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TRIGONOMETRY I

1. ECE Board April 1995 B. 21.4 degree


A pole cast a shadow of 15 m. How C. 13.9 degree
long when the angle of elevation of D. 18.9 degree
the sun is 61 degree if the pole has
leaned 15 degree from the vertical 6. ECE Board November 2002
directly toward the sun? A certain angle has an explement 5
A. 48.24 times the supplement, Find the
B. 23.1 angle.
C. 54.23 A. 67.5 degree
D. 34.3 B. 108 degree
C. 135 degree
2. ECE Board March 1996 D. 58.5 degree
Solve for x in the equation: arctan

(2x) + arctan (x) = . 7. ECE Board November 2002
4 Find the height of the tree if the
A. 0.2841 angle of elevation of its top changes
B. 0.185. from 20 degrees to 40 degrees as
C. 0.218 the observer advances 23 meters
D. 0.821 toward the base.
A. 13.78 m
3. ECE Board March 1996
B. 16.78 m
The hypotenuse of a right triangle is
34 cm. Find the lengths of the two C. 14.78 m
legs if one leg is 14 cm. longer than D. 15.78m
the other.
A. 16 cm, 30 cm 8. ECE Board November 2002
B. 13 cm, 27 cm A wheel, 3 ft. in diameter, rolls down
C. 15 cm, 29 cm an inclined plane 30 degrees with
D. 10 cm, 14 cm the horizontal. How high is the
center of the wheel when it is 5 ft
4. ECE Board March 1996 from the base of the plane?
4 A. 4 ft
If sin A = , A in quadrant II, sin B =
5 B. 2.5 ft
7 C. 3 ft
, B in quadrant I, find sin (A+B) D. 5 ft
25
7
A. 9. ECE Board November 2002
5 If the complement of the angle theta
3 is 2/5 of its supplement, then theta is
B.
5 _______.
2 A. 45 degree
C. B. 75 degree
5
3 C. 60 degree
D. D. 30 degree
4

5. ECE Board March 1996


If 77 degree + 0.40 x = arctan (cot
0.25x), solve for x.

A. 20 degree 10. ECE Board November 2002

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 1
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

One side of the right triangle is 15 C. 1/5


cm long and the hypotenuse is 10 D. ¼
cm longer than the other side. What
is the length of the hypotenuse? 16. ECE board April 1999
A. 13.5 cm Sin (B – A) is equal to ____, when
B. 6.5 cm B=270 degrees and A is an acute
C. 12.5 cm angle.
D. 16.25 cm A. –cos A
B. cos A
11. ECE BOard November 2003 C. –sin A
What is the base B of the logarithmic D. sin A
function log 4 = 2/3?
A. 8 17. ECE Board April 1999
B. 2 if sec2A is 5/2, the quantity 1-
C. 3
D. 4 sin2A is equivalent to
A. 0.4
12 ECE Boars November 2003 B. 0.8
A transmitter with a height of 15 m is C. 0.6
located on top of a mountain, which D. 1.5
is 3.0 Km high. What is the farthest
distance on the surface of the earth 18. ECE Board April 1999
that can be seen from the top of the  cosA  4 -  sinA  4 is equal to ____.
mountain? Take the radius of the
earth to be 6400 Km. A. Cos4A
A. 205 Km. B. Sin 2A
B. 225 km. C. Cos 2A
C. 152 km. D. Sin 4A
D. 200.82 km.
19. ECE Board April 1999
13. ECE Board November 2003 Of what quadrant is A, if sec A is
If y = arcsec (negative square root of positive and csc A is negative?
2), what is the value of y in degree? A. IV
A. 75 B. I
B. 60 C. III
C. 45 D. II
D. 135
20. ECE Board April 1999
14. ECE Board November 2003 Angles are measured from the
The tangent of the angle of a right positive horizontal axis, and the
triangle is 0.75. What is the csc of positive direction is counter-
the angle? clockwise. What are the values of sin
A. 1.732 B and cos B in the 4th quadrant?
B. 1.333 A. sin B > 0 and cos B < 0
C. 1.667 B. sin B < 0 and cos B < 0
D. 1.414 C. sin B < 0 and cos B > 0
D. sin B > 0 and cos B > 0
15. ECE Board November 2003
If arctan 2x + arctan 3x = 45
degrees, what is the value of x?
A. 1/6
B. 1/3 21. ECE Board November 1997

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 2
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

Find the value of x in the equation If log of 2 to the base 2 plus log of x
csc x + cot x = 3 to the base 2 is equal to 2, then the
π value of x is
A. A. 2
4
B. -2
π
B. C. -1
16 D. 3
π
C.
3 26. ECE Board November 1998
π Solve the equation cos2A = 1- cos2A
D. A. 450 ; 3150
5
B. 450 ; 2150
22. ECE Board April 1998 C. 450 ; 3450
A man finds the angle of elevation of D. 450 ; 2450
the top of a tower to be 30 degrees.
He walks 85 m nearer the tower and 27. ECE Board November 1998
finds its angle of elevation to be 60 Csc 520 degrees is equal to
degrees. What is the height of the A. csc 20 degrees
tower? B. cos 20 degrees
A. 73.61 C. tan 45 degrees
B. 28 D. sin 20 degrees
C. 30 .23
D. 82.36 28. ECE Board April 1999
What is 4800 mils equivalent in
23. ECE Board April 1998 degrees?
Find the angle in mils subtended by A. 2500
a line 10 yards long at a distance of B. 2300
5,000 yards. C. 2700
A. 2.04 mils D. 2200
B. 10.63 mils
C. 10.73 mils 29. ECE Board April 1999 /
D. 4 mils November 2000
Cos4 A – sin4 A is equal to _______.
24. ECE Board April 1998 A. cos2A
Points A and B, 1000m apart are B. cos 4A
plotted on straight highway running C. sin 2A
East and West. From A, the bearing D. sin 2A
of a tower C is 32 degree West of
North and from B, bearing of C is 26 30. ECE Board April 1999
degree North of east. Approximate Sin (B – A) is equal to _____. When
the shortest distance of tower C to B = 2700 and A is an acute angle.
the highway. A. – cos A
A. 374 m. B. cos A
B. 364 m. C. –sin A
C. 636 m. D. sin A
D. 384 m.

25. ECE Board November 1998 31. ECE Board April 1999

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 3
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

If sec2A is 5/2, the quantity 1 – sin 2 A 36. ECE Board November 1999 /
is equivalent to November 2001
A. 0.40 A central angle of 45 subtends an
B. 1.5 arc of 12 cm. what is the radius of
C. 1.5 the circles?
D. 1.25 A. 12.38 cm.
B. 15.28 cm.
32. ECE Board November 1999 C. 14.28 cm.
A railroad is to be laid – off in a D. 11.28 cm.
circular path. What should be the
radius if the track is to be change 37. ECE Board November 1999
direction by 30 degrees at a distance Given: y = 4cos2X. Determine its
of 157.08m? amplitude.
A. 300 A. 2
B. 280
B. 8
C. 290
C. 2
D. 350
D. 4
33. ECE Board November 1999
38. ECE Board April 2000
If (2log4 x) – (log 49) = 2, find x.
If A +B+C = 180 and tan A + tan B +
A. 12
B. 15 tan C = 5.67, find the value of tan A
C. 13 tan B tan C.
D. 14 A. 5.67
B. 6.15
34. ECE Board November 1999 / C. 8.13
November 2001 D. 9.12
If arctan (X) + arctan (1/3) = /4, the
39. ECE Board April 2000
value of x is
Three times the sine of a certain
1 angle is twice of the square of the
A.
2 cosine of the same angle. Find the
1 angle.
B.
4 A. 30
1 B. 60
C.
3 C. 45
1 D. 10
D.
5
40. ECE Board April 2001
Solve angle A of an oblique triangle
35. ECE Board November 1999
ABC, if a = 25, b = 16 and C = 94.1
If tan4A = cot 6A, then what is the
degrees.
value of angle A?
A. 52 degrees and 40 minutes
A. 9
B. 54 degrees and 30 minutes
B. 12 C. 50 degrees and 40 minutes
C. 10 D. 54 degrees and 20 minutes
D. 14

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 4
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

A. 3
41. ECE Board April 2003 B. 3
If tan A = 1/3 and cot B = 2, tan (A-B) C. 2
is equal to ______________.
D. 2
A. 11/7
B. -1/7
C. -11 / 7 47. ECE Board April 2004
D. 1/7 Given: log (2x -3) = ½. Solve for x if
the base is 9.
42. ECE Board April 2003 A. 3
Three circles with radii 3, 4 and 5 B. 12
inches, respectively are tangent to C. 4
each other externally. Find the D. 5
largest angle of a triangle formed by
joining the centers. 48. ECE Board November 2004
A. 72.6 degrees What is the value of x if log (base x)
B. 75.1 degrees 1296 = 4?
C. 73.93 degrees A. 5
D. 73.3 degrees B. 3
C. 6
43. ECE Board April 2003 D. 4
 sec A tan A  49. ECE Board April 2001
Find the value of if
 sec A  tan A  If sin A = 2.5x and cos A = 5.5x, find
csc A = 2. the value of A in degrees.
A. 4 A. 54.34
B. 2 B. 24.44
C. 3 C. 35.74
D. 1 D. 45.23

44. ECE Board November 2003 50. ECE Board April 2001
If Log 2 =x, log 3 = y, what is log 2.4 Triangle ABC is a right triangle with
in terms of x and y? right angle at C. If BC = 4 and the
A. 3x + 2y -1 altitude to the hypotenuse is a 1, find
B. 3x + y - 1 the area of the triangle ABC.
C. 3x + y +1 A. 2.43
D. 3x – y + 1 B. 2.07
C. 2.11
45. ECE Board November 2003 D. 2.70
Simplify the expression 4 cos y sin y
(1 – 2 sin 2 y) 51. ECE Board April 2001
A. sec 2y The measure of 2.25 revolutions
B. cos 2y counterclockwise is
C. tan 4y A. 810
D. sin 4y B. -810
C. 805
46. ECE Board November 2003 D. -825
If 2 log 3 (base x) + log 2 (base x)
=2 + log 6 (base x), then x equals
______.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 5
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

52. ECE Board November 2001 57. ECE Board November 1991
If cot 2A cot 68 = 1, then tan A is The captain of a ship views the top
equal to _____. of a lighthouse at an angle of 60o
A. 0.419 with the horizontal at an elevation of
B. 491 6 meters above sea level. Five
C. 0.194 minutes later, the same captain of
D. 194 the ship views the top of the same
lighthouse at an angle 300 with the
53. ECE Board April 2002 / horizontal. Assume that the ship is
April 1999 moving directly away from the
Assuming that the earth is a sphere lighthouse; determine the speed of
whose radius is 6400 km, find the the ship. The lighthouse is known to
distance along a 3-degree arc at the be 50 meters above sea level. Solve
equator of the earth’s surface. the problems by trigonometry.
A. 333.10 km A. 40.16
B. 335.10 km B. 22.16 m/ min
C. 533.10 km C. 10.16 m/ min
D. 353.01 km D. 12.16 m/ min

54. ECE Board November 1998 58. ECE Board April 1992
Two triangles have equal bases. The Given:
altitude of one triangle is 3 units P = A sin t + B cos t
more than its base and the altitude Q = A cos t – B sin t
of the other triangle is 3 units less From the given equation, derive
than its base. Find the altitudes, if another equation showing the
the areas of the triangle differ by 21 relationship between P, Q and A and
square units B not involving any of the
A. 4 and 10 trigonometric function of angle t.
B. 4 and 26 A. P 2 - Q2 =A 2 +B2
C. 6 and 14
D. 7 and 23 B. P 2 +Q2 =A 2 +B2
C. P 2 - Q2 =A 2 - B2
55. ECE Board November 1996
D. P 2 +Q2 =A 2 - B2
If sin A = 2.511x, cos A = 3.06x and
sin 2A = 3.969x, find the value of x?
A. 0.265 59. ECE Board April 1993
B. 0.256 Express 45o in mils
C. 0.625 A. 8000 mils
D. 0.214 B. 800 mils
C. 80 mils
56. ECE Board April 1991 D. 8 mils
Find the value of P if it is equal to
sin21o +sin2 2o +sin23o +...
+sin290o
A. 45.5
B. 0
C. infinity
D. indeterminate

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 6
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

60. ECE Board April 1995 65. ECE Board November 1997
A pole cast a shadow of 15 meters The denominator of a certain fraction
long when the angle of elevation of is three more than twice the
the sun is 61. If the pole has leaned numerator. If 7 is added to both
15 from the vertical directly toward terms of the fraction, the resulting
the sun. What is the length of the fraction is 3 / 5. Find the original
pole? fraction
A. 53.24m A. 5 / 13
B. 54.23m B. 3 / 5
C. 53.32m C. 4 / 5
D. 52.43m D. 3 / 8

61. ECE Board April 2000 66. ECE Board April 1998
If A + B + C =180 and tan A + tan B    1  
+Tan C = 5.67, find the value of tan    3 2 
Arc tan  2 cos  arcsin    is
A tan B tan C
A. 5.67
   2  
     
B. 1.78
equal to:
C. 6.75

D. 1.89 A.
3
62. ECE Board March 1996 
Solve for x in the equation: B.
8
∏ 
Arctan  2x +Arctan  x = C.
4 4
A. 0.218

B. 0.281 D.
C. 0.182 6
D. 0.896
67. ECE Board April 1998
63. ECE Board April 1998 Two electrons have speed of 0.7c
The side of the triangle are 8, 15, 17 and x respectively at an angle of
units. If each side is doubled, how 60.82 degrees between each other.
many square units will the area of If their relative velocity is 0.65c, find
the new triangle be? x.
A. 210 units A. 0.12c
B. 200 units B. 0.16c
C. 180 units C. 0.15c
D. 240 units D. 0.14c

64. ECE Board November 1997


Find the 100th tern of the sequence.
1.01, 1.00, 0.99 …
A. 0.04
B. 0.03
C. 0.02
D. 0.05

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 7
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

D. 41.6
68. ECE Board April 1998 73. Problem:
A man finds the angle of elevation of Two sides of a triangle measures 6
the top of a tower to be 30 degrees. cm. and 8 cm, and their included
He then walks 85 m nearer the tower angle is 40Find the third side.
and found its angle of elevation to be A. 5.234 cm
60 degrees. What is the height of the B. 4.256 cm.
tower? C. 5.144 cm.
A. 95.23 D. 5.632 cm.
B. 45.01
C. 76.31 74. Problem:
D. 73.61 Given a triangle: C = 100, a = 15,
b = 20. Find c:
69. ECE Board November 1998 A. 27
If an equilateral triangle is B. 34
circumscribed about a circle of C. 43
radius 10 cm, determine the side of D. 35
the triangle.
A. 34.64 cm 75. Problem:
B. 64.12 cm Given angle A= 32 degree, angle B
C. 36.44 cm = 70 degree, and side c = 27 units.
D. 33.51 Solve for side a of the triangle.
A. 10.63 units
70. Problem: B. 10 units
The angle formed by two curves C. 14.63 units
starting at a point, called the vertex, D. 12 units
in a common direction.
A. horn angle 76. Problem:
B. inscribed angle In triangle ABC, angle C = 70
C. dihedral angle degrees; angle A = 45 degrees; AB =
D. exterior angle 40 m. What is the length of the
median drawn from the vertex A to
71. Problem: side BC?
The hypotenuse of a right triangle is A. 36.8 meters
34 cm. Find the length of the B. 37.4 meters
shortest leg if it is 14 cm shorter than C. 36.3 meters
the other leg. D. 37.1 meters
A. 16 cm
B. 15 cm 77. Problem:
C. 17 cm The area of the triangle whose
D. 18 cm angles are 619’32’’, 3414’46’’, and
8435’42’’ is 680.60. The length of
72. Problem:
the bisector of angle C.
A truck travels from point M
A. 35.53
northward for 30 min. then eastward
B. 54.32
for one hour, then shifted N 30W. if
C. 52.43
the constant speed is 40kph, how far D. 62.54
directly from M, in km. will be it after
2 hours?
A. 43.5
B. 47.9
C. 45.2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 8
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

the airplane is 700 miles, when will it


78. Problem: lose contact with the carrier?
Given a triangle ABC whose angles A. 5 meters
are A = 40, B = 95and side b = 30 B. 20 meters
cm. Find the length of the bisector of C. 10 meters
angle C. D. 2.13 meters
A. 20.45 cm
B. 22.35 cm 83. Problem:
C. 21.74 cm A statue 2 meters high stands on a
D. 20.85 cm. column that is 3 meters high. An
observer in level with the top of the
79. Problem: statue observed that the column and
The sides of a triangular lot are the statue subtend the same angle.
130m, 180m, and 190m. The lot is to How far is the observer from the
be divided by a line bisecting the statue?
longest side and drawn from the A. 5 2 meters
opposite vertex. The length of this B. 20 meters
dividing line is: C. 10 meters
A. 115 meters D. 2 5 meters
B. 100 meters
C. 125 meters
D. 130 meters 84. Problem:
From the top of the building 100m
80. Problem: high, the angle of depression of a
From a point outside of an point A due East of it is 30o. From a
equilateral triangle, the distance to point B due south of the building, the
the vertices is 10m, 10m, and 18m. angle of elevation of the top is 60 o.
Find the dimension of the triangle. Find the distance AB.
A. 25.63 30
A. 100
B. 19.94 3
C. 45.68
B. 100+3 30
D. 12.25
C. 100- 3 30
81. Problem: 30
Points A and B 1000m apart are D. 100+
62
plotted on a straight highway running
East and West. From A, the bearing 85. Problem:
of a tower C is 32 degrees N of W An observer found the angle of
from B the bearing of C is 26 elevation at the top of the tree to be
degrees N of E. approximate the 27o. After moving 10m closer (on the
shortest distance of tower C to the same vertical and horizontal plane
highway. as the tree), the angle of elevation
A. 264 meters becomes 54o. Find the height of the
B. 274 meters tree.
C. 284 meters A. 8.09 meters
D. 294 meters B. 7.53 meters
C. 8.25 meters
82. Problem: D. 7.02 meters
An airplane leaves an aircraft carrier
and flies South at 350 mph. the
carrier travels S 30o E at 25 mph. if
the wireless communication range of

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 9
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

86. Problem: at the top of the tower from A and B,


From point A at the foot of the which are 50 ft. apart, at the same
mountain, the angle of elevation of elevation on a direct line with the
the top B is 60. After ascending the tower. The vertical angle at a point A
mountain one (1) mile at an is 30and at a point B is 40. What is
inclination of 30to the horizon, and the height of the tower?
reaching a point C, an observer finds A. 110.29 feet
that the angle ABC is 135. The B. 92.54 feet
height of the mountain in feet is: C. 143.97 feet
A. 14,986 D. 85.25 feet
B. 12,493
C. 14,789 91. Problem:
D. 12,225 Find the supplement of an angle
whose compliment is 62
87. Problem: A. 280
A 50 meter vertical tower casts a
62.3 meter shadow when the angle
of elevation of the sum is 41.6. the B. 1520
inclination of the ground is: C. -2 6.20
A. 4.33 1
B. 4.72 D.
2
C. 5.63
D. 5.17 92. Problem:
A certain angle has a supplement
88. Problem: five times its compliment. Find the
A vertical pole is 10m from a angle.
building. When the angle of A. 67.50
elevation of the sun is 45the pole B. 157.50
C. 168.50
cast a shadow on the building 1m D. 186.50
high. Find the height of the pole.
A. 12meters 93. Problem:
B. 11 meters The sum of the interior angles of the
C. 0 meter triangle is equal to the third angle
D. 13meters and the difference of the two angles
is equal to 2/3 of the third angle.
89. Problem: Find the third angle.
A pole cast a shadow of 15 meters A. 450
long when the angle of elevation of B. 750
the sun is 61o . if the pole has leaned C. 930
D. 900
15from the vertical directly toward
the sun, what is the length of the 94. Problem:
pole? 1
A. 52.43meters The measure of 1 revolutions
2
B. 54.23 meters counter-clockwise is:
C. 52.25 meters A. 5400
D. 53.24 meters B. 5200
C. 5800
90. Problem: D. 5950
An observer wishes to determine the
height of the tower. He takes sights

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 10
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

95. Problem: 100. Problem:


The measure of 2.25 revolutions The insides of a right triangle are in
counterclockwise is: arithmetic progression whose
A. 800 degrees common difference is 6 cm. Its area
B. 820 degrees is:
C. 810 degrees A. 270 cm2
D. 850 degrees B. 340 cm2
C. 216 cm2
96. Problem: D. 144 cm2
If Tan  = x2, which of the following is
correct? 101. Problem:
1 From the top of tower A, the angle of
A. cosθ = elevation of the top of the tower B is
1+x4 46 . From the foot of a tower B the
1 angle of elevation of the top of tower
B. sinθ =
1+x4 A is 28. Both towers are on a level
1 ground. If the height of tower B is
C. cscθ = 120 m., How far is A from the
1+x4 building?
1 A. 42.3 m.
D. tanθ = B. 40.7 m.
1+x4
C. 38.6 m.
D. 44.1 m.
97. Problem:
In an isosceles right triangle, the 102. Problem:
hypotenuse is how much longer than Point A and B are 100 m apart and
its sides? are on the same elevation as the
A. 2 times foot of the building. The angles of
B. 2 times elevation of the top of the building
C. 1.5 tines from point A and B are 21 and 32,
D. none of these respectively. How far is A from the
building?
98. Problem: A. 265.4 m.
Find the angle in mils subtended by B. 277.9 m.
a line 10 yards long at a distance of C. 259.2 m.
5,000 yards. D. 259.2 m.
A. 1 mil
B. 2 mils 103. Problem:
C. 6 mils A man finds the angle of elevation of
D. 3 mils the top of a tower to be 30 degrees.
He walks 85 m. nearer the tower and
99. Problem: finds its angle of elevation to be 60
The angle or inclination of ascends degrees. What is the height of the
of a road having 8.25% grade is tower?
_____ degrees. A. 73.61
A. 5.12 degrees B. 76.31
B. 1.86 degreed C. 73.31
C. 4.72 degrees D. 71.36
D. 4.27 degrees

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 11
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

C. 2 2
D. 6 2
104. Problem:
The angle of elevation of point C
from point B is 2942’; the angle of 108. Problem:
A clock has a dial face 12 inches in
elevation of C from another point A
radius. The minute hand is 9 inches
31.2 m. directly below is 5923’. How
long while the hour hand is 6 inches
high is C from the horizontal line long. The plane of rotation of the
through A? minute hand is 6 inches long. The
A. 35.1 meters plane rotation of the minute hand is
B. 52.3 meters 2 inches above the plane of rotation
C. 47.1 meters of the hour hand. Find the distance
D. 66.9 meters between the tips of the hands at
5:40 AM.
105. Problem: A. 8.23 in.
A rectangle piece of land 40 m x 30 B. 10.65 in.
m is to be crossed diagonally by a C. 9.17 in.
10-m wide roadway as shown. If the D. 11.25 in.
land cost P1,500.00 per square
meter, the cost of the roadway is: 109. Problem:
A. 401.10
If the bearing of A from B is S 40W,
B. 60,165.00
then the bearing of B from A is:
C. 651,500.00
D. 601,650.00 A. S 40W
B. S 50W
106. Problem: C. N 40E
A man improvises a temporary D. N 75W
shield from the sun using a
triangular piece of wood with 110. Problem:
dimensions of 1.4 m, 1.5 m, and 1.3 A plane hillside is inclined at an
m. With the longer side lying angle of 28 degree with the
horizontally on the ground, he props horizontal. A man wearing skis can
up the other corner of the triangle climb this hillside by following a
with a vertical pole 0.9 m long. What straight path inclined at an angle of
would be the area of the shadow on 12 degree to the horizontal, but one
the ground when the sun is vertically without skis must follow a path
overhead? inclined at an angle of 5 degree with
A. 0.5m2 the horizontal. Find the angle
B. 0.75m2 between the directions of the two
C. 0.84m2 paths.
D. 0.95 m2 A. 10.24 degree
B. 13.21 degree
107. Problem: C. 17.22 degree
A rectangular piece of wood 4 x 12 D. 15.56 degree
cm tall is tilted at an angle of 45
degrees. Find the vertical distance 111. Problem:
between the lower corner and the The sides of the triangle ABC are AB
upper corner. = 15 cm, BC = 18 cm, CA = 24 cm.
A. 4 2 Find the distance from the point of
B. 8 2 intersection of the angle bisectors to
side AB.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 12
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

A. 5.45 A. 45,065,746.09
B. 5.34 B. 56,476,062.07
C. 4.73 C. 64,754,034.02
D. 6.25 D. 24,245,258.00
112. Problem: 117. Problem:
Two straight roads intersect to form If the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
an angle of 75 degrees. Find the is 7 A.M. What is the time in a place
shortest distance from one road to a located at 135 degrees east
gas station on the other road 1 km., longitude?
from the junction. A. 4 P.M.
A. 1.241 B. 6 P.M.
B. 4.732 C. 2 P.M.
C. 2.241 D. 5 P.M.
D. 3.732
118. Problem:
113. Problem: If Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is 9
A train travels 2.5 miles up on a a.m. what is the time in a place 45o
straight track with a grade of 110’. W of longitude?
What is the vertical rise of the train A. 6 A.M.
in that distance? B. 4 A.M.
A. 0.716 miles C. 2 A.M.
B. 0.051 miles D. 8 A.M.
C. 0.279 miles
D. 0.045 miles 119. Problem:
Find the distance in nautical miles
114. Problem: and the time difference between
Four holes are to be spaced Tokyo and Manila if the geographical
regularly on a circle of radius 20 cm. coordinates of Tokyo and Manila are
Find the distance “d” between the ( 35.65 degree north Lat.; 139. 75
centers of the two successive holes. degrees East long.) and ( 14.58
A. 20 2 degree North; 120. 98 degree long.),
respectively.
B. 10 3 A. 1469 nautical miles; 4.25 hrs.
C. 15 2 B. 2615 nautical miles; 1.52 hrs.
D. 5 2 C. 1612 nautical miles; 1.25 hrs.
D. 1485 nautical miles; 1.25 hrs.
115. Problem:
120. Problem:
In a spherical triangle ABC, A =
An isosceles spherical triangle has
11619’, B = 5530’ and C = 8037’. angle A=B= 54 degree and side b=
Find the value of side a. 82 degrees. Find the measure of the
A. 115.57 degree third angle.
B. 110.56 degree A. 15824’15”
C. 118.17 degree
B. 15524’15”
D. 112.12 degree
C. 16824’15”
116. Problem: D. 16524’15”
Considering the earth as a sphere of
radius 6,400 km. Find the area of a
spherical triangle on the surface of
the of the earth whose angels are
5089’ and 120.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 13
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

An observer 9 m. horizontally away


from the tower observes its angle of
elevation to be only one half as
much as the angle of elevation of the
121. Problem: same tower when he moves 5 m.
On one side of a paved oath walk is nearer towards the tower. How high
a flag staff on top of it. The pedestal is the tower?
is 2 m. in height whole the flag staff A. 6 m
is 3 m, high. At the opposite edge of B. 4 m
the path walk the pedestal and flag C. 3 m
staff subtends equal angles. D. 5 m
Compute the width of the path walk.
A. 4.47 m 126. Problem:
B. 5.34 m A man finds the angle of elevation of
C. 5.74 m the top of a tower to be 30 degrees.
D. 3.78 m He walks 85 m. nearer the tower and
finds its angle of elevations to be 60
122. Problem: degrees. What is the height of the
Simplify the equation sin2  (1 + cot2 tower?
A. 73.61 m
)
B. 45.36 m
A. Sin 2  C. 66.36 m
B. 1 D. 54.21 m
C. Sin 2  Sec 2 
D. Cos 2  127. Problem:
Points A and B are 100 m. Apart and
123. Problem: are of the same elevation as the foot
The angle of elevation of a top of a of the bldg. The angles of elevation
tree from a point 10 m. horizontally of the top of the bldg. from points A
away from the tree is twice the angle and B are 21 degrees and 32
of elevation at a point 50 m. from it. degrees respectively. How Far is A
Find the height of the tree. from the bldg. in meters?
A. 34.25 A. 277.36
B. 27.89 B. 271.62
C. 46.58 C. 265.42
D. 38.73 D. 259.28

124. Problem: 128. Problem:


A vertical pole consists of two parts, A and B are summits of two
each one half of the whole pole. At a mountains rise from a horizontal
point in the horizontal plane which plain. B being 1200 m above the
passes through the foot of the pole plain. Find the height of A, it being
and 36 m. From it, the upper half of given that its angle of elevation as
the pole subtends an angle whose seen from a point C in the plane (in
tangent is 1 / 3. How high is the the same vertical plane with A and
pole? B) is 50 degree, while the angle of
A. 74 m or 36 m depression of C viewed from B is
B. 72 m and 36 m 2858’ and the angle subtended at B
C. 60 m or 30 m by AC is 50 degree.
D. 80 m or 40 m A. 3200.20 m
B. 3002.33 m
125. Problem: C. 2989.42 m

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 14
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

D. 2847.64 m Four hours earlier a freight ship


started from the same point at the
speed of 8 kph with a direction N
1542’ W. Determine the number of
129. Problem: hours it will take the freight ship to
A 40 m high tower stands vertically be exactly N 7525’ W of the
on a hillside (sloping ground) which passenger ship.
makes an angle of 18 degree with A. 2
the horizontal. A tree also stands B. 4
vertically up the hill from the tower. C. 8
An observer on the top of the tower D. 5
finds the angle of depression of the
top of the tree to be 26 degrees and 133. Problem:
the bottom of the tree to be 38 A truck travels from point M north
degree. Find the height of the tree. ward for 30 min., then eastward for
A. 15.29 m one hour, then shifted N. 30 degrees
B. 10.62 m West. If the constant speed is 40
C. 7.38 m kph, how far directly from M in km,
D. 13.27 m will it be after 2 hours?
A. 45.22
130. Problem: B. 47.88
Two towers A and B stands 42, apart C. 41.66
on a horizontal plane. A man D. 43.55
standing successively at their bases
observes that the angle of elevation 134. Problem:
of the top of tower B is twice that of A car travels northward from a point
the bases the angles of elevation are B for one hour, then eastward for 30
complimentary. Find the angle of one hour, then eastward for 30 min
elevation of the tower B from the then shifted N 30 E. After exactly 2
base of tower A if the height of the hours, the car will be 64.7 km
tower B is 30 m. directly away from B. What is the
A. 28.32 degree speed of the car in Kph?
B. 38.58 degree A. 45
C. 40.27 degree B. 40
D. 38.58 degree C. 50
D. 55
131. Problem:
A ship started sailing S 4235’ W at 135. Problem:
the rate of 5 kph. After 2 hours, ship A motorcycle travels northward from
B started at the same port going N point L for half an hour, then
4620’ W at the rate of 7 kph. After eastward for one hour, then shifted
how many hours will the second ship N 30 W. After exactly 2 hours, the
be exactly north of ship A? motorcycle will be 47.88 km. Away
A. 4.03 from L. What is the speed of the
B. 3.84 motorcycle in kph?
C. 2.96 A. 45
D. 5.8 B. 43
C. 130
132. Problem: D. 33
A passenger ship sailed northward
with a direction N 4225’ E at 14 kph. 136. Problem:

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 15
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

A boat can travel 8 mi / hr. in still The area of an isosceles triangle is


water. What is its velocity with 36 m2 with the smallest angle equal
respect to the shore if it heads 55 to one third of the other angle. Find
degrees east of north in a current the length of the shortest side.
that moves 3 mi/hr west? A. 5.73 m.
A. 5.4 mph B. 9.22 m.
B. 6.743 mph C. 8.46 m.
C. 4.556 mph D. 12.88m.
D. 8.963 mph
142. Problem:
137. Problem: The difference between the angles
If the figure, BD and DC are angle at the base of a triangle is 17 48’
bisectors. If angle A= 80, how many and the sides subtending this angles
degrees is angle ADC? are 105.25 m and 76.75 m. Find the
A. 140 degrees angle included between the given
B. 120 degrees sides.
C. 150 degrees A. 90 degrees
D. 130 degrees B. 80 degrees
C. 70 degrees
138. Problem: D. 60 degrees
if a triangle ABC, angle A = 60
degrees and the angle B=45 143. Problem:
degrees, what is the ratio of sides Three forces 20 N, 30 N and 40 N
BC to side AC? are in equilibrium. Find the angle
A. 1.36 between the 30 N and 40 N forces.
B. 1.22 A. 25.97 degrees
C. 1.48 B.40 degrees
D. 1.19 C. 28.96 degrees
D. 3015’25”
139. Problem:
Find the angle B of a triangle if a = 144. Problem:
132 m., b = 224 m. And C = 28.7 One leg of the right triangle is 20
degrees. units and the hypotenuse is 10 units
A. 5903’25” longer than the other leg. Find the
B. 4903’25” lengths of the hypotenuse.
C. 3903’25” A. 20
D. 1903’25” B. 25
C. 10
140. Problem: D. 15
The area of an isosceles triangle is
72 sq.m. If the two equal sides make 145. Problem:
an angle of 20 degree with the third Determine the sum of the positive
side, compute the length of the valued solution to the simultaneous
longest side. equations: xy = 15, yz = 35, zx = 21.
A. 25.62 A. 15
B. 27.84 B. 13
C. 31.22 C. 17
D. 28.13 D. 19

141. Problem:

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 16
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

the sum is 20 degrees and its


bearing is S 60E, calculate the area
of the shadow of the wall on the
horizontal ground. CD is on the
ground portion of the wall and has a
146. Problem: direction of due north.
A rectangle ABCD which measures A. 78.53 sq. m.
18 x 24 units is folded once, B. 80.30 sq. m.
perpendicular to diagonal AC, so C. 73.45 sq. m.
that the opposite vertices A and C D. 71.40 sq. m.
coincide. Find the length of the fold.
A. 18.75 cm. 151. Problem:
B. 22.5 cm. A spherical triangle ABC has an
C. 21.5 cm. angle C = 90 degrees and sides a =
D. 19.5 cm. 50 degrees and c = 80 degrees. Find
the value of “b” in degrees?
147. Problem: A. 75.44
ABDE is a square section and BDC B. 74.33
is an equilateral triangle with C C. 76.55
outside the square. Compute the D. 73.22
value of angle ACE.
A. 35 degree 152. Problem:
B. 50 degree A point O is inside a square lot, if the
C. 30 degree distances from point O to the three
D. 40 degree successive corners of the square lot
are 5 m., 3 m. And 4 m, respectively,
148. Problem: find the area of the square lot.
Find the sum of the interior angles of A. 32.1
the vertices of a five pointed star B. 23.2
inscribed in a circle. C. 45.4
A. 120 degrees D. 36.6
B. 140 degrees
C. 180 degrees 153. Problem:
D. 170 degrees Find the angle in mils subtended by
a line 10 yards long at a distance of
149. Problem: 5,000 yards.
A square section ABCD has one of A. 1.0 yards
its sides equal to x. Point E is inside B. 2.04 mils
the square forming an equilateral C. 1.5 yards
triangle BEC having one side equal D. 1.3 yards
to the side of a square. It is required
to compute the angle of AED. 154. Problem:
A. 150 degrees The A point F is inside an equilateral
B. 140 degrees triangle, if the distances from F to
C. 150 degrees the three vertices of the triangle are
D. 120 degrees 3 m, 4 m, and 5 m, respectively, Find
the area of the triangle
150. Problem: A. 17.5
ABCD is a vertical wall AD = 3 m. B. 12.23
High, AB = 10 m. long. The wall is C. 19.85
built on a north south line on a D. 20.0
horizontal ground. If the elevation of

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 17
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

The corners of a triangle lot are


marked 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The
length of side 3 – 1 is equal to 500
m. The angles 1, 2 and 3 are 60
155. Problem: degrees, 80 degrees and 40
If the sides of the triangle are 2x + 3, degrees respectively. If the area of
x2 + 2x, find the greatest angle. 59,352 sq. m. is cut off on the side 3
A. 120 degrees – 1 such that the dividing line 4 -5 is
B. 100 degrees parallel to 3 – 1.
C. 110 degrees 1. Compute the length of line 4 -5.
D. 130 degrees 2. Compute the area of 2 – 4 – 5.
3. Compute the distance 2 – 4.
156. Problem:
Find the value of  in the equation 161. Problem:
Cosh 2 x – Sinh 2  =2cos. What are the exact values of the
A. 45 degrees cosine and tangent trigonometric
B. 60 degrees functions of acute angle A, Given
C. 30 degrees 3
that Sin A = .
D. 35.6 degrees 7
2 8
157. Problem: A.
Solve for x if Cosh x + Sinh x = 5
7.389 3 10
A. 2 B.
B. 10 20
C. 1 4 10
D. ex C.
15
158. Problem: 3 8
Find x if Cosh 2 x – Sinh 2 x + tanh 2 x D.
10
+ sech 2 x= Cosh x + Sinh x
A. 1
B. ln 2 162. Problem:
C. ex Simplify the expression sec  - (sec
D. x-x ) sin 2 
A. Cos 2 
159. Problem: B. Cos 
Triangle XYZ has base angles X = C. Sin 
52 degrees and Z = 60 degrees D. Sin 2 
distance XZ = 400 m long. A line AB
which is 20 m long is laid out parallel
163. Problem:
to XZ.
A flagpole is places on top of the
1. Compute the area of triangle XYZ.
pedestal at a distance of 15 m from
2. Compute the area of ABXZ.
the observer. The height of the
3. The area of ABY is to be divided
pedestal is 20m. If the angle
into two equal parts. Compute the
subtended by the flagpole at the
length of the dividing line which is
observer is 10 degrees.
parallel to AB.
1. Compute the angle of elevation of
the flagpole.
160. Problem:
2. Compute the height of the
flagpole.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 18
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

3. If the observer moves a distance C. 2 mils


of 5m. towards the pedestal, what D. 7 mils
would be the angle of pedestal,
what would be the angle of elevation 169. Problem:
of the flagpole at this pt. In an isosceles right triangle, the
hypotenuse is how much longer than
164. Problem: its sides?
A right spherical triangle has an A. 2 times
angle C = 90 degrees, a = 50 B. 2 times
degrees, and c = 80 degrees. Find C. 1.5 times
the side b. D. none of these
A. 78.66 degrees
B. 45.33 degrees 170. Problem:
C. 75.89 degrees If tan  = x2, which of the following is
D. 74.33 degrees incorrect?
1
165. Problem: A. sec  =
Calculate the area of a spherical 1  X4
triangle whose radius is 5 m and 1
whose angles are 40 degrees, 65 B. cos  =
1  X4
degrees, and 110 degrees.
1
A. 15. 27 C. sin  =
B. 17.23 1  X4
C. 21.21 1
D. 15.87 D. cot  =
1  X4
166. Problem:
171. Problem:
The sides of right triangle are in
arithmetic progression whose Find the value of y: y = (1 + cos 2)
common difference if 6 cm. Its area tan .
is: A. sin 
A. 270 cm2 B. sin 2
B. 216 cm2 C. cos 0
C. 140 cm2 D. tan 
D. 160 cm2
172. Problem:
167. Problem:
The angle of inclination of ascends Simplifying the equation sin 2  (1 +
of a road having 8.25 % grade is cot 2 ) gives:
____ degrees. A. 0.5
A. 4.72 B. eg
B. 5.12 C. 1
C. 4.27 D. e2X
D. 1.86
173. Problem:
168. Problem: Which of the following expression in
Find the angle in mils subtended by equivalent to sin 2
a line 10 yards long at a distance of A. 2tancot
5,000 yards. B. 2sincos
A. 4 mils C. 2sin
B. 2.5 mils D. cot

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 19
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

180. Problem:
174. Problem: The ____ is the line or line segment
The equation 2 sinh x cosh x is that divides the angle into two equal
equal to: parts.
A. e-x A. angle bisector
B. ex B. apothem
C. cosh x C. perpendicular bisector
D. sinh 2x D. terminal side
175. Problem:
Find the value of sin (90+A) 181. Problem:
A. cos A sin A. _____ are the lines bisecting the
B. – cos A angles formed by the sides of the
C. cos A triangles and their extensions.
D. –sin A A. Exsecants
B. Internal angle bisector
176. Problem: C. Perpendicular bisector
If sin(x + y) = 0.766 and sin (x – y) D. Exterior angle bisectors
=0.1736. Find sin x cos y.
A. 0.9695 182. Problem:
B. 0.6732 The two legs of the triangle are 300
C. 0.4698 and 150 each, respectively. The
D. 0.8563 angle opposite the 150 m side is 26
degree. What is the third side?
177. Problem: A. 341.78 m
Solve for  if coth2x – csch2 x = B. 218.61 m
C. 282.15 m
exsecant .
D. 175.23 m
A. 45
B. 30 183. Problem:
C. 60 The sides of the triangular lot are
D. 20 130, 180 and 180 m. The lot is to be
divided by a line bisecting the
178. Problem: longest side and drawn from the
A transformation consisting of a opposite vertex. Find the length of
constant offset with no rotation or the line.
distortion. A. 120
A. screw B. 240
B. translation C. 125
C. reflection D. 200
D. torsion
184. Problem:
179. Problem: The sides of the triangle are 195,
An angle whose endpoints are 157 and 210, respectively. What is
located on a circle’s circumference the area of the triangle?
and vertex located at the circle’s A. 14, 586.2
center B. 28, 586
A. central angle C. 16, 586.2
B. exterior angle D. 41, 586.2
C. supplementary angle
D. complementary angle 185. Problem:

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 20
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

3 The turning of an object or


If sin A = and sin  A +B  =1, find coordinate system by an angle about
5
cos B: a fixed point.
A. 0.70 A. involution
B. 0.80 B. revolution
C. 0.60 C. dilation
D. 0.100 D. rotation

186. Problem:
A Meralco tower and a monument
stand on a level plane. The angles of
depression of the top and bottom of 190. Problem:
the monument viewed from the top A rotation combined with an
of the Meralco tower at 13 degrees expansion or geometric con -
and 35 degrees respectively. The traction.
height of the tower is 50 m. Find the A. screw
height of the monument. B. shift
A. 33.541 m C. twirl
B. 64.12 m D. twist
C. 32.10
D. 36.44 m 191. Problem:
Find the sin x if 2sinx + 3cosx - 2 = 0
187. Problem: A. 1 and 5 / 13
A wire supporting a pole is fastened B. 3 and 5 / 15
to it 20 feet from the ground and to C. 15 and 5 / 13
the ground 15 feet from the pole. D. 1 and -5 / 13
Determine the length of the wire and
the angle it makes with the pole. 192. Problem:
A. 25 ft, 36.87 degrees If sin A = 4 / 5, A in quadrant II, sin B
B. 25 ft, 53.17 degrees = 7 / 25, B in quadrant I, find the sin
C. 24 ft, 36.87 degrees (A + B)
D. 24 ft, 53.17 degrees A. 2 / 5
B. 3 / 5
188. Problem: C. 4 / 5
Point A and B are 100 m apart and D. 6 / 5
are of the same elevation as the foot
of a building. The angles of elevation 193. Problem:
of the top of the building from points If sin A = 2.57 x; cos A = 3.06x, and
A and B are 21 degrees and 32 sin 2A = 3.939x, find the value of the
degrees respectively. How far is A x.
from the building in meters? A. 0.150
A. 259.28 B. 0.100
B. 325.00 C. 0.250
C. 454.85 D. 0.350
D. 512.05
194. Problem:
189. Problem: if cos  = 3 2 , then find the value
of x if x = 1- tan 2 ?
A. 2 / 3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 21
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

B. 4 / 3
C. 8 / 9
D. 1 / 9

195. Problem:
If sin  - cos  = - 1/3, what is the
value of sin 2?
A. 8 / 9
B. 4 / 9
C. 10/ 12
D. 10 / 15
A. 4114’48”, 6310”48”
B. 4523’43”, 6612’45”
196. Problem: C. 4013’35”, 6612’45”
Given the parts of the spherical D. 2224’3”, 6012’45”
triangle:
A = 6030’ 198. Problem:
b = 3815’ From the given parts of the spherical
a = 4030’ triangle ABC, compute for the angle
A.
A = 5230’
B = 4834’
C = 12015’

A. 4535’
B. 4430’
C. 4743’
D. 4640’

197. Problem:
In the spherical triangle shown, A. 12842’
following parts are given:
B. 5716’
A = 4018’
C. 14132’
C = 7500’
D. 11416’
c = 10010’
b = 6525’ 199. Problem:
The ____ is an imaginary rotating
sphere of gigantic radius with the
earth located at its center.
A. celestial sphere
B. chronosphere
C. exosphere
D. astrological sphere

200. Problem:

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 22
I
TRIGONOMETRY I

Two celestial coordinate are:


A. right ascension and declination
B. longitude and latitude
C. North Pole and South Pole
D. zenith and nadir

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS C2 - 23
I