” for the “Response:” edit box and “C1 C2 C3” for the “Factors:” edit box and then click
OK button.

You should get the following plot:

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

Select

Stat → ANOVA → Interactions Plot….

Select “C4” for the “Response:” edit box and “C1 C2 C3” for the “Factors:” edit box and then click
OK button.

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

You should get the following plot:

Exercise: Try to interpret all the results and plots that you have obtained in this sample problem.

4. Simple Linear Regression

Minitab can be used for simple linear regression by using

Stat → Regression → Regression

To illustrate the use of Minitab for simple linear regression with the drilling data, enter data as shown
below.

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

Enter “Y” or “C2” in the “Response:” edit box and “X” or “C1” in “Predictors:” edit box.

Select the “Graphs…” and choose “Four in one” and then click OK button.

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

Select “Options…” and enter 100 in the “Prediction intervals for new observations:” and set the
“Confidence level” to 95. Click OK button.

Select “Results…” and choose the third option in “Regression - Results” dialog box as shown in below
figure and then click OK button.

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Click OK button. Your output results should be similar to:

Exercise: Interpret the results and tell whether, there is a linear relationship between the x and y.

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ENCH 701 / ENEN 621 MINITAB Workshop

5. Factorial Design

Minitab can be used for different kinds of Factorial Design by using

Stat → DOE → Factorial→


→ Create Factorial Design….

To illustrate the use of Minitab for Factorial Design for nitration process, first you should create a
factorial design as shown below.

In “Create Factorial Design” box, select “2-level factorial (default generators)” and set “Number of
factors” to 3.

Select the “Designs…” tab and choose “Full factorial” and set “Number of replicates” to 1 and click
“OK”.

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Now, enter the data accordingly as below.

To analyze the data select

Stat → DOE → Factorial→


→ Analyze Factorial Design….

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Select “C8” for “Responses”.

Select “Graphs…” tab and set it as below and click “OK”.

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Your results should look like below.

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