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Modul Al-Kimiya Bab 01 - Kadar Tindak Balas Chap. 01 ~ Rate of Reaction 1.1 Menganalisis kadar tindak balas Analysing rate of reaction 1.2 Mensintesis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas ‘Synthesising factors affecting the rate of reaction 1.3. Mensintesiskan idea tentang teori perlanggaran ‘Synthesising ideas on collision theory T [ kemaskini: Jan2017 [cikguadura wordpress.com Modul Al-Kimiya Bab 01 ~ Kadar Tindak Balas | Chap. 01 ~ Rate of Reaction A. Kadar Tindak balas/ Rate of Reaction Senarai semak: Check tise ‘+ menvatalan maksud kadar Gindak balas # state what rate of reaction i, ‘ mengenal pasti perubahan yang dapat diperhatikan | + identify observable changes to reactants or products for pada bahan atatt has tindak balas untuk menentukan | "determining rate of reaction kadae tindak balas + menentukean kadar tindak balas purata + determine average rate of reaction, ‘+ menentukan kadar Gindak balas pada masa tertenta | « determine the rate of reaction at any given time from a ddarspadia grat graph + menselesaikan masalah penghitungan berkaitan dengan | + solve numerical problems involuing average rate of kde tindak balas purata dan Kedar tindak balas paca | "reaction and the average rate of reaction at any given masa tertenta, time . Tindak balas kimia melibatkan perubahan bahan tindak balas kepada hasil tindak balas. Chemical reaction involves the reactants change to produce products. Bahan tindak balas > Hasil tindak balas Reactants > — Products A + Bo o> C + D Bahan tindak balas adalah bahan-bahan yang terdapat pada permulaan tindak balas Kimia. Hasil tindak balas adalah bahan-bahan yang terbentuk pada akkhir tindak balas kimia. Reactants are the substances present at the beginning of chemical reactions. Products are the substances formed in the end of chemical reaction 2. Tindak balas boleh berlaku dengan cepat atau perlahan. Reactions can be fast or slow. 3. Tindak balas cepat berlaku dengan pantas. Tindak balas lengkap dalam masa yang singkat/pendek. Kadar tindak balas adalah tinggi. A fast reaction happens quickly. The reaction is complete in a short time. The rate of reaction is high. 4. Tindak balas perlahan berlaku perlahan-lahan. Tindak balas akan mengambil masa yang lama/panjang. Kadar tindak balas adalah rendah. A slow reaction happens slowly. It takes a long time as the reaction happens slowly. The rate of reaction is low. 5. Maka, definisi Kadar Tindak Balas adalah ... Then the definition of Rate of Reaction is . “pengukuran berapa cepat sesuatu tindak balas berlaku” “measure of how quickly a chemical reaction happen” 6. Rate of reaction is inversely proportional to time of reaction. Kadar tindak balas adalah berkadar songsang dengan masa tindak balas. Kadar tindak balas © 1 Rate of reaction masa tindak balas /time of reaction # NOTA : Istilah yang digunakan dalam kadar tindak balas NOTE : Terms used in rate of reaction Jenis tindak balas | Kadar tindak balas | Tempoh Masa di ambil Types of reaction Rate of reaction | Time to be completed Cepat Tinggi masa pendek Fa: High a short time Perlahan Rendah masa panjang Slow Low along time 2 | kemaskini: Jan2017 [cikguadura.wordpress.com Modul Al-Kimiya Bab 01 ~ Kadar Tindak Balas | Chap. 01 Rate of Reaction Aktiviti 1: Tentukan ma: untuk tindak balas kimia di bawah: Activity 1: Determine the time taken, type of reaction and rate of reaction for the chemical reactions below: yang diambil, jenis tindak balas dan kadar tindak balas Tempoh | Jenis | Kadar : , Masa | tindak | tindak 2 "ya ate diet | Sa | Sa . time | Type of | Rate of taken | reaction | reaction T. | Pengaratan besi berlaku apabila logam besi bertindak balas dengan oksigen dan air untuk ustingofton happen when ron metel reacts | Pariang | Periahan | Rendah with oxygen and water to produce rust, iron(II) Long oa coal oxide, Fe:0> 4Fe + 302 + 2H.0 > 2Fe20s,H20 2. | Magnesium dibakar dalam udara untuk menghasilkan pepejal putih, magnesium oksida, MgO Pendek/| Genat | tinggi Magnesium burn in air to produce white solid, Singkat | “;Pe' Fa magnesium oxide, MgO ‘Short is ‘| 2Mg + 02> 2MgO Serbuk magnesium larut dalam asid hidroklorik cair. Pendek/ Magnesium powder dissolve into dilute Sokal | Cepat | Tinggi hydrochloric acid pe a Fast High Mg + 2HC1> MgCl: + Ho 4, |Tindak balas antara kalium dengan air Pendek/ Reaction between potassium and water Sinekar | Cepat | Tinggi 2K + 2.0 > 2KOH + He Short | Past High 5. | Tindak balas aniara kalsium karbonat (batu kapur/ marmar) dan asid hidroklorik. Reaction between calcium carbonate (limestone/ ems Cepat | Tinggi marble) and hydrochloric acid wmeket | Fast High CaCO; + 2HC1> CaCl + CO: + 0 6. | Pemendakan argentum Klorida Precipitation of silver chloride oes Cepat | Tinggi AgNO» + HC1> AgCl + HNO> rey || tee tee 7._| Proses fotosintesis/ Photosynthesis process Panjang | Perlahan | Rendah 6CO: + 6H0 > CiHi.0s + 602 cee eee cae 8, | Penapaian glukosa untuk menghasilkan etanol (alkohol) dan gas karbon dioksida. Fermentation of glucose to produce ethanol Panjang | Perlahan | Rendah (alcohol) and carbon dioxide gas Long | Slow Low CoH1205 > 2C2HsOH + 2CO2 3 | kemaskinis Jan2017 [cikguadura wordpress com