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Impact of Tuberculosis

Nigeria
In Nigeria an estimated 407,000
people are infected with TB
each year

The World Health Organization


(WHO) estimates that 30,000
children get TB in Nigeria each
year

Worldwide

Nine million people become ill


with TB each year

TB is the number three cause of


death among childbearing age Department of Child Health,
University of Benin Teaching
women
Hospital, Benin City Nigeria
Address: P.M.B 1111 Ugbowo Lagos March 24th
Road
Benin City, Nigeria

Open 24 hours a day Institute of Child


Guidelines for treatment of tuberculosis. (2015, August 18). Retrieved from
https://www.who.int/tb/publications/2010/9789241547833/en/ Health, University of
Phone: +234 813 391 72309
Benin, Nigeria
Guidance for national tuberculosis programmes on the management of tuberculosis in
children. (2016, November 21). Retrieved from
https://www.who.int/tb/publications/childtb_guidelines/en/

Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.tbalert.org/about-tb/what-is-tb/prevention/


Email: info@ubth.org
Nigeria has one of the
highest burdens of
Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV-
associated TB in the world

Symptoms of TB
Coughing that lasts 2-3
weeks
Pain in the chest
Latent TB Coughing up blood or
People with Latent TB sputum
have no symptoms and do
Fatigue
not feel sick. Until it
becomes active, Latent TB Weight loss
is not contagious.
a potentially deadly
How to Prevent the spread
infectious disease that Active TB
of Tuberculosis?
mainly affects your Symptoms of TB being
lungs to develop while it is Cover your mouth when
active. People with you cough or sneeze
Tuberculosis is spread by tiny Active TB are contagious Wash your hands regularly
droplets released into the air via and can easily spread TB Open windows to bring in
coughs and sneezes. to others fresh air

Note: Early diagnosis can save lives. If


you have symptoms of active TB
disease, you MUST get treated right
away!
WHAT IS
TUBERCULOSIS
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious
airborne infection caused by bacteria
that usually affects the lungs, however it
sometimes affects other parts of the
body.

Who is at risk of Tuberculosis?

Babies and young children

People with chronic conditions such as


diabetes or kidney disease

People with HIV/AIDS

Close contact with person who have


TB

What are the symptoms of


Tuberculosis

Cough that lasts for more Fever


than 2-3 weeks

Weight Loss Night Sweats

Loss of Coughing Up
Appetite Blood
An estimated 407,000 people in
Nigeria are infected with TB
yearly.

How can you stop the


spread of Tuberculosis?

Wash your hands


regularly

Cover your mouth when
you cough or sneeze.

Use a fan and open


windows bring fresh
air

Vaccinate babies with


the Bacille Calmette-
Guérin (BCG) Vaccine

Sponsored by

Department of Child Health,


University of Benin Teaching
Hospital, Benin City Nigeria

Address: P.M.B 1111 Ugbowo Lagos Road


Benin City, Nigeria

Open 24 hours a day

Phone: +234 813 391 72309

Email: info@ubth.org
Guidelines for treatment of tuberculosis. (2015, August 18). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/tb/publications/2010/9789241547833/en/

Guidance for national tuberculosis programmes on the management of tuberculosis in children. (2016, November 21). Retrieved from
https://www.who.int/tb/publications/childtb_guidelines/en/

Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.tbalert.org/about-tb/what-is-tb/prevention/


MALARIA
INFORMATION
GUIDE

WHAT IS MALARIA?
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite: it is
spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. People catch
malaria when the parasite enters the blood. The parasite
causes a deadly infection. The parasite that causes malaria is
a protozoan called 'Plasmodium'.

HOW DO YOU GET MALARIA?


2. Infected mosquito bites
person who becomes
infected
 
1. Mosquito bites infected 3. The liver of new host
person, becoming infected becomes infected
   

4. The blood stream


becomes infected,
causing many symptoms
and deadly disease
 
SIGNS/SYMPTOMS OF MALARIA

A malaria is generally found to have the


following signs and symptoms:
Fever
Chills
Headache
Nausea and vomiting
Muscle pain and fatigue
Other signs and symptoms of Malaria:
Sweating
Chest or abdominal pain
Cough

Information found at:


https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/faqs.html
https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria
https://theconversation.com/debunking-myths-about-malaria-and-its-vector-the-mosquito-75715
Myths about
Malaria
Mosquitoes only bite at
Myth
night.

Mosquitoes that spread Malaria


bite MOSTLY at night but can

Fact still bite at ANY TIME OF THE


DAY! There are two types of
mosquitoes that bite mostly at
night; the Anopheles
mosquito that transmits malaria.

Once you get malaria, you will


Myth never get it again.

If not treated completely, these


liver stages MAY REACTIVATE

Fact causing malaria (“relapses”)


after months or years of you not
having symptoms.

Mosquitoes will not transmit


Myth from mother to unborn child

Parasites that cause malaria


affect red blood cells. People

Fact
can also catch malaria from
exposure to infected blood
INCLUDING
MOTHER TO UNBORN
CHILD
5 ways to
prevent Malaria
CONTACT US
Cover up! Wear clothing with
long sleeves and pants that can
go to ankles.

Use Insect Repellant! Apply


Repellant regularly

Sleep Under a Pre-Treated


Mosquito Net. If net is to
short then tuck it under
what you are sleeping on. World
Reduce your exposure to
mosquitos. Try to avoid
Malaria
going outside early in the
morning and late at night. Day
Take your Anti-Malarials
regularly.Ask you doctor about
your medication and follow the
instructions carefully.
https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria
https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/faqs.html
Don't Let
Malaria Control Signs and Symptoms Who's At
You! Fever/flu-like illness Risk?
Shaking chills
Seek your local Medical Headache
Muscle aches People who are heavily
Professional if you are exposed to the bites of
Tiredness Note
experiencing any of the Nausea Malaria may cause mosquitoes
anemia and
Signs and Symptoms listed Vomiting jaundice (yellow Adults and Children(Male
in this pamphlet! Diarrhea coloring of the skin and Female)
and eyes) because
of the loss of red A pregnant mother can
blood cells. transmit Malaria to an
When will you experience unborn child
these symptoms? People who receive
blood transfusions
If not treated in time, the For most people, symptoms Those who share needles
infection can become begin 10 days to 4 weeks
used for injections
severe and may cause after infection, although a
kidney failure, seizures, person may feel ill as early as
7 days or as late as 1 year
mental confusion, coma,
later
and death! https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria
https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/faqs.html