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MIDAS
on MARK 9
Presentation
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Midas : Characteristics
Temperatures
- Ambient temperature: Default: 35 °C
- Product temperature (tobacco): Default: 0 ... 45 °C

Microwave output
- Microwave measuring output: < 100 mW.
- Operating frequency: approximately 6 GHz.

-The possibility of a person's health being impaired while the microwave


sensors are operating can be excluded.
- People wearing active medical aids (pacemakers) are not at any risk in
the microwave sensor area.
- The device complies with accident prevention regulation BGV B11
(electromagnetic fields, expert committee draft 12/99).
This has also been ascertained in measurements performed by the
trade association for precision mechanics and electrical engineering in
Cologne and confirmed in report no. EMF 66c – 2000.
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Midas : Principle

- To measure the cigarette weight, the cigarette rod is passed through a microwave resonator.
A microwave resonator can be conceived in an equivalent circuit diagram as an oscillating
circuit for very high frequencies.
- The gap in the resonator corresponds to the capacitor, and the wall corresponds to the coil,
which has only one turn in this case.
- The tobacco rod passes in the electric field of the resonator (i.e. capacitor). As a result, the
relative dielectric constant of the tobacco affects the resonant frequency of the resonator. As
the quantity of tobacco increases, detuning of the resonant frequency also increases.
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Midas : Principle
Resonator

HF generator Measuring
circuit
Rod

Processor card

Density signal to
weight control

- The Processor card sets the working frequency applied to the HF generator.
- The measuring circuit transfers the data to the Processor card which then generate a
density signal transmitted to the weight control system.
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Midas : Principle
Amplitude
80

70 A0

60

50

40 AX UAC
UDC
30

20

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0 5.8 6.2 f(GHz)


-The Resonator is mechanically made in a way that it will resonate at approx. 6.2 GHz (A0)
(empty sensor).
- If the electrical field is disturbed by the tobacco rod, the amplitude and the resonant
frequency are changed. (AX) is at a lower frequency around 5.9 GHz.
- A measurement frequency of approx. 5.8 GHz (6.2 GHz – 400Mhz at B4) is applied. The
exact measurement frequency depends on the weight class. The point of intersection is called
DC-value (see: red dot).
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Midas : Principle
Amplitude
80

70 A0

60

50

40 AX UAC
UDC
30

20

10

0 5.8 6.2 f(GHz)


- The DC-value by itself does not represent a weight value. Therefore the measurement
frequency, in this case is switching between 5.790 MHz and 5.810 MHz. There are two points
at the intersection points of the curve (see: yellow dots). The difference between these points
is called AC-value.
- A combination of AC- and DC-values represent a density value.
- INFORMATION: This is a momentary view, the shape of the curve continuously changes
during production and so the AC-DC- values.
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Midas : Principle

3D representation of the
weight calculation.

The fourth dimension:


The 3D graph shows the non linear relationship between the values UDC and UAC and the
cigarette weight. In addition to these values, the tobacco moisture content can be perceived
as the fourth dimension. Its influence on the measured values is considerable, making
internal corrections essential. This action ensures that the average weight of the cigarette
produced is always as close as possible to the target weight irrespective of their moisture
content.
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Midas : Requirements

Particular system requirements

1. The 24V power supply to the microwave sensor must be ensured


even if the machine is switched off. Otherwise, control deviations due to
the warm-up sequence of the resonator during start-up can be
expected.

2. After the power supply has been switched off, the warm-up sequence
can take up to 4 hours depending on the state of the microwave sensor
(temperature, moisture). Normally, virtually no more control deviations
can be ascertained after 60 minutes.

3. The set of parameters for the microwave module used for the applied
weight range, must be loaded in the sensor.

4. The cooling air (pressure: 4 bars) must be sufficient to prevent the


microwave from overheating. (The push-in choke in the pneumatic hose
of the sensor's air supply system may have to be replaced if
necessary).
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Midas : Weight Ranges

When calibrating a microwave sensor or microwave module, a set of parameters assigned to


the installed microwave module is calculated for each required weight class.
The parameters can only be determined at Hauni.
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Midas : Weight Ranges

To determine which Weight Range is better adapted to the current rod weight, simply
calculate the rod density by dividing the rod target weight by the rod length and search in the
table above which is the corresponding weight range.
These weight ranges overlap, so two of them may match. Select the one that offers the
widest variation range around the current density.
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Midas : Weight Ranges

When creating a new brand, it is possible to find a preset value of the parameter « a » in this
table according to the weight range in use and the rod length.
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Midas : Accessories

Temperature sensor
Type PT100

- In the MARK 9 maker, the temperature sensor is situated on the back deflector panel of the
hopper.
- The sensor continuously measures the temperature of the tobacco and directly transfers this
information to the scanner.
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Midas : Accessories
Temperature sensor installation :
- Centre the o-ring of the temperature sensor in the hole in
the carrier plate.
- Check that the studs on the temperature sensor are flush
with the housing.
- Carefully place the temperature sensor on the o-ring and
press it into the o-ring by turning and pressing at the same
time until sensor and carrier plate are flush with each
other. The outgoing cables must also be aligned in the
position noted.
- Tighten the hex socket-head screws (3x) on the
temperature sensor evenly.
- Perform the fine setting via the 3 studs until the surface
of the sensor and the carrier plate are exactly aligned. The
alignment can be checked by using a ruler.
- Fit the carrier plate and connect the cables.
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Midas : Accessories
24V Power supply unit :
-The 24V power supply (21.6 ... 26.4 V, 3.2 A) to the microwave sensor
must be ensured even if the machine is switched off. Otherwise, initial
control deviations due to the warm-up sequence of the resonator during
start-up can be expected.
- There are various installation locations, depending on the machine:
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Midas : Accessories
Pass tube :
- The tube is made of highly resistant material. It therefore will not
normally need to be replaced. If, in an isolated case, it does need to be
replaced, this is only possible in conjunction with the microwave
module, as both units are closely matched to one another.
- A complete calibration of the microwave scanner is then necessary,
therefore the scanner has to be sent back to Hauni.
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Midas : FAQs

Why does a set of parameters have to be loaded into the


microwave sensor?

The weight data is calculated in real time from the measured values
and tables.

MW sensor
processor card

Tables

Standardized
Measured Calculation of weight data
MW values weight data in the
module weight range
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Midas : FAQs

Why are there several parameter sets for each microwave


sensor?

Due to inevitable component tolerances, each microwave module is


unique as far as the necessary precision is concerned.
Weight data can only be measured and calculated accurately in a
restricted operating range.
The further a measured value is from the operating point, the larger
are the errors rendered by non-linear calculation functions.
This is why the data is subdivided into several weight groups. The
operating point is adapted to the required target weight by adjusting the
measuring frequency.
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Midas : FAQs

What requirements must be fulfilled in order to determine a


parameter set?

For each microwave module, 250 conditioned double-length tobacco


rods are measured for the required weight range.
5 weight classes and 2 different moisture levels are taken into account.
The climate of the room is kept constant during the measurements.
The basic parameters are determined from the measurement results by
computer using specially developed algorithms.
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Midas : FAQs

What requirements must be fulfilled in order to determine a


parameter set?

Double-length tobacco rods Climatized room


Meas. data

T Parameter set
Select weight PC
classes

Conditioning

MW Moisture
Proscan sensor Scale meas.
Uniformly conditioned
tobacco rods