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Introduction to Quadratic Equations

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Wednesday

I. OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson, the students must be able to:

1. write quadratic equation in standard forms;

2. identify the values of a, b and c of quadratic equation;

3. solve quadratic equations by using the quadratic formula; and

4. perform the indicated operations with speed and accuracy.

QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES

References: Learner’s Module for Mathematics Grade 9, pp. 47 - 55

Teacher’s Guide for Mathematics Grade 9, pp. 33 - 38

Materials: cartolina and marker, activity sheets

III. PROCEDURES

Activity 2: Follow the Standards!

Module 1, Lesson 2D, p. 48

identify the values of a, b and c.

2. 10 + 7x - 3x2 = 0 4. (x - 6)(x - 9) = 0

B. Activity

Activity 4: Lead Me to the Formula

Module 1, Lesson 2D, p. 49

Directions: Find the solutions of the following quadratic equation by completing the square.

2x2 + 9x + 10 = 0

C. Analysis

1. How did you use completing the square in solving the given equation? Show the complete

details of your work.

2. What are the solutions of the given equation?

3. How would you describe the solutions obtained?

4. Compare your work with those of other groups. Did you obtain the same solution? If not,

explain.

5. In the equation 2x2 + 9x + 10 = 0, what would be the resulting equation if 2, 9, and 10

were replaced by a, b, and c, respectively?

6. Using the resulting equation in item 5, how are you going to find the value of x if you

follow the same procedure in finding the solutions of 2x 2 + 9x + 10 = 0?

7. What equation or formula would give the value of x?

8. Do you think the equation or formula that would give the value of x can be used in solving

other quadratic equations? Justify your answer by giving examples.

D. Abstraction

To solve any quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 using the quadratic formula, determine

the values of a, b, and c, then substitute these in the equation

b b 2 4ac

x

2a

Simplify the result if possible then check the solutions obtained against the original

equation.

Example: 2x2 + 3x = 27

Solution: 2x2 + 3x - 27 = 0

a = 2, b = 3, c = 27

x

2( 2) 3 15

3 15 x

3 9 216 x 4

x 4

4 18

12 x

3 225 x 4

x 4

9

4 x3 x

3 15 2

x

4

Checking:

2x2 + 3x = 27

x=3 x = -9/2

2(3)2 + 3(3) = 27 2(-9/2)2 + 3(-9/2) = 27

2(9) + 9 = 27 2(81/4) -27/2 = 27

18 + 9 = 27 81/2 - 27/2 = 27

27 = 27 54/2 = 27

27 = 27

E. Application

Find the solutions of the following quadratic equations using the quadratic formula. Tell

whether the solutions are real numbers or not real numbers. Explain your answer.

1. x2 + 2x + 9 = 0 3. (2x - 5)2 - 4 = 0

2. 2x2 + 4x + 7 = 0 4. (x + 2)2 = 3x + 10

IV. EVALUATION

Activity 5: Is the Formula Effective?

Module 1, Lesson 2D, p. 52

Directions: Find the solutions of the following quadratic equations by using quadratic formula.

1. x2 + 10x + 9 = 0 3. x2 + 5x - 14 = 0 5. 2x2 + 4x = 3

2. x2 - 12x + 35 = 0 4. 2x2 + 7x + 9 = 0

6. Do you think the quadratic formula is more appropriate to use in solving quadratic equations?

Explain then give examples to support your answer.

V. CLOSURE

Module 1, Lesson 2D, p. 55

Directions. Use the situation below to answer the questions that follow.

Mr. Luna would like to construct a new house with a floor area of 72 m2. He asked an

architect to prepare a floor plan that shows the following:

b. Living room e. Kitchen

c. Dining room f. Laundry area

1. Suppose you were the architect asked by Mr. Luna to prepare a floor plan. How will you do it?

Draw the floor plan.

2. Formulate as many quadratic equations using the floor plan that you prepared.

Solve the equations using the quadratic formula.

Index of Mastery

No. of Learners

Within Mastery Level

Needing Reinforcement

Needing Remediation

NAME: _______________________ GRADE 9 - _____________ DATE: ____________

SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS BY USING QUADRATIC FORMULA

Directions. Use quadratic formula to find the roots of the following quadratic expressions. Write the

correct words of the roots for you to answer the trivia.

What is BLENNOPHOBIA?

1. 2x2 - 8x + 3 = 0 4. 3x2 + 2 = 5x

3. x2 +4(x + 3) =

x 7 2 14 4 10 2

x x 1,

2 3

SLIME FEAR WATER

1 57 4 10 x 3,1

x x

7 6

OF HEIGHTS THE

3 1 5 2

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