A Word Study of the Holy Spirit

(Spirit of the Lord, Spirit, Holy Spirit)
NIV is used

Written around 1999

(an asterisk* means how many other places in scripture where the understanding is repeated)

Introduction: When I was impressed by the Spirit to start searching, writing, and compiling this writing I had no thought of how inexhaustible this mini study could be, nor how little I know or fellowship with Him. This study you have in your hands is just like I started on a 3000-mile walking trip with the Holy Spirit and am now just seeing the end of my lane! The study is far from exhaustible. May this study be a reference and a tool to wait at His feet longer, and fuel to hunger and thirst for Him more. Could it be that the most of the Church is lacking His presence and power because she does not understand the Helper who helps us know the Lord? John 16:13-15 My prayer for the reader:. Father of our Lord Jesus by your Spirit draw the reader to know, understand, and spent more and more time fellowshiping with your precious Holy Spirit. Help them to grow more in your love and the peace of your Son Jesus. And by the fellowship of the Holy Spirit know Him and the power of His resurrection and to fellowship with His sufferings, being conformed to His death. Amen. (2Cor.13:14 & Phili.3:10) Dan Groff

The Holy Spirit is… a Person that has a mind, will and emotions
Acts 15:28 “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you…” 2Cor.13:14 “…and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.” Also Phil.2:1 James 4:5 “…..the Spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely….” The Holy Spirit envies intensely for our affection, desire and fellowship when we fellowship with the world. See verse 4 Rom.8:27 “And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit….” Also 1Cor. 2:10-11,1Cor. 12:11 and Heb.2:4

the Spirit of the Lord
2Cor. 3:17 “ ….and where the Spirit of the Lord is, …”

the Spirit of Jesus
Acts 16:7 “…..but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.” Also Rom.8:9-11

2Cor. 3:17 “Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is…” Also 1Peter 1:11, Gal. 4:6

the Spirit of life
Rom.8:2 “….the law of the Spirit of life set me free…”

the Spirit of Holiness
Rom.1:4 “….and who through the Spirit of Holiness was…” Also as Holy denotes his
name-Holy Spirit.

the Spirit of Truth
John 14:16 “…with you forever—the Spirit of Truth.”


Acts 1:8.the glorious Father may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation. 13:2.” Also Heb 10:29.3:5.Also John 15:26. 1 Cor. 12:8 * 29 others. 1Peter 4:14 2 . Luke 3:16 the Spirit of Justice Is 28:6 “He will be a Spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment…” Also Micah 3:8 the Spirit of the Fear of the Lord Is 11:2 “…the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord…” the Spirit of Fire Is 4:4 “He will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by the Spirit of Judgment and the Spirit of Fire. Rom. 2:4.1:17 “….” the Spirit of Grace Zech 12:10 “I will pour out on the House of David…a Spirit of grace and supplication. 6:10. 11.12:8 * 2 other places the Spirit of Counsel Is 11:2 “…the Spirit of counsel and of power…” Also John 16:13 the Spirit of Revelation Eph. the Spirit of Judgment Is 4:4 “He will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by the Spirit of Judgment and the Spirit of Fire. 42:1.9:8. 1 John 4:6 the Spirit of Wisdom Deut 34:9 “Joshua the son of Nun was filled with the Spirit of wisdom…” Also Is 11:2. for the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.…” Also Eph. places the Spirit of Understanding Is 11:2 “…the Spirit of wisdom and understanding…” the Spirit of Knowledge Is 11:2 “…the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord…” Also Acts 11:28. 20:23.” Also 1 Thes 5:19 the Spirit of Power Judges 14:6.” Also John 16:8.15:19 * 10 others places the Spirit of Glory 1Peter 4:14 “If you are insulted because of the name of Christ. 1 Cor.” Also Is 11:2. 28:6. you are blessed. 19 “The Spirit of the Lord came upon him (Samson) in power. I Cor. Heb.

” Eph.4:3 “Make every effort to keep the unity of Spirit through the bond of peace. moving..19:10 “for the testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of Prophecy. (Father)…. And the Spirit of adoption in our heart that cries out to our Father as proof that we are His sons. full of joy through the Holy Spirit.1:13 “Having believed you were marked in Him with a seal. with skill. abba. The Holy Spirit. the Spirit of Joy Luke 10:21 “Jesus. sent to us by Jesus John 15:26 “…whom I will send to you from the Father. who is a deposit guarantee our inheritance…. the Spirit of Truth…” Also 1 John 3:24 promise to us Gal. Col.8:15 “…but you received the Spirit of sonship (adoption) and by Him we cry. the connectedness of them as One interacting together in our hearts. and doing Gen. 2Cor.1:9 a seal. and knowledge.3:14 “…..4:6 “Because you are sons.4:18 * 3 other places a gift Acts 2:38 “…and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. the Spirit of Prophecy Rev. the Father.6:6. guarantee in us Eph.1:13 who we are baptized in John 1:33 “…is He who will baptize with the Holy Spirit. the promised Holy Spirit. 1:2 “…and the Spirit of the Lord was hovering over the waters. ability.” everywhere a believer goes Ps 139:7-9 “Where can I go from Your Spirit?” 3 .” Also Acts 1:5.4:30 the Anointing Acts 10:38 “…how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit…” active. and all kinds of crafts. Abba Father. deposit. which is clear from this study proceeds from the Father and the Son.…” Also Acts 13:52 the Spirit of Adoption Rom. the Spirit who calls out.the Spirit of Supplication Zech 12:10 “I will pour out on the House of David…a Spirit of grace and supplication.” creative Ex 31:3 “…and I have filled him (Bezalel) with the Spirit of God.” Also Eph. Also Eph. Gal. 2:1-4.might receive the promise of the Spirit.” one Cor.” the Spirit of Unity (and that was a long time Eph. Son and Holy Spirit in the Godhead. God sent the Spirit of his son into ours hearts.” Here we read the rare beauty in this one verse of.12:11 “All these are the work of the one and the same Spirit.

was vindicated by the Spirit.9:1 “ I am not lying.15:16 “….” Also verse 7-8..offering acceptable to God.” comes upon people 2 Sam 10:6 “Then the Spirit of the Lord will come upon you mightily…. was seen…” confirms things in our mind Rom. 11:17.” Also Acts 1:2 20:28 dwells in us Rom.the Holy Spirit said.3:16 “He (the Lord) appeared in a body.8:9 “…if the Spirit of God dwells in you.10:15 vindicates 1Tim.6:11 “…justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them. 42:1 * 29 other places 4 .2:13 justified us 1Cor.6:19 In Rom.” Also Heb. 8:16 “The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children.8:9-11 we see the Holy Spirit in us. comes from Father God.11 and 1Cor.6:11. whom God has given those who obey him. 1 John 5:7 testifies to our spirit Rom.” Also Eph.” Also 1Peter1:2. sanctified by the Holy Spirit.eternal Heb..” goes out from the Father John 15:26 “…the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father…” Also 1 John 4:12-13 given to those who obey God Acts 5:32 “…and so is the Holy Spirit. my conscience confirms it in the Holy Spirit.” testifies about Jesus John 15:26 “…he will testify about me. 11Thess.4:6 * 3 other places sanctified us Rom.25 and Is. 1Cor. and his Son Jesus.” Also Num. 3:5. Gal.9:14 “…who thorough the eternal Spirit offered…” The Holy Spirit… is given charge of the church Acts 13:2 “….2:12 .

Acts 4:8. 11:12.’ says the Lord Almighty. 2Thess. 31. 15:45.but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body you will live.” Also Matt 4:1. Rom.1:19 produces fruit in us who are surrender to Him Gal. nor by power. 8:14 * 5 others places 5 . Phil. but the Spirit himself intercedes for us….” raises the Dead Rom. And verse 27 puts plans in our minds I Chro 28:12 “David…gave him the plans of all the Spirit had put in his mind…” Also Luke 2:25. joy. and the Spirit of the Lord began to stir him. and self-control. * 6 others places accomplishes things for us Zech 4:6 “’Not by might.3:6 helps us stop sinning Rom.” rests on people Is 11:2 “The Spirit of the Lord will rest upon him…” fills people Luke 1: 41 “…and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit…” Also Luke 1:67.1:14. 8:13 “…. kindness. faithfullness.14:17. but by my Spirit. goodness. 26 leads us Ps 143:10 “May your good Spirit lead me on level ground. 8:26 “….8:11 “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead…” Also 1Peter 3:18 1Cor.1:6 intercedes for us Rom. peace. 2Cor.stirs in people Judges 13:24 “The Lord blessed him (Samson).” He helps us pray. 22:11.” Also 1Peter1:12 prophesies through people 2 Sam 10:6 “Then the Spirit of the Lord will come upon you mightily.” Also Rom. because…” Also verse 26 and 1Tim.to pray for. 13:9 * 9 other places can fill an infant at birth Luke 1:15 “And he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from birth” Also Luke 1:15 speaks through people 2 Sam 23:2 “The Spirit of Lord spoke through me. Acts 13:4. 31. his word was on my tongue. gentleness.” Also Acts 4:25. and you shall prophesy with them and be changed into another man. Mark 1:12. 5:22-23 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love. patience.2:4.

37:1. Rev 1:10 * 6 other places wield the sword which is the word of God Eph.” Also Titus 3:5 prevents us from doing things Acts 16:6 “…having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. Rev. 1 John 5:6-8 teaches us Luke 12:12 “…for the Holy Spirit will teach you…” Also Neh 9:19. renews Ps 104:29-30 “You send forth your Spirit. 1John 2:1 * 1 other place comes into people and raises them up (physically and in the spirit) Ez 2:2 “As he spoke. which is the word of God.” Also 2 Cor 1:22. they are renewed.1:10 can be among his people Is 63:11 “Where is he who set his Holy Spirit among them?” Also Haggai 2:5 drives demons out of people Matt 12:28 “…I drive out demons by the Spirit of God…” creates people and things Job 33:4 “The Spirit of God has made me…” Also Job 34:14 gives birth John 3:6 “…but the Spirit gives birth to Spirit. Acts 2:3-4 6 . He will guide you into all truth.” Also Ez 3:12. 21:10. the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet.” Also Acts 8:39-40. John 1:1.guides us into all truth John 16:13 “…the Spirit of Truth comes.14.” Also Matt 1:20 takes on different forms Luke 3:22 “…and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form as a dove.” Heb. Rev 17:3. which the Holy Spirit wields.” Also verse 7 strengthens and encourages Acts 9:31 “It (the church) was strengthened and encouraged by the Holy Spirit.4:12 The word is the sword.1:16 carries/transports people I Kings 18:12 “I (Obediah) don’t know where the Spirit may carry you (Elijah).6:17 “…and the sword of the Spirit.” Also John 16:15.” Also John 1:32. Rev. John 3:8 maintains.” fathered Jesus Matt 1:18 “…she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.

3:5 us God’s love Rom. different kinds tongues.” Also Acts 10:19 the ability to speak in other tongues (or languages) Acts 2:4 “All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues.” Also John 6:63. the breath of the Almighty. 15:13 “…you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.4:6 ** For leaders in the church see insight at end of study called “The local assembly. 1Cor.” visions to men Ez 11:24 “…vision given by the Spirit of the Lord. abide in. Also 1Peter 1:11.God has pour out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit…. 1 Cor 15:45.3:17 “Now the Lord is the Spirit. miraculous powers.11:2 rest Is 63:14 “They were given rest by the Spirit of the Lord.5:5 “…. message of knowledge.” See verse 18b. faith. Rom 8:11.” Liberty in the Spirit in the local Assembly. prophecy. 2 Cor 3:6 freedom 2Cor. and where the Spirit is.” Also Is. gifts message of wisdom.” Also Acts 2:11. that gives him understanding. rule in The Holy Spirit gives… life Job 33:4 “The Spirit of God has made me. 10:46 spiritual laws Rom.” gives us overflowing hope Rom.8:2 “…the law of the Spirit of life sets me free from…” Also Rom.” understanding Job 32:8 “…the Spirit in a man. gifts of healing. 12:7-11 Also Gal. the breath of the Almighty gives me life. Gal.7:14-25 7 . and interpretation of tongues.. there is freedom.gathers animals and people Is 34:16 “…and his Spirit gathered them…” will not contend with man forever Gen 6:3 “My Spirit will not contend with man forever…” ~Contend means: remain in. discerning of spirits.

” grieved Is 63:10 “Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is the voice of God we hear.The Holy Spirit can be… rebelled against Is 63:10 “Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit.” Also Acts 8:15. 19:2-6 poured out upon us Is 32:15 “…till the Spirit is poured upon us…” Also Is 44:3. Joel 2:28-29. 12:31 be lied to Acts 5:3 “…that you have lied to the Holy Spirit…” tested Acts 5:9 “How could you agree to test the Spirit of the Lord?” insulted Heb. whom God has given to those who obey him. 8 .4:30 resisted Acts 7:51 “You…are always resisting the Holy Spirit…” quenched I Thes.” Also Eph.10:29 “…and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?” given rest Zech 6:8 “These going toward the north country have given my Spirit rest in the land of the north.17. 5:19 “Do not quench the Spirit…” blasphemed Luke 12:10 “…anyone who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit…” Also Mark 3:29 and Matt. Acts 2:33 given to those who obey Him Acts 5:32 “….and so is the Holy Spirit.” received John 20:22 “Receive the Holy Spirit. Zech 12:10.

Love and the other fruit of the Spirit have to be the foundation in an individual for the other gifts to flow in a gathering or assembly. The Spirit may be in individuals. lets look at the context of it in Paul’s’ letter. a revelation. 14:26-40.” 2 Tim. But I’m reminded of the Word that says.11 he talks about the Passover supper or (communion). If the leaders and their people give place for freedom. generally speaking. “All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching. is 13 the love chapter. This is important to understand. or a word of instruction. for the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Lord. The next part. For example: the leaders are telling people and encouraging them each time they get together to be in prayer in the coming days over how or what the Holy Spirit might use them when they come together such as the directives in verse 26. he then sets down wonderful guidelines for the participation of everyone in worship and the meetings. rebuking.” And where the Spirit of the Lord is there is freedom. Next. so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work. or we’re not there yet. a tongue or an interpretation. could this be a large part of why the church is weak? Let’s see how this works. knowing that they would participate in how the Holy Spirit may use them they would eagerly look forward to meeting together and be excited to 9 . brothers?” After all he writes from chapter 1-14 on helping this fledgling Corinthian church. but there is not freedom for Him to move among them and freedom for them to obey Him. Are meetings conducive to this outline in scripture for the freedom of the Holy Spirit movement among His people? In understanding this text. correcting and training in righteousness. for saints to obey the Holy Spirit prompting He is grieved and quenched among the people. “All of these must be done for the strengthening of the church.** The Local Assembly Liberty “The Holy Spirit is Lord. Then there is more about how the gifts of prophecy and tongues operate in the first half of chapter 14. everyone has a hymn. Then in chapter 12 he speaks of members of Christ’s body having spiritual gifts. The leadership in a local assembly to a great degree determines the amount of freedom or control in a meeting. Question: How can freedom and order (seder. Conversely. In studying the scripture. Otherwise people walk in carnality. Read 1Cor.3:16 Picking up at verse 26 again “When you come together. by saying this is not suited for our congregation situation/calling. if leadership in a meeting does not allow freedom in a meeting. right in the middle of chapters 11 and 14. In the last half of chap. Chapter 14 verses 26-40. in chapter 14:26 “What than shall we say.the Hebrew word for order) at the same time flow together with all these action gifts (listed in chapter 12 ) in people all at different places in their walk with the Lord? Paul then writes.” For if freedom is not given for this to happen. one can always be swayed from obedience to the word by excusing or reasoning the historical setting that it took place in.

No. will not be given or receive for all to those who are present. In other words the Spirit of Life imparts life. scripture-song.. and they will not be strengthen. These three verses tell us that revelation given to a believer is important to be shared with people for instruction and encouragement. For you can all prophesy in turn so that everyone may be instructed and encouraged.participate. I belong. but the freedom of the Holy One is there and He will not push his Lordship as head of the church on any leader or person. Freedom is allowed and given space for infinite creativity by a infinitely creative God to direct as His Spirit desires from one meeting to the next in what He has for his people. instruction. Much anticipation and joy is in the atmosphere for what He could do in and though them at their next coming together or assembly. instructed. humility in the context of a local assembly. or solo to sing. and the whole body flowing as the Holy Spirit directs. encouraged. and the others should weigh carefully what is said. He is more free and sensitive than we know. Another may by the Spirit have an instruction. What if this is not taught.” There is greater corporate intimacy between them and God and among themselves toward God. or another person may have a revelation. Verses 27 and 28 are very simple and self-explanatory. and still another may have a tongue and someone else interpret that tongue. and.” The NAS translates the word (carefully) as to “pass judgment” which basically means to “discern. and encouraged. or given place to happen? Then revelation.” And if a revelation comes to someone who is sitting down. freedom. Someone may have a hymn. the first speaker should stop. and encouragement fresh from the people by the Spirit. However some leaders may be thinking what if someone get up and starts saying things that are wrong or things that are truth but the timing is wrong? First this is an unfounded fear. edified. What is beautiful to behold is the freedom of both leaders and members being used of God. Later on we will talk about fear. Fear Fear is the lack of love in any given area of life. They sense the awesome feeling of “God is using me. For the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Life. When this freedom is allowed to happen people take hold of this and enter in to being part of their local fellowship in an important way. So if freedom is diminished for people choosing to obey Him how much more is He grieved and quenched. authority. Please don’t misunderstand me—I’m not saying that each and every person is going to be moved by the Holy Spirit to say or do something publicly at each and every meeting. It is not a reason to control the order of the service. Verse 29 says “Two or three prophets should speak. 10 .

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