IRFU DISCUSS~ON PAPER SERI:ES NO.

1

Current Status

and Future' Directions of Rice-Rel.ted

,Sroup Training Programs linlA.ia'

IRRI-

,

OOBINA'OONAl ,RlCE REsWCfI 1N5'lTI'iIJfE

De Interna:~iomdRire R~~ h!~tinUt; (IMf_l), was. '~SI3!bU~1t~d m.]900

by IheFotd amID Rockcfclk~ r·OI.!ndlationtS wi:1h 1M -- .:WI ,il;.PProvai of me:

GGI!i\e-m~~ af me .P.hUi~plMS~ '(@day IRltI, is 0- ~S nQ~prafit iml·

~m.~Ul)~ld ~h ceJ!~rn sUPJ;IQ~ by '!!li!t CQMtiitadve GroUl,p on Intel:" !tl!iof!~ A;firicuru~&csean::h. (CGlAR) •. 1'bcOOlA..R is sPQnoorcd by Ithe Food, Wild Agricuilllill:l'e. Orgamza.tio'lru (lfthe UlUred, N.!!,It.lollS. 'Unc fnttmatlrul3t1. BilIlk for .ReeornsmJelilQn, 1lllI.(lD$vcl.opm~m('W01'.ldllook:), am1~, Olili,WI N::ili~~lo.Il!!i!,~!M Progrnmm'C '(IIJNDP), I!s meliOibersh.illp :i~ ,compri~ of d~nor wl.!II.m.e&. ~ntematicTtLiil. 1!J1Il:lr:c:g1OJ1'lalJi o~g~im~on:s. .~. ,ri\'~~

:Fmlllitds:oolll$. - --

~RR~ ~ives SUlPiM)~.tl!rot!gh!hcOOIA_R.fr-QIQ.OlJ: nlJlm:ber ofd'Qno!¥. irniludmglhe Asian. :OC.relOpmcnt. Bd .. Ilhc iEuw.pcan Cbmmlmil),., !he Ford FaundliUio:n. tM 'btalil:l;tI,onM. D~\I1![~pmw~RI~ilIldh. Cieintl'e., ~~it&l!'" donal ~liIniffi fl;ifr Ag,ricliI~mW~"'~I!#pm¢flt. _OPEC SpGcial.Funtll. l!h~ R~cllef.ficu!!ltl!ltiml,. UN[)P~ tb~ Wortd ml:!!n:k. M~ me iW!!l;imm:i~~ &'!/dQpm~m'ljs:sji!j~ Ilg,<lm;;ies of !he: fioUo-wi:nggQvcm.melil.1;S;. A1il!S~ .D:e!lgiln~ •. BWlliI., ~d!o, Chiinlll, ~flm~t.fi~liuliJ •. Fr:moe. Gcmmarry;, k1i. dia..lir.m. h:ali.li" Jllpan •. Rc;pui:1llic !of Kme~ M~icOl. The ~Methcd:aruls. New Ze.a.l!a.nd, Nmw.a,y. :Pl1:il}PiIJi[i~$. S!;lut1li Arabi.a., Spaifl, SWalt'ifl. SWiilMrlan~. U~i~ Kin,gd:Qm., iiinrl_Utnimd: Sw.~ or Am~n.Clli.

n~ respo:fiI$ibiiili.~)' for irnis ,L!lb[tcmi(ln. :~~ wi ill. ,_, Jll'Imflii;llrlQl1lo1Plca REseru;clilbl$d~~.

nemRl.D.isoLWioIl IP':l:poer .~s. ~CI'iCalM aS18. :f1c.xwMe mCilins. fnrIRRl wientists kj. $ffiIam inI'O:mruwQ1iI wi:rn.~(;i:oJlizc~ irns.tirntiOm Ilfttd ii.fldlividll~ !!!h;,E:ac,'h. P~PO'l' W/;. produoed :fiI\o.rn, !came'i<1"tl'Cooy ClOpy su:ppilllod by the !:IU,. Ilho[ II:Ildi is. ,roec's.sed ' -- : tion ,and .PIlihli:cllIjon:ll ~ioes. The: papers arelY,ogJ'il!pMcaI. aoeuraq onmy and ace nat subje:Cl:edlO '1hC Mmrullll ItRWeditim,g or ~r g;yie.w ~s¢.s.

De series is m~ndbdl Ito be it fast mC!m5 ,of :p~n~ngpre:1imin<!ll)' [lC&1l!lltS (if ~aroh slill m props. oo,t. which ~--1iIc .of i:mmOdia'le U~ to ,otheJ'S •• &e-ciI!;Sa]OOCOOIaWi spccia'! proj«l~ l'C!portns, ,eonooma i!liKl. nc.ti> work R;POm, m.Qn proocedings Q;i ~po:m;. ofmeco-'lg:!!: <lAd WO:OO;Il~Il!i, J!:cO<mm'C>ndatio:t'l!Sfmm Sip~]a.r w.Qwh.op. Sind similar mal.Criaffi.. --

IR.'ru invi!!eS feedba..ck: from ~ilders. whic:i.hwiiUI ~ ~sefilill toOUle <!!1i!. ihtnfS wl7i.el!lltlley.aft .fd:illiilil,g me~ir millCrim for flOrmocl pliIblliicationm jllru:~ nOliis or .il5m.(lnog~hs.

h1i~mati~rn:aru .Ri~RSSiI':~Iil: fnslillwto P,(J,B:Qrr.: 93'3.~illili 1.099', PIit~lillppiliflO:S .~aJ!:: ,(63-:2) 818·2087. S2;t.424iG

EI~!.fW!ic miil: mW'lPolilmil,iS~r@IR1tI.CG:NE'f.OOM' n:t~; !(rrI) .rog,f,l!(J1 RICB PM

(C'wm~ 14:~n9mrr.n PS, (R!CA)21:4.S6 UUI. fEll (CWI) 141!6t It:JP,$

S'_cgesfed Citatilon:

Millie.")!, E L Rallb R 'fNa;~ B ·L,eds. (1994) CIl~Qlt. ~l1m!ii WI~ f!!i!LU:I'e dirroctiom oJ rict;.~ group ~g ~m klia. P~ililgs of lI.wolbhnp MIdI!: .Kascts:wt UrniiYCl:lli,t}'. ThailUd, J.-4l NOvmlMI' .ru"J,.mm[l~~\m .P.J.pet Series. No.1. .mIiI.'lClmaI.i:ona'i Rice .Plt'i·sem:h. J;nI$lilul~.P)O.B@~ 03:3. MmiIDa. P:ltlUitppi~" 110p',

,ESBNI71424ll10§4.:.I. IrON 0117:.080

Curren'f Status

and fllture Di,e,cfiolls

·of.,.Related arouprrainilC'ro.,ams

ill A I •

• n' •• 1 SIa'

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

IH ElD AfKASIETSART UNIVERSITY~ IHAJ LAIN D' 1 .. 4 NOV:EMBER 1993

JO I NiTLY .sPONS:OR:E~) B·Y:

Tille Ill1!temat~Oinal Rice Researcll1 Iln,s,titlillte Los Banos~ Lagun.a

Kasetsalft: I!!Jn[r\t{:rs!lt·y 8angkh€IIr'I., Bafil~kolk, Thai lam":!

Th,aii'l'an:d R~ce IRie91a (Chi lillilstnlUilB B,~ulg!!t;i~.en. IE!iang_koH., lhaJi ~and

1'994

IRRI

[!\ITERMATIC»MLRlCE ,RF.:SEARO!~Nsr:rrtrrE i?O, :Sox 9,33, Man ilia :1099'. I?hUipplnes

Partuoipants :1

Oanrerer'J:oe OqjeotiVes 1

M€thod~o:logy 1

Kampho! Adu lavidnaya :3 Pr:asoQ't Sitrtisua:ng3

lra~ning pro,grams ,of the Bangla·cle sh R~ce Resealfch Institute; rC!.lI rr·ent status ElM tutu re diirec:tiiOns- Fait! ad .J 3m~e I 7'

'The Ol.il !Tent sta,tus andhnu F·e dir,€ctio;i1S of rioe.·rehlted: traln'jng progra rns ~r1I (:~amOQdia - ,Chin Ch,tlltil rem 13,

The working :stZl.tll s ai\ld pr,oSP8ctsilor academic 1Ifaifil ingat China IrNJat!om."l,1I IRice ReseaFch InsJtitl.lte- ¥onglisf\e;: lu 23

Cou nnyrepon: O!ll 'The cunent. :stSrlusand future directl'onsof ruc«el:atedll1aii n,fn,g p ro~rarms in Asia"- S.I<. MohaI~ty 21

Current st;atus of Direct'(wate' of Rioe R~.SIeareh Training ornRioe PR:ldu:ctiofil Tectmol.ogy lin India~· Malh-aibil!' S~ngh. 'B.S.N. J~·e>Ciliy! and P .. Muthuraman 29

Rio€·relalte,d traTn~ng in the too IPIDR .- Somlll,t. SiwapihJonh, J,M. Sc!nriller, and, Vi0f11!ltS8vanh Maniivong 39

Curren:t status and future din~ctton of nonrdegf,e€: trarli1l~ng ~r1l Myanmar- T~fil Maung So€: al~d Khi n Zaw as

The curte tilt status andl futu we ,d:i r(N3tion of rice re ~aMd 1IJ:ari n iiril@i, IProgram fF'il INl~lJa:~ - Gopa!IPrasad Sh t~a kati 4:9

Twa in~F1g programs· ofthe Ph il:ip:piine RiQe Resear,ch hllSl;ituue: Status and directions - Zyla Cirill'o·lMac:[l'sieb 57

In:!ining and deve~opment ofagi'imJ~tulra ~ ffisear,c:h, sclentists in the [)\€:part,ment of AgJriol.llliU.lr'€, lhailland - Busbia VrakornvorawU!t 67

Nonde;grootra~ni ng in the R'ioe Research ~l1sti~Ll:te ofTh aHand - NOPPOHill Supapqj and Sarayoli.lth Phu miphon 13

The A:siar:! Regiona~ Center (ARC) of AVIR DC-, Ch:artes )'. Yang 81

Ro~e of leR ISAT tl'!lJman resoueee deve~opmentprogr,am in Asia- 113.. [Hwak,a~ 8~

Oe\lle Io:pment ~rlQgiran1S aftne ~'nltetnilaUionall irriga~iQn Managemerilt Institute - p.s. IRaa 89

Theme 1: lrainirlig, Plann~ng and Eva'lu8tiof1l 9'5 ()IJ rrent .seene rio 95

Pr'ef!E!rred soonal'io 95

Theme 2: lraining, Materials [)eve'io'pm.ent97

C!U ril'e:nt SOOlnti riO 91

P~€lfeirred:soenado 97

The me! 3; Hu m,an Resouw1ces Deve~opm€nt 99 Ourterntsc€rIIsrl:o 99

Preferred sceneno '9,9

Actionp!anto estabHshi ASi:an Rice·8;alsed Trai nin~: Network :1:03 Rationale for network 103,

Visua:nzeid network benerilts/outoomes 1.03 N,etwo~k membership {i niti!allly} .1:03,

N:etwo~k members' resDOr1sibilli~ies, 10 the flemO\rk 103

N,etwo~ memOOII'S' resDons!bi~itie:slo tl1elrr wespootive, ul!1iVoo~"mtry :1.04 Fbnctiofllrs of me network 104

Tine AS1 an IR:ice-8,ased lral~1i1 ~ng !Network Steerilrng Committee 1()4 leadllnsti~ution W4

~!1jtiatliQ:n 104

SlUi,~sted n~tworkac~tvities< for the attainment. of gQ:aI~S 1.04- SiJJigested pack3g\e o~ 'EU:~yiipm.ent 104-

SU,ggesteclloc:artion o,f eQu ipment package 104

OwgO!llnizi;ngcommltte,el'01 Pa rtl:cipants 109

IBa!ck'glrou nd" Wo rkshop Organiz,a:Uon and Summary ol ,Output

mRl.h~ls o(m(li:lcted U1li~,i!~!l: tOf f!~tion:dri,c~ $cien!tlsu slllice ! 9,62, [}YlrIlllg this peri:odm.ore IUilarl ., ,O(lOscLerlt~sts.l]i'lvebeen nilried <lil']IUU and an ~!nknow~u!Jmberb~vlli' bee!:! trwned iin,~ OCl!.lntty tJ!Y IRJU scientists, DOTilllg !he past decadle,.m:Ri's researcb locus hil.iS ~'lte!n! ,0'['1 ~. I;lcQ~e.,giml~ and $~ootl~c ~pproa.c'~ ~d h.i.rJ!ing has fOnOwooiill parallel wi'~ lbii.s e¥o~U(~on.

nl!l.ri:l~g the pasr !l.eve'l'm. [Iecm:les, liIat]()['Jalagri:c!iJIJ~L!llffil !1~seucb ,s,ystems (N ARS) ~1~v,edleveh;lJPe<!lI, ~Q vMY.~ngd~glrnes, InIl.Cir 'OWlll]I ca~adtl.e~ fortral.lilifilgn,ailio~~l SdC1'111t1sts On lrilice~c]:l!~.ed~ec:b[llCllogies. However. ~hU!e c(lmp['e,l1!et'ls~ve: iillforma!ion on the s~tJ1.!S of dc~·r~I~~ed g,W!!!'pW!ll)[ng in A:!j~am! HAAS is ilI!va1~:able, Pucobai'i;)Jy" tliol a sblgle N ARSis :fmi'iiM w.i!.h! wi:13:[ o1liler N ARSMe dO~f!g.i$l lC1mS oif doe ~ru~illlg - no'r is.lRRt To, dlate,lIere hasbeen no sys,lem.atic. eff(liI'l ~o de'rermine how NARScM'I,be;M WOi~, u)'g.elller .lM'!d wil.!~ IM:tCs, IlO 'optimize use Of sCru"CcrceSlOlJr'Oes fOIl: neercl<l~ed group U1iIinil1g.

l'oadd.ress dlieseiss.lJJes, an Inrernatiooal Tra:i~i~8, COr-li';i!'e:!loe o ill ;'(:"'!iI!'~'Il:l St.'1I~S!llnd F1i:I~1cI re Directions Q!f'R:ioe~ Relaled 01)00.11 T:mj'n.il~g .Pltog:rn;m:s illl AS~;:Jt', ~sl~~~d flit Ka~~t lJniv~rsi;t.y ,(1<11) dlldQS ~.~~. Nove~mber ~993'. 1'.n.e ,co:nJe:re1lJce: was coboS:led by KU. Thai]amId. Rke Rese;'MCb l:lllcS![itlJu~,.::md IRIll

IP'arti,cip ants

Parlic;:ipants wereHIJIeads!Directo(S of f!ce·rel:ued tra~u~~g pfO'grnm.Sor represetlUltivcs; kIlQw~ed.g;eablie; aibQij,[[hese prog,r;ams fmm, Ba:n.gladesh,. C1tmbo~ill. Clli~Ja, India. llfld.o:mesia, Lao PUR. MYrn1l:lWI!lf. N~[Jai. Pllil.i~~ppi,lW}s. Sri Lanka, Thai~aJnd.and Vietnam and AVRDC,J:CR,rnSA'i" IlMI. lRm:, 3J1lHill UNDP. Re:pre8effilti'!:lives f f()ll:il AV~:I)Candi UN'I!)P preS>entedpa,pers OI~ ollelllilnig day., and did notp~tJ:cl]'ll.1:lie fu!rn.nor ~I'l lhe wo(:k:shops/discUS8iollS.

!C,cH1lIf'eren ceOb.j'ec:~ii ve·s

The coa'lferc:mcc: was a fiorum. ~l.Qi

Lsbl1!:roNAH.S r] CC,-fiC !.1ued~.ahl~:111 g. acti vi lies and C'.X.periJfl!lil.oes am,ong pru:tiC'ipmus:

2" bCUier ILInders~d ocm:s:tr;liiirll:S; and ,rofbil~m,s: oo.cb NARS faces~n D[.lI~lltit'!g. gro1i!P !I:rn:I!!I!i!i!g COUTI'ies omt!l~rl desiglJJi.lllgll',d!evelo:pililgSllipporu;ng amI oomple.!1i1JClllwy lfaifllng matc,lial:s:

3, soHd~NARS viewsa:s [Q b!O'w IARCs ·Call. best &'i.!P,oli1 ,and OOmp1effient WlatiOl'lal:riiOe-fie]alled gmill'p trainil'lg (lrog:ro.ms ~d 'es:~b~i$!h mtlch~i:sms ~o b!ll,prov~·N.AR.siNARS iU'!d NAR::MARC ooU~~()mti!oJl;

·4,. de~.e:rm:ine poleDinlial.rbr ~miProv.ingc;o:m:patib~~ity muong 'N ARS·N ARS;m.d NARS~~:ARC 'lrn!illi~Iilgm!liW:r:ioos ,cfeve;lop:ltl.e!:U and! p:rodlu:cU.ol!) U!1]Ul:

5. e)l:plon:, wall's~ em.l$lcccx:pertiseofmsd!tu(i.QIlaID [m~s:: mid

~i dteve~opallil ~ctiliOf! p[~nl!O ad'dre'Ssmajoi!is~ues iidleruJfled •.

IMleUl!odohlgy

Fcn()wing Q,penin:gl :fQ.rm~}]Uies, e;ac':b. ooMterencepruticipm:u msde.apresel:ltation Qlll.riiccHI11a:l:ed :n.ml!~ellliee groitlP ![J:.ai:l'l][Ig i:111 ~lc:i!!" oos~cave NARS. r~[or 'lOtherne~t~ng, P~ljci~~U.:s .'ilibm~ued ~,O. UUU a pa[le-<i dles<cr.i:b~!'Ig;

.objecli\leli:

.. ,acli",i,liJes

.. WgC!t ,!l!1.Idiicl'lcelj'llarll.dp!m.1;s

• slnmfing,

• OOS01l!~S «(,i~tanclOillphY~I(;8i~)

.. c:oUaoornJj,OJiI wi~ omer N ARSfIA.:R{:s

• umning mate,rial:s (dev,e]o;P'llfleIlt mid production)

• U"a_ilJiill~ p[an~i:lIig

• ,COinilll:J':aints

'fen mimlleS\vOl£ al]ou~d for :p.rese!ilooiot! ;])i!lid :5 IDjny~es fiOr gp~. forum. Based on prerenta:ti:o[lS ~~ ensu iiI:lg di!Cussiol'll, pO('lIltiru worki:ng gm'u:p '[hemle8 and 'COmmo~ CCiifi)JoomJs were ~t1e~![,ifiM. P~ici~rll;S were: d~vided io!lO Unee "w!orkin.s, grou.ps.'· ool1l'e:ipol:ldiflg t() Lh,e; r6Ilow~!ilg ~ernes:

.. ni:f1.i:ng p1an;liI!i [II?; and e:\!'ailliliflHofl

• 'niIling mawri aIs de¥e1o:p,mem

.~. l1M:m~l :rcsQ1.I~e:s d~'\I'elopnl!flll[

.Aj~m.ma.!emenl. of chimge"a:p.pmEl~~f1. i~,i.tls'il'atf:din Fig. 1. was folillowoo. GfOUp8 wOikooseparaMy I~:a assess i.tIld dQc.umelllil 1!ihe Cl.lJrrel~l. andpoo~~erred 1:m~l:Illflg scel1l.w;i.o5<. O1!fror' wbich eachgroup's o;t!~P:llItWM prc&emed,;'IDd cri,~jq'!!I.ed •. in :pl.enary s~rss:io:ns. Participants '\\'\(:00 proi!!l'idc:d w~tIID a printed sn:lmmMY o:f ,e~cb worki~!.Il: :groM.pS' OIi,U~U'ts ft)llowi~lt each pliCfl3fj' session.

Form(lrodfic~e:!llimJ!em<ctiCln.~d·lJ~ains~t)~itillg t;()iiWmd a. sell O!r~OIilS![11'31eg~es fOFmceli,ng goals, and ~o d,eveloi.p a,n'lctionploo. based o:nprdc'lil'cd Sioem~os~UlliegrQ'Up met i~ p.l.enary fOlme re;mrai!lJIder (If me workllll.QP. nel:iesu~t was a II.IMn~mO'u8 (lcfi(m plWh de-si,gnoo by pamC'ipants I:bemselv~. ilo esrlilib~iis!1:J, an ASianR:ioe,""Ball.e4l'tai mi Ii\gNe;l.woi~ w.i illl eac~ panit~pmi~,g NA!RS and fRRI 3is;~nhi;d me-m:oors.

P'ref1erred ·Scenario

Actioln p'lan. (Strateg:y)

I Wh:erer arew:e?'

m(e to lbe?'

to our gOia~s

D<r.Kamp;.ho:~ AduEa viill:l aya.

President, Kasets art U ni versify B anf:k:ok, Thailandi

IlL is a gr,eaJtpka.s1u.re and :pU-:E'vi1es;e liO of.l'toiall,y op€'!11 this 11:l~~matl!ocr!1l.1 COnreref!C~. O;n"CtilLftI"C1il't SI:8ilYS and Fil.!lure Di~cliliQns of~ice?Re~lated 'f~m:ninig .P:rog.ratm!SilH. A:srna!'., 1t~s a.1'So,agi:.ea:~ hO:llor (,a,w·eJoome aJl dfu;li~1!,'I!i:S~)I~lclIlf~Licip.mIlS of thrus oollli~l~[coce.

~. wouild ftrs!~ nke 11.0 C;!4;preS!s my O:]ppfeciat:J:OIlIJO I~e Ol'g~n~7;iIng ()o:mm:i~~lt:e andtbe l[JI(ematiol'lal Rice ReseMcb InSti,nll~e" 11lailand Rice Researeh ImSliune. and KaseWliC[ U~iV(lr$illf forll~eooUalb(l\mlive dfio[ts,ill1"oom~ng 'up w~lh lh~s ooflifea:>eI:lC'e. Th~s OO1~fer,e:~J(le wittllle ai. forum ~Q slh,ru-e riee~c:l!3Itedhinin:l:l ac~i vities and 6'xIPe,rie'n:ce:s. ,[IS well as to~~u!er I!Irnde!'Sl.ud the. cOl!'nStfall1i1Sand priQbk~ms, tha~ each ObiS Ulces, iro implicmcln:uliI,g. de:ve[QP~I'l,g.iU1d d'ellii.gniflggtrolJ[lbiru~ iiilg eourses .. A,lt Ilbis ,confererniCC, we shan l~ike,tlleQPpO:rJ!IJ[Ji~y 10 discuss in depth,. several ~S'!il.les '~<'It mi!fh~ d~a!1ge ()~r views DI1lI1l111l(j)ernta~uli~g of tfIDnilt1g and h~pc tQ arrive at lJ:ig;inly OOf!lcre:l:e alMii benefid:<I1 fCcom:mendlltiOti!s,. [I]jrm~y be~~eve ~;;t!t KascWl!Jt Otl:iver.s:ity OOIlI~~ :provi,de )'outbe bestf()~sibl~ <litmJQspllu.cl,le for a.. U'ail'Jji;!~g. forum.

De OlIDlputOOsllIitti:ng from mjs COfl~e!l1e~ce is 'Of ,g;rof!!l :impcu:tanoeID !:IS aiU. .~. would l!lliJeref:O.re ~~~e ~o wisl:! tile (;ollJ'fe'fCll!ce gmt success, Agoin •. ~ wiSh to expross my deep ,!I~fl"Cdgti.o:~ (ORjHl Inlerl1a[~G[Jru Rice Reseruich m!l!.18utJUte, Thia.lhmd R~ce Rese~,c!h J!1I~lihU>e and all ~o'p~e: who ib:3J\!\fl :!liII!.ldC ~i:s wnferellice [lOSSiibi£.

Now, let me b~ve lh,~ plet.a1snre~o ,(jeelarc ()[l~!:l tJ~e 1!:1l'eroa:tioll1li!1] CO:lflfe:rc,flI,6e en (~Cum:f!t Stal~$ and fl!;!W~'G DWf>ectkmsof Rke.Rel:ated T:rrulllii[l~ P:ro!iffillrlS in ,A:s~a".

Thaln'k }i'm.

0..£ .• Praseet Si:U:isuang .Di_recto.r, Rice Research Instj~!!!!le Ban gkok. ThaUand

On behalf of the 'filai.1:and lUce Researt:b Inst:jl~u;le, I WGu'ld Hke ~o we.1l;:Q:Il:u::,you, to (Iiliis, T:mlemationa1.1'r,:!;rn,ilng Co!l;f~'m'll(~. We .De 'V~p~eMedro OO.S:pOflSCt Ilhiis\'\eq DpOiITl~ruU. oODf:ef\lIlCewilh K5iSe:1lSatt Unlv,c,rsityamtW tie rf.l~t;lmatiQ:na,l lUce ReseafcbJ lM'~'lllile. 'f!beQ~ .. i2iers of this coo(eooflice ~i)il\f): d:e"elQped~.very ~[I~~$ and ret~vpt.~~ogfaro. ~d I ~ s~re:lh;'lt ~Y'0IJ -w~~~be cbalJ.eflged'y me acliv~tllies d:u~in,g me ~eXl fI@ur d~y.s.'Ibis week wiU 'be a time [.0' shm kIeas, su:s~es,tkm8, in:hOll:gMI'lS, at'ldo(mcem~, 3JDOllu:ice··re1at.ed trni:nltig pro'gFamsillli),\our counU'y .,Your ef'fom aIlId !c.()m~lbl,;ll1Qn$. dl!l:n!ogllhis cO{ll,fecre11lce w~WW u]tin'aaro.ely 'beW!ef:i;[ sc~e:rnjsts im yml:r naJij,Q:nai p~ogramwbi~e we, teg,eih1er, leam mQ.reablJut rice-rela!led I:(,alluil;!g .: acthrme8 ~n Asia.

!""!()Ill~~ ~ike ~o' I~anik Ka:se~ns:i'IiI1. Uniive:rs~t:Yt10r a:g,ree:mg '1.0 S(lrv:c as 'Ila~ VCD!l(lo .fiarlh,i:s ililil'CmaltiQ{nru: oOflferCIl~ t\lJiIldi .~. ~ope,eacl~oil'you will. tU.t",ea.,pl:eas.m~ ruldrewru:diiflg,experiil!l1I!oo dmi~g the week.

l100k ]igrwaril lQa fninfI,lJ@l,Itcom.e QC'YQIU di;sca(lssiOJl. Thank Y0I;I a;J:I[I best wisbes.

Trainlnq Proqrarns ot the Banqladesh Hice !Re'saarc:h Institute: Current Status

and Future Directlons

~Oflief .scientific Officer a:nd Head" TriiJ'ining Division, Bangtades/l' Ric.eR'esrea'lcfJ .ltl'Stitu.(f,l, Ga:zipur1701, Bangladesh

Bal1g~ad'ij:sh Rice R!l'!se~r<;,," rn~liW~i1l (BRR~) w.a$ '~tSl:aIbI~$lled [1111970 as a semi,·aulo~OmOY$'i govemmen;l. orgi.1linization w'llh Il'I,e mlElfldate of de\ielop'in,g,!e'sl:~ng,e:nd tr,OIJCisl'erring m.od,em rL'09 techJ'lo~ogy irl Bal'lglades.h .lh@ I ns.talu,te'r:; 1r<ilJ!l'Iing !p,rQ9n'1m

b@gal1 ~!'!I, ~97.t .'

Ini~l..iJ;ly, l~icei~'iil'Sed '~r,OIrl'l!ili'l.gcou rses We ne2 We ekslll'li dIU raliol'l. E'V!Ii!WiItualllly, C1o~rs,~S wtllreirli1 creased to S weeks. hom recommendations ~I particijpa.rlts who, We~e mo::;t~ hQmlh~ DE!;pa,rtm~nl of AgnC::ilIUural iEXlren,sion (IJAE),.

As Ule:r~ w.er$ ~ppNlxima!~ie~y '1 SiOO:Q exteMiolll of'liiola,1:s; .a,n.dllelld'$ workelF$ aS$od.ated wi~h ID.AE, ilwEis 1!il,Qt pos,$ible,to,r SIR AI 110 ua~l'lthem aJlllwitl1!r'l1i <liFceo~S'Ofl albl:!:! p:arr,od oJ time. Th'!;H~h~r'E!,. a "1trOil~ni!19 ~Oirtral!le r~t prognam was i!i1 itiated ~rI 1976 wl~h tlh'BElimt'O pmd,u,ce <'I "1ml.lllip Iielr ,sUeer . This pn)9~am WSiS a ·4"ilmlonth fUca Production Specrall~1 Triilinil'l91 tRPS:T~ Course.

ObJe,cti'V'es Qfthe Tta~n~fiI 9 PrO:Qlli'am

A!~. llrnle OOfliirp]C lio~ o;fl:he' '~-fI1IQl1itlI11[PS'T COI:I~se, l;l~ci~~l1IiUi were e)Cpec~ed m~

.. reoogn~z.e a:n.dilpplyimportru1~ OO[u:epLS of rice ",C;ien.ce;.

.ident~fy amlS()rlve field problems 'ohiG(!.

,~ dcvelo,p !,!;ud eXieCIJI~e e:ucrn:sio:n p"ogr:mSin r~oe~

• oO[l(l[lc'l s'Cierrni flcaJly desi,grled a&iipli ve. lIe,se1ll;C~ ii" rice l~:oadj IJISll me ~I'iC"'agc of prncUcesroioc-ai (lOntlilk~f!s.

• lpl;iln, o]'g~l:Ii.z~. ~md 'cQlndum rice prodllc~i.Qn tta'inin:g,.

Sim::e i.[s,~[Icepdon. U~e 4~f!l Of! [11 ~PSTco!:l{w became lIw maluand regIJ121il" rea~l!Ire of the BIUl:Itrni llI.i n:g prog~'Ilm. Irnowcve:r.I1lI~;ny ~peciOllll:rainh'!:g oow:seso:!ld~ffer'C!ltsubj,ects IIlld of di r'ere~l dLlrnl[fO!ls. w~re ~ds.o 'Qolld~cl:eda:l ]lRRl These Sipeciai. ,CO,llIrneS we~e ge!1e~a]ly OO!'ldl.lcrt~ OtlltlQjues( :Jlild wiLl~ .av~ labUMlt 0 f fMOds from mujO:rI\';!ru{:umema:~k1r!~ ,orgalni:mtloJJlS.

Th~ 4·m<r~.u~ RI?ST ~,ecel~Uy ~$ beenmedified to a. 3'TlilOl'lm Ri}ce :p~'OOruCt~on ir.;ru!aing (Rrn COl!!rge:.'f~lis c:bi.BJllge w~srnulde becsuse the reciplen:l o:rgal!izlltioa:'ls d id no~, fuUl U Oi!1<e obj ee uve .albove;, i,e .• w' develop and inl:pkm(ln~ Lheiii own rice prMIJI::lionlt<li.l'ling pwgnuns;. -fOfl;CCOJI.lp] ish me phj,eclivlL:of "lw,iiJU.i!'lS tl1Je!r.ti!~cr.!>". [)ruIl.icipmm; were g:hl'~'n lhe ~pon sibHiity 1[0 p~'mt, orgllllize, <lind ClJrndu:ct a 3" week rice pn:nc]w:;Lioficoursc as a pan of tnelr QW~ tta1l)~nIl

e:te~eise. Ilhis "'lntilLliog wi:lhin Inlnkl.!C' bowever bas !l!OW oocn ~[ifl1l~na:tl)dJ and l[heCQ~rse dJl.lrntiO!!1fi~uce(l rD,yl DliOlln:h,.

'r~~ro Wa5 '!he addiiti(walprobJem of m~sshl'e, a'l;ls(el'lilioll loy pMicipan~ dll'nihg liIe 3~\I,'ee'k poniJ(in 'of ~e eoorse (g~l]ernJ:~y ggstrQOt ~cvell eXI:erni$ruonwo:rll;~). 'mey freq:ueady expres:sed their e;t;pecI:a!Uo!~ ~Of,ecei Vie nilil'iing flmm the SImI scie:l!ilists, and ~O!l; from thosc:a!p[ptre]lti.o~ wbo weil"e utki!'ll,g the 4!.~monlt.b RPSl'.,

IlocatiilOn IOf R;,ce or Rw,ce-Fi:el'atedlTli'aining iin the' St!fu:ct:U:li',e' Qf:lne Natioli1l,a~A,gll'lj'culittJIr.af

~~Sleiall'c:hSys:tel:il1 (NA AS) -

The: N31tioln~ A;griculmraW R.eS£'!\I!'~Ifi! Sysl.e:m (NARS) of B ru:!g]a(j)e~tl m.ainly oorn:prise.s.l 0 research ~[ISl:it~lCS limde:r the ~rdi[lalliol'l afLile :Ban:gl a desh A;g,ric1LI1(urW. R:e~e@1C~C'o~IlJCn ,(BARC). FiveaJL'e, mOin:oc~op 0.1' :sil'llg~!e, di.sci:pl.iin,e hiSli lJu~ andl.he remalllJi(leiidea1 w ilnih. multi~!1e Cro;~5, ~!13jI1l'LS, Oil" 1Ln~m!a]8. 11l~ SI:fflC:LU;~ of I~C BWlgbd~sch! NARS wiltilil me ,oompo[!e[l~ reserucb lIl.1>ti:lU:teS is shown ill FiglJll re L

1-1 ei!,!lllJl!!~1iI 'R~ RQ!5Iil~nI !nsUL'IIr.!l (MAl), :1

-I IBangJ:I.~rn .llle, Fliase'liilim li'I$llIiiJit.B ~n~ ~

H IElailgl.ilOO5:m T,Ila. R_':lIfoo I~'~ule (BlR!)

H

Flg:u.!~l!. t4:~llIiolnotl A!lIr~lc:l!JnU~:l1 f!rrl.SI!}.\lifcUi! System (r:.I',A~S): IQ.~ 8omg:nade<~h.

Mmt of ~ese reseaJ:idl i:nstUutcs M\le 'Illieit SPCctl'lc ltaini!1gmarndaW~ tbus, ri.oe'·[:· Waled uall!lin8 is '~d~cSivdy 'cOillduc~ed ~l BRRI under a :projecI eolided, "'Rice Re.'leM"~h 3iIIId TI',:UD'ill,g". The IfiSliWlt~ bas :30 d:iv~iooi!i ;ood sections I.lfidc"i!' tb~ DireGto['. R,eSCMl}h and Direetae, Admjl11Strat~on and CODmlloIlse;rv:ilces.

BRR1'st!c:adqtla;rl.Crs, is ,a,t IOUip~:rbul it bas -; S~i;loins ~ocared at: ~,aris;ll.;B,~angli; rC'o:millaJ,. H~bi.g:!Wj. Rajslilllll:i. ,RMgpor' ;wd SOJllaiF':azi. A Borurd of GOlfemon; tias [un res~xlI:U:tbi lily ['Of me JfisltilUUeand w~ks willbin the frmnework ()(policy diir~ctiv~ iSSTlilcd fmmlll:e Govemment, The Dic,ecto:r General ls (heexecllni ve lIead ofUle In ~,ti'l1iI'reand f!!lDcticms 0[1 belilalf of !he 'Bo.an1, of Go'Vemors. An organogrmn or ORR] is sboWIJI in :Eig;1l1l': 2. The T:rail'l~I:lS Divisio[! ~s re:s$iO:ns~b~e !for eanryillg ollJt:a1UfltiIDng activities ILIllIdertalen by theI:ilsLiLllliEt

Re'souroE=S AvailalJl:e for Irai'ning

O!!!ncndy URR[ I!Iias: alot.'1J QIl2JO sc:ielllwu ofwhicb 4 am 1111 the Tmiinil'lg Oiv.isiOill.. Two WI- ve PIilDs Wili!I 2 have MS, de:g~e:lii. _ The S>1!I,port ttail:lj~g. ,s:wJf inehldes I S ['cnot.ylP~sl:, 1. CIMS Room .All!endaiDl:, and '] SCi.etlltiliic A ssistam. The T:nd:n:w.g D'i'\! is~on 0PCiiIUes as·a ,coonUrUU:i.IlJ,gbQdy !IbM prnaJ.IS. 'or,ganffizell;, 3M c01idru::ts v:u:~!)US 'ITai f1i~g CO/urnes :forBRRt Reseueee s[lelikers ar~ g en,e,mHyl3'R R.J seient ius btu ,ocC'asjrnl~Uy are ro1filc·s.ted frmn oUlmside.

PJiJ.ysicaJ fadlUles used f(}:rlrdiniJll!; aJie Z classmoms, 2 dorntHories, wiU~a. ca;pacil.y of 120 beds •. aliJ!j sC\liem.'l office I'QOms. Auditoriums, Ubm:ry I farm ~and. ttansport,. elc .. , are shared es commolillfa,ciliti<es.

I IDirector Generall

I [

IDireoclIOr (Resew-clh) -~ DI'rllsion'!iil6eclbns 1 I

II

I DirG<clor (Admini<Sti:\8,'IlollII I ,&_ COIIl'lfllltll1l. SEll"I!\rC(l~'~,

Ge!!e!lefte~~ & 8ofM11

BIOgeQeii!:

E"'li:lilea~I1«I'

[Rice Farming $)'~lents -

Enlfil'fiDlOgy PatllaID!1I

Farm, iM!.'IcillIlE!l}I 0\ POiSl·M .... e!O\ TElmnoloiW

WOrbhop' ~UliBi)!& MalnlarnlJ!lw

Agriooltwrnl ~C!fiDn1Jc;;;,

IigIbIili,rnal :StrulsUc:s

,graIn, QilaJny &NliIlliflloo .

!rrfgilt1Gn &. wa!(!'! MMa,(Ieillmlt

I

IiidI'iWIlS1mUon Oorm~orl ,:

SKUrily 'fmnspcm GE!Q~I1II·SlOll'e f'I'QCidm'fiMltl

AoO()~1ile amlil Flrnansa' Aur:I~Cd

U:ml.lY

~blltUllD", Mel PliIbIiI:

Relations

Buli:lll1g,lLJIId Con~!\!etEQ~

Kabl~] Raj;!lllllhi

l,

I

Tile. blrud.~~t I1ieeJCIDed for !be llliadonaiI pliogram is .lPirovidfi~ by '!,he l!anglla(J~bG(lrv~.r.Ml~lllit,Da:i]Y~X~l1"d~r~cl!;!in:;lWtI!y 1i'I:cel(!i~d :fora ",ingLe uamee MeTk" ,60 .. 00 for food. and 1l~ SO.OO f:orlwaiffilitnlg !l!I]Qwmce. AQc:omm.ooau.Q1li ispoovid:ed. free •. (:'OSts fO:l'S:l~lilTr!e1)' g,OO<I!s" ~polft"field mps,. etc: per; ~~Ili .~r day is abOl:lt 'lit',. mOJIDi. FOifl!l. 3.im.oiUl'~, rim pfO!d1!],otkiR oo!ll1Se, a toWam:ollf!tom:. mO.8iOllOl)(Equivare!l!i te,·S 270J)(li) ~S n~~>d:ed. f:@["Q:!lielPooJd.pamI.t De bgd.gG~ a;Uoued, dCi~mdso:n tbelrliU1l:ber of ~inees lnol"le OOi~.

IDesc'rip,tion of Jrai:nfng Activities

'!ElRR1,co!!!diUcuoolb fegy]a:r;;m.dspec:iru a:wHing, OOIl:r:s:U. Tile, W,getaH(llenoe'()fregu~IIlf,riOO.prod~otiolf!c(l!!'!ws, ~ of:f:ici~~ Q$l)oci,al:c;ld Wi(JiI G:xtl'll'lsicm om(l '.l'eSearctll acliviue8. l'bes, ,per.8(liIililille~ from weD',AE ~d ll:EtRI its>e~f are tbemajof [(!;CD'p~elu orgm!~~~ti~al1s. ofl1Jii:s amnil:l£. However. [pOOic,i,ru]1I'l from otll.er O'r1!Mi:zal~cms ~.aloo ~CQ~P~g>d!. Fi.ekll le,ve~ exttns~of! ru:u:l resear~h wod,ems, and .famu'ltli <3ife u'l'!.i:n~d in slm:riUer 'GOlJrOOS CO:l'HJllJICIedOOI.h o:!If·~d ()!ff·caal~ryS.

To dare BlUUh~tr;,;I!if.led a ~olill of 7.7'57 p3!fUd.PiUlts f~om 37 different orgMiza:!:lQns, at bomeaml albroad i~ 23,:; CQYilll~ v,~~!1gm: d1i.!ro.liQIlI :from 1 day to 9l:1tOtll:bs (TaMe 1),.

Mosl!: o,l'lile ttalinilflg ~c[i""ilies .ru:~ c~,ed O'lll lIiII the: main camrll.softl:m~':II!~ti~une. T.llilfl.II.1lmoon)fpatil'jcipanl!S aocel:Ued ill, a U'~fdng ecuese ge;ll!er~d~yv:arl~rrom 20-30'. but de~\l':ia~ioilll:5 mar .freque~'tly occur,

The!MIa~f1 fbelllS ,of BR~U lraIDl:liflg is ,[1[1 modern liilce prodlu:ctiom! te(';hf!o~o8Y. llinspeciru eeueses in rel.a~~dficldls .~ abo GClln.dru,';:l£rl, .Bol11,I:I:I!:!:{JI1)' and :prac!~ice are e:mp.haS;i,1ied wHh app~(lx]miiueiy l:lalr '~eni,nln,~ time Spelll QIl p~aclJlC!!l workru:ld the o[her 1:1,11 fllsed forclassrcam ~;ecl11l re.disc'III$sion.

Tabae ~.'~alrnll'iilgC,gl.!~i ICgl1!d"ll!c'l~d ;Jjt lU:lfRlr,~m ,Ji\l!In8 1974 b:l ,j!Iu~y 1991:l1.

SL V~luntll'~o!llr:'!!iI! 1Nl!.

CilH,:i~!~ l[njrltlon

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TIUilliiadl

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or.i.'itt:)'IR;iii)1#~ ,~fI~, ~i{~~fIl ~ilIIiII (WAI'iD'1t)

~: ~eProd~Ci1 Spe~al'iS' • I1'IIM.II1!l ~~.Tr:;IqlRlP,sr~

[e~el'lS'l:!fl ~fWI otrllllall!,

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Systtrm 8o\l1l~
l"'T~ :liM 11'fir CoU,albor:at:~Oln ,or 1IIIi'IIVO~ Yyem,en:t Wi1th other NA,FI.S II:nsUtutes and IliA RiC s

BRruba$ strong lliiIkages with IDRRIfmd (he l)c!l]."~~l of A!1.Ti,c~lnll~ E:Mwnsio:n of :Sa[lgllm.'lesl:l., Ufilkages, wilh o'L!I!!e:r ~,AR.C:s ~ no~rerntui:_:;Jjbl,e. Uke II1liamlj!' 'oLhLl:~ ~atftcm~ eice resea.rcb~!'ls:ti.~I!:L.es.P:RRJ! bubeef.lgeuilil,g a:ssisumce from mRI slcleil~istsa/II:d two ~ave wod·~ed f'Or Illhc: BRlU training proa;ramil1lllh:cpast.. Marny BruU 8,clefillins,]fllc:11uding die uaiin~ns staff,. ba\1le recelved bQm deg;ree <lind n01n.de,gc~e ~mim,g, ~tJRJU. IDRRlhas pr-Qvided m:u;cllma:redalli S'l1lppOfl: ~o .BRRI i,~em'Ji8 'of 1!cfHtphl.s_lnl, e~uifme.ptand pl)brn~c:a:licms,. Copi'li:s ,@f a Rioo Prod"n!ctioJil M1lffiIIllIal and sets OIfsli(]e;·sm.m,() s),lilctiroil1i,ilOO [[mlill~:I:!moo;u!les <"lind [womor\li,@fil!~ls pl"O'vilrffi~d byntlU ~,ave: ~nlofgrcMbc:.l:p w In:heBRF!:N nilning~iOOg~.

.Apan from ~~S OWWl,U<'Jin~tlg~r()tgram. ]B RRI ~]SiO ooll~boEaJ!:es w~tb 'Qtbet na~UOJD:arn or!<IIi}[~lWI'lS:,parti!clJ]ilr]Y Ilhie :B Pigiadesb .A.gri.cu~m(al Rese.al!'iCllil GOI:I~cil. ~!l jQruntly cOili1i:1lJctiing specsi311lt1ti~~ng OOI!l1!iSCS, '~d~15 from differc:n~ NKRStrlsti'lijreS 1m,(I olil-u ofgan i7:atl0a1S,. e.g. ,B~ngladcsh A,gri;ciJi]IJ[.IJIilIl. :Dey,elopmcrmt Corpomtion (0 ADC}, B.AlAgiadesh

Waller Deve~Q'pn1l.e]tl E:oru:d (EfW.I)B),anCi NGOs,are M):llle~lim,es providled u:alirlil1g oppo:rwoitiles at BRIll'.

Tr,ainl'ng IN,eeds Ass9ssm,entand IDe\l',e:~opme:l1~ ,e."r Cotllr5e cUHh::u~lurn

for :regu~ar C(ilJifil~S. tl'a~n~llg JlI.eed~ are derermimeCl by tbe dienleleQrilMliz~~Qm;" aJiI~lhc eouese C'!!I:rri!Cllillll:m ~s devetoped ill! Q@!lSl.llIUlJU@!'i w~th Ulcm. Tr.a]ning needs are also,ldem:ined fromlli,e bencl~mark eV£ll!uaHou f>CQa't;s otp.artkipwlJS .. These pre.traJlTI.ing rests indi:ca;lie- Wh",l thehi;neC'~· aJrclSIdybOiwaJlId WI'l:!'IU lliley IcJ:O IilQ~. On ar~:aveJt;;\ge" 'pf-e·ttruin~ng re.s~: sooresblflve bCe'1ll [(1)0(1 ~@ be QfI~Y a!tlo,ut '25%.

.~Qr special ooU]r'Ses. (lOIiliOf "3elllc'~esgelileDI,IY[l(lll)rv~(JeiW outillJine of lbesubject areas lID be ICOive~d intbeproposoo, ,e01!lm. Syru~afui~s .wd~:r,oS:mn. scl:lC::dJiIDi:c am !:hen deVrClojpcd acoo~di!'lg~y.

Pn:lduc,tWon and Use of liI'aining Matan sla Ha:.ndJoumMe ll;i\t~f! to It~l.icipal!us ~ora]] ~ectll100·di$C'!li;S8i~I1S., Tbese <lire pre~a:red IJ~ lire reseuree SJJe."lkers.md muhipl.ie(l nd d:i:sU:ilnM.ed by me Tmini.ng IDivisiofl. The handou IS u;: 'Il~ted Wbe,f~, ~ClOOSSary.

hi the dassmom" Qlvternead im.d slirl,e projecm~ .are g~r!()mlly i!:Ised. 013]1.;: boa>d f>adUties :~ :a]ioo aV<l;i~oob~e. SI:ides it1!I~ oye[headmms~nc;ies Me p.repru:ed Olipoocl:I~!ed by 11H~res()iureesip-eakers thcJWlselves:. The l'w!Elitnlg D.i vis]on .has a :few seliS.of :s1:idt'Hil;pe l:f'<11inli;~g H'1(1~ules ~at are 'uedCjtli,le fre:qll.erlUy. The prutic~I?ID];!;S ~&how[! a movie: O~ rice prodtlc~cm ~Illh~ be~i~!Eli:n.g Oif' thel'(:~ev~nt OOI,l~st.

M ai orfil'r,ob,I'emls ,andIICIOlns:traliin'~s. ofUme 'ilra~ning IP'rogr811f1

II RRI ,h;as ~f1()pernting weW~.~orga;!l.il..tld U',ai'fI~f1gD!logr.am$ sim:;e ~ 9'7~ en ar~g!1.'IIar b,'lSiis;" lllerlce p:ro~liIcHo:!l COurse liS ij'n. high d~~J~ andi:s appoociamedl fodts quaHlyand IJseJi:J]l:Iess:, II covers a widernq:e ofi ~U:I.IC;IJOlil:a] mpks mp[iov~dea, b~o~d s:peCi!.fil.J!:1 of kiflow[cdgeand I!!nd(lrsltll[ld~ngOI1 modern rice produc'li.ou reclmoJo!y, .. Mld V;IT,iOil!l!!l :m.eo'w, l[liag~otili(; •. an(!ITtLaII,lIl.a! ,s.kills rOir:fI[Jplicationi~~r'odluci!1lg a go~d cro,p tOf rice, S~edOc behaviora:i, objectivM re~uliu~,~ fen: the pru'licip;'l]!l.is m ach~e:",e3:llhle ,elf!d ,of Ule eoerae are ~plidtl.y stared flOf leach ~nSU"ll!tUOfud topic los.erve $&l1lid!~,liJiles.lolJJe l:fai:IUJI~e.s as wein as to 'lle b"ai:!1li!rs.

HaW~\i'icr. the- trai.ningprogmmis.notCree from problem s and OO'l11!!lttailin·l.S. The: following are a fc;lW t1~a:[ we cGl'Isider,ed ~o 'be m3Jjo[ illlllll1llJlr-e:

LQin' 'I} !lI1lmyr[';~df:l,lililg~3i~~!I'~3Is. 13:n:lU does ~a:llhay.e: .awly Spf:lc~~zedi UIIi[ for [be p-m'uc[i:on of ~:niin!g m~u~rlals. As,<li r-estl[t. poo~ q]u,alIity h!mdio~~ a;Uldi ttl,m$pa;l"~nci.es .Me I)fOOIliCed a1ild 1(I:sed.l1~Jldo:u1S ,1iN~, pro~uiced by lIsi~,g, a cycios[y]e n'HlC:iH~e. S oofldlsMll: gcn:e~aUy used !>~ve~ IiIn.es befoll'C frIey ~me- discam.ed..~!l:Jmos~. cases. u:aospruJe~cies ~ ba;nd",,'rH'nel'll and poo!!'])! p!re~d. Theph.oro!l;r.1!Jphic ;sC>Vlce ~s net O~e:~lOO poo:pcrly. I:herefowc. su:ffitienUy goo(lp~ctm-.es. alld sli,die-s are [lim ~vllitablc.

'IrnpiMpl!ro d'll!f"a:U,oill ofthcc!lIu[sc. 'Pre¥']o:us~y, ~e p;trtici~;:Uilil:S were ~ilJPPG$ed to g!i'OW :l!tcropofrice by l.hc!J:I:se[ves; ~d oOf!d'~ct~vcwail ,a.{bpli,y.e, researCh, triE,. B [I( the durntio,liI ,of3, o:r,~,mOiI!!!UlS WM !i!oi['sufnc~e!1t ~~"~~vc.r ~.ftlU oro:p"cyde-. A ~on:ll:er d:~rnlh:Ul OOUllrl not be j:uSli.f'iCl~ ,tl!Uie to fil!lancial ~~mH.Il!l:iO!H.$.

_ W'i'm Um ~;I\CS~l p.illce oflU"a:iini;ng •. BRRI can condl1lct em,ly 2·],nceproc'lw::lio~ courses per :ye~. l1t!1.!S"in Qnc )!leu. 70·100 partki,pantt> can be <1Icceprodatldlrnined.U'llie si,tumionOOflMllt'!S ~~Chflilllll,cd, iii w~]] take a1lnlQSt a~llmcr of <JJaelil~ulJ)l ~o train the oJfi,c~als ofDAE alome. Wfa~t:;JjbQotolhcil: g,o\~nUIilen~ ~ud ~.QIlIi~govemme;nl org;m:l~ZaliOl:'ls? 'They also, dCfiiH'Jnd mmJ U'~li!li:~g. J~ll1M CillJle. how am tbiS~[lillg d~maJ"ld~m fulfHled? The only a..1:J.~!Nefisoolf~si!lJlI~ng l:Ile ecorse wi1tJlla shO:Mf' d~!i;l;liQliI.

~qll.e:lilitchanG,es:l1l Ulepl'\Og!:'~11ll8c!~edulje. Compre~e; O1pru1Ua] p:ro'!Jr.1lm sc,hed~I!.lS.are ge:nera]]yprnp2limd in ad vsnee. But it becomes necessary (0 make fooqu~J!,t changes iR the pmglrmD (,h!l~ to rlo:I'HI.W1ibb.ili,uy ·o:f reSQU[\CCi s"peakers olfl ochedll:led dl~l!$ al'!d IitllCS. For ffl1i['IJ~em;;iv~hi.nhllg OO!;lfSe:. ~impc~m~~n~Cl:IJam::c oflhc-:p.mgrd!m schedllJ~leis v,e" impOr!a:!l't. cspccia.l]y w~ero .ilis sym:::hm~j~Gd with c:~p gmwUl.

~lIIieifnd!!\Il,t [,~I!lIt!lICC.~p~Ii'Sl0iI'l:S. 'Resource: s~aken; we nomi'n;illi~ed by '!l!Je~r D:i'l,i'is~o~HelMl:sb,):l.!lGr~e~l lllex.pc.rie:lloed a:nd i!'leffk~cru resouroe poer,sons me selec!t.M. :~nd (heir [lCiirOirmanceiill [heda's~room ~s !lcu$ati.sfac~ory. The argu!Ttclu infavOfQf Lh~i~ s,e]cctl!O"flisIDR( they should be, pm,'!,I',ided !:he OPipDl'ttll]i,(y 'lo de w:~o:p' ~ermsec1lros"

S!I~o.!i't:lge' ~f m:lJnp(r'l"'~I:'.The Trl'li,ll~ngDi,vis,ion :Ia.c!k.s slllfflciemm3J1pQwe'f ·'·p~tictl]~illy the: ~eclnln,ilcia:nl$ lQ :h<llld~c ;)Ijlldio~v~sual eql:.l ipmc:n~ pllil(]~t.o"copi!er.llnj(] cyclosty~.e n'u~.chi:l'!e. Sr;(;retflf~a! secrv'ioesa~ii@ ~re ~U)l wp los[rnl.Clard; e ;8;., we, sc~[~e Qi[ a sl ngl/(') :M.en.Olypi.$1[ is .-;Ila:red w~th tmm1~e( dhih,iofl.

L;lick~f;J diL-:;phlfl}l ~r exlhlilbh rooll~. Since ~Ihe p,rn1ic~p,.nl'S $!I.'l re'(J:lJJliH:ld u) be aMe lO identify di frere~t specirr!e~l:S of insects al1d diseases withIn a sl:mI'1t :period of lim!c,il is be:uer ~o p~are those: ill n di:s~lay mom. SiO ~afi:jCi~Mts can observe and smdy tlJe specimen!\; as and w~~n U~.ey WlUlt .R~pca~.cd obs~n.rfltiom;; lreilllfnroo ]eam.il'l,g~l:mwe\l'er, BRRI [loe:s ll:Qt bave :lll1:c~ raei I il1!e-s.

taci!!: ~f tli'alnll~c !l!tiIU'lI~UIOtl. 'fm:iniWl!l i!'i not~e; C:!:ld, bUlt 'tJ~!!l: nU::~tfl5 'ID an ~11~t The overaill:~! cfCObti'll'enCll:S of a 1rlli!ll:'IJi.ng ,progrw."l1lfi~!llllim.,uely dC/pende" ~ Olfl bown:lle ~I'!OO& lui ~ i :reitil1 their own. ,orgrmi:l:.'1ILio!ls. Tndn,ing for l:Catning's sale i~ a w<'Ili!le ofm.O!!1cy a:od efron.

BRRIrioL'l lmod~cliotllll!ai:i!I.h~.gisnot ~til i'oodprope~ly ,. ne sUl~cd gC'",crru Qbjc>cti¥~s cannot be :[uIUy achieved! by me I"CJC]j;'liicn( o:r:gllJn[za~ions. The pOOil' utiliz.'ltioo@u Inuni~g ts 3u.r.i:buliI!bl.c 1[0 ~e fac( l!illlat orpni;z3!lI'OI'l1a] fl,l,UICUOIlS aJIId ]o:b aSl8~gUilll'!.lent." o['ijlJC paJ0Mici:p<lI'Its;ru;e f10~i!H fun OO.liIfOtlIlity wid~ the mJl"ainillllg o!bjedives,. Thepa;rl:j]ciP8ll11:S ,8[1e, devc~,apBd pri.'!WI:ari~,y ;3;S,tI"al:I]H::.S ~n flee p.:rOOuictJ'QI1.B ut Uj'e!!e arena sueh trnirfling,pl!ogrruns in lb~g;Uc]udc or~;miZ8ti,o[ls.Th)esame ]S t~ilile with ada:p~i ve research f~)i( loci1!i~ ve;rificIIIII.Olll of lec~ nQ~ogies.. The cl\wf>li~g orh:IlI[IUaQU of the ex~ensiQ[I service. is liIot oolldllclVC 10 run utilizE.liot! ~rBRJU ~a,i!li!lg.

An~w,eiipiated and .Needed Ct:1:an'g!e'sin !~hje! Tra:in~ng Program Ov~r ttlle INlex~. 5 'ear:s

The ~glJl:ar rl(,i~ p;roo:llcUo:n: U'a~ni:llligproig:ram 'W~n. 00 redes~gneda!ild ~ts oll!rnti:on will be ~I.l:cedi. T.h:re:ernonms IS considered ~o be q:liI.il.e [oog fio~'i:l:!i·iQijYfltnJiy n:in.lmlg oni!! :sj~;g'e cro:p. S[ucelhere, i~, 1W <'Ida,tiver-e-S.eaKJil. Pf9,Qdm :in iMIle ~Wie[lteleQrganiZla!tkms,I!l''01iilninJg I['me spent [tlrmat PYfPO:.~~ may be gr-ea:lly redll,ced d:!!IrlngUile ,Course .. Ste:reQ[ypic held practices SiS me.remeahanlicarelioutinCiS 0:1" just Ula:nll:;j laiboil",. ro;lherl1ml"las tI~f~1 ana [asling ~dlJci1!tto!'lal,e;xf¢tieThoes;. wiU be avoidied.. LOll! disttlfloe fie~d !lips, f01ll severa] days w~ruil also !be d.im;ina!1:ed,. De couese can dli1ch~iIldy oored~~d ~.Q :;. weeks 0'l].1y. A WJtm]X)SalllO Illis e:f:IJeC:l j8~O be. stlb.~ned ro me tlcx(:BRRlBaru'd, ofUiove.mo:rs m.eeting [rOlf tbelJlooes~a:rr]l' Itp,rovail. .

BIUU ,bru; a plan to (}smtili:s~, a f~Uy·:nedged~ni!'lg complex ba;viillgaU Wleul~8azy P:b,ysicall :faciJillies. fblr.bandlin:g it m81l'ger\l'ollllilille:o:ftim,1lli~l1IlgactiviLh~s, The InSi~i!~Ii!:Ii~ils loo~:in_g for a!sl,lIi:table dOlnlorro' s~lp[lort. (h.ep]~. S!Jcch a.l:ruiil~ingce,"!tter w~til e);]l'31Jic]ed manpower also, will. ell!alblel!RIU to .~omlm::il, ~rull~n!g(or fie/Iii e;.!,~e!lslm:l agell!ll:ti; and far:m~rs" COfldll.!Clil1:1l more .intelltationa:l rolllrses wi II also be pOss~b~e.. .

:Our:u[lg th~m~)1t .5 ycars"lnIi.rlJi.l~gpl1og~sm3l_Y be IJnde~e[l by J oflh:e 7 E3R,RI RegiO:lII.f111l1 SUll~~ms ,(br field e';'le-!!lsh:m WQd~~fS ~dfann~s 01£ Ill!e respC:C,ti,v,e reg[ons.,

The Jill ~mut.e ~s se1'IDollsly ~inki.ng of pmdll;u;:ing qllali'[lI' t~hing ma:oorla]s. Fo.r this pl.!!rpose, a. ~~dlJllClIDon ~Wli~wiU i:le,org.[zed wi;ill re(tuishemanpOweromd1lleoessaryharo:w3iIle and ~ofl:ware. An el(Mbi~ room, w~U 00 set ~~! ;Mild aJI ~de]lHfiable sa..mples will be .ke;p'l'o!'l displJay for !he Iiiillru:l.e~ and v]sHors,

MUiC~C! or tnese wm, ]~,owe:v'er, dlepemli 01"1 me w:iUin8!11C'.ss a:ndOlPPl!ova! ofl!tJe govemm.em.omd pliGvi,s~ol:l ofl.he mece.sS$iry 1o:l!!d;g;et. TIle !1C:X'U 5~y,eru-sc.hlCrnc: (l993~98) h~ arureodli'bce:!1 slJ:bm~n;ed m,lhegoVlC{mm~mt De lnls~wte islQo~dng 1'~f\Va;W lO a ray{lrn~!e ~!P():I'!S(); ti![!d w:in DU!J~e m~ d~sired ch:~nge£ii:", the traIDn~l1g pWglill!lll, ~. S(lCEIll as po~ilb~~.

mJJs.cWlss.ion Qf IBlRFU (B:almlgl'a:clestl), P'r·es:entath:m .

M.aii~eililY::

Ja:m~iCll:

S~llgb:

How lmge is ~niliIe ded~ca~ed trainiilillg staff? Four.

PClJ:ha:ps, yOy ShOll Id b~vc a mechaaism olf eVlI]ualicm, to ge'l(eecl!bllck.

We hav,e so :r~ii d()l1I.;l 3 tra InJ m,l"l ~m P~C[ ~v:Blualilolll~. We t[ou ndo'lll~. I:b:a l tr,lIin i~g b()w~ed8~ aiIld sldUs ha!\~!M)[ ~~n uLlti2)cd. l':r~ve you dOlleJil{l,lit ll'<!linlin:g ~clti'lliUes ol1lerman :ni~il!lg evalumi.ocn;~?

Nonie.

WbaJ~ w:as thll: ro:l.1.SQ"llJ fo.!" not !.lich~ev:imI8 tlle muhipl.i,er eliTec~.?

lbo&.:; tmi'l1oo <Udno[.o!!'gani'2lc:(heirow:n). tn'!(iln:ing. Dey relied bea.vi1y oiIlBW,U 10 CO:~l(t!JJC[I)e: ~in~flg.

J:am.eeh l\"[ .. t!I~e'!ly'

IDlwaklllll:'~ (0)11011 gel M:SruSI.aiJ];C~ fJlom. ~memalion!1l] centers ~fI diel!el.opl~g yo:t!l!r~~t!'lg?

. .iJl3m~el:: As falfU .I[!RIU ]5 OO[lCC:mliledi. it bas Je:oeivetill s~:ppon:. :r~ornm:n.r.

[Uw.a:bn 'Om yOlll or'gatli,ze IniJ!iilll.Q. wiUlioUitassismnce lFro:m, IAR!C-s?

,Jameei: Yes butH.i(ll good <i!uality. We:dobeil!~:ef ~nai~g willllSs;iSi:a!'!CJe ff'om :~ARCs.

The Current Status and Future Directions ot Blce-Belated Tralninq Proqrarns ln Cambodia

Chin Chha.rom~

CWTralnlng OoOldJ'natof, Oamixxiia·JRRl Australia Pro/eel Training Team

Ag)l':lcui~lllire ,\s the :m,ajor cQntributoll' [,0 the economic sector' ~I'I Camil'loo:i:l!l, wilh ~~['lo['ts :i.nc~ud~l:I~ rU'bbC1i. dm~er" 'rn;aj.ze" soy'bean" sesame, Bm:! [Ob[lCCQ ..

Howe'V(lr:, rlce d.o.m i nates agricuhurein teITl1s of tbe number of people ,employed illl culli v,m:ion. die area :cltOwn. a:l1Id \roliJmiii ofprloduction. AC;oCOliding to statistics Qflhe Mini,s,liry of AgricllIlture, 90% of the Cambodian popll1ano!] m~e Us ]:i\I i'll:g from a:gricuUyre and a comparison ef the: area pla[l~ed to crops, for 1.990 snow " ma!l, 8:9% wasplruued to rice.

PriM t.o' 1969', C~bodi3 was I3i net rice ex:po;lil.er wim annual expofitiS pe.aldng, .n 500J~OO l,cm:s. Since lhe WM~ :oowe~f. tbe~e b~, bool) a d:efldtiu ~;JjDd!lJIcLiiOl'I.

The euere I'll (;1.1 Ui" aied we lS~aSOQ rice: area h appfOil;, imaldy 1.6 mU~hll1 :uec'l.aires (!hal. 1".h is COl'fip<l:Ji'eoS w:itli 2.5 min~on .!iii grown in 1967. 'Thererore thJe no;m,!Jlililed capa:city of rice land is ;arou~d 900,000 ha wi Iholl l io'cMHng odler ru\eaSID1il ,could be redrumed for rice :prodl.!,edo!l.

The Cambodil!!.,mRI Al.Isttal'ia Pmjec(, (CilAP) acl~dresses strn:l.Cigie-s for ilicreasi.!'Ig lice pr,oollcd011l:.'Ou!plJt growtb I1IliQIiIg;h, area expenskm is Q011SIl'ai ned by shortages oflaii>or amI dra.fit pOWCiIi .•. The ,rojec~ aprr;Qacl~ '1.0 ,OV(lli"CO;JU,e diI~~ C1)]IsLnli I~ts, wiU lay prilln~ily ~n de'\l'e~opi~.a; ap'p[o:pnaleim,p~cmet!Il:s,and the use of labor ruulpower,·cfficicnt syS'lems...

Initially. theW!i.joiicUottohbc,plloj,Ctitwru; 00 ioc:I'cmm,g, prod:lIcli''I.I':hy of the euaem rice Iflild 'I:Iirough deve::Jtlpmc!u of m'ore protllliCthrc varleLi'es..improvcd seed, more effldenl uae ,ofi:lldii.gC'Il!OlllS and imponoo fertiUzcJ!'S,beuer Cloppi.ng syste:ms, ,and i:llIlll"Qved. w,ater an(l. pe 'I, OOfillol tech.n~CJJlIes. l'bese; impllOvements 110 the pnl:Sl(lnt system require a well designed and oonducted pmg;rrun or research and, lraini.Ilfg. It is to this 'eJlIId Ilmt the ClAP' is directed" .Specif1collly. I.lle ,projecl, is designed 1:0 i.m,pfoViC: Ill:: caffi1abi I i[y orCaml:mdiWI, sciend S'IS lO rondl!&ct resemron and help ra,c~nt.~b;:, erre'Cl~ Vie' d~ssemiJ~lkll:l of Uw ru:.5l!1lli.n,gim:I'll'Q!fed u"::lmo'log~es.

Current Status

Training Ob~ectives

O'bjecl..ives of me tr,ainlng ;prO,gram ~c :1.'0 ,assist ~a:in:i~g of eambod:irul ~gricuU.YJr.d s.ciemist:s ruJd te.chni:cian:s 'to a level wll'c.l',e Ule: development 'of improv~d W'ld pr'odl:!ctivCi technologies and dleir adoption by :fa:nnern j saself-sa staining process. A bala)ll~d prQgratn is feqUKIOO. wprovide muiulIut.i irnpil.ot on U~e ,country' s rice productiolil.

Most of me iilil'ogr'C:.5s aCb,icvedin ~;h;.velop~ng OOdl.'liIOlo'SY befof,e 1'975 was ~O&U during: 'Ille recent wflr yeatS i,1lI wbich colleges. researreh, fad.lilies. fl]ld ~oords w~r,e des[fo'Yed...~:Il, ,a.dditio!nr, ,il JIIf3~ ~o;elilla.Q;e oflhe 'nroJ ned! ~3ricunlHnlIsciel:'l~sU eiti:U'!f lJed !.he oounlJ)' Of d:idmllJil sURive the period between 1975 ,iUld 1979.

P.IiOfto H.I7S, tltere was One un~versi.lyof ,ag;ricu'II!lJIl1"e in CanibocUa - Chum'car D!ailJl'Ig. near Phnom Penh. Of the 300 gr:aduiiles ,granted a 'Bacbe:lot of Selenee degree" only 30 are "' .. nown to lruaive:,S:I,!:rvived Ithe war years IiiDd IIlQW WOK w*lb, Ilhe Ministry of' AgriclI]I!Jure. Six of these gl4ldiJilreS WO\I'k ill: l[he DC.p.\l1llncnt .of' Agri.clJh.IJ~e.

Beron; the, waw. there: !;'Y,M ii1~~) 03! Colle.~e of "f~il)pi:cl'il Ag~ic~l(~m affll'i<lI~ed wffilh 'Il'tt Ullli.'!.!'eTS~tl' ofKm~OJilI Cham. Md aCoUeg,eof AgrkuUYf~ offerin,g ,It 3,·y~d:ip:l.om~ {)(lllr1~e at P,riik Leap. near' P~nlom P,ejliJh. Tim fmmer COnei:!e ga.\I'c Itrai:ll.i IilJg :uli i1dlliSmaJ crops w:iI.Ue tile 1.:lUcroowse WMdesiglll:d ItiJ' !fain pmch.!ctionrnihcl.' dum R!Scmh sd~tists.

The Un.i.vcrsity of ASricul~lJrew&! renmned IDe C1mmcar IlllIllrng Agrlcu]:!,\Irnl Institute CC'OJ\W) mid. reopened in '19'8,3 W'ilh the firSt grorj~ate:s in~9,g9'.

Agri:cul~lUf<ll gmdYilte5 tminc·d ifiV.rulOUSsoci:aIDistCClYnlfies also SUlJ'l.~d tn return so the: COOmJl1lI'J it!] 198j' .. A tm;d.of33 tiat'l :rel~ed by OC1.Qoor 1990. 11lcy ba~ ooe~l tralned ~t1 the Soviet UIl.io'lil (ll).Cu~'<1i (S) .. BIl~garia rni Vietnam (5).,31'1d E~t (icnna:n:y 1(2). Omdy '!!hose :fmm. 'IllleUS SR" Cuba. and B'I,dllaria are: colls~dered (oloave quaJ.ifie:..ati:ons 'eq1!li,'\I'a~ent 'to aWestcm.lIIniversity degree, 17 ,or whom il...1e ~8s~gned to ItIle

OmdUa!~~5 :f:ram Clhllmt~D.a1iJ]lg and ilIb~d JUlve been i~~OO~f! the basics: of agricul~l1lI~e b1l1 diD nnt :possess~.esikiUs necessmy~opl!am.all1i:d .SiUpervlse a ~eat,d~ prograID!. D,es!;; sldUs dev,eWop"OIl~Y mtocccmsidieflllbile,eClipDSUlieto ~e P]'llCl:i~ aspeC!E:!l of flie~ld cixperime:n:m(Jiion.

Tberei8 ruiw a serious s:horrnge ore?:: lCillJS:io:n worlter-:s., It wiU 'be many years he:fore :n]levac;m![ ])OS](i:ollst:or eXl'ems~on lJeool~ki<ID:i in I.he:PlJovincg!; c.1li!~ be rilloo.

CUVe<Oi these COIilS,l.rnLllilS" Il<linl!J!g of (mum re~eardilc:rs pd extens~on workers ~c.ed$ urge:11il ,a~[~!uio~ and i~,Ulenffit primHitlof Imle ClAP.

lraJfling Strategy

ThC'SlhLQgy w~io1lJ, I~e projec~ elIl~lQlI's fb~' i:!1IJilrui!Thg lsro c'CItruCe:nl:mteil'llilia:l eflol18· en lIra:i1l'l:in,g msea:OCh and ~e(;lllil:lic:at smft to. OO1~duci~a:nd m<ma~'e :r,ese3lJiCl~ ,e'l!;periime'D!ts, ,M1(1 de'm(liI~S.hti(lR;S"

M(;I],odIs ,empIJO)fe,d fo:!' lfaiininsi~ch](le aegroe and nOilld.eg;roo u~ni:n.g aib[(lad.i]l;.oo~:nll"y tr;S!ining('ilolh inJommal !UnIt:!! f(mII~ (WYliSes), ;i!![IId dccv~ru()p'.ili.g ~d d,i:Sl[ributi~gKffii~ner hmgui!'l:g~ pili;ll.k<U:im~Sil1llld U:a'ini'ngm<lleri,a]s.

The ~,o,c.atii on 0·' Trai n~tn 9 'Oil' :fcIum an IFl:eso,un::,e lle:vet,opl'il1l'e'filt (MIR!)) hliltbe' o'lfgan~.:z:;ath:lf1la~ stru cb.llll'e cd ttile NaJUon,al~ Almlr~cl!l'll1:lJlre IRe sea rch

System (IN.AR:S) ~

'D~ De~~!'!~'@f Ag~C!~IU,l!r(lb!l.SpNf!at!J'res~s]oHUy fi()[ ~Sri,cull~'llI .. atreseaeeh aJ'Idpmd!liIclionin l!!he CO iii IiIltry •. i'1:5 wen as p'la!I'!t pl'iijtccl~@I'I;uadpl1ywsaniU!!ly ,~ettiliftca:tio~. It ~s <1!J:s,Q reJspollsi.b~e for p.ffi'II'iding p.rodlu:c.t1Jo:tl.s:~tiiStics c(lnCeDling maitkll;Jia,l .agric~I.l'l.!:raru iP~@d~cli@n a:nd m~ prep~li.<:m. of mcb,o~Cli reports. andreOOrn.ID!6ndal~0l]JS. row me p.ro!'ri'i~cial iUld ';[istrk[ agricl~h]]re officers.

The De~>el'!t of AgriC1JI~lure admini8~ers. 11 :1)~eaK]] &latIDQlls (5 s~ec'iaJi,zil'lg im r~cy) aJild S rice deve~optn~nt ceruefS. 11 is also iflcnrectly rcs(lKl:1il.s:itl.le :lio(3gnClilhlue stafr WO!!'tilllg on pwvi[!ciaJ!'h~e f;ies~I!!s:t!!!l\X_lUs.. n.u~proYin.ckl1 3lricull~LwmJi re'!iieaflt:b SIlatiQI'liS Me awnimiS1ererlib~Une ~vjnciaJ orfioe but receive: adv.ilCe frof:!tLheMit!lstry oil" AgliclJ~tru~,e '(;o:n.cem~llg tectlllica]ma;~lrn's.

'Tfru:lsfer of ~gri!c~h.uml i~io~Rliolil W,fanlilli:B is!ledual responsibil.ily ,oJ Mm tMIDBp'.arlme[!(. off AgriC1!:!I l1l!Te and! the:

Pto"'~flci<\l Ag;r:!CI:IUUfal Offices.

As alrllned ~grk::ltlh)l!lm1 :p:erSQ'nl~d tt,come :avai];l!b~!e. they . ali'e ,tJijl;Uibutoo by the Mi:lli:s~ ,of P]rull1:ita:s, among v;;u:iou!S dc:pMtm:~I'I'&$ with,in the Ministry 'of Ag,riwUureand d.irooted ~.o work 1111 VruiOll S l)DJ]\o"'~['u:es.

ClAP is the 'a!1~of Il:WJe No~~G~mm!e!u Orgrullizati.on (NGOhh1,lema,t,l0:1iIru: Organizauolil ([o)ilil C:amroodi~. whkhl Slllp['lom Ca!1l!bodiaJ! .agriCillltlll:fe 3if!~ .i:!;. directly lmder ~e iIiImbrel.l,ll.o.flbie Depanmel'U.oif AgriJCldmre. .CIAP activmles Sllipporttec~ni.ca1ag:rh;:~n~i~, ~peci:ally rlce .. re~a:!.Cd sllibjects.

UThdler me Dep~ .. enit .or .AigriiCU]lU(.(: lheJJre are oUlef NGO S~lplP(lil1ed rlce"re]ared nODllde~~elll Wljning" but Ule}' have dif:fere!1!l :l'oc:us.;md objectiyes".

The goru of ClAP is 1.0, I:rai:1:) Cambod.i~ s.c~~mUS:18 to ,co:nd;.:!c1tf,escarcb ,cQrrocUy aJild .b.e:lprad~~tiI~e 'eJ~ecli ve disflem~lli!!ti.onl Qr mereSl1lti:n,gi!lnprovl;l()!!ecb~.t)lo,S;i>e:&. O~ef NOOs UkieCl!DSE, AeR, elc.! bay·edffiffereo[ ta:rg~l :3J!illmel:l~ <lind foci a..!1,d mer ue:m.on:, oonce:m.ed wilh ~aIDls~mfl~, :new tec-hna~ogi:r.sim alr:ic[lhl:!_r~ SybjeiCU directly to [M'mier.s

IAes,o,lLIroe's ,avaHabh! for 'training

Ttle resources 'of C~AIP 1,rainingfe:am

fb!I!lUiin R~IJURlC;S, .J:IlI.ti1,e be'ginnif.lg ,of ttleprojiecLaU lr.iti~i.ng ooUirse:s\.Vlerep[',ovided by me sn$f ,gf ItJhemR~ 'ft"dini:ng, C'entcir. US~ll'Ig ,II. Khrnc:r tnr.amlsl.3!I~.

~in 199'2. mostilll·COUntry Co'u:rSleS weee r,l~ovided by 5 Camoot:UM ~;n.i:l'J!gs;laff. bUI[ badi:smp,i~:s. firo'm me lWU T~rli~g CemeJi' wllS stl:1 :needied.

1I199!J,.of.le o:fijlJr~ainitlg s,t'at'fwa$ .3;&s:ig:ne(llo study n:H~ a P:h,.U. degree .if! the Un~'!Ie_.rs,iilY ofW,estem, S ydfiey. A1!Is~'ia. ancruth*l,r~':lU~~ni.Il,g m.eflilbers of~eLeam. o(!lJi(lucledmes:l of IDe· OOUI!"SeS Wi'l;MIlI.l. OOCkSl~pp[l:lgfmm. mRt

ClJJr,re'llIt1y,.I1J!~ I:,esog[c~ perool!u of~.e ClAP "[mining Te~l i~cI~de 1 ooon:lio.uoJud 3 (Croner;!'; as rol~owi~g,~

• Mr. CHIN CHRA'R:OM, B.Se. Degreeilil Asrku~!tL!r:e gWl'u:hlated fmm Chum.;:;!!,!: Dat1!rI,g Agri,cIlIUIJJtM Insti~'llllte! Tmtning Coordi~a:~Qf:.

.' Mr. M.AR Y CJlIA.M:ROEUNi MS. De:!llreei~ Aa:ricuUlJr1fl gradulNled frnmCiiecinoSlov.ak:ia. l'mi:n.i:ng S~fr;

.' Mr. MAO NAIU'fH, B.Sc. Degree: in Agntalll~lJlII re gg;adY<l:~d f{,orn, Cl1!llImcru-Dll:llI:n,g ,A:g;ricuilltlmru II'Is:ti~!ln~ ~n Clm'Ibodia, TU;a;illli:u,g St:.liff';

• l¥1'r. PAl( SAJ.IA'Y SITNIT, MSc.De,sw:ee in A1[lil"ollOInY grndua:~e(l il'Dm .R~:>si1'l,. T.rail'ling Staff;

PhysJc;d ·ll:!esO'!'!!Res. Pn,or U)! :ll975.lhe ID)L'l~rutmJ~litt of Agricuhuffl wi(h,im the Miflls:[lI'y of AgriclIIl ~ure 'WaS run~]r1g, StadO!'!8 il'l::.l1 j;)fr'ovwnc'es forrioe research, and ow.err food. arid j~dJl;lstti:a[cli'ops •. these reserucb~la[~ul1s totalled 2;7' MId $QruJe ~osses:S>ed <I 1i!ubstanUal a;mO!JII:i,[ of equilPmcf!lt 8upp~led by fro~~gnaid pr.oj,ecl:S •.

Between 1975 and U 979" lhceq~liprnle:!ll[ ~n these srn.tiOJl!S wa.~ systcmaticll!.Uy desU'Ciyed, :f!]e~ an(j e.xperi:ll1le[l~ rec~nl$ burned. fC[lce;S r, rcmo!,loCl,. roads!md w.~:w~r d~~mbutioF! ~yS!.em~ ~:agOO.rnldbuildillgS d:~smrura[l,ed. These wm;:h:!Jdeda]] Ag:r:iCl1l.~lliJ.raru T.rm.n~!liEl facUities ~d ~[ pK\ge!,!~ lJiflre ls rjlce;· ~()]a~dlnillii!:lg. [mUlling ..

Equipment. lysedrQ~l:mii]fl.ing !]ldueJes 'on[y 1 orvel'hea£i. projectm, '2 8ndelP:ro'jec~ofs~d .~ v:idoo camera, rtlcoxdc:r (VCR),.

Hum an reSiOI!Jl r:ce.$o'f COlolper:aJ~iio'n ~liltelr'1nat)iofila~ pour II e [lleve~IO,ptl1ile'li1It et al~ Sol ilda ri:te (C'U] SE) .Agri,eu ItiIIJ lI"al Tr,ai n~nQl?roJe at

CIDSe is (l:!1(lof IDe NGOIS ill Camb[)dli~. w:h:id!l S1!!ppOfil: agri'CIl]tuliCi, mid ]:5 under lim DC~O:Dlen( of Agric~.II.~ro. One: ~l ofl1ae~r prognoo is the .AgricuIllJlr~ TraiRing Prcojec,u

fA 'fP') 'wbkl] :~i!rll 199 I wH.b Inffil.e fo~~owrng ol)~e;ctive-S.:

• a.ssis~Camoodirn:! Fa.ITfi~rsw jlil~e tlU!~irrooo ~rodiyo[i:o:~ Ql.WlPl:!t~O O'iIltai~ s.df·'suf:l1de:n.cy ~d se:I:f:"~diMl~; and

.i:m,pr(we Il.efar:miug, i;;l'lo'wi:edge and 8kUls ~rol!lglil ~P[J~,oprilre u:~njli!go'f CamlbOO:i~nooctmi~ perso~!!ne:t at ocml!nlil!" d~$tri!Ct imd f,amne.iv:i 1]~gel!c'v,e~l.

Tb~ N~tkm~Tf3]:nii:lmg 'team, w'h;i(1l o.rganizesand m,ma,ges meit(w#i1I resp~live t!iaiW1i!'!gp:!'og~s!is composed of 61r.l!.ilrRlrs [tom die [)e~wm.eutS (JIf A;gwlic III I tUTe, Animal, He<l1~~d Pr,odYC;I;IOIiI, .Fisheries, .. [io~estry. :ri'ydool.Qgya,!l1d MechMiimtio'n"

lilleProvwlThcWW Tmi~ing Terun •. whkh ofJ[tf~i~ poovit'lcial 'lr.:lii]ll~(;ll:l\l :Pro'Blm!J!IilS" is OO.ln~O&Qd or'9 ttrune:rs: caeeach fliom l.IiliePI:'ovilices Oir Sva'yrue;l~gi'Precy V·ell,. T~e(), l(;rmpo:llg Sp;:u. K~'l!ndal. Ra:lOO.lakiri. Kal:n~ol,K:am~O"I,g, C.h:mi :!md B'Htmn~~g.

Two 1'I1Ifidredallld I1fty fl V'e of tile Food P~~ctiion Tecbin:idan:s,. who were umnet] for] mom.l1.in R:h:::e-ad Ricebasedf<U'm~og. Sys:wm.~. ~. ~:s~sti".g C'aI:tlbodian FllrInen ~n thei:rres]:l(:cHve pla£:e: of assig!lirn'~!:!L

Th[!eelull'ld:rOO Cambodi,aI1 f<'lm!ers ba.ve been nmlled!'b[l' 1 weekillt Rlce and Rke·lbiSiSCJ~ Fannilll!l Sy&lem&.

There is no, !D<u;ildililg; for Il;be l:f<lii'l~ng p~ogrn.rn ye:t,. the COll!1!rs~.~ :mo5l1y coudl~cttd i.llli!. :pagod:ll.(lr C'DAm dlJlrin,g the" vacatiQnl.

The hu man n3SOU roes of' Min ist;ry (If Ag:riCiU Ilu reo IForest.ry, aJl1dFisherles {M,t\FF)1

A[ pre$e;~t, MAlT has 43,35 emp~oyees. aifld !3ippmxi:rni81~e]y 438 ,b".ve the B.,Sc. ,dea;ree. 570 Di]'iII'O':'llfMl. (2 ;'C[U'S, sllldy "u_rail:.i(}~)~ 590 Cel1;i filc,are (] )'c:ar stl:l:dy duration), :!lndS26 \Vct",elraim::d of.l~y for 1<3, JnolnlJ;ls aJl.d:!WflixlvoJv,ed in agri,clII.IIDLU:t: wOl'lI;. These numrtJersilllc]ude pe:rsQos, !lrnd;~:ated both from Ilbi~d ~nd i,n·c(n'!(o'lry degree I:r:aiining.

Ifiinancial iResoll:llrces.

R,l'Itmcirus,lllppOn;, fo:!" .~ol1idc:g:ree g.fQ~p tt~llli ng is, ffOro Inl.enDatkl~,atDlQil1;C:l'rsrunm:l:! III NOOs!IOs inivo[v!ed wi'! Qunrti<Jdia, .!Es:tima~edb:udge~ fiOf ~o:!l!.d~g~eeil1l·ool!1i~U)' [!ice· rel~Ued U'ai~.i~gis UISS 2510,.000 pClrjllear. TIIIisamolnn includ!e;s ~ong~~en:ll afld st:lc'rL-term ~n·cmH1!~ZYlrnililiilllg Prollirn1lil·~·

Doness also send C:amboclia;i!i a,gricuiUlIrttl 8c.Je~~ists or lred'ln;icta~~ ~Q mei?i'i i:H~pi'lM~S I~:O ~tre[ld aal[ling CQ1(Irses at, lRRJ and Ilo IDe ];nlematio:nail J:m(~ltlle fbrRu'mI. Reoocn8l!Xu(:li<Y.!t OIRR).;}jjld lID oo~ecood ius;l:iI[;1[Itions run Thail:and. and. ~o ilil~crrl!!:tioJlaru ool'lfe[lences o.r.s~1lIdy (O!tl~. atL~ood upe:nses incui!l'rrJda:re .~~~.d US$ 100,000 pc. yeM.

nai:n~ ng .activit:ll~'s

As d:e!licdbcd ai'loeve,n1iIesmnof !:he; ClAP Wililif.lwog project was !corld~cwd~lI' staff of me'Iiaifli]l1J! Celil~er ~u IR_RI. 'f~i8 <rll:owod Cam.oo[J~im,siCi~!u.is;Ls to d~\!'el(l!p theil OW~l l:r.3il:nl~(;l,g Skins an(J uUllima:lie]Y use K;hfl1llcr 1~l'Igy~gc mlS the medI~m of If<l!i.f)~!1:Kl~

IIl-:C:QUn:1lfy niffil:iinlg' in Camn.bc:idia beg~ ln 19S9~ n~ n1ilIDOOr of lparti!ClpruUS3~[,WIli~itl.S tile ,SbOl'IHell1ll training OOUIfses w~s~o.w in 191&9 ~d ~9'90,. because !lib]:::; ·wa&.IJ].e t1egi,nll~[IS of We~:I'oj,flcl. MO$l 01' the, CGllfS:eS wel!'e Oi!il Itue,gmred PC;S[, MIm<l~eme:~t OlrM) (Tal)le m) ..

11l'.Se

1., IruagrrSited P·e~:I:

Mru1Iagilln16m1t

1. f!irob}arn Di<Jgl'!.Q$~S Q(!Ri~, Tr.ml'lfng

199~

1. ~nfugrll!1:lldl PEist ~I'MI'II

&lBiMov [loOA

I6{IAg,lc. T:aCil"ll, Ol1icars, (in Ktlm)ar)~E1iOKI

1'9 AIligl

KWJ'1'9 S'M'ay .[)is,trlel, ~ P~Q'o!iI'l~296 FlWmsr;s (ETOIq

1~20 Oeot DOA

:30 Agmi~, Tech. OlfioefS· CO!;ifSe (PDIFii.TC) (AiI"O~ IA_RH~·amb~ Pr'())jed (rep) Cgopara;tQr~ ,~!nOK)'

22-.270C'l.

[lOA

3Q AID/iCP ~p~rors ;lSI OQ!-iS N!(W

COP;.

30 A,lOlliCiP ,OOOp!lrattQrs ,~IEmK)

20 kprr R'O:rIlI'lRS Hill!;: IDist.

S!lia$ Rreng PfovinS$

200 t,arrna-Js (EroK~

11.;2.3 Mar DOli.

a7 par:~~~1s .A:TO.lICP CQQ~rEl(O~;s (El'OK)

.2~ OJe;P&:f'atof~ ~~ng{ 7·10' Ma.y

Approaches!o OOifildl.!c~ngl 90 ~r.~ts

iii Fbldl El!1pl!lnlml'lnt .

3, Spesial ,A~~ IFJlrodu:cool'l Tf~liT!g' Course,

.~t Tisach'irlg Skills:

Imp~owml~J\I.'Ool]r$1;l

5. S'tai'Klmd 1l'[~OOiW0Il1 Syst<8mn for Rioo Tro1lnlng Cwr~

S. CoopetakfrS Me.e1:lng~ lB.h:;i!m!e1,!r!c$i 'Oour:$9

itOJI[li!il-2Aug [lOA

115 AT'aillOP~Eif~tw$ (ETOK)

,6 .Jul .2 Aug COAlI

~5A "I'OJlCP ~PGr .. w.~ (ETO:iq

'6''9A1.ig &.'~ 2.:1~' Aug I)OA

56 ICFl' {loop09ratms (IROK)

5-:90E1 OOiA

<IS ~C:P ·coo;pe;raus (ET'OK)

,_ Speclal ~1C9 Proouction, Tratnlillillll COOf~

8. ~ngl!~h~ IFr,airung CQUNi9S

ll:9:92

11. lrrt~Ill~l;itad Pe>sl MaJl!IagG~e!1t

CooPfiralOfS M'eoBilingl ~'OO.CIi1os ,toCcimdl!..i~~ng It Flielci El!iPBrli'lliint

S:pectiaJ' Rice, Produc.ti:o!I T,jra:ining 'OOurSii

4.

li~iJhi!ll9ISk~l~ liilIIprovamsl"ll Course

5.

Slamla1d lE"wJuaij0!111 Sf8'11ffil1I'O~ .RiIoo lrai!'llrn9 COOfSlEl

1!;l..CQoperal.ors Meoe<1ii!'l.gt B[:wneIJiS9 CCfLlI'Se

7. $pedla1 Rtoo Pn:xlJ!cll'cm Tirainlng ~r$

s, En!lll~$h Lal!!l~age TiraiiminQI CoUf56S

21 SI!Ip-113:Doo COA

23 ICP OOQp81ators ~wil'hbaobl~ ~m 'TO ~RR~ (K\lVI6)

:a) lPart~me

:2 Inrgtday I(:alil y·ea!'~ 4-,1:0 parijo~PEtrrts

:b~ Fu'Jlllime,

4 Feb·6Jul

IE! 199'1 IRAI ~m;~$

c) Fu:!IUm6' 2tall~s 4,J1~1"!·3Dac

S<S '9~ IRAI tre;lf!~ 3 !rise. proj;ect aUlif

1111·28: M!aT OOA

n par~olpanl$

A "I"'O~OP Qoo;p~r,aitor~ (ETO:K~

iNQMa~

90 p.m'UcljXlfits

1 CI Ju_rr0:2 All!:! DOli.

15 AIOflCP' WOPefalof~ (ET(),K)

eJ:Lil·MIlI~1

CC.A:~

,25 ATOllCIll oooperalo~.s (ETOK)

G-$ Aug So, 12-15 1\1)[1 DOA

5fi.lCP coop€lf,ltilim, ~;ETO'K~

5·$O~l

[lOA

46ICP OOOpe'8IOf~, (E"I"IOk:)

21 Sap"l3 :OiS'C' DOli.

2:3, lCP 0O;peirators mmar MIn bMkstDP fromTC IRRI

a,} PmlUlfneJ

2 hr~ (am 'f$'<II) 4·1'0, paJ'tiCilparlt'S 1:1) lFulllime

4 Feb-ISJul

e 1001 :1 i=!'p:;j,I. 'u.a.!!'IE!E!$

~) Full tin:l:e 1(2 teaehers) 4JY~,·~DQQ

3!S '9.2' IRRllI's.IJ'l!;)es 3: mise, prOJ~l s'laiU'

~.~.

'~, F!~~ii"'f'CfI :F!iepo~1 Wlli~ng and Oml J'lrlllS!loboon CoUFS(j,

2.

SIPGoCial RIOe PrOd!.icIIOfl lr~i!lnJIing C9lJlrso

l~glfs11 Ul!'lIll!JaSll, Tl'a'lning Courses

BasioC~I~r Ap.~lica~Ia!'!~and

I-I!nm~r WOI\(jI P.o~$~in9

IFili:co' G,e~pJasm CoII~otiol'l fnlt!

6" nl'ld OJiE!!'I~~ilOI:II caW1S>9 on!Jillll S!::IlIIarud 8\i\:l11!JJ~.iim S)i\Siliiun 'foIr Rice

1, Spacial F1ioo Pmdyc<,iQ:n l'rn~

S, 8aslo 'Compyll;lr App~~~o~$ and

Kllmer WorJj :PflJCS$~f.nog

l'm

~. En.'O!1!r>O:i1miii'ltandl

IFMSflmlliiN

2. RaglJlnat ~Ii:th Ui~~Oig;a1 Tmg (OO~d\!iC~adl by .AIll~lJrali~1 canoo,!~or Engffisti)

2:ii' .!Ian • 7 ~IiC' OOiA.

25 CIA!P ~~\PQra~s l~lETCK),

'~7 Fl!1I'b-10 Apr OOA

f'CIA'P ~O'J)eratofs ~liIlIar

N:D badk Siropl)lonl! TO IRAI

a) p·art lirnIa

(2 hrMiEl!i); :20·25 ,Jan 2: ps;r~n~ all a Ume,

1:1)1 :FUli UGHI ~2~IilI~r:s~ 'itT J1m.~~ Feb

4 ml~. p(ojeoct s~1t

~}Fl,in limE! l'2 'taache~r$) 20 Apr·1SO May 2aagriCi.i'lIJJl'islal

jp.roj_ ,t'l}o,~Qrmors.,~na,,*,il

'J::I~ P.3J'llim:e ~.~. ACE) t5 MilIy.5, Ai~ .5,persons

I) FuJI' timii' t21.oacl!!'J!fS~ '~ .!Iun..:i)5, AI.I{I

'~$ l!lgrrcullwlis!Sl pr~.oo.o~rOli~C!r~.Ph~ 2

9 JIUHSiJyl

(ib);' Pf\1lt41eaooyn COn1lp!Jtw OEIlill~f)

'1 proJect smH'

't!'lSep' IKIlmp:;!t

al provil'lGiall agr[f:ultural_cillmr::, !eoi,'Flloi3f1s~ncl fa~mers (KMB~

:2Q..t23 Oc,t

2.6 p8rtiGiJ:t.i:l;!'Ils (KWB)

'!i!No.'li'-4Dec

:2Jl' p3JFlfcfpnls, (K'!II.II3)

7 Do» 1.5; Jan 931

(b~ P,r'alCheadii.:!!11 Coi\flpVtef Centef)

2' [lOA ,secreitarills

11-14J,an

109 ntMiiGnai atK:I.24 ~nl~m~clil!3l, pllrlicij!)1III'ts,

Attfflild'edl part.'tlme, b)l' CIAI' ~~!I;

4 Jan ·'112 Mm ~113s,tatl} 22 Mi<lr-!! J:I;!n. (~4,s,ta;rr) 14 JlJn"::.!.1 Aug, !~ai ~laJj)

S,' II'M'JIIEn;,gllsti, ~ge T&S'Hng Sy~l'OOfI ,~rE;LTS)

4. Eng!isil! ~~ge, Qoursllb AgrilC11JII~,rliSIS

S. IBask: IFle.;port Wrlt!r;g, and Pr,iioootatiool SkIIl$,n!'lgi Cgursa

'6.Ehlsie R:1oo P[odI.it:oon l'taIn!1'I:CI

1. lFourltl Or~e~~:tion C;oui'.$'e, QI'II ~ S!8I'1d;m:l Eva1llie:ticIilSy~tElm

'r,ilr RliCQ

8. l"!!!~hiI'lQS!<i!ls

lfor IF!i~Oo'~u$e, roOr Ctlum~ Cal.lfIg As~IC'U1Imall I nslit!Jttl

9. 1J1,9 .N19W ledmoloQi&s, in I'II:Qe P~ootmlicm far DiistriO<t l~~;~r;$iol'll WtH~iir5 'raining QQUTSii:! 1(INlIIRI~DIli]M)

1'0. S~ali$tiic;arl AM'lysis 2I.TId oa~. Mafi!iII.gemeliiit ODfr!pu:J.W~mg CCl:lf~

11_ IIlI~nlnd IP,il5t Mgt l'~allil1ing o! Tr:ain~~s (IPMl'OT),

112, Ilfi~Fg~ Pe<Si~ Mgt ~roVinciG'lT,r'8'ill'lrflg of naln~r~ I.IIPM P 'TOT) (Pl',opo~ed}

1:3, R~ls@~UdlIMg,t COOf$Q (RMC)

(f'I'OPQ~sd)

PalliUms

F~~MEr)!' (2 ClAP s.taiU)

FI.!~ time (2. !e~~~E!rs)

I r;"b . .00 May

22 p;nUcip.:rmts

;22; F:eb -s MEir

DOli. '19'C~AP'eooP!lra~ors (ET'OIK)

I Mar-,'9.Apr DOA

16 C~AP MOperato~ls (KIMBl'

15-19 Mar

[lOA

1 s: ClAP OOOpera!iOf$i (KlN Ell' (KNBl'

.21 Jun·"-2 ..:IU! DOA

25 CIDA~ ~r(de$sors {KNIEJ~'

12 .. :29 Jiul

P~9y Phoo.ti S'1;n K~mpcifjQl :51j)Su :32: [)isti'l(:I'8NJ'lllooists

(KNIE!,

.26 JLJ1..l6 AUg

Flir'8~ Phdrul Stn i!<ml'lpong s:~u 3,1 Distrk;le);;tenlmls:~s

(KNB~

5-14 Jtli

C~AP OUioa

12 ClAP $~<lU (Engfii$1:I~

9Aug~4Sep

IPr8ry Pild..<J.u SIlIfI, Kalil1lpelflgJ Spelll fllovllil~

~3CiApnain['"'9 leatli1i I]PM OHi!cars

~I~gll~h)

IEiSep-Oac

!Svfil.y RI:en9. PfeiY V<Q!l9. Ka!ITI,pQFrg Spm.J' S:tfI, Kam:laI. Tcakoo P~Q\t'iflt1ii~ l$OagrlCtlllJ(Jrall

IP[QVlilC~ omcer~i ,n'Xliiil1~o~i51S1raJf'l'M'r:~ :I~$ t~)

Midi Oc!·IMov OO'A

25 A@icIJU1lir,:a1 Man~Q0~s ~'ETOI.q,

~n :~.991. [he:lnlllmbeirOrpmidpll~Ul~f'!c:rem;cl.>d (r~"'1TI9D to U!O) 3S did tl!!e !~Ymlber of 'C01llW'oos. '~lIiJ1l year [J~W 8uhjoClS were ilidJded sueh as: SLanlla:nl EVfi!lua:~ir~!~, SY51e~11 (SI3S) :r~u R:ice, Rice Pi:'Od !JIcLiol'l e~:1jr.l!e (RPC), TriJlli'l1I:iing:an(l Techn()~.nlty Tfilfnsfer O::I!~lrse n"'3C}. Tc;a:chin,g, Sk.ill hnprovernc!:'!t (lSI) and part- atnd flllU·lillllc 1~g.lish Tmi!1i.il'lg COYlrw {ETC}.

NQmd!c@iIieC; Il!£ainill1g ~:7l!$.~e;o d(mfl ai()llQa;d sinoo 1987.

MQiSt or [J~e COIIJ[~es,\'Y\el1e, ~Cll <It IRR.l. Fbi lirp~nes ,Ilmld ilW 1',h~iJrnand. l1l1!are}i'~ the ¢rn,pb3;$~S '(111 ~ning wa~ im ~ec prooil'clioll. The Il!llmberofparlici.pitHts ~tlcremed<l, ~inme from. yeO! 1:0 YCO\lil'., e"X!~C:,pl ~Il 1989 where '@n~y QIruCl Ag~Clu:IUJraI. Eilgll!i!eeMing Cow:'$C; was ~e!il~.fid on~y2 p.1I_lticipaLliltsaue!iJded [[-able 2).

Table 2. Ext~r!fila1 ~r~inli!:g c'~'u~e!i.~tOOffiid~ bypr(lJ~~~JXlI'I~Qr~ Cambodians '1 S89!.1,993.

NOINDE:G,R,E::ECOI!J'RSE:S HIes!

1. IEi!'lgineerff'lg '!Q~ Ri~, AigriQUnl;l!~'eOOUr$e (E.FiLIliiC)

l'!lOO

'~. Gane~K; E'!.I'~JYa!~glf!~il~ Ulili<l::ilWn {rJE'U,~

2. S:j)QCf!a1 RicQ F'fod\!ctJan n£!i~m.g COUlS.iI tS~PTC)

g_ Farmillllg Sys!!lnliS!

Re!S!a<UtCh C\:JlUf':>ie (PSAC)

·4. Of1.t1111).JO~ TI'raining (OJT), Soil F{li1ilnly'

1. nain~1l:Q 8; T'!ictllMlblY WI'.all1!;f,E.lr C'OIJf'SlI (1'3C)1

2~ 'GeMtlo Evall.i'IlHon IlJld 'Uti~l:aticn {Gi:EU~

3:. :Spedal RliooProCuc]jolii lramlng C:QW$iQ (SRP1l"'C)

.t, Engj1K]<oriFlg i'Or Rioe A9~iOU:I'lilJe CilIJrSil (ER.!D..C)

S., F'S;rmmg SySlS'.ftlS Ro~.olll'Ch COUf:s;e ~F8Ii'1C)1

6, IrrIg;l.tiolll, WOlter Mgl Tminlng (I\IVMT)

1, RE!~C:~ Mgt T1raining CWF~ (RlMT,C),

8_ Scl,Dl;iI HoalU1 TiTal~lng Coursa (ASHm)

a·2€lMay ~Rl1li.ll?ihlllppines :2 :pal'~cljjal1;ts

5FQ1:!·~May 1:F\i;i!.!.Pihi~ppii'!e!$ :2 ,par~IClilp~ts

"I~, May·:3;l Augl 11F!'F![·Phir.ppinE!$ G :paF'~!Olpan~

203 J!.Il·~'6 Nov I'RlRr·"'ll'li~ppimls, 2' Ipa~'~~par!t~

24J!JI~SSep ~R FI.rI,~j'lmppii'l;$ '~ par~d.p~nt

4 f'a!f!~.g; Api' IRRI·PIl1~ip;pllii!e$ .2 pruUcipants

4 Felil,24 May IRRHP!'!mpl'ill'le,~ :3 pl'llu:~rp.!l1119

22 A!.:p,r ·30 Jy~ IIRRI·;PhiifPJlin;e,s " ~!klipaJ'lll.l'

11 M!ay.l<1 J,~m8 IAAH'hiITlPprOO~

1 p:IlTiici~1

2:2 Jul·'~5 N1ClV III1RI·PNI\j:Ipil'lifls

a p.atFlidl"~1$

2GAiI:i~,4 Oe't ~II'!AI·Pl'Ulr,ppinfl!s

! pa:rtici;p:a:!'lt

2'1: S~P.12: OC1! :1'1i'I1Rll'll!Jlj;lLf.l.IPi!':!i~ppi"'E!$ ~I iparlilciJl;ilnt

7Sep-1 No\i IRFlI·PIIIIIIPlPinIlS

" par!j~pWl:t

Ti!l)lo, :2. E!.'dH,n!&~ malnfn.g C;;Q!lilrs~8antlnd)odl roy' ,r;ol~t.lS:pOMlOrHI C<!mbcdlans 1 !l1I~·19Iil;J.

1. Wit k), dil'f~~e~t rl~ r~reh fac~itle~ in lfidi~ and IBangl~~1i!I

1992

t Tmlnti)g til Ti!dilllol'ogy r~W'lsfe:r' COll.i't1a

2.00.IfIe.J'oo Tmining in CQmpu_ OP~JaIiOfl!!I ,3l'1dOlika Admi!ilr'~!r.a1!1on

3, E!'Igi!il!e~rll'!g~r Rice,

rEI'Oouf;se

4. F'aJrmingS¥slwm RgSlil8H:h 'CQ~nSIi' (PSRC)

5. I~l~ga~ IP\Ei$t M:g1 (~PM)

$, ~nls~i'lal~1 N!o)Mork O!I'I SustalnabTliI, AiiOG! FaJTI'Ilng Sysooms ,~INSURfi)

"I. ri'J'l_n WaJ~r ~t lYail11rr1QJ (1WMl)

B, On.!lt!;e-Jo!b l'~if\l<l91 ~n lr;ati11~gl iMld reetuilo~ TrIrnsfor rnc~

9. PJloo PrOdUCUQrI Rie~. 1ira'ir'llIIlIQ (RfI'IrI,TCl

1'0' NO!L!'·ifj Dac 4 paJ~~ip~~

,3 Fe·24 Apr IIFI:RI~Pnil!pptn.9.S :9 pllrtiDipall'lts

U~$. OU:ch lFlihDl,lmy,

Kuy Sopna~. Chln OhhafO'FI'I)

28 Mar·12 Ma,y

I RIRIHlIiI11rq;lprnes

~ ~rtlcip.arll (M~.Slm~)

21Ap,r ·EiJl!!'I IIFlRI·Phllfppln~$

<I p.e;rticip.ElJlls

(Cfllfl SamoulIl,. Niil.lt!9 Samlh, ,Cill1l!!J.:h:g Sopnal, SrIl(Y I\!UfIda.9un~

1 '6ermar!"$p"n$o~ed 'j)a!1i~t ,~FQ.iT!

KFiiNlIF ~ Burn Thom}

:20 JUI·H Sap ~RFlI'.l"iI'Ii~pptoos llparliiolp;ml,<;;

(,Vtrf'(l SalrIa, Kan Sop!'i~"', Peoh R>t>m!'lea:)

00 .JJul·H Se,p 1~1~~"FihiI1'ppif1~ 2~iparll!i

( !Ms. 'Vim VUIM~gll'il'ldi Chea S'amnaJ:!OO

2:(1 Ji.iI·6 NO'il

II RA~.Plli1lipplnas

~ ~mrticipm'l( (RI:Is Chha.y) 1 ,cr,lermal1·si)MSoroE!Od t10m IKPNlf (Oull. S"J'>e~h)

24 AYQ'"\2 Oct 111F1RI·PhilippiI'lIilS

~ p.a:rtici,parn (KhiOlW K!fIl()

7Sep·~S Oct IIARH!hmRpineiS o'!~iplIDi8

(Ms. Mal!: SioliB~9\ Mruy 'Cha:ptl~, 'Cihaa E~hy, arld Ma<l rNlari!h~

150¢~~1 Nov

PllDfillim ThanlRi~1

RlilSBllJd'i, 'Cl!lintm. ThaiianCl

"1 parm~iparnl:s

(Say PI1IiI1e.a" ThiaiJI'1911'hay, S~!I!! Sojphal, Inn flih~&Y:, Sa~ P6'I)g KrlJlf •. UmSOI:l, ILosf9osl'IlIei),

con,tJ

Tab/Ill ~,flixltamiil hiili'lliil5l' Q~ lIi'$~ ;a~d~ ~y :p~l)m~!:4i:POI'I$o;~M 'C.aiiflbod]iEm!llS~11j9~,.

Janu~.JYf!~ 'l99l

L tr'lt(,lrnatlormal N'$two.rk Ol'!

Si:lls<taJrn:!b~~iCOQFwmrng SysllOiilIIlS (INSUAF)

:2~ Englneerilngl'f01l' Area Agriculture CWFSa (ERAe)

3. Q{li-ltJe,.,;ljJ'l:! lr,atl1lr!lQ! In Da~b,aslB Managamefl'l and OH'Lc8' f!rOOildl.Jr,llsl

4. IDsap<WaJteranC!i Flood IPlICiil&FI!QG, "I"ralntng

,5. W~ CQ(i~(!1 Ooy~:ss:

Dif,aGt SHead ,Rica, ~WCTC~

"I. M8c, il'I Crop SciaooQ· Agrlln~

a Mi5c.. m GJJi'mpl!il~m COm~I'IoI':IlJtiQn

3 G~rma;n.$pon5Q,j'ed pa!1ioip3fllStrom KlPfNlLF (:SlRS ~. Bu~ .. thi<lU\Oh, SQll~ Oh.h~)

.~ F~b ·,2S M:a;r IIR.FiI-Pflir.ppfI1\lS 3 ~rtkipili1~

(1,.0119 Soe~n9 So~,

Ly KIm Lay, Mary ChaM10eun.}

,: 'G81m3flrsponSOf9dl . pa:rlirnpard fi-om I<)PNLF (VinWlJ'iy~

26 Apf "4 JUIl

I RA~.Pl1jltppiIt9S :2 pa:r1k:iparlls

(M(lOlll> fii~~1h and 'Om.SoUl.y~ t Gar,f1lrul.sponsoredl p.a:r~[p;:mllrom KPN'Lr (Vt!:rIQ.Da,VlIItn~

2S Apr ·2~ M~y

I RR~·Ph.lI~pm§;s

(3 wgal(s) and

HiU'l'I· ThaEI<U'ldi ~4 days) 11 ~rWcip.aJ'lt

( Ms, S(lJ( Son9 Ly~

3 Ma!i'·20Jun

PraetJi~buri FiiooA<EI$OI<l1'ch 'Ceil'lltGr, Thru1al\'ildt

6 partdOlpatilis

(Ohm .Kosl.!(!, Knan Mllor, C:f;o;yP Se.~, Sok Sopn~i, PIU1 K.y;n Hel, HJm Yon),

'1 Ji.!n • ~Ol Jlil ~,FiRI.Philtppin9S

l Germ~·$p'Cln~~ed pia!flilcij)MIIl'(!m KF'NlF (Chna)" Soulllan~

Gradu<l!~G!dI from Ce"~aT

luzon Sle!~e UimiiVefsUy,Phllipplnes in Mar ~992' (2 YMrs), a:r.d ~~!V~d1 to Camborna en '16 May 100ll. The,sis: Ri'l;Q QO'QiS'f3lnrn, analysis for' re~r(ih p~io"'~ ~Wng il'l C~l»dia (Lengl T'ek Seng~

'Lgirl 'flDr' flirmingJwm

'Ul'liWfSlty, UK 001 23 :Se!)119:9;!lI,o~ 11 ya~' (SlnSorviltl)

L~h lor Un~ver\$ny 011 Wlil5!tam A~$tratla. AusuaDa 0111 27 fi\liilY. 1992; ro:r a years (Meo Sa)"QJn)

labl!!>.2. IExiI:orma) 1raill!'lIllQ courses aMended! by pmlee~~OIil!g;ol'ed C"'\lid~!)dl~f!!!· 1.9a~·i1!19a!.

La"lbr U.!'!L~ar:s~' tot W>asisrll'! ·Sydrley (So.cfoaC\')flol1ll1e) Ha~bili!Y. AusltilliEi!. en :2:9' .jIaJluary- '~993 ( Ms, MaJk SOIiiiiilg)

co,n,abo!l'ati:l:::nlwiU~ ol~h.e;r N'AIRS Oir mA,IRCs;

~n 1.I1ie ,orglmizationaJ. cllan: of MAFF. e['AI? is l:I!ule:!!i tile 11!I"'1b(d~a of nA.. widell, Is the mailfilecbnicaID ;$01!lKe of <I£l'icu1i1!lre. Olher NGO",li~ ClOSE. ACR, c~r::~, :a,I:@ ~so !.lInde' '~e ~e· ~l;Ilbrdrua aJ[ld w.e: Sm:nIC, lCiYiCtm refe~f:emce '~() ,co'][~lllo:ratiQ~ with! IARCsatpooscnt, 1~i1: Cm:A:P~in,tlll\g 'learn has a. ,tID@se rematiolilJsihi:p wi:lhthe 'frai.f1ing Ce"'l.er of mRL P~iU1 s ,a;re:~e~n:El Wa;ild ~o oo]]abQlilile wilm.. l.hJe, foUaw i[lg ~nstiu.uiQIIkS.

• LCIMM:rT~ In Me:x.i,{':o~ '[0 OO(1l;clltte'~ researeh in ricem;'Ji~ srubjGo!:S.

• liB SRAM.,ilJ! :S:;mgkok,. ~ll OQrldUOl [!e-seruraband ,e:~ch:mge I!ecb~olo.s~esmwnpil'l)b]em:s~ am:!

• IB.PGR.i!i! Rome. Italy. ~oco;nduct r,flSeru',cilil 'il[l

g~:ru,n,las!111 ool.lec:tlon and OOIilSCWV(liOOI1L of seeds.

'fndlli'lin!gllp'l~alnnhilgl

If! ~Me 1992. Dr,E]!is; Ma;rn.eny. Head o{ me 'fmini]]! Oentc;r oi£mRI" w~lh hils c'O.Lleagllle., Da;.Robe(~, Raab,im.d Ms. Mak So~~cng f.rom ClAP 'fliaini;ng Team,. !oonducted .11. 1Xc<li f!~!J!S !leeds Ms,eSiSm~'nl :fbrlhc Call'lIOOcIDi,a 'lmi.llIl1l1g :p.mglrDl.

TIlepl!oc:ess of o(n:ldu~[in,g tbe tfmflwng needs asse;;s~eflt ~!lcl1l!dled ~!1~~r'Ii'i~ws, .pc'liQd:kail! :sunoey:s, 3IIdolblieNatioll w~dl agri()1!!Iu,ual: przyvinll':ial ofr.i~oFS, ClAP COfi~MI:Offi i!l. dif1fef·em n;ce: .lieseateb 8It2:tiJo!'!s,aIld Cbtm<car D~lW.g .Agrh;:l:Illl:lraJ. II'lMjhn~ (COAl).

IB e]Qw ils.l1nel"ro:posedll<liill~rlgplan.coyeri:ng 'nl.e period :~.9'3"~'5197 ,tTevelQped fmm l!e'nc~dsass~sm!enL.

iO!1:iII!, 9, F'lliOposcd 'Ilirllll'ling 1I!:il:ledlin:~k!f ~e!\Tg!l11993i 1994 !mdlI995.91.

1!!9~

1. pir,e1S9l:IlaOOI'l Skillt!&porl, Wrilingl (:2 wesks) 22 IFeb • 5 1Mm' '~993

AtnI'lYal1 ~hnri;;a1 ~ID~gI

9! ., 3 Mat 1993

2, $~l'ldaJrd Ev,alli!i3ltiool Syslonli (1 VO\sek) 15-19 M~ 19$1'3

S;, B.a$~Ci RiCi!P~Qd!JC1iIoo (6 WGiSkiS) 1 Miatr· ~g' A.pf' 1 gj€!i;;!:

Table 3:. P!\~pose!ll t-rldnln:g 1!f;I:I~i!I.e.!ir,~rp!MI~ 1993, ~!9!M and ~~9Ij!'.

of, InWgJamdllP9st M~emlt (1eropoyde,) Aug • ~fjd IClOK; 1993

5, InUlgyaladl Nu.!II1I~nt Mafl'agemenl(6 w.e.eks)

103 S~pl· ,2:3: O~ 119'93 .

G. Ae:~¢~ MaJli~aClI: (:2 w,ee];;s) mid • lata 0011923

1994'

Sqr:n11;:Jir kI ~¥ll' plus;

1. AriV.:liilf!;Ciad Rioo IPradtJcooJl ,~ 6 \M9QI!:S) (d~ to bEl ~~~rm1!'1ed)

2.~Mmrll9 :SysAfltl1S (8 Vi\l'Il!lks)

!(~~ U:i bQ ,dI~!afmllilied.1

3. le(lh!:!l!:~! ,Engmsh 'f.2:weelks~, {datM to be ,deh:lrml~ed)

,~. tr~lg:atio..ii! Wa!tel' M~ageM~i'i1 (]i w~k$) Jun· Fiflib

11005--1997

SimJ!1a!' '10 199~1~· :~MY:l~,~e. pf,u~Il'.al!1!!rng Ima!e~ilaJ~ ~~~rlt

'lr!a~n;iingl m ate:ri als devehJip m,ell1lt

TmiJ!lil'l.! :m:i'lterla]s CUlfrenUy nse~i!1! tmlitling lligll'lly' depC>.!Jl,(ffi olllr.3:ini,[lg" :maJlieria]s [llodililoed by .m.itt

il.T'rnm~n:l::modijl~.RR~ ~!~~,h~v,eWopoo arnitiJmb~r of Il"ill:n!ill'lgmodu]esiflcl,Il:~iflg booklets. sets o[ :SLide;s, :and al:H.!:io ta~c:s.

Po. ~eclW:lf!;oLQgy ~ru:!sf~r$(p()c~aJ;ist of lbe· C[.I\P' f!!'ojeCl! began a prog~.l:Wl of lilrU.sla.ting,lhe, bQoli;:lets aJildtapes [or dismtibu!n1Ion ~.oPfovwrlciru, oe[!llers.B}1 NOViembeJJ! 1991. ~e audi.o o]t 8, mo~:u[es bad ~i.! tmi!ls~~(ed aIIld l.I!~. '[lley a;m. as fo.llO'Ws::

PC~7]d(lm~fi!cal;i():Ii fl!ld B~()IO.!fY orbits

pes M~lhods 'of Rat Co~t:m~

GM·] Mo:rphioliQgy of rbeRic:e .PJa"'1

R[)·5~stablishing .fl.e~dB)l:per.immlll.s,

Rill)-6 C.ollc~:W:m of E::qJerlm.cntal DiUl'I

P:M:~6 Yield Co.lJilir.mm;:;n1JS ofRJce

PC·9 Inseet Pest Mimil;g,emeiH'l m Rice

U?M·IPrim:i[Jlc:sof Jll~o.!lmred Pest MaJna:gem:e~u 'thlesc a,llI diovi"JtI;ais aee ~gularlt IJsed ~y 1U'~d~in!g

,coopenlllOll'S of I:h~ p:!',og~+ W~!h':lru '!lIe :sor.ip:l or 'lbe sl:ildle-$ aee translared~!lIi~.o Khme:r (lind! bookS [.II:inll0d" Ulese mo(hJ~es, will be di sM:bute:d t(J,pt"Ovi['!c:ial cenrers,

crM' also ~~p]::m:5 ~.o use v~di~ocB!Ssette-s :i;l1i!S~eatt of .s.]k:le.!l:!.pe moouks fOfrr(L!illl0g" T,lnevi[h:lO'I:li:IfI.cml ~111 Cambodia. can be. mpped ;fior v~ewtugg". At frese:wt; we t!1l\i'l1: fi~i8hed 1 vi,d)eo' p:l.Qdlyks ;l1:l:di $orneha.ve bccl1llllsed 'Qf aaful1li~g,ai.I~dy.

TI~e-se.mOOJlJih:~s will. b~ '~l~red i~lQ LhcKbmc-r 1~gu'!l,geby CrAP Tral!ll~!lg Tiewn. Tbese ¥~deo moolliles bavea differ-ent .pmpo~ S1rId<li. dif:ftli~]Jt IMg~m: a.tld~elllO"~ ;8$ ~f1dh,-a~cd below:

1. IR1U~Ca.mllodla uf)INiml.ml~.ii1:Q8e.rm"U· series T3:~ge,tAudie~~(!', Pw,vJmtd!i!llrtQjoot C~ramfS ~n ClAW" &esea:robPtog ....

a. rSel~oting a. Sh.efo~ Repli.ca!ledJOn f~. Trim 05 mim,!II.eS)

b. Comm()~ Flie~d Qpe~()rn!slPlJlrifJlnB. Seed·

.ROgUlOg (W m:in~ leS)

e. ~eslrung S~ed ~rmiin!8itkm '{6 mi~I;I'te$.}

e. Groiwlh SUig,e-S or a. Rke Pilla1!l;~ (310 mi~~ liM.)

e. Co1l:dl.'!cti,~g a!ITh OYT 0.0 m:m.UI~CMl)

.g. C{JIII(juo!:iniS, D RYT r(30mif!l!IU;S)

b. Gon:dl'!cti:nrg aiD! OQ·F;m:mTri~[ (30millllll!~e~:s)

2. lR,UlCamtwdia r;;.ropprOI£'Cl.i(m. a~U'l.lf''M series '1-af'gct A;!ildlie!fi¢l~ Sa:m;e; .a:salbove ~}1~1l PWV'illCiOO imd 'OisuireL Agri.cy~u.!wal Of:ficers

a. '~PN What b W~? 1([15 l11l.i;[lIlte.s)

b. W~elil toU:se PeSJticid.es (lOminil.ues)

c. lJ~,w t.o,~m~ea. K.lli,"I!?Siltck S pmyer/l:low w, Sall'e:1yP'(l!.pW'C a Spmy/SlDrn,y'i!l1g Pesticides S:af~Jy OM v'MJeQ' 05milDllt.es)

3. 1R'R17CQmbQdi(J~ gell:eraiaMdie:l1ct s~ries l''a!r~:etA:gdir:ent(l~ F'lm]1lu mid Agricu]tJUmi o.~l:I:cetS

3. CbmroUirng Field Rats(S;·]Omilllll~es) b.Pire:parilng a compost pUe (5~mll1lii;rlllte$)

c. App~yiog l)'l1!orgwffic Fenili2lcrs(5~ 1.0 minules) e. Orow~mg. a. GreeD. Manure Crop (5·1 CJim.i~uoos)'

b. T:rnru,bu~on aod publ]icatlJoQ Qflec:h:n~eaI boob. 'JecbJllIkail boots (11:1 rlee p:rOOll.cJtion ha.ve 00e1il1nMlaleditlID KbimeraJllicW tli~utbll~ed to prQ'l,\'i:lildalag~C!~dtli.l·ral'om.o;:saJld ftm!fie:r5.Nblica[iiQmI:5Im'ruls]a~d" prirmcd., ru'ld .pr,ovWed to itI'lC Dep~eJ!iit at Agriic\iI]ll'l.lre be:fore S~~te<mk( 1'993in.dude: (he· forurn(W."illlg lRRIbI)Oks:

IFLekilPIi~br!;ll!Qs o~ lropieaJ fl!loo

He!pl!.!11 ~O$~~$, SpldetlO,allld Patl:IDQIln:s IrMwmait's PnmMOfi GJow[ng Ril~

1.000 ill 1.9a7 91,1; 00 [!I '1,9;88 30,OiXlinll98'9 1 O,(JiQ(I ~n11900

1 ,,000 ~n '1199~ a,(!!(IO ~" ';1992

l"edl:lnf:.qU9S tllil" fi:ekd IEXpllrillfle!hlS; li'!litll Fi:roo S~d!at,dl E~UQf! S~lam, r(lf Rica, OpilfaWn Manual. IRRI THE!

AxJaIIIIi'I'DW ThrtlsnlU

S1d11~ :fl\I!lJ~topm~jI!t Sf)I1D&; C!!I"!IU'Ollt1)[l F1ald :~~S ie~ti!i1g:S~Q!Elrml!:lalf:Qtl P,repan1~g sJCompoil; Pile, Appf¥ifl(l lloorganic Fe.!ililiz.llrs SooIkmg ~u'ld !n:C!Jbatln91 S9l3ods

10,QIOQ ~n t99l 10,0(116 lilrn '~:991 .~ 0,.000 h~ '~991 , 0,001) :11iI~99l .~ (I,OOlil ~nl99j

PlJrlly;11il9IS~ 'UlrO!.!gh :lMIo,gl.!ln~ ,ap~Ja1ing.~ ~~ Slpraytlt P~p~J!1Irn!,llal'llrnSiIC~~id'oSllll3ilf Spr.ayilil(;l! Ilrns~~·t:iQld'9s

W~t Tbpscll S~11n.g CEllibra1ing:6Pi-aya;rs

DIY TI)Il~oll Sampling

SlOnllil91 f!i!;il

Thriimhg

APllLylng Granular Frinil8r 1M!l1:a~~1 '()]hsIJ:Uf:.ling·alildllF!llpajliirn~lIwll!lS .Ralsing S~clr"9~ 'bY 'the l'iapogl MeU"i(ld 1iram!splanU~ Rloe In, S'tralght RoW'S lDi~t S&adl~gl

Harv.(ls·l:Jng:

!'Wising SI!U3d]ngS 'by Iti,Q WQltM3d MlatJ\OO

10,000 i!'l 11991 10,000 in 1,S9~ 10~0!iXI In 1 SQ1 10,000 in 1:99'~1

~.00!tl in 1 m 5,000 if:) ~,003 S,O!OClln ~m !i,0CK;! !n ~.~ 5.000ln1~ 5.000 in ., ge3

5,000 inl 003 5.00<1 in HlOO 51,000 in 100$ ~.00t!) in 1003 5,000 in 1003 5,0100 In 19i93

Ollierbcmksbern..g rrm~sll1liliMia:u.~lude APa:ime[,QIiI OtgGliIJi:icBased RiGe: Farm.i.flS ..

'Priiollitn.gi~ Ule: Kli!m~ W!I'!l,gl.!!"ge ~s~.l.fem~l:r-' iI:i~e C(Jil1:suming. M.o.s[Of~e ,L!!olishers in Phnom Pel1ilil usem!'llllllU.iI ty~e;se:L 'th\l C.IA" !1i@whai$.a:p[rn·QP·ri!lilJt:l,s!ofitw~and ~ern· ~eadly C:Qiptes c<1:nbe gtlten ~ me:p!l!uers fo:r m~e!!" oI1JI'se:l ~rintllillg.

.FIJ~lI.Ire p:larm ~.Q! deve]op tf.ai!li~ll ~!'Io\lJler.l!a!ls. i.aiSj:m.)J)@~~i" ~~ needs a:ss~$mell~ by .mRl ~n .ruate. ili992,s:ug,gesm.ed :nn.It C~AP 'r:rnin~ng l'~ m.embc,:!'S .irndllde me ~Ol~QWl~g~

'. leam <md use rompu~e"f grnpbh:s)de.iktop puib~i siJiliWlg:

.. tlr e • R::r.lbab. 'f:rn:inll1l£ 1iCe:[Iter(:ou.mew<I1CcSpec:iaJisl. to o@ndUCl a l-we.d::~ I.IUCIlSt\!\e Ul::ai.rn,ing,in;·OO~IIl~ f()lr ClAP' ~eam 3'n:(lothe:r per'SoJil:nei:,. as idc!liIli.r.e!~ U 993) (requirefliU~!l:~: CQ:!]!IpUI~~!t. 13,s,eli pl'iill~.er,. di,g.in!.l IfUm rocof.dJer,. a]1VfiOpri~ue software);

'. aSSess,atIdprior1Uz.eIrai.fli~g mOi1!lena~S nee,a:ed lID S1l!l:PPO!'l :sc~e~y[e.d ua,run[ng 'CO,J,l~S!es;

,.trru:!.Sla:l:e appropri;,u.e or.l'·I1~el"'s:n:cWf :h:a:iningm~nel'ia~ 8..

• d~i,g~ UdpllOduCfl i.lildigc;nQ~:S ma:ler:iail S d:liuadldress s~~ri,c: lfai!1lillg needs:,

.' v~d!eolS· IlISied te oompleU1;elili[ ~opi,c!j:, wi I~: looquireil. [,.;m,(mth!,l'i:sit. by 2: C~AP traililil\l~S [Q IRRllo UHnsl"lll:e:;l!l'ld ~eoo:rd3Jlu;!io I~~cb;a:n.d

• oollabarn~e witt! NGOsruld o:tJlslcr o;r;g$!iZ!.!rtjol1si~.des[gQ and! proclil1lClll.QB o:rn:r,~t~lll~g malefruals .md ~.e.1C.Jil i.nlgi C;deflsi.on ~des.

MJajor PlI'o'bllemsand IConstraints o,fthe Trai lI1I'ing P11'10'Qlralilil

Duc to a dot;:adc pf ,chi'll war, Cam~ia stlffcl's· all acme Shorm~e of b~f.jiila:!l J\~S'O~II"<OOS ~1fI~ ~:n:illlg .m;a!~erifl~ s.The 3~.Y'ea:rI:miBiflgp.ro.gm~ aJrca.dy eQ:!ldMrCled by 'I:h\l ClAP Trni!nlns l'ell!ll ba.d le~x]lerien(~al p:robl.emSamJd cQnSl:rai.ml;S.i]l spine of hard work

FiiiStof 3!U Illne l'ailning staff .~l1!ew alIlt'l dOf!o~ :POSSlllSS etlcmgb ~k:iUS. L~Stlage ~s [Jiliflroain :llllobi:em.becallse aID~ i~:~ingIDaJt'i,'lrruaJ:i ~vai.labl~ from nm:I :areinf:~g~i$~.. AU need. ~O be: IrmlslaJted iJ:lto KlI:a.mers.o rnaltnl1iey amt!eused batt! by miliIe :Q:ilncrSOl'nd I~;nee~s.

S~~!ld~y. funds a;re!i!eOO~d liO sUi.!lpOcrtauaining prosrnm; e.g., U<limli:ngsupp1:ies. w.ul'ntla.~ marreria'ls,lUinees fees $[Id o:[h.ere)!peOSies.

CIAJi'c:lf.le!:l oOll:ha:\I'e a aa:imlilng buHdi I~g, na:ining. oourses ~ave Iileell. OCll:ldIJjH.:~ed In the lM.Oel[J!IlIl. han anile .DepMOOel'ltof Ag1wcu:l:ullm, whk:l~ ~sal.wa.ys d:isllJ~rhed ~~'pllbnk noises a!IId w~ellilTIesl:IDl:.ewtfOf theDA's !It'lCleti!:l!gS. Anotherpooblern. is ~ac.k oftrwn~" ~ommooi8ili(m. Mosil of O!!lrlraifleC'~ oo:me from. provif!ccsa:nd don' t ~<'lJyeapl.~ UJ, .Sim.y!:VI! Pbflom I~!ah C:i~y. w~ere ~e b'a.in~[I.g. il$. ~mmlliC~ed.

Th~~~,i.'fQ.g i~ftas;tn;!!cltnr,e, ~s net fj(,}JlM;Uy ,esl:a!b[ish.ed 3lI'!dlhis mak:el). I:IO!Itin~ng diffioolt a:JfIctI ron:leti.esiJ1.s!IJrrlC~i!ernlt,

The mruns,\!oce:ss f:!.l..clQrs orC1Ar·'jj.tmi!n!if.lgiPro:g~ are a Slilb]eso\i'eUlm:elJ~ and g,oo(l peaee,

Anticiipa~edand Needed Chan'Qles: ln t:heTlra:il!lling Pll'ifl'g'ramr IO'ver the INext :5 VB,alrs

UnderstaE:diiflg ~e llewagriciil.1tIlI[\~po]ic;y of Cambod:ia, ruJI,(I C~~f!g~'S ~!l wQ\rld ~grtciilh~ d:y!r.j:n.g u~~ n~E 5lro!U'S~ w~~~ l:'leocsSirlare makirlg ~ome: .cllafnlges ~li! the trni~~ng pmgrM!! as

~l'oPQiSed tiD Lh,e P~:iIilll" ..

A:s~mei]U i8!$ee~!edM!d sllo~lclbe{!)OCneco:n:!l~(h~~rililg the Irammel'S ·as l[he. basiiC e~e.rmC!~ts. Futnre ool.lf:S6!iand Im;U:r1Cllll:a wiU be des.ig:med ~o meet the ~eed:so:l' ua'iflees, especiii'lmly f:l'lm'Q!e~,New ap[:l~oach!!:!l w]]~ ~ .®qu:i[!cd aJll!dI they shlO'!!lld be based Q~ :p2rI[idpaliol"l. ~earni'ng by dOinil> or 'e):;[Jeii~'1!llWi: ~.eami:rn,g.Thl1s.lhe TIaii:n i Ill,g Team willserveas the: fad,l:iU!Jtors,

Tomee·t lI'iis pl/I.l']:)Ose.. U fWl:ft.ybeglJcd ~oi:!Wtrod.~ce aRire PrOO.lII (;lillon CourSe ~n (be CDATlP['A:C or .A.CR Ex~nsioll Trni!ling ,cumool~ £0 tbat the grnd:l!1!a~.e'S wiUbe eqryipped ·whh these sWUs ~o work mcee effecti.ve.])' ill! theiw fespeclecli provi!i!:ces.n~s,mC;1!i!ll!s ~u~:P'an of Gill' Ilrai;lli~.g ~po!il!s:i,biUdes wQyldred1l.!oe:;and we QQy]d deveru0i:ll:liew .c;;Y~rk:lJ~a:llrld're.~s.e~ to llb1e. liIiems ,ofllliIe COOpelCi!'IH)fS, ,or r-rume.rs i~1 rtc~·.l)\ela:l~~ :M.lbje:cts.

A~oOaler poss~b]e dl$nge ll:! the :l'ulnneis 10 increase [he number (JfTralini~g 't:eM'ls 'LQfe~fl:);m'I in !U;l~ir Q'W~p[Qvi:!l,oos .!I:£(ergradmll!i:ng ri(lm CD.AIJPLAC ofi!'l:ffilwad. TIUJ;!;, rice[~~a~ed eeurses mig~l be· co~duc~ by PllQvi!'!cial Trai:!rui.ll!g Tiell1ai1.s,

FQ~ futy~ci:mproveme n.t, 'hi!nin.gl:)UI!.e:r,~als mwn be ~rnpnDvedan:d il1COO1l!ed as, mud! as possible" Ilile uai!'!u!lig ~(lr~3$tn;lct.ulre sl1QullrlbedevelO]led, and i~l:doonalOOr<ltion wj~ NAH'sMd ~AR~ and! oller NOOs ~nvo~vc:d w~!h rice~c:I~~.edl ])rogr.ail11ls slTLo[l:!d be 'illWlOOlJirnge:d.

Diiscuss~(I·.n (lif C'IIAP (Oambodia) Plreselflltatli(:HiII

S:llHI.G.~~= .Are )'OliJlI" p2:li1!Ji:c:ipail~[S all wo~kIDng en ~h;:e?

Cb.h3nm'~W.PJ ha!i''t;! 2 kiillds ,of patt1ic,ipaWlIIS~.ipr:ov~l:Ici<llru

c(mpeltal'O:rS invol:~ illlri~ee:x~rimne1ru1:$ ~!tjl agrlcy~u~r.~@ffi.c~~ oo~oomed w~1:b allier CfOP!;" We: ruiooass:iSl mtining ~l.Mf oifNOOs.

G~,.ahI:T10W ~ )fOil;! :g:o:illlg 'tQ deoorm.lne we e.ffect of')'\OIn IT"ai1ilii;ng?

CIl!liIaNiItI': k llruave s:ald. wep~aJI, to do a. lninin,s, :impa.ot sUltt'ly.

SY3m:: Mit:e:r~. y~s ,@f l:ra!i(li.llIIg, YOl.1isbowd~e abWe ~o see Us npacl o~pIiMl1IIc.ti~j'~J liL!IUi!. s,:we~d1 of lD~W varietijits. em yo~ (i~m:fIi!;~~t ,on Ih~f;?

Cf:lh:a~IT:!i Last year., OUif pl:{lj,ecl:pub1ished a P'Jler C[[j~g the 'eoolllom~c cbia.llges: ~d yidd j~~es resl!!!lll:ing [Wiom tbe in l:fodl!l,c[l!GflI of new V:M~I~[ie.S, in 198(;i~1'9511.

NIiI'pOft!tL:M~ yea!'. you sel!ll a.l1IilmtbeIlrQfainees. ~l) lhe,'I]]ai.~

. . nun Rice PI'Or:mIJ:CUO:n Resea:rdD! CQll!:SC, I w01!!ld [U()e, to k:Q10W if I~~Y have ~Wi7Jed Itml.eu b.ow~edSe: gaiw.ed f~(lmLbe eeuese,

CIiI'lilru'1~mi:Th,ey h;;'liVle~ $baced(llek~mlowl.:edge and skJiWls ~, way of;l:rnl.liiing!lte~(less-experienoed,co\l1e~gueg a;n.dr:ilImiI~rn.

M'3~:Il,em!y. We. ~$~iUdyi!!1.gl;vh:e:!tu~( :~lere tsa di:({ierence i~1 me am.Olllnl of know~oose &<lJined betw.eel:l lRRI· b~dquaneTS bi~ecW i:!1,d~v~~uals a:nd.lhose 'ld.inc~ in (h,e: 'nla!iI':~ruU ,~erentra1li:red OOtrul:st.

]tao: I Wll11lttO ,co['l.g~t~I:~.te: both tbe Clmfl:JoOd'ia.~mRl Aus~ hoject <liIiIi~ IRRI Tratinirlg C~mler for lle &'U~s;sful nini!1:t'lprogmm. t~ Cambodia. T'ra!.ini~~ w~m~ • .n backstopip'lUg ([(1m [RJU tminern after 4 y,ear.; :is 1)1. roeaslil re of :SlllOoeSS.

The Workinq Status and Prospects

for Academic Tralnlnq at Ohina Natlonal Rice Hesearch lnstitute

'~Assls,rant Pro.fessorall.d Uead, Training Otlic8, China Nati(jnal Ric~ Ri~S€arch In~tit,l.fte, Hangzhou 31 O()'06, p" R" CfdrJ'tJ

Cbina NalionaID Rk:e Resean;J~~nil.l~l.1.!Ile: (CNRRl) was eM;ab]i~hed ~fl 1983amd ]SfI. nal'i.QIllia].i.]II:~eg;ra:ted:mI(lHi~ disciplinary researeb ~nslilutioQ wilh the foc!JcS O~ rice. l~ CNRR.1.lhe~e, we 12 de:p<U:tm,en~: ri~e bre.WiliLg and genetics. g;c,mmplasmfe:5:01l:mes, bi.oteclmol.ogy. :p~j,Uilt pnHieclioilll •. agr(i~()m.y •. plrun plysio~ogy, coere~ d'~mlSLrY aiIld~:r,ooessillig, soil sdences Sfldpi:a:n [Ill] ~inilion, agm~sineeril'lg; agronomy and rice reg~to~:t!!] dev~~@p!1ilen~ compl;!lle' services, and ,comnllillil!kati.Oim and ptlb~~ca.tioos, 'mcli!ildi~g a. H~~ ..

CNIUl~':s,nt~n '~!i;s al"e to(l) O(:mdjUC:lsde[llif:ic~e3ifCib rd!atwlQ :rioe (2)P['I)V:~(IeK'i~t:ll:lica] servlees, arid (3), cM:fJ out acat!!e:m:ic br.aim~,g arnd ~Xich~ge:~tJntaU@f1a1~d llWll'lmal:io~!~! ~'evels. M~wbifc. CNRItI shOl!lil,de~3lJiI.otherim~:t task of undeW!k~ns :!:h:e 1l:aJ1I,Oflai and i~oomationalno!lide8ree poogmm,.~d dormestit: dc:.giit!etmini:ng !;lmgr-axns re~a!ed ~o ri.oe:reseru:dl. ,CNRRI occasio:!'!I!I:Uy :ru~s a,variely 0<1 sl1o~t~ term COlLlil"S>!\IS ~J:Id aoc:c:,pLS Cui nesesnd rO(.e~gn s:r::ieli'lltisl:S iIior sho!l!lI. vis:ii~.

1he ObJe,cUves o:f'frainirilg PrID'91Ir:alm:s

'f!WfC are 3m~j otolJjrecuve:siin CQfldUOling these 'Qinimg [l.cli\liUe~;

(1) m ![l~odll!ce aMpopu,lan~e tile ~ew ttec.hinolflgy ~,d re&eMcl'! aclllil~ve:l~u::nts of CN]HU;

(2} Ul' tr:ai~ the Staffrnld pn"Yide '!CCI:l!flical serviees and C\Jin,SuI ooucy ~Of; lmthna:llo!mX ~nd ~m.c:m:;ui.o:naln:~seall'cb ~!.lstiuuklfls. ,cdlcu;::atianm o.r1!afli.zatl(l:ns :1Ind ,e:x~ens'~()n uniuin agricu~ljUre';.

(3) tOj)rQvb1c: OlpporWrl~i.l[es .rOf exchllnge .a:mo:n.gsclen~sts ~,O ~1il~e:t:l8ifyM'!f!matiQ!~:aIDand in[em~~icl[la] ~(;<l:dem~l; e1llcba:ni@e-i1Jfild w-scarrc:h c:oll.ll~(l;l1.!~iou.

Tha loeatllO:li! of Trainln,!1i Qr Human, R~;QlJr~ ~~I!gpme:n~ Inllh!! O:~,g!a!i!i~atHo:nal Slll'~lur~ 'Qlr ijn,,, Natlonal~ A,gd(:!I!Wlural: IR!"~IIf(:h Slji5i!em

t!iiI, CQllaOOm'~JII ~., Chlm~~elQ$ 'l"~dlmQ\10W COfi'II'IlIl:dQmJ

~1) tnt: CO~ial)i)r:a~~ ~ andi·(?:Il!ldY(ll tDerJ'l .•

I MliTIlShy o~ A~lrull~j\jj

M~IaI~ o~ "A<.l~tlW!l!l SClBiiCBli

·tfi1: (;ot~ata[JDII ~C'I&on .• ~Jiol~9 Sdem~~ TllCihimo:togyCQ!I1ImisSiion

In! Oit~ratlolll ~Ion' M~ {~} E.c!ll~iOjjj;!i.! ~Clt!Jl!, C' ..... q

n", CQnllU lo~ lralnil1iJi Ilnd :~cIlMg~s o1SCi91100 and Ti9!'lllil'!o.lDg!f Chana NaJi:Qil1laJl tRic@!, fhllllllaJfc:ilJ In.$U~l,I:W

Apart from 1LI1Ilderl:;l;ldng t1H~ various traimiJllll t.q;sics" CNRIU 11<l!S alsO' <'IilsiM.ed me: Ministry o,f A,gri:CllI]UJiI'€". C~iJfilese Ato1lt:l!emy of.A,g.rituhurni, Sc:ierJlce!; ~C:A AS)., (0, o.rpl1ie ad aoordin:ale 'n:rn.:ir!iOClgprograms wil~ .!lfli!;!Ili!bew of a:!l;r:icul.~!J.r~ilrnnSilil~1l!itio£l8 re:b!~ed to riee ~e:-serucb.

1RI1eso'U roes; Avaii I a,bllef·or tli ati fII;n'g

Flwna.l1; Cl!ncIDllly. ~~re are .~,070 sdc~ti!;'ts a;nd wollersin cr-;m:nI. ,or ~ese! S 1 N:e sen iOf staff and <lbou~ 100 are rulsiSiWit rese.arc~e"rs. In recemveanh, ~ll!nd 1'1) young ~cie:nl~s![s. IrLavc: ,c~m[:)Jc:~lbIel:r PhD stlUdies :albr,oadand ~l~!med [.,0 f:NRRL S erne sciemi1s.t<; <II CNR.RI m"C weIDl blown in I~eir rc.scw:ch fi;c]ds ill, (:llimlaJ ailtd ~'tJ(roorlTh~s, this for:ms the· basis far 'COllductii1lS; U'llin.il'lgpr"Ograms. CNRRI also invRes ~U· known sdell~iSilS from most piI:IU orCili!i~aJ W1d1.!msQr~fli,ted an a.cad~ic ~mrnisskm wlilichsdv.ise:s :the; ~ai:n:ilillg ~rogrruns. The In.inilljg wofk~sUip]emlflntcd by a U'ai:ni:nI:g offiiQe·in whicll [!a,e_l:ie- am :presel1lUy :2 ,Mficers., M~, lilla.Vle S~ EWlg]ish ~fUlg~~~e cflpacny, a good ~.u.Qwkdge @[ricc ~dcm;e:s, and a Stf(mg sense or dedicaUon and :res~Q:iIls~b~]i.ly.

T~e main w._ks,oflll~l:mini;fig ,otflice 2!!:'e1O OrgimiUi lb;e, fonn1!!la.liol,1 oil mUlIliilg :ptaIls., .impl.,emC;II.[. tr.iIli.niDlg ,t(llJlses. rec;m~! lrainees. and pJc,patC trmn~l1g ma.e:riails.

Ph}'si,cal~ In CNRRl. f:aciiULies inch.!OO Iwe building 'Of Rice Sdences ,of 7.:54'2 m~,. a ~Bi,o(,edlfl,o[ogy biiDilding ,of l,835m,l. buUd:hlg (iiI' oO'lllIiuumkadon aiDd p~bUcation 'of 3,:836 m.1 .•. gues~ ilwouse of ,4.5 73 ~1 wbi,clJ. Clm, ,accommodate 14:2, peQP]ew~1fI several sizes of meetingr(loms (M[J~S)'. Thete are 2;7' ba.ludf'Of expoome::ru:s, and about 200 ha land far' rice, prodluction. CNRRl IjJJ]SQ, bas :pI1YIlO(,008. groeenl'loilses. mkrocompllIlie!.'s, afidothu equipment necessary roc various re.seru;,tlil a~Liviries {with a total cost of abo1!n $10 mil,l.i.on). .odler facUities fOf 'L!'wning are 3!Ils>o a,vailab[e (e.,S" ,slide 'proj,eclol'S. uanspatent sJiIeel~liwojec~grs. a!i!diiQ~'visl!lm :and printing eql:l~pme1!Ul.A bu:iMilllg ror me Celillier of TJ'aiinln,g amid Aca~endc:B~C']Jange liias been 1lD1::m:!lcd and will be 'bll~~t ~l'I 'lhef~[nre.

.Fi",a",ci1a!~ Trail1i~g, f'IJ.llds Pl:al1llIly' oornie :(lillm (1) Lbe a.I1ocalJticm@fspooia'l O[ulds by Ille. corre.smm1lldi$lg de'PMIm.e;llIts of gQVernmel'll ac'CO(~ifig to U1ie;p]~ ,for tJ;IDning, pr(lgrants and recuests raised by CNRRI; (2,) speci,a~ fU:nru, a1!~oca:led by CNRRI fo1' certain b'a,iil:i.wgprogmms·' and (:ill fiDali,clal aid from funiollaland ,inrem~tioniiJ organ izatiQllslins!Ii:Wllions mid domesdc e!!rrerpdses. ,mill pJ1lJ;lice. na'tiOlu'll and bl~nuuionaJ organ:i:za~onslz[ls'lilUit~Qllsgive grants for It,ainin,g programs 'W~ic'b ,~ ~elll ,o[,g.QmIized by CNRRJ. Alu:.m~tive;ly. the uaini:mg pro,grams ru-;fl: prepared by CNRRI and fiillMlC,iail aid is g)l1l.n[,ed '~aror.

Usnngand [lle:sc:lI'~p,t~IDIII1 ,of f'ra,llming Ae1:~vi,tieSl;

Ji.i:ne-July. UJilS May 6'2'11, '1986

Elt.a.1!latic)I'I of rica grain 'qlJlallfy

1'Iie sUiJ!'Us" dellf.elo~t, and Ilialla 01' 'the ,sllJld¥ 1:1111 'I:I\OP' s'fS't.omt (1'1 G, POO;!IlIi, eJt'lend'ad,

The dellteltopman'to1 breeolll!garid gene1ks In rrCG t4,S lileo,p1;au.endoo)

lhe'bmoding and cy!ogenGIi'Cs Ci~ rice, [is psoptiJ a:ttli~l

Rice 'Cihr'Cffio~ofliK! pFfi'paralion and ill situ hymidizafillllll, (,2.1peQpl'g atl!OOded)

'The natilOl'laJ Iralnl~I:D' Clo:u~~e ot ,00000ml~11 H'Ql:ila1ion ,of 'Cro,p plari~ {70peoplil IlJ!IIlin cI:od,l

'Title traJill,l.ng C'OiUn.e cd an,a'lytrcaJ molitoLtto1ogias 01' file; {25 Ipeo,pla' attended}

'The ttainfng C'ltW~ klt agm'"'t100n0mics (1~ peop~EI ~~ndad~

The,~hop,and llr<!lningtXlY!"Se iOf~fMr w:1!illr,EI tor rice bre~i'!!lI (Se people, a,gndedl

'Oc:tobBir:29 ~ NO\ol\amD9r' '1'1. 19891

JUliO 12:-16. 1991

CNRIU Jw; ,oi'gru:iiz.ed m.<lfly d i f1!e~iI: 'I:miningacUvilies, ,rella!ted to rice moea:rclilsi:llice sllleslablislmlcll:l wbiob. caIIl be ,cate,gorlz"oo Wllla the following;:

(1) l..ectl;lJlles only. The ,COJuenllS of dJis kind 'Of h'ain'ing ecueses are :mtile:r speciali:zoo. Fog ,elXampre. 'Dr. Hill Cbru>· H.wa '\"'.q invited ~o CNRRJ: chiaring November.5~12. 1989 to ghl\lol; a speciml.ec~il.I~e e:I1,liUed !\Cyh)g~!ejjC;SMd 'BruOOr.~g'" ro:rDlore ~~ 50.scicTliLists eng,aJ_ged jill, ~e-Steac~b on cylogen.etics, and breeding f[\(lm diJfereil:l[ reseaech ins,titJIJ,lions arid l)[)ivc;l"Siti~s ~co]]ege·s) ill Cblina.1l1c-i:r LIl,eoretica) kn.owledge ,of cyooge;n,etks and practical expedence ti:l! dee bf;i~OO:ingIlM' been eltrl.dmdl!i:ro1Llgbi thls training aClivjlly. Tbc dO£<ltiion of dl~S kind of tr'ainingi:s shen ~ [lonnaiUy a w,eek ~ aJld IllIe trainees, are O(it limited: since they I~~,vce a goodl:ifickgtr'Ol:llld i n the ~sear:c1!I ,~~

(2) Lect1!l res . co,mbined w~tlI. ex~e.ri.m.~[!I~ pr,actioe ..

CNltR1 o:rg;!IDi~ M hn:e.m aOOlllail WQ .. rksbop and mn.in,S; rou:rsC'Oil!l, ., Anth~{r CIl~tIlJll:\e;fQr R icc. B:reedc:rs'" d1ilnng, OctOber :H) .. 24., 199:2.. Seven Cll~flecSei'1lluJ !oRignexpem wCfell'lvi,u;~d 11,00 give lClctUfcsfm the COlli rscandthetralnees ci1IiIUe f!tOm mJ di.fferen'u Oi:'lIJO'Gries Mdreghms. The main (:QI[I'I:e nts of the oourse were lhelh,eol:ii:ltic:ai ki!!lowl:ed.ge I),~, rtee lJj)i~di.lllg by ,ru:!(hefouUure tQId ~alboratory liedJllI iqlJCS. ThrOIlI,glrl the training, the.p3Jticip.aliil:s ~eamed [0 ,cond,UCll rice b~edillig by l!IIle method Qf .. !her euljure, This ki lid of wdfli!lg needs lollge;'I", nOIJ!ll,llJy 2. w~eks or 'more. For dJese 'In!:inin.g courses. 'lJ!i!e 'pa:rtid.:p.antssboll~d be nmi~:ed and l!h'e :sc;aJl:c not 100 :Iar:ge ..

- (3) Re'S~$l"tChe.s $l,e. tta:i1ned, e,spedaJIY'W:laen wll'llO:h1'C~ i~ cc:rtadnl re-~a.c1il. pwj:ecl:S" ;:m,d tile teeieres a!l"egivC'1I by speciru i.MS of ~ose researCh fielclJs, l'iu.':researclIi proJec~ of OICb~!l~eRlceEoonomy" is financjajllys,l!Ip,orrod by mRC ~f.! collaboration with nuu, St.'ln:ford '[lniVeiiSi.ly" U.S.A. and CNRRJ. In "line 1992. they iQr8:ani~dI !.be fifSlt b:ain.il1g COlll"S!C at CNRRI for :rescard:lersin.vo~vcd ill !.his projc,ct The :p'l!l1POse o;fI]I.eCOIJU¢ was loO en.<tble Cbinese. researo'ilcrs to use ool1llcCitIn,etJu.,Md add Ilnei,r tlIeQl)ellical knQiW~edg.eneces;sary fot Ole pr.~;~CiL 11a.e duration ,of miskwnd of llI'ami:n,g is 'f,I;~::n~maUy a. week. TrruniDg 'CO'lU'Ses are· based UPQ1II we needs iln(J deve~omJ!m.elJJt o:fp~ojec[ :rese:3!rCh.:PrucUci,:mll:jS ,ore limited to the researchers il'1J\l\D]ve~ i,l:! the: projlC~U Gdi we Conlf!lI~S of tneeeurse ~ s~dal:i:zed,3JJ!Id~roblem'·focusei;W.

1(."1,) Trni!:lifllg fot'l"incJividunls. lABA senra CllIb.m scientist to learn tbectl]fu:re techniques of rice PiiOtf.l[l~asts at CNR.RI d'm'illlgOclober3loOecc'mbcr:24. 1992. Sbemainlyp;rncticed !.h,e 'ledlniqllPc of cu~(uring rice prompl~'l. This kind of trailll~llIg latslS longel', often 2·3 mon illS and 6 months Or a year lOilillelirnes. N,o 1ecbJres m,e ,gi ven (or ua1l1!C1es and a s,pcc:lml ~_eclhui,que ~s,~caro,ed 'lhr'cl!,lgb lalno:mlQ,f)' p:ractire.

'Tl:'a:j ni ng Plan ninlg,. !HI ow alie Tral lI1Ii nQ N,eeds Ilde'ntiUi €I,d ,and P'r'iolf'iUz:s:di ;cuiI'clIT'rai n~n 51 'C'olufses Dev,eh)'p,ed '0 Address; These INleeds

Fo:r tn.c p.fflclicalillid te:asibte ~mlfl.]cmcntlil.Liol:l oflhe. trWining :progJl'IDI:I, advice, commcnUjjlllld sl1ueslions are requested C"«lm 1[11~ 'concerned ex. pens befon~ 11M tra~f1~ng plans are

prepued. ne ~fii;lil,g ~lro!l:rM'l:S bd ronlenl~S 3!re primari I.y ol.lUimed .3Jcco.n:!ling I~o~e ~pe~l:S" s~ggestiiOns. Tile qll:e~ti.(.lIrun~C$ are dis~iblUired to lie prQS~ecuve tt:rineesi;JI' erder ~.o know wl.elherlilil,ey rrn;einirer-esledin lbecoiHl~,ents of the. ]u'Ol'lO~ed ~in,i,l'llg :pl)ogl'amand 'W:h:et~u;:,r it ~S]lece'S$ary to set ~p dle ~piMed. tr.run]ng eeurses, Tile ql1estionnaires are !:l:41JI.II!~ a:nd.'!hemlem o:!'the pIrupeciti ve tfarneesa:neprioritizeiL The tr.8Lhl~ng ~llaI[IS and ooumc:s ·~.lbelll 'd~\i'e~.>opfld wilil ~U~ 1e:x~!1:.l.

DesClriiptlon rO" the lP'rocless; foil' lJevel,o!pmerlit and IPli'odlUJt[~t~on of Traimliing M;ate,ria,llsll11ld U~e Ty!p,es of lMatell'ia~sUsed

The <lJppmpria!e ex:pertsfllectlll~.e!l'S ru;'e chosen, a,ocl)~dil~S ~ollii.e ded.sh .. e plMSruld OODte~U ~'Qr U'aini'll;g a;nd 11hI~ iinfQrmed 'of mel:l<1infng del.1'l:i:ls. Dey 1P:fe;paife wriueill. I~Hlrefliab· for meiw' ~ec~II],n;:s based 1I!pon lh.e p:roiPOscd topk';!;.. Their mmtlscrifli1S aee srt!~gju:ed W](J prin~ed Co:!' U~e use of ttailljllg eoueses, There Me.tWQ waY:Slo pliepm fbI" le~IJUCie materials. The .fLrnI t!l. U~ pnfl~ amaJ1!r!.1!al ~n CI~de:!" ~ccoW,il!lg IlO ~]~Itai~in.g fi~l)jsomt] ICQ[J:J~:e[l~. The seoollid is to prinl[m:(moJra,hsOfea.c[hh~ctl!l:re:r, and dismb~te m eacb ni~ee.ll!e [llIbomWi!l prooed~res:ml(! eXlPC'rimcntalmaJ~eriJa:l:5 (c:bcmica!l!sand p.liJIflLs) fm l[]Calllllill!lg COu~S!!llS are also ~~c:lllll~ed i!1l '1Ae n'Hu'!lJal:s.

Mlajo.r PlfIDb~liems. alnd CIDIi1Is:trai~lI1ts III tli1e'ra~nwn QI PlfiO gr:alm

Looki,l1Ig back :a[ U~e S1311lS of resea:re;hal CNRRJ olVer the years, some pmblems ~md difficulties s:~in e~i6'~ IUld ~eed ~o ~c resolv!ed for klterlIai:n.ing sendee.

(1) Sboruge olffiuudis,. As, the fu~ds are not fulfli]]ed in tlme,:S(lilifleplrul.lled~l'l~flgp.rograIllSCD.l1glbeiID.frlleme[l~ed,

(2;) W~l:,akme!l:& irlinlllf;):r:f1afiO~ral coUabofO!lt.io:n, and ,eo:mn.lIJmill::aJti.on. A ntlmbe:rofnCiW I[clctmo]oglec-s rEIl:u:l reeeaeeh a.;:h1e¥cments have not been widely .s:p!readthool]gf:l tli:alllling. wh ile ()t!ly lim;i ted h~ a. oout'!U)' Oil a regio;!'!, Thus. 'll1ey b3:Ye mn been effectivei:n 'n:ising (HeriGe yile~d(m:aU ric:e'gJrowing con utes,

(3) 'nlC ll!l:~Qc\Silkm of c'qJllri.pmc]lnJinstr!Jmenl!i has been ;wmed <lit sa.rnli!>rying~eJ!.6eds ofsciendficreseMCb. l'b~refo[,e. tbe, Clqjtlipment ~or Ua]lli~1l,C01larse$ 1:s ~.Qrmany not enougb fOf diSJtI1t;:yLlo:n when!.!. ~Jur;gCli ITIIJjnin~C@1!l~i:s organized,.

(4) ~ poscl·niJil hill in vcs'l:igaHofil of eeueses ~ ~Idom.

ICOil'ldiUCted, thee,I'Fecti'Vcne8s of tr.a~!1~ng 'C(liJ)i\!'ses b:as;'mx been d:ocl:lrnen~l;!tdlalI1d a.'c;hje:\'Cme'n~ 'of tta]niin g olbje:Cll.ves 'are IllniknowII ..

1111 <ldd~t~o:n, lh.c, ,d)e(cfilIflinatiorian(J imlp~e:mc:nt,uio~ of LhiClI"l1ii.l1llng p~(lgr~un:-:; nceds~uJC>L1):~la!e [IDnMll [lQr '!Ie;r:i:I],(;aliom atldpreparnU(yrl.~I!:is weU ad v! sed ~Q~: to dio Ulim!.g.s in a In.lr:ry; Qnh~li'!Nise. the ttrulning etJ~cl win icteaffJecled by rush ~preparntiolil and ~mp],,!W!enmuofl.

Anf;ic~pla.tedl ~m.d1 Needed Chal1llg:es j,ntihe 'Trai n~l11Ig 1"lI"ogram S oVE!'Il'tbe :N,s,X'!: FiiveY'ealll'.S.

Jume, ~ex15 ye~jlh~tr.a]ni~,g work wn~ H mifj~~~y (iOClISed

(l) U~dlefl.1lk:illgmOl'e; ~ni.[IgprQg~ (@gcl!.~ wUlru ojaer oCllJJnuit~Si Wid j:nreJMti!on~ Qr8Mi~lUi(l:!'!srmsl:i~L!lI~(ms '!llro,\!gb fulherslreiil.glhe~edi coopemuon.

!(2)l?iropooe btlil~ilThS ill]) an As~an Trahrui~g NeLw,ort~o exdlSllL.g.~itnfQnnalio!Th ool~cemi:!'!g I:!'runi~g. <iClI:hd!l:ies. and ~ol!ln;esa'\l'a;j'lalllein eaeh ,co1:lin:llry wllruhirn. l:hel1i~ltwQrl!:~

1(3) TM!t;rS shioo]d be: (urtbertrnj;mcd h)< .mn;pr-o¥~ the quaru~t~ o:fl:rai:lIJl~ng OOI:lLilngelll[,. ,efls!J]d~g ~e ,qowhy ~~. df.ecUv,eness G!f ~ini~g courses.

,( 4) Es,Ul.bU:sl'led Il:ralmi~g progra:m:s :siho:uIM! be s.bifted tol :h:ow to el'lab:lc;: rice sde:n:I:.i:~lts IlOmQ~ im])idl.y a!fid beuergrolSi!l1 th!~I;il!re-.£~ tecllin~~ogie:s<lf!dmemllXl!sin rice researd:l.

Inllie near flll'tl!l re, (he lndniing ceueses lof ;~Small·scalJe Paddy field Eanu Mac:l:!inery fior Asian. COlll [Iuies", ''Tecl1~:iqlll.e of Growing sa:rong Ri:ce Secdlilllg:s 1!!,s~ng Mtlhj-eff~t- Trirol~" a:nd "'J;~ybrid:ruoo" are; [l)lbImed aJld will be s:poIJIi8or.ooi DylRRI bd!lu:;CNIUU .. Theprim~ pre~~iof! 'work fnr U!~ CQ!.!:rnCS ~'s b~i~g i!!!~def~en.

I1Jti S'cliIs;siolnl O'f eN A FU (Ch~na) Pre.sentaitii,Cl!mi1 J)ih·vakat; C'~ YOIl elal]oli3:00o:l'!! yO:l1lil' p:r:oposed Asia

Trtl!in~ng Netwonl-? WllIlal is the ph.i1ose~hy t~'bifl,dI i,l?

Y~nglhuli~~1bettetwo:l'k w~n prlOvidelll.do:nuJ[ll for ~cI~~g.c oif ifl{O:!lllll!ni:ln Qn!, Wl:ffi~ng eXpe[iellces <11'1(1 [perfmps,. researeb aC(~'!I'ities· !3!ul!Cl[li!!:paiflk[patif.lg OOIJ!IUde&.

lamJll)c~~ Who ils th.em.ajo!i c:liellite]e of y01!I!!" u:aiflin1'! p:rogtml?

Y'IlII!gU:a~g:: cUp u.nUI now. (l!lJ:y sci,emwllS .ilfldex~eIM;;i(ln jJeop[e;. :r;kl f3mlers.

S.ing~!: .~ y01!]!I"pro~ed ~.c'lWQ]'k:aI:5oiocl1l!dt'i !flIi~iflg on liJ)'il'lIJl:idriJoe?

'Ij'll!lfIgll:an.g.~ Fo~ 1ad;; OfC1!Ulm. f:u~F(ib!'id Rice 1"~!iJif!g Course is conauCJ!:ed mmll]Y wi.tblb,e coopcm.~:iom. oflRRI.

DIw.nb:l:'~ Any runpul f"om mRI 0:11 the Asi,ID1 Tmlfltflg NeIWo[k?

:W .. fhen.y; I ]~j.::e me~d!(;la.We M:ve UKlugl:l~ ~OiU UWJefo:re.

Perl18ps,we 'CD !..'Ilk abe[Jt it WJ:d1 :rn.a1k.eita re.aW:y.

S~t1!GJlI~ How dio our :gWQII)IP bem get ~~Qc;iau~diilll. a'IlI ruruan 'fraalfl~ngNCi[:wQrk?

M a tibeJI~.lii We: w~n ,hil'lve m dJete~ine lnililal bere ~tllhiis conference. HOIIWl:'l:Vler, we''II'egiOt. w, 00 rc8!]~s;lic" Mil!lfOO w~ C~ (l;(p~d tl!!iI!l~etwoN ~o ~ilIcih.!d~ other commMitll~S cspec:i:a]]y in (be ;mea o.f t:rai.fI!i~g ~a~et~al~ d!eve:IIQP!~~t

Country Hsport Ion "The Current Status and Future Dlrectlons of Hiee-related

- '",' ~A' '"'M

Tralninq Proqrarns m Asia

IDir" S .IK •. Mo,tnanty*

~lnCOO1'f}8, Head, ExtensJon, communication. anti Trai:nlng .Division, Cent!:ai Rfcfi:R~:soorch tnst~hJte'. Cuftack" tiNDJA)

Cu rrent S:U:ltU$

The ttaining is,rul.in~g~ru pan and aJ:1~o .an. rntptlnoot :bl~tfo.r <'my develol,p'mcmOO! I3Iclivity. 'T~~l~ng aJw;aysaim.\s::Il n.pt"Qiv.inil'!, I?IiOres'~~on~ co:mpeteo!De" (If !he i,1l~e;rvlC: ,pe(SoI!~el .fOf ,d~tilCli'\ie b'ansfer of 1!;ec!hlUloTQgy lro the (aiilMn,g OOJJmltllJluy. ArlY tmitling WOll[(I 00 efliecli ve :poovid~d it Is b~(J on sy:s~cmali,c a:IlSCSSQ:fUI;[ll 'of aai:niug need. A Ilajjl:l~n!looed Jsa gap Ithflt exists 1:l~'lwo~:nll1e kJ]jowledgel an,~ sk lll ora ~e!fSonl1e,l ~d ,his job re<!,~ifem,ent

-VanOllllS, uallnl'i:ng, [p:iO!l,mm.s.3lre; ool'lJduc!oo in Cellliall Riee Re~;l!!'cb ~~s~:itllte ro train l[]Ie u-aJ!le'rsireSleag;',che:rn iQf .Easternl [ndia $WJ@lil,mos,tl.y, TIle vc:ry objiecti,v,e, of ~e.se Wii~l~g, proll:mms, ~s I~O kecJp ~['herna,b,rea~! w~m lJ],e~3Jrest Fief; p~,odtlc[iol!~' ItCl~hnol@&~e:s. d!lilv,~:lol~(1 by CIllU. I, Ttwse trainees ,co:nsis t of S lllbJect: Mm~eg; Spoecllal lst (S,MS), AgrU.c'l!Illurii E:ut::[lsiolll, orno:::rs {,AEO)a:JlId AgtriiclJhJlj~e OffiOL;:f.S {AO). of S l.'ti~ dcpartn:l~:nts. After icomplelnl.]E! Ithe training p:rQgr;tm. meoo Uai~oos I~ t~m~iju l'I¢ tocalfie~a !l'i:JWlcU:onarles ,'iz~ ViU3ge A3riclUlhJ~alWOirkcH's (V AW) <mdF::;m11Jers. ..

The Cf;ll1oca.l Rioe Re"scarch JnS:lilllu!e issilllla:led 100PN ~alt.hl.u;Je,,,uln allilJUde of2.3 Min O:.!tWck, which is in I:bemah'l. bear;! ()if me £:ice: beh ·of IMi;t, T.lli S[[ISfjl[l~ is direcUy!:mdllr I:headrm ililistrl!ltion QfIndi;'l!1l C()1l!l1!ci~ ofAgrictdnnil ReOOMc;!b whid:;h~sa p3illt of N:ni:onal A:gric~H~mlResearch Sys(em (NARS)I.

'The ttllln~f!g divis:ion of CWU has '[ Senior SdClllist,. 2; tiocl)rOO.lJlcti,o[l T:rrunil'lg AssisUlIlI:8" and '2C1!imeF;;!I])l!~Il. tAl1is~, 1 S~c:nog,~phc:rWld 4c S IJP]'l'On.l:~g SiL"Iff. :R~sQli!rce ,,~rwIUS from. vatiou~ disd,pUm~ sliIeblis Agroll:o:m.y,. SOiiID Scie~~c: &; M iCl"ob i ology .Pllllllt B.recdi~lg &. Ge;~eticJS" r,m:ho~lo,gy, E!lillto~nology ;P~~mill Pihyskn~o~y, .liIJid Agricl1~lUrm Erlginccr.ing[~f1dC'r Ihei~ If;l);penl,s,e to lU;;;urlecs {iyringllie c()orse on:ndning, Sde!UislS w{,HikwllS ~IJI 'i:Imlsfer offtoct:II!lQIQliY priOj,ect {Lab 10 L:.litld IP~graJ]lune, Ope~ooo:l1ru: Reseillidl rmjecl~' rlrld Orl·:~amt Reseali'dh 1"r".i,tI!l.) also render mei, vj}l~~b~e service lQUn(;lr<tln.e~s (lUf]O,g (he; (raining, eoarse.

COlUloemi ngpbysi;cal.facUi[ie s for ninifll,g.l:ke Instil!:l~e has 1 siP~cio!:lls modcm type CCmfe~H)eHall. w itll a :nOffie

sln.oec·s.:b3!ped...mllirefiu~d ~ble. TlIi,s Cmlil'erenceHill Is airoolii:~it1clll~d.. In I3iddhillofl 00 lIruis,. an :aw:1iwrillm hYing 11 g;llJltil!)' system is also a wHaole :fQf cpndm;ul:Igll'ajning eourses, Th~s. Ilrus:~~l!I:~e bas 1 U~'S H'olire~ wlLb 15 do'Ub~e bedmoms and ~. F'~crs' Jtos~el wilhl 1 0 dou'b~e: rood! ~oOms. l'minee.s SUI1~Oilin mese Mst:e'l:s: 1J9I)J1ei facil:iti.cs to W8!liCbTV ;1IDCi ~ead newspapers and jpo;p!tl1m mo,glll!ZilJles.

'A~ :farn-asn:m:irnJII!.g ~qyipillne;[lt.is. cORoemed,lhi:s l'l,aiDmg divisiolnl bai$, ls[id:ePf{lj,(;c:~,OfS.. 2. OHPs wilb :2 :screc]ls, ,comp1elC .PA L:IIId:n:, p~ai!n~~per' 'co;piic.r,. dtlplic::atiog miac'him~. VCIt, .. ~TV.

Budget fortlile t:rai.m.ing pro'gra:mflQws f[!'"{l1ml (1 )D~fflciQral~ ,of Ex;~e'!Ths~O!n (2), U[rect.ora:~e of Rice Deve]o;pmem (3,) SutllE:fj,aIlk of :~fld:iil! wbkh .!l!I'.~ ~1UI(h~'r ~l~ NARS :s:ys~em. Tn cerLain)l1earn •. 'D~k l)ell'e~()lfl:melil,t Officers wo.fkingiIlH.ITall!ldCQmtnand,areasofOrl:s~ Ym:J~rgo u~~.~.ll1g at thii,s: ~li1stiU!l~e fOJi ~.~2.~el pcnod. A~~t f:~m U~is there h~ppen8 to be itlbeflmv of bl[dlg.et fr,ollii lAEA. 3fld TrEe (Minisay of E,.~:emm AJJmrsl' wbkih. ls um:le.r I.h,i::m:AJl:.C system. - This l:Jl:s,tH~,le «lceives '!faJne~ fro:Ln o""er:se-.a8 COLIn tries, vruz.., :K:o:re<I, Viern.Mn,. Camoodi;a,. China and the :Paln~pp:i]le~, for tOl)gool1:!lniniWl,Q. OOumeS'. ... •. _

Th~ d'~~liQn of I.IllieGo~rw depends OIl th~ ol)jecttveIHI:f '!he course .. A.cooroding]y. sboll'i!: Uerm ru:ulruotlg lC{ml mraj![I[[I:!! eeueses are organ~l.;Cd a;~ this itiSliU:ne:. If me: ~[Js;ti~lIlI~e 'WarJil:.'i ~o "efl>e.~I~ [hekflowkdge~f1 various aswcu Qfri.ocpIJodYGUon inc]~dif!gn~w liec'll.~o[ogy de:~h1P~d. Ule~ sbort tenn C()ill!:rnc~ of .~ ~2 weeks ,dJl:lrnliorlllI~ ,of,~11..edi11lI.he mffiddle of th.e crop se'$OIll (0 e:nO";!bk, nilfU;lif)S m beTl:e:ri( with e."peri:mems.U l[!h~ ]ru;I~ll.l'le w~[J1IS m ~mpm: more :prac~ca1kr1()'wJeJ!jlge 'ro~e lmirle:es, the:lQ, long b"lI'1:11, aainingcortllLsir..s !l1'eorg:aIl~zOO w~ ich ,co,yer;}. [un crop season (e~mer.l(Il{lr!for l?abi s.e~()rnl). In long [c,rm. lJ:.ai.ning eourses, Ilhe tra.1IIDcts . are ass~g Ill,edfi.eld experime.[!~.or!lfeei:lhOu8ee.x~rim~~ it! add~tiu~ro.r.~~(j]i1g lhc(xry 'C:~Mse.S:~;Y a~tend~lligl1llese m[i]Ji:n;g rolll~S., [H.e bJamec~s not ordy {~I:'!().st~.y e~~(:)i:'!S:;iI)!I\ 'p~~onflels!)f IJl~ Stale Deparb:riieWl~) :ge-t:oollfid'el1:oo[() U1~~]eCicldproble:ms.~~ia:te(.J W~dl nee f~l~!,!g. bl.u .. a!so dJeve:lo'p a beU~ll;)~de:rstalldlm,g of the oom;:epl ofllDeman:ElgemC:J[lt sy:stem Md inte'!lil'll![fl~ CI)Op t!l!!:ib1l!'l~ry 3i.lJpro.ac,h .•

Mby v:iUa.8IC: Agricuih'i.ua!. Worken b~ .P.((lgtressi.ve ~CfS flOOm dUlerel'u swe:s oif~M I~Oill!~vy oo~e· faf U:aJ!;!i!:t!lIg a;ndvisit. program.. Tbey spend :2 ,days in IriS I[lSli~ule eut of w.b!;cbl~Jare:g;iY~ mfomThalim! Q!i!: ri;ceP!'Od~iCli(ln ttcbnQ1Q\I1:Y ,on ll!laiy and lIlley are taik:en mlil:n,d] Ule !ex~r:imelilta:lficildls.bd m~OO!ilmOi!lJ lie next d~. fioom~y. :agrlol:llp d:i:scl!iSsio~ IS arna:Hr8.ed.

.M .PU liem~~or m:.m\J!ai~eo:l'lhelfisUttlle. emu bllfi d~ve~o.~ ~ew prOOu~mfio:nli leebillorno:gjes for rai[lf~d ~as or E:a:s:~m: India an.dlimlga~eda:reaso:l'EMtc[fi and Nooo.Westem lod~a. l'QPpriori~y for ~.e new (.ecbing~:Qgy(h~!,1\~~@ped fig, mlWl:red areas~s gi;venii:L1!Id nex~; ~:l'iiOri.lY~S li~!ru~Q ~m~ltei!l ,~. 'Keeping Ib~silll. vi,ew,. CQlJrse OOIIl~ents Me- rimmed on vMi,eta] imp.l.'Ovcme;!i!ll fOir IdUfere'!JIl~ crop eco,8ystJeln Q]I~!i!ge.e!llt. c~p prol~cI:iJO~,fannmachi;l'I:erile~, .pJi'lxlucliolll pbysi:ologY.flllesspib.yswO]O:f1. fllnfi~!1I!tl!!1lfWagem~l!lI~ with ~IDph:lis'~ll g:~~.roQlu:i.ng a:n:d bklJibrtllizCirs, Nc¥enhelC'SS tmin;oo.s are *oke,'~:a~twilh lJ!ps~emresear:cbprogAmS ·~ifz.., .by~fid dreand IIisSi\1e eI:lJ~!l!!I"e: tech;~l>Q:l:!es.

M'aJor prCl,b~em sand 'C'Oli'llstnlliin1ts, 'oflli1le traiiniinQI p:l:'\oglr.am

MajoJ rorus.wm~l~ of tbeuaiitlrung :progfalm,S, cam. be da:ss;j r:i~ {nltQ' '3 f.atc:gQri~s;

.. bllldget

!!< il!l:f~l'I1I!!!ctl!re :a!:!d hMdw~ (l,evdopmElut .. ni!II.imJg starr

Al'!a1l!;cj~~ s!.l~pon ~ceh'·ed f~Qm dliff(lre~~ .€l:mdin.g :agencies Uililder me N A_RSsySil.em.isfio~adetIDlliiiUe ~.o, meet.l~e varim.:l$ kam:ing needs:;md at tbesame ItimenQ.u ilillmCUVe <Il!so ~o:m(l1iv~oo 11faJ~0S ttl OQme from a.,:UsWl~.~lla'Ce. SQ~el'i:mes '(he: officia!~ from Direc~of<nes of.A,gncawi:ttloo o:f:nC>e· :giffiiIWiJIlg S'IlaI'e$ dO'~Qtwm ~p d~u:: ~(!I ~r$OillW PfObl~:s er mea:ger fI:nrulCial support anJdl(o:r~iP'OfM:orlflg officelS ioo.Y·el:eSefV3:lio,11J l'O relieve sullro~in;are officers as l!he wurk h~ ~le fi:e~~ s~ffers. :Wml:3id(lqiiil'o'l~e~lIl:rad!s ~fefl:hcemo'lilj]:illy ,of MMJ ()if ()i~eJ: researebmL$'l.iwl~.e.s,!md Gail fa!'!:l!l rose1l!!"C1Th shes.

~[rlsliu~~ doeslllo~ y~t bave a mtlfling .mom. will!b, necessary fM;iliUes fbara 8m-all group of 1~3ir!!:~,s OO~20i). SQ '(bJe ~acbiml, .meIhMs,.v.i;l..., :Iecrlllr-.e&. d:iscus:siiolllS, ud case $tl:!di~lU1e take!!! urpil!l Ilebiig-Sli!ied oo!'JJfc:re~~e hailJ. O~:r uatmiln,gpeir:sOnneilir:amp((lb~em!i ~Il dev,e,lo~iilng, goM uaining mal1i:I.'i.A'l8 in Ilhea;bs~Thee of a color prooessil!lg~!~~t.. vi!(JJeo ~!)~pm01lit. :sUd!e. dllprn~Galor,. andla.sar prilnlleli. .

Shortage or n.ining stMf. vi~,l:I:mflil:l.l!, speci:aJJsil.S, ti'lIlilllill1lZasSOcialtes,3IDld tecl1inkal 1L1ldi aJdiminis~Ili'!,l'e: staff liS lreatlly f~ml.

Antiic:i pated :lInd need,e,d eli! Binges ill'll the' tr3ihilli n9 p'n>g ram (lIver next 6: yea'rs

I.I!!I f~r1!.!re. QIl~cITilpbil!Si8 w~ww bell1i!'Qlldi based. it win res~ o~Fice-· bued C'ro~pilnwrarm.ingsystemS~Q .~11ac~ of o~ly a doe ti'aii!:!~!:lg prograrnJ. Jn 'I.he. net;: traiti~ng pl1o.grnmme,majOif ,emn.p(hiliS~:5: wUI. be o[lle!c~m1ol.ogks d~ve<lO[)ed fOJ"~n:lledand Wil!~rloS8:00S:iliu,atJjmils.. We a:rea]lSio,v.eryOiiD~:istic WM fl!llllIDr(l~n~!'Ig p~@g~ w{l~ld be: ~lIDppJ~(\!'!.(ed witb bei~iWt l:ta~f!~Q:S lIUlalmals by ·alilgmc,111Lll1i!gf:in:am;:;ia.l rnow~1l 'lIlIis VIlI PI:m of tI!l~ OOI!li!ury.

tO~scIUissi'OIlilOf rCtR!RI (lrn:di al, PresentaliQ Ii1

M·~baHII:y~. .sh~vak(;dh

M.oI'I:a:nty::

J"[[Q~ieh

.IIamooW~ M>!lI~!l1iI1y:

jI:atme;.e~:

Mo!h(ilnty;

How !co:l!.!ld: Y(Hi! ane:vl,~uethe (lQf!straili!'!~ OIflaell; (If mul1~rs?

We: bape~@' 8e[rnorn pos~edl ~!i! 01111' S-ye-ar D~M!. Wby did !he numl)e!f o,r farmers partie~p.u.i:;. ~n YOUir ooUirse decre-1liSe1

BecauStl Qf la{;k of (illmdiing,

Uow jsil~poSisible ~o 'I:rnifil! a~atll,emmnJOO:[o!l' :persm;I!r~.el fl:1am .)I\@!lr o~:u:!!:u:m')'1'

'he Ilililm.ben and Silates Dflhepattici~_ts. Me ~t~m1imed by the ~griJc:yllW!m dle.~MmU~ru.1'ihI~ :!lIlII:mbelr [per OOUif.ie lis: rgSually ([(1m 10-20.

How IC~ jl'O:~II!~!iI oO!nDle;oo 1[h,cl:l:allif!~n:ll:'Quktly? [~ ~s lI't'lailly ilnllpos.slb~e ~f:or us u~ .aiD suicfj iii. ]81'g~ ~rot!p ill 3! sho~t ti!~e.We expect ffll!f ooU!rsc; :p.rutidprun:s 11.0 trrulsmh WeklH.owroedge :g~1ed 11.0 ll!!eilfC!l(~!ui1or! Qfficcf:S.

U' ·~.mayadd,. Il3jJn~mg ~5 (Jom,e In ilISSoc;iaIiOll, w'i:lh tJue'froiilili1lJig: and Visj~ Ass;i$um~e>Fulild from. Wod~B:a~k. Di!lect.OlfS<, d!e~ul!i~s"a.ssi8taW!t d:imieClUR. ,etc., M>ebaioJJ.glilttogetllellin.ili wo!rli:sbop '1.0 d~~n;lWiIM~: w~ic.IiIl!l1i!ll~~!!!g w~n 00 offeretJ. A18o~ ~cie[l(ilsil!S go, at01!Ind ~o do, slm!'eys 0:11. lnini!f!g :IIIeed:S.DiffCirent~J'lSlUi~lmL1o!lls ~:SO! ~1]3J!! lU!eil'{lw:!l! U'ai!'li,~.g IIlmgrn;m:!Wlles.

What-is YOllmrs,Y$tem of knQ,w h~lg wtfle:lher dl~ SMS ba,ve trmliled. If1UiTI1U~jrn 0'.1' nod nleC()!!loemed .",g~mcics tUlive a resD@li!siiibi~hy of mCIIlnlilJOri:ng. l!!hle imiP~eme[lrnJl:io,noi Ilillill~ng_

Is Y0i!!!' 'T.&:V sysliern tCQntinlj,!il!1lg?

Yes.

Current Status ofDlrectorate ot 'Riice 'Res9,arch 'T!ra,in,iing on Hlca Production Technology tn lndia

~ P't:f'flr;1p:a1 Sci:enh"St' (Agrfc,ull'ural ,ExtensIon) ,and N:ead ~Sci'enlisls (Agrir:ultf.lraJ Extension). C-ommunWa~ion am} Traini~'{} Ceficre" Dif'8CtOrotS ,of Rice' R8s.earoh:,

~ " ," ,,' A .... ,/." ",', " r..IiJNilifHal!Ja(j Indii'fJ

na;efh.uP_j~gar, """"_' __ .. _,t ' _. ,.

Iln:~lio(:h.ilet~!OIMl

Rice ~s tilernajQr staple (ood crop, (Jifrnmio:m~ ilIl]ndia w:i't,b, mO~le wrul4]~eooell~ shawe l:1)J WOOJ! food glllio p~d~cLio!~,TIlG rk;c: ~iI'oductlQn ~Il Indiia wm';re.ru.ed fmm: ame~gtl:l' 2!CL5 81i1I11i:n, 1950--5'110 '74.6mt in ~9'90 .. 91. ~'m orderliO :m.aintrlnlits, s,elJ{. sufficiency Staill!lS. lind la :bas m ,!jli,rod1iloe 10Sm~ by2m:m A.D. CoM,idieriing W~ s~ow ~~ce orf'grQwU!, :iQ, (ibepRsl~ ,atInJ!evrung me ricelPH)d~dwo:n~eil byllie tuf'!l! ~r~e oef!'~l.!:lY i$~oiQg,ro be a ~en:;!.!]~ task. M1i,Icb 'ofl1ii!1'l ll'liCfease :in rkle; ~roClllcLiQtl :h.i lhel1G 'W3,s, IcclilbiilJ:u'le~ ~i1i:he: Img<twj,eOOS\lj''SllCm. 'nl~S bas 'lQ be,cQIn so~id!lJj~d omde;xpanded •. ~D m<liflmin '~e:pre&'lllll pllC:e ofg~owdh .•

The j oib ofe,x U!1ISiol[J :~lJn(;UonMies Is beooming inc;reasiflgl.y diff'i:c.\:IU wilh(h~ .shri1ilJldngrGSlQl.lf'C~' has-e. I~e\l"ging, ~ew .~S!t 'Iloob1emS!lnd co:m'pHcat,e~ package of pr:8lcn:ioes U) IOV,e1'OOm:el:hem. TI!efo~e of ~n~tlgi:!! v~y Icruci~ ~l'! pref~ll,g ·c'Xl'ens[O[! per.sQ]l;J]:e] 'lQ flllc.e me: pl)!)b]ems a>ld,~ll~(le (;anme;,m plJ\omJ~dy~1'I ifl!Creaswngllliicipa:odlJJclivU:y 'of rilce.~n orderro ,h,a£Um th~ ,process of tecb[lo]o:,gy limn!S(iflr by .redll:u::iI'liS we infiormarl1on, g3J,P bet,wt;.""e!'! 'lI.."Chnolo{lY g~.eratnQn .system. ru:!(j.lexter!s<iol!!,g.yswm. lhe·Co.m.m!,![I~cati,olil and 'fl:Si:1lh1~g C(lr.I(~ WiiI!S e.Slmib]i~k~dil1l 11Ie.1),i:rectomw O,f Rice Rese.ard'i (DltR), lI)om:terJykncW:!i! as· Aru~ [~diaJ O:)QlldJilli~d Rice lrnprove'nn:e~l[ pwjC(;(,. at rnEuiOl:lalley.e] ~1iI tJl:e, year 19?~.

Com m I!Iniica!iiQlnan d TIr'.aI~ n illn.gl >Cen~er

The CQmDlllnlcaHon OWltill '[millilll,g Ctntre (crc)1 0,( the: DltR as aspec;iaill~l~ wing is t!.l~(;li(ul~ng w~dlI the main objeeli ve o:fim:paniling u~cd~basedamld sk~~I:"o:r:ien~M trai,n~r'lgolili vanoll,s ~p0CtSOif :noe :prodl.lcU.o'l'l Ito exte;Ji!JS!o'll penoone:l ICif Stalte: .argnc!:!ll[Jlijml d~partm;~n:I:S. !1t was Iwcogniz.'ed <1;S, !he: A~v.ced "f[m]1i~tl.(;~~er(A'TC) cmruce ~y Ithe 'DimclOrnl!e Q:rE::I:~c.Jnl$i()ll. Govemmellto(~:Jgdia. New D\e:~b] ~n tlte, YCM 19S9·8~:li. The. A TCQn m.ice brcoadiy talers to the: lfa:i!'li~greq!i!i!1m'le!ltsoif S1i.!'tJij(lClt Maner S~~ia'lislS (SMSs} a!Ji],d is:uMi,yi;s~O[laJ!se:l'lio't leve;! exte~:!l,iiO!IDfmu;:Uo'!il:.ad~ in various ~ro""indallslta(e: a;gric'i!lII'uir.liJl dicpilJlmel:i!ts.

Object:ives

The main Ob~ec~vesofi:h,e Ilt.lln:ing progr:ams ofIh.e :[)iireclOrare of Rlee Researcbafeasfonow:s:

!II lOassess 'iiIflCIJUem. stalus ,of :p('Obl:ems and. cO:IU~l:rml'lts Um:il:l!~g rite :p:rod.ll:C~]O:n. ~nlh:~ oouin:l:ry;

,j ~o .i:mpM ~e, latest k1!'!owledgc: Inti :li'kn~s im! dee pr'Od!lc!~io:n., Pf1!1IJeCtiJ:liQl, rul(lllllim:aJ!emelll[, p.racl'i:ces~

.~. to de,w-eklp ;S:kiU~: iltl prc:paratiQI!I QflQcaiIJo~ :spccifiic 3!c~won p~ans (IJi,rirce'~il"()I~U c:tiQnl.l.nd pmlec:tion tecln:nI!O~ggy;

• to pro'v~de oppor!:Il'!'litl:es fot ®cie;~H8LS<Uilde)l'lensio!l,. wO\rk:e1":5 U)I ba:ve faoc~~o .. raQe intCJrn,cH'Qn 11fl,~dienHfying sohn]ons t!:llhepmhle:ms offioe c~hl~tatl(ll:! matdecSe;~e au.e'llli:ol'li~

.' ~o discll:ss slfOng andweat po~~ns. of pr(lVeofi riee .~iI'gd!,!t;!lQnlOCh!lology wi!.ha vh:w [t!, provi!de fe~dhncJ:

I!.O merese21'dl S<:~lejJrltis~Wld

• ula:pprnisepoUcy ~ll~lkcrs and sch::ntis'[:S 'on the: aOlU!l~I:I~~~U;veru:Jd Iled:u:lo]ogy fOIlStrnilil:ilS respecU vely, i:n transfer ofri{i~pllodIlGtio:n, w(:lrullio!ogy.

Si~loe t~e 1!t1:ce,ptlo.1iI of ctC,. gO tmil1.1w.g oourses.! wo~ksl'!!ops were o:ll'la:n:i.~l}d,a.:nd. ~.J.B7 ex~ns~Qnf~:n:c:ti(lflamt~s of slate de'partmem:s o[agrklllitu re, :State ~g!fi.clJI~uwral, l:1I:live<rs[d,e.s ~md OII!E!Jo~~np!'![agen:d~ we:ro 1t,mj:!lOO. ParoCyhml O:fU'l.l!lllli:llg COtll:St:S imldil'll1mber or paruGipaiJillS m~ g~1Iie4n, llil antl(ix [,

O"'lllf tbe y~, the CC'IlLr!e i!$grow!'l 110 :s;i2le, In ~pc'Ct oifsc:ie:nti.fkman.lIDwefud m~snimdecsi;11J yarie~J oifac'nJiv~tiJe~. AJS,OI the eemre Wlas gai:uuz~ am:ple ~:!;;perijenc.e ill lie CQ:nd!:!ct of Varl@IU~ ~e;ed~b~d lfo,lir1il'lg courses.

~um a n Ir'0S0U rCI8S 31vaU a'bl~le for trai ning

Th~ SC:ic~iI1lListsor DRR 'w'lw ,9K: eflg;Jg,e~. ifllea~ l\eseawclliJ and oooroi:n:atiIlJ!l of :multnocational trials IlIL dle I'l<lJtiOl'lai le: .... el iIIorm W~ reseurce f~clJl:lY :for uain]~g 1~liog[lUJ1s. .oRR. has 55 s.ci.enlisl.:s ~n the foUowin:s disc:i~li~e,s,. I1.~~.illlg ~.d Var:i~ta1J J:mfp:roll,l'e:m~l (]2)., All;ro'r1om)" (6). Erl[ortl,ol.o!lY (8:), PatllOiogy

(1}. pihysi@rn@gy(3).HybridRioe(3,),SoH Sctel1ce ~6), Statt$tic.s (2~:, Agr::i.Cyrull:lf1'l1&o;nlmn~cs en. :mOl A:gmiiCl!dhlral. E~~e[ls.iOinl (4)t. Th~ res01!Jroeracl!iIl~}' have wid'El.knQwltdgc.md e:ili:perienC'e i:ml.h:eill" .liC-$peclive dru~dplines,TIile ~iCIl~IM'S regaroi~g I!~ q:~Ia!lificO'l!ti,o!ils a~I1,~ar,ea@!' .s,~1ali .. ~t£@n Qfllhese !'emlllr"Ce scie'lnists ate g~venl 'beTow ~n TabJe 1..~liladdi~io!lJro (h,e..fl1Kl!Jruty m!f,lmJbt:r.;.Q:I'.DIUt.l.hlegl;l~l.$pc~C'l"S olllSl~iaU7£d subjiejcl!S ~ imvitedfro:m. ome,r fese:M'CI~ il!i.S.Ulute.8. 3Uild agriooll!i!i~ ~niv~ilyIQCa:t~d lilli, H.j1iO!emkitll!~.

Bl'fltgc1m!JJ.fagy

IID!'. N.F. Sieo'n1'ol,. M.Sc., Ptd) .• Prrn.d~scre!fl~s't .& Pr'ogJfal'n lood,~r Mr. SJM. BalE!d!~d/E!n', M,S~,., Sc;lenUM

:1Df. V.V.Shll!FICJy.~.Uli!C,.! l~n.D., Scre~~i!it

G1!M1;'l~alld fJpQsdlng

Mr. J.A.K.Rao, M.sc:.Jfl~lnc~paJSo1entiM .$ HM.dI lOr. U.F!irmadaJ RIl,Q, M ,s.c, ,Ph.D. SIr'. $~Iilll$t IDr. K.lIl." HHkii!illl. M,Sc •• Ph;D •• Sf .Sci!:!:Il~!01

'Dr. H.SMbh.1!i IA;a!I"Ii. M.;Sc" Ph .. n,. Sr. Scion1islt ID!'.Sitlliv Kuma!',Jf!,M'l~\. ~h,D •• SclQll~S

Mr, !1L;\I.Su~ba Rao, MSc"Soientist

Ms., 'G. Padllr!a\!',athl.IM.SC •• Scl!Em~$1

,OHM V!J~a. ~m~, M.S-c •• Sc~an~~t

T!I~thQ!J Ram, M,Sc, Plfl.lCh, SciEl..i'lU$t

HYbridR~

Of 19;(;. VirSik\WlilS!U:i, M,Sc,. ~I!!.C., S~. ,SC'ial'lti!it Mr .• iMend, m'of~~ MmEld, M SC;"SI' .Ssi$il,'!iM

M. R0096!iha. M.se .. Sc1m~~I:

:fEilklmlJtogy

Dr. IK. Kr~~hn.airlh, MUSc .• Phl,ID_. ~rindP!llSCiilflli~t. &. Hilad Or.II,C.Pa~I:U. ,r;.tSC'~. l~h_D_, Sf'_ SC[8!ffllisl

Dr. IM,V. K:rlshl'ls.'lah, M.&; .• PI'l.lO.,., Sr.Sclelflitis!~ Dr, .:ilS. BGnwr,. M,Se· •• flhJCI., ,Sr. St"le:l1tlS:1

Dr. J_8.Pr,:!Isalll~ ,'I.UiiG, •. P.h_D" Sf. SiQiaiillist (N~~tui!nl'loaog(i!'l' M~. Ii.. Aslio:'k 1F!$Idd'y, M.S~., $clenUS:1 . Dr, IF'.K. Si'iiilMl9, M.Se~. lPih.D. :ScieMls'l

Flam P<!fhQfQQy

Dr, A.P.,K. R~, M,Sc,! l~n.C., PtiFlCl.pal1 S!!iiEiIil~$t& 11H1~ Or. 8. VgnlGlm:lm~n. M .Sic~. Ipill_D •• Prifici\pal SCiisFitis!

Dr., Iir!:JMLffaJid!ifJeT\1!lI, M.Sc •• Ph,D., Sir. ScieRlist

Or., .A. Gll0$11. MI,~. PtLC,. Sr, Soiel'!lIe~

Dr .. IK_ Sl'lItyanruay3nB, M_Sc., Pin,I)., Sr. Sere;n~$I:

DI'. 'C. SadalslvO!J fh~ldd7y" M.S(I •• P<h.D .. sr .. Scla:n~sl Or, P.C, FlrrIddy, M.S<;·., !Ph.D •• Sr. Sci:e:rlUsl

AgiIlOnO'm'-Y

Cr. K.C. P~IJal. M,Sc:.., p.n.D .• Prt!lcI:~EiI SdanU~t & H~ lOr, :13.'1. Sllh'bOllah. M.Se~. Ph.D., Sr. SOiBii~Sit

Dr. P.k'iI1ishnall!'!l.!iI'!h,y, M.Sc., ,FlIliLD •• SCI9.rllisl:

Cf.5.,P. Singl1~ M.Sc .• Ph,ID" Sr, ·S~;flfjM

Dr. FIL Mamlnoor Ku:rmlru. M.Sc,. Ph"D,. Sci~mJU~t Ms, IEI.Sl\9ede!l!'i., ~.Ul\c •. S>dllil1~isl

St:iifSd!S'Il09

1Df. M. M'ar"van~ Reddy" MI.Sc, •• Ph,D, Sr. S(ilsl'l~sl Mr, K.V, Rat!, M-Ss, .• :Sr.SOien~s~:

[Jr, D.K, Ktln(lu, M.Sc .. Ph, D,. ScileniWs:l. Or- K. S~m,lkh<'l_ f!,Uc,. Ph_D .. Sci'el1~st

~Wll!flfll Engfrt~~

Mr. K. Rama Rlto, IB.Tilrn (HonS~"P!ilt:!c1plaii S.cl'Q.!i!U$t '~Ag~I(;i"II, IEiii!.l:liOO Mr. iMm~ G- Pn!illIS:f9ch\. $cillnlist

Mr. G.A. Aamakri$n!'la. M'IlifUW. 8,lech:, Sclaf!U~~

Plant Physiof.agr

Or. V. :SaJi<I!subramarLlI@f!l, M.Sc., Ph,D., Principal: SciOl!l~sl,& Haad Mr. C, ~e~~~~. M,S"., Sr. S~!i!llji~t

Dr. ~Mrs) 13;, IPad!fi!!aja Re_ol M,S~.,. Ph,ID',., Sr.SSientlS:1

SI.atJislii'c,s

Mr. AI. V. Fiia.o, M.SC) .. ,(AgII'tS~8/U, Priflolp:alSoiQ:n6st 8; Head Dr. C.SiI.i'!)'be! Rao. M~:S~!., Ph.D .• SQi~~$i1

Mr. AI.. .:iafJ\!'!1ati" M.S~.(49~JgL Ie!OQilQmic$), $~nll:~1

TfanS(Qf,f}t' "j\1l~alQgy

IMr'. ~abrr Sill!lglm, M.So,!P~lneTpaI Scieritisl. ~1C:Xltft~1 Df M~I Scali'll, M.:sc" .~il:l_D_. $icrfllnlf!SI. t~nlmr!l.l' . Mr,B.S,rN, 'R!Sdd~, M.S¢·.,S()[~~'$llE:~.)

01. (Mrs,} N. S!l!nC!~va SIle.ooy, M.Si:;" f'itI.IO., Scia~U$I: (E>M.) Mr.P _ Mililll'wrM'!!E!FI. M.A, 1(IRlwaJSoc~. M.A, 'tSoc) ·Sci!i;i'i~tt '~I[):In,)

Pil1iyshla~ 1I'E!;S'O'liJfOeS

AI. iP,re&e rH me-cre of DIm has me IforIJowins phy~;icam feSOUJY.X:S ro O(llltll:lC'l tn.i,~iug. 2. se:mi~ar halls w~tl'! :50 t:Jcats eacn, ~~. a~diwd!.!~ , .. ith a cap3J.c ity 'of :2 5:0 :sealS. 11 ibrMY, .~ recreatio;n rooim. .~ :Illmisli!ed di1!li,liI:i! ball a.~d k:i,~dle:'llI w~i,ch 'caIIlC~~U IlO~O~iOP~:e., .~. ~O$tel: w i,lihi 24· doruble bedded 'moms, eqlJllililm~~l. roO:IW!I.. ;m;m,d P:llo~o l:ab5 :and 1 posl.erh[lmt OIl1l.er fli!!cililics IlIva;i]l~lble 3!l DI~.R ~or (l@Il(h:Jc!Jng tm:lm~]llg>l!re ~jaJbm<l~orie.s,. gi,ruJ.S .h.OIll<SCS,. w.eillW rlllmis~ed,cOOil[Jl1tef ~a.b.. e-xpcr]m,e~ll~1 li<'lfllblS at. Rl1jendr~!1!fl,ga( ~H~d RronachMdmpur;;un. farm rtl1achJ I~Cry 'unJill:Mulsood p.~S$i.rn,g ~Il~ts ~n3,gricilll huml. ens~neering faOlllhy.

Pi narI!ilICii!a~ lre'$'O'Wllroes;

The main SOIlll(~e of :linOl.noe for CQ~I~U:Clli.]'n.g u;a:i~ing lPiiO'g~S ws from lhf~Dirocwr:a:!.e 'OfE:;l:lC:ns'ioinl {DOE)', GO''IlC;llfImetu of India.. IEv,eWY:rear tIiIe: Do.E sp@n~o:r.s31 or 4 p.'@gro;IDs ad prov~de:s lie cOl1lrle~c oomjJngelil:te:xpe~ldilture ~or CO~ldUiC(ii!lg m~ C~I][ses. The Wo.rld .W3,u~;k:a:loo $.ulppom $s:p6cial lzed wOir~u,hopsorl Rioe Pr(ldH!ctwOIllT~hiru:,)rlQgy ,~IiI,d;ef ATe ~llitrollg~l DOE.. The DRR. s:.pomsors 001 ruts oWl!I20.r3progtarnis. on sOme sped !.:Iil.ed~!I. Office prod~c_t1ion. Th~ CTC oot!dl!o~~el f lfiu:llllccd l~arinilngpmg~ill11IS: '10 lDir-ec~oira:te of Rice D(l.vc:]opmenl (I]RD~' .• Di~I:!iJClR!.!:!'alDeveIQlJlmC:ll~ Ag,eocy (D'RDA) •. NOi~·GQVcrnme;nml Or.g<miaillh::nllis (NG.Os). ;m~ A.gro.i npull f1gem::ies 01'1 re(.luest.

T;J.rg,et. ,i1,l!ld,iiences. [:11, an DRR lnIillling ,PW!lfams Ultil: wg'et 8U"UflOoe are :£ro:m. ~mue dcpwnelllS oJ agrh;:uhm"c" s:tiill.ie aJg;ricldmr:a1 'universities, lCAR staff in '1101 ve;din firs'~ line c:xtension prograllls, agro·il:lpm ag/Cnc:ie:s aad other v,i:)]unwy o'rg~i.za~jol1ls,. De :p!lfli:ci~M15 fClf these ceerses represent a cross sectiion of ex W'lliS ion ~c:rsorllle] .rang:l[lg fWim a.g;ricuUum] officc.rs to I'IIddltiollal, dkecl.OfS of ,3grlc!i!lII~~ from slate agrk:l1I:l[urruJ depamn:enL'i" ~S$£Sla!l1lt professors, Associ<lte profe.5S0rs Mdpr-ofe.ssOfS, wmki,ng m extensio!~ projlecfS 'of staie aJrgricuUlUral Y!'l~ ve'fSities and train in,s: a:ssistMI~S.,t.!i!.MlI3f trainers, scicllItis[S of K..rlslli Vi·gY!lIil Kiendras, (KVK s.), and Trainers Training Centre: (Ires) from (CARinstUlUtes. 11'1 addi tlen 1[.0 '!he aboy.e. ey,;,ec~:l'i ves of.agJl'O~ll}[;lU~ agencies Irem bOoth, :plJblic and privale sectors and field, level ,,¥ori:cr~, of 'vohnuaryagcllc:ies 'co:rnprise the cl ienmle of eTC tITlimfig ,mgram.s..'Illie !:mining courses aim loimlilE'Ove !lie capahilities ~mCl :I'U'ofessi.onal oompetency 0 :participanu fr,om. boUt belero gen ecl'US, ~lld h om o~e ueou ~ ~co ~:s,y Su':m.s.

]F'OCiil" The I:rnining pmgrarru, orgafl~i'.e(l bill' dle;se Dltrector-ate are m ain])!' focuscd Oil a) R:k:e Prod lliC'liollll l'eclmol'ogy rbll"~rr:i,ga'ledEh;:'og'i's,te:m; b) Rice CHIP Mal1:l'I8e:menl f'f Railllficd Upland, c) :Im.egr:iilled Pen Maml:geJ ... cn~ ilnRiof:;, d) Rh:~ba t-d Croppi'!\lg Syslem.s. e) In(,egr3te(i NllIlriclll Mam.lgcJmentil[J Rice, 0 EUJfilns~m~ and DevelopmenlBl Sltaleg~e.s for Increasing Rice Plioducdol1. and g) Hybrid Ri,ce SeiC(JProd~clh:m.

N IJI'l1be1:'S lra.hted per ,eVicnt. 1l1enillmbel: ofurnlfl~es per uai~i IlLg j;ll:ognm:l dBTers frum course 1:01 coufse...h varies rrom, ~ O~3n patdcipartlls.Gc:ncraUy • [rid ning programs are not condi:ictc;d ~f 'Lllepa:rlicipal.1ts are below 10< ,aud Itbe m~x bnUIn limi~ fQ[any U"'"diniii!l,~; pr.ogmmn is. 30. '[]Owle'%I'enhee:tperience In.oRR S!howsth;,U, 31. group of 20 piU1tk'i;!pI"lIIlls, from 1 rice ecn~ys.~m is ~dc01ll and convenient fOIi conducting a course.

Length ~cl!]il1Jr.~e d'lllt;a,t:lo~). In the eil:ff]~e'r pe:rio~. !he :5-montl1 coarse (Jill Rice P'mhJCl~ol:l Te ··I'I!1ol(lg~' (from se~d lo .s.ccd) '\VmI We :main acti\,rit.~' 'of tbc ere. 'Ihi s oourse wasmeant foi' young extension workers who e'nrorcd Ihoe~r servlee wilholuproper baekg:rnund in the subject Lwer lids pr:ogram was disoonti:n:ued due, to some ope ml.ioil!lru difficulties as the righ,t type ofcandida:les, were ootSJXl'IHmrud forthe ttaiml i,ns arid tile s:ponsoringS!tates were not :in:l.er-ested '~o &el'ld 'i:heir ,ofr.:oers for (;;i;H!Il"Sif.: of Sllc'h~ollg dllmLilon. The C01l.l'iSe du.rati,on was 3 weeks before c:s'la.blisllIDt1lt o:r ATe a'lil Rlce. Al present Ule A'W'C is o'rgnlflwzin~ courses or 2-3 weeks duration for mi(j\dilclcvcl extension fuuctiorm:des ~lne13 'to 6-.da.y 'CO!JLIfS>es rbrlo,p :Ievc[ c)l~ension ,pe,solllilel, and executives of agm-~n')iI.!l agencies"

Types of lraitllng,. DRRis conducltil'llj differe'lu lypeso'£ :ir:mni,ng. Ta,ble 2. :illldi,cales I.he 'l)'P'C and dQi1J.tlon of diffcI'C'm, I:r.\j.n.ing PrQgr:am:s of mm. As a part of I:m.ining so:mc CleM !rips are arranged Ill) th,c, experi.me!1'talirese<V'Ch fru'm. I,m::a~ed hI, ,oilier :1QCi"ldoill:S" other research iJlS,til'~~S, demo-II. tmoon s:ileS Oilii f'rulii'lCr' s fic~ds and (lllbcr places ot [,eClbno~o~'icaj] s:igif! i.nc.ano;:.

~" Rloa PrOdl.io~oli! T'Il~l'Io.·

:2. Rioe Prod'lUctiO!i TemllClr,ogy'

a Rioo ProducOon Teoh"JlolQm

4. Rloe ProdiJl;:Umi TElc'hootgg;

S. Rloe, P,od\ilc:~ooTQCihno~ (tong dura1io!il '!X!Utse)

s. Rice !FI'·rt!du:-r.:1loo l,ooiM!!Iology (fOrf'9Sh« cour~a)

7, fniegraltoo P~st Mlanag9J'nlmt

InRics -

S, PoIlCi)1' 'ISSIUQ$ fQJ' Il'Ic~'OOsil'l1 Rloe P"odlJ<:!llln

(w.orksho;p I'IaliOflaJ leo\ral,1

'9. ~1'It6gfailiid NLiI~lent Man~lii!'1IeIl'!l

10. Ricli~bas8d Crappin,Q) Sy'slem

11. Rice c;,ffJp mal1E1Qiiment fO;j' Rm!'lradi Upl@.l'ld! .

12'. IIPM [n !'lice {'Of Farm Y.o~1h

13,Slraltegles lor 'nt~ratsd Post ManagamG'l1,t II'! F!ijc;e, fNl'atiolii~1 Woliishop)

3,~ys 5,days, 2'ljIileeks 3, 'Y;1'e.eks, 5,mtlnlli.s

6daY$ 2we.eks 2 'WE!oek.-s

~ mon&! 3da"f,s

C,oU a'b,olr a;lio,n wl~h n,a~; DflI,al,ag ri e ultu ra:1 r'sse-·ar"en systE!!'m

ORR OOl10'ucts rese~b, ~[1 aU major a:gr-o~c[imal:k zeaes willi the aetlve cooperati.Qn 'af $.Qte a_griclIIUur.aJ! un]vers~l.ies. At. :pwesL'!lJt over 'SO ccl:lrers ace OOU~llbot;Ujllg w~tb ORR ~Q its ifiatiomtl, :n.etwoii1k of m:ulL'ilocational testing, ~fOg;rnm, Tbe tcct!lil.ologygelll;.rm.cd by die sciellli··;(S of VRRlletwol'k is b:'aliot.i ~,pec;i:rnc tn, natu!"C. Hence me 'ledlllk.1L1 :jllil rorm3t.~IO~ r-e,~~va[l[ ~fi ,i;ifferem'L tocanons is avaUable w~LhI DRR.

DRR hasJunoo,oll:al coUabornlioo wi'Ill, II.U [CAR ~lllititl!He allId otb~T GO"¥em!neWl'~ofJ:l\ld:iainSI:i.~jU~es 1ornl.edin l;r.yder<lbmi The [tlUnnes :IQc:a~ed at ,H,.de(<ib~ld are; Cel1tral P'I;J],JU PlI:'oteclion Tl'ai!ilinghll\\lhll~~ (CPPTl), Nstkmru Academy of AgriciJll.Ulrai Research .M,ruaag)eme{rit (NAA.JlM). ~:)'id ian Gratin S'I.O['.ag'e [ .. sli'll.I~e (lGS ])i. Ce!l!lr3l Reseas ·b [l'Isli~UlefQr Dryland Agrh::IJ]Uu:"e (CI~IDA}, D.ireJC:tof<lte of OU..se,eds Riesearch (DOR)" Nation~d l~:e,,~elU'cl'l Centre fOf Sorgbum ,(NR!CS), Waller Md Land M ana.geme.nt Tmin,ing &. ResearCh JnMiWte (W AI.M~~l'AR])" Arudli!:td. P'fl!desli! Agri.ey~[UrtiI, Ull'ive.rsi~y (APAU), and National (lili'gan.i.za'lions like Nal:ionail lostUureof f{llIIlral Deve:1Qp.meli!Jl fNU;tD,). Nm~m:ntl If.lSliuHe of Nl:ILriJ~ion (NlN). N;nion:ll!l RcmOH." & S,em"i.lllg .A,g,etlc),' (NRSAJ and .RegimmD: Research Lahor.ltory (RR.L). Resoerce fac11i!1IIY a ... and When !]ee-dcd de~'nidllng '(In IJH~ type ofooursc:s:are (~ely drawn :ftomlhes.e j,flsdttlteSl.o provide the ,)are.sl.leC:h:nologie;s iilud skiUs W the ID<l:nlc ipITlnts.

Co,lll,alb,oraUoliI with ii ntern atiiona.li agrih::ru It!i.lllf,al research centers

'[he: IlRR ltlm hem a,tillv~ CQI.I:!!bo~~iQ1t wl'l,h IRJU~n v.ari[ms rueuc~ aciliv.ilie;s fow tlle :past. 3 deeades, Some sc:ic'.n Li.s~s or !he Directogre ha~ p~cip.aledin 'f3C tm,hli!!lg In fRRI. Slide m.pe ml)thli1es and.ri~l,irera[ll~emoe:i:",edl f~om :mRJils, hdpiftl~ '1.0 the panh~ifOO'u:sof nil~i~.g pmg;roJms. De W Qf.ld nMtka1:so ilnm:rendered :l]il1andal assffislmlce ul,llle DRR's . Ai~VM~ l'~n~t.lg Ce-igioorth!'ougb[)~f,~cIDmre ofEl'!:.lie!fls,i,ot'!., Mimislliy i;lfAgn.c~U!lre,> Govt,(li.~nd:ia. Thecuilaborntlon of DRR will, mR ~.1Il:as e~po~ed. IlJhe I;t"dnif!;i;l faculty ((I mc;l~te~:t iinfQ.l1m~tiliQm, and stiU$. iilt CQmmllln,icalt-io:nand. l~e(')t:lIlo;.~o'gy tratlsfe:r:.

T'raiiniingl p'lanml~II1I'g

The- A 1"C prep~lhesChed1!.l1e Q,r t:ramnml'lg :programs w~lclil il'lclilllde 11:i'l:l~S or the tta:i~i,~g froigmf!~. ooj,octiYf-S., ecorse ,comWllIl,. dUrnitlon" ~imposecffi Wiles, l1Cnille.locillllO:lil. etc .ililld !hi,s is ,c:jrc-ul:a~ed i~llt!eU'awf!i!lfl p:ll:1!l'1In~n:l'l wo!rlk$l:ioiP' COiIll;~ll!ictoo by d:Je Dif'ectomle ofE';:lension ev;ery ye;w •. !1iIl.lcLh. ~t!~tWv.anc:e. Dis ID~rOIT!illi1:tlombrOClM!re conillalos ~rief.dletamrusofLhe In·$~tIJrle, I!!l!oorruory f:a.cil:iUes, tm.lmin:g facJI][:iccs, ]]br.ary :fa.cni lies. oo.ill'd and, ~od:gi;ng :rac~~~u~., 1111 adknt~o ... the rou,re parli~ulruJ!slO reaclil .DRR are iMica:led.

A foM:er ispl)e,m-ed (Qr ,c,,,,ery tf,E1IDI:I]Ili!l ~ro!l.rn:m well in, a~li"M1ce e,\p~aii:l:i~g, mebllCk;grouln.~ ofllIDatpartiCil.!l~progr.i1ll:Ul. ~~df:k:: obj,CC'~.ve-s, OOIU'st '@ll.uJimie dllfaI~Oa:l and dates. ]c;,.,ds of 'ru1idpa:lio:nld~ef!mrue. .~c~l.ty'~ ~[li:ll,g ~leLhod:o~l(DgY' folliOwed., hliS!l date low sending nom~!lali,o:lUis. Hbr.ary. b011rd. ~oogi~g ~d otIB!I;llr [~ciliJUies, ThiS n::!,ld.eris p~~p.ared il'1,le~s!3 [J]I(nil~i iifl advD~e arnd sentliO patrtjdpm1tsalo:ll.g wi ll!.ffi~·caIDWs ~Qr ~OJil'Ii1illatio:n,

11iepam:icipanlS are ~q!)jesOOldi ttl bliing 3! bri!e:f ~ef0w' O!ru lie StliUlS !@f ri~ l)iI'ooiL!ltliorl" C'OiIilSItta:in!l.~.and prcobleros. "f.hey are also adivi,sed ~o sell.d ~eir n;l,te~ pla_[!s i~ adV'mlflCC Ilomakx; WleceSSMY1m:aflgi::m,e~rlS :fl~, t1~~s D<ioocU)J1'al~. ll.e fi.;ulener ru.q;U:eSlI.:i.~g 'l.hJe S.W:oo c@mrnis:s~Ql[ler or Agfi,clJ~(.lIrellJ[i:reclor ,of .Agri.CIm~~llfC to send Ihe nomir!.HiuflS is n!laiiW~d ~o ~e:llI1 ;U~!~'lS[ :3 mO(ll'l~ls b1! advantoo.

Mrer fb:rmlJlat~ol'l of the olbjectlv!~s 3LfH.1 p.-e;paring UDe oollneo:iiltWiII.e •. subjootlnal~r,oontents t(l':3:chilcV!elllile objec:tive.~ ~ ~de:ntifi~d. The. $Ybject. maucr idetJi(ifLe(J is fllirLl!!er d~vi(]ed imil.olJiJ:eorelicru and prac:ljic.aW topics 'baood on U:!Je d~:r.l!!tio!'l,@r Ile C;()Uifse. CaLre1~tik:e:~ m ~de:ntifJ the skillsin ~e II'lmiJl:runs a;rn.da.llot sessions f@r teadh ing,.i!L'> W\'l]] <lis pmc;ticaID 8k"~]]S. ~!l aJ I the p.m',Q,raJliIs. ..

~b C01!lrne, is dgsigned,. followins I~e :pri~ciples 'elf "L.tam$llIg by Doiim,g" and, "'Teach'~!1!!S by Doi!1!;fl". B:a,.';Ied on idelJi[~fte[ll!rnililiJlS needs, the appr@p!:i.a~e course ton.I'erils on Ri.ce ProduC!l:ioi!! Te:cI;!fIo~Qgy ~~:nvirdedimDdi (ferent ~sib]l~ in seq!:!~ce ~sisLiI1ligQrblietledlJiltre-S follolil,i'edby di.sc4!ssi.on1s, ski~~ demo:n!Str<lJlJo:n:s.~ocal~on-'S~d{$c ~cticm pllllllinn1ml&md pe!rlel di,sculssffioXl:S. The resource scirends;ts. pUltbe nlle"ss,1lge aaossa,pl,y~figjl!!!~V3i[j'!l'~i:III'stn:lc'liO\~aiil!. l.edHliql!f;;~_ such $ b:fa!il1list:o.rmi~\g aim) t1s;i:n,g appro.pri<1lih~ ~lId~~~vls~:al! :liiidis. Over

two·lI~iru~, of l!:he ~.o:!aJl:miml~f1:S worldng pt:;rt~'ul is ul.iH~d :liQf ,sk.iU dcm,O[lS[lII1!,li.o:n:s"pf.3iCpca~.$,fiield v]siu;" udfIJe]d( labm:'iI~.oinJ demonslrntkms. 1'.h.e ~OOIa~nin!l, on~~ iJro!. ti:m~ ~s devoted ~.o theory ~~t'!l!al~on.

The s.cbed!l!lie-,of,d!aY40~£by ami !lili:es is ~re;pMied aJlleasl lilnOillli,i~. ad'v$~. The trajni~g n'I;('!temia).~nCl1!tdrufillg~eoMl!re notes, :pmctical gu!~dc]i:IIIJe,s.reacru~mg m.3.~eiiam <m!~ other srl~iPo~ive: UOO~at11l~.is 'c.oJleCiled~d dUfJicated be~ore: Ille beg~nnll~g Oil' '!he 'OOILlIl'SC •

iliraiiln i'filig needs iidentirfi catii,on

DIm mtade scvel'<lID surveys fill" 3iSSe$.s,lmgUl.e training 1"!eedS befure commence'ment of ceusses in tlle P~il.biilt w~tb UU;le $!JI).)CS$. D.a.sCldl O:tl U~e: past~x.p~dc.'n.o~ (If C;{lndyc:tl.~g ~;n,mg pmgr.ms., higherlev.e1 ~!ltCirac~iO'nbe~.w~ .~c~C;!WtislS of '!he DirocW:i',u.~a.!Ild CQUin.n:iisskmers &. Druliet~ors or.a:ll%iic~I.L1!!.re'of lhe· st,'UecS duri~g annual works~ops. aren;e~ed ~o iiCknUly [UceP.mdl!Hll:klll ~lraini:ng nems.TIn: IlDinee and re$QatllfCe facuU:y ,t()~~tl!Cll S,eSS~I)!:lS aee CQf!!~U:Clt:ed .i'!lI ·Il!~~gll]_nrn:s: of e-ve~yttaiiniJa,g:progrilllil iU~d the specifi.c meeds areid.ent~flied. lle:~i,n~ng progra!f!1!iS .ari"e: de~!i'l):iIQPcd or mI'lOOlifi~d ff\@~] 'I.i;m~ to Ume .iW.~ '01:1 me IniH.i,ns needs, 'Ci'h:nlg.i;n,g l!:rem~:!; iN!. rice producl,ion ;'Jint:i ~ew ~£d!w!jql~;e8 ,eyoWved moolJslb!'C~,cl:!. TIle 'lrnining ,nocd~asscssm!elrnis bdng d.Q!1;c before '!!he (;om ~Ile:n,oc:mcnl ,of pro'g.r,a:m s and these ailif!; ~II!Od~neid <!Cpo,dingly .As a~I.'~e fi'lc~I'~:}'me:m~ me Olclil~rae~h~rs. 'l.hdrleVid of km;JIwledge, and cOI:npe~e:nde'5 ·aJre ~ igbest. il~ ~~ir fj,t;l]ds. U~e~p~ifi!ClOP~CS ~Q f]!lflll th~ ttaJ~lflgne~d~ C~ beincorpom~.ec!l in~o (he cllrriiclllium even oW! stmn rmtiice wiLl~o~( m~jlgr pro'b!en1iS.

Pro dllJl,ctli(lIfi1 oftlr1Jiln iing 'mratell'ialls

For ,e~ch!1r.l!.i~in:gpf\ogram. l~a.elrCCmll!l!l"e more~ .!!m p:rep~d. ~'l iIi:I undets;tandablemal1l!!ler~s.peJtobjective;<;O.fthelr.li.in.il1lg: progl:a.ms. '[he ni~i.lllgml.l!l>eri~]s IIfI.lY mn 100110 no p~~es wilh i!lJd~qll!l~~liCi nlil"'I:r3J~ioi",S of ri,ee,pestsMld di,~e-s, lIIt1menl, dclicciem ,crQP!'·.!:l'Datlil~:rn:3ticam fQrmu~Ia.;; •. MfI~ di~grarr:ls and re&CaJlc~1 daw., etc. Tr(li:ning im<1i!er1i'ii1 S ruie p;rep3!lied w~1.h recem dev,c]opme:tII!.S ~f! theM,e~ (If:spec~aJi;r:Jllio!il. Nec:e:ssa.ry ~i!.!pporliugUlerawre 3i~.s.o is pON' i:ded ~o parl:kl~allilts. The qua:lityof me ~Op~c1t['jd Ule I!ecmf\; ~Klresof tile same ~ rulsessedlhrollgh [lp~iH;lVall:lli:lkm :p[of(lI:mabei~g feoord:edby the u<limee-s. hID a~d~t~o:!! 100, I~epri:!~t. Hl:atetiillis., 0010\1' sLid~II, ove],fle't1d tr.ru~spa_~!!ldres. cbarLS.,-.i!JId SPCiC~:lWCinlS.~ p~paliled. n. .. ~(ledM b.lt" l[he Irailnlefs,.

M!aj olr plrob~em S: a nd con strai II'tIts ,of Uile tra,iinill'l'gi IP,rograml

oneil It!he Dliirtidp~1;S clf.press.ed ~~t (hey recdved the c{)mm!l!lDiclll~q.IlL [rom, their:h igher <liulim:rmes relal~ng to 1.I1ek de:pu,ta!,]():JII. fbir 'I:r'aining o(!l!ly at me ,ele;v.eoroJl'! ~c!.ogr from S L.:'lre.e offircjals a!~d dkl!1iJOl ~~ve: (julie ~@ :prepare: Cor (he j(1~!mey !.[llId nlli~e necessary ,3ilITMlgemernl il'or soro'e: c:;o:i,g~I~ck~!l during lheiJri.ib~e!l,ce'..This i~ ~l_ffi.!m~ll"i 1111 pOOt r~Ue;!l!([l1m;;e a~.n.h!e U"<1IW!llinlg [l:FQigf!!(l~.S,.

'2. 1":mililieeljj· fmmlllilesta~e ,(le:~(len,ts ofa,gdc~]~~1!fe ~fI{j~~~ed IIih:fd, I~e[r to:yr[l»'O'g:m;J~l needled ~o 'be~ aiPprovlL\ld by II!D.e Silaile Agric::ullnJrM Secrel<lCy and I~is~es lime ~.o rl(l~h!'~ (h,e, 'COrm1lllllnkatkm. This alse ·~ea!±s. ~o ,[lel:ayed a:mvai ()if IDe pMldp!mt'i.

3. SQm,~st!J.tt$imliDoseres:mcli.QIJiSOill depUl<"ll:ioll lol'~.eit office:rs ~i!'J tm~~~ng poog:!",an'ls. dlll~~g U~ f~ros.~[! cir.O!i!ms.ta;[Ices such 3JS, [J~Ul1rn] cal am ides (floods,. cydoWles<. le~.) whk,~lca.ds t~ :poor aUend;aJll,ce al ~e l:aillIlilnIg ~'rog;ram.$,

4,. Smneti:.!;nes !)!.gro·;j:Iil:pl!lt dii~trib!ltiiQm;; are elillnlsted B) <IgricuU.m'ill depamnec'!1ll aI!Id tile: oir,f[c1~s ~~:!lot 00 sp~ed for participating (iii tmlirlilllIg ~~ogll'am:s.

5. t:raJjn~l:Ig,pl1osram.soqgm:i~(I d~ri:!lgtesli"aJs,and,pt!b~i,c holi:dlays iOO4y~ me 1Il~:m.ber of pafl.ieipants.

6, ellase of (Jares at pOirpOfieml3;ot Qfl:rnl.!liing programs d~i:sc0~ra,g~ p~~dpaJt]o[[j .•

1. .Del!a;y ~n :rel.e'JS!eonour~dv~oc (1' AIOA) ~o ~id~'l!!lIJ1:S foeees them ttl epeel [heir jOill:meys

8. Soc~ala.&l.Ita;uo:l'D,S:. $Itrikes. ca;n;Qella:liQIl or transport senrke.s, i:!.lW and oroerprob~~o$, IliInJdll:a.ck of pi:ope. i~cr,m~li'es fOlT 't!:n.dJer~O~l1glnl!iln.i.nl.g a.1soru:eresponsibl.e fO:li loweil" pamcipa.uoi!l! m '1:ra.i:IlI.LIiI,gprQgr'OO1.s.

,A.ntltCipSited ,cll1'a1niges, intihe 'future

Th~or{!l ~s pkwlnltJI.g ror!esl:rililcuue~,i5lililg 'I:mi:nill\g [p'rogrnms inLhe finure 'l:OS'I!I i![w'e specific requJlIemenLS of i'[S c:U9"lU);[e. 1'"0 assess the ~~u~lXlm~rnl~of the OSier departmeftL!S, we C1.1C 1~$OO'ndulcl.edaprOO.lIaiol1!.,ooerilleClsllrve,'lQr~lfchproj~~ 'on Wi1Wiflg~.oods ~d lmpa.cl andadopliol:l Q.f 'i!m]'llrovec:l nee P(~c:lIl!::I:i(nlllreci:ulo~ogy.. l'Jil.e ()illlwomeof mes~r!,ley Wld rese~h, stud~C'S wiU give elearer ldeasas how u)lfeorient and l'Ie:f:omd:ue ftuure tta.hdill.g pm.grallns..

~m :~.e ,coming years (he DRR w~~~em~p._h.a~i]je ():I'·.Il:Ol1iJ1JJi~~!1!:g U:aifii1l!!gp[{lg~am_s Oil spedaru~zcd areas such as .. i:ual:e.g:raled~es~ ma!~u!g,emenl, sy:su'lrunablle~ic&base@ croppii.ng :sy'S.~e:ms. llOwgratm Ilulrl.eru. roanagemc;Rt. bybrid rice .s~d ,reductio!'! andll oomm~,1i1iea:lionllf!d e'iU!eWl8~O~ .s~regk~ to PQPI1[arl~e.l.hc i:mllw,-"ed rio~ prodlJl;:li!Qnloc~:ull(l~ogy ,.

.~'nI Orne!.!" tl]rS!lil:ppo.rtyaMO'"llls~!:iSlilu[j~:s and o~gani74'1!tlo:n:s e!!l!iga:s,~d1 ilVl ~nin.g: ,and tecl:ul1lo~o_g;y uansfer of rice me eTC W{I~ld deve~!op complJl[~r a['Id video-a.idlCd lflSl:fucliolll~rn malre.ri.lI]s and e"Wl'eft sys~ms o~fice. Thi~ W~]]R!s!O fa.dli'lEIte IUilC bete-rogeneo[j's, gml!![1 or Lrailill1':cs ~ueflding varleus ~',m'grnms,

l'~l,ecrc is also, p~arllll.ing w de:ve[QPtr;;tintng ~'"lP"HI.!:~· roil'" di.fferelll ~n~ng :p:rogmms and ,other sU[p(pQllliIv,e pri'llil :m,a~eriril1sre'luY'~d row niil1_.ees, as weU as vl:s:iltir!g. offiC:ims ~d fmwu'ms. .Effo.l1\'l are: be;i:ng milde~o devc[op i~f~MInI.cnruml r~clUl1es forproo.'lJerung video ~:mgr.ms 10111 d~fferellll[.i3!s~tsQf riee prodlJc;b.onl.'eCtf!lOlogy In lo.r-.cIDer ~ollll!ake '!he I:raiLnj:n,g progr:ru:r!l~mgil"e~ef[~Qli.\!'e.

Oi$ltUiSSi on ot· [IIR:R Olll'!lldliai) IPliie:senlt:aJtiolil 'Wilf3s~liI,gbJe~ DQ you bave Uflks wHbn:RJ?

Sh!!8:h:: We l~v~gooCl.reW;uicm!S w'i'lb mlU. Tlwere.ag room.)! JllI,diians tramliled -<'Iil mR1 .: ~ 'wellt loIRR~. m.ysleW.f.. We expect mere m:ea.nil1lgful CO[l!8iborluioJll wiin!h, .m:Rl.

M;atlh~nl; Acuudly. we bave, wru~oo mooy ,of ~eif staff.

We'[ielrying ~O::;u~p<JrtIDe.3S:ml]clb ~we.'ca:n. wilh o!~:!,C(lre fYf!d~ng.

AI!fI!1iI!lX 1.D!'i~iI~~lf Qaiflin9 acU ... I~V .<!~. C'Qm!f!1!l!n~~lIQJ!! ,,,,!\!cdi 'T~.alflll'llg C~~~r, ORR. H.ydiUa!blid

No. of l:r,aIflirig QOlJrs!a~

INg,.~! par!iei,~

'19701 t9V5 1'976 1971 1975· '~979 ~900 t!l!l:~ 1'$16:2 1Soo 1984 1985 1986 19arl HlSS Hla9 1~' 1,991 1$l92 1900

111

Tolall

Mahyl.lddin Syam"'

~Head. Res'l3tfucfi CammuniCati'Q,n DffPt., Ce!1~~I'Resewah' ,'nstitute for.Foor.JOrTJPS (OR/Fe). tndonesia

~ nitro dluct!i en

"tbe: success of .~:~dlcnle":S:~i!l :in ;~Iclljev~(!g a!I,~ SiJj.stai~:i:n,g riro ,rod~CIi(miS' 81l1PPOifited by ~ous e:fforu, su:tb,as re~elU'ciJ!l. extension. gQVc:rWlIilentpoUcy In :providlog credrE formputs, and in se:lJingl'JoQ!, 31!'!d ceiling price, Amo:uliIer effort 1'.1:1[11, is aliso impOiI'lmnis an ex.tensive Il,a:ifling prQlgram fOir extc1l:Sion persopncl Wid sclenUSiI:$. bothl :3[ ll1aliollal and :ifllemational lie;vcls ..

All lhe ~I.Uiolia1 level. uailiiililg in rioe producli.oR3nd ,cmpPlili1g/fanll ing.systelfl.s is mostl y ccadueted ~ ILiheCenlnd Researd:l InSLiu.n~ for Hood CroiP~ (CiUFC}., oomJetimes in rolIJl1bm;a:~io1ll wilfl me A,g.c~cy ~or .AgJi.,oo:luu'.aJ Tr,ai[l:ill:ll,"and E(]l]c~tion (AAlE) .aw:lUlIJJi\r,ersilie.';;.. '[mining: ou,lS'ide of UU~ CO'UlljJltry is, carried om allm:el1lJ;Jti(m~l Rese.arch(:el1lCr~, such asm.R~. C.lMN'YT. IlT,A,amd ICIUS AT MQiSt of wese U'ai n~1Iigs are attended by eesearchers and/or extension personlMI. . ..•..

There is an imtd'ica'~ion Ilbat some Na:Lional Agnc'IIUll:Illll R~Slea_n:b Sy:stems {NARS) have Ilbe cap.acily 1,0 matlage uaini oS, course-s Ut,e U!,ose orgl)lnized by IntenJl'ltkmw Ag,ricllUuraJ Research Ccmcrs. suclh lIS IIRRJ. TIllis ii:lc:.~Il'~S Rioe: P['@d~ction aad Cmpp:ilJ;8 (F.arming) Systems TntJ.ln'lng Coy~s.es. Th,e aIIpaci ~J is t1t'D'l oiHly :folr tbe'!'!~lio'~~ (bll·CO[lIlUy) traioinsproSfW. bllt also :fOf reg~(m.;d. '[rai:n,ing ..

There ofren me smne I)[iOb~ems ;lIld ,conskain~ [aced by NAllS in .ID~:agnlJJg sl.Iclli In!tlilhl1llEl. re'I~[ed ~J;I professkuruaJ] persoillinel, or!,awW!i~i.o;n;ll,srtMu&. ph:ys~c.d resources (~iJiJd:mgs., t;md. a:!ld !~q1!lipnlel:1it). ~J:1Jd funds. S pe.ci,aru I!!ttenti:olll., I:mwe\1cr, sli:!olliLdi be :Qiiven to tr.tining coorses fOt res~b.e[s, to m.oot tbe: clI.mlengei faced by NABS. Some ~SSIile:s, are related W' efficie<irl use of aglHcuilllllcaJl ~npI.!CS, sustdn~bte ~I(ld\lc:ti(l,n s},'sfem.s. rum1 agro~~r.tdusc:ry .. ;iimd 'P1)Vefty ,alleviation.

CUfl!lent :Sts.tus

Tll@ national ttaililblg: :pro,gram ill Im:Jooe5'iai s ,mmed '(0 impro"\le S,t;insMc1 blowlooge'Qfpan:id~@.nts (rn.oslly 1el(W'lII:SiO'Il $ubjec[, m:atte;r ~:~ciaJjsts SiJ:1Jd reseMciber.s)illl various a.spcClS ,ofrice,ptoducliolll o:fti~-base.~ fMmlng syst:emsl1l. supportin,g we n:atioflill pro'g,fWll, fO'1 increasing crop produi:li!onl.For r!$ean:::hen;" the program is aime4~o i.mpoove skjUs iIDd kRowlcdlle: Qr pMtici~nts inreseaf'cl!, me:tiliuxliOlogyin vHioUlS,

di SC;ip1ines. .

,C-RliFC is wil:hiin the seeoad eche~on of the As,cllley for A,grlcuUulal-Resl!'Mcb and Dev.elopment (~RD) of Um Mi1il~s'l!lry of AgriiclJhure (Fig,ur,e '0. CR.IFC m3JL1ag~ 6 daugll:t~er researehiTiisdwws. eacllll~ aving i~ 'OWllI na!~ionlll mandalie.. rn addition. there, are 3 divbiol1.s l¥isiilltilng, me direc'l'OlE'.i .e., :3Jcll:tlJilnisll<ltion. rleseMc~piro8nlmmifig. IlJIld research ,commu:niilc3Jti01l1 (Agtln~, 2).

MJilO • M'fE oRIf'G •

i\1lMC)I'ior Aglicull!lll'lli Aesellm:lia.rnt:! Delll'e1OpmBnl Algancy jor' 1(!:I!kU!!llr~! Tmlnlng !i!.!lt:! :ed~llO" Cel1llr~ Aesea:r.C!II !nSlilule lor FOi)o!1 amps

~ ILJULJ

I SAAlIi= I

IBOifl~F· SUFl~F • M!ARIF ~ M'Ofllf· ~B~IIF • SA!RliF ~

~. R!i~aJ!C~ InsU1.yter~r !FlOod! Crop$; Sllkamarl.diRI65!l.artOO ,ln~titiJtElfof Food Grop$ Mafa;i1g Plsse<UClh InMilulefo~ Food OIl]p,~ MIlJ,o~RB'5aarcl'llln.slitu~e!r:tlrFood Q'l:)P$ B;mj1U1bm.!iti1 ~sel:lftlhl'FlslI"fultelorF'ood Crop~ S'1JIlaJ'.a.m~ RQ~aarcf1, tll'!l~lJ;lul\e if,orF~l]d Crops

Rese~bi C()~l~lllh;a:lio:mt ~sres!poin sib]e [:Or ofgoo[~if!g l!!he dissemi:maJ:ion of oosear.cl:l res~lts!Uld :a.clivities '~lI:ijl]:i:l,h, vari;OUs. ~edlia sllicb as'~l!Iblka~.ions.meeti~gs" ;,m(W t!'a!r!~ng, All!ne(cegi.o:l'l.a!I,~e\i'et., a: secti.QIlI c~le~]ll;fo:rma;lio[l and f!..;ilu.'lIIifY of each of the· (I res!lard:l itlstilultes is, r,espo:llsi1l)1,e. fo.r di;ssemia:mliof! off~e~.ch ~SILl]'~ Sind 8c~v]dcs.

Thle~ :!!l\e"aOO!]:L 30 per,SOifll1:e~ now working. al tll~ Divislon 0.( Re.sear'Cl:i CommI!JUilic!!Uo:~ (D~C). Sill:: o.Nh,em liIave a Maslrer degree ,a;ndW IS p'l,a:rsI1~n! dle f~O;r~ UP['1B, Pjhilippl~.es<.

'f.lii.et>li:: aJ!e ], I.Ini'l:s UJl1dew [IRe: pu.blicatiQ\tu!,Vlerlfl!Cil.tio~ m:ldm.olllffi~or!ing" aJfldlecbi,caJ.iServk;~ yni.l.(1'SU). TIille 'fSU i:s:respo!'!s,ilble fOI OJIgpizi'flg sdelltifi:cmd tectmkal medi!lIgs :such as works!h.ops" s.em~mm,and sympQs[a llladd il~io;n '10 1:faiJ1i!!1!g. W)dils, S~PPQiI'iI.e:d by UO pe;f®QI:'I!:'!e1. 2 of ttleom hohling M~ters de.gfeeSm

A~[J~elin;, TSU]w 1 ,dasS1room. (+1· 25p3lli1icip!JInts),. v~s~al aids (slide ~d overh:eaCl Wlrojec~:Qfs). 2perso]l.<1!~ C'OnQ;lplili~eIi'S, and seme sma]]. flri:!lli:~!geql[a.ipm.ell~ (which c:EI'rl ,also, be ~se~d~or ol:hc:r purposes of 'Dn:.C).TI~e:re are 2, e;tpecrimetu.al. famns in .E,(l:go[ mai~c;m ~ used fo'! fl~h] .acUviLies. Muam. (+J~.5 tml'OO![! I:h~ CRWCl'l1l.a:i:n b[li,hllillg) is ~e most freq:~~f.!tly U$etl, :l'ortmil'ling ~s;ipoce i~ has wlC~Md (!:1]11~dswhic~. ,rover an.ill\ea. ofr abnul30 ha,

-nere :aro·ID()~ 'Oru!ll]il 80 PIiiD al;ld 1510 MS ~Qld!ers al CRIfCwb@ a:re availa.l:lrne as, res(n~[\:l); perSQlll!S for tn:Ii;liIl~ltilg CO!J!L~e~s, If! aJdCl~Ooilll., ~~re. me also <I ~'Ym:bcr of scle'n:ti$~ .a:~ I[Iniviflrs:ities, ~at eaaue blliv@~ved:., as researee pti:[$ons, in I:rail].~!li!g pllOgf5'll1ls"

ciUFc does liIO~ ]n.ave a dOiml:iUlry for a large UlUulbcr ,~:f tra~ne>M. For aC!Commod~.HQn ofthentalllces we tlSlJJf1iUy use the dQrm i[.(lryo:f lhe Ce~lro.lR;esea;ocb [nstl[lItefo~]fDd~ srtrial Qops (,erUle).. Wep~3![J t~].h:avea "f!!jChIflO]Ogy Tmnsfer Cer!te~~f.! MI!Jtu'lilll lIl.erne:};l" fllilYire.

MO$~of ·oa.e trn;i!lilO,~are f~]1)d:ed by the :gloveml~Hmt tnrQugh W:mld Bimk leans, Some ~ai~ic~g fo!!" f.:lmlers:m(! f:i~ld. {;x~'n$ion workers am organi7Jed Wi;ID,illla s'pecia~; p{'Oject SI]C~. as Cf'OpAn[m;a:] Sys'rem. and SWWl1lPS R De C~@P A:llIirn.al SyStem.Projee:~, is f~nde(J by IDRC £It Canadlll wh~~~~. Swrunps mI i..s f:und'e:d by I:hflCgovemme..a~ tllliOlJgil:l tbe Woild !B.aU: )Oa,liI,

'Co~ I atb oralti!on ;,ff'o lit

CruFC :nas air~:lIdy pl;:ml:'!edtos!.l'e~gl:he:ll ooUalbonllioitl w.hll, a~.er N .u:S~!1! me A..,ia~Pacifit mg;iou, especially w i.ilI ASEA.N c(JulJiuies. The 'C()J]aib~f'UJiO:n em .~~ lllli~aled Ib:y eXicbp.!1IL'l ofpUb'lirntio:n., tlioUowed by R .. searcb •. and tra1n~flg. Go[hibo!!'lltiol!! W~U~ !CIMMYT for' ,o[l~fMm rese<iiOCliL trw liIilllg was beld ]1[1 Ma]:Mlil,Eas[ J~I.va. sev,~ years ago,

Tra,iniil1lg: P'.lanliilin!g:

E.acl~ ~~UC'-~ ~ns;Liu!!lte l)!I)I:Cler CRIPe is :regllilady (uslJ!a~~y ~\!'~;r-lf }I"eal'}reques'ted to wlf!iw ~o CRIFC reg:ru:din:clie Idnd of ltai:[I1flg needed by t!hr.i:mstiu,u~. A learn e'l!'aJ,l1l1~es omd priori'~jz'.Cs 'lh~ [p!!'olj}O.sed ni:nin,g ruJid melil SIiIIrm i LS it, ro, UJ,e di!1e!;:WiiOf CRIFC.[[ a'jlroveCl,.~ebaif!~!1g PfOpO~, is thell SlIb<m,iue:d to i:hle .AARD for fyrmer e,v~l~iatiioll and ~pp:ro.~al. FQr t!h~.!p~riQd 1990"!~,. AARD tllf'OUgl:i Agric:l1i~~l'U:~l Reseru"ch MaIDIageme~~ Ptojecit rw Qdd '8 ank~oimJ. ~ii1S been ]jlaJovided r~R& 'rQr~'eseatl'~fh, manll,g,emCJilil. whidl includlesU'aini,r1g. CR.tFC Qrsmh.::e.:S the W!X1111ilg .f'fdai:ccli 10 .fom cro!p®lil'am'!:ing Sj1:ll'lelitl:5 whichm~ also~ncl1;ld¢p.ru:ddpu,1:S from alher re:searclllce1ll,rer:s wiffi,il1l AARD'.Le~<:(ufefs ®InC! iln:stmclors l!I!sually ctile fiom AARD.

The project slso, provides f)'[ndis, for AARD sdenlis(, er s:~fr who :a;r{: wai~ed htother il'ls,titll!l~~S S1I)!,~1:i aJSllll'lh!'e.sitics, or Biotrop,. rnfOUll~UO!l! cm!.ll~lr.l!i.l~iugc:8!rried <QUI at, AAR.D is IJsu.aHy Obtained !rollf! t!le·@fgiil!li:z.e.:s and IDem di&[flb~[cd lO aUrelcv~llt ii(:cseatchi:llstlu.ne:s within AMD.

Wim l!he presemeqt!j:p!1IIw~a:\i'ailabrue ~o aUFC.nJltlifl.g, ma:lC:riaJ.s. especia]:~J papers. Ciln iooPliod~cedi~a rnl1'!tiiv~y short ti;me.1l!ef'eSOUl!:te.~$QnSQr ]ccturel?S '&"C u!:iuaJly pflovldcd wim, a synabuis mllbe l.iUe1Uld cflitUn:e of~~p~per reqrue-slOO fo.r me ta;,a;imli:n,g. T.h.e o.rgMizera]soi,tllemi'l'ies me ma~etiaIDs f1ecdedriQrfie~d activiU~ a;n,(jIlPr~es them tlCJfOlfe implCIlltlnlaLicn oil' metra!i:n~ns.Dm:i:rlg me last 2, y~. CruFC ofgroti~d Stmi.l1I~ng Cio!Urn;f:S:

l. Awdi!ovlsll!R1 aids· phQ~ogr:apbjl'. slide pro:oess~ng. slide: wpep~eil!!:~tio!!l. eoc. (ffi3o~or" 25 persons, 3, wee!ks)

2. FlfiIJdi e:!lperim~nl<ltion fut nce~d nen-rtce food crops,

(Bugor. 45 perseus, 3 we,e(ks)

3. Sdeilltific editing (Bo;gor" 25 ~.ffiOfl:il,. 2 weeks)

4. Bi,m,ecboo]o8Y (BQgor, 25 persons 2, weeks)

5:, Res.ean:b Meihodo~ogyfQIiOe'li'e~opmem, Re:sea!rcb

(Bogal, 25 ~ers()T1s.4 weeks)

MlaJor PlrlQ,b,1 ems :aln dl 'Constr,ai nits o,f the Trai lliIi 1mB progr.am

There .an: 2 kiallds 0:1' 'mraining especia'l]yrehl:led rorice::

• filice orrio~.;rel~OOd prodrucUon,. ~e1eri1 f'Of e~(ensi,orl ,~. ~oc-a]: gQv~gmren[ officers; u(ID

• rice o[r:ioc~l)e:latedre~eaJ:ch a..ctivitiesin s.pedal toplcS! disc;jpli~(:&. targered for :resean::h.er"S.

The fllrsllflliirling caabe do:nea~, CR'IFC he.adqyaJters ucW at eacbr,(~ooarcl!l ililstlUJ![:e Ol[ CRlFC in . .coopeIJtlIll-ion with ]OoCa'lgoV\emm.erlt illstill1JHO'fIs"mfl tihtlj;'r,eSC'lflt Qrg,m:l~zSJlkma] Si:nM,m:!r'e, of 'lbI,c Minislr)' of Ag:riC!l]hure,. train]r!:tl).pr,qgrru:!l.s and ac~:ivi[jre~s: ase u~dier tile Agef.u;::y fQrAlriCI.]l(nra] TlI'ilifliwg ~mJ Ed!,:iC~tlicill (AA1"E) (&ce F:ig;u:re ],). Somelimres tJhls S~tu3ilion nTha)'~ieadll~o pro~lernls withWl!~I'I~f1g a.ctiv-ities:; c.·S., APi. rn wil1~i'L'i :ll~IbQMliIil3a:.s ma:y [l0l. m1lic;ip:ate< (or ,ovelt~m.)I(J !he, uaining needS (JIrei{~e!ll:sjcm an,dllocal g,ovcrmme:lilil.offidals while l:he resea:!'ch i.nstill!1l~es 1[ree:1 thaI!: i[Ju~y do, l!()llhia.ve: roSPQmsib~~~ty [(or Sl:IciD, mm~i!ilg acuvities.

'flTmill:iWlg 1m: rice prodn.:!CLio:n, iro ir:rig,aJl;edl.QwIBlnds. USIMIUy (100;$ nerhave ~crious probll.em.s wim fle~tJ acuvh~e.s. Howe:vew. b'ail1!ingi!!l .1:iJ~ 8WOilim,P ~d !,lpl.and rice,. i.lIll1e]aH\le~,y n:mOII,e ~s,.may facepmlJ,le;m,s rel.U~d to tr.l!ifllSpo.rt:ltiir;l1:!.1'te,ld WQl~. i3!m'li±lDCommiOdJat:i<m..

Train]n~, ]:orres.cmc'her.ss.>eem", ~o becruelal rOlf er!ec:li~ rc;::g;e$ch efforts,. VruiOUiS, IRRlhining.s (';QIJr'Ses. slJ:ch as F$m1.i;lThg (Cl'OPP'li!!lg) SYil'd~S Researeh, WM, mid FieW Ex~rlm!eW!'~tjon need 1:0 00 co.nduCJlcdrelfllJ 1.E!tI.y. L$IlIgullg~} a]!so tailil be a major prdb~:~rn for rome I:n.dlOliI,esi:anresecarchcrs when mlS k:ilnd ,of ua:inilflg hi oO~ldi,:lc~ed~e:giQ\l1li!l]ly er in;lJema!~j.(JinJdly •

Mast h'.a:i:nees· prdt;lf as!tlon: tC;1iIIII U";a:inimg pfo·grnm ,(2 weeks,·3 Ullonilis). "fhi,s, ispartic1!Ilarl:y tnll~ when 'locatio:Q of w,elJ:a~nl['!g isrelali\"C;ly is.ol;a~.cd,. l'heref;(II'e. i~ is almosl i:m.pm;$ilb~l~ [0' cwry 01!.ua ltatil'liing. course; floral'! entic1l::C:rOip season dnratinn,

Theo(g~ti:Oll:aru s~ct~ io SQIill!eexront,. basafrliocrod ~1~ :progress 'of esUlb1ishi]~g lhelnLii,m:n(g celil~efof'f'f;cbtu:)~ogy TrnIls,fei Cer!le:r wb~ci~ h~, been pll;1)flrled si!llJoe In!hIr~ Ian ,~W year,s· at: M'UaEl E:!l]1erimlenml [21m ~rl .Bogar. "fiiiS oeil:1lret I,S e~Fcre(l ~o b~u~ed nQl. o!!lly ali !lI.lIl'atiQ~ilIllln!li[liug 'Ui!!lter Iollll al:so, [flr:[~g]o:naJ, I:tillin]~g, ru::,livil:i,es fQr;}8;!'h;:!!~r~lre,. ,esJ)eci~ly food croiP~ (rice and dce·~l:i1t,ed aops),

Av.ulabU,il1 olf f~iI'lds is alSQ;}, CI)!lStmi!!Ui!ll'CO:n.di!!Lcti]J.g It~jnllll,g 1l1l1e;sss~~al :p.mjocts, wilbs,olJJlIld jIJSilification •. Me av~lab']e.

Antici:p'atedand :Needed Ch,ange's iill1tJile

Traii nwngPro gram o'Ve'rtihe Next F~ve V'E!'ars

Re-seMlcb ancru mi±mpowe-r[le\i',etopmefl'Uilll vmous NatiOiil<ll Ag;riclllt~l Re:searrcb Sy~~s (N.AR3)i:lildk:~~tI1at ~om!fN;if lJte lrmnil'lg programs. ~ Utiu:aill~y mo:m.1iged b~ IAR;Cs ~ c-an be oo:ndll!CLW w]thffi, '!he respccn1ve col]nhy , Witb lb:iS[pJiOgram,. the 1~~;!:!ag~ b!mi~J no kmgel!" ex:i~u; andfl,!!iQJl!srn:ay be obmine(!J!hw:u:cba tipeciMpmir~ct wit~i~lh.e OOt1l!l!!tty O't from 'othcr S'glJ[.ce;s.Then~ is 3. need for Giller.'; 1:rn!i;tl!~[Jg.. Sotl1Je aspeClslla:t mlllY bei:I'n!pon:m:t for n.lln:iI!1l"g~!1lAe 'Rear fuuu'c wiUind1l!delii:ceand rioe.bued f<liml.ing sys,~ems .in 'U!p~;md and In,dlI]sw<Iim;p areas.

Various c.h~h'lng~ [n 1;l:ati:o[!al ~gri.O-I[l.I'I'~!ra1.d~velopment miL\} rel<llledlo SIlSWliIlflbk'l pl)Muo[;ion sys'!em..s. efficie!u ~~ of fann. i~pUJts. qtlaHty of p~od~ct£, poveny 5!fleviaUoWl. ,and .agwu~indlJslTy in rur~] areas. Thes.e. chaUelliges require a Il:;ll[~e't!'~ !:Ia:ti.O!IM(I r$S~<:1:I $}i'1iitcm.

ne p Ocs~t]on of lARes isvlri,lry iimlpot'l:aJU:rn, ]JII"lJvidiflg g~idlmlrc~ @d di~~lIO:~ Qf~esearebable iss:ues based. on [esolllroesil;\lai~;ab]e ~o NA_II\tS. ~n so:me·cas.e~. '~~ir.l:g ffi1Y..}'-bi:; f,eq!!li\I"CdonSlXl~ial.aspc.cts for NARS sl;l:iclIlwt;,

Thereis allw '~.e pOMJibUit}' of s.o-me NARS 'ro C'&'!)' Q1;!t ~,egi@~:a] tl'li!i1il~l1grQr eXOOlnsion :pe,fSonne I andre$Jearoeh sdel'l;tist$. 'filiIis ~j~d Qftrnjfl~ng, may 1lIso'i~~,VQl ve IARCs i1!!'8truc~(lrs. F'or a ve.y spec:ificaspoeCl, somctimnesh i,Slil1l,ore effe!ctlvc !lltId efficient. to lmlvite we respeC[iveSi~~e:ntiSt(:l;) to come t@ MAR,S.

D~scus:si on of CRIIIFC (In aQnes~ a) Presentafi'Dln W~r<tS~nghe. How is the ~ke yire[dsi!l yot!!!" C(u.:!IlUY? Is .it im;::reasiliLg or decreasing1'

SlYlllml: His sortof.l]~ll:ef!lIi!S. We ofl~yreach opti!nWl1! ]ervd~, ~QW. We wOr«)' ;;ibout decrea.'i~lllg yiIC](]s" S Ol11le fi1bflllil!f:3f!\. g:el 8 lro!!!,~ per na wl~i~~ O[JjlC:rs 4 tens per ha,

Wi\rilt5:i!IiI.~he~ l~ow do y(mre~ij}tc; trotini!ng (0 tbe;!iic~ ~COOYSi~.e'm i~ yO'~'r ~g'~.l1Itry'!

SY3m: We ate conoerned on how wt:! can uri[ijl':.fld the ~pl:ands a;nd tid<i:t :swamps,

Clrlhall'f!)m~ .How do )'9U Uiliili, YOllj]' fil:rmJe~s,~

Sysm;: We do:!l't oo:mnu.nd~le dkedLy to lie fanners beeause of the T&V syS'!eJ[J wbichis (!,Q:l1,(l by

,e;x:oo!!lsi!ffi'l WQJke~. .However Ihe«l: tie some prqffi~ets where we ~,UftlctLy traifll ramen. 1111 (his, ease, w~~nlho$lC whQ will !:min ~~i,r fe~h~w £ameJ'S .

. IDiwail!::rn:·= ~a:[i;sllhe ~i.sfQi'~!~in,gQf! f:~~iI~8 SYSlI.e:IWIS?

SY'a/m~ Weare il:lte,fes~£:d in 'nliis. More Ilafl 50:f O'!lll sde~;ljsts bave bacl'l'grollll1!c:lillifru:m.wng systems. SOQIJe~ f3imHl~$ have, started to d:iv,ers:ify" W{} W3NI~ lro~p~ore CIDer poss~bm~esro'.r w:cm.

D~w<lik3ir: wOl1m~ you ]im~twrire·ba!Sed ctioppirn,g :liy.s~ms?

Sya'lT:!: ~~illi:allY'i' yes..P'OPll~irlio!1; :(lrowlhj~ ~ery h~Sre.., W,e ~!ik:e:n!be farnmers to gU;gW dee;:md ye~ we. Wa;IiI[ at.m bl cam mo,

SamUt Sayaphonl'l1• J.IM. Scll'ii'IJer2 and Viollgsavanh ManiVIol'IIQ

1 H,ead~ National' rtalnit1(J' Oefi~e,'," Naphok National Recsea.roh and Seed MullfpJication Genter, Viemlane. [A.,O PDR

~ Agrono.mls,t and TeamL~der. Lao-,;R,R{ ,Ric,s Res~rch aM Training ,ProJect P.Q~ B'ox 4195, LAO PDR

Abstralct

The Lao iPDR hla~ Ol'lly ~el8l1lvely rece ntly '!lll'lkHi!iJ·d a. p~riQd of polit.i~all s,tabilily a.n,d eeencrole development. Reflectingl this, 'tihe (:OY,j'itry hilS al'so, on1ly ree,ently' d\eve,loped ,!'iIl'iatlionaJ riCEl, rosa,arc:h prQgr,a.m ,iilrlld ,assigned ,S! I~;rge pool or :scientists arrd 'Uiilchn~cl1a n s '1:0 w'O,rk" in ~n,~s p(,ogram. The component 00 statl' assigned: to this ptogr·am IS larg s'rlh an the ,comb'ined s.1,afHn 9 of alf other crop rese.arch proglrams in ~he CQ,u,nlry. With ~hese ch,;aoges, a !pro:g ram of :slaff delVelopmeru 1M as baena:ble to be diliveloped wilhthe· rsuppo'~ 01 I RRil thlFoUlgh In.s! lao·IR Fn PJojecl, an sIDe hmded pFoject aime dat developmiH'It of Mtional rice ,c.ap'acity il'l Ole' Lao POR

'DSiSpiteUl,e: rela;lNe~ rece'nt dev,slopm:enls in rics,'r'ii1s'earelti OIndtrallning, in, 'the p,s'rioe! subslE!lquent to 1$17'5, 1be year reg,ardsd ,as 1he bir:th ,mthe current iij,ystem of 9'overnmenl 01' 'Ilie eeu nUy, sub~t,al"ltjal aS5istanc'e has bee I'll rec{j ived by laos Ih rQugh lonnrner$ocieirlSl b10clk:coi!Jll'lItries, il'lraising UilEi 't&chnica~ q,lJalificaHcnsC1! scientist$, ilHlI d technicia~s.lManY' 01 'tn ese s,1:afl arle' l'IowwoFikj!'lgiln the na,tioMII rice reslllla/reh p:!1!Jg1!"8m. Cmlilltries who ,~sslsti9d In 'lihi~s lN,ay included me termer USSR, Eil!sl 'S,arm!alny. 8,~lg<lr:ia", VI,e'~InOlJI'II. Cuba., NOrl.h i(Ofll!!'a.. Romania" China, Czecnc)t::lo,vakFa." and Poland. At: 1hel peak Qft~e progr,am, between 150(ll and .2000 Lao nationalS departii,d eaeh year for f'iJrtli'M~f u:ail11ing and sUJldie-s ill UneSiu cO'UI1IUles. altlhiou:gh ~Ih'e' I1IIIJmbe~s depanHll'1Igl C!'l'1Idthe c@unhies, assl$'lifn'9, sli,owed ,<1 marked declili'ti3l in the 11a.le'1990's.this PI'O,g ram of assiS't.mcll!j\ ceas'er:l in 1990.

With UlI,El b,realk·up of 1h'6 USS,R, many S'lu den1s h,ad '10 return 'to laos bel,ore eCHnp~e-tifig 'I helr stu diles. ApprO:Xim.iIte:ly' 60% or lLao stud:e,I'lI,ts stl!.J:dylngl 1'Ill this program, Ul11de!'i1iook S'II,nnesl,n aglrkillJltu'r~'11 ,rel'ilIted fli.elds. Howev,er •. ,due t,o Illl'lvironmental cilff,erenc,s<s b@,tw,een'thes'e' host 'c'ounldl3ts Hllld Laos, mlC!ltively1'e,w Lao personll"le,l, undertook sh,uj~es in: sp@Ciiie rice relal ad di&cil:iliflielS. MOTe recently, several coU ntries and il'llemationa~ organizations; have, also, p'HJvidad opponl:Jnlilies for 'I'l:nrlltile r stml~es ,and trainii'l'lIgl in rrce Irelalled disc ipl~rne:s, someiJmes'lin.rougti 'lo,rmEl:11 co',lnlry-lQ·cOQJI1'l1ny c:oo,perative agreements foneclhll"lical cooper~tiof1i. I'ncluded among these are Tha.iISi.fid. Vietnam, M'yOluima1r" lodorn,e:sia, and China. It is, exp,ecle,d 'I ha'l.the&e p,ogr~1'fiS 0'1 COOp9 rOl~o3il wi II contijruJE! and IliJ r1n er e)l:pam:l.

TIh§!, mEi,dll.!m term policy ofltls' Lao P'DRrlOf rice Ire,ialed training, It;i 'liO continue, 1,0 ldill~e 'O'p'portl,lnitnes for highs,r leve,11 ~rainil'lgl'~,r'ou9h organizations a!l'1l d cOlJlntries :sw:ih as U~RI. Thailand" Vletnam<;lfld C'hina. HOWeYI!:!:f" at 'lIh'~'samelJlme, <iI. p.rogram has aln.!ady eommEil'icedlO uP'£l!Fade the capacity to p,rovide ~,rainTIi,g W11thii1l the ,cQ,Urqhy., Tl'lts Is bel,ng dbnlll,!'thirolJgh a c@11'ib rn<:ol,~iolii- of IIpgrac:lJlI'I,g '01 Ctll.lrS,elS beingl ofil,e'rced by ii9l,iculltHal ,eo,lleges, aJnd 1h e dsvjlIlopmentor a f\Il'atllfcnal Tnlining Cs rille ra~dTr,ailFli!l'l9 Program, which 'wiiIlIQfferco.urses in! rice Iproduction", oomm~ncji1g1,a.bolJt mrd 1994. This Training Celiil S'F and the r'$liilt~d oCOLJirSG developme nt is; b eililliga,s$i$~ed lhr;ol,!'gh 1!!'!,A.l.lt is, pra ii!i,neall'u;lt tlhiis Training Center Willl'H)~ only assi$'t h1the dlsv,e!l,opment of personnel wor~ing inl'iioe re:ssa.rcli. bn.l~ also personne~ worlldng in eirtensioo lij'iiJ'i"Vnces:.

Aglrlicul,t!Urat edillJcatilQn 1111 the LAO PI:JiR

Tw~ lev,e]s of ,a,giiclIllural course, are ofl:'ered in 'laQ$~ i:n'I.erm~drua:1e ~e:""dMld 31d\I03IJ'i'Ced. In.te.rm.ed~a;le~e:'wl CQljlrses, :i'ldm~[ studell;1:S wbo hav,egraduatedl :from hi,gller seooVldw), schooK The COIifS-e8 are usually 3 ycan dUl'3ilio[l. AdV3!llCt'!l ~e';te:l COIl:r:SC:S 'II S.1ila:Uy adm]~grad~OlILe~ of wei f.lt~rlned hue l'evel eeurses w11;o ]!:a/ye 3i.~I~JIn:it11lUU:l of2, yea:rs WQ,ri1;:experience. Some exceptlons IIU dID!! .2 yearn wort experienoe arc Fliladc. Mos~ a~v,a![lced 'Iev'el oourses are 4 y~['; in dlJffl.~jo:n. The Ministry of Agn01)!llltl~ and r"o:r,eslry (MAf) administers these coUege.sand sc::oool,sin agriclIlU.lre. (()i]\':S1.ry and, ini;PIlQ[I.

heee are ,curreL1Uy 9 insll'Lu'Lioll'lsin Laos oifferiimg :i:nl,If:r:medliUC and ~dv!m!ocd ~e:",d studies (T:lIh:~e 1) . h~ 199'2 'mese coUe:gesand s.chiools, bad an etlli'o]~mem, ora:pproxi:ma:lel:y 1,000 studients.

Mo:~~ [~lm~M1!leve.1 mwrso~lRel 'World!"g m the 'eseM(:h alf.ld ~X'I:eI}s,i(JIn, servlees, indudjng 1d!~oWljo;u~ rice: .~esearC.b pmg!lI"am; are ,gmdl,Ul:Ies of a£jricul.tulraID schooW "in Sa.vamnkhel, CIl3!m passa:k. l.uil:ng PliaLlI aug allld V:icnl:Jialile (Nabong A,gricuUIllIUe Sch'Ool). Or'niJew ooUeg~.l1l{i Nabo:llg, Agricull'~urc Scllioo[ i,s til ~,only ,one offeri1i,g advanced lie\r~ltrnlliling w]licb 'was, first offered [.0 47 smdC:IU:S ~I'I die 1992~'93 acadc-mic )'lear.

1:,,1)111' 1.1i~(I, 11'!1l9lutlQ.n.lli.III",,;d of ClQl:lr£e ,(~) omBedl, ,ar~, ,o:r (llydJoe,~. :a!'1~ '(I!1J{IImrrnetr!t :1992.,

~II

~_IFO~ilj' ~ v!ffi!Ie!'\!i!

z l~mJ!Q~' I~~n '~, Vimi'll

~.JO~ .~i! .~I!ISlrocIJl;J'I

~~~~ 'n~~eal

il.N~fgI ~~iZl! ~6 ~n~

IrftffMll!:l[l, 'aglO!lG!!7j.

(~'I))lldi ,gi!trl!ll;

to ~ ~j IllIltih\!OOilJ i:lm,m~nbl:

7!:)'

,{. Pa~JIl~~ !!Um!e~ :aQfOOO!!l/. ;1; 3i' ~. 1\11 I~
~II~ <IlfIi'fi.aJI
S!;tl~L itv'i!tr~',
~ ,lI1:'lOlllbn
~I C!'l!!~ ~~~ ,;!QfQMrIiI. 55 24: 31 nil !1;6
,~~ ~I
k~ .. P.;w ~i'
lj"~MlIy
Wi'I(;(I'
,II. 'SaYilII\IlJ.MI ~!lI1!)Ij~~ ~I)fflmt. 71 .~~ ,4~ '!!ill ~({.I'
"'I:I~' ~~
~ IUN~,
~~n~1)'
.$Il~
1; N!W!~m !IU~re fD'~i'j' '100 ~i 7T rIiI ~
Aeg~n
Hlmlf;l'
~J
e. 'Oemll'a! ,!!(E1.~t>lj fD~ ~ 121 12!l ~ :~
:~
f~I!W1)'
f.LiTool
19_ SGui1'IBirrI IkIl~~te ftlresl!)' i"(I j\Qi 'I~~ Iliil 2~,7'
I~
1~C)~iY
~tooI
GiU'NmOT~l. :~~ IWg '1,1 11iJ'.'iJl4 ~~

,I ~. ~ VQti~'I' 5er.!ce ~I!d ~!f,!iI~~I!;!:III;I ~ ~s r;mi1 Q1' II'I~ ~1~lQj)tiI)iIi

5(;)~ 7JuI.~nmorl foo,carion ""rlls' Lao' PSF!; IfS' CW':I'i!?ntS/.s<rus anr:1 p,((J.specls fiN Imem<liir:mal Co(lpe.rat&m., FA,Q ViBI1Jiatlll'. ~~9'93.

IDrem1!6d:ia~e level OOl!l~S, haI'II'e· 'Unlfe;[lwjO[ neil.dis of study ~a:8Ir<m,Qmy, m'liimal, blllsbam:Jry and fasm mactl~ne;ry .e Stllldc:n:ts Iillilldlerutle·a oomm.oll OOlJirsc OifSlUd.y lorll1Le fir,s~, twO ')'eMS pd ~p e~ecl W Specl1l1iz-e tflll!.elhird y~.Fo~lhQse l:'lominal~flga,gro!!<rl1Wy. ri«: j:I[,OdliXC~iQ:n t.flchllo~ogyoO'm;prisecS ~bm.:!t 20% of ~e <;OUr$e ,c.umcililillmi.fo;r ad'l,l:anced levd sUld:ies. :!lrudelJll5Ii1;Clm~!:'!a:iIe O]l~ ofil'WO di:SCI~~Unes. Avo:nom:y Olt AI1i~malH!lsban.dry .• [ro:l:IIJlhek ririi~ year. f'o~ S!l'lJd)erlts<in Agro:nomy. rice pliQdill.!ctifm te('bno~()gy eomprlses aoollllZO% of U~e oo!!.!~ (;UIlTiC!I,t11)1:m.

N ra,n ciI e 9 Ire,eTlr;a.i In i: n '9 il n IR i ee P':Ii"O a ucti (111i1 n!l!cli1lnology

Tr:a~ningthrough l~ FlA~

.(llnll!l17S1 DtI!fi'lii!g me pelliod 1968 IlO t91:3 a S!'l1li~rn!lumbef of Lao offldatls ~amci;pa:~ m eUhene;sea!f:cbcn,1Jemed ~~i~g or st!Q.!it-[enn. courses aJl mru: each yea!" (T:ab]e 2): .. a.m1l.lm.bcr !of wese Ita,i:neesrook up te$.lde:IlCe: WI'i western Cm.irlUl'es fQUowi!llg IIlw cb~,g~ (If: ga"'cmiJill.CllIt~f1 1'97.5.

n7'.8~hRe~3'1JiveL'y fe.wLao sc~e!tI:i:Ms ~d~bflic:ius lIr1!~enlJok I:fajj~i~l:l in 'wesoo.n~ OOtlfltne·$ d:ufllI1ll rob period, iirldl!lding atmru. as ffi.e.emphiHiswasp:laced On l~cllilli!kaID <'Ii:ld dicgr~e l'mit'ling in nl,('1InY ,of U~,e fOlilne:r :SQd:;i!~~s'~. block:

IOQ!]llIlries inCluding the fO['JI,1e:r USSl't •. Ea:stGel:lill:an,y..B ulgaria. CiIi.l'lim ar!dV~e:~OOlIlJ' Few ,o.f th~ d~.g~!oo poogrn:mJs .bad siP~dffi:c;re~c:~'a!ll(:e~J)ricep.roo.lII.Ctiio:n n:c.bi[lo]ogy .1ioweVler, ]0 the ~rure ~.9g0s" :anl!lrn100f of fellowships fOJ.m(lr:uJegreett.~!'Inlflg ,all m.WU wc~'e Qlffe.l'\ed to Lao sciel'lwts.

:P!:l!;~ 19'D~TheLao-lRRl Pro~('JCI~ ",,]li,cl) is .rum~ ~t (Ieve~:op~[Jg a nauenal rice ~~I:!ca;pw:;ily lin tlIe Lao PDR, CQ:llliulIlel'lcedin .A:llIIglJSlli ~·H)O. S:ig,nmc1Lmll!! !:lumbers of Lao wUJ'mi]1,ee.s lToilil'l U'l:is [J~gf'.un d~ n(:u:C'mlerth~rn.Rm Inanclie,g['>ee prog.rn!filll:!~1~il1992 dille 10 In:heili:m(: l'e()juire[J m.recruits'!.:lffinlQ lh.e t!al~or!1liI rlce~~e~cb poogr~ and to' undertake ~Ie reqjllli.red .. Englisb 'l.mgiUa,gl6~fl~!1gro ,~ab~~ I~cm to' k acrepl!edi~w rn.R~ liIJonde<grefM;:ollirs~ .. 1l can 'be ,expeot,edlh~t Lhem. w:iH be a !:I'igh ~eve~ ~r Lao !JliMLidpaUO'I'I in mRI w,<m}~~egree OOtlfSes· fQf'iUletil we next fl.ve ye3lrS.

P>I~oo '~f99~!Q ~~t" tl:.:!!g.I~R! P/oJ~O

Valli 'Vt2~~
19~ 2
I~&li 2
1:9111!l a
1~1' 6
~'!112' :l
1973 5
1 fiN
~g~!i 'il'jjilJ JIiIlIlOO!i
199C1 ~
ItI9~ 2
1m 15
tm m
lS911 I'~' 'l'~r vra~
19'ffl
~m
191,g
1m
~~
l~! ~
'I~
I~~
.~~
l,S95
1~8Q
I~~\l' ~.
~,~, ~I(l
1,~ 2 INloin~~IRI:'RII Sec'ond iQ'DlInlry Tlr,a~ln~ng

Post 1990; Sc've:ral ClQl:.lntdes Iiltilv,e Ifl:sta.'Mi shed ooope-mlive assistance pro,S:J'aiD!IiS.both fo~al :aJ!d~!lfQrm~. IlQassistLaos ~n p.lXlgrams of f'le:r.soll;)lI:Iel development, Moot orl.he~e :pmgl1lmsofass~Slaflce.a:re no![ s~ciric toagric!Ultijj~,e b~IL do ~1lc1lUd\e, i!WI sgriclJ][.IJ~lll oom.pone,1I~:.nm:~;md bas fe!CeflUyp~~vjdoor(l{!i a sigmj:l]~t. FOgfllllIll ot ,ass,istmce,. iliJjc~lJd:i~i 'Ilili!:, r<tgriic,ull:ll1m!! sector, ltilllj"O'Ugh!ilS, D~lne:~t of l'c:cbui('4j Wld :&cmomic CoolPe:mri!QlI >(lYrE C) ,.13 otb Itlleg.ee 'lunderg!;ildl:.l<'iite aIld pos~grndJlliare), a!Jd !'!!ondegroou:rufl.1.lng ·~s cove:re:dlil, the:a~me:n;L Vt~~ and A!1!Istrai!:~a ~!sohav~ ,s~,gm:i:l]Jc<mt :pr(lgrams of ,~er-sonnel dey,elopIt'W.nt ~s:istul~. ~~d1onesia :and MYOO'ni!J7lil!,r .~,av~ :a,grree:m!elll:$ specific [Oli lie &V>e]o~mem,ofpeirsQ]Jrn1e~ in lhe agrlcult;lIIrai1 sect'o{!i., ASSlSti:l!JCe: is also prov1d!ed1 tOil ~p,grndililgLao ~poerSQ:nmlil:l~ wOil'kingin ItlliJe: agricuI It:l.f<ll secilOr lil:rmugib. va:rio:usmte'matio:liiru org3ml~ti(lillS i.!1;c]wli~gFAO Oi_lf'Iiti UNDP. Mo'.!( developUllent p.rnjecu WOfk:iI1liS i~ Laos iIl,lIve a. large prorvisilOrI fO'f p~~I1~el (l!cvdO'pm;C~l,S!onu~QifwbiC:h is for l:I:lliIinlng Duts~cr~of!ll~ 'Cotl~lby .•

Ai c:e trellated.ttra~nitnglne;e>d:$ lo,f~l:1e LA.O P D R: ru.oe. is tt1emo~t ~m~~~t.agric~tU:Ii:ru! oorn.Dl,odhy wil~b~ th~ t~@ POR. OOCi[JPytlllgIlThQ[!fl than :810% fif tllile cw,pea ,M,ca. Y iel ds and b:.lal p:rod~H:;ti.o~ IJ lui er [he[l edod of 'coo;perat~sa!~QI1' orrarmnaCilivi~ies inthe ]aoo 1 ~mls and eawly ~.9g0s showed a ded~[!e. POl' th~$ mason ·the· gQ'!!Iemme'll:l ended the ~tmress,otl' ~s!ab]]sliLina:J:atm:I, COOp~rnJ!lVes il:lllae mk~ 1918.0s.:. m.OsJt ooCpe~lfv{lS .IMI.ve sll!Imequelldy been [ris.hEmCled.

C!:!I'nro,t :il~!'m!!lent,oli~y eoruplla:sID~ 11!b~ mh~b~tilati(JllIof ri.oo ,goowIQgareas,. wim jto~nt o~jecltv>e8 of i~creasi~8. yieldS m'ld pr,cuj~ctiQI:'I fmm ~e ~ai:fllmd ~Q,w1:and :andir:rig,lli~m:J e~JIl.l!'n-Ol1Dile,nits. ~.o, ach~ell'e g:rea~er Doe s.e[f~&U1m.cie[l!cy forme C01;!~wy.

I~ .acih,ie,vmg IIDesC dbjective!ifecog!'lHion has ~ell! g~ve~, t.o' '11l1~ need to mise me levern of ,e::o::,ermisein rkle Pf'Od!!JOOO!!!!.OO~!!'I.o:J.ogy~!.'! llilile 8!1'~ ofres~b. eXle:n$~OO and 'famter:p[\@dlJcoon:.me: :i~le.£~'ependehce Oflhete ~evels. is ams.o w~Ureoog,!liz~d.. Rieoogn[[i:ooiruas also, beengiv,e-m. ~l) we meed :for me morganiz.atio[llof gov.emmec:llt ,en:lJlies resPOIlJis:iib:lc for Im~~td~istr.u;i,oo'ofl:hese ~livfi~es;.lro,f;lns:~lh{;l ~,P9in.tmJeIU of persa:l'llnel: w,iilal!lJ]l'piI"Op;r:iale skiUsM'ld d!evelop:llIlerU GIl' Sijppo:f!H~,g Q~:g;a:!.'!iUllkl~Ull :!lttI;!IQ:tij('es. ~Q briing <lbol!l t iimPNiVf;m>eIlU. Cbmgecs have mduded 11l.e(~Ofg<m~z.aiti,on of 'Il~ Min~stry of A~nool'~1::!ro ~dI F{U't;sUj' and Ile.pi!nmJelllits withinlllii.sm.inisl:ry. lo>ge;ther w~tbagrea~1i deg~ of CCf.)ttaJ]~tion of p~ffiI.lIiiin,i;, lb.is :reorganil:'!l;iJem is ol1Fgoing.

St:a!ff~ng and edu:cati Om! ~eV\e:ls itm, t!hie Mi,ni~s:~r, of Agtrii,cultlll!',e,andfQtr'es~I!'Y'

As of June 199'3 I:be~e W(;lre !l.P'pro)!:im..Ii!te]·y 5,800 ~ple 'employed in gOivemm,e·I1ll senioo ~i:l 'UJe r.1e.~(l$:o:l'a;gil'iliC4l]I!Jlil~ •. r.o.res~. ]ive.'Smc~,.iffig~tkll:!M!dgo!l,i'~I'WI!n'.'m[.~drn~tdS!h~lQIl •. Abo1i.U1100 (29%) Qir tbes.:eper®O[JJne!1 are b3!e~.~n V:ierl"!j~e IWd4.106 f1 :ll%)aoo baoodh~llle re:gi.Q!n:a!Ia~ri:cg~W~ scnkes oiffl:oes (Tables 3i <llIld 4)., NIl!m:belB.bowe\~ef" .awep~O'm~ed ~£), 'OOredllc~~ by a~~l20% fIISp~ ·ofl1llie. o:ng,Qli:n:g :pmoess of reorganizaticm andrntio~rui1;!};li<m,.

MAP HE:ACClI),ARtrnEnS SCHOO!,;!) IEXPT ST:A:miI0NS
rJiolema I _ lom~ 1111£l~ l)ooroilEi Di~m lIIIw TOiI".AL
:OewS!i _low__ : .OeiliitlJ.e~
1 I I II I
17 .~ 57 ~ 51 17 nll. '59 4Jl!
HI 4 .4 00 SO 92 136 20~ 1:!<! 7'~3
1:!. 1i 2: ~ 4JI '22 as,
H 2 3 32 2S ~1 .3{) 18 S 1~6
9 I :2S 't8 32 91
92 ~4 12 '52 sa 191 1179
.~ $2. :2'1 'm! 't67 'iSS .354· ~:2, Z64 17013 FORESTRY

IRFlIGAllON

:S~.ce: fJt8~ Fif'lal Repm fet N8,r1~ lrr~/S'tGd &,rs~~Io!D 0IIl11 .R~stuuctlPru!JMmmQ Proj9f:1., Mini$~O" Agrlwl~wa and Fcfl'll.'ltty" Lalli PM. JunB '~99S.

pr«MNCE AGROC:tIlru~ I rofl~STIilY uy[3i'0l ,I(

U~STflimS DIIQ IIp_ wYr 'rn;i Ilil' .L1lW IDe!! ,,"1:1"

I~Ot!WlY I • 1:2~ :21~ ~ I· ~,~:~ 2 I~' n II I 2 I 31 3~,i1'1

ILJl;!.I;NGI~M'iH" I ~ I 3.~ .~ j ~ ,H,'~·~ I '~3 I~ 9 3 II~ I .. ~

~~A1T~_~~ •. ~EU=· ................ -+~3~~5~~~~i+-~~,~\=S~~$~' ~~-b7~~5~~~~k"~~~'9F~4F~1~1 ~~~-~~~~~IS~ ~ ~ 169

llO'VAL$Ii)' ~~~~!l~ ~;!+I! 4Q:W;O' ~ ~1 ~ I~ ~'O ~ 11 ~ 2>SlI! :~ l.i!l9'! "~~1

SOWCB; ,CtiI\III Fins~ RepM' tor NilNonm ,~flreg!llll;e" EXta!l~lOrrlihl'ld RO'sQ.i!m:h progmmma P:riQ/flct IWIlIs,flJlrl"A,gn'Wn~.en~' FOt!(l,~W. .blo,PtJR" .~ t99a

Abotl~ 1 S% oflh:e above 'WQrk force hI~V\e a Y!l~'!I~lShy ,degree. most. ot wbom, Mei~!n]eVi.eflthme are-a. OI:<}(IIJaleS of I\~: 3, )'~ oo[~Je.&l,es or djplQlWl~ ~old:ers,acoo~flil for 49% of (!he govemmem .agric:uil.luraill wort Ibr-ce; mos~. ,o:l'lheSJealic I~~ared ~n provin,c'jal: ud di81~C( a,gr~culmrnl services offices.

Rice ,R esean::1h nain ~rnig NEH3ds

CU!I1I'f(RtWy tbe.reMe abo~~ 7'5 per8o",~e.lc(jiIWlm hood ~a We ~~Li!ol~al dee :res~c1iI, p:rogram (Ti;lib~le 5). The ~ysremart:ic iI!lp~ing of sldUs II.lThcW q~a[~fiJC3;tiOli'!iS of In:hes,f;perno!:'!l'!e!l ]las ~dy Wen imitiared througb SOCassislmla: fl,ovided Ill1wolJgb ~e .l;a~:I:R.ruReseMc~ iml~ Ttmlflill.g PIoje<:t.

'Ill:i~ .P.roj,ect, is p:oojiecw!lro lbav·earn. ~mp]e,'m,efltll!i{J:nJ ~riQ~ 'ofaJ[~eas'~ l5 years. di~d~g wMcl!. (hue (h.e p[logm1'll of I!Ipgro;d~!1g is'laiff wondlll:g wiililhe.'litilltio[l3] :rice[esearch p1!ogram, will bea O'llS,oiflg,o:l1I;e.lle de"e~o~1,to'l'fJefScmoel witl~in the JliaJUQ:lllru rice resea:rc:illp:l1ogram ~slak:ffing [plam ~L '11rroo ~e;ve]s:

1. Upg;radln8, lc'l!e:ls@fkm)IYil~dge (),f ~C~ mCiul!olo.8.Y fhr aruru :keyresear-fh secli:olli leadc'!'.'l. bo'lllil ,ccn!:ffiUyandi proVifllc1ru:Wy ~ed" t1uo!:!gll pMi'cip.~lion ~!l TRRI no~degree ~n:i[ilg :p.rogmms ,an(J,IiI01Iu:1leglfee work ,e.:xperielilce. 'f.rn,i:s progm:m .1:5 .. alil1~dy wen advanced.

2.U:pS~;wi[l;g lev,els ,of knowlec:lge: or rice rec~;Jg:1o:h)gy ~o;r agncultillrnl ~ecllim.iciml:S, tJ~oo~:g;h. [)~d.p:ati!olll, lIl1J ~.Q:IlI{I~,g:me Wlirn~ng, ~:our,se;s co:ndll!lcted in~c(JlJ.iDn.l:iJ. 'f.hisprogmm. h1l.\! been Um~((~d~YlWQ :Cij(!!lsW!.i~!LS: ~.Ii!!d:: of .!'If,);!)lil)p;riale ~'<!(jnil1.g tf,u::i I:irtles. W~(llili!n. the 'C)Q1LlHl,l:ry, ana a. lack of 8Uitllb[y qlilaUF!e~ pC'rsOl:n:n~,I, ~~)I.1I!'1denak~ 'llleni!iiJing i~ (he Lao I.ang i.1.age. 'Both me:se ~ss~esate beiogacWd:rossooand the flrst m.R[ s'liilin.d!.ard C:QII!IFSes Me" 'pllmmledi 1'0 00 offerodi in,ocn:II:1tryin. mid 1994.

3. Upg.radi!1g of qil:lam~ca:t],on (If ce:1'I1.rllHy and pr(l!l'.iIil,CiiaJly 'ODed, ~e:s~d:l ~Ie,aders wrougb high.er degree: studies ... AUlm,ugb a (,e]ilJlive~y 1a:r!CI:n:lm~C:ir ofresmm.:lnlL'lfS i!!:Ie ~eoomed as !J~v~ngM:Scleve:l q'~aill[fi~a!Ij,ons (Tab~e 5) •. ffij'WY ofmeq;ualifica!tiionsobffiiined ~n :fm~mersocial:islbloc1:: COl!llllries am-c ElOlgi.v.en In:he- Siml!C, level Qrre(log!l~tioll i~ nal'!-.sOC!,alliiS!l Com:lme-s. Some oflheiSe ~e.r'Smuu,:ru Wl]ru bo SlPQ~:sollied fo["MSc lieve] U'~i~g !.!nd~r flt.l]~owsbjps from W~\1II)IW~ SOurces .a:re ava;l]abl!fi::,. A.t:!;afl:geflmletl~ w m be SiolJ!Sb~ lQLlipgrade !)(lme [)ip~,clfl~a le\i'(ilpersQJll;!l;c} to Degreeltveil. thfougb fi1l:Mer smdie.s in. T.hal:~and. These prog!lll:m's w~~~ be~n~tiia:led ~Il m994.

l'dle i5:~ Clig·a11:nca!llol!l~. QrPm~o;nnel ~n.the'Nat~ollillll "m~eResem'CiIiI P~Q:gr3!11l1

PhD

Vie!"l1a~llIa'k .Ailmill

RiI~~IIIc:n \!'lentl:!J1e P. S13l1ann~~~ Cm~mpM:!Ia.~ Kllammotlllns· ~~maruri Sariif!llll!Hl 8Dni~rm:ly :)lje"lll!:hooan~ ll:lMg ~ir,m'bl!n~ O~c~mxd)' IHbw¥JlI:m1il :L'U~ng fjamtms Phongs;aIj! Tg~aI

iUlpgr,aaii 1119 ,cifli,ngillish l.,angu age S!kiiUs Reflectif.lll:l.he fact that me U!O PDRwas once admh~'ist~clCl by Ff<lflce. l.bef'r~l'Idh ,Ianguag<e Ulmer tha$l.erlgUS.1lI ~~. '1HuJI rel3!~ive~y _~.eC()ntlJ, been, !.he, :m:aiJn seoorlalai~gll;};g.e of me ~OlInll1. MMWY oonior ~d I!Um~kl~er.;mki!ll,g ~Q\ilcnlmemu::Qmloia!ls. MiC @n",e:n,tlymo:refamilillC wi 1J:IFre:n.ch than E!l!gHsil. Tlile 'ordly seco:nd i!3[!,1li.l!i).g,e OP(~PI'I fOIi many ofnJIlescierlt,]SlS am(l OOt;:ihffil.idacn$. lin Iln,e Lao Miil1islly(o( Agnc-'Illuare and F'Ol1CStry dUJring!lecoill'dlafy SCllOOIJi:n,g:. ~s :F1'e'lllich. F~rlher,rGr thmi.e wbo' 'l.!!lIdJenook £url.lTher Slll,d~e\!l 11ll soci,a.HSl block o~untnles ~n the 1 970-siJllld 19808, l[heydid ~obMhel[jj[lgq;]aJl,eQ:HhelComa~¥ where ~ey were ~lllJdy ing. 'fb,e Inel,e:fil':ect ba:s~OOi] li!!,gJil die gernlefa],level of ,con'pe~e!1cy ~I~ English ~a;UlgM .. ge .of Lao S'Cre:lllists ancltecliolciansis ge,neICaU}!']ess, I~~~ for I,UO\1nIY othe~ ciOllinllies mllliJ!t:;re,gio,n. It i$l:bc~,c:fQ~~[eoognized th.lIt.ihe[ielias lID be a oom~lirunlent IlO rn:~s~ns Engl:is:it mrulg;uiGlge[e:Y(;ls o[ Lao ~dC'l:II;i!iIl:S aJII(ll~cchnid;an:s,prior [olJM;lilf bc,inga:l'-iIc to rlYrsuc eUhe~ !'!o:lldlcg;rec, or degree, ttmning ol:ll'$:ide o:l'laios. U.e one except]o:Q, ~s. whelm weSeSlllid~e8 are !i!,~HJe~t*~~ ~[! the Thai l!'!i!1g'!l!~ge:mOM Lao are fa:mliHa:r wlw the TMi laflguage •. n~ 'L..;:w..lRR.[ l'iroject has~COg.~liwd (I~~ EngUsih. !ansul~ge;lI1liil'ling f1efJda:nd has 3irI. 'ong().i~g progmlfr! to SlG'<":lJdUy u~,grad~ I~e il!ngruiS:h. ]~l:'Igua_ge ilJl:ills for key $ci,el~ti:sts. However. !.he neeCI ~snO!l.li'e:[ bemgme:[ in otmler areas :SYC~, as e::li.,tC:l~Ki.on.

EX1iens~o Ii1li'iloe Ir,elatedtr:a~n Wn9l1'ilB,e ds:

Afba:~o~:aill,e~ro~sicm pl10gram has yetw be:de.veloped forl'lie U!O pmtRecent AnB ecstimaoos have sugges'leda 'lileed f'Of .3:JP!pnJxi:m;3[eLy 12,00 disWC!l lir3,vel Ex.lie~sio!lwod;::~rs W sene thecolII~try. The (;'I~\Ieropmel1JL of :alnY nmli.omLl exte;I1L~io~ PI:'OgDll w~U ~f!q'll,i re IWlile deV'elop:m'Glrlt (l:f a.m~(lr in-o(Jl.mtty tra~nmlil:&l C'alpad,lywhkb win t:la.ve lClmneC~ Ute: s:ig!~i.fief~CC ,of rk;e; t:w'tIIl fla!tio:~:aru]y andlo imdiv~,dLlal hc:m:5ieitlO:ld:s (almost 3.1 ]~aiim; heu sebolds g:ro,w rlee 'l<l meet th~ir fa:m.Hy reqw!We!ltl.~Il(s)' .•

[);8velopm,ent}s ln the LA.O PID[R tit) mee't rm,ce rellatedlrainiliil!g! needs of the 'C(Hmtry

The Lao M.i~i.strJ '~f Agrh::;l[Il~lllreamd COO[)flrnlives: ~:as a. pol.iJcy u> devel.op programs oifuai1iiing in-COUll try. i::a1lJ~cw' ttI$1lI diepc;Ridl Onl ,se~di!1!g bo, tnl1f1e~s o:~u~de l[he COllll1.!:y fo.r further ~~In~llg. 'fhclleq,1!Ii:remelllll (Oli a ~:ig;n, 'level ofE!!lgUS:~laflguag~ skills ro~ ni]l ifig aM SHlJ(]ies in ,oountrl~ o'!ller than Thllil:and isa r.:n®ljor,co~Shiliiil. :(or :~owe[ ~e,ve~ re~hnffieru, SMlff.H:Owe~er. .U: thesame time it js ~roCOgif!.I~.d, Ula~ h,[gher ~:e:',fe!,i:rn;iuililg; fbi, we trume bei,lJlgw~U :il'1l.'I"e (J) be pursued OlJtsid:e: of ttle: 'CO'I!! flUy.

Dev.elopm.ellt$ ~ 'ClM1\'lnUy I~in!llil]aoe wi n:h in t1~eLo!'o national agrk:l!Illulm.1 ,researcbprogram whicb win have ;;lippHc~tio!'l ~.o o:~er areas, pMticIlIIMlIY:il,glnc;illllllf<'l~ !e;x'lela,siOll. TIwollgb we :SVC :!lIJPlPOfled u.@-nuu 'liiojecl, a Nal:kma] 'frailifliflg ~(!tef is bcrun~cQ]]$trl1c;1.ed almlJl~ 30 kJ:lil from Vierll.i,uQ(l. 'Ill is f:e[l~e-!lfw iU 00 compl~~ed blythe end 0:[ 1993 <illdw.inpli1J.v:Wem::ool!!Ml'lod~l:io:!l. h':,."Iiching and (Hl'lil1lg nu:i]hies WH~li:~, ll~e 3i11Ca of 'lhe N;]x:i(n~~] Reseafcll l1I'I1d Seed Mulij][JII:iC1l!lion. Center, wllich 18 also, lln,e roru:nCfm~crfor rice

[l\el~lcdresearl!;b. Tille pmx,~roHy of me TrmnlWlg CeaJlm.e:r t.o, lbe resevch. faci~li.lk~s w~~~ ai~ow tlle d~\iielo]i:mentQf a ~il'aCtkaJ ~m,p~asl~ ~n mcerC!;8ited tmlllliing C01lI:r.oe:s tobe Qrfend ilirolJSJH lD.e Celller.

With illcSsis~ce ff(~m we Hm][ Tlamrng oefl'~e'.i.m the fifS't ilalfof m99i41Xl,son~e~ f~QID the Lao N'~lioJWa!llf~ajoilnll, Cen:~er will. lIoderg,o s:pc>c'ialized 1~1!I~1~:flla:t mRl :ifl me oovclopmcnl and oondllCl of trIlilin~ng courses b~ tbe: Lao la!ngI:lJgei, The filrSItoftbcsecowrsesin ']3,asicR:ice.Pl'l)ductiOlill· i~r,~a~nle~lo k o:rr~ to Lao. ~ecl~!:!i!~~!us ~f! utLdl'994 ~tl]}e Na'l:iOI!a[ Trai;I~~?g Ceaiee, Other OOtil'Se$, wi.U be dJevelO'ped la:te:r. Tb.c fllC!.h~J' ~If!d I:h~ 'l:i'l1I:tnil'lg 'OO1i!:rse;s to be: d.c;vclio!,)td wlll a]s:o inaJ.\I\eapplicaiU!l)1!! [0, lheneeasofLbenJJi~m[lale:~!.e<llis~cm rlfiogfru~+

Il)ev:e:lo'p'mlent: 'of ,co,lll abOll'ai~hJe: II'El'S:CHlIlr'lchaln.d tr.a~n~ng ,prOQili'am . - .-

The Lao Ml!lislil'of Agricu~.nue :;IiI'IdforuS!WI"y bas ru:so1OOt1C<1'1itly embru1\:c:dioo iI: :Pf1OgrMliW, el:lculJ!rageco'JI~tmlCll.~i\i'eres:eMC1Ii! witb oU~ef !'IamiolO~1 ~.a ~n(.c:IWUiui!onai O\I'gPll$lions. Severn] o:rgan~M~ions inc~uding, i\CIA'R (A~ ~,trall<\'!~ !C~f!!wr foil" ]111~le r1l1.aliunO'l.~ A gr~,cl:I ~ lura~ R.es,e i'lIte:!'!.} a.ndU3 S RAM ([m!!m~dQnal. B~ (or SoililsR!eSiea:I'Ch amid Managem.clIilll) •. a:lIre~aJy .~v'eooll<libornlivc rese-arehi pro~:OOIS it! LMl rioo.gllOwi:nlg eJ!lvu''C)nmeflts ofl.aos,An b;po~aJju. oomponent otl'Lh,ese pl)Ojecl:$ ~s. Itile associated ~.nin:g.. mOSI[ olf wilici1! ·lts.of:;!l. speodaliled l~ocbrlk~,1' nawfe, C,Qlla.lbQta:tive l:r$iln~ng pm'llmms whk:h.iJldu:d!e.ICa:in:~n,g,i.flaspectS,o:rrice:pJodll:c(knlll'~hifiology are co've!red fuy llg;reenu~,t]lS;wilfi Tlkai Imld. Indonesia. V~~U!!aDl ruld Mjlanmitf. Tb~ .~1.!lf!!h~rde¥c,IOI))(Iy.Ii(~nt~f such ,~g,ll~bor,3!tl ve liln]i.:s and l~ro;in,i.!1ig QPpon'l!l'lIIi~es ~ b~ ex,pe:(:ted (0, OOfl(il~u!c •.

Ill'IifonWi aillilD,n ·so,ur,ces

Drab. Fin a ] Re:po!1 :ro~ Natilimf!al~~te:grn~~d E:U~:!lskm and R~Sll'arcb .Plro~J'amme Repon,Mj~i:!ltry of Agwh::'llIIll.nre <\[Id Fo[;e~try. LM,POR. Jli.lrole ! 993,

Agr:ic-!iJl:!1JIrnlE.dMcatlOl~i:!ll.he;lao PD'R:]~ O;Jnrc!'Ii[ Sta:Ll!IS and PI:'O~ili1'octs for Inilerl:la'ma3!l Coopemtioll. f:ALJ. V:i.el][~ane. FejJ)m<l!lJ ~.99:$.

~992 Ani~~tld 'fectIlIDka1 .Report fO'r IDe, Na:lio:na]i Rice Research PlI'O.£rllfIIIlInd l .. ao.I,Rll:J Project JlIDly~.993.

The La~-llUtr Pt'ojCtCt. and The N~tiQnafRioe .Rc.sem:'tl:!

Pl"9gr.;m;l .fo~·lhe Lag :rDH, : :rm~Bnef

IJlscWlssio:n, of La.C! PIr€'sentati:cm Cbbafi!'l~nl: Who is yo:yrLa!lg~l. !l;i,idi'flnce?'

S!1!ycJ,clmplllOim 'f:lile firnl. un,ge~ Me lec!l'!i!1ic~::ms ,of Q~r Millllistty of .AgriJc!:dn.!ffl. Theswoml moe sruldelwts. Artier scli!oa,t wewa_nt'liO ~1!I5tyd~ts am ~lhe ~m.cM:cs!l as'pects 0:1' ri.ce.fn scboo~. mey .~gi"'oo m.ore tbeory.

CiMt3fom: Do yo~.lhI~vc 1m}!' colla:OO:ral1oln, WjUlll;Slriru'l~ i,llst~tlJtjolls?

SaY~<l!PQn: Yes, bcc.ay~ i~i$i~:stiWlion belo.H;g;s ~.O me sDllflm.inisiry.

Cihihllfom:Wlhl:u w:ey<Jllf Inilili~g pL"lID'!s.1 Sliy,g1J;!'!I"'D~We p1u 11.0 1l!!1rl:nJruSQ l~CI~rnlid.t'ntS· from. !.he:

Pli!!lv.~[lces:,

Cllililafom,~ DO'Y01!! .. hiavepliDs rnd'e!;'e~~p luiniQ]:ilmOll!ten~~1' ,S~YGlul!~n~ 'V,es.

SYIiiIIQ:1 ~~amedlhl~ yO:tl spealk: the smThel,ru:!gu~ge as, m~Th3:,L Do Yo'!iJlt!aVeMliY ,Ips gif!!lls;i~g !~_pelitiise of Thai?

S!iyghapon:I bQwLlitE!twehave:ml1l'l,eoo~~llffilommjv,e; pf:oj,ecu wj~1 l'l!ta~Wmdl. MOil!lJ LaOS~jl)!(kmts study in Tha:iIM~. espe.cma:Uy at. Ka!l.elmm. U~iv~(.!l~~~.

Mallhmy= The ream ~eader of the Tbai·Laos,RiICC: PrQJ'f;lCl. bas, oonu:acrod ~.e Thais (0 U'ain LaQ.;~ "~e:lIliS[s: imIii!ceprod!lilcrmom.He has br(lIilgbt some Tthai WIlners~Q uos.

Saygl1!Il!pom AII~.g!!llg~ lIere :gre ~ol:iJan:s .be:re ~I:l l'hau'llIDId 1!!te~3Juse Lao is WleM iliim] 1omgl:lag,e ~s me sa:m(l, English o@mm~:n;~cationlis s~jn :,'1, prtib~em.,.

Current Status and Future Dlrectlon of Nondeqrse Trai In 'in 9 in M:yan'mar

'Dist:r/ct'Manager, Mya.nma Agr:i'cuitu:re SeNicB, Myaung MycaDiatrfct" Ayamady Division" Myanmar

~.Principal at fM OemraJ AgriculWral Devefopmef1~ rtai_nif1~ O,entre. MA,S, MyanJll'la'"

Myammuw ]5 aSOl.llIDeOllt A8ii~ ;;I_grk~~lur,a1 'CO\ln;try, wbe:re 65% of t:h.e l:'o',pui~aijQn is enga,ged w~1lI agnc~hl.lJre and i!lgwiic!lllmre~re~iawdJobs.. ]\n My.m.8,!i" 12, IIIL~ni:OIJi aeres (1l.8: m~Uklil hcct:arei) is under wet seasO:!l. paddy cl.]ltivaltiQIl and 4 miU~o~acoos ,(mJ)' mil1[o:n, hec~)IlIil:~eli' .s!Ummej'~lc[y C'UHivaIliQn.

nts c]eru' dun Myamnm is m:aifllr ,de~eRde!!'!~ 'Of.'lti~ Wl~od!.!ctklf.! a:ndllTMsfer ofn.ew ~.ec.hl1!o]olg,ie.s; W, ~(le p:rod~(mg farmcrn ilsvery Gpo!r:wu.nis ttans:fcmma! process, ~11 M:r3W1!1!naris f~lfill~d by '~e Agricllln:llie Eltte~siQ:~ 8,_:£ (AES )0:£ .MyOOmaf Ag!ic'iillt~re Sec'f'l;';ice. (MAS).

Ther-efore. 'CO!filiti!ilI\ijQl'Is~n,·~ef!jiiC(,l:u:a:ini11lig fOit AES ~[8ol!l'!!e] Is es:sc,llLi;amW emJ1fI1'II:ICle, '!heir ~edbir![cals:ll::iUs. !J]Id C:!1!nble [h!em~o di.sse«li~Jte new tochno~ogY~9 farmers m lnerease Q!iOI) yie~ds .

. ~n MyMlJ!!'!W:, .p:r,cv~oil;l:S u:ain,ing forlhe AES on diff"~r,eJilI~ stlbjects wa:scfiIliUlI1ClClda:t t1we v~o!,l!$agri.cl:lUma!l ~ramJJ:s ,Md reseru'cb sta!tiolils .. As lfume elii!l~;sed. we au:lho~tf.e.s eoneerned rea]i~d lhal: ~.e sca.iIeI:OO lta.ilirnJ~ng WiOlllld be beuer o:rganize4 amid m.o;n.i.~o[edef€Clcti ¥ely 1rcoml!~utre~ from a si~\g[e pllac.c. A®a ~uuU,. in 1981 t1Ul, pres.ecnt. Cen!t:JIl )\,grh~tI]umd D~velOiP'1lliIIflmIl: ,[rni;n~ng, Ce~oor (CAnTC) was f(l!UlfI!(!:ed by ~e GQvemmerlilil ,of the U!1~om of MyMlil1.1lill ~n ooopelia'l;ion with liiI~arn.ese Govemlm:(;lm~l:I:lI)(mgb l~CA ..

l'rnivai!:lg O1It CADTC 'be,pn i.n198:4 and CADl'C is now tJ~e Sia[e nini"ljgc~rltt,ef(l~' AESllirldCll" MAS.. Howe~~r. lraioiflg ~Of:' fimner:s ,il'l . .'l'l:ill ,cotlfi!i!.(;{iw we local BI.~ri:cJU:it!IJml r~iIlS,.

CUlI'r8!lfiIt Status

ObjeoUv€'s oif the training program

Olbj~ctives oftllilelI<lffin~~g oollrse;sfrov.id~i!t me CAl Dl"C are

• ~o in5!~iU ,OOfili\ect oolil~e;pl:Salld aJtJl1litudes. at '!lie vanous lev'ells of me ~eehfl~C;'3i~ smif of MAS,

• ~o cr!b;M~ce staff eff!.c~e~cy thro~lgbtll~oreti~ and [lr.llc,tical trmn.ingiH scien,liftC agricl!!Il!tlllffi pra~th::~, amld

.' to, d~S!SeIDiJl!:.!_1le OOchll!;o~ogy W [!TI;obn:izf; fiu'mC'f$ I3iIld varimss o:rgDi~a'!;im~s mwardis aoceplru1~ '~f lnod;em recbif!i'l~es wruwoul inb:ib~fi(l:n.

'fhelocati,on oftra.:i:ning er HiRD :inthe Q,r:glsnlizs,tj:ona II SU'lII,ctlU lie ,of the MAS:

fj,guw lsllilows ~anmilll,i;liI!g fQ( AESofis ,especj~ly R!n. ynde:r me P~:ill1I~i!l'lg and Statistk::::; Divi;s;~on.

G_M OM ('M aM GM 'ow GJM 'SM

y..!liM1 ~-e:>;\, (p=~re~ (Pb,"i'IJ~ ,~) ~N! (S~ (AC«!U~

:!i.. 'l,.!S{tl,

"T'"

OOM I.PJgI~ M"",il(l<l,\~ "'~ .... JjjJj~'

I

DG_M

~s .. p~r"~ Tla1n101~P!I.~~ ,!!;,,,~,,~iO'Ii!>n~

AlAI f~~ir,iOIO;jo!I'

IDGM ((:.-.[j.JC;I 'Cii!IIfr.1

"'~!!I:!OI:~.I 10....""'''_''1 T,t .. lr!1!1:11'C.!'t!I!I,

Rie!S(H:J'l'ices sivali I!:ab'l,e

ReSOUifIC$ avruJilIbme for l~flililg ~ .: as foUows: (ll) fbrm:ao Reso'Utt'eS

P'I'I.D

M,St) ~rflanoo:t:!sla:~'

B.Atg Dlp',Ag T'rainihg. Swt

Pri9,p::uin"l l!ai!'lIP91 m!'Uerialll. Iw~nFtg. diiSioo,SiSiIl'l9'" Im.Q~itQi'rng !tI1l1 :pr>El!C.1kal wor,~

TlaIm!~·~~ cnS!~:5roor:n C!a~room

AIiIClfo V1~uaJ: Room IlLibrat'lj

:!?hQ!Q Room:

Pri(rlijng~m ~QJc:Cl1n3mi9try IUtb .let.o~' Lab, 'W(lfk ~hOj:l

Pr·acUMJ' Fil9'1~8 Gylilllllll~rl,m

pr.ayrng gt'Oi,fM IDol'mitQ!i'liiiS: lfor met! DoIiFIfI~S rOr women Mas$HnII

'~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

50 p.a:rlit(p.a:i'n~ ~h GO ~Blp.anlll Melli 100 !)<Ii~ci.p.an~$~'Ch

3.5a;Qf,I)iS. 1

1

,~

:2

1

1'00 paJftj'ol~eMh 00 paf~cipID'lrn8!l~'lh 2~Elr$on~

FilnaHlcial ResoW'oe.s

(a)Lm::~b1l!d\get [o:r nondegreeSKlup 1T<I~mn£ is avaJ:~<I!b;le from. fi1li[jQ:~a] souroes. te."M-AS. (IJ~Foremg~ r~.lllds '(cUirrn;cy) lof' nGodegree gl)olJp U'a1,Rilllg ace a,va:i:13b~e on]y f!'O~W! dO])Qr 'co~!Wtr.:ies".

Ust and d,escrilpti,ofll ,oftrailiilillillg aotivii'~es,

Five Ily:pe-soif"!mil'l~n~ OOUl.rse:s w.ere O@lld1i!c~ed at 'lble CADl'C (fO!'!'! 19'84 to 1992 :m!~ l.hciractivilies, are de8CJ1wdl as rdllows~:

Sir. l'~~., o~ I'!!g\iI'tIIlilliiigli'

!pi!!~:rti~~anl,1Iil Du.~tlolfi MCI. ~r Total

llii1ll'1l~t11I. ([!~:V~I T'rllBn!ng IN<!. @r

fliTlillifMl~<ii

1:. MaMg'{IlNiM ,"~1!i01 I~ 20 gc7G
&T~ml~
ltii.lnno iGcuC'iO
i1!. P,r(lo<s~Me~' .~.~ 160 :l:! A'~,"
,!raIDtnfl Co~~ 15·25, 1~~~6Iil 9, ~~
3.,. ~S~i~aJtaf
~S~~&O.~
Com~o
4, sut![!iIOI: M!UtEir ":S.2S 1!i-OO 1~ S420
l$rn~mrts>0s),
!i '!I'!!o.rkSmillijlll: ~ .~.
11~1~'~ '1911 ii'1l!43 ICo~lla!bor;a;t~oln~ 'Olf i nvoh/emen~wUh, IDither NA.~.s; '011' IliA.R:CS

Rerolll!loop.efSlO1lli~ rro.r~.l:n.g (lOl:ldm:;~ed.aJt the CA])TCare ~U: qualified peESO:ll:sfrom 8 ,~iYisj~iSOif wo:r1i: especiaJI.ly .from CAR:r. Seed! DiviS'iQil1. and .l.:md Use D~vlsimll. l3esid!e.s ~ese. ill 1992Sep~t:lmber •. 1 lmhd~g ecuese en orAgriclIDl.u.lr.3!] E;t~nsi'Olm Me:I!IJMs" :forn:he staff o:f:MAS wuco:n'u)c~M ru;1111ie CADTC ,U:!looo,per<ltWIl! 'Witt! !he 1:S:~,e1iGavf;mmJe",1:, m"'O\lv~!lg tY.'Q hradifu t:eilll$~Orl Experts.

,P~annii !'l'EI: 0,1 Tra~ lilingA.c:t~viith~!S IheU'allin~l1gactivities of the CAri']iC .~ beilng operated un.der me gu,~danoe of 3miillln ciOmwuees::

L Administnl~io:n o(l[lunitt.ee, cJ:i!aM~d by tb~ Managing D~~ecror 'of MAS.

2. l'rnin~ng Affairs OO:[I[m;~uee! cbain:d b:y ·I.heGcucrail!

M~a,ger ofPlmf!~r!g and S tltislilcs D~v:iskrl1! af MAS.

3, D.i$ci~ll:i~ary Affai:rs.Com:m:ill~e.,lcba:ked 'by we Genera] MMI"gerof Adm]flisualion D.ivi~l()n of MAS.

Tl'a,ini,Vl8,liIeeds:, trai]]l~ng 'OOlilfS'eS and bllilJwb/filnru;!tlial resosrees MId ~eill'3!Se.ssrn.eot.id~f!I!tir.iCj]!tiolID.ptioriti.ulili.ol'! ~d delveklpmC']It ~ put fOI"'W,ac,d [m di:s.cu,ssion and dedslollJ at tilile a'lliflua:1 meel~ng of the Ad!!~~t'!~s;~liQrnl Commhtee ,:h:i3lwd by We M<ID!J:gingD~rec;t()if of MAS. Tlilemeeting ~f:lvo~vcsaU GeIleral.M~agersan!d: other Icon~rIlledp~!!! s.

IOevel!opmelnlt ,and pll'oducUon ,oftra~n~ng I:1fUitel1'~:a~s

Th~ U"ailli!'l.g: ~Ol:!rcepctSOlrnis~rc~hamj·oiY!S, ";;hl~, ma:]1kS,.s'l:ides. 1l"aIIS1pru:el'lcy .shee.~!. an(!l oUier dmwlrllgsrdl:y memsel]ves,: lr~e.ces~U!!~ pefs~;sofl.Wle CA1)TC wiUassi~~ M1em. ·l'ypew:riwrs. d1.!lplica.ti.n,g 'macblnes~.pllii,OliOSllail, offset. and :d~~emakiflIl rnachlfle .a;re; :il;v,ailable at tbe CA[tTC.

Major PnlbtlemiS 8.liiId ClOlI'iIst'r:a; nits

Mat;e:rtals FI.equ i rernent

CADTe nini:n,groogan~n 1984 !!inC! :rdncc then. threl.ra!i:ning p:oooess lias n:)ni.]]ll:e[ls:ive~J and exrens,lv;ely. 'fJl.el'.minimg mEimenrus are ol.d,orba:veoeG1i!. afreiMI;yulsed \aip and there is a need lQrepih~'lWis~l.hem wiLlI~ew ones:. To, com.'lm:L the I0c3ID lrn~n~n:gw~dJ the p:reseo:!1it. b'liinin.S m.uerlals ~ nc LO!'lge:!' f~a:sib[e.

FOil' llili.lilitl:gool'l~lIcle:d in COOpe'ftll:iO:ll!wi Ih i'w~ero3ti~J!lm 0:1 fo.roig,rn. ~ns(rulUtioms! some :m.ore ttain,i:Dig m<lioorii<lIDsa.:e ~t!ifOd tQk~p abliCl'ls:t wi,d) Ibe i rn,lematl.iain.M &Ilmdru;ds of trnining,

SkWeQ Tr,ainers.

For some s.peCia1lrainlflgOOt:lfses ql1aJ1:fi{~d :pL\lrsc;ms!lC~ mIDdl~d. The, staff of MAS slum](Jbe ®6!;!lt ;aibl'oad for stl.l!ly i~s.ome specJa]ij1led sllbj~ct£. ~.g.,. ~,lanl prO~el,;lklU. so~:1 conSefVZ:I!tioi!D1 ~d a:m.e]~oira1):io:n .• w<llermoa,gement, weed SC;i.Cln:CIl:, etC-"

AnUcip,aJ~(:I' en,dl Noodled Cll'liul'I,ges in fl'l,eTrain~In,g lP'lI'o!gra m Ov!e;rtl1l,e 'N.ext Eli Yea rs

Del~ o:n:tJiini.:ng,cou~es. curriClil:liYm,amW 'U'Ili'lling ~[Cri~ ~ vim] t.o ,..~ tm,inil')gpIlOCf<ssiimd S:h,OIlI](I. be oon.a!u:cted in, :In,amJ:ony wimllie; lCoil!l;dJiliclflsprevailingi!1l tbe naliOV!~crop prOO~cdoir:l.

D.e ~ni!l:!g curnc~il:a for '\i'OOO\!Sb'Ii!J:llliIllS oourses bad aJiready been (bawl] ~IP siiIJoe. me C();l[tm.ellce.m.e'flit, of IlI!le; Ir.lii[ling 'C61i1itfe tn '~918A.For e)t~p:I~! th~ (!'1!!]l'lCI,I hiJ:lMI for rice >i;:1I,l11tliv.ilJliollI lr.aJilllOg OOllilrse ,s:u,ited tile eX~fin~glO(mdi,tion:s of riee PIiOdu,CtiofitecbiI'loWogy. lIDa'~\I\er" j,n 19~2: me, pm.ct']m!1 riee !;l~ody'(lti~m~bnoruogy cl1mgedlro meet thepoo~Jef!t roequi:rem.ent. ll!e GO:Vefil!l'l~]ll [s;n@w'Q[lcomagl[lglle[:rumers· to' pr:acn:i.oc: st!lmme:r rice g,rowm.g ~o ifliCreMe~ic!li ICf\Op y~ekls,.

Asa [CC$IlU;" lfiell'ammg Pf'ogc!ID1I shouhl DO't be ~eilt S:l'aUc.bt!~ should be :lmbjec[. [0 :sllib~eqlJel1l,cl'l;:m\i!l.te(JlJe to me cnviro:n;m.e[l[;l] c(:m.di.Uorls. lle!minil!lll ])iro\g~a:!u. 'cll!rrlc~lPl" OU'Iid ;lWla~e:ri~s· ~:s00! :Il,DlO"lJildbe based on [he em, p.(1)G!lJictiion tCC'.hlilornoigy pmclisedby~eg'Ovemmel~~ ~d ILhefam'lc:r~.

[IiS;OIUSshJ'riI o,'f CDATe (Mly:u,nimSilr) P;r~sentat'h):n R:1!o!; I see IiI! yom o[giWi$f!!li()~a! ,chan: a secttio:n QI~ mll;1ued

riee ~nd~r tln~ Mimi istry ,ofAgri.cuUufiei.Wh<lJt ~s me ruea 'Qf ycm:r UT~ga1k"d~ice?

:S:.o~: 1 .. S;Macres;"

The Current Status and Future Direction of Rice Helated Trajnlnq Proqrarn ln IN 'e pall

~Pfan,ning .Moni'oring and .~'ltalua'iofl' Ol1tCf!!f, NepaJ Agficu/'turaIResea'IiCll Coufl'Cil tNA RC)" KnumafJar, tal~1pu:r" Nepal

IJack'91fOUliild

tbe; <ligricl!Il!~wt: trlil1ling [lil'og:rron w.lISiniri1ued" witbrulm~ted fCSOgrl;eS. in, <some: of W~, es~bLis~ed F:@ns and S WlJ.Qn~, (jiuJ:I_l!g the 1'9:50'-:~ 9608.b'>, me ]j)epru:tme;~~Clf A!ltioill'l1!lte {DOA}; the, lauer e-sb1lb]~Shed ~n ~ 924. 1[1[966, BOA '?t:¥ dislIo.l¥ed ~d:5 d~ffercntDe~!:!n~!lts were esta!liilished~

.' D,~pruunem ,of A~cul.llilire Ed'l'lca~]o:n MId Reseatcli

.,D.eparrl1ment of ,EI,Q{rtJtcuhu,I'C

Ii!,Dep~~!'I[. ofLivcs~QCk

'.' :Dep2:l'itltleru ofF'i'S~el1

• DcpMtll~~!u of EJ<.leI1s:km

The COl<c~pl of oomTItQdlt.ymseacch :progl1'l(m,s came i~u'O ex,is;lencei.l:l 1971, w~ilIl. em,phasis Oin, major: eeteaJ crops, III 191:2:n3.. a :H)-year Agric.mUllre ~ve;lop:mefj[ P~:rn, Wrnl f{)mllularod a;nl~ (hel edstl~\g .:5 de~e[l!;S were~ ~cr~d bu@ DOA undew the M~Il~S:l:rJ ofP,ood.A3ricuilnne andhrl,ga:t:ioJll. DOt-. thL')n begananagricU'llluel:rn;i,fl~ng pmgr;am.i:n, va:r:i01LlS agJrI.(ltil Wire research SUUiQl1s"F:;I!ml s a:nd CQmmo dl!ly Dcy,eJopnu::cllit PmgF:!lm.s [COP). T~e GDP also stalfle;d o:rgpi.zin:g ttaIDning~:iO!l;ra:ms.

llO I985.1ih.e Nal~O:[J~tAsricuhlllrnil R.eserux::1lI and :8,ervkes Cei:'l~CJt (N.ARSC) WM eS!taibUs:l!!e:cJ! ondN lie M~fli8UJ' of A!!lric~ltlire ~o ,SIt,a;'el!lgw.en d~ef,ese~Jn. :;I!I1d StlppM ~",k~s;. Th~traJill~ng program was aJlsosbared byNAl~S!Canc:l D OA in O(1(jjerll.o ~f1ooase: Itbe ~itlka:ge HMf;enresoordt and e:xteillS~Qn 1(R1il.1)<.

The 'Ofg:amJ.17.ll1tioll:nll $inllC[Ij[,eo:!'lll.e'tmi;l:lIlng :p.rog)W1:1. w;a:s sO .l:ltIge ~3It 39 u'ai:!~lil1g ce.,n~e~ we:re e5~b~~slIed in :5 deve{lopl]u::nt lieg;iQ~s of tile collintn'. Howe"'e:r, over time 11, ~;~:mbcr Qf~~b1em:swe~e (~aHzOO; m<lin;l.yihelaC:kor~s(llnoe, pe;!'M):!t~. tFoi!!iIDliflg :mareri:&ls .• liluu'lip!}wer and ooordinatiCilil among trai.llling cenrers .. .B,eC;<ltlse orlho~e; probIJeIl!ls..me .3:51 'b:a:iniflg cel1!~.e~s a~~ oWl(lj'slIb-<lCillrerssc";a!uer,cd th.rolJ[lgh;out~c OOlJlJ:Utry were me~gOO 10 fOim:i :W :R,eg.iOl1'aru l'rniftiJil,g C~l!t(:rs (RTCS). T-wo,~ach w.ereestarbli!>hed ~n .5 deve]O(pnU:'llit RIc~:ion!) (DR;) <md m Central Agric!:![(UI~ 1'm!rI]llg e~[ller' (CATC)in ~U~ma'nd!!l w~lrne:y (Fi.g 2).

I

._L. ~

I AM

Reseal,cD' I

:SI!:ll!i:J~m

I'iISjlooai Tl,af!!I!l11lI ~m'er

·'I(enli~ • ir,l!I1In~r'

T!r~I!!!~ sennl~ 'Works1:iop

• Tra'!1!Irn", " TmlneP-l - TmlnB!'S

- V,8oo81

I -T;alnor

De;.pa~rU: ,or UI1o'!l6111dk SeM~~

DElPI:.~f FOod! &. Agn, lMark,e:ting Sel"liice~

J

fl Ag!"!' 'Ttain'lng & MW'lf,)ower I Devil, PfQg~arn (OOA)

r

J

~!taI Agl~.Tlralnil1~ CGiIlt.D:r (CAllie)

I

II

II

J E!~:.r

I lij~n

II

Qmtral Dw~. Reglo.n

I

We~llim Oev'L ~iolll

far'W~Slem Dflil!"t. ~Je,glO!'!l

Mi~stam Diiift. FI~on

I ~

CRATal ICRATe

[iemi} I ~IH~I,

FW~ATC (Hil.l)

EARTC EAlR'iI'C

(tiirsil) (Hirl)

:~[1 the II1:i\OGeSS of,o(g.3Jni.mlio:nal, c~anlles!NARSCbec;}[fie the NaliO'll!!ru, A:IlIr:ic~lU.:!lram Research Ce[lU~!i (NARC) iii! 1987 mdl 'lh~nN~ Ag)l1iCllillva1i Research cOIJ~cn (N,AR:C), m ~990. a!!I ar~~onomoush~S![j~l1!!lli(J!n, gov~eciI bya ~ be~ded by the, Mi:i:nisw[ofA,gricl:I!tU[f!., DOA 1nlelcann: l!liJe Dc;parl:l:llrell( of ,A,gIiCUWtJUW111 Devdoil9~er!t {DOAD)~Q ]9 92. AlILbe~e IIl<me mo :regb'1aJ:l:f;3Jiinrung ,telllll,l!'lll,$,Werlfl ;lIga:inme,rgedi:llIi~o 5, kee,i!wg 1 CcnMi, ,Agn~uU,~~ TiCai~imlg iClml~f.i~ K~~m3!mJIlI v~le.y.. At prese!1!t,lhe~ 1JJe 5 Regi,Qll~11 'fr,ajnillg O~llIte[£, ~pQllll~bmL':-rO:r,condnJc.ling (I~ffen.\ntlk;inds·(J:f'~IliIi,I¥S,incJud,][)S riice·rella~edll!'~~if!g, ~O' Suroj~ct M'att~ :Spcd~HSlts (SMS )', J!lII:!~@r l'eclttlilk:nlaJIS - (ITs) am;'1 ]'lil.l:liot 'fecl:iin~cail. A!iSi:Stro1:~ (JTAS). a1'ldl.e~def Fftffl'IlllfS (Ll".s) wtmLh~(~I'IQiwi[lg Q'bjecti:!i1lCs;

• 'to devel.op stilled m<mpo~l;'t\r, fb~ ~rop:Ie:]l!lJ;:i1tllt!o!lland tramlsfc:r 0;(' ~mpFol~ecli Irec:Jmnl.ogy lu ItIDJe ~g;e[:gr01llp (;f:3fr!!Lers);

~o 1j~~C, Il.eknow.~edge- o:r!~lIIe['S .m~ ifmbje(;l:m;ii1~[e.r spe~~alislSin, spedfEc cro:ps m le-l:'!ab~e 1:,J]tl;ITI to iden!ify aadassess :I:h~ cllien~ :pro!bkms;

lO deMe'.lop~eaQ;er fmmers. wlila (an ,elici'~ rdesi.rnble cil<mll,iesi:n. atlil!l:de. :skiU.krlo,w!ooge. va]ue: a:nd belief Q,r fellbw fa.!l'lwu~:rs so tbil:l new ledrn!Ologiil'!-s!IDe:i:pread :s!Ysrmnaib~)';

to re'l'res,h[:e,searche;rs and .fiJe-1d wOI'k:ersin lIIew rec:hirlOlo'giical 'Cl'lsn,g~~. and

to .ificwMe n[l!tio.fi~ p:r00llI,ctiQl]ood p.rtdUJcmivl[;y w.ilh r~~r u[iJiution of ,S<1l!'cb s!killedDl~;P:CI\Ve1 more effecti vt::ly:m~ effidenll.lr" ..

Tl:ai;l:Iingllesolllices .ebei:ng shared between NARCand DOAD.l'heresou:ooe PC:!"£O!:!8 ru',emai:n!~y mteftl from dir(bl'elrl~ r;e.sc!l!rch f:arlES, sb:tiOIl!5. and di.scipl,(IllW'Y dwv~sk~n:s of MARJe ;md] the; Ultini~!g Ic,oO[diiIfl3~:ot ad O~et51l!ppon slml .;:ure ·assig'n1et;l. :i1Il eacb tt!UniJllg: 'celIDllCrby DAD,. Thebl)ldg,~l O;),r ir.:frnsItuCh:nre· u:d omer training m~tenaJs,.vis:U!a~ aids, ,elte"is r!:lmled by ~oll.h: dono.s and J~Eis M!lj,e-sty"s rGO¥iemment of Nepali.

De :l1,urnoor of pru'lidpantspe:!' tralinwns vanes (mm 20 ~ 2$a]]l,d ~e U'aimllmlg ~e:riodis .~. week. Tile number 'of ricere:laled ~i.ll.ingcm:lI~es co:ltdlllcl'I."'d dw:i.fI,g .~ 99 1 192:,.by differe(vu:

RTCs :aJlfl,il1td~C:8!lm:llilil TaillJe, 1.

Of we roil~ ~:m:lilg oo[l[lucrod diJari!QlJ; 199'~ 192 Goo)' 6% wasrel!!!iood w, ri.oc. Tbe"ettlainCler was In ,olber' omp~! ~~ves~ock ana. bOrl:icllll.n..!re. or t~,~· b:!t"I~l'th::tptIDl!:S in '~.99.~ 192, <5 pc~c~nt. otfITIITAs and fQIJir pe,.ool:llL:F'S received rice re1.uedltraiflling. (Tab~,es] & 2).

t'Oi~lel 1. TtlJe 'kit!! flumber~r ua1inln!Ji IP~h::lpalll~ <!lI'!dlevel '!:ilr hllili]ng 'conductedl dUrII'l1ll~99~/199i2: (04915Q) ;U: 'IiII~Kel:Wlt l!l:entel'S.

1Cf:Jl!1N.at T1jt.!!l!ir~II,I!il:d lo1i'd

CAlC

Oln~L~ij\gJ (rtlilmer 5: &rtY~ Ma!t~r Sper:lmisl)

CATC K.iJt~~dt!

• I

RliC J1i1:ulilka

fablel 2~Thf! Inl!!!mti'!!!" Qr '~Ifd.!flg. ~ii1i!!;ip!l.fr!~,!!!iid flYimt;!"" g~' Id:r~lftr(:!!al ~V~ In ri~E!l!,,~ Wlilillngl dYfi~g '1991"1i99,2,a,~ ,dIV~e",fIit 'lJ'a[iIIln!l1 '!;Ien:I~~.

Urilla' Tl!'M.ni!1!S'

h.ai:ler IF~~

~ 2'~ 1,8,
m 1- ,~) 1- l~)
-- - -
$11, :~ 67
J Iii: 31
til} (fi"~ l~lIll' N'c'~ Agric!:lUtu:~ ,Researdl COIJ~drn (NAl.C)aho Oflllmi,zeslri:ce·'tela~edlrnii:!ling, lUQgraa'us t!1!I1~,e Regkn~al RieOOafcliI SW!Lkms" bill I:hc:na[llJreQftrni[l~ng is, d:ifler.em, foom l1I,e, Il'1timin\s ofgani~ed by 'DAn. As ~[Idk::atted ~bo:ve. OAon provi~~s trruniIll8;roITIITA. LFsand 'TtainilliS Wl,d SubJec~~ Ma:tlUf' Sped:aID~sn:s (SMS)in rioe 1!.ec~~oJogy. N ARC" o:!~ cl,~ ollier I:lIUi!!cW.lm:lVid~ ~CSQ'I;!n:e PC~gI]S fw the .3WV,e, u:amillg and ori:emJl~ :rioe~ resean::be,ffi m;! ~!ow '1.0 ~lriorilli.z~dce:rICS;earo:l:J, ba.%ld 0111, c~ruent':Ii [IL'!oos.,. llil3ddi,tioR IW l!his ricCe QuWacl!! l)e~e1U:'C~. comm!a:!'Id~as~"ey.. r,a~;i.dr:u.r.idilPprais<'l]. r.m~nmt:orlflfl. tOlliromd farmlelf's days .ate ~ome ·of the ~!:>tivjlli~ ['CI.ii!IJe(IIU riee- rei moo 'OO!lfling" 1'beobj1octi veso:l'sucl:! acti.yi;~es are 'lOaa~I:Ia:i~tre~c::h sciel)(]S:ms wi.lh dle .fa:r:m.cr's prubiil~s so tilcy c-ilifl :planrescarc:ll .. accQ~di[lg ~o the :Famlers needs. and aJ~o to :acqU11;1nt f3Cmicrn w i,1lI 'In.eu!pCQmingle<cl'lnoilogies in me r~,s :mid! SUU:lDiIl:S.

Since: 1991 ~ 1993,. 23perSQ1[S u:nder NARC panidpaWd l[!rioe,.rela!ed mmm~ng prn<gWl'W}sin nlelgl:lboriflg,cO'l!lWltMeiS lite B~£llad~b •. b!di~ M'Yi~" Clliililla..llIal.1and :a:m:lPhiLippmes, illladditio.n ~o o!]].er [D'ter'Iilla~oflail.MeeIDl\gSa1i1Id! O(lI'I:Ile~Wlres..,

Fi/omahis F.isC<1l Y ~ (FY) 199.3J~4" NADCis :p'I:arm~flg lro :ital"ll. m~a:gC'm!L'lm aain;i:ng riOt .its slaU. '~il:i~ a .. S~li'lernl kind Qifm<lifba:gelil1Jen~ trnii'llling.but it wUlpl:ay II: .s<iil:l;!~[fi.c!mt ro~e l~ rice msea:rdJi ;mCl.rebed n:iil'lliflg ptO~s .. Th.ispl:;m.C(lnsists of '\'I OOmpOl:]eln'~ of ma:nagemelilL Il!aillllllIlg ..

T.befint oo:mpOfl1e~i~ is (jC:llIiCmJ M~.~gemellill fGM) tro;inilng !,rndis desj.g~cd s,peclaJJ:y :liofby m~:g~Mdiffeli(lnt ~evelS ill! N ARC.. Th~ Pl~n obj:e(;ti;~e, of I:b~s Comp!:li!IDeIU uru!l~r!g ls w' ~mJp~QvemiUilagC:FrlaJ. :!lkfu~~.ln a.~ew m,MIl;Il,e:m!em system! oil' NARC. 'he ~umm~ ·otf ~ailll:iilgacu,vi!ljes, me· g~v~$I i~ Table 3.

CQUlf.~~ No.

Dma!~1ofi Ap,p. I\Io.ot Pro,vtder of
Week Pa!1lci1pa tilts Training
'1 :20 Lf
" 20 IF
1 20 If
1 20 ILIF ,Qo~ilI3(flta1iOi'l to,Aul:ono mOU:5 or Corporate 80dy O'rg:aniZalion CO'r1,cflp1: and PraCI~ClE)s

GM2

Semllnar en Mana9lill1'91 ,Aul:onc,mous or Corpo:r,a,te Body O,rgal'liza:lion: A 'IQCI.4$ 011 N'AIR,C

Sem~lrUJ:r 'Of! lDehilga'I!Qn of A!.I'lhmily ami F!,&5,,pol1isibilkty in, a CO,nPQrahJ 'BodY OrgaJni~i;ltion

Workshop on IEffedll,le O,rr!l'all1l'lz,a~lona,1 Comrru,l r!,!c,aUOii:l

Semiluu' on NJI"RC's New'Budge'l~ and Fi~,"'rJJ~iiall Management System and tl'leRes,ponslbUlIle$l A'uthorl,Ue~ Q~ Mitinaglers: ,AIr! InlJ.ocluclion

1

20

STIA

S'eminaJr on NA'PiC's New P'ersonMI Ma ii1'!lS9mel'l,t Sys~em :OlJfr'!d 'I!he R,esp-onsiblll~iesJAuthorily 0'1 Managars: An, ,'n,hoductiol"l

Semilrn3r 'on the US'1iI1i 01' -Comptllt,er Whail to' EXpect

GM 7 'Iro"", W,ard Prcce,ssing. Da:LabQsE! Manage:menl:, Slatfi8'Hc'il .. 11 A!'l~i~ls and I?~oje~; Management

1 '20 SnA
1 20 !inA
a tElO The second componC:lui:s an ,orienta:LiQD progmm ,3JId tlIe k,eyman~ge:rs who tlave I:Jlndertakelfl du.,e-GM course ,.,ill orient their ~pec:l:ill'e smf' of d~f~er,eI!'t ~!}ve]s by org~[li:z;imlg ~pe",ial sl1larr'meelLngs~d oUl:eri.lll.llI.otlsegai1TIerli.Rgs.

The tl!:i:rd com,:ponentis nlana,ge:meflt support skin Irnillljlllg. !:!'I, tihlis 'lTaiining the JiMlil'ior Admi!l1isvwlive AssJswnts Me trmlled 'to i;m,pr~ve dl.eir stills ,on illl:v:gnto'ry CQllitrol '. uew aeco1lJ]l,1img S:r.S~HlS, R1~seae;tarial se"~ce.s. Ailiriefsgmm,ary of ltI:ils oomPOHC1lit lIiaiirung~ give:nin Tab le4,.

COI!J~!!' COI!J1i:sc'TIU'e

HO.

DYmUon No.e~' No. or
(W'Hk) ParUeipaJll~ Seclj!:on
1 WHit &I 2
2 Weeks ,00 2
2WliakS, 50' I 2
2W~Elk:li 6~)i II ;2
I
7Week$, 24lj1 II, MSS 6 Iinventtlfy Oonlld

1ibefomtb co:m,pO[lelIl~ i;s'<.1omplJ~etb1li(Jlf1g.,'lliis·wW:lm.s, w.ill'bep:rovided fo.rboth! admjru:S!!rolO!:'S a'!];~f~scl~n'!IDS!IS. (l@m'plJ~er <'lkill:S ru:ev'ery mutbi nceded [m N ftiilltC stU{' for ~mdU!1:g, llihe oose~h ~agCDlJe-n~ syS:tem:.. The Ull:iiIl~llg OOllll[Ses: are d:es;igrn,ed sepataJtelyfo:rmJiddle; lejw::l!.u!~all;er ~{l'o:((lSsiQ:n.affis,m3lll;~gcmeIU StI,pPml ";!ta!ff. ,aocoll!l~ili~g3fid slo:re~rsoflml.e~. nie.s:ll!lmnaryolrl~e I:rn.if!rung. eeurses is s:~"e,n in T.3~'le 5.

Theloea:~oillS of differeftlt ~illlgcen~euID l:!e:pt~eQ;t ~fg!mi~Uo!~!d :i!1!m.cl~jo<f DAD :;md Nc:~ .AgricllIUri I!:,eseuth C~WIICiiJ! a:re,~Ownifl FigUI~ 3."~d 5, ~Ies~live']y. Out lof :5trninil'l,g. cet!I~en;,,3 are liQC3JuW a!tl1le Reg;ioflail AgriCA!!l~'Il!m1. Research S'~ti,Q.l1!S· ,of NARC.

Ho"cd SeclJ£t!o

I!:)UfalUOIII (WeejQ

H~,,{d IP.mlclp~l5

Use, and PI"i!'!;ClIi~ o~ ~mput!Jr In Pf,crGaslorlal W:Ork

2:

CT,~

2

il' ,~~:t:~~=:~

_ 1~1!I.QI::Il~~'L .A,g.'lj,gg;;-":"~L

• ':r~j~'!!II'l.:!'I!I!D L!i7~~!Ji!!!

M ~1l~s,tll'Y

o~ Agrioulture

De!pt. o~' .A,gricu'I~.u~a;1 1~J,evelo,pmen11(DOAD)

I

.AgricultlJn~ 'Manpo.w,e:r· Devel~pment Pro~,ect I

II

Ce:ntr:ed Aglri:Oufl~ralll 1imiil1lingl O:smer

RiegrQ!i1!,!;;Ilfrainingl I C~ntEir

Jhunltla IEi~~tern Dev. RegJ.o!ii!

II

J

IFlieg:lo:n<!i~ TiraJnr!il'g C::'enter PamOlnipUir Cenlu~~ O!lIV, IF!egilOir:li

IF!eg,lonal TW<!iilning CerlLe!r' 16hal~3~aiWa IMk!·wee~e:m !De,\!'.

Region

.F!JEI 91to!rn.a:111J<lii~~l'Ig Center KhOlimnitar Weste!!'n[)mf. Region

II

I

:F!iegllOilal T1r.afl'lil1g CI:!nb31f ,~!eiP<I~91ul'li M~d'we$liem Oe,v. :Flegion

El(iEl;!lJIIn!E'~ ~ 1~Ii!I!,tI(A_gD!lilil.

I

I DiI~p 1Ci'f?'~II'IOd_.

The:U'aIDning, pW.-m ~s. pl\e~~d1 ac~om~llg ~on~liog po~iC1 to f~lfii]JUwe; regio~;_j n~eds Olf!lililfru:ea. T.r:ru.l:lilrug needs in geneJmi .are Qo~[eclcd fr,om diff~re[lt OOllllmalld areas ,(d:islli:cts)' of eac,lll .. (,eg;i.o:n., ne-wegi.o.~ wai:nd~g Coon;H!WlliOf' or:1lM~i';GS ttaI~ing s.em~nii1Sand olheractiviLies Ill;) (!:i:SCY:Ss ~IHiil'J,g .1)\bmSlQ.~el!l'!er Wil.hre._~MCillI fru:ms/statffiol'!s and c:x;~ensi.olil people .. F:i:ll!aUy., decis~(ms ~1:tHld~ to .piiiodti:~e ttw!1Jln.g ~cOOls, .. aUocatiQn oifresoW'Ce ~'fi:S, U'.ai:ll:il1gC'Clutses, vc!n1uIf:. -oomtldum"trai[lil1~ m.alernats blLU11g'llt ,amd\'vQd~I1lJai~ 'o:fUJc g~~8iW~!l~flg: (uogram. Tlwsoom:e f'otwrudledto CA:t(:: (ora,pn::rva!:ail: tbebeSm:n~nS ,oil' In:l]e Fiscal Year.

The CA1'C bdl Agric!I)!.1il1!!:rol Trniu~ng aPld M~powe:i D~veWoprnerntt l~ro.g[-run '(ATMDP) rO:m:ll!lla~e me overaU 'traiiRlOg' pl.an. for illl.e ooyniry f.ocYlsiilll.g oa 'Ilw ~aLkma] policy and gllll~dleW~fles. AJ::rangcmeIlJt elfbudge-tan(lon:h;er m<mage.me[lt $gp~11U are p~ov~doo~o t~,p~e:me;m. me: :lmifli~g program .i:JIIUl.e regions. TIle (;9~era]jso pl~y.s aSil11.i.fflC$l:IU'o]e: lll13SI1ii:D]]Slhi:n.g rdati@n$hipsa;liI.d (l@(;)tdh:llu;£o:rrulU!J!o~:gIhe: n~LiQn;j and rn!le~tioMWu1,cSi~rutiO£!S associ.ated wim !lie 'l:ri!iliiil0gprogram.

TIa.e UlFg,e;~g[{l1l~.'lbeiw l.eve~.Q.fY!lder.sUDldi:ltg~ bmv1~d\g~ and 'ei<]!e.fi!IlllO!l;! .a;!lJcW '!!he e~dfiting pfobl~rns o.l'lhe: c]±e~l8 ate :scme or :mem.-.JOif c:riltcria be,log OOl:lisid;e["Cd ~tl me: p.rooe~ 'of de've:l.oJlm,Cir!I~ and llootWlllci[ioill Qfm:d~~!lg~l'!a~eril!'!~~:and Ilyp; 'of ma~enallill8ed .. W~lh welu.e~p' 0:1' skiIUe(lpe~r~OI]!;, su.bjiect m<lH>eUi speci'ai:iMSfrom. (Hffere1!lt.iJ~isti.mtiol'lis. ~eCA lC.;m;d ATMDP. pre:pMie ~}i'I1®lJis u;ahtilng ro~U!als, ha~d ,O!;!IIS atr!C1 o!,h,er [eacb~ng rudis to .address :!lie n.eedl<;, .Depelldi~g ulpol:llll.e level. of l!!rWmiing.m,a:reri'aills ::lire.prep.ared iID s:ui.s(y th~ :"get grollip to erullb:le meN! at)]e; bl ,deai wii[]lffi.e 0'1 iCIi,ts !p:mblems: m.o.re effi,~e,nl.!y and 'd~ecLiv'ely •.

Maji(l'1I' p,rolbl!ems and C'OIr1l:stlf,a~nts of the 'U'al~niing 'pro.gr:am

TIle 3:lI'<liil<libl:e re.:s.:olll[1OO!l .. Mld .means such a$lin~l)Ower, :phiJsi'ca1. facilil!:!e.s, capital,. andf!lULf!ageriaii .8'ki~ls .are not pro,per]y uUUze;cW fOIi we p:rogn.:tm and also notd!loocl~~d 1[.oWard InllC ·wg~t. group 'Cf3:mier.s.) ..

The: ttlli~.ing pr'ognmls atello.~ uSIl,aJ!ly l[j.e~ up wUn 'Ill.e· f1ee[l of ~e d~enlS. f:rom ftIe ,rn:clicaru :poillli[. Gif v~e'w.

The: RTCs, hv,e IlO !d!epentJ O:~ 'ille di.!\'Irlc:~~. f:o:rlhe seileclitOll of ull1lllee8mnd oCie[llhe ri&hlpemJl]S iDe riot; sel;ecred bru;ed 0\11. tbe rspec:ifflc pro,bl~m. of the, d~enll.

Theb~gg:est[)iroblem re~d at :p-r:ese~tbt me T1ll1liLi!Jig e-elll~effli:s we ~o~· pcrsgns who'.~ ~Qt .f·eadlUyava.illllbkl Mid o.filen ~e r~ll!b~. sllbjecI.miHLer s~ocjjali"',ts do nou W\::e; p:m:. illl, thl1: n:iIl'l,i:!iIgp~ogram.

The~cis nQ s~ed:f:i.c ni:~illig roecil!!.[lisl11l ~~ rice, ex.(1c:pE SlilOH·.W!'!!Il. 'CO'UlfSes tila!t ~e b-cingprov[ded :eI!'Il)' ~o llile lo,wer ~eve11 fllfl~(J workers in we regi.onal. U'a;inirn,g OO[ltc:rs •. Very few of1icc;rs .g~~. the 'Oppo:filillani;ty 'lO ~Ianicip.u.e l~ri!oNe"]a;l~(1 Uail1iiffil81. wOlts:bO.IlS, aJ~d semnilHU'S in! lltiIe me:igbborimlg,OOl.lml:U;i.es.

l'gilWitwgactilvU1es .Meflotru;n;ning. erfecL~vely due to llack of ooordiil'la~i.o:n, .a:m.ong Wl!ffiil)]ml:g rellters;, disliim Qffilces wid (}~e[ rel;~ned im:l(~lllltiO:nS.

O~e of Ilbe- gl:Ca"te;st probJ¢1WIsso far n;;:aru~ze.d!, not on~)' lITh

the I:rrulling [llrogral.ib'u:~ i~ m~,y oU~e!f .ao~\I'itle!lI' .i;s·~ac:k of pro,perm!ec.l:!~is.m OfmiOThi~ori;llLg,. eva]l!IilIliicDna:nld follow·1!!p.. 'fndlni~gi:s ~ml,iid~d~d the ~M;lW!enlcal.l<'It!e~ is f!!lUJUed btu !:h,c ~mpactand effoctor tlliIetralil1tf.lg. progm,m.IlHI)I'Wl.Ot. 00 :l!!cl'de;Vledas e:xpecrorJ.

A;n,UC~IP,ated all1ild' nelealed Ct:i,BllfIglE!S inUlle traini.n'Q p,roQ rall11 'o'v,er the nB/xl Uvey,e:Blrs:

Tile majior cltJnS.e tI'laJl ls bc,iln.g a!IlIlitipa:lJCdirru lU1ene:xl5 years. ,COil! kl ~~OIbab]y be the rUlUy~nedgedNe;piEJ]l A.g.ricylrural R~~ CouncU witIJ.:nilli 3. oOJill~()[IemtsofRi.e~tl!d.1:.!~ti!on :and TIatililing.. At p.rese.~l NARC is ~p()I!s~b~e m:dy for .a:gl:ic1llIIWnI ~es-e.~ whell'eas the lla~ni~lco:m:pol'J.CIl'~ ~s uader DAD,31ndlhe erllil~artio:n 'oompon~r!t. is 'Ylflder Ill!l'!e Minis!:ry of E.d:~(':atlio:n!md O!l.lllW'e. U~Hess aU Wc;se3 comll@OC!.lllS of ilSricuitu!fC dC'll'elopmellt~ li!ll~ed rogelJa~r. ~[recUve r~seIDch,. ~iTI~ng,. a!Ud ~lgJi,CU]~!lJmI edll.ea:~ioni w iU Inol. be i!!(::bi~\\'Cl~.

N.A.RC l:!oiwevC!:[', st.ted tJh,e, 'CQncept of N a:t~on:a] A.gr'i<:IlIUJrOOi :~i!1sLi.l~UO!'lS wibid!. ,c.Qiiilldpl<l)i a vitali ro]ein spedW'lctrrutl[ng 0(1 riee and ,omer majIJ'r c:ro.P'S' in o.rde:r w. ill(:t:iieve qlilta:l:it)' restarrr:hrund [esoij~persQ~:srocusiiflilmil Nation!lLl Fancy to :address me above-needs.

'I'.Iii.eDAD .i:sp]3]lJilling lO uatmSijbjc'C[. m.attGfspecik!.lifiliS ~or many spcci ficcrop:8 in th.':: ne:il!ir il'U:I'Ii.We., i llJeluding .h.onict:lUtloo,.livesrock,. ~f1dagro!!lo.rny. Howe:vcJ.i1Ie jJ:vesem. Sl1tlllegy of the govemlillHlIl~lI!P']Wa!Iffi Ino be dll'lt $om.e or U~e bil1inll c-O:mpOllel~ lS ,cotlld.be hooded ever 10 tJ~.epriviltc seeter rnl orn'er ~.osuistai n :J1I.eadi·bas.cd,1UlG tlQIl~·erfiCC!i'l!e tmin[ngpro.g,...s in U~~ f!illure.

11:lelJlcw approac!hoifMon:l~ori;l:ligand E\I'aiI:~O';!iUon sysl!Cm, 1~:iliL w[U be llilpllemen!oo In !:be :Ul.eM' fll[u[~, ro'ytnC Nan:b.laJ IP~:amIllJliln.g: Co:m:ll1isston (NPC) i:~laU derl,li;lW()pme'Il:l.aoUvHies of me OOllillllly .• ~s e:tpecL~t:I [iQ bri;f1g[le~::iirab~e cliirnlge:s and o"!,!elirul ~m~a:ol\lemelil:t jail Ne.~ru' s .1l:g;riclIl!:Mram S~C~OIi ilJl ~tle ]]J,ex~ 5' .years.

IO~se:ussion of NARC (NelPa.I)! IP.r,ese.nt:aJUQIr1I

M:m1j;loweris. not::a p.rob]ecm, bow tDlJIliJi7!e IDem is a !pto'bl.eulIJ.

De:p~~d!S Of! '!ih~ si(lU.uiO'rl. M.mp9wer is orten ~ere blllt we :ii'Uie ~[J no pO:S.iti.DI:IW '1IlI1li:zc.I:h.e!~. Did y011il S3:11ba:[ )1'0.1;1 ba\-'!e 3:!ll~ifltfla: ce~'lct's? It'st}[I[Y 5 n!ow.

Willy doal' [yO'~, QOflvcn:lJlellll~o f~f[mllefS' U'.~r!iflg oefl~ers?

W,c can' t, W~ do traillnim!gm::'Oordi!llg mregior!iI] deman.d.

:]il isilldicalOO in Y(ll:!r ~;)!,per tih;]!t (h.ll':itlg 19·59·9!l, ,on~ly6i%o:r Wit]oiWlgis rk:el"Elalod.bn·llhi:s wo ~Qw1

Ac:~.u<lHy o:nly 6% is dCG'i.el<lledl)ecl'IIlIse lher!! is no spocHIDc uajni~g ~rog:ro.:m. fO:l"rioe. ~$lO~let wo[ds~ tmjin~l1g l,s noft ,c:OJlIcel'lliilia!~fj~ on rice.

!ameel::

ShJ;lIi:akiO,u:; Jamllel'~

Traiining Proqrams o:f the Phtllppine RJce Re'sea.rch lnstltute: Status, and Directlons

~5upelVisjM9' S'clenoeResearch SpecJati$~and,H'e:ad. f1'ainin,rJ ,f):wls/o'IJ'. Philippine Rice Re'Sealofl' Insl,iMe~ Ma1(gaya, .Munoz, Nufirila EcJj:a,. Ptriflppfnes

INITIRO;OI[J'C'fI'ON

'Dis paper d€SCri~es how a n3JI;ioifi\alli agtlcIlUw:ali. feSelUCb s,ys~em.Uhie: Il~ 'p.bm!li])b~~ moo R'eswa, Ins~jlUJ~e (pl:lillRice) res:pPJI,[Is 10 ~e~echlil:o~og~caW neetisor U:s various 'ef!dM>seftl~n terms ofre]ev'W'lt I~~b~g ~;!:og/rn:m$+ ]lpofunts OIJ~ mal tr:aJ,lIIli:lllg lda;ys a.'II'i'Ul!l ~O~e ~ni!l1c(~ash:lS :r:ioefroductlo!:1"W'!d~so in susilal:l1ill,g sUicb .~ b::~~ with tbC!lltreSeinoe 'OfS1U!PlP'o.l1[ Sle.rv~ces, CiSpoci.al.ly foto:rgat:Jli:7.edgroups Oif ~eu. ibis paper's ,coi!'!oe.p~t!aiW fo'U~dlatio~~$. ba:s()d '01:1 l,WQ' :re:pO:W of N~,vaaroo in 1'99 .~. and 1:99.3" :[lespeCi~:i"fely!, eoUUoo a1sRPTpa NGO. and Trainhts rOf 'Fat[!M~fs' Em~we,rme[lil:;The PbilJlp;phrue, Rice ExperienQe ..

PbiLRjcei:s aTIati~ :ag.C]l!;cy lwul![ldaood~Q s~lILead and CQ{lr-di1li<iJtt .rice reseacc~. and de.1I,Ie:I!Opmen~prQ'gtams 1111 lie P:bmpp:i~..es.PI:l~~IUoe was es.mbli~oo Q[I NOi\lcm!oo:r5,,~9'8S lID c~ Oi!:!~ ,ffive majo.r olbjeciIJ.lIe~s. nMl.e[y I) ~op~18iliI, ~;l\d:Crtale. ,coO',ro,mlte tild food f:lruiol!!a!: Rimd D work i.!ll. rlee ~ldrlQ~·'bm;ocll(MmlI~nssysrems;. 2) de'!J'eil,opiilili!dooo:mj.na~e 'n:h.e~alim'l!ll ne:Motk ofr!IC(l;£,lalkms ~!'lrbe diffe:rempMt5 of IIih,ePih,i~ip~~m.es.;3) vl~rify, ipackage" ruld ~sil'efecO;llOmic.1,]])' '!j1iab~ea11ldl ;sod:aJly acceptable Ileci1nolog~es:. 4)~il\Qvid~ ~p·w,· d!ai(e~nmrma:llo!l! f~ po~~cy fOrflli!:!]a:uQIlJ ~atwiUS!~IIII:IiIl~te ric~pilod~cti.Qrn!,m.adreti[lg"an,~ O(lllkSIIIJH'lp'!:ion;Md 5~, o~g:mi~ ~n,3!nd d'ev,eJop i~e dee [l!ltilluSIIy'smupower.

PbiWRioeimplemef!1:S '8 l»ajor prog;l1l!m$ 1111. 'carn.ry~ng OILI'l itsm{W&~~, ~se are. var[~fiBlimprovem.e]l!, pl:afit!f,lg.l:l ferLiHz.er mana,g>ement,. iIltregrnled pest ooa:n~!1iemeflilit, ii~ based farming rsyst.e;:m;s,. dee ellg iJ[leer]ng/ruecbM.i:tMicm. fice cl:lem8!:1:1.<l_1l.d frocdscierlil:OO;. soc.la1scienceandpoliI.'lY ~esearclm! and ~1:n:mlogYllfalt8;(et.

Tiecli1llrnolo:Qry Tlransfer Pr'109lr:am of PII1 n Rite Prog.mm Goal

Tiec~]I,o~ogy transfer ~s essentially '!:be i!1il:terme[l~HY s)15~em beillM.'!iC:cDllhe reseMCbi p~logfamSgd dhmts ofPhi1Rjc~. BelIllig S'lIJcb. jue~ M thec~ve[g[[Ig poinwf,an [ie8e3l''Cb p:rogffiTIlS wi~ respect to die[ll:S~ [I!lwilmm1y cQm~(l~ed 'of f~en;/f~ bO.1i!se-lilolds, e::>:wnsk)l~~s~.~an:/h.er,!l,. policy~mak:e[,s" mrru de'l,l'elo:pmewumail!l!'i,s,en:, e~urepre~~t:!r\Sand cOmQ,stlmers Cfi.glll'e 1). TIn/ego@) ofl8cbm1QI!()gYlnilllster 3.t, P:h ilR.:iae is ro

help'I:II.!~ld soong gel seU:"roll~tf:aJl1.11t1~Q~:1I1'IiJ;Il;UJ~li'lies!tluQ1l!1l~ ·the de.yelo.pme;n;t~!dllilili~atiofi of s!ll1sta:i!!1:ab~e da: O'Wd rice· based tecb~O:logi.es.

Fj!;,FtMEJilS ElCi!f~SIONIS'JS POLICY M~KE!Fl$ RiESEAI'IiCHilIilRS EiNmElPiREMEl1M CClfllSlilMEm

Program IFramework

The fnt(m.~wQ~k:and$u:a~~gy otl~d!!:!Qlogy ~sfe<rat PJI.ilRi'oo is, 1Ilru~cru:Wy f:anJ!lew"c~oo(\ed ac~d OOf!!lJ1!lUllility-b~d. 'fib]s $~OO:llY departs from. !fie: u"adiltliomll I!IlnH~neM :now at 1~IiI[lo~o,gje;s from, r,es~~ ce!M~ lID dm f\'illms;. Ralt!tll).l".il~ reooglilii2les dle OIlJ:rre~t slaite and pwbJemsof ~hI1!o~ogy m~nlJl!ti()!n ~n fmn CQrn:I!1J:uni,ue:i, ,and ~ae!:!tiitie~de!,i'do~~ (ec:hiltol!oS~esi.~'Ii!\SI,I'mer'sh:i~, w:iiUh faarmeJR h1' D,prco,y,e;;rnd $QI,~, lbem. MQl/eOiVu.misalso, oocogWlizes (bill otiti~rolc of ~:m~Jl1i;lJ'base~ Qrgami:u!I:lionSMdi:oca:l, ,govlllmllle".~ unims in dle,Vleloping ruil.d p'romoti~g a par!icu!lac ited~~o~OiBY. Tl)!ls. m~agen~a 'of n~cl:uno~:ogli' (OJ[[Ies (fOmarnd:~QoiP~ back ~Q tbe ifwer.

Pmgram Thrusts

D!.e:Je are 3 majOl tbm8:LS, of me PIlBRice l~cjllw.cilo,gyl1ml!sfcir :p.ro2lram: IImi:nliJilS, ,o~~faml ,techn.ology develo~~~!~t,,!lnd dlf,l.ve:lopmei!lit ,c()~\nrU.ilf!icatilO!'i. Trnj](!ing, i:s '[hIe ~jg,ges'l th .. !·lIls~ and flCIf; as 31. bub '0'1" aru~ 'red:l:ru::l~ogy 'transfer ,aclivi~ies.h: is prlmari~y :fOO!!lsed ~.i:m:proving the: oo.!liIpe:~ndes of a,crU:icaJ m.:ass 'ofWlln~s,~'XtellilliQnistS. mea:reJ]ers~ and fan:n,e[lcaJde:rs. W.l:IO' wi]] speadlea(J localcfrom wn ;rtoe P.f'(I~ucliOti.

O~,·farn:l tetbnoiogy d:e.VeJQJll~M~nl~is eeneerned witlb deve~o,p~ng loo.aition·speciliic aJ:!d ~~sla!i:oobille rice,procllu:ctioIrlJ post~p~.~,c{jjon wci:!'f1olog,ies, in .~~.er;shl~' w ithl fa:rmc-;I's. S lJI!ltai~talt}le 1ie(b:~o~o,sJes I~ devel(lped base-d QI!]j thew eool1lolm.lc viaibH:i,(,y. Ilecllaicru lie..asibil ity ,ellyiirQllIime.lual c[fldeillcYimd sooiQ·,eu11M;!!nd ~~~bmly. O~ the oth~ bliiIIII:~, deveWop:m.eHt,c.ommm:dcationp[(lvid:es,ilTIiregraJled.m~i3, SIlP!IXlR 'ro 'trnlif!~ng. 'Qn~farm lecbino,logy tdJ~"cJQpmellt, ad. local nee erx:teW1s~c~acliv~Ue;s, 'woou,g:n pn!'llt.. broOOiCaSt Mid aud~o-v~s!i!al (;omm~nJkalion (FWg~m: 2).

8

I

~g!li.Ire 2'. l:h!~l.ud and Co",ponelill15 Q.f ffiePhiUA:!tle l~hlilolCjQY T1~;lII'I$'Bf '.f9i1iraQ:l

'CWllnOOln,t :S,~QlUJ'S ,o,fPlhi~Rlce irll"si'nhmg Progr.am Gams and Ob,jeotiV1e;!s

The ,goal of Phi,(llice ~lti:nlilllg ~:rog~am is me improved ,compe~.elilce,of me IlIi1ippwl'le~c:e ~m;JlJst!'y'smaN!~ler. Its, abijecdves Me: to;

• ' tJ;aiu;:t, tn:lic<'l~mas:s of 8111 bjieiC~m<'lu.er spec ia]lls~. ~arcll1::~ ~~s~o:nisu., and flJUlil!l;er~1ea.d~s;,

.' 'e .. ve~op.. [est. [pffidw;ee'", ~,tm ·e:V~lJit!~· app:rop:ri:a~e ad i[JI[bQIV.ali,V(l; training me[h,Qdlo]og;ies~ ~md

.. de-Siip.and iim;p~emem.ev[tlull~m~ sebemes for ri'oeL!'ID!:Img pr,ogrwns.

IP:hi l!Rioe Or'9'anizal:ion.alll Struclu re

TbePh~]R:ice: ,otrgam..izaHonCf:i!l'lillfC 3) ~$ ,tOIlll'!ii!o~ed 'of 3, dellm'tm~~ns: roseareb, ~Clc'hnology U'3!r!sf:et. al!'ld l:I:Ie admililii slt:l:'<J!live SliIfYpori de,ru:mmem •. Delle ,l!IeJparmnel'lts, ~ tbeprbN,ary imph1lIll&ll!l'~iJ:lg Iln~ts Qf~ 8 :pro:grao~s mctU.io:noo e'<lirLier~ The Reserud:lDep.att:rn.eflt oo(m,pri~-s "1 divisions namely, Plm](Bmedl~g, Ag'Qng!ny ~dS.oils"Crop 'ProI~Li.of!. Rice .Erlig]nec:!inl1;and MechMli~a .. .tiolt, Ram;lffilIlg Sysrem.s, Ri!Ce Cbe:m]stry ru)~ Food Sclenee, alll~ Soc,iru Sc]elillce ~.~ Polky Rle,se;m;ib. T.he T:eclhlno~o£y Transfer nepa'l'iUDTh(ln~ on lie allH:r hand. 'CO\mfriS.e .. s the Trnlnin,g. Com:m.l.lillicati,O'"!ilud Oll~Fawm '~eC:I~l1Iio~Ogy Deve1opm:e[b~ DivisioniS, Tl:lIi;niin,g is the focus M a111[ecbinol:ogy tr<rn...sf'ef'B:ctivi,lies si:nollit.alnver:l'le." rese:ai!'!;;!bWl<W d.ev.r,;:lop:mCDl Ql!UpUts.

Pb~cealso CM:rdiiIII:lllit'ls uril:ulrlmes Itb.e res~1iI ~d dC'vclop!TJJClI~ !!;cuv$(.ic:soif ~lI'Ofe tba:vt 60 a;s~cics wurk~!ilg 01'1 nice mU:iJi'll:lwWe. 'Uis ~nclll,a:cs eXij)erinu'mt i~iEa'~io:n:SQf 'line uatiotnru: nA,andsta~J~ CQlli(lg~ ~Ild un~ve'rs~ti,es (figure 4).

l;rei nliiln 9 !RIsso U1lr(:ie!s

M~npo'W~r.T.h:e Ph~lRi.oe TrninilligDlv,isiiolIl is 1l1Ia:n:ne(l byllie (dUowklgUl!J,!1IiIn,g swrw~~hl:h.{;:irres.~ti:ve pl~l,ma pO&i!.liolls and qlJalI.i.fu::alic;ms:

1. Cldef SC'iCl!'!ce R~~l~ SpedaJist (YaC<mil)

2:. SUlpen':isin:g Sdencel~.eSie!lrtb Speda]jsl (1).~ .Ba.chdJor ,of SdelIlcei;n, A,g,rkll~mre, w~th.a Ms.o;;oor of Sci!cm~in. Ex:rells.io:n, Eth:!C'8Ido[!

3., Se:ll!i:or SCie[lce SiIle;e]a] ist (1) ·~Bac]lJot!Ior of Scbu:1ll bl A.Il,rk;!:IUur~ whil a M~r Oil SCieollOOif! E:Il!:eflSi!)lil Educm:i:ofl: (One Sf., SItS is also va.cam)

4. Sc;i~o;: :Resc::!i1Cb Sp.eci.a]i.~:~. II (:l) ~·B~c~elor ,of Sc~ience in .AigM:CIJ]~JtI~'e wHh a Mas~.e'[ ,of:!kieit!.ceilfl B:r;:lelIls,iou .13duooLi.oQi (o:og;oi!lg)~

5. S:c:iel:lceR~earc:h SpeddSl I (2:)·lI]~che:lor 'of .s:cie:~ce: im .AgricuUure wiw 3J Mas,~er'QfSciemce ilm .Agro~Oi!l!!.y 0) a~d (1) B o:'Icl:ielor of Sci ence im. [)eve.:lo pm em t Comm.\!Ini;C;l!!tiicm;anda

,6. SC,iellce R.erearelil, An1lJllySl. 1: U) ~ Bachelor of Sciel'lcei~ B~:s~!)es$; Ad'IUiJl,isltatkm.

The S\!l.pervisin.3 s'RS aCJ~ <1'lS Di'll'i8~On ~eadm the absence of a Ch~(!:f SitS. I",ldsliI~ ~:rfmrms ,arlmi:nistmti ve fUIl!Cfiolls alSid!efrom le.milo,g iil oorlceptlla1:iz[ng,. d'esiglJin.g., ,eN.al1l!O'I!ti~g. ~mp~~m~lui ng~,d 'c~@rd.ifla:ling 1U'.ain.iWl,ll ~[""gr~ ~Qr lli.e "",alriouS, d.iiCfll[S (If Phm.lioo,.El'i.ck .stllff is dic1cptcd as a project le:adciI" by being lassig;ned IlQ :Gl.an~ge lapa!!'i:1cl!.!l!:tl ninillIlg pliogrnm. HClil'oo. asmff 1!I1fIIClergoes IWlle wlIio]e prooess of b;uulling <'II l!!!"ainiln.g ~rog;rom, f~olnar,ga a:IlMysJs, !'!eCl([,~ assessment,. p[{lSl'ruil'lplml~i:l1lg, fm'malive, and !ilillmrnllUi1ve ,evalll!llll~otl of term:maJi re;pon: wti'u'!'!g. .

A project h::ader, however., ~s backsilOpped by his fcUol!W Wl~!iI~n~SllalT during the ;lr~niillg pl"QOOS:.i. U~fshe ~~50' is ,e~per:::~M tlj,b a cu~.()p,0611ea;guesi~ npLeme~;!:ing.!heir~8~gIied projec~~:s. (h~ i.daflc~ il!)l:ld s~p@n ~ provildJcd~~' tb~ S<(l~ror slafL As amnOil'S, mey are aD:w expected tn have a ]Il<lS~e:ry ,of

~opks 'cQi\i'iC[\ed by weir uail!'ii:nlg ,tl1mclI!I'la. Hence,. eacllillrur.uinOf is noW ,capab~eof.f>llIpervi.:s'ingmdm,:ma:gilng !n]!1Ilflg progwns ~m:p~em~lru~ed by P:JiI:i.IRwce mni,olllwide. 'file Inilin~[Ig p;l'o:g;ra:nII ,of PI:li,m.ice ,e!1lj.oys U~e :stlPiP~ft of tm! e rese~.aud a(imi,1ll:i:saativ6 departrnea,l.<;,. EX"pfJ!i[ise GM! ooread:ily ~fIi'ppe.d from 'lhie :B,varioIJ8~eoo3fCb pJo'gmms of Ph~~Ri(;e. ~IlC.']ydi~g U~Orer~0!!11 the: 9a:Lkmal lice R ~[Id [) ~eLWo;rk.

Tlfainin.c FacUiiUes. llIe .~Jls~:inue is ,9dOwed wIll uailllng fac~ID~tJ1es arnd eq:il,~,pmelllt th3J~ ~. housed at the ,P'JiliIR~ce Experi:m,e!:lt S Uldon~n M~Uga·YaJ, M~noz. Nueva Ecij~ Th:~~:m:. $DIl,Qllg, the fBldru~(ies Dd tlqjllWpmC!mll3.oq]lJlir.ed by I'IDi LR~cc I:lir,ougWl a 3rW~(·i!'!"aidof lh~ J01!Ipa:n'[m.c";UHiQ1J~ (lQo!:,emLiiQIl ,A,RiCncy (IleA). F;oUo,w~ng. are me: I:fainil~g .f~c~~~tigsar.!d eqrll1illlTttC,Ul;

The TrruninIl, D~v~siQ~ ,of Pb~~$l:ioc iiseq;u.ip:ped w'i!1l :3 oom~llI!ter"S. :~vi~o, cameim. m~n:l2. SLii cameras, It Illso' uses thcpl:inting ;and. ,d,deQ,·docl:Jme~[It.'ltiilJ'rl s:e:tv~ce~s IO! the C'o:mm'UilllJ~catio;n:!l· gr.m,~pMld ~M a«;ess t.o' the phQ~.ocopy~rnlg DWlc]!ii!lc ~ad al,ia!i1sp~:rlClr' mmrerof [he 'l:'ech!llo~;osy"frans:n::f Dc~rtnH,lmt,

3 ,aTr-eClITI!1i~Omlrm

IrnJllIfn:g rQ(llf!"liS, '1iI'lU'!·an eo pGf~1"I ,~o!~

1.If:a!im,g dormil1Jry with 4air·amcMiOfl~ nl(lms ~le 'o~dil'!aryr;)l)!"!!!S: 1ha'1 Ciml f:LQU~6' 00 ~Mjllicl,p~1:s

:alHx~n<:Iilioneclca!r~~ena wan iillleO pclf$OO

capacity

'] mr·ooodilimOO C{!fI:r.s.n;!f1oo [(lorn 110'00,0. ~o ~r:sOl'l capaoily

'~ aminllJ room ror '115 Pfil~~S I '~ lor 25,persOills

1 oonl'arel!!!i&I,5Qd!all1~1 wUbl! a.3OO persorn, ~pa¢l!1y

Ead'I If~ is .aq!Jlpp-ad wi 'OYe!'h~ &: slkk! pr~E!G,i:oH;" bela P~'!lf. monii!o!'. ~rKi ~5tem &Aitl6[EI,pOOnli

With :2 ~oun{~~ [,COrns

\!Vim enil ,oVGtlilo3.d 3tKI slidQ proJeictor.,. ,sourtds.y.s~!I1I

B>fi1!'l rooms !!ilt'oltl 8. souM sy~hml!

u\U~~~,~ ~

v

,~ '.'

~y.a5, E:Jtp.e1!lrn1M'll Sl~lrcn, I 'H .. ~.,I_

®0e~l'!0!1 E-XiIlt!ljm~rMS!Uli1OFI ,,,,fit!

H~ClC!lOOrler$

a Prill!C!p.1l' 'Cf[ca'

'.' efil.!'!dQOrn.lI Slm::IGWoli

~ R!eg~n.lI'~a!'dlJtet!ilCI$

,~ 'C"DQ~rilUi1l~i!ind Tru~ S'ti!1!!tlfl~

LEiGE:~OS;

:Oud!gcwilfY AJ.I.o~,tl:on. Die tmb!iingpoogfam ofPih:irnR.ioe: is :fiuMled Il.h!:Dlllgb re.gu~3iIf m:uluala:p;p:ropr:ia:l:iWl:S ire~eased by 'Une ~·atID@Ia<'l!l: ,g,Q¥enlmel]t~oo~.gl~. 'lb,eDep$un~t (),£ .II,udll.et ,;md M;magcJ]IJeot PbiRioe;'s. pnu:aID budgeta110C<ltian :fQ!L' 'nini!1gs1gtdfiica!:u,~yill.~ased foom, 19871l.!p W 1992. Ttaiu~!],g bll:dgel~ om::res:,PcmcUllg,ly pmgreSS'ed WJilh tile w[lcreasein. lh,e, :irullLllllJer ,~€ PruJruce's~m,g otUputs •

. Pbli,llRi.ce llilVeslS an av~mg;e of po 2OROOpe;l:' farmer~ p:aifti~ipm1t. Th~~ oovers l'~~!:'.s'w.ili':I~!lg m.~iS~ S!llpp]i~ Md 'OitbClf ]n.c.i,derl~ ex~nses.., nalo:irng oOsn$ :per f$[mer ~s relalllv,e]y low becaus.e fru'm,Cf'S Lraio~f!gi!l are cOfldl!lu::~~ ~J'I I~~itr b~an:g~ysw IllIey CaIDl. go, home :ro~ ]lliInch.

01'1 'ibe 'orner ~ood.Phimice inVes,'!.Sil~oil ~ P 4,00(1;00 :fo1' evceq tt'l!!iiJn~r{.s~~iaruis'lI:l1tiJmd., 'DI.ls(:Q!o'ers I~eir '!:raining m~l~fials. suppJie;s., MJIi;ru:li .ood .8!!!Jacks,. a1CeoIJWImQcIDa,tio!i!~ ;m,d on:hc,indde;lruud cx~enses.

1"ra,~ninglA:cti:'viriesalilld .A:e,eQmllpl~shmIEH'lIt:s Training Aocomplishments.

Since 19:87,Pb~IRi.ce: 11111:1> [)i'3lue4 S.O!~94 pru:nclpal!l(S '(Tabl,e. 1 ) •. DUT~rem u:a:ini:n,g prograJ:I1IS ~ beilllg (lQ!]d'nlCled fer uaililo:rn. s.eecID gr,oweJs.far;mers,.owdsl'Ibje<:l. mill~re:r s(pcdal.ists. Pin.ilruice',s hi.gges!: aclilievcmeli'lit ill U'~n~og ~s the Qfg(Ulb.a.tioln ~i~ deve:l.opm!~~tofaJ COliC of ]o~ 1~:l'Qers who, Ilainl :ra:m'lle~s of NGOsJcoope,r.:lItlltes. iilillhe:k ]'\~specliive ruQj:m!l:ru(l~es,

l_Tir','3,jmmi.'lraJinrngs

,;!l~ Parmar~ naJ'rtlliilg~ 9.S~grQ'Wri<l~ n·aI!'ilrmg:s 4. Spoeo!:la1llzSl:i TrgJnlngs

1,396 4S/1tS2 :2.2S0 114iO~·

llfRd.c'J"lltis scheme. Pbilrucemld'~e Agliotllm'm1TrnJin!ir.g J.!1IStiliu!lLe.{A.TT). whenevevH b It[lcs.e[lLin ~e 10CW.i'ly, organ~~ a core of .Ioc.allilaii:n.ers. 'COA ~d SUCS). De wainer,s. are Ihe[l tra:i~edb~ a.r'ov~ng Imam of s[lcdaUsts f~om PlldlRicc: W'iJd Ul!1iverg:i~ of IIc:PhU~~:pii!n~s at Los BZiI'ioS (tw.l:E·~). Mlcr U'ai[l'irn'ag, rlll.e local! ~n:r.!I.i.llJ;erntrnjin lfaro'len: I1nder the sl1pe.rvjs~o[l wPJl1URice.

. As locarn ~JiiJing~'pa!bi.lities de¥el.o:p, se~'~nllall<I:g:cd [~e!!S· tr~ni~g P[O!El~l'!:S are flo~emyi:mpl.~m~a)I~by NGOs omd.Ums wlid! fU1nJ~i ng sGlppor[ 'r-om PhilRlce;. Otbera,g'cl'lc,ic-:s (lrovida the e~~i:se ~~cd,cd lij Ilfaini.ng; Unde:r(hli:s DMOgro.m. Ph~]RiJCe lias ~F!edn.396 local Utl.i]'f)CJlS II'! 4,0 fj,"Ovi]'f)rOes w',"o in ruJml:fi'lilwd 49.£198 iI':!lmJIC.J:!: slaee [987 (T.1Jib~e 2).

10111: :2. I~. ~r rfa,Jlm5.11 ,llll!;clllDcam 'IraTw:lerrs b'a]niCd by IprQillfJnctI\o ~98:1.tll'99l.

il"failnAf·g" l'rai!ne,'d!

IF~m .•. ~'· TI~lfledl

~" AJ!bay

211 Aw,om

3~ &:taar!

4) ~s

5~ BrJlaJ,,;llI

16~ ca.gay,EiJi!

7~ ~i:tIes Sur

,S) C8,y,i16

:9)1 COrQlller,a Admi!'lri('itrj]/~'iEi

A.eglon ~CAFI) 1'0) ~Iocos Norte 11) Uooos Sur

'1:2) ~~b~l~

1~) 1U\9W~

14 lSJ 'lJnlon

1 S) ,rNi:leI!lIli IEcija

'16) rf::J:u:iI\!'l'lJ ~~~ay.a

17) Oceidantal MmdOro 1 9) Or~(jl'rllal Mll'l®rO 19~ .fi!.:aIl:.l.'wfUi!1

20) Parllf':il!'lga

21) P.aDIIg<I4Qn<lll

22) Qu.§on

23) RIZS1

24)1 SQ.f~n

25) TauilOlC

26) ZamOOles

'1 ~ AiI!JainllIi;)~otMijql:lil

:2) 1~1

3) IWyI.6

4) Neg~O<;Qiol;!nta!1

5) Sarmai'

WNDAN.MJ

1) 'Bu~n

:2) IDavae iMorlg

a·) 't:Jo;1o'9,Q' Sur

4) IWi'lSiO dall S'Y~

5,) SouUi! Col<ibaW,

e~NOrIJfJ CotaIm'tQ

7) .~ooanga del SlUr

1&
4!j, 'li5ill.
10 3,5Q~
S
S;S ~.,OOO
1107 2,581,
Sil S,l ts
10
~ ,400
37 2611
1!!3
'frl
SO :26
,6(1
00 3,2£13
ail! 450
00 ,6,2
25 51
00 3~
1&1) 4~
00 7,99'11
40 8M
7,01 1,./005
2~
100 ~i593
137 75 1,271

1.296 2,085, 2,'07;0'

3;773 . 0'179' 100

T,a~ni;IiI'g A,ct~vi:t;ie's

Pbllruceis~!!!t!ly b;'p~em.ef!trn:g4!.y~ o~'~am:iJngpm:gNW:!.s fOrb'ainers. seed grow:ern. famlJer.s,. <md ..,:Il:bjectlIl<'lner s.peci:a'lj~I1S,. Mml.y of tbeseare II1e~d1 at '!:h.e PhnRi,ce Cell!tra:ru J3,)::~rinlen~$taItiOIn .in .Nueva .Ecij;). wll~]e me milers ate OeJ[l[iuC;led. :iJlldiffe!le~~ regb:ms of l~eCO'!i!!u!:J'. n!e: W!l1:dllgS are described as f:i;lnows.

1"miners'l'ra~f1Iing IF' fQgram

This 6.d~.y Qot!~i~ for looarutr:afunms in\l'ol ved run l1'ali:I1.rn,g fa:rm.u membeJm oll'NGOs ;md ,oo~rntiv~. I~ IJp(b~s ~d shampCills: OODlipeilen~iesof pani.(;i[paIllS m. rice :pr-OOu:cfio:n,. lIla~nili!g mamH!:geme:rn ~f,ldre] !!:ledslo(:i:;ll tecbno:~ogy. MemodioLiOgies:a.re 'lI'a]iWM,edandsw:l~di~d.:a!i!d ~~ci~~ are· ~SIO organ~~d. tl'lto' interd:isci:plh'laJrylfain,ing 'OpeQrt:lOllS reams (TOTs)_

Rice IProduction Traiiin]ng PnJgrC'ull1forF',eJJm,ers NGOs .amd f8mH~f"S' !il:oo;perauves provi<J:e.llow-coSl c:re<lil .. seOO!s.ex~s~o:~, ].mS!l,~b~eSll fil;c~l~tie:s,. al'ld~ti!D;gM'!~pm ~o their rl!i!'WIIl~:r memlbers. Pb~ltioo ]l![Q'\I'ideslecburkal ~Ilpport IlmlQgb mis3"daiy tJ:ainiIDg.~tbas.2comp(llllietus! rioe<pli()dUiCtiO:!'! andsoci$! t~l1Igklgy. T~ners 'Wb().~v,e'U~r&Q:Ile 1'raIDf:le[S' Tf;l}j~ing are mObil:i~&Ul()impl~1FHlfltlhl~PfQgra:m..No r~erbenefidacy ,c<IiI1I a.vail ofa !pwOOu.c(~on loan wi.!li.m:1[ .guitlg tlruOO'ugbi 'Llruistrarunlng.

Rioe,$€:€id PrcujillC~l~on Trra.i nirnQ Prog,r,am lbisro~lrs~. ~s~@r r:arn:!e.r-seed grower.s. o:f !cooperadv~ :sll!l.~iported b,mc .LomdBiUlk or !fie: Plbmp!piines, (t,I3P'~)' and o'll:!ew.flin3[U::::iflgiMIiIIDu~o!'lS.UeJ;:we I.'!J:alined OfiseOO [lr(jd'uc!~ofl 'oochniq:ues oom~GtheifOOQIPe:l"a!tive~&setfs1i.l.frh;:·ie:[ll in seeds • . Afilerlhe, nilil~[Ig.p;m;:id(Wlts buy fotmdlltloD seeds foom P,hiUUce. 1lriiey mll.!l.tJply these IW !uUls'ly l:he:l!r Q'W1lI neoo.s, LB P p.r-ov.i!~e:s p~oductioIlIQ:ms 'l~lhe OOO[)eT.lJIl'!lCS; wlllo.ce1eilll~ it to their .r~er ~mbe-~s.PhilRic~smff<U'!d DA ~ed il:'!~peC!lo:rs PfQvi,dle post~If'!!l!i.1i1ins ~echl'licail. assl S:IM,ce,.ll bas a du:rati:Q[I ,or 3 d1a:ys.

S:pe,ci~a.lflz,:ed Training ,P'rog rams

The l.cmOlIDtb oourses: uain 'pan]d~~[S on certmn spedal]zed. .3C!e3.!'i o:f,oollwrnWme mtegm~edpe!i~:manag.e:m.e!1!l ruld pesticide rnam~gemenl. Tbesela,re usually do!!e in ~espcmSleto feq,ll!ests Oil' !i)~iein:l ·agein.des.

'C'ol~a:boFa~t:ion of PhillR~ce Wi,~h Other Inst:itWl.tions

P'bmR:ice bas a strong. 'ooUaIbOIr3:li.ve resea:rchalildJol[ dievel,op:m.en~IJII:li(le:millg;s willi orne;r :re,serucbinstitutions of I:hreDA" ~~ co.n~g,g;$tmd universities (SUes) •. lmI.ding land :fiimmcins in~ttiruI:iQns. faume:rs" oooper.uIDve;s oodflOliI:nOOti.ons., localgQvemmru~[lt~flUS. <lind i.nu:ma~i.Qilla] Qrganiza;ti.ol1hS. Iik{!, mRl.

A.J,. mentioned ealiffiier. 3.r1)viil'll1,l team ofspeci:a:liruSi~ r~om PJnIlRice!l1ld UPl:Btrmlll od. org .. lze [ooaJ wa:mers il'l!om the ~ocal DA, S ness. NGOs ..mdomc;r glfvemm,e~U~[le: 1l8~!1:C~(;s" I~~'elllc.c. ex;p~t.iSie ~,mppcd f~llm Iocca] DJ!!:;JiI;IJd SUc.~!dter @:ley ba.ve Ilind!efgOl'lenil1lerg,i ~ami!llll:ij sp.o[lso.ood b~PibiOOce. The;se. ~QC~ nilticrs ar~ O!rg~ni.~d bMOI COillllPQsHe Qi~ imerd]SCipiinary lI"ai:ni.ns ope;ra:I:lO:l1:s Lerna:s ('rOTs) w~.o call, fe<l~~ly imp]em..e:nt :f~e:r~.' trni.n:i~gp~'l.18;raIDsinLbeif .respecUve loca~l]ties.

Non-·gol\i'~~!:U.organiza.1Wcil~S (NGOS) Sgdl~. f~ars' Il"Olllll'lOOil:ijJi[lS mid' ,eoopemHves .3It;maiin I.)' fesponsib~e ilil mobUi~!IIg fa!!1;rI(!~rs,.and! bfl PfQvfd~n:g ,or:ganiizatlonl,l;I. ~d miIDa:Jem:e~i~ ~Wi.lCll!I!r,ero:r ttle:ir r~ef.;m.ern~.m •. NGGs .also sene - as conduits o:f ~c;ndi1llg/.fimu;u::iugiitl.sdll1uO~.$ for .agric~hu.rol cred[t wh~cbis imc:~~ed for farmers.

l.eml!ing i[lsl:iluliom; suell as ImtdBiDk oflbe Ph~li;P[p!incs CL'B p)pd, tl:!e CQopetlltiv,f;l Rural B~I!:.s (eRaS) rUll)vilU'e ~red,(~ il'l!lrriiceimd riceseedpllOducl1.0n at 1aw lru.eres(l1!ool'l. There ared~f!e:l~d 'lbro~ gbfanneroS' roopel1l!!ives ami fOlJln(la:tiolUl s. wbo ill tuo. re]end it w l[ll.\~i;r raa:ll!L~r":mlcmbcrs. ATI, wbelleve:r it is pa:esej~lt~n alocrui~y. ~u'::I~~ ~[1 Wif; mana.g~rn(lf!~a;!.d1imip1{l~1e:1'I~tiQ!~ of f~IH's~trai!ni!!!:gs l?[lovide'.S i~D!i:n:g IO.gi SI~C:g and !l.:OJ'I'teri'nMlc:i<i support,

M"lr,eove;r .• LGUs play an im.porwu role ~Il IiIlobi 1 il'li1llg NGOs. SUC~,. aJiI(J ~i![le O'IS'encies. of governmf:;n!lin rice·ml<lJlied I:J:'ajning ilIiIl()l deivelopme:rn :p.~Qgrruns.. L~: ~ead:~rs!l-.:ip IS ,criuca1 h~ s~stahdn,glocal rice .ru;lilOl:lipnJg[;lID)sespec:iaUy i.1ili prav.idin,g pos[..:lminling fOru~Q:W"IU;PaJld m.o,ni.~Qri:IlI,g .!I(.':n:hdu.(l;l!),

OCAT. O:fi meo!lbe:fl:!ro!.d. ilS.l1e:ipm.g d,eveh:J!p' We cap.{Ibll i.ly oil'PJlJ:iUtice:"s mWlpO'Wtef bY~II"()i\l':idi:llIg.~.Q1J.d!e!gwc::el:m,hdng f!()[ ~ts.:re.SC'Mcllers and uruners •. In teclimoLogy iiJi;Hsfer ro:r ins~J3.!Il.oe! 13 staffh,flve t:!ndergonea l-:nlontb 'frru~il1Jg :and 'reel1.f!o]Q'SY Tram SiI'er Ceurse (I'3e) in ~.991. m.ru: ~SO' :p:rQvi.d~ MS a1!d PM!) ~~sis SY~pO.!1 ~.Q des-erv~ng. P'lwiiRire scMIru:s.

PbillRke collabora,]e$ wi:1b IRRIi:m implementing $.pecial prlJ.lll,f~s like theviUage Ot BmranSo:liy~nte!,ratetru P~·Sll Mmila!Bc.1ml!flm~ .rIUPM) ~iiQjoct with a U':alnil!l~ 'COirllpclrnetnt Tbesellgc~fIjc,]esba've traiflf;:d a. glioupof'f3tiiller·]eadern foil' one 'c:!'OPP'illl,ll, soasQnl;lD IPM.Tbe uruned farnlersh.ave; in U~:m um[ledi ol~ber fru:m.e:;sin the·ill" neig:h:bClling bru;an.g<lYS".

The aocOlmpU:sl:m.~n(S ofP,f]lilRii;l6, in ni:~iIn,g rule .mailflly I:mougflt <J!b()~~by ~ts ,30tive m]e: il1l ~me:r~aJ!.ency ,colll<lDormio[l. Tbe;f;YT!Cfg~S,~ of ,coUabonu:ii1ifl a,g.c~!C~c;s PQoJsiin!Li~£d res(lu~Cesaild:p~sh;ell'l'h~ efJiid.em a~id·d·fe:ctive iI~.pleme'!1L~t1o]l ofl:fain.iRg,r"Ogr.l1m.s t.l) the:co1ll !:ll!)'s~de.

Training Pn'gram IP'~ann~ngat Phi~Riice 'fniningpro·gnLl]l.Silt Ph~~ruoe.~pJiWlf!cd dulCing. the ;;mtU~o\l!I Na~io:p. R~cc R SiIll.cru.D Rev'iew and 'Pli!Jn~ii.llg Wor'ks'hQP whk:bi ~s ,a[~L'l[lde~ by :reseat'Cbe'fSi'Uild d.eve~opm.efn workers from lile PbiHpplf!es Rioe: R !P.~ D Netwoft:. Thi:; :an!il!:l~ c()]lfc;::rc'I1©~]S beld al IIlle Ph.i.IRlice O::t1.~. .E;;I;peri]~H,:n[ StlI.tion for n]u.e particijX\ntslOrevi.ew rns~[l:S·ofLla.elir res.eru:ck amddev~~oPlJilem IJPde.rtakings, MId also, p~iU'l ;tcli.vilie":Si fowihe oomin.g year ..

B:epIJOOOflt,Ui'll'es o[ diffe(.r;:[I~, reg,i,QllS express ecil discl]ss th~i:r uarun~n:g,l'ieedsin Itl:Iisparllcl:!~~:ac:livH:y. Sepamteco~SIJ~I:a[jOIIl witb N'OOrepreseinl:a~ive"s is also rem,g une:ierllaiken by,PhilRilOO ~o respo:l~d.li() '!heir ~ni,[Ig!nieg.d~,

,1?~liUtice :also re.spOl'lds 10 rnqlll,es,!;s for uai;ni,f.lg frotn lGUs, NOOs !Ji[Ido,t,lliler ftmding ~g.encies. Dis cotlslilures the b:yl~ Oifb"".tifl~m!l,a.cliv~~es being~m~]e:mentc:d b~PhUR]re.

Piliri,lRice devc:l.ops ua]1l1[l_g co~rs:cs tha:~ aee ta![ored ,accQ[(I:im,g,1.0 the:!n;oc4:S, of lie pan~ci:~lS. TrailJ!:~lJ!gm(JdlUles vlll}' acoo(dil1l,S ~olocru:J;on~s,pecitlc :prob.lems ,SiJ:ld ~lld,iliornlS mat are,e:xpressedby !:loth local Wlil1lers mtd foomup.rui.J;dp.ru'Q;l:S. T~:rnli,ns needs ~~ssrne:!:I[. .(TNAJ ~s~wa.)'s dicm:e,bdore ,ar.!Y PlJiiWR ice uainifl;g pmg;ram, ISimpreme:l]lcd.,

PhilRk:ealsQ fe;slPo:nodis ~o rnquests, made by LGUSWld famlJen;~ grou:ps :spcda]]y OJ1,l:rni:nil'lgsre~atcd lOri,of} seed prodl!.!c~iol!lJJ. 'Majo~Hy of lhc.s,ercquested b"ainio8,s, are i:m,p]e:mel1ltcd biy the local Il<tiners 'U1i.illil.ed.lby Pl:il~Rke .in i:hG provin~C:$.

Tlmining MaitieliTa.rs.IOeV€f~opment

PIllilRice dc,\lx;~o~~ trallin~n~ m:il~efi.aID fl;n:UOlyp~~ wli!icbare kJoc!ili:zed by Uain!:,rn in I:he<n'lgi,ons. Loeal rrainers are ex,posed '110 ltI~v1!1iolt!s~c~:Ili<[!.l:es():r pJOd:Uic]llgIQW-OOSl m:rl~tJll:g m1'l~eriJaI$ foil': farmefS (luiiing lbe:i:rtrainil~g. Local. u:ilinc:ft call d:o mi~ oocollJse l.I~ey are. f~g1l.iUaf withi.ocOO cuUuoo and back.glXl~HiIJd of partkipan~s. LGU;; are !hel1ll:ie,s:fKm;sib:le :fbr rnassprodl.U::ingtrai'f~i!)f! mfloo:ri~ls fo:l" fruTIl'e~s,"

An extel'lsicm/i:milJiern' k~l.ilil pil'ov~d~iID by P:hiLRke fOif ,~a.cl~ tra~llcr wh:Q has co:m p!le,re.dn:h1L'l tr:mI1Crs'ffilLilil;illllg.'llllS 'kit COiill~i1[n& basic refer,c['!oe md ,c()m~·t1]j~~~caliO'!~ ~i!tato:rlal.sin rice production and scelal lec~n:lol!osy~eede:dlJytminel'll ~f1 d~ve[QP]~g~OCMi7~j] rJi!l.')t~n;ll] S" 1ih~ k~t; '~ombliI1JS a rice pro~h.l(,':UiOl1!~ec.~g·g!:!ide,.kat1.etll. rice ko:miks, le~~e.!n~~on~ cfimrnu~j.c:a!io:l'l miiJ~er,iOlii!,s:, v]dootape 01'1 nee prcoductioll ~eohflol]Oll,i~s:, 'c~~e:~le ~PC., a,lud oth~rs.

PlliIilRic;:e ls nOw deve~o(U[lg 3;. 'lniiillilers" mlMl'Ulm on :1100: p({ld~u:::li!o[l ud r.e[,U.ed sociam l:ecb(lol,ogy. Ort:he[ma~erials wm ,.:Is:o bf;). de;vdo(pOCI 'OUIl of (ilislnrin,ing m::;mIJ$I.

Major Prolblemsand C:onstraint:sin !the:

Implemen~;alt~'DIliI of Tra~ninQI'F,)'Ii"O~9r:amsat Pil1ill R:h::e

TIn,ere; !!1iC m,!IjQf problems be!!:: uling uai 11 i rig !#rogr.'l1ml m:.plelll'l!enl~![j,ol'l mPifl1[Rk~. rhsoo prob~ea.n~ win oolMiide~b~y affccl ![he mttu re aad m<l(g{rit11ldeofl:f[~in~gg ~o be i~plelTJ!el'll~d by Ph~llRic~ ~f! tllC f!:llIJre.1l1e.se ~. Ole fClillo'wing;

[U3:djcCJjli.!!l!!gt of' PbUIUce nlanpQw'e'tt~, Imp~enl!e~t F~C~-f'e!::tlted ~F:dlilJi,ng.pil'"~gF3Jm.o;.l'hePhlli,pp]nC!i gO\i'cmme:ru. passed [be ·',.i\,ltril[;ioJ1:l.aw·· w~ich, prohib~u;glOvernrne'!n. a.gcl'lde:s from hir.ingaddil:io]Ja! pcnClinnel fro:m ]99'1· ~99:);. Thus,vac<'l!U, plan~:ina posi H(II~~ arc diffh;:llIllt ~o I1:U. nu,: ~.QW l)~y[le4'l'atifliJl o.ffered by dle gQve:rrnll~n~ olIoo ma1{,esi.tdifficll]![. .for PbilRic:e to .-Uilrn.Ct hi~b!ly qual:ifi~rj ~rs;QnncL Ph,IlRh::e h~a UI'Il.~tcdLDtaru II1Ii<mlpUWC!l ccn:!'tp~em.e[!t of 567 U:Jo RIll ~ts Q;perntio~s lilat:ioiHwil~e" M@re l!Jhan In:a[f of me IW. WQ:rkfowce

(3, 1.5) ~iilSt8~glf!e~ at Ihe CelJitl:<liID Experiment Statio~ mNue:va .&:~j.a.. wbite Ii~res~ arerui:s~gillooa~ me P!lillli(;elilr.mdil, MOlM!"I$ at Mi&acy<i~' (90,),. S,a.m M::ateo '(36). ,ASIlSi'l!llI ,(W.9),. aIld Los, Daiios (50).

(JJlI['l'!!\'orable ,~~ic.y cl!I;wlrolllJm:cn~E'@.1' .fitce farming.

The P.bJi.l.i:ppi.llle$· ~eoont rllL)e imPO:lt:llio:ut from ThailaRd ;m.d tb~l\ece!1t i!i!cwe~ i~ lie priceDii' m.iUied l1'i:cc:fmm, P ~2JOO ~o P 14.00 peil'~g. ba\i'e:mool!!' rice [i;mners l!,!fllbi!i!iP.py. lilIllllgrullS gOo U:l' ric:clJla(iers wlilQ prooeS!ii ~~dJdyn~e; w]!JJcb !beey blll.Y f~o:m. tile: tafl:ners,a!t ~I,)W prices (P 6 .. OO1kg). TIlU$,1Ei3lilY famlers dio IllQtbave :lmilluereSl il!l . .ri!ce'i-£,claledU'aif!~ng oo.ca:lIoo theydoo'[ b:t~ ·lhei~,ce~!;i.ve wprorlll:lce more.

Lackof8i l!I~~l':I.ed f!<3Uo::n!31eIffQiI1.brClhe.Lmplem.mlb:!i~:jQn oif' rdl;l~~e~>!J~ed dtrvelopmcnt pr'ilIC"ams. The nati()(!l~ gOlvemmClilt b nowbpJe~e:!U:if!S (W·O· ma;iw ptO'£fimlS I:IIl:lioflwidlelrnown as t1m.c Grmtls P'roduc[iv.ill:yEnhalle,emC[lL Pro~ra!m (GPEP}'.and the Na;tional:~nOOSlJl!lOOPeS!ll:.'faocul,gem:e!U. (roPM)' fW1J;rruI! Ow KAS.ALlICAS.AN .. The GPE.p· '~ai!flillg compmaenttM~KASAUKASAN!UC ki:l~gl.cd by ATI w1d tbe:f!1tn.i.O\~~ [)A.~pectiv.e]y. :~d Ph~]lliceise;:li:pec[ed m SIiIppolll: bomp;rogf<L!ms, ~n IlernllS ofex:poeruse,I:ec:hlll.ology., :and .also ~f! Ir.ti:l1!i~,g. llte [J:!'ob]e'll'l .• howevf~r.i8IlliHlit tmi[J] progwams t.1r:g.e~ me Smlte tec'hni.d31ls ,of ItlliJe h)CiJ!].DA.

Jt win ta.ke ~OIilJ1Je. U~e b>illi""retne de,"'Q1Ii1Uon ,of ;cxtcl1!silo(ll s~r¥~ciilS run!lt:b!l! n9t!lonD~ DA ~!OLGUs wilU s:ta:biU:z.e. PbUJRJoo. ~:!(:p~lI':i~no~ di,ffic~~lY ill iIDpleme!l!tif~g b::ill i~ed uainif:lg ~.ogrmn8 in ~.e ~mv'inces due to IJIl'Isn:able le~d:e;rshi;p, ,e~f,led,ally' ~Il the ag,nc~I.Ullr.a] &e.,iCtor. 'Localri!oe: aeden PclaJfls c.m;n(it be imp.lteme:~ted. wilthQlJlt local leadeu beeaase ~ey me ln 'llI.e be.sl. poS;i~(Hii to !live :SQ~IlI:t:iQ[[Is·tp mei. ~oc~. :prQb~e:UQl~,.lt w1Inta1<e sorme wnebcJo~ePh:il:ru~e 'Crul flliUy impJe:meflt b'aini.rI,g:8,ibat Me almod3i[ de;'Ii'eiklpil~g ~m::a1 caipalbUitiestn rioe e;tt~sjon.

[D~sc:uss:i on 0·" PhU R~cel (Phw Up pines) P.re,sen~a.t~o n

Mat:lilleli1Jy~ How ~ac:!lei s thlC Trnini~ll Di v~s:i!ol~ of Ph illRica'! MaQl.'lh~b: TI~ere Me· about 25· ,P(Ofte!i:S]Oflru, 8ilaff llmJder the TiecbnotQ!lY Twa: .. sJerDep.amtmelltEjg~t 3Ll"e s'ilIppml :slilff. 5 .axci:n:l:railIlll}:g. <) m de:!,Iel~pmem~ communication Wld 4 in on·farm t.ccbl1Jo~Qgy (Jeve]o~merllit.Ule.itaV'el1lS'e:a,se is 28.

G,opal:: W.IliIY is YOlU swfmosl!y cxtenstQIl $peci,a:]i.sl"'!' ~\flQ!casi.eb!~ They a;re.mosUy sradllJa:~ecS of devciopmetu comlilim I'lIca;uan whom. WlIi need ~o.r de.vdopmg ~i!'lill!l :rn_,~~ei!ial~~. Tbey ailws~~ !irI(lI.sUy as uaiillli~gmanag;crs .. we get w,chnical bat'ks~oppi~g f~orn sc:ientislS ,(lfPlliIJj:ce.. ITtRl. ~panm!e,'lt of ,A;grk'u]tlIre; " lJP:l. B. etc ..

S~!I!igb. Why do yo~ c;a:J!~ y:oO[ ()(rganlilatio~ Phi~Rice'!

M:~~sb!b:l~staJ1lds fo!ll' P.l:lil~ppifle R~ce Rtes~b lr!M;iU!~e. 3IfIbQl;!,epeil'ldentgovc:mmcrn[.C(l~OlfatiQiIJI I.mdciI" l1i,eDepiU'lTI'lc:n:t of ,A,gricIlIUl:lr,e_ It ~s the. ,c]earing hQ~se Qfriceres~:ht :md de'\l'el,opmel~t In !be: ent]lie P:hiUppiWl'es. It ~nj oy!), ;SI!i!J)!poo!rt I'IIQITI, ~,h~

2'o,vernmcDt, .LOUs" amd in[erU3ti(l:!l!a~ Ol:'lruJliz:alt!i(ms. M~y I Md mal we have :a uniqll!Je ~Inill!tbie b"ai,ltiJf:r:s:"aJad ~w.ti]lli]1g of :rwefS~ pro,gr.am. W,e ta'l!~sou!iCe:sfro:m.Depart!'1!'l!e~~ of .Agriitl!ll.~~, ruea.diQg imlSIll~l!Ith;ms like ~eLQliId '!Bw. I,~ed 0111 ,mll" oilil.~so;i!ll.g eV.aiI.11:atiJon. w.e·are ,PJet~ng ,e,]I,oQUfaglmg :res:!JIlu.ParmtrS ~ gening :Iiii~gbef yffie:I(!)s •.

Oountry Re'~plort,:Sr'i: Lanka No:ndegre,e Group Tralnlnq on, Rice

S .. Wirasilln,ghe''''

-DeputY' {)/rectar of AgricUUu'(i(J (Technology Transfer) Snl.anks'

Ob,],ectiive,s of 'the 'Tr,aiining Plrogrram:s

General, 'ob~ecU'\ie's Of the Rice,.Gn:uJ[l' hillli_mlg or '~n~Se"ke, ''rm.inimg Pfog:f3,m.

ill' b'aining the tJcml!lefS in rice,

,ii, b'ail!li:ng of neld {lxlell,siQR ofnoe" on spceUic dee 'lQClmQh)gies.

,S pee irk: eb jee t w ves of t~ e "Train Uu: T,rai nllirS, Prog,IWlml,es" a))e as Ifo~~ol!Ws:;

II the U'aimlers, siIlJcllIIDd be to able deSicrlbeand ell;p[a:in the di:rllci\CII'l8~WiI!h! stag,C:S 'of rice and mm:Jagemc~t ,mcl1ces [0 be fonowed 00 ,get h~,gh yi,etds.

iii me: 'Inlincrs s!I'i,oulld be able 'lIO i,d(:~ti:fyfTtC:ld :pmhl,em;s of noe. p~UO~IlI!1l, 'the :poss~b!le 'Ci1iUiSaJ, 3tgcnts and how to solve, those ]ml,!)Jcms;,

.. l!lIe b'ainers should be a.ble, t(l!idefllli.fy !he ri:ce ,gil'Qwing ,envwollme-J1:lS" (phy.s,jc-al and biologtcail. cJlIvi.ro:nmen'lS) and [beir~!'InlieIlJOeon ri'oop:rodtlclliml..

., 'me, 'ni:rn!e~s sholl~!d 00 ~b'liC IlQr<1!w!e, a ~ro, of rice (0' ge~ high yield-s.u!s1} ~~~pmCl!l'l. needed W ~r-ow rice. mild mainUUmi them.

• liIellaiiner-s ,SIlOlllld be ~b~e: re !p:ractke !PM in rice,

., tJ]c '!:miners: ,ShOd~cJ Irle :alde 110 ,cilcul!aJtc eOS!! 0 r IIlmd~clion ~n rice., ~d ,e"!l:alu3le ,cosl'!b'mef~t '0 f d~:frc~mrioc ~ethil'lo]QI.s;ie--s.

• the ttaiiilelS sho~i1ld be ~b~e ~(l pliJID iWdI e)iectllteario~ c:x:liell!sion pJ'ogi!'aJllI:me Jior wlilich Ule l:i'alil~ers 'Would ltl:eollliP'oiScd I~O ,c.omrnul1ImcaUog;'! and 'ex tensicn meill,odo1og;ies.

llhe L,Qlcat:ion of Training or 't1!:umilin AeS,QU!f'Ce Dev',eJI'opme-nt(IH RID) In the Or!g a,n i.zat.ion,all Structure ,of the, !NatJj.ona~ A.gflj,eu Itu r,al Res,ea.lic;h S"s,lem '(NIARS:)

T1~elie:aJiC: ~:i:x tcchm1ca~ dil vioS ions i,1ii ~\lDefiattme1lll or AS)I"icuhlllre, Sri Lalil_,k3i.Resc~b isone suchdli,vi,s:ioJii and Uli(:

U'aill1in,g lOf Sl,UJ, i .e., ~ll~ser\'i.ce as weU as p;re'·S{:rv~ce trdi II ill,g, :is undcftlklC!1 by '!he Tec'llIf!QllO,gy Tnrnsfcir mVlsion whicb al!so ccmaid~mu.es !be, Provincial O:nmcU Tmilling Cel1ters :md aoo:vllties.

Re,sQun:;es ,ava,jilab ref'DI' tr,aining'

Most of'thc "T~i1ini~s ()Irrfti~ers·· J1mg~es are OO!1!dj;!ClI.ed at, lh.ern'n-SU'\I' i~, T:ro!i.l'lii!'l:g,I:nstitlue (~sn) at Orurl'lIorllrwa. Pcradeni),Oil!wMcl1 serves as w~ National In-S'crvic:e l'taillil iin.! ,llIstirute.

Trn_j~ers! Four fun li:me In!~nhl,g ofriicc:r;s, an ,W'e UI.'I~versit)' Omdmues ~n .A.grtclld'llllre (D .Sec. Agllic..)I.

AJy:skBlII :r"ad]]Hc-s: 80 rcs~dcn'l tl'i!iinees, ,eM 'be 11!OUSed. !Food, k~~cbeTI,. di~,ing. and a:UfileUiitie:s Cor rcs,identi8l1 b'aini lI,g are 8ivmlable.

Twoac.res ofri'Oe - uaining fields air,e availablie .. Resem:ill.

StaJ~icm, riee fields ~ alsg used wbichl are ahoul1l2 ti I.o,met:er alway. TIi:rce ,c:lassrooms, a;nd a, [13il'ge ~l:Id;iroriU!m. for 200 sre :"tiVru]alli>le. AUA V e(ju~Dme~t Ilccd,ed.i:ru::Wu(lh'l g ,",'ideo, dc.-cks" "!,'ideo, ~ projCiCtOrs 'etc: .• are .av3iII'aliliJe:. Traciors, ,(;,prn~IiS and aU ,mbe:r :OeIo!Ii eq!!li,Pm'Cn't are a".a:i~abl~. A small mn:ary bas :re'ce:n'l booiks 0,0 fico for rClfero!i!!ce. Tillie D:e~W1mcnt or Agdcl:llltyl)~(DOA) 'cemU$l :mll,n'lLI"y is ll2 ik:i'IO:Gl!eter il.wall' .

Bu.dlgec. (1992): For [n-Service GM!'IOruWaJ m&!l!i':d~ng lUre Trrunililgs -- Rs.l(li3iOOO!-

In ~ddliLion to, '!he GafliMrtlwaJ.STf. tb~rc 3J1!l. olflile:r (1lS~OllaJ 1511. some are dti:rect1y. (lQnll'ioUed by DOA. Some life :mmaged by p-f\ovrunci~ru coumci ~lS (simHar U) states).

The d;ct,'tils ~c' gi,YCIll below:

Nil me O'ICitNil't~f

trallill~ Illilol' IR.",aIJlIlt!!!! Humbtir ,,"!!g:)h~;I!ln'!

Stailr hnd. Fllet!!i!uIU 'CIQle AI~~Qd"

(1;-11.1' 'IKlI_rtrI!mr) IfOIiirni. tloirl

BaMMJwa'l ot 80'
Mallii 11I1If!iJ;Lma~·" l! 2' 5Q
Anllll!l!akobpela~' .; :2 GO
AmI~lIi1i' :3 2' 40
IEl&mtlliJWll!a'" ,4 ii OIi)
IElflw:llilnl.tW~· • <I Q S(I
M~\!r(j,··
1KiIi'a.(llyilln,M·',
no.c:hch]lli 3 200
3 2011'
,4 11!l(i'
3 'tOO,
:2 '100
s '1:~ Con1roil\1<1 b:; 100;1\

Oonjn;llle(llil~ ,ptcvl!iiclar GoIIJlclll! MOl llpoBi'atodl'now

L,istiing and des;cifiiptlion of tr'a:ini'ngi a,cUvitres

I. Tl'9iEnEng of'~atnell'.S"

'Target <lUdience:s: ScCllool:s ofAgrkul u!r~ Lecturers aJld Subject Mauer Of:fireT's 'in Rlce,

Focl!IS is Oli :all .as,peets, of :KnQwled,ge Di!'!d Practice of Rto~ T~b!lQI'ogy.

Le.flgitih o:r1"·rni~ii.11I;g: Two, m.ml'1As res.ideoti:nc~1!I.s.:i\l"e of fjleld, WW:S,C'W •. Most 0:1' the: I1:'mnin:s is done a~, 'IS1'£" (Jian:DJQmw,a,.

Numbers U3:ined: U 9.8,8)1 30. No pew lralillJiog was IUHlh:!:Ulken.

b, P"~SeasQna)~ Trabd:t:igo:f'Fhil'd EX,t.eMWi)iD omc~,rs;.

Foc1!ls lis. 011 specific m,essag,es In lUte P:roduclion. :Lcngdl, of !mini:mg: 2-3 days fesid!!'!l!t.

Trainirlg done in aU m~Servke Ttai:niing Centers.

c. Spe~ta:l R'I,ee 'P:r,odlilcUon.

ln~serv~oe tfruif'liillg pro,grru:nmes for Re:ld Mt:e:n'S~O:n o:rn~

d.. l!l!,dlu~U'ill[Q 'TFa;I~: rol' .N'e:wR~rlillli~. 2-'3 dlillYs dtil:fiiJti,ollgetie-TIlJl:y CondllCLOOJ all ~S':n" 'Gartnomwa.

1,sl Quarter 2Ind QIJa:rmr Sird OUari.EU 41tt1CmJIlm

good Pedi:Iy p~octy.¢~OI'\ fUoo Yellll'Wirmg

lob1

Co$t per millnday wllfi'looil slafi satartes. Rs. _ ~90/Cosi. por f1fIBlf'I~ Im::LVdllig slaH' s,aiQl'1eli5 FI~h ~5f.

Cclll,abot:Blio:n,witn or Involvemlentof ,othe:r NA:R~S or'IIA.RCS

R'e'Se31Ch offioef:S serve as 11!l1tiJIlci:lilig loffiC'er-sl'[~wrce pemo:n!S ~s~cia:ll:lI' dluring me COtidUlCl of I.!Tmi:!lJiDg 'of Trainers" pmgmmm;e8i,G Rice.WJlJef.leVllir' negd.cd lh.erese.tlJ)cb 'Oft1oelfS, ,ar tJileRese~cillt Dhr1.skm serve 2S 11, I:mlio~f!g ,officers,

TII'I,ining Pilan niingl

Every seasoO",!ln(l, !:he researc;h offioors and! 'l'!:;; 1t1lsion OIr.fireiS meetatU!e !Regi,ona'l 'tecl:nlicailWmikiog Group' (RT'NO), to Ii{w~ew season's extens!ion pm,llrallrnu~-s. R;l$eat'ch progJiimnilCS an.d jn-sefVitctmin~Rlg :programmec8.. Diu1nl:lg Uds working gmu:p mice liin,g, i~ ,pte-se38OO;a!I woo~dllDg needs ~mridenufie:d.

All the. fm,-$¢nlffice TraJ!IliIing, P,roS)I'aOOli.es. are· p1~ed on ~ tfui:ce molt'lIi, (quMil:er) basis, :ood:rner ev'ery qlll,m:(er 8 fieJlr:iew of all i;IiI··senl'ioe lnining ~ dione:, Dilliliing ~ese tm.ini.fI,g (lOOfdi,!:1Ilulf!!l,m~Ungs. tca~ni"g of '!miners, and 'other lTailililiilg needs a;eid.en:lified!, A~~ ,officers in cllw-ge o{'[rainililg in:!lti:mLes It:I:ke lflW1m tb,is mv'icw,. nlii;~ extension SilliJle fVlsOlCl'lare CQIiISll,lted on lbek views ,of Lrnifli!ng needs,

The, ~a.rners, ill aU In~Service Trainiog Insti:tu![esusc mRI fe~Otirre nUlleil1:iails MweJl as Sri, L3iDikim 'tecihnical, ma~fiaJS. Tbe rochnoguide boo:klelS. "jdros. C:I.C. areprQdl!ccd by a ooPlllliuee consh;(illlg of Research, Officer.s. EXICU$ioRi OmCenl, ,lmd TrrullefS.

Type ,of ttmn'i:ng methods are 'OOCbl!ogULidie book:le:ts,

slkks" vrudCO'S. :fll.rup' charts lliaa!fJ;dOUUi ete, .

M:aj1olli P',r,otd:emls a.nd Cons:~lialr:lts

In the ~It most of Ilhelrni:~i!lg ,~m.oefs~hrcd Inj:n.i:n,g !ilL 'rnru: and, ether sim i lar eenues, As suclll. me ~lleJ'S were f)e:Ue-f ,equippedlO train the e:);lerlSiQD sWf. FIowC'V'erdlllrin.g Ilbe ~Mt decade '!he Ilililimber 'of . 10m received by Sri. Lankans Ltas been ne,glig,ible and 'Inlining staff Me f10t fuDy eqlJ~pped"

1L.'i'miited budglela,ry :plli'Ovi:sh:m by go:vernment ,and needed ,cfril:anges, in ttiletraJnifll:g plro!gr,am me,s ID''III'er the next ,5 'year,s;,

'The tmmers sbo,11I1d, be able to' ulllde:f'StaJ;Jd the JlieasoniS 11'01' ,rice, yield stag~;ationil'i me dif!ierell'lt rice-growing 'tm'V'i;OOililDl£!ll!its, an.d bow' to lnerease yields onder s~,ific;' fimvi:rQnmenw condilim:is, and means of redl!!lC:iflg ,coots, 'of production IUld, managing doe-based. :resoun;es Olil a sustaiinabLebas.i.

D'iscussilon of Sri Lanka IP'resent,aUo:nl

Sbliglh~ What. Is '!he 1P~"SieasO!l 'U'Biimt.ing l'Or your slam V'rlr""~:ii!lIgh~: me S a 2-4 da,y ~ilrod,lIctioo~related skills naming.

The~:i:rnd O:f eeuese d.c::pends on 'w~idl. crop Is LO be ~limilied.

Wili'.n~il1lghe (to M!2iID(U1Y): JRR1: li"aJ;niog ofOlJlrsWI has been ... ery ~sef:u~bIltcuff:entJIy we are g,1've:lThfew SiOUi. Most. of the IRRI alIumni li:l:a'l'le, eimer-retired or gmdl!atedoodnew Il¢rsQntilli:lt aeed ~o be !rained.

Trainlnq and Development

ot .A.!g'riicu!lt:u ral Researc'h Scientists

in the Department ot Aqrlculture, Thailand

~He.a(lof: Personnel Development. [Jepattrne.nt of .AfJrlcutture, Thailalld

Tbi1lj~DIti!'!:sDepllftmem of Agrtc11l1!:~:re hM ~esptfosibi.l:il.yfQr reseaarc!il. m:IId dc,V1eh:ap'lIlu:[ltacti.vi.ll.e,s gin pri(JIi;i~y tvlm:mo diiLies: rice, OOCClJiH.U:, [cocoa. ve;gi(.;ta.bl~s,. fruUs. ~.-i(!!;!lb!ber!Uld sericu](ure. De fC:l>c:w1ch alCcUVlUes ~e ~ased 0[[1 ag:nicl!ll~l!B:ra1 ellgil]joori~18> ~~oH:dmo~ogy. fooc:l u:d1JlO logy. fRml;i~8syswm8,. and areas wim .Iil(!\ob~~!~l sotls, ]l aJiSiO !em])!b$i~s! the uansf~r 0([ ~(l:c.h[lo~ogyin a£lIkililhure H) [e'.l;;!lellsiC!llIpe(srOO¥n.c].. subjecl.~ ma~leJ'-speehllists ~d Il.J]e· p~blh::,

The Diepa:l1imelill. wasreofganized m. 1972 bym.erg m.g ~~ (JonWU:lf De.~.e!lt of Agrioultu.rea;nd R:h~e De~iIn'ilIlTlel!l;l ~.o!llf:llbe'f. 'fO ~af>u!coess:fll.ll roseatel:l O:rgMi~tio!'!. me m~flgcmen~.!@nn.uniilill reSOIJl[-cesiS one of n:nemlost s.igl.i:rkani. oom~o!'le'~ts I.Ul,!Q:!lglhc:pri()1r.ilyi5s!IJes and [I!~e!ds, De DepMltmem. (If .AgrilcU~llJre ,admiwis![rOMe.!l ~L<g OQ;g~i~tio!:! lhroilgh, S! mM~geme~!t cmmlpo[!cnlS'

Adm~lliSlnluO~l

.R.escillcbruldDevelopmel:lt Agrkulul.rnJ:Re;g;lIJla~my Agric,t!lu~r,j Se:rv·i.oes

.~ 'f:ro.w sfet !oil' Technology DC:\le~o~melJil >\\If rur.:<li Adv:ifiOry Servioes

PI.an~l,'lm[)Qg.guj()Jil and Mu:i'tiip,]icauon

Tile De;panmcf! t. of A.g~icul(1)!r~ ~$. (Ii \'~ded. in~o! 12 d~s.ci~pli~ary-:based di'l1is~Q[[IS Md [0 (xn:nU:l!iodii~J~bimlsed i[lS'~Hue-s. 'fheDir.ec:wr GC'llera:] U'Sig~s :3 O~ptuyD.imr;:tQrr O~nerab ~Q Q\!'erse? the [)elP~.em~ (s~ Annex l)

Obljec:Uvles oflhe TiI':aiiml jiF!l[Q IP'rograml

Acco:rding 10 Ithe: Na~iona] Soc~!a] aooEco[lorn~cs De,'i,!elopme~t ViM!, me de\le]~~I!l1~nt of gO'vemm,cnt @fficials (resean::h! s.cie:rIl:iS!ts) is a!imed<ltdeve;lO[)~!'Ig a!fi'dim~ri)vil]g l.helaiLowl~ds·e:. s:~ms,. ~"(:I amu'!clies 3[l(p!!'opiriale to cb.:angein lhe; actl vltles of the oifg~f1~"~ti,on. ~e ahU]tyto imp.roy,eprobt~m-oohd:ng capaliilides, mad I!lU~ ab~rn~tf 10 perform. ['C$.ean::h activiities ~signcd wilffil. hlg!h tecI:II'IQ]Q~y.

Ur.d.ermis sC"enooo.me Tl:lai ~an[JI .lDe.p3mitmIle[l~ of A,gr.k11J hUlie ws !col]oe:meCiabo'lJlt b~~ !~lUpbsis; lh.1;l imfli.~liliQf!bei:!1g d:!~l~~t!g is! I lcmg-mrm inve.lmmenl in h1!m1:iID [~SLI1JlfOOS. '[1I'a]iIli:n! m~m:HaJ"'uJ]:d ypg~d'es :stiUs end a!bi,liIJIllS. of :agriCll]~Uwa] research f>·c[e;n~jslS and CaJiI mcre~e mouva:tlQJni by im;~iin.ll! (heir ~nse or(:~i!ln~l Trnlnil!'!g cruli el'u::o~;e researChers. II) d!evelop an~II&'li new ski1.1:!i~ ill is also! l8i.PQ!wcc[(ull.iOOllorewJn: prOOl:lcln:lvillies.:and oommJlberd.

'fhe Dep~[!~ or Ag!icl:JlbL~ l!leoogrtizes. il!!liait uaililirn,g progmms ~e, Ibe;primmy s,re.p Ito ,[Q'vWle, newa.griQ~l~'!lI!!'a:I rese~ sc:i~ti~u wiU~ id~as !~f WQ!'t ~~peC~lio!l!s! rul.d ways. lO use lI:le;i:rsk iUs~u. 'WOl'kifi order Ill~n.lhey beililievelb.ey bave an intcre,stil,g job.. Tbis :increases, j[o!l;i Si!:li$r~c[kln!l,[ld di~llgjtis.racllh)!'I!. t~~.o'Ver. :and!orabsen~e~iii~ win be !II'Ii~:ilml~d, Tr.aiu][Iil. P[{lg[~S am :needc:d to ,cro:p[hl~ii7:.e bow toadju:s:t to new envim'l'm'lents"peoiP,le,surIDumUogs, n(l apPlQllti:a:OO b~b:ll:v]or.. AU !~:(.lSe, :are c()~cem~d wiwa. :!II11::"woomets' d!e,velopmerl.t~

1irial~n in[SI AeUvmes

1~~C~t!1[i1i! nita! ~tl. @~

Group! .A!!!~t~IlIC.~

II.. H(:rW ~(I 5 ~ar,itii~i!n1g OOA AI (JfItiU IIIJ IiaI 5(a
®ywr !'iili;'Il! IIUi rMMidI
tB~ 1ImWr.&~ ~11.1t;m
io';IO~k 01 ~e~~l! IPC:3-5
'I'.'DiI! ~ty
i=xgp<!'!ll~
o! !§E!~&
!s:o:p.aiilanCQI!i
2. W~[ml!l G F'1!!lI~~ 100A A~!lyr;ll ~
Je.P'Or1S O!'l aIQ·.al:l:I~!lo ms~
YQ'u~ rosO=~1 ·writo IlJ'I sclQn~~ w,I1IQ
lor lpi'Qi:tiOIilOn 1fi1~FeSfil'l,g ~ wi1le·
Je&~ru'~M[ ~aI\::i1ll
~()!{I JrePOOl!9: :jor
comat,i 1lfG1'IlIO~lon
3. 'Wn1!~ s p"r;lfC~n~ OOA ~~~iJr.u SCi[
f!858<if!i;h am aI:Illl·to i'Oso;tl·em[
""'~rJ;:'for t;no!l~ !he, w~ii!k ~!ef!~~$
p Llt:!IcQl iD rrI i!1'Ic1~lrrolRg 1N~h<a! lee£!ll
;pgl!i1l!l:{)llh8!i' '" ~e,;'iJi$wOOl!;
PiJtlIiCi:IlioJrl I»i;pC!l@IlIW I.ig~!O!!! T'ar>Q),1 IN@. o~

G~oup, ,A:!ildJflnc~llI

.". MOI!I~IIIiI!l! '1

~'"

,~l.Il'tm

s, IE~," 0I:i1il',_ poiiI~!!I..~

5. MtiMI'Is- 19'

'!@ro~,I~l!Ir H~

~i:allli'S ,~~,

7. AOOl!l!!~ G

1r.11iIonl'gor Umi!n!sti!al~tm

II. 1Iii!iamlli!itililln~ 2 ,!!f,!d!JumM, ~T:fiUOiiiS

Tha~,ate' lorewrllo all!"'mi~ I!itQlI''illTli1lmilj

!'!lOfe ~rt~!i! ~gr~i'I!I~!)I!K; lo'un~:anQ'

PMl!!:PMI~, ~~J1?!aOOJ tl\io'l)9m&.ral eo~laI' ,i'I1!fIDn!DrI~1

To ,afiCO~13oe' P~lMtsiO !)~$e:ii!0iJ~ <ir)ol!!l Ol'lsmatier

TiliJOO! gml(p 00Ji"

alliable 10!J:l;!l' ~ab~!l<ima. !e~~m!SiS!Dns;"

~(limi'I Qr {II .lI!lItCf' 'COrn'Qdt,f

Lot '1IrL~ ha;~"(1 fJl!e! ,op,p4!i_r!"'~ ~j). prOl!d~!ffli!j~i'ig

Palllrc~lli:1 ,~ra~M ami expmlllnco

P,:lJII~:m'ts OOA

~O!I!I"ln~J)i' ~1Il.iIi'nWr<l1ion

am'" 1K!W~~ry Il.l:work. ..

E~~ IIil!II:! t!:IlpOF,lBl'oQIl,

Th~~ B!1! ([!;",!t;Ie1! ~1il!gJ'Ci~~~ :"Y~g!~<!1e wo!k 1P:f(i~!BifiS ,01' :OOA, ,~ Ihfl tp;rcb,'Illms ,an!1lIH'~~' ttl, '~~ ~a§en; G~ OOA.

Pllrl_lc~nlS !~

,~~:aiI'CIi

'tho proooss ,!liIi!"'~ne~

oo;noop'l o~ ,gdJin!li'!l$t!!al[o[l

F'\rlWiC~ 1[l0$!,

!!nfi~~~ OO.iiU::>IIpl.

~ocnn!qwo on, !ha,.

~JO'lIlt19 ~8nGI!'

10. ml'o 'plti!!,'lllfidi ~an~~rotons

~ 'l'!\IiICI,~e' .-rel!!ty Ilmfa~1i1l!dl

~!!CtQrs ,or ,60

~I$:IO~"

I);l:l'iltr~

~l:Ile-s

l1IQ{1dol 'iWwrulGn,s, '~aiieh, rcsoaKh 'gJ~~~

:If!&alllol ~~~I

1~~fijj~1 '~15

wtri,(!i~l!! wlt~IEngll:S!I ICo;r~

'poQl'lQamoo

OIl>edQI'S 9

.~. cenuo$!>, runtQns

:[l~~ ,~_s!Mls

Hea&al ~.u1ii'~n~

TIi~i,!jtlt! IPC'G-7 ~!!r!I!lWollfil !ffIait:a.g~~ml.

p·~ffiOnne~ SCI

r;o,\i!hPC~7 '~:qloo)l)d

~'!:!I!i ,ooJ'il!lfdlS1Jr.lLms

Optlli Igt ~o

d1!'0S8!ffilO

B10 1i'iI~f,aSt:Eld

!.~!llh'l!1l"hrge'l tflo. lOr

l'i~LI',p Pi~J.ooe$

1!?a:n;klllati!:S DOA

'!;!~rst!ilnd

IJI& istrahlmt'

o. 1e~!1Sh1p",

~!M. or lBadlil1:"

il'iQoW 10 ,~a!:

WQri! ~~ pt1Iv~e' IUf!!

~_~I ,50

'h!illln' PC ,5-7'

11Q" :S~~~ <I, ApU~Uf'll'

Ij;I~:iiMitll~f:IiJ 1U11iIliiI1'9I:u.d 11:16 Q(I!:i~I~~i!~ as,l:turdeiIle,lror Ihet:rM~!1Ircll

Rese~~I'$~ IIlCrQ to~OlIn:1~d ~i:!I'Olt~ O"",tro~~i!!lletc.

p~ ~ilIti'JlII}!'IQl IlIOmw ,~9iS, e:-~anQ!ii~. e.'I1)erie;nco.

Reso'urCie,$! Aval~~ a:b~e f,orl'lI':aiiinin 9

Eacb m;sLitnllre ~Si~ocated in B<mg,k:o.kirn,tID di\l:iidJedill1J1t! 3 :>Ilb~ divi:rj]oms:

.,adtmmisrnlliive; slllb"d~viis;ioQJ

• :mo[l~toring and ,e,vaitlJ!aJt:ion ,5;I!IJb"dii:yt~iQn !II 'trm'!li:ng s~b~di'\l'i$;iQ!:I

l'~llh-.in:E!: fitiilb·di:vfs:i~ of ,ervel\Y I!]sti:llll:Le e:D],pbasille l:echllo~o,gy Imnsf;e[ .• I':tle ~ge~ gIDll!p.s.mclude frumers, s'll~jeCII: lmI;aUer speci~i,s:ts" ..md e~lOOIlis;i,()n w.od<l;l'S. 'llOMl'i!,eil" I~ing, slllj~djvjsi:crIflS of mlr.[i'hnes mi\glu des;ignl 3. uaini:ng ,course for pe:rsfm_11i.eW of the spedifl,c ihsti~~'reo!l].¥ . 'Ibe:ru.oe R.esearoliJ, IDml$titu~e ~s re5l1'QJllSiihle fO{rf'CSe~b ,apd dCVie~opment.'G~ d~e:. :b:J;eed]flS. e~c:" These re!leawcb ac,'llv:il:ies W'eCi3!rfiM ollltb'cmgb 6rioc,l1cs.eareh ,ce:!Wlie.S Md 17rJoe, ,~paru::!'H~I!'!:~f S<tltio~ located in m:Myp'roviitl.ee,s thr{lIl1tlMUlt 'fl!aiili.amlHowev'e!!" the:

R~ce R.'eseawcb m~!SlIinji!e Htigbtw,aHLlo de!,!ielop it!; reserut':be~!i;' s'kmliiin 'taking g~lp~CtWle-s ofJ~eaocIDl'work fQ!if:l~Otltl.o:JIt., n.eml.IIl,eTrnini~gS~lb·Dli,"is:io'n of the RioeReserucl:i lniS~u:ue O:l'glml:l';~ il1l,'S· kind of~n~ng O@Ill~OO (Of fioe re&~:e[S o:rnil,y.,

p~~[ll1ie~:Developmeiil~SulI>-:DiMsiOIli\'lfuU'Y.~po:nsi!Me fJOf HI!l:m;m Res@orce DeveilopDllientoif ,~~ depanm:e.w:t, De: w:!aJ, ~Olllflt, of ~ol!'!nd cU!I"re'l!lUy 183:3'1:5 M, fih!owll i:n, A:n:fie:Ji. 2. Of aID~ tbelS> l'e-8e-a:rc!DI ~[IS:~:I:i.ues" eacbinrit:ii~lIIle imClu:des atr:afu[lm~SI!Ib·divi:s~o[n.Dislri,but:kml by imlstIDl~~~ ~d div,i:slOI].,ofl:talliliifll!,g ~f's(fMe;l.~s·b·~ed.o[l·'fecb:lilIoIDo,gyl'~f~1i ad HruHml:.1m Rescm.lioe:'De"'Q;I.o:pmlem~ :a.clivitme;s;. De JlIIl1m,bc~'o€ lr.lU:!iiring eeerses p~~;n@d. fQr 199~, ~s~~~ns;b(l,';l,

The: Rice:Rese~h Illstiu.ue w.inhold 23 CQijil'S(lS on (Ochm.'l~o,gy traJnsJer and lco,urse olil. buman resoaree (Jeyellopme~~t. Perso!llw,ci D.:;v(l,L{)pm,ef1~, SlUb·l)j'ii'isiolfl pl~s ~o ,covn<!:ti!:ct 12 cou.rse:.\i Oin tll;)man re·souwe deve10pnem and 2: !:o'uJSeS On le¢lu!'!io]O.8y~!!.S:fer. nle di~~blltiotl 0:1' I;(aij~i~g pcuSQulllcl mlru .Anlle'x. 3wi:U roo resPQl1sibl.e for~.~4 Cl;IilJrs{lS 'of liCC])[Jology 'nr.msferruu142I:11li.~.i'~g C()rll!ffieSiOfl JU,!lmMrestn~fC\l dClJ,lci.opmc'llil.in! 199'4.

Arnti:lOll:gl~thefe are 24 rescaroil eemers with bllUdiflgS :and fad~~tille:s all ove:, TIl<lilimd"lhe:y art: netwell ,eqIII ipped :~or ,e:[wec:live Ilr'ain~tlg. even ~f! th~ DeplU'tm:el]lt of l\:griJcyhure l!il [l\iIffiIg~.ok. 'l1neNationaJ Ag'riaelLl]tl:i1fWlleseru:cliiJPooJecj['(N AlP), DCl:ltficJ.fle Ge\SeHschafl. :ruer T:ectds:cheZusrun~:e;~uvoo[~ (01"""4. wndFI\iO ~l3!~Sl,]ppo:ntedlJne De:paItIlWfI!l:(lJA:gr,i.cull[ure in these marte~s ~. btu, .flndinga sllit.'lJl}Jep~a,e willifliIJ~Ho· vi&~a] ~pa1hilities and rl!l!d]illi!M;~o ,co:ndlllct nr.tini rig is, ,orten dimcu]ll.

Tir:aliin in 9 1l'I!~,at1lin~ ngs nd Trra.iiln i n'g' INee diS!

G.tU'lcring ~!1:f:('l!li!ll~ti~~ OJI1 lnIIin~l'IgrequitrerneTl;ts (Wining ~ee[ls <LlIlaly:sis) enables a mllni~g ~Iuaflag~ ~o desig~ a 'wi!l1i~g f;lruV!Wli<;y. Atn. e:ffectii'!ilc trill ni:l1lg ,ol.ity w iU m.~el1J'e l:I'a,in~n£ pm'gil'm.' S ,obj:e:eti ves fOlf d~lve~Qp:rn;etrll~, 'lJf pcrs(mrael of an [jirgalil,iz;uiafl, Cll~af" ~J,~rwtfl!1ltd D~v.eLQP!l1J(;lnt S ub-Divi:siQJn ~hl~ r oUrcsp@i1sibiHly to miilJil,f1!l,e lie a:bovemernio£led ~cli vHle..~. Thcrefolr·e di.r0C'[~iI"Sof iieS:C3~ ceures, tlead:S of Imtin inll 8,tlb·divisio!ll$i:!,l~d these who deal wi:llu, train.i;lIg are i:llIvi ned 1~) w{liiksl~QPs (J~"l)'C(~Oflfle] De<'!I'elQPim!ent P'lan"'. Bleb ddeg3:~cb.rillgs info~<I!lkm Oil, tlicb::a:inlng r,equlremenrs of bislhcr ]J'C(-SOin~e]. [UfOrrrl;]lIOfl ]sgnl:he;rod,and g:l'Q~I~(] ;K1COxdif!,g U) gf~t!p:s of manp;owe:JF.

.,Arln~il1!]~nlQ_rs

.' Gener.;lJl MMl;lIge.s • Resclil!J"Chcrs,

., l'echno:.IQ&Y T1C<lIlfll8tierPersof.lflel

Trnining reqll~oomc:nts Me a:n!l]y~d ~dpr~igri.ti.?Jed to se'l U".a.l~.in:ll policy ~nd orgnnlzelra:i:n'ilflg activi lies, Micu:li~oring rund evruuiI[]o:n Me dOr!ero dc:!.e:rmin(; if l[]Ie W!intngs serve,l[he (ler~~nm!llnt':s policy ,on manpower deve~opmem. Tbis woa:bbop is o:rll<rn;iz.e~ before; IDe begi~~~.il),g. {If e'~dl .fi sc~! y~01:~. S~Uhlg ~~Qr',ily of :uaiuing neeCJs leads to eff.eC'liv~ ua]ning pl~nn]~:s, f():~ [tIle year,

Constlrai Ills: (lif the 'lli'ai n~ng Plroglram

Ag~:i~fl.!.l hiiraJ: ~~~:l!!OCh sdc:n:lisH; developm:CfI'[ PifOllt;:n;miu tl'!~ Dcp.mlJne~I~, ot' Agrfuc!.!IIMiJl~ need s mom ,empiI!JastSOIru IDe&e irnpO!l'llIlUill ,~IClliLeJ:n!:S wbiclfl are COJi~ttaiW!ILS lO LhClfru.~ing progrrufi:

Q,Hkials respoflsib~iC :~O{ training arc scaRe~e~ hi trai,ning, 81l]b~ di \I igioo of illsti tuteos. OlrnC~S, NIt! di viS~~r1sres!Jll.i I1giniad;: ·of close c--oopem~.icm..

It is diffi~h to find d0l10rslO t~d htlm.an r;eJ$OUfCe, dc:vcrnQP:!ml!ent 'mtiniJrlg. Guvemm.eflt budge~l is ~ w.a.ys limited.

• m,il~agem,ct!1!: ,·,Aocotding ro s~o~1JIrecr trai:!liifl:g Ofl!l a~i ~adgn.s, the re e xJ MS, dupl i,Ca:li<m Oir dimlY.

• IDachiogs Some a;ct:lviti~ OO$~ ~ess,lf ewe own. ~.e maclliloe.8 :i,nstea(i 0:.1' ;~y fOf $enr~c-es.

• mMecna:i s &, ~ 'f-eelilfiolo,gycllan,g;es:. liluS, ~1!,I[l:pI:iesHlalieria1s are cli!mlledallso.DQ we l~aveeilil.(Jilllgb I:ill:ds.ie~?

II!!i [llim~ - Tra~t'!iDg feqlu.h"',esl,o~S-le:rlJl'l,

p~an]lbilg &: res~ll:S il~lo~g·mm71 iI'lVie8bJ;ll'lt ~Gr bWIl2l!rlresou:roe :dIeveliClpment

• ~m;:$~ge Illro.rm~t~{lfl a!botll rn~~fh~ ItQb~ ),I~'·w·d~W,. II'! f'Ormal!ior:'! ClenU\e'~

., ~le:lih.od Hig~B. te'Cb!.'l@togy.iSllQ!!!.ld be Y~di:!'! nail!li'ng. em (~echrlo~{Igy) tI'llJililiililg o,rAce rs tnI1akie U~~!l1IS.e I:ve:s ~ e h'~:fO:mled amI tlI~, thmH!3nd be :l]:exihle?

Eq!l~plPed u-aini.ng ~l)Qm:is necessary fN effCCLi ve {bllllkllil1l.g} !:I1rl.~ing.

• oui.lSO!1 (]oc·<Iti.Orl)

1'rainill"1l~8 Pr:Olgram ln the Next 5'''{'ifilIIl"S.

The dlMfle:~ of commlllliiiCil,t1ovabet'WClen 'rop·I~",e:1 e~ecl1!tive-.s and~le PcrsolWcl.DeVleklp.ml'ln:lSV:h,mv.i:sicm, ~sql:lJire ra:voQllle ~n tl!~ D!ep~e;~u of Agrh~ti]Wr,L;l+ n!.cya;g)ree I;h,l( trf;!~n~flg ji!';: a key way ~o .'Sup,poollllllille ,or-g:anlz,o;l[ioll'W eG!I.pmdi,L'l m::li\\'itiu.

'm'l:'I '1 99~ •. l:IleFamli~gSy~wmRle..~ ~ru:lliul!!e. a])pKl\il.1;d by Illte- Civil Ser:vk::e'Comm:issiulIL,. will hiilildl'~a\!'!'i,de sC::Q;pe of lI"esponsi.iliJi,lies (Anneix~). Theres.truc~lIJriing of Ili.e Fni!l:'lg System Ite®ea!!'db nijs,uI[!Ule rUn!lili~(!I a broader or,gani.zll.th:mal devclop:mem, There Moe :8 of(:i,ce;s of A:gwicul'[!l:.Irn1 R~semc~ and D!il:ve]opm.cm.iID: 8 :regb.lrls.This meal!'ls 'Uh3il the :pers()r.~.eI Q( the :8 ofl1cesmus;l. :have iligh, efl.1cienc:y win:i1 ina '-;lJ)omg workil'lg $ySUi:ID. mt ~s: .I)~ d!.!ty ,(If the, ~en:s'()!Il1l!c~ DL'.v~~QPI:l'l.cru. S1!lb~Diyis]oil1 to sefM'h, for Mli~i~8, needs onhe wge~.gool!.!p.s rn1d~ef\l'e :~em.,

'rile :sov~rnra(mtb~ a f1fftiamaill polky wll iell, bOIil ] imllit'l, lheil'liCr1CasL': ofpeJgOl'lin.e~ .af:!dm;;ci!1!ta~f!S and upgradc;s (l);iS:lI!Ilg e;mplo~e~' :skiUs and produ:~t:i"":il~y tljmoQS~. uainh'!g~. The DeJ*lflml::n~ of Agrniic~,lll.!:n;lisi,ll, Ull~ [uooe-ss o:fre.slrucitltm'illlg the :Qrg~ni z:a!tk.l'l. UIiL(J,er [!he reuftlcmri,f:!!l:. ~ecal!.!.reof wo~ldo~(].ffi() Trai:n.i.n,g SIJ]}.Uivi:sicms ~lldLhe .Perso~!'lel DC:\ld0.lJmlen~ Sub·Divisioil'!, hOipeifUUy, w~nb~l!!pgro.ded inlO a. (Iivis~cm.TIleM.pgm(kd dhdsi,t;I!lI wn~ be: sUlrfe(l byiMpr,eselitt 11:,f~il~~ngperSO:llIl.e~. SID there is 110 liIeed m'i]1cre,~· ~e~rsm:'ln:(;t

C'~I :pOsitiOins w:illbe,~jlls~ed ,(or m.orel]c,xi.biJi'ty .• n~tap~ graded division wIll be~p reduce dllJpLica,tlono:l'work1rndduly, amad sb:onell~il[le-s o:fCOlml.m:Widi.

Ho,eCuiUy., ~e ViO.rk:!i~op.sli!:ari!a;g ~dexd1;Mgeo[ideas wtd epiDlkrns wiUlead lOt eproved lIrailning dlUiriin8, ili,enext S y~"ne:re wiUoo, WC'hi!lQ!9gy e1lJCtum ge IW rice nj~d!!l.g aclivirniies·boffiaJl: natiomllii1ldifl:~er:Jjjatiionai :leVie]s.

SM'V.akil'iti:: WQt.3!ffl: the cri~eda.Y'OIl are o;lin$[(I!!iI':.iillg ill YOYf research propos.al?

V['abl"li1i~orawu!t,~ 'fbeSlearesllIg:gested by ~e .s'l1lbjeCl[millllc.1i expe:m. "I!:ai~i!~g ~!'iIee:d:s are ,~errermi:!1"etil (Iii! a. l,llI\o.rksbop.,

Sy.3im: Are there panicul,arrequi:n:nnen'[s from, g\Qv'emllll.~1Wt.ro ocmd1li.ct ili, tra$f1~l'Ig CQ1!!rs~?

VraikorniiIMnllWllllt: No. COllr s eso;fi(e~ed are bru;.eden staff ~nlng ne~ds.

Rao~ Do)!\oU bavea,pediOJlfnanCe evill:l!lalkm s,stem?

Wba:l are ~e, criteria f'Or evallUati!ofl~

VrakJilm,veivawut: 'DI,isissol:melll,i:n.g :re!.a.l!ed !ro. jp:mm@n:iorn. whiicb is a tl8k. ofllil()iUnerdiivis,i()!IiIJ. OW' ~:mg respo!llll~b~li~J b~e i~ WPIJ~p3!l:t mew. .(Ot me:

PI:'Oim,oUoIil w~icb ~llj)~~tW be in H~ willi Civil Se:rvtce. Copmjl:~S$i(lln ry~es. P!l'@mouOI).depe[ld~ primru:iI~Y 0.111 liei;llJdg;et eY~(J if the: POS:il~iOll, ilS avaih:ljb]~.

SJn.g.,~ How db you measU!re liliIee,ffl:ciency of a person assjg:JI!cd.1iO oemlloWks?

Vrakor'ilil'll~.mwut: I $1: in. [I0po~,ilkm ~o le;\iai:lJ)a:le. llI:i~ isl.be dury o:f.anI;lLhen:Uv~ton. P~lSQIWne[ de\i'~loprnl!l:!U Wools :for w~ po~nts ~o justi:fy ninill;g:, it. neWIi m~e~ d,e(lb;]ons.

OI~h;;l!3i of 1h:!lJ' InUlJf!udAydill:~ 9

Of~k:~ '~Iil1,~ ,Ag:rJcU'~!ul~,a:lllri')!::;pectD'r$

,FiiCQR:9sQllfcliillnsliru:M!EI

1(6 lRi!9sllaJoo Oofltor~ b

,&i. 1!l! :=:x"{lrirnoiilt ·S,t8itio~:M

I" j -(l

:~======:::::

I Mel!:! Oro;p Res.c. I'Fl$liltutf) la

~l ,~7i1=1lE1seiElil'cl1 Center'S&' iHb

:=::1::::;3::;:E::;::ql'I;I;:::::: a- ::::;!il::::;'-im::::;_e::::;f1::.l ~S;~t<i~~g~fI=.G'::::;} ;::If:

J

Hor~oultuJtI, RGs_ l!ils~l\Jm' -a It6 ~J9sea:roo CIlnklrs &. b 12 Expenfl'!enl S'W1JIoll1l~l' ' "I:

IFh.i:tl'ber Riil~e~ InsUtu~ a

(~Re$$Mitli Ciln,b~r & [1D

1 '* Expe11m:G<rllSt<!itjOlillS~ r::

S~Jic14!I~ Res, I n&l.nl,lle, I a

(11 Re~eoarclill Clmte~ &; -b

~4 E):lpElriment. SlaIions) -Q;

~

I

.._ :SOOice 01' A!Jl:cultural a

RQ~h &. D~VClOpmMl 10, I

i-Pc'I~nil1!l1 ,&_ r:ec!hl'lica.l DIMi~lon,

~ flec~l,Illmelilll& SlaffiJilg ~P.ersolilnl!1l R;cordi I-~war f'!OIliIInllllftlg L.Aarsolilne~ ID&\1eklp,meont

'''a _ AdminiS!lJafu.Q SLiD-DWiS'lOIil

b - Mmll;uiing ~ EvfJJYatioFl ,SI,J!).DliiJsion " '" T'r.!!1mJ1n.9S~!)'Divi~loR

I-- lBo~y II. W~ SdGflw IDM~ion

AgrlOlilluf:aJ ChM'!;I:>'t;y Di,v~~(Ji1

Flant P:athQ:IOQ1Y :& Mk:roDiology DM~oiill

EntNntllQg¥ 8: .~OO[~ :D;MsiOn

I

I--!

I

~I

IPI~ !PC II I I I
---- ~u' :~ Il ., 6 :S ,4 '3, iii: ~ T,.li R1Q8 RIlS~fCh Iiflslitu~f!

F~erd O!l:IP~ R~~<u,ctIlln,~tiMEi Hor~w1MlrOI' Fhill'5;D~f~ ~IliSIW'~ FLUbbsr Re~;u-~ In~Uw~ SeriwtwG, R&SeW'd'i ~\ri~IiMIiI OHil;Il'Qt ~""aJi~n tb~ ARD ames, o~ tMSecv~~ f!JlilIDC(;I IDMsAon

P,I'Mnlng 8. le<ih~icalIIDMsion A.'9rleulruraJll~,agIJ:ra.to.ry 'lll\i'o!isiOn 1~;r,S0!1M1 DMslon

IBolrut!y& W'aed SciElf'!~DMsitm Aigr~wlWrai Ohai!ni9!try [l'MsioJl A;gtiw~i:lrar Ilmgill90r~1ll9' Oiiol(iSillri

IPlimt IP~lJiIiolDgy 8;, MiCllO'B1o~ogy CMs~ ErU~m~r,cgy ,,~.' OMrilcf:!

Soil Salenoa, DMsroo,

Orrlioe' 'g~ 1M D:OA

7 45, 129 139 121 ,65, 29' 6 54G
1'0' oW, 1'08 129 117 ,iliS 1,0, :3 ./lii3i11
7 ~'11 73 00, '"l1 ,s,g 21 6 SN
'1 ,ag ~ no ea ,om 9 ~, 351
6: liEl 3:7 51 24 :22 8: 5 1176 I
:5 '19 :26 ,2e 38 UI 2' 1~
1 >6 Hi) 14 l2 4 2: 56
1 4, '10 'Hi 1:'{ :31 10 4 83
1 9 01 21 I 1$ ~5 3; 2: 00
3 110 53 sa <13, 23 4 3: 195
;1l '9 "I fl n 21 51
III 11: 1:9 8 I 'n 1 I S4
!:I' :n S2 1:2 10 .:I 11 99
,2 "I 3Q oW <IS, ~o IS e: 1:51
118 4'll 29 H3 H3 'J 127
114 40 37 18 2:2 ~o 2: 2: 1,45,
''i' 44 .ol3 17 :1!6 115; " ,2 149'
11 ,!lj 4 It ~ 1 1S
t;j429' I
4 726 :8Il)3 I 7m I 48 I S~1,5
971 n~ m~II:tlI~~~elDlvl~]on ,a!i.!a'~~f1eaUon

~Ice' ~e.geaJro'h, Il'nstilule 'Ou~fillieatiol!:l

Hele! Clro;pS :f1eseaJrdllnslitute CJJ.a!MlC'altflOl"I!

HofliCL:lIIUfS, Fliese;B~111It1i$mllI6 O!lm~l!Icanoi!'ll

R1!blber R»$l!!~It!h ~l1sUlliiil~' aJ.f:a!~f~£atlo!'l!

$elicu1rure F\esoorolMlimtilrullfl (lIiJaijlicalio:n,

~arming Sy:$~ems Research rn!$~lul'(l Oualiflcgtuorl

P,efSonfleIIDi~siol'il' a!iJa~iicB:tro~

'l 6 :5, '4 S
11 11 11 1 1 '1 '1'
8Sc SSe MiSe OS::: MSc B~; H. VC(l
1 :2 ~ 1 1
IIf:!Sc MSc sse IEiSe 191. yy.c
11 1: 1 II
BSt:l BSc esc
~ ~, 1 2
IElSe MiA MSc B~ t' 2 2:
MSc e:Sc SSc
1
1 II 1 II .~ 11
MIA MP,A Mil. MA Nondeqree Trainlnq ln the

R:ic'9 Hesearch lnstltute ot Thailand

Nqpporfn, S lIIpapo.i' and Sar,a,yolUth Phumiphon~

~ Head~ PJan~ Scieooe Section, R'fce ,S:needer and' COfJrsG' CoonJirudor Tha.i-,IRR'/ Rite Produc-li'on R~search Training Cl::Iw;se,

Parnum Thani Rlc-e Resea:rch Cents', Thanya.buri. Theu1and

2Hear$, Training Sectk:mam:J' cosee Organizer.

CUlrren~ EaatUis

Rice is c(msi,cller~d as the nt{lS,~ iim~o~'UI'~ ~rop 'Oflllajl!md beC<'iiJ!se 'Q[ IDe follQwing reascas; fa) rliceis grown r;):n Ulore lhiln.50 Derccclll[.o;flhe (arm.1:3i1:l,d; 'Ol it ~s lhem:ajor Sliibsisl'etlCe and cash crop 0:1' lbe m,~j'(lIilY of f3JDIcrs,; c) it, is~e s~le food Of Thai l'loop;Je; gd d) itis one' onne most imporwu sources 'of fOlle:ig:n ex!cbanlge.

fn Th~.Iaf.1d" 'the, Rice R!eseart:1I InSh'lillte 'CRRD bas res;po[lsibil.iLi'es for rice :re-.se-ard'l ~ncilIWlb":i~g. lbe InStitut.e" under tile Depa:_lUr!cnt of Agric:u IUJre CDOA). has m.alu ,objectives of iit'sln!.i.ninrg pmgrnm as .[oUows: a) lOCI tralill 'Oil ge~ncram a~pec,1S en produc:Hon rescart.b sl!;:iUs reilev:am fOif young, ~eseW"che~s, ,V:h@ wor:k i:m RR[; b) ~(l, transfer res~m:h recommendations or techw.J]o,gi.es diTeCU y to fanners eli ~o frurmc:;,;s lhroLl~.1l exte~~on agelll'S; and c) loprovide resources 1iIscd III tra~l'Iing courses cOfid'Ueted, by other i:nstit1!ll:ions.,

The RR[ bas, been conducting researeh and ~alinifig since die departme[l!t was reo:fga!lllu;c>diill 1983. At dulit ume 6 rice experirn(;nt stations Illlllder Idle RR1 weteulpgraded to R~ce Research Centees: PaUnnm l'ban:i, Pr3cbi.nb'l!lI'·i, PhilS.'1l1u'lok. Ttu:ae, Ubol R:aj:ad:lllRce andPaul:i.a~l1fig.

- The een len am lueated 'lJ:rrougtmut. tt!~ CO!U1U'y {Wd are ~es:pon$i,ble for' soh:i[lg, rice cWI.I.ti.;,r,alt:km, problems o~ f:~.e~ jill 3JL'~~ assig~ed to each renter. Anottlerre~polls'bdUYIs. 'l:l"aJlK~eiidl:lg, reseatcll reeomme 1Id.':It1onsuofannc'rn.

IAe's,Qu rC'E!S ava Uatdef,CH' tlrainiing

With du: ~Ilu:uljon [0 111 se we centers as Im::;alioll!j, of Inliin ing •. resesrehers a::ncJ scienlis'ts who wo',rx. iill rice science :heave been l:f'anSrerr~d '[Q statlons in rice rCSI(ilru;oD renters. A COnU'9C[ 'OO(WcJC:!i! lh~ D~cnt of ,Agr~cuUu~ rll~a~ (,f,Qvemmel'll) and t!mu::'Gol!J,I'C'mrne!l~of Allsi[Cai.i.a (madeaff[,cIf'nherror,ga:rnimtiOIl of UlC: dep.a.rlJm!enO al~owoo ill. f:I~nliber 0:1' ~O!JJ~lg scie[ltisi:S wbo, work in IiCcJlni,cal dhdsi,(m$, to. be ~ent 'to Univc'rsiti,es in AlIslr.;!1lia for i:lig:l'ier degree Lrni.[l,ing.. Afitr gradii:flitioll and return (0 Thailand,llIcy were postooi,n the riee research ,ce.'Dltcrs.

nowe'ver,. prior '10 :reorgan,imti.ofl of theDDA., man,),' sdeod ts who worked in dilffer,elU rice rese~tib areas we:m ttilincd ~!l the United Sl~ites. lRRl, Bri'!l!lin, HennimY. eLC •.

Tbose who oh:laiI~(ld M.8. and PlaD.. degrees bave lbeen 'Wp:rkil]\g :irl eit:h.er'le:Cbf.iwc:al d.i,vi~iOfaiS 'or~sec~ cel'llleil'S 01£ the 0011.. :~:n oond!.'l~i~ing; 'ltmlld:ns, OOUli1ecS. scientisilS wbo are cSl!~tabile ~ !:u:il.i:zed as rescereeperaeas, If me·te &Ie no~, appropri<llerosoli!fO(l: persons ,(J.,ll'w.lable for a ~cu:~ ~e3l; (Ile.)! ;;are in vi,lIed from e;illler priva:1.e sectors or umversmes,

Since 'I.b~dce researCh, cenle:rs were jniLeuted as "'Climes for tmining,. a dom~~~()ry. ~ec[W'e fOams, a Hb.r~r. a can~ce:ll ,and olherU3i!l!lflg I!qllli.pments were ,pmvh'led at cadi cefl~et.

Tlf,aininBI ,aclivifi,es In 1'99/2

T.l1!er'e ace ,4· dlv'!:sloifls in the R:i'ce EesearCh [nlldUite, ol'n!e of w~'ie'hl ~s rue Trn.irling Di',,_;is:io:n. 11ae, w;;lij,o.rre:;,porn.s:ib:iUty Oif Uu~ di,vi,s~on is ptarml.ng, ;:md or.P'I1~z.1.llg tUlJifSetj .conducted during ead:l, ye:ar. The proposed 'In!ining courses to be held one: yealr i:!l ad~ce are sllibmhted to the DOA tbrougb t1'ie RRJ forapprftYVlll. The detaHs indicailed, in dlcproposm include 'll1e tiUe; af the COUf$e,largel a,liIdiences. ,ClUlnU.iion, nurobe:r of 'I.rn:i!l,e~s. Wacatign. ,expenses, I!t.C.

In 1992.lbe i£ol.I.'owit'lg '!raining courses were ,eonduclecil: 'W" Rice )",arie'lW,i:m.pn)V,cmenl. Th~s 3·week eourse was ,colnducted at Pluae.UIbol Raj 3Jthmee: Pat.hs!UI,'u'[o:k: :lUd Pattlnil.~:mgRioe It.eseru:ch Cifl!:lWfS. 'rw.~'ty tmi[lees~r ,c:~ass iu[.endt'ld. Th~ CQ'Wfses were MrM,ged [(if reooru;cbe:B iUid a;ssiscrrnrese<lIDche:rs wortc:ing in ru'lcas of rim breeding; and cover-ed variousareas of c1IIhuue, 'lec.hl'liqtlc$ of screen~ng ~()r varlctal tnleranee OE reslstance io t.lis.eas.es, i~&.:c:IS" aCl\!\ersc CQI'I(Jiliol1s, as weH ,lIS llybridil.aUQI1 Illethods and evaluation ofpro,genk's.

- 2. Toclmiq lies ofri.ce seed mlillltIp~ic.!J!Uo:n (pr.odi:lCLiOiIl).

The duration of i!his course W,!ll!i 2. wce:ks. One dilLS" wa, COJII.c!lIlIOled each at PhraelioeResc!llI'Ch Ce'Il!teullnd a~ we RRm be::.wd~L1anm. AbolJ~ 20 ~ec:lfmh::i_s and! fe:!l~rerS who work 111; seed prodll.lcli.'oll sections from, li'iice re.sem11 cooters .aUe,nrled. It fo-clIsed on methods ~d Sl~ps QneeCl prodlJlcILiol'l" rechnlques of seed pudlkBitlon. and dry.iwgmCltil.od:S.

3. Rice grain qual it)" .ana1ys~s. This J -week C01LIHe was offered 1:0 30 recl'iliiicaJrcscm(:hc'ffl and ass:istruu,re.sea:rellers wbo 'wo!'kin seed Iabo!f3lodes" Thec()urse was beld IH ,P~.dtlJm TIum.i Rke,Research ecnllL'rmul covered mel:hodls ofpl:lysi,cal al'l() chemical ,grain qualhy ,analysis.

4. .lti~epr9CIDlJ:cJtiO\ll.trnJl:IilJlg C{)bl:rne" The,n;: was 1 cou[~ ,coil!ld1Jlc~ed. ,eadl at ~llhrulil]lg. Pbrae, UlbOl Rajiawrutee anti ~clhiml~!IDri, Rffict RC$e~b Cen(.e:;S. The, dll!['~U:iOll1 of ~a;cb 'CO,UfSe was 1 \Vleet. About,30 t.etilni:clMS nom weDep~eDt g:fAg;riC!lb(r~ Exteaskm .a,ucm;lOO e!!cb ~Q.1!!:!'W wbich covered var~Olllls 'lypes. ,ofriice CIm~U v<lil:i(Ul.rn:etb.o(]s ofv,u:ie'Li:!W bp~'l)v,e.m~ru;" p1~tpf'~:uelC!l.O:!m. ~driQelL;lChijoliogy tra!f)~fel".

5. MM. Nom l'o:m ~i.cec,wl[~ (p:reg:enn~liIaled seed broodeastil'l,g). Thi8~-w.ook,oollrsew.as, (I!"groli~ (lQ)fe~l.i::!l:skli~ lec!D1IIiiJc;iMls -MId famruClJl .~eadIJe['s liln the nOII'!JN::Bi."itC!m pan: 'of 1hail~!ll;d. FolIDfool.I!rses 'Were giv,en i:r~1~992 a;ll.l~()] R~j~thance RiooileseaJlcll Cel'l~ .. The cOlUSe fOCllif>led on steps ofplru1l:in,g rice by NliiiB.Num Tom m.etbrn:l.

6. Rite .~:roth'!!ctio[l rosea:rt:b !.I3in[rlS oolJ!rse~ This 2..;mol'lill" iWlllematiOtiai, I:J:aiinrns OOlJlliSe was oCOil1dll1Clied at Pa:!lWl!!l.'h;8nffi R;ioo~sea'!'d!. Cemer.Jt was QOSlPo]u'5(1~ed bi)' ~e DOAbd IDf.ffi.~. Der1':o were '17 uru:neesf:rom. 7 coullItries wJ1_oaJttci!ldioo 'lAc (lC'U'fSe: I~. ta'!l~~ia. M~d!a:e:.3!SC:.aJ!', Lacs, Viemam" 'cambodia,. m:Ji[l. Thorllamtru. In !:he oou.rsc,,:m.any sobjiec:!:S retating (Q rice.CMlllY~tiio1il, d,oe v.~eU!ll tm.pI)O~If;l~t priiOciprestati!l~cS, pbll_tn~!lOOOlCI~()n, wa:le;rarndl S{lnmIm3se~e'!1ll: were" ,cOlI'ered.

,. N~c~~leson'Resew:cb Of[)ec~~lerRfce wei FloocW PJiQneB(lQsysW01I. n~s 2:,.m.Q[I~ COllfS.e was: another trnem<"lltio'fllal eearse Icm:'JIJ~,c~ed!);t i'rOilichinblJ!fi .Woo ResellllfCl1I Cellll~er.lEte'\l'enl:ramees f:[i(Jm.~:nd.ia. Mail:<lgasCM.Nlgeri.a, Cam:bodia~d D:aii~::md :.m~ndOOl.n oO'!'le~dimpo:!!!,8;t s~bjOOts re1e.u.ng [.0' ~&earch in deepW3[tr rice alflldgrowil'l,ll (oDd] ti.oos s1IIcbias 'm:eJnbod:s o.f rice lu:eedi:llg, prodll:C~ioD bnp:rQV~mefllt.. wi;l~d.~.(li[l(I["I~d.pe.'!l~ :ma'ln.aJ.lem~~t.. gell~raID oCc~diti!QnS~D .l]Joodpr-one ecmysl~m., ,e~c. Th is cocrse was '*0 ,~os~:m!owed by tbe.DOA ~;nd [RRl

Maior Plr'O'li:Ih~lml$ 81mJidi Constr.a;nts oUlhe Tn.l,ill'llin'g' !Proglram

Stuti~.g from !l!be reorg~!niz~ti!olli Oifl).cDOA, 1ili~rn,osta]1 ~.i.~g lacilitiiesamld ,eq:!!!.i.p:lmI'(,)[lt 'were :p:ruY'idoofo[' ifluclb ~:ii'"l~Ses,. T.llere;fo:i!'C;, safar me;re ha.ve nm, been &lyseno1lls ,roblcms or OOllisl1a:i~lSi]]l oondw::ting nadoiQ ~ifltflg ProiS_JIl.. Ho,\Well'er. in It!I1e inl[f:malio!'lruL:rail'lirlg eoueses (lo!1ldlltl'C(l in 1'haihmd. som.e,p:ro1btem,s, e:tisled. the;y!Ui'~ as :fb:Uow:s!

,!il, Food· ~n.8,1II.ch ooll.!fse:s.l:nIlinees CQm ing from v~!'rkm~ ~m~ ()!fl.he wCII'I!~ eO\H di£(erent ki!1i;dls of [00dI .md ~twas a~'mcu]~, Wi satisfy ,everytio~:y~ how~veJ!. m~yvooetiesOJ§rood s1!l!ch.as (mnlhm) 'fib.aifQlJd. Western anc!l Chinese foods were pf'Qv~ded.

• Eng]isb Go'mmumicatio!i1I ~ There We:fi~, ~!Om:e

p'l'ob]e;ms il'l:Eng~~slru ,oommunic,aJt$o:n. (on bow ~idies)'·~ trWJ!le~s:aJ[!dl(lc~tlrers. Row,evu. ~n f~~lIJiie COU rse s.i,Dtp,[oveme~t cm~ be r,(l.al~:lied by em]:lbasi:z~ng 1lb:!l!lelJJgUmlang!llla:g;e scree:n!in,g be givelll to uoUtu::es, nmn:i:n®lK\dand byse1octi~:!l the mOSll.qooi.ified, E~;g,1is.b,·.speal::j~g[esomrepeorsoills.

.Aliilt~cipa~edamJ,d1 Nleedecll Chang'8s; In the Tr:aii n;n'gl pro!gram Over~lhe nei.xt5 "tears

.~h I:hemnio~ train~ng progrnm we donal ex.pect mlljof cbanges be~a:u!se So w liIissy:st.elml. bas cam~d Oil'! v>eIY well. HOWle'll'Cl:r. ~or I.h:c, l'h~.lR:ru o()I!~born:I.iV(l t1'ai!lin:g.~iro.l:lll<Wl. seme cb:mg,es rn. CiHlifse mmagJemen:l are need,~d. l'IRI w~u red1ilQc, assisumoo run some ~: :I'!;CYwe:ver, ~t wm oolilli.li'liu:e to ~einVtol vedi:n. ""ariolJ!> w.ays. W,e ~ w:ll$id~ri~gjoil!li~.g w~lb we m!'lioormu:ima~ TooJling Cenre:r,ruel.'lru1 Un]'!i'e:rs~~ "~!"! order to ](le.n!:iIy a:fIdm.ana.~L;l,k,gis;Li,cs fQf[l~Cipru:J~ oom[n,g ~o me< ool.lfse.Fi'!i!aUy. we: arc W~n]n.l!. ~OOOI1l/illlCi~ S:1!.Ich i:nle:maliQual U'.a.ining 'CQl;lrsCS because Wll> reaHZle dun oonlrib)'u!lol)! (lirkr!owl(!;d~e ~cm e~pe:tiie,niCe in rice proou:ctiliol'l is ~eede([ for deve]oping cCnlntry Sc;iGnlis'lS.

DisClUssi,on 'Olf RR~~ (fbaUancO Presenls,tion

Sl"am: YOllsar.id you tnw/e sib; ri,oe,r-es.e.u:cih, ce:n~rs. eaeh has H ,own troJifliOg C;Qurs«. bthiere any dlffere.l'!G1e iflllll.e~r n.in rng m,1lI:Id4nes?

$NlI:papoJi' W,e:Im~v,e the ca~ab.ili~y t\"), C!()Uidli.Jct traitl~tlS OOUlrse.s in eac;b or these~researcb centers ,F@r ~hCi IrI~e'mati,(Jnal Rice ProdL!a.crioll Re.'!lc<I!OCbCoa.a.r:se" P3ltlhum nlW111 was s~lecllOO acoofdLl'Ig to specific critea:ia. .iEx;cepl ["OJ PrllcbirlbL!a~i. the ortbers have ~~milarr malJ:d~u~s.

Matb~~: Fm- yom inmnna:UIOIlJ,we .1]00 haee ~derred. !nffile dc>epw.a~f rice 'O[ flood"Pf(l~M~)! nice research res~Q,ll$~bmuy <and hilling }t:o 'f1~ai[a:!'!(L

Ri,oe-ba,se,d' Nondeg!ree Group Tralnlnq ln Vletnam

Oll.llll'irenl :S,'lallus:

rOlf IIIlQre l:ban a d'ocadie ~~[!~e, me end of lIbe Vie~:ao:!! Waf. Viema:m:s ~;riculu.!m d!eve:klp[llJ(lililU did IHltmo've i1!iS fast as :il~pmein:tiamsJtteinllh :P[tlml!~edI.Duri~ll ttnl:lpe~ri04 the hldlividll!JJ f~eil" was not moogniz.ed ~y tl:m staref:mm.s, and coo,pemli:ve-s.~ultlB>e: Ico'ncef,t of me ~:ollecli'!le Cannel! was moQmp:rol,el:'!sibill~ IlOl VleU1iJam~e sod~ty" Tlw, R~o,llYlti,QiUl@f ~.e Sb:.tIj Na.uomal CQng[~ss (198.6) oJ!l1e VNCPmarked :W;J OOo~()m:i!Cm~lle-s:m![Je in Viemame!lehis(Df)'. n deviamcru from rille Scvi~~ S~ylN;iml. ma!n~giing[hlfl OOlJilltry' S eoonQmirc :lIctiv~ties. Sciemi:fi:c; and tflCi:ll:'lolo,gical a.cjUviti~s in I:bICco'im:try were :Il~M lQ ach~~ve l.1!.g~al ~ea:p fJorw~d :in footm (,lJ!OdIUC[i:Ofll ~n Il!iJe whO~e(()iunil:y. Tbe:m,ID1~lil;Hlflnhe S!cielrnOO:a!l]d ~~l:lno~,Q'gy sec~C)r run S1!]ppo.l1. o·f ~,e, OOUI[l~'sl:hr« II\lil~Q:r ec,mlomic p.rog;f2ImS ~~tdy. prodlucn.l~ O!frQod. oO[lSil:!mers'goM. 8!rI1(I exponable .commod~ue;S,.igto:

.~ deler:m.tl'le:mcil atpp]1~!piI'opfi:a.(e: ~eclr!!flIo]()A'l:l; ~o s1!I1rta!10lle Cl1!l!Iiiro1lllmlcl'lts wltbaJ.Jpliopria:I.eITIiim<llemCIU a:,Ptn:()aJc~s:

desl;1ll,ruapp!)oprruate: ,e.oonom]c polici!es ~o ensure ~lop]e'spanicipatiQn,inm:ak]ng Ile best. use of fe8oll:fCeS mamieve· m~~an@udc. Wg,~Ul· se1lforlh :by ~e Sb;:Jh Congress:

.~ d!e~elWllin!!'lsoda1, .facw[',s:!ha("cau!Se tI]l(leir-LlILiU·~tiQr.! of sdenlli~c m~])Owel. ~1l:fras;U't(aClI;IIlCS. and oock:~ '!,alP se~dces.

S~ci~~,~n~!1:g fo,r wg.eted g~lJps bad beenconductoi:! by il!beMilIllsltm'y of AgriicuU.mre:and F~l)d 1!1l:J~strit}s; lund other argriicl;lluu:aJ ~nsU[)]rnffio:n:s.lhliolJgho1!ll [l]e COLlf!ltzy •. Bcl1re 19S8, me~ Mmillll:y miH.IDe.~mec~~!S ~ffom· ~.onm lens QI11~'u;msan(ls of au;iM 1(1 :manage tJjH~, Sovie~':l.Y(Je agriclIIUlJital poodlil:CtiO~ grou,s WId i1grlc~ll!:i.!m1 cOQ~qlives, UlnrOlitlJllilLle~y these Cf:fOfts were, In v;arum OOG<lUSC of IC:leooUecl~v'i~ai~ior! ;otll!erthe P.b(,Y's Resohlati.o:!i! 10 tn 1988. F~mle[~leve;1 dGe·iI'el3i~ed

I Sw.e ClrnlWlii~fi(ln.(J(m :Sciicrnce a.mI1!lclmD.lg}lY R~,pDn ~Th~Mckg!1ll Oe!m s~~~~~ &1(!>¢h~.6~~.CY PI~a~nins: 'Colflrere~~ •. at Ho Chi. M~~h. CV~Y. ;S·l Od.mm 19S"J.

~i!l!g 'W'MaIDmo~t U~~I'U:y:wflillli lh~ ]TI,o.:til{lfli) .f~g~QiIl. 'of U~{l ,t10:ml1~,. H"avffi!g iderlti!r.edllhemail}boltlefieek'o.ra.g;r:iouliW~am pliOOucI:iOirnli:n.t}.e Meko~g Dena - lienee bowl of the C01Jl~~ ,_ ~e Ufl~veJSilY QfCaml~Q.~n~rod@n w~th the teJ!~viSiOrn1lo.r Ho Cb~ Miinb C~IY a1it~ Cirn!ho Ci!lY, rotli~lIDcnld lm,on-tt!e-01Iiif 11tlM:!lIi.~gse:de:.s, Oill, a.griICuhn;!~~l ~ma:iillly rice) p[1odl~cuom .for Mek,o:ng.Dch\ll. ~eclJrn.ic~im:s·<md rMimet's. latt:ge:ly ~fI o;Vposiilioifi ~o me 1:mi!1~ng di:rocuo!!l of the Mtwlstry "~t wrned Q~U that 'refls gil' dlol.lsand:s ()irporuili!t::a18dlJiJJ~l1iISI:r;3:lC1rs ail tile: piroivindal. di!)lrictmld ·v.i:Ua:g,e .leltelsb~!'!!efiUed l!lIe m.os~. (:rom l!:his 'allHb~,~ i[lt;dning.. Fn ~peffl.'l.i.on witbr prQVLllda'l sovemmel:!L'l,.meUniyerS:ir:ts mobiJe l1l.Lim!ing ~8 CO!'l~~tlOO Ol.l~·'w!L\'.ek rilX:, .(lifodutLkm uainirn:g: It::ourrse-sf'Or :mild!di~L'l ~e'll'eil reetinicians 'of VO'IitiJ:lUIS di~trlct!l i~ lobe Mik(lf!1lg DcllaTh~e oocbnici:::u:I!;l,. in [tim, oO[lduoled. short. uitinlog oourses fiOf filml.er le'adcJ8 :m~. vU1a:ge agrk:1)dt~ ~rsOnllm~i witlhlin tlieiii' areas I~~ ~po:niSjb:i~Uy. u:!~,fonM!!u!te,])!'. 8J~Uliiltes of Ithese shn","'Ieml,I:mi;n~lilgoome~ did Hot St:3y Om LIllie, jo!b rorr Wong wcause: th.ere: ~S!!lO pOIiHiiolil f(l~ le:xrrens10ml. wo:rkersi:ua the !lpvemm~n~ sen'ices :syste,m., ~~tar]y inll1e ~ble miwistry.

The: ])gi Moi (RrenOI'!!'!l.LiO[l)po]h;:y Wi\$ ireiln (oreed! ~n 198:8, u(l. ·tJrue;i:l1I.di viCluail farm:il'lg !IilolJlseko]d h:as 'beCU,IIlC m~ wgie~ofmost SO\i'e;mJnJm~3.Cil:.lvHles. AgriciJJ1'Mj~. ,e;x'wfI$:ion _'ain. activity t1rllatu;!md~o be,lbrnnded as a.capilaDJis~.lJin.demtld['lg -.bas beocDIlllie· <31. "~i(e sty~~" or mos'~ aJgricl'lllurnl :inslitudot'ls ru:ld orlooi~tiOI:l8. e~!lifdl~ Ol!ro few whalmaw ~l.S'lllleoorn.g and prac!.i.oes.. C'OlJlllidess rlte",rd:a~edl.rniililillig a;cil.'iv.ities.llave beeI1!CI;V!H!lu:cte;d by ~gricl;!].t'1l!l!'!ll dc~em:s ,@fproV$flCCS and dWsi~ol~l1iiIroulgh;ol1~ V~emam. ,Agricu~ww edll~tiocl!! and! re~afCh iWlSU.UU;ioIllS hav~affisQ ,cD.tldiuctedl:rali:llIing pWgf<IiLll s, OJilrIse'llIJleflU,. ~e Mi~isuy ofA.gficllilL\iI;ro ~d F~(ld~:nld~'sl!.ries oocomroend.~d to' Ithe Prime Minister to, issue O.rti.i:HruJ.ce No. :~Jm. ~oofficiallyesrWJ]i.shlJ!!e DiirOOliOt;;lte'of.A;griC'!-lUI1ll'8lI lE:ueflsilQll LO a;(ldr,e,.ss, .f;an1iter~l:r.3iililiillgpr.ob~:e~n:!l in Marc~ 1993. IiO,\ifeVieif.l!ere is y~t ~g. W. ~ clear dii~ti:Qn f:tom.l~e Mi~i:s:nry as· w, bow lO ,organi~ u agricl1l~!1.ImJ f;:l'I.OOIlSio!nl !pl\ogram ~n fhe :p:roviIlce.s.

IOb.i'e1cUve:s o,ft:h;e, 'Trahrning Plmgrllims

GenemIly,. mO~ll ~a:i:n,ililg ~ro'g.~~ .areaim,eda;t~eacih,i;n:g disuiclI: 'Of v~~~a:ge.le'l!'el co'wiI1ccs50 IlIila[ d~:eyfllieabJe lID gruldle f~ers ~nthe4m': r~specti:Vle" .areas. O~ .~U)IW to gmlw bener :r.ice iUalSmg .bigb y.iemdi~g :rtce varieties. M~joj' OOThCe~.1S ate crop, p:rore.cmion ~gailillll!ltriioei]ll;sec[, pe~sts~p3:l1!.icL!llarlylhe brewn pl'~I!OPJx:f. and d!i:li~ s!l!dbi as brnasl pdl ~heaili b.ug~Il. Wii!h l!.be ~eo~lI~advooacy of a~n!Cld~l!J~ dive!l'Sinc~!tlio~ po~icll'by llibe .gO\l'~m!mtr.u;,I:b.erioe-bilSed f3JI'mllll,2, systems te$C'c$["C1il anc!l ,exte,.:io~ c@:urne ,co:ndu:crodby U~~ Me~ong Delg.F~mg S'ysl~m:s ReSiWoo &: Deve:lo;p;ro.e[lt c.enue ila:s giv.enmo:l1e; fiQclI!Is '1.0 a iSustaI!1able approllcb btr~ce fMf.!i!hlg~

Llocat] ems. ,of Tlf,ain ~n g

UnUkc: Ilbe. fQm::mer t[Oliilll1 i:1lIg courses onagri,cllUula~ cOru~ecIiVl~tlQ11Ii most dc~ prod1l!ction ttalmlimg 'coW's.es am v.e~ illiifo:mt3ilJ. Havillig beecH umrl:er oo~lie!Cllivi~tiolf! fora Long I:im.e,.the oorthem pan '0([ dlIe OOIlVI:IiI1'J di;d "'.,lI:S!I!IPpcKllI: the prn:e~oo. ofnollLdegre:el:rmOi!. pwclIllacrly ·fanner njnl]lg. OJIIllliie'Gttbe;rbM~i tlli!e sO.1!!ttI~ml fOO1l"ad mw.a:ystioQ:l!Jsedon me ~nd~v~d!:l:i fmmm;" ~erefor1fl. ~l:mi[li[l.S me uailiners ·ruld the frum.ersbvebeoome .lIoutiine. C()UiffieS ~<1Iv,e bee:!ll ()~f!d!l!cood by :se;vet::aW.il:oS:liil'l!!tkmsa![ s'C\I'~ratI.]oca.uQ[ls;e.g.

The "Rk,e~lhlsed Ag,ri.cuIHu ~alPwod !)!ctio~ Pto!lgmJ" was a.weclk1y:3fl~minu~e;tJ::tiflmg pJ:\ogram ,on ~e:I:e:vis~o!i!! mfo'l.!'g.hol'lt SO'IlV,lhc;m Vic:W;anl., tiOl:u;!mu::ted by me Ul1liv~iI:y ot CanUlo, wjlUl the ooo]?C'rn:Uo'O! ,of TV' ~ .. :arMo:nsinHo Cb!i M:iil1li, C:ity .wdC.tllil.oICi[;y. Dis ~rogmm bas~!~ oomple1li::d!. MIdis b~illlgrep.I~Ded by a wee~.1y ]5·mil1llllle Agr[~U]~!l.ImI Extension Pro.gram.

3~da!y ~o l·day R;ice ProduClk,1) eoorses oonditlcilOO ·bymObi~e. trainin,g llea!m.so;f the, UniVer".'ilty alf Can!iho,incoo:pe[:i!l.IfJO:l1 wlm disIrlCltaJU'~,()ridcs, are g;iveiJl. ~lllvarim.J8 provi:~oes o.f th~ MekongD~llfl. 3,·daY!md 3~mQ~W. IPM C(lumesa~ me .pJ)ovil'lci<li1 an(l.rur.lTIct agmioo,U:uraJ oJriCc:i.

RJoe Ptot·~oo.QQ '1;(l!llirs:e-s Qif v3I1'i011ls dlJrn~:i(Ji[lSoQaJldll;lc~edhJ ~~orv~nciam am) diMi.iOl:a.r!lncuilLUir.j o.ffices.

Exw:~si.Q.n IC01I:r-ses. g:iveHi !I.t me Mekong De;l'll}. Far:roi.ng Syste:m,s R&D Ce:~ler MId the Ministry ,or .A.grieIJU,~re'8 Agr~I~IJ;!rn1. Trallin:img Cente:; llllHo, (;~d Mi.mh at}\'

1l1l!fo:rm:aru s.es;sffial!ls ,ail christilliJil ,cl:illl't1ihes. Qf h1J.lddhis~ ItelEJprnes.

ReS'DUfce's

H11IIman ReSIOWllfC€i$

C'.enl:J:'amgovemmeflt. :a:ElJic]!:I!l~m~i~UWtio;ns MId 11[1]ve;rsHies bavefew peoJ:l!h;: specially nillN~d ,[IS. U7iti~ers of!iice<·fb~ed ~a:in ilng cOfl:lw:ses.Mof>ttmmc~sare.j1ils(, Qfdina:ry a;gricuil.tlIrru!

gratm~O'3!res. The: Mims!ryOif A.gdc~llwre·s A~oo1W!ml Trn;in~n:g O~liIlre~· .mIHo, Chi MlimlJiJ. C~ty" has 3. '~ore s!;af:f 011'[2; 1r~!mi!lBig 'O:ffioefS (li!' m~sk]liId. Many of tfmfiC: Wbo have beelil uainoo:as riee PI'Qdl[l~li.onlmiilile!l"~ftom ai~dare~~w CWlar):j.ng <lilt dif:fe.re!lltoff:loes Iii,Qt rela~ed to, mti~;i~g. The Mekong De113. f:llICmll'lgSysteDiilS R&D< Ge~rer of ~.e U~:i\i'el'S~t:ll'O!f CwItb.@ has Sni!~ers wb(l, W'er,e mrl:!].ed.by IRIU. Tky coordiJ~ame the ui")]n:i~g a(;li>;r~t~es 0[4 !otbe.fu,ut!et"S,. aiso ~~J?id h'oi nm:J,!lt: 4p[lov~[IresLongamJ" lleng~an\ll.. C.m1llho,M1d A:n!gi:a:ng. These mm~tnlmed ttaffienl aee ,(lo~d~ctlinl@l vMiou;s; ~:k:e"'m.1a~ed t:m:mn:ing: eourses ill lJiJie lini V1!3fS:i1ly o.f C'DlIilo Ud re:S[pCeuv.e, Pi"ovwncial Agric~ItUiro :De.jtllm!Ul!:1!ts.

Ol.he-e Pf()lvjllllce~ in me: OOUiilrnJiJ' have ~eil l!mY~ng to' o:rgomi1.le, f~~ l!ti\i~l~ CO.1.!1ffiie8 eve~ifl:h.ey do 001 ]~.ve S:JXlcla.].ly uamed b'alilllers. TI;II::~,eru;-e 3,"8 agri:Cllhure!lJni.v~-m:s,ity grnd~3!1!eS se",~ng as U'rul!lc:rS~!l each IU'Qv~l'!ci:am. agrlcl!l!liWw depru:mtenl~ •.

IPhystoal~acii !tie:s

Mos~ nCjHelatedb:aining eoueses :ue 'COJflJ(illtliC~ all: facili.lies pre:vh:!lJs~y us.ed~@{ OClQpe~a.Uvc: u.aJn~ng.in:c:],~dI£~g the AgdclIJ]lt!L!Iml T'mi:n:ing C.entc:r in no Cb~ MIDnb Cit1(, wllQ;se o~d I:lwe w:as ,. Agrt·Ccmperalive M3!nag,e:m,e!:'llarai;~il'lg Coo~:r"j rnfl.by tb~ M.illliS:ly ~fAgriol!lllM!Jwe: and F!"M'ld Industries. l'iliu~~e; :fa,d:l:j'[ies consist oil'8everru: clas.srooUlsh'a.'!d~g cbaJ:k:bo.ar~s~. lIeml;l!in teat!fbing a;idR, A :~e·w c:en~.ers.p05sesssUde projectors a!!1cW pOMLlfS. Tmlli!l~!'Ig m~reri:alls ~GDJ~mcog~p.hed teXt!; :!Uld c6lof I:cltlllets. fCIlWnl!lg cro~ (m,ostly .~iCl:l) varle:lies at1id 'Cih3il3~ooristits 'of~:ajQri:lltSecLSand d:i:seases"

De Mekm.g De~I:aFfi._nn.i!1g Sys~ems R&D C-e!ueroftb.e: 'Ufl~vershy of Cantho has 81. TraillI'Iim.g 'C'emer tql.Jl.[:lpdd willil modemmaimil:lS [aci~,ilies Midi a 40-roodl dOmliUJtry. :t .b.as MI, m:lja.ce~[ 6·lrua ~f!illlgfieldliUlicil ~sselUuli!B:ru a.w:!!i.o-visllJIali equi[pment. fO'f lJ'3in~m:s ~iner.'J.

F~nancia.1 resou roe

M:Oi!l~: nee ~rodll:.lclion l~il1lifl!g '~xm~. enb~!i oOf!dYQro~ by proviil~ciaI s~(forl~t·OgUI Lo:nlg DelilaJRireR.eseru-cb lnstJ[ute. 'or fhemo'iIlrile W'Ilililinil. ·teruns ,of lie Me:~an:s. Detm F~i~g .sysltemsR&.D C-'C~m.r. were S!1I[lPQlf:ted by piffl/v:ilnl.ciru:iUld diS!lric;~ gO\l!emlll1;e-a:l~ oUI(illg:elS ad pJ:'omo[ioI1lM.O'I!Leyfrmwl pe.slic~de-..s 'co:mp.wies .•. TI~lle ~8lill:l!~ budget frQ:m lhIe !I:'iC!QltraI governmen[.

'De ll?M ini~in.gcO'ulrses were ~!:,!~,tially i1l!P])Ort.OO by a;IQI FAOpooje~~;;md:l!r,egi@!Il~ [lr,ojectcocmjlin~t~d b~IRRI. 11u3, :rm:milng8y~lC,m8 oowsesat lheMe!ko~g Oe~taFM:1'"1~l1g Sy~lems R&D ,Ce!IlILe~ :b\1.lv·e been parn,y ,su[)poft.edby IDRC'.

n~ning .a.ctivfIUes

Asi:n:c!IIit:aJ~ed in 'f-ab~e 1 •. 'Ill~re :~~l'i~~ 5 ~g~d.(lg['!e~ri,~~~ re.t!lm~ lhillimg Qo~:rresrtleiJn:ll,'QO[l(lu:coodlby"aiiol]s iJrsUttnioilil!li or,g_i.,,.a:n:i.QJiIIs.in, Vic:mam. "f.D.e,ccm:M::I:Usof tlleoo: ceueses v~ a.ccowdiil1lg IlO loc31 eiXpem~ p~ G~fld~tiQiIfI:S. MlmiY p:mv laces call] these ;acnlV hies· "'leCilndlogy ~s:fef· oollirse.s.

IL.oeallolll

~w~ dl~~. 110 ooClPl1ra'IDon "111 Univ,lt1Ili~t

cad!&. &; 00

Un.iM&l'Sfty 100

ins,tmclors, SOO m1n.

cndr~ '&,Aml. 75

un1'0!\9r:sirt;v (1'IS!rlllcto:~

2.f\I'1iQiillh 1-Wk :2,Ylk: ~, ~2cmcmi:l

Il!lInal/Qrsityof Can/1M CLRR~

AgFi~I~~.s:I' Ti),al~1"!l'~!iihu Mlnt~1liY 01 Aglilwltliirs

f,CICIItJ IIW.oosllly

t:il!!lwrslly ,or Cantho IUA!= MOMO. UcA! H~

C'o~,labora,ti(Jln

1ir:mning ooursesillt 1~,eproYl[lros Imd dis~dcms arelll!.S1!lallly assiSted by agncllfl1tiU,rnil ~fli~veIC1l,itiesorre5~ci'l il!ifitilull~S. for Hanlplie" ~:e-UliliVer.8,l~,yOifQw!lho assi:s~edMi,nh liai ~;ltlv~llce [@ ,orgamize"QmI, "OPERAT[ON 90Q,Ooo" ,iii'! '~982 to be,lp the P~V~[lce ]RCre~e: i'hei!l" nee pmdll!l,CUOfl :fmrn 650,000 Ml"LO 900'.1000 kiT. lllllllll,cO~mLi)on.llihi~' lJn~vcr.o;h.y mujbl~c· u:,ajin~ng ~e .. s llaiiil00l60diislrl,c[ IlraiiflielrS, men ~ei.ped ~em 'niIil4~2100 v~WWagecad'!'u3i!iidl~l!:I\1'mCM farmllllfs.in 1 mo:niJI. nese~.ewly himdl v,i~llage: ri:oee:xltenS,lana;gelIDlS lIe~lpcd mot'flllii!ill~ 350,000 famlJen; 1m me pWlfin;ce U)! wn~.e-:Ilis:i fy theiflioepoodXlC:liO[~;. As arefluifl of this Opcrn;li.Q~.. Mi!illil ]l'alp~ov~[I~~ l[lirod~lOed 876.000 MT of ;rioe !hM y@i,lI.!f.

TIaiining.oom:ses at ~e Aglic~II[!Urnl: "rn,i~in!l Cellu,e;r are assisted by im:v,illfld s~bj:eClmiaU,er expc:l1!s from UlI'I~v,e~si.li,es. ~d~~bil~5ti~1!!)res..

Tr,ajoing, (:01iI"Ua:~ OLRRiltmd Me'kollgDe;ltl Fw,ins:

SysL:ems 'R&D Ce:~ter aI'e b~~[ed by w~~r 0""1111 tta~f!~ng.$ltarr. Th~f:ifS!l.r~il1lg :t;:Y.SlClIlfI:ll OO!:lfse.sa;l Mek~g Delila F~.illllg ,SysllCmsR&1)CeIil~ef was assisled Pll!l11:]y by me Trait! i~g QintC'r 'of the ]!nJllCmll!~iOi":aID Rice :~esc~J~[lfIslil!!l~e.

Ttrai nihg IP~ 8!nningl

.~11i V~e:tna:ml. an. .pro:v~nce"s all'(: char~ed by U~,e Cef!'ni:

UoYlemmC:!lIl fO' ~~~e: (hew desig;rn3Ied. :prl[)d!uictilion (m$illll.y rice) b"gets. As tl:lc oounb'y a'lillqp~iili!eDo~ MQi{R!et'lovati.ol1lJ) ~Uc:y.i~dividullllraml,i!!1:g hQtlsehQldis have u,lI're<:dve ~rimary aUem1Li:QIJ!; m e:'Diabk~lheirljJl9IttidpllJ:iOrl inrea:J izaUofl ,of

prodl\:l;Clkll~goIJ1SJ. Some p.roViifllCe.!l ~n the soum. .Ied by .A;nlg~a:nlg:p~'l)vipoe" h~ve been ~.!llIpkWi'!li&fi.oe 'l,l{x!~:e!1lsiQ~ pro'g:r3iImHl ~:O' SU\i'e !:he ir fanners. The~c,rOtre: lrls qluli.~e' a.s:imple Waiu~rro set ~iI"h:;lil!i~i~liI~re. T:railirdng oow:s.e.s w~re.fi!fflt d~jgW!ed~o ttaiin!IDe: l!'ai!:'!ers. '!hen I!etrniilil:cm Il!hemsel,ves arr:fed 'ou;~ llI'ai:rnli.liIg oom:sesfor Lbe:w respectililC :a.'l$!iglne;d ~a". tJp~o !l@W,;)JIMOs:t 'aUprorvi~Ci!"l ~d district leve~ OOl!llrses aSSIJiIl1Jf:, llheneeds of '11re fa:rmers wii(bo.lLI~ pooper app:rni~l1LTho~ ceueses conducted by lIhemo!IiJiile.~eallW!l 0:1' lie Mekio[lgDeltaJiamIlilfl'g B~\$.tMll)l$ R.&D C~lru~e~ ~re·b.ased O:rl pl"eViell:s.pa:mClpa~ory :mRI <lI,pprmsam '(;PRA} ~o ~e~eml:iWle Iile rele:V!lHll !COfll~'l1Jts of l:ro!ifl11n:g.

lr:a:irlhg m8i.1ellials

.P1lovjndal, aJDd diSlri.cl. O[lIll:ses use 1P1IIbn:S!iu~d ,a[lIl~M" rice ~i!"(l<!'hjo'M:O!lllexl:$,.IU:U$I.l!!JOOd 'MRJ1. ~ki$and 11mit!~!lg.m~~Fi~rs, oolor ·leru:1.elS desigmletID try poovi:lllc:lal staff. PC~[eft des!ig~.e~ by 'the Mi!l~s,vy of Agri.(;!iI~n:!!·e ~dPood m~.dl!lsmes· Plant Pfo'lCcLion g,eft.lke, . .8.1 id:es.ets:re,p~oouc:ed by the Unwvers~ly ,of C~l'Who.Mld 'vid:e!ltra~n~llg .s prodlilce:d Joi~JlI:y byrbe UllIli.¥clrsHy orOlilliliho andllu.e CimilJiiio TV statio:l!I.

U~i Yefsity Ira.' niOOlg 'co~rse.s, ~;setrai!'lil!lig~n~mi,l:al:s p.md'J!locd b~ the ~ l:Iilversily aailllilflg sll!iff ao~ompm~ed by :ap~!liopwiiilite b'ill~jJ!g sMde: sets, video tapes. pO~OOfS, . .md li:i~md pl.ots Oil!l~ and. Qirf"sta~iO\n.. '[he Unii.vers~~ ,o;I'CwlI!ho·sM:cl:;ol:lg De]tJ. Fam1!~l1g. Sysl£ms R&D Cefltuba:s~lk~,gW'~ rep.rodiuctlioo :l)ti;u}iol'OpmdlUce Inimi:IlIiS m<iioorimsror :illS ~a;irner~b'3:ilnees. nec~t oifpril11ling mctl~lOl,ogy :!IDl:a[crl~:s hm Viemam ls rell~u:mvc:l)1'elleap~dCixem~:~J;ldfwolImIgQ;VefllliIJM~in'l. ln3ixes,

Major PlrlOlDlelm,s 9:li!Id C,olfll:straliill1ltsoftli1le Tra~n~n9 Pro,gr8m

L!l!,ck of ICQOI[il:ilin3t!iQH. 'Th~ big:@:es~ probl~m in . .nCln.d~g~ r:iCill-~h!J!l;ldtra.mlin:g, m.Vielnmn:is ~bd:ilckofawe:U co(m~i~~ted syStem from, me M:il11stcy oil' Agricu!n~ and Fo@d [~d~$U'.i,es. De ~:I'CI'vm(les! districts,i:n:Stiwres,.and'l1I:n:i,ym,iltes 31\C;canyimg 'OIJ~ lIeirld.iJl~ng <l:c!lJiv:ities accO!oo:i:!lJ,J,1iO theit" c;x:pcrta,se: alI~d wid1in 'l:Il.ewli li:mdtGdresouoocs, Obviously the e:f:fic:ie:l:IJcy of U'a;inirng is ~ow. Th~s: isr:eflec:ledby t.lJc f:acUbM farme:r" seost Oir p:rod!:lctio:rQ1 is IlOO ltJ:ig~ dille ~o ,l!i.ca:~y use afferun~e:rs .md pestkilides.Ma!:lY o(lhe,pOOYinciaJ aln~rs arre simuhaIle:O'lils]y Ul~,I'Oyl~S 0;(' iIl:r'ovinclal.pefiHc~de c~mpa!li~.·n~e:y Wlijst ,~ tbc:~ poofi'l:!iby eil1ool:ura:g:i~,g llItOre [p.es,tkiltile use in me na.e Oil" ".P~WI:~ pIDooeefio:ll," propus. T]1e- IPM ,QQYPi€:S oo:!1!icWu:otcdby ~~~~,g(-OllP' ot" peopl.e we're more ot ,WI olP(p<l'r!Ml1Ii:ty tJJ gai~ s.omedonot8 :l'ioanciel $~FiEl(lnlll~a![I erfort to gtalide, fWleJ:S in ~~img l~s~,sHci(JeiS.

Laek of .fli!ilJ!Jinda~ 8up'(!od. So far !;be Cen u:al Go~emrneQ;t lb~giv!en 1ildefinalflciai. :Sllp~Or(, to nOil1degree:

I1lifli:~g p:rogr,MlS. U its. 11:11 ~() lfiep:ro\li~(,1es au(] districts Ito atlocatemol!le" f~om thel!fO'Wf.! rnca,gerbudgeno hdp rlUlIlIlhe, !Imi~if!g. Univcrs~ty :;md.,reseruclll i:nSlilil:lllle'sl:raiIli¥lg pl'og~s Me, depe~'~eiII~ 'On extemal S~PiPOil't. ,aliso.

L3Ick O'f't:ral,n:ln.(; s,cdaU s ,ts.MOsI'ttaJinefs are :(ltf!l(iI.1lames of ~SriictJIL'lilrru: U!'lWv~:!"S~tlies. Until ~9i8 S, ~IO\SrioL!l.I~l!lrnl 'UnivlefS;i~y ,clUrntli!la diid 11m: il'u::I.lllde ceucses o.'ll3:gwJic'1lI11~lllrnl elll>e[lsiOIll otagrlCI:IUma]I;mi!)!fl8 ml~thodQ;.h:J!l y .Th~refo:ro wheW! tlI~ymn I.\!"WJilbilg :proglr-am;S, ~ev>eRI dmw~acks ~,e observed, Sl,1cih.as :poo.r ,design of 'wl:~ii!\li ]~soo!ls.U'I.1!iJ:lillJig aid!s, al'ld j'll(lrf~ilive pr,e£'en~tkm. ~n adldi,u:Q[I" nllaS[, (cchn~~ l~artet.~usedas ~~~:quis :in trai,"in:gprog~s ~!ecl:lf!:lbe!'sQfIl!,e,

Atr1!ticip,EII~edl amil Need,ed 'C:nangesin time TreinEn,!;!:

P:rog rami lov8li'the, Next tP"iive, Yeats

Si:!}c(l 1989" Vi!clllam DeCMlie mle: of '!:he,lhroe biiggeSl.rice l'li:!lpor:ti:lliig COI.IWlWes. Obvkn:,ndy the alIm'·Cllli lecbnol.o,gi.ea] as weJI~poru~Licaruer:fQrI: in foad ,PrOOl1cliol:1 ]I.~ maCle.lsllibsumti:aJ «IIiIIW!:lIl1tiOin. Despilelli,erac~ijn:!llt ]t~e ~rnl ooilmfll!ll:lJili~s of Vi:~aml~avelin"!J~ro\'ed w;imno'~i.()ea~]es:u,cooss~"llie dev,el()1"''OOJen~ w~nOt eqrlllfl'l:ty3illd l'Inifo.rr!'1~Y ,eff;edi~. The iPw'g~s is farbebrnnd n1w e'1(p$c~tlQIlQf th:eru~qple. W:hiCll c{o(!l:lpW."led to l!~e cQlllntry' S porcutial :find compru:a:tive ~d1vant1l~e:.s ,of variolllsreglo~s. 11be overa]] d~vdopm~n:l h. SliH3ita.le",Ii.!'~e:\I'C[.AllIUo~~[~nOO:Iill.e is amC:DIl:g ~e :pocme.sl Inl1le WQrl:d due 10 the .followi[lgmaifl :~ac~Qrs. a!1!lIO!'lg oIDer~i!lg:s:

AIUmrugh .~~. gov,el1unCI!U advo~a~es a :m,iU;ke[ 'eooflomy o.]e'BlfRlo:l1.,mc~l faooilllg :~ctlYitillls am· stU~ oonnm~..d IIDiI. rolf·stlffic:ilemcy S!p[lr1lac!l1., F~il'lg acli'\l'j~i.es;ase:maitlly fbodpfQt)yclio:n wi~, nice as l!l1emajo.r produ:ct In eV\cry ]()t;J!:Hy (73.3 % lof,aU .acli,v~ties). Eigluy filv,epe:.:oent (85%)1 OirtJ~(.'; rood ,comprn;j~{)!l ofthe~miI f.I'Op1:l.lac:e co:me~ :fw:m. dec:. ilberestws from (,lber lUI I.dtl ve seurees, S~asb~ Imd.bll:m pnlC'Uce.:s $,UU prevail i]l hUi y reg:io!lls so[Cly for 8!l1bsi,S1CIIn,ce.

:~k~,te.J'gce ant'! rechmJ]o!sysdll does not tla",e a deep, !igor i~ I~e mroil ~llS di~e~o the va;gueootional po~icy o,n. agricuiUu[~ ex.t:etnr$lOJil. Popula;lio:n,growU~ ls .dail1ve]y big~~t2.2% (4-.5 % in remote :regi(HIS). Une,mployme:m. eate, "wniwl:atliymTlQllIlg(hlc ygtJih.~s i]l.creas~!lJg.The influx of relilied gavenilllie;nl e.m,ptoyees, mill_y retiree$~ OV&1'SeM ]alxlf retl.!Ineesa.dd I\() the l:i:unleJI. of dw r • rumi!:1iL VlI!OI:UJiienl.

nlC IJlLOS!lreCCIll[ ,ol.k:y (R.eS.Olllli@1l of lheFiflh Pirefl~ Sleulliofl of IlIi!e S~vl;lntb C()!m~n!.ll!)Ji.$t r~y CelilWll E!l.ecultjve Comm iu,ee,) ad ",(l:ca~es. a 1]1ltio:na:i efll'QrI,in in~e.g~aJte.d rural de'!,l\e.]opIJlLellL, ~y.ingpriffi!leauefltio:~tO I~e f~ni!lg h01.ls:e'kolds ~n the:coL!l~lu.ryskle.Ttie de\iie:lo,p;mem:sl:lou~~ be s'!1lsrnrrla~le and <lippro~ri a!le ~.o each ag.oeoo.reg~o:n. of t1l.e 'COUJil1!Q'~ nu~ ma:!ltlal!!1II bro O\Ile¥ialte wjdes:preaCl nral poverty as ~. (leillH 0:1' Ii~ 'llimc:on!l:'Ql1edim,alrkel com~elitkm. Thi,swill. need a new ofie!!n.altO!:l n~ mral ll1ieyelojrm,en~ in w~!ichiW.a:PPOOiprlale a;g,ric:~ll!llrm eixliellsion ·~flprQacln. m~:st be dcs:i,g ned. This applfOlllcb w]) till Yoh'e a ]JtroOOs.so.l' lhe fol.ilawing sequenee [Ill eacb p¥ti1ol;!la:r ,a.gffle\,1~;m:giQI~;

a dlo],O'llllllii! PiRA surve::y. wh~c~ wHlres:uh. in res@M'l"C'(l!.l1lQ]!~gem~l glddd.ines,wbicLl wiU be til sed Ito deter:m lne

oompone:nLsoi£i[cc'h~olO.:gj!' apPfOJP~H:ro'l1lic.llegion, wil,icb wl]ruconSli,[l]~e,

I:hl~ loonte:nt~'of:[X!!:ini[l:g ,ro!g;m:m~!3lPPIiO[;lri1ttet@l:he Je:.l!,i(ln.

The:PR..A s!!!If'Vey will be oQ.m.1w:,::OOd bj~ suibjleci m:aJue{ sped;albns\1lhom.ll:S:l.~C: s!;le(;iialized hl'l:i~:i:n\g a.t appf'O,p.r:~iue 1J!li!!l VienJtj,es prioi!:' to '~~ :aJC1~~ .sMrv~y. T()I ;l11,e;v~a[e!.l1e faJIUciI's fro:mpoven;.y, all] ilntegrat,ed: nm:ni:lilg $ysrtems ~p.p:rooc:h, :sh01i.lld b~ .ilil.cQi'pot1fleltJ.Th:cl:ratlni:ng IlCljiv~!Jes wlllbe pl1ml"!eda.s foll'lows:;

l. Tra,]D][Ig dm ttalDeril on PftA

~ Training, mlethoos

S~pedfiK: slI:IbjeC:illIlli!Uer (rice. eash CI)OPS, fnl~t blees. U\~eslO.ck. tl!ql.!aic!:lhlY~l(;.., fores!~ :,md a.,grofOfiestry. slil:l:aU fMm. b~'s:i:nltssmaIDlagJemenll so~~ allJ;rill wate:rmanagemenl, S()(;~o]o'!lY)

l~e;~1l y U1CiSC siPcchdi zan;:ic;ms. are a vaBablca~. the Mekicmg Dc:lta FM'mmg Sys[em;!;R&~D Oemer. bill this ls j 1.1.$[: lor !.he souti:le!rn patt ,of U~,(~ co~!!'!try. A s.inli~~ ~el!Wr wn~be needed for me nonhe:m regiJon. FiL!l [I(1~I:lg 'lO $U!ppml ninec.s willb~ e..soofltial.

2:. Orgrurti7.:,U,lOilil. (If s;uisro:i:n:ab~eres()!~:rc;e deve]opm~'l poogrruoo :rOil" eacbl~l)ovt[lce. In orde:r (0' cope wiill} the, flew dltTICiI'lSlO(l oil'ru~. development. Ul~,pf!ovifl:dal ~gric~lt~if~l ~lt~el'!&io:!t flM,Il::.h:i:llliery com]liOS~~ oflhe 5peci~~~sl:smen:liOined aMv,e, ~<lS IlO ~e a llew shape. These s~ia]~sLS willlltlen carl)' 'OIJI[ ~Ilrung ;&lJiogmm S irrornphm .. i;ng {o·(je.si gJ:lil1g rCou['se$1md .3[)prnpiliale lrltilli'Ullll, m<li~eriil]s ~or vUl~ge~b@s~~ devC!lopmcllt wo['k~. 1'h1L'l v[[l,lJIge wQr].;~r wiHi~ WrI:l give Idla}HcH!lay guidance to fO'Lrmers in bi.sfber ruTll<l.

IEstal:U~sl!1m erlt

TheM~an Re8,i'o~ Ce~~ (Altc), of ~e Asi:aI} Vegem.b:h;:

R~seaKbb~ .ne'll'!eIDOpme:n:l, Ce:ThOOf 1(1\ VROC) WIm offi.dai:ty 'e8taib.'lJsbed will, Thai ooiml~t alPPliOv;ail.iln, JUI~Y 3 ~ .H)92 p~ 'o~tiOfiruJ.(iiom.No'll'e:IlItbet mo.l'992. wket'l~e memo.f:l3ij1I;dil.l!m Qf:a,pm~twl!,!ll:l'iigl!le:d p'U.bHclyby l!be: ~jdCi1Wlon::::asellS:m:

Ulli.ve:r'S:i~y (me ,omC~alre'pfesenm!:i¥e :for 'Thailand) 2iI!Id l!lh~ D~~ec~or Ge!l!emlof AVRDC. Dis ~lgn.ingro~OO I~~ ~l'!OOIg,~ti,Q~ aad 'cQlII!iersiou of '1bG'fiIDI. lie fOrme • .AVN::OC ~ Tbail:and .R..eg:ional Trailniing and the AVRDC ll~WutW Ouooaeb Pwoyam (AVRDC-TOP)' hll(Q; 'me AVR:OC's Asj~ Regtol:!a:l Cell'ler (;l\RJC) based :itn, ThailM,(I and ,e;,.pm~jng its p[\l)grams p~ se:n:ices 10' 11 OOUl:luiJes Jill the Asi.:w ~s:ion:.

ll:oca,Uon

III aoc~ce wilb Ite signed ag:reem~t, IIll.e AR.C'-AWDC. b~: ~I bo~Wd fior2;S y~ b'-l! KarelSru1 ID'm¥ers!j~y. w~idb! pro.vides2() ~.oc~ofl:~~ fortIS ~~tiJon in, l'heulmi:vc:rsilY' S Kamrphaengsae-n, Ca!mpus .. '90 kil:orltelleJS NW' of II :m,B,i::o.k.

De ,cboice €oil 'l'haili1.lmdM ~es!h~ for ARC was 'pri;m:arily bMed {11m Tbiailamuj[·s SllfOJlg 6~rilc~]~IU~aJ h'adifio:ns im p.rod1!!:~~on. reserucb" lni,lIi'll,g, errw:i!l'O!IlmeIU:am ;l'i'o~tkm ad a~~~bi]j~l. 'The C!e~Wl!I!oc.atklli! wbi.ch ~s 11~l!:ed to' BrulSItoi:'s wideco!mm~!l~ca:Ii(mnetwo.llbp.f()i\!i[lesaddi[l~Olllial, :adVPta~~,~1) fa<:~~~lal[_e lie opemtWO'[l, (If lie ,As~lW, .Reg~m~alI Oe:n:OO!i.

Area of ,c,orveirage

De A.RC~AVRDC ~1111 Di!!i]<md :rerve:s.J, sllibre@:i:OIi:s:S01tli!ilile,as[ Asia, So~w ,M:ia" and CiI'iilllO!l. Se:Y~!1il[~ '~Q1i!!!lILrie5· are. i~setuedl. These .~~'haJ.hmd. Laos, Clmlbodi:a,. Viemm. PbiUpp~llIle's,.~ndol1ies~a" Ma~a:ysi<'ll •. S~ng.aporG. Bn.!ne~, My . .w.mar:.ClIDioo., Ban:l:!]a;de~h. N~~[,. B!h:tlltall. PakistMI. Sri L..ka ,!Im!d If!d[a"

Sou.liIlWt Asi:a. !b,as a very ~GW .per' ca,jUllooliIsllm.~itio:n. of ~.g!)!l~iibll~ b1lJ~ b~a.r.:Ip~dly ~m~~ng dem~~d. MQdeQ~ly we~~ d~v,elo~f!atb:maloo~ol!!, sysil.e:ms eXi8t.aJ!d m!Ollll gQ\''(lm''f,!;(,lIi!'l$ here, bave d~O~Sl'l'a!ledtll~ifOOmmill'le!Wllro vcgcJnalbl:e ~ese.cJh. l!1ld'eedr.e,y,em] 'CO!lllrn:b1es. ate AVlU)C. chanelied me!n..bern. These: cONnlwies~idpa:~ ~!l a:Jl1 ~ctivc: jJ~d m~IIJUany ~lrod~cUV\ereseru;clJ netWOrk caII~ed AVNET. 111 is ReJlwO~katl: present .ilovoives Indonesia. M:alaYl'lia. Pbi~i,ppim~s<. OliiJ1ln'JTbai]imd. J~ vitew Qftll~.S.lmJ'liJ@.[l)"<eflvko!l.me~ts 1.mJ~ ~mble:lllls e[l~OIJi!:nuertld [111 VielIllmI" ~. Camlli'd:!Qdi~ MY.3.IDilWiaif O'm.dlihe Pacme 'CCnl!1Wl!'i.es..a lot of teC~ology~pm· over ~s expected between. A 'IN1M' om~. diJese; ,OO!lllRlries" wlilic:,b, 8UU oov,~ rnim~l!edill¢s<e~bi cap:il!bH~l;Yi!nl v~gC'U!Jb~e '~piS.

SQ1Ult~ Ash::t:: ,s,AVEANET

SOi~Uh ,M'ia,po,PIJla!~ec!l by a bi I 110m peop~e, has very klw per ,c~iilai vege;mti~eCO]!8~m,U.Ol'!!. TheFoue of imoo,lilllJ~ :&lwowlh is als.ololw. SO!'l1lJG OOl!lllltrits in SOiJ!.!'!Jb,As,iahav,e: wi!:ln,eSiliblii,sihed resemd,sySttms,,;w:u:l 'li1ereis arrequetlte~dmn~e:ofgeflltlpllil!im ml:iinfbfm3:lio.l!lamtm,g 'l.fI~oolID!lItfles. Sb; OOlmul(lS ~ BMgl:ttdes~. Bh.mI:lUl,. Ifldi~ Ne~:, PaldstanPld: SriLaDka: ~ ba:\i'taJiiCa:cily QiIll<llnized irUo a subregio:~. networl (<l;Uod SAVERNET, :and h:,j!jvc:invi~d AVROC~ok theilf eXeCtu:iiHiS n;g.ellicy.

SAVE...R_NE1' stanoo 'op~t~OI1lS ffin 1'992 wwth mwtiail SJ!i!NI'O!l fmm! tbe.As:iomDe!fe~OpmenL ~a:n.k.. AVROC is mob~ru~zjjf!:S j'fU~rnf.ltiQ~~~:\Ifpo!1 f~ SAVERNET toma:ke ~[ fta;U,yope,mtiQn~ as soon as p0ss:ib:le. 1m ;m,iWitiJ!)f;l" a :SU,o!llg ,cQl'Iml!iryprogmm .is bewng 'opern:wd~!!! I!pglade:sb.

Oh,il1a

(ihiiIl~. wtLh mQm l.Iuml I bi.U,~OIll,eOp,Ie.. hMa~ow pel! e:ap;m ~I1IWITIC bUI[ Q, mO(]~lely big;h, leVi!ll~ ,oheg~tll~ (lonSIillm:pr:iiClJUl. Il :h~s a well o~g;mizOO resciWtllil. ;wd e)ltef!~~cm :syste~,. wh~c~ IS benefitdn:gin ~tt;lli1i~lllg ~e AVlU)C.;i:mp;wved.maJLleliicai,s 3JDd l!ecl~ .. o~ogy. J\RIC.,AVRDC oO~~:lIoorntiQ!i! with Chima

stane:d ~n ]'gU.m. view of Us S;l~' a!!l;(iI d:ill'{lr.5<]ty~ Clthru~ is OOf!&Lil~red afld&e!'V(;ld. as as.'CpaTa!resllbr~S~(l:III in ~e .ute :s.ys~em.

fUII1c:tio'II1S

Ft1.r Usmrul:l liIllIif:lclioiIUl. the £1!IU·:moog~d ARCAVRDCwi,u ofgooi:Ml re~~cl!.~Qrg~a:~iO'JIi,!md ai:lli:ng actiiv~tliesfoif priori;ly pr;gb~e:ms, ~I:l, lI.Wle :[\e!lpccU'I,i'!e areas o:fAsia. The Asian I:egiooal CcruCif wUl:

• a:sslm1e respof!l!silbilir,y lor ~m!pir(lrve:m.e[l(, (If me AsUm R~81()1nWl Ve.semb~e el1o\ps ~ldl?irodlA,tlQU S yswms;

.. 'OOJili~IlJCIt ,a,p.lied!md aW!puve ~e~sea:rCbl 0.:11, AVRJ)Cand ARC' painti:prui vegeta~lle 'cmps 3!I1idpro~Y)ctiQ:III ~ysems;

• caonllil1:8ite Iw'e ARC' sllbre,gh;;l!IlIa].nel'WlQlli;s and pl)ovitl)e tUl!~, wllh.sci~fltiif:i.c,. atIDminiisb'll!live,_d ~ogistiJC,:SI:lP;l)01lU~

• Ij:pik: l'e;gio:n;alPft)grniI~lS witl~ ac:livities aJtAVRDC beadqilll~fSruld ~bewbe!i:e, u.d :pmv~de feed!l]ack rOf AVROC"s 'o""eraUpro·gmm.~:l<W1'fli!'lg~

.. orp~1e ~~t~,g. Wrulil em~ffil$ifS rDo!b en ~es~ IM'ld 'prodIlC;!iOBttai:lliog. the: ~v¢~op,m.ent of.specific:lr:'diinin,g :~!]~fID<:!tID@naJIdmaJrerialls!. Ilti!s,l~tkm of ~t!blications ~D[J)i IOCM hmg~~es;:. ::mid

• de.'ve~olP' and <L(lm~nistef oo~rrutry pf@J,ec~ w.i:l.hlin die AN.C

eglon.

Mandate ICf10pS

Ioadd!iliolll to .AVRDC' s p~tVldpal c:rops OO!]l,MOI, eggp~an'l:, JlCipper" ,o!llim,.garHc. s~.~,Uot,. ,and com:l1IIon am!i. Chi:mese calb'llqil'is) fOf ~~lionMld ,P.ftlm;o:tio.n Uia1s i~lh!i$ ro8:i~, AR.C ~s.o ~s p~ruy res~sibt~ fo:rreseucb Q]i, AR.C clDJls (mo.gb~. SQ'ybean. yru;d':]m:'lg, kMl, $!I1:f.!P b~an, ,@kiia, ama:r.mm. a~ wa~crc~i\d.vlllus}.

AecompUsliI,ments

ARC .. A'VROC. (urm.erly k!:lQwm!:as 'fOP sinoe iltsil:'lceptiof! i~ ~ 9181,bas 'I:h!eron'owing~o, Show (odt! decade of ~ork Whl,~ih d~truyO'.i .~ndmectIDy i1lave grea;Uy be~e:f:i.tWd ,cg~nlJ;ics~n the re,gii01ll:

• .ARC .~fiIS· re:leased fo;!" 111all$I1~wnd o:tMr oouIlIm.es &eveml,ve.g~ta:b!le and legume vaneti:es 'W:~kb ,occupy ~~ m~jQri;lY OIfllu,e veget:lib[e:p~.omtm:!l areas in fhe Asia region. Thesevarielies lllav:e ge1neml;edgr,eMmom;:tliry V'aIDu~ far l1u:-se OOll!oltries. I", n~an~d .a]!@ne, AVRDC m:U1!'1gbe~ varlCiues now QCCUpy aoo.OSiI: 1 00% ,ofthe~o~ nall'jm1a1Jpl;amllliil'!.gare,a in Th~iland. ~e.newating a. ~ota1 mQI'I~~v.a1l!1eofmoce ~.;m ~ 00 mi'llimt dioWllm, fOil" Thai DlIIl[lg,~ ,rOOiloen ,each! yem, AVRDC's lCIil1ll.:atOes be '!:'IOWal8~' ,coi!'!si!cilc~~d as m~jot varieties oocllIpyilll,g mOO% ,of tomam p~a:n:ti:1IIg area rn Ce:!1!tr'Oli!! D.!liUand.

'.' ID9 Cbin3. 15 A VRDC ITI~llIgbean liil!lle~sM:ve ~itlmi!lld m~llI.gbe$lll f:ro:m IlIn o~&:l'Ilie crop hno :II, '~!CW:QiP' of g@hJ."iln, 'Uwi~s .~mil:of the wor.ld. PriQr IlO tillS; .m1!lIn.g,oo:m, :a[l:J]oug!lJ, wltb i~al'!(.:ien~ bi:S~(l~'Y in, uLli]]za:!:iOlllill dle COllf!'!l.ry. b.ad been HstedM one af lhef!1lioor t"ho~ c~PS. w.ay hCill iMId

ooreiIDgr.;l)iosand ooy~ iroll Chirn;a. Whh the hM!fe~illli :~~Dti;liIg ~; .andmo~.e v&iiely relea!OOS, Cbinil ,oolJ~d be 3imajolD~uflgbcm"'J)rOO:~cio:ElC01!mU'yin tile wOf]d. Ip '!he :Iast few y,ear.: tfi.e ~ntrod~ctiofi of AVRDC heat Ilnler-ant CM:rn,~e,cabba:g,e ,bias made tliis v'eo.getab~e a.COl1mb~l()f ~111 c1.os~!:!~ ~e: ,g:lIilS of ,snl!!PUl1e[ve.gCitab~e sb.mtage bli '~ nom and a. )l!erur~,l)ol1ll:l:d swpp~ffier ~[j the S(mliUl!m ~W1I: 0:£ Clllii:ma TJuo~glru the: i~,ttodlIIDCtiO:n viral ~C. seveJ'(d ~.ofiUii~O lines ffiOm AVltOC' .~ :aliso ellijioyi~g !Theil!: ~o~1LI1m:i!lyin CJn,iHi<l.

AJo~g '!li;l Mj;::kong Dc!U:a thooug~ m1I~ dfo.iU of ARce. AVlIDC :l:IlIl1ngoo.rma:ndl soybean :rnMe'nals ,released by Vi~l!<!Un~eres~$Cb ~!1Iel:lci.~ ~ UiQW Q:CiC1:!~:yi.~gm~re maJll5{1% ofl:md atea.~;laJtI,ted ]0, Iililes.e uops. In Ho Cbi. Mi1l!tI Cil:yruol!W. an. A woe lID:m;ato ll!l'!efc]eased! as Itn:2: is now V~1l)' popllilrur w·ilblherWlltews.~mrQ]ld$ ,for AVRDC.:legl!lme land ve~e:lIib.le:mate;riailsal:socome:f:r:orn rugy other oo~[!mC$i:n1 Asia.

Alt.C baslraii;nro a ~til '0£201' re;searcbefS,;.md ,e);il.eThSio~ :s:pecia:li S:(SO:n1 Uilii~:mMern 'irlll1'i<:aciies of vegeta~;le pro(h~~Cii!laif:ld~arch, 11iIe.seall[l:m:!Uli from :more t1MUl 25 ooultluies all ,ovc-fruh.!. af!d Ile FiClic ~. !l'!ow we fmn~l!In;necs.Qf 'vege:~ib'~e[iesea:rdl aC:!l:ivi,ti:es ilil iIIDIeii rcsl]lecllive ooll!'imes.The spo~oof~h~~'Qf:.liU 1Jaijpif!g sahd!!wrs fOiiOIU feg~onal ve,g)el<ID:le '~n,ilUJg eouese eoraes from. more Ilum. 2l0mlema:~jOJl!a!I afl!d !pd'V~~e, donor agencies.

• As,anof j;1lS m;ao~oW\er develi;l;pmemp.rog:ram. ARC. .~ cooft1fumued SllJtjJy~l!Oll!rs ofresearch~.e~~~s~o:~ Wl(}rt~ IUId a.llr:icli~(u:m] :potk'yrn.alcr.s f:r1ml. dliifferent t1ounlm.es .~n As.ia, II,Q Th!!:lJgd.

• (iemlplasm. ilJndimpfoiv,e~ b:reedin:i!ma~erials ace (lo\IU;i~li)!o~s'lydisltib~ood :E[Qlrnt\'VRDC IililwughJ ARC 110 varinus oOllnmes '~[I If!e~e:gion. New l~ama:~3liid mlil~:ll1be:lm vui~lie~ will !!O@W! be~elease~ in Vie:tn'am. E:u:ensive pIalnti'ng:s of AVRDC ml:lng~JilM'ld soybeg are flIOWbei~!l, lI.m,d~l1 i!~ Cambodili! ~nd M:YW1!n!l!l". Thr'otlgb training schd~m,.new HtilU:erlalsh:i±I.vem:elil ooUec:ted r~om Cbi~!.\ 1~11i!~, Ne:pa1,. Vi~l:Ilam3JId P$:i:stm, fOil" ARCs gemLp~rumll coUe:diion and ~'!.1llzatiOl!l pro,g~.

MQ~~i:nsuUl;~Oa:lS ~aJvegi;YleIli up the s~·~'o·~cd IO:J!l!g C01Llrse~s due IliO Ilhe di:rrka.dty ~n!cillillig ,ooi.cipmus as wen as,oo:!)Jsilaim,ts i~ rosol:!roC$. How ,~ yotl ,able to tlOiJllilWu,c, wi Ih this approach? It wasn' [ ~1~ Wfi. wg~l1;l'l.!,cky U)'C{JIn;Ll:n:~Ie, for l!2,~ Lll!:!l[y,ear. wewere dOVl1'[i by 5·mO i~aJil:lees. Som.e of mecolJl!')lries we're fiO[ ~b:le~o~>el:'!d the~r st.'lff desp~te $~iho,I~~ips. W,e: ha.V\e ~D '"Y' Ilaro. l' .1n,'ild.~l1o:posed lI~ttbe l!Jrnjning :scbo[~ip be bY~~l· tIilAVROC P(ro!lI~:S "or dQnOf f:U!l1l,d~llg,. We~u:oo ,~ome[bing ~o bllck ~tlllp.

Y!I!ng: Yes, I bild been in Cam~iafo[ con~~,lti:liIg uRdu '(oo:CEF spoDSQ:rship im1:9S7.

mW3iklJir:: Ididfi"I~ seeany Indian particip.ati:on in yOl:ll;n.in~liIg (jQ!lli~~. Wbl'?

YWlG:i mwas~ed R .P. S:mgb. <31, good meDCi filom mdia, 11.0 b~,p m~ g~ doma:!iQ:!ls for schol31sMp' from III/dia, W e dOWliO~r:espo~/d b,)~fI/~ivi(llllla.1s,o:r o:rg::m!~~lioos. bt!l,L to, ~e go:v~nlm,e:!lIt. SQfm, we lIia,ve nm, reoe,iWildappUcaliOlilS fro,m,th,e l~!C!!i_ gQV(lnul)e!!l:L

Hole ot ICRISAT Human Hesource Development Proqram In Asia

·Ac.tin~ Progmm .LeadeJ,' Human Res'Ou.fOfj· D'eVf}toPn'lent .Program. ICA/SAT, P:atancheru .P. O. 502324. .Andhta .pradesh, India

Resea1rc:h!ia·llaws.h{ps, p ostciomioral iellow:shipG,uQs~a~clh !lcholarsh ips, in·sewk:etrail1il1lg! pro9Hllms~ .a;p'pn~rU~~$hTp$~ and shorlAerm CO!Jr·Ses proi)f~d~ QPp()(n.!niUe'~ JlOlrsklll aod cOl1)cepl d1evelopmerlt and p,ua.cUc~ l:l);;pe:fi~\!':Ic~ to NARS personfle~allCRISAT Ce!nilerr~ Th@$li!l'IIt';l'llow:shrppwgramsUnk natiOir'la;II. regional. I;lIndi ifflJerm!~,Mi(l!1:a~ resfiai/¢h .a.~d daveillopmefl1li prog~am!;l wllll1 ICRISA.T'!; sciemUk: expeirlis~IOlJnd r~>se~rC~' facJlilies. The Gtu,~ progr~ms IrOl!r!g~ ~In dl!lilrati:orllnuT! a ~6W weeksto2years: !i!lrolh~vIH,iIP progl'am CQmmLl!l~C'ate:s l1elsearoh t~rldingstci fQflm~W participants and M<lIin1:a:Lns c.().!11t~t wlll'l them.

Iln~rodl.llC't~,o'r11

Hilmml ~r.::s()rlJ:ree dC1ve~o~mel]tpl.a.y~~ 3,[1 e.)!.trlL'l:mle~~y ,,:iM fOile In (he a,CC,]yisi.uQllo[a:n, org.m.i.Z<\llOJ[l·S b'lII:moo cap~ta:I. DemQ~t precious wea'llbl of atly D!ujo!Jal~ys:~tni~its people. ~~V~I:rn~!'Illitn"pco:pIJC, ~ a;dva:mceLllleeoollom:iC: dJesliny ,of Inations. ·fh.o~gtl hless.od w~t1~ ~!atu~ro&o<!!looes.m~ynadons aIelaQil ab:le [Q dev,e;lop ~nsl~u.l!lilol'l!a1i:l.ed gniwm bc~!:!~ ,gf If~ck clF skiUlcd m:l!!opower.. ni!~ [or lhi.s reas.oRtI1i!1'lt~CruSAT ill'l.GQrporn~ed Il".ailll:inga;nd reU()iWSI'!~r~ WJi!'~glCarns for liliu~ l1:nl:M:l~n resource de:\ld@pm~ll[Qfl~e Natlm:ud AgrktlUuram ltese'MCI'l Sy:ncms (NPJ1S,) in iE:S m<'ln(la:le.

Ma;~,y deve]otp!i:ng 'Colluurles' N.M~S have we chaUen.g~ of :si.I1iI~,dtaJ;iJeorus]1 lIevelop:i]1l.g a ]vg.e cadee o:fhi.llJh.1ynrairned p(:rs():lfficl. wbUe; tJItoo~npi~~.g an amhlitiOlllS rt:JS\')3:I't:h. a:genilili foil" I:he: proi\'isioilil of Pl'o(luc~.ion ~eJCtmo]ogies w (I'H,l. ~,am~~sCl3ile rMllJCf. It lsiimJpomrnl 'to I:ookat me a.vaila:bi~lty of'!raii~ed pefSonn~l. tit the CIOO1I~e):;l~ Qf h IllIW1 au power :re:q:I;lIitrt,lIIlll!ea~3fId de:v~~opmentof the NA RS. Tb~s g~ve:s oolne~de<'l 'of the si~e ;m.d lit: sl~]!I,glh (If '~e baSGMld sources from whi.ch a. N ARS ~l.'!!n 'acq ulre and deve~op its b'!I]:ffian ,c~"i mi.

T),:picaU)". we..fe;ue fOU'!",cartegories o;fpersm:me~ e!I\g;aged ina OOU!u:ry's ~Jgricu.~.lura] [le:ve,lopm,el:'!'E (f.AJO. U.983)~ ~~or~ss,iona] pe;rs{l~:n~l (with ~tl:etit a B .S!:::. [iii sciel:Jllirilc; (If ~Jl;chmica~ agri.cUlhtllle),. seni.of ~ecl'lri~cai .~rS()f~:!'QICl (i.!lS1:.!<1!Uy wilhpo!lt~iSeoo!'ldaryle~blQ.icam tralni'ng Qr rele\,;u;J[ c.)!pe[~el:'!ce ~CJil!li:'!I:alcn( lO (li:pilo.ma. leve]). juniorlecb:ic.aJ [personnell

(l.!I5't!~Uy with one o.r two, years Qfag;ricl.1il,u.!trlitmJlllirng). ~d voc:ali.o.tl!iil or artiSruI personnel (wH.b oill~tlle-job ~n~",g .~ead.iflg to ~oognWi(m of CGIUr,JCCroru;:C) ,These ooQlSl1u!re the pmen.tial N.ARS hlllll:anOOSQiJ1Iwces [loot

ne·difncu.ltiesofren ari~~ ~I'I UH\l avalJa,bUity. 'Ill~ q:1!!~jUlY. and me level 'of ni~:ing ,of !~e persOllnel. ~Ilres.eruc.b '\!is~avis ~eagncyl.~!1!!ro;I.res~arch and deve]OiIPlImleHt~q~!ii!:~ellil.@f' the· NARS,. ,es;peci;;dlyof tho~e iill! the 'evelopi1llg rolm'~~s. ICru:SATiIDhlmugb ilS HIDll<IIIR!e-Wl[oceneveh:~p1iIteDtPWogr.tm i~ ~si:$fulg tbeseNARS ~Q 'OV(il{(;QIUe: W~ j~!llI~~llil.ronsttailWts. in tbe:i1ri:n!SLi:n:l[J:on':buildiWlg ,e:lflOr~. 1lI'!!IS" ~f1ves~ent in .peop~e:is the; 'cenuaJ w~me ofICruSAT'::;HlLlmanResom:c:e Deve:Jop!U'l~~~I?'l'Ogfal~ CBRDp) ..

l'oassis:l ~[I~e iluman [ie.soll[1(lC reqlllremeolS of NAR.S, HRDP hldu(]ed '!lie fofXow~n:gm. lIS pro.g:mm: O'!)·;l.he~jo b .u~ni:nA'l"po~t-grn.d.~a:re, professi!O.nal mraini.og. $~oI:He.n]l. ~e:ieJIILi.f:ic 'oriented eeueses, researiCll mnag.c'm.eru. lfaifling. M,oUeel~!'!!i~ Siwdy m-o:gmu~. These:pro:gfa!m$e1tl~blcs~l.'efilislS w.hio .a:reCUfT16l11l1:y working Qripro\1lJc.mS1wililiiiW!~CRJSA l'~~. fml.!U!da:le It~ become fam:i:liiil!f w~m ilbeadfililtedSeIDlp~asmaJild reseafC~ ~ecb~oloig.ies for i:nclle~eda;!ld .s;tabUi7JCd food prOO;uClion till '[he semi~Olrld~g~o!IIIs oif [be u'O.pics.

StlU dy p:rIO'9i ram s

The slud:yprO,g:ra:ms !!!(ICJ!S:ATam dm;igneClro,.ao:JQDmoda.t:e, perso,ns w.i:l!h. dl \'ers.e edll1!G<I(]on m.I(J eXpI'lri,etlce. lndiNidual p[lQgr~s. are dev.e]ope-d in ~socialb:Jl[DJ Wll:1:1 Sdtlmlilific Dd mRDP s .... ]Jerm:i:~ti;]1S, e~ch pru.'tilc~pl'm:~ ~o oondluct llislher own !lfltperlrrH;mts and 'U'i!!!ls YS~:lag theU::ruSAT coUectioll of ma:uulrl an (I. !licierlljficres.QuJ~es !i.lfi!'i.q]u1e re lie: phys[~aJ .• e-oofloIDk. iIlf.ldsocl:aID el1l\l'i~~flme;n;[ oflh,e semi,",aridtro!l'l~C8 (SA]).

The~ndi'V idQia} partk;ipanl dev.eiIops res~b [:)1];miS O'f undenakes p:rnctilcal ,experictlce wimlhthl~ rnsf;larcm scienliS!ls. The staff, ,eql!!ipm.cn1r. ger:m:p~asllll.~I~ pblys:icaW faCml~e"sM'!d IlliIc Pafti:cip<ml' s abJl]l:ies, attitudes. roQIi.v.III~(ull,.:andex:perie[lccIQQm~~ne to fm:TIII an ~de:1iIDI:rn.irn.ing~leam~[Igstim<lli.o._~ in wkicl1l ski]] andcoX!cept a.evelop:l1:lilSll[.(!:8!jl be praclkaIly orieflted! ~o .labOlia.tory and fi,e]d ~a:;Ch <I[!d foodpro~!w::ll!on iu .~~ SA 1'.

TVpes ofs:l:u'diy pirog rams

Six, Il~S of :Il~!.Id1 pwgrnms.,fllrlg,iJrlg from o:ne Of I~W'O We.fl!ks ~O 'lwo)!!~m, ll1aiVle boon (:.lJm:~,tly idel~linedlg s~e .a,. wild!~ fi!I![Ig~o:rlrul!lm'l,am, ca:pitail :p,cedisQf NAMtS.

i( 1: ') ReiSl~Hlrch rei ~()wsh[ps

SAT NARSs.eiienmis;ts willi M.S c et Ph.D deg;i~ WQ~k with tc~, of [CRISAT Sic~en'l.ists O~ spl'lcif1C p~()b]em~ I!lti~~:ljng.lieceliltdev'e~giP'roc:!.'!ts. tectllilll~'tIl'!es"amJco~ccpts. Th~ IIfI'lSIl of tl'Je s.UJ(I\YP[lOg~svMies from a few weeks Ill;) Q\ne yea!!" delPe:!lId~ng on me ,~ 'Ofreserulcb se;lccted.

(a) P'08~floctoral Fell Dwshi,ps

.Acad~m~c ni;!l~g ]eaJding tQ a Ph.D degree wi]] be],pi!iI:

I~;rn,g re~se~&tec[i}ni<i:I!I;es fOil" pro:hilem, .s@rnv~ng.but the soo.pelil'l:aybe~gitedm oruer wiluI1 nl~lhe d.egreerequliremc[l1'.'l wit.ll:ilil ill, >Slti,~]aled tilmH}fia;me. Henoe", th,fl, :OOCCiln:1 pcha,.n. d~ll,fe~ reci.fierus ate proviilJed opporllW!l!ities L'oLearn [0 use a l.eDI, approill.Cbi ~o'p.l)obWem, sornving. apiil:ied resemeb,. IiIfld roobolbgy ~l'msfer.The pOSlt~doClOrru feiIoi!iv!; work wh:b Iesemr~!il, sc,icnus:lS on sel:eore(]! om-going proh~em:s fOf' one to. t;wc )'leafS.

,(3)1 Res'earch S,chomar.shlps

Thosew\b,o WOIlI~d Hk:e ~G im.p[\oveLlrue~f' iI.>eadem.ic .S!tl!I~~S d:I~llIgh !!!l!liVefs~tydegre~prognoo:s aooe!1~Q~:rn,ged. by pfo,,~d:iifl8:re&eUc~!l. scllliol,at:silirips. U'W1i\i'ers~ty sm~ellts ,a:llciI" !com~k\l.i~g '!lie C():iJ~ wOfk oO'[ld~C:l ~el:r thecs[$,rese~ch ~fl a scientific CDVU;{)lmJjent W, acqll~lie :p.rac!ticaru eX,pe:rience. ,eoi!loep~,!Ul.d sk~]]s,~d le~ m,an!'l,g)l;;r1,f)] 'ledlliiiq\!!,esrehued to SAT food p(!oducJIJOJ]J and gtUira] resource ma:ru[lge:m.cru' ,:MId. dfliveIDopmcut~.Re-~1iI Scbolars are"g~v,ellil 1.8 ~o 14 m@nthstrai~mg !!!it: the CentM im o~de:l" ~o ooUect 3 ttl .5 cydes lof da:ta OI1lIlt!ew ,S!e~ecl!Cdmesisprob~em fo:rpMia:1 [,uill1llmclu !of lieir deg;ree :pmgrams ..

(4) I nFSeNiceTra~n~n.g

lllereate 3~ypes o:f'nining p:ro8rarn~ of6 m:8mOl.'lms, ~ QIll. fidel p.robtems ~n'!lolviJllg ~. (gJU S~]1J. In C:Il'lP m.p:ro!j'em,e~:n'l:. they deVleJop 'I}e p.rac ~iC3il, appli:eatiQ.IlI a(p~!U1~. b:!lledJi~g i~bi!1ll{ql:!~ MeW 'llw;~tili7caJ!ilioll Qfw,1i!~'Ces oftesistru:!ce pdroltr:!Uu:eflof'i:m.pooveda:n.d sruabiI ized y~elds Of~1C crops iIllCRlSAT's m;;l[lhte. IIJProd~clilo~ agrcO!:l!om)" Ilh:ey ~emr! w util izepmcill!H:ti@D and, m1m:ll~ie!lll~l1'l proo~dure.s {o,r a;p\pil~cation L'O loa.! co:ndit~or!smull,oredu:cealj\!ersc: inHuoores 1tlil;8i[ ] in1.~~ crlOp :p.rodIllCJtiml". In re&Q:I!I;rC6lllum;llgcmcnl, Ihe~ l~ro :ass~S'sl'h~pote!MiaJjt~~ 'ofl11!a~fiJ~ re:so~~'cccs ;arld d'f:;veIGip m :lmagcmcI'JiI. .sys~emsl:h"~ wiln UlU I~z.egelileli.c ~O!;l~es" croWilmg ~ysl!ems. l~d am:l W3ilef ma~H\,geme~u, recl:njliqlil~m;arl1le'U!i, i!miIID eOQl'IOmic aJll~llli!llm,MreSQiIlOC'es.

(5) .APiPlr!enUoosh~p

A_ppooliltic~ 'wbo, me U!f1iV~Bi:l1 8tl1lde~:nilS.a.re PfQrvWed w~fk."Ml!!ldy (lpportUflit1ies U:I· olbmai[lpmcli.gffi eI:Ilpe!i1CI1cero i:eam, resear:tlil skiU:::; <mIdi pmcedures;. This :m.!lYbe a(IlaD: ofltiliJe IJn~ve:iSity iieqElirem.ellt,. Tl!I~c MTl.!!d'enl:! are· [plfo.,ri.d'ed one IiO &hi; :[I'.!onUls of wo:rke\:Ilpt::ri:ence wi:WI elil:g~il'U,':ers. reseMCJ~ sc.ient]r;!:s .. co:mPUltCiI" expe:lU, !l!Ildi mlilli!lte:ll<i![~ce p~OT1!'lct

(6) 8 hort-term Cou rses

~o impm ~J)Cidalilled res.e~lliI . .s!k.iIls bd ~'ro~(h~~s., speciti.c is,d:e:n,nj.f;h;·otrne!lniood OOl'!!'SCS are· ~gedb~d olill1be ~va1illabili!ly '@f~lewtecbil'lo~ogies an[lfor reql,ll:~lQfNARS. or do:n.Q:rn •

IO,r!g!aln ~zati 0 n 10lf stllU:ty p,r,og,r,all1l1

Res:p(msi;bili~y 'o1'eslabli$l]i~g dlelf.mn:iWl!l pc:d~d~s aind w~eolio:n, ,of p:1l!ttic;i;p:<mtSfo.r s!lcUdy 'p~Q'gr,ams ~s \l\esoo(l in an Advisory Cammhlli:l$" The [)epi.ny Dtrecmr Gemera1 is tbe Ol@irm~ ~n~~ogJllllfi wder;. lllU)P, the Se~WI'y~U!!e D[reclC!'!'S ,of Sd~lifie Pr<o.g!!MlS rul,fj ,PrrClgWiWl Leader ,of Ge~elic R:es'QUJr.oosPd;.og!i3m, lIlile me{mbers. AU ~]l!plicatiofiS fp. $l~~ypoogram.s, are eva:I1!!;a~edb)' UJe Adv~s,QIJColiUl'liI1.i,nC!f:, Th.e oomm~nee reeQmmell.(I!ll, the i'!OCQptanCif) :ba.~d en 'lihe ,~'plk~l'se~x~e~ie .. ce <'l!!'Id frespo!'!~ib~Hhes. educ~iI\ljolil,. ~eogmp,biical ~OC<liH(":ilj ~Orel'lliiaJ ~@ s!!ne lWi SAT Ptrr'(l~r:!!mJ8 ,ru:Jd Uu.~ ,a:\\'ailabi]hy oif~,e.~~~ facilhi~ ~;dI :appro\P'Jli3~e ,s.c,iem:is'ts o:rrese~cru. ,guideS1it. :[CIU:S.AT.

SUl:dlyprograiJlWs!OJ eadltt\tegoiI;Y 'of cru:lid~da:1Je are ofganhtetll wHhi:flllhe .speciii!l!Zed sc'ienoos of [CR1:SA'l'.s lllum(late Cil'op,s,n::SQUCC!1l mfUlll!:PIe'm~JQIt,. :and otlJeJtFatISA l' Ce:nrer Ptl1)·grams,. CQm.p!i'C~el:lsive ~ndi""id:urn:ized p,mgrruns, bMM ()iIl pre .. ooutse,e;val.lliiillruO'l:IS,aJI'Id ~m:enriews,.ue c:Lm~lO~;led lO provlde :practicaID.and d1tlQ~eucaJ.C;Xper:ill'illlOeS][I <'iIgri,(:~II:liltl:!ll reseooel:i, c[QP im~wve!lllcnt" DlI'odl!!.!'c~ion agrnilto!l!'ty, and 'agri!C~;dM.all)eseru;c~ll. IT!!al:'!qe-ment procedures.

l"lhe dl'lratiorl O'md oOf!te'n~of each study Jilrogramis, adjilll:Sfed ll!)n:ne tl1[Im~o:l' seasons neiCes~ ~o obtain ad~ll!mie. dal;:}, an~ me desiK\d S'peciJa1:i:zation,oflbe [p'Mtid:p3illlIL AS!lJl imlwgrarl! P:~( of '[h~ n1i,l.dyprogram. eaclm p.anldpl'mt ~!evelop~ aJii:cmcO:I'I:~t1Ci1.8 :I<liborawry ad ll'ie~;(1 eX~!!lle[lU w~w~n Ihe a-pp[Q\1~~ res~b p.rogF.mtSOf: ti]e InslirulLIe. ,All f'i:eM ad labo:rnlQ.ry ':Similes are ,s;11~rvi$ed byre~~!lfc~ sde11lLists ad I-mDP :staff •. wi!ll, p:mcticaIIDin;ilil,g a~itiviUes fOlRliliiglJue core oJ thereseerch a:ndrnall1:IT1gc,rhiJ. ~XPCI'ffie,fI.OI\l.

AICC'8ptanC!9

To qura]i'y fOIi ,cons~dlc.a,tic!in; in HRDP at [eRrS,/!. 1'. ~acl~ ~d~da;lt: mljj:st~

• roo em~:l.oye[jJoti reoontm,f:[Ided by a. :!:Jiatio:Jll:.a!J. a;g~~cy 'or ilnW:rMltiot1alwflst~tytlli(l!:l~

., be wowid~g ,Or mretJl:(iifl:Q ~o work ~1iI SA 1" 8griC!l~u!raID pro,grM!1!s OJ'li)llrv.c m'! a,1i'!,1:Ide '1.0 [h.) se;

,. be w~inlli1ilnl Ule lorn: biighe.st ~k!ed apl;)Ucants no.m~tla:~~ by m!YClQc~~uy!

,. slll~mj'[ b~s/iilelf records of a,ol!!de:mjG ~in1ng,[I]Id eXpe'rl~lrute;.i:rndud:m.!l, ,t1lipa!b]J]~ in the !lise Qf!;]],eEflgrn~sb laglJ3ige. 1.0 s.bow nffilat In;e1s1ae ooijld ~iI'OMt fromSll1l!dy pmll)l1m't,sa!l~ClU'SA l' Ce!1!(Cr;; and

.i1'!ldilc<i:lea will.inglle-ss~o do praclk:a].l'ield 'W'O'It,IOSillYdy ~d ,~oilldt:!~~~aoor,a!ro.!:'Y!md field r,eserulcbinareas oOffill,'l<:!ili!ble witb[CRJSA'f' Ii muO!are aIld me o~j~dve·s of the: s.wnoorl~~ a;g~llcy's PI0~:S.

CC'Olpe.ration wlitni n :~C!R~ SAT and witihl o~h e.r ; ns:~itluit~c,IIi'IS

Tbe field, wa,oo.rn~ory.ruJd CliasSr1QOllli re.mn experiences me facilil:aIDCd b~'rese~ SciC!'ltJ;Si~. ~sist~d byHRDP smff. R"eooarc!b Sc:ier!'!Ii$~ pru:1:ic~pale ditelCUy ~I'l "'f'1ll.d\)lpNlsrnm acUiviilyas l:he.sisrese:m;:hgu,idc,s.omd$'I.Ipel;\ds.ors@fpartlJci:pmlS.

Sp.ecill!i: aJSsiS!W'lice is o,bitMned by uUU~il'!lllhe research seie!'lML8andFacilirnJ!eso·flae:igIf!IbOri!llg ins!l:iluliouus. Parti.cipru:alts from non~Anglopho!!le CQlmntt[es acl;: giv'~m, ~:!ThU;:~s~~~ ms.mJctim:lis in Emglislil by lnile OSlrulIlila.Univer.siily. Hydembad .. m. addidon. ~peciah':X:l\ens;io:n,m,etbods:.,l~hl:r,CS, andla'CornJ!.ory exe rci~ ~aJve; been provjde;c!l by we :5tafrr:;rom the:neigbbQring ~ns:ril!Jltiofl~ mKe A.Hdhrn. IlItade:sb Agwilic1!lHiJ~m1 U:lliive(s~ty,. Na[iQIll;~ Ins,ti:taltc:o.fN1!1itriti.on" etc.Sc::bo,lials cQI!lducUimgihL';k

thesis:and practic:ru! re~seatC~ at dle Center ,h:aV\~'~ c~nmUe:d fOr !cQ,1!!~sewotk ~t difr<l~en[af!ficuhtltail. l!ln:i.ve:n;ities ~n .~inrlia an'da'lu)olldtlkllUlglil s~~al ,cooperatio[lag~ee'.!Iu::n(S"

11I.e im~tl;on ;)::m.OTIIg scie!l!tiis<ts of the Im.Uuue and U!ilivet'sity A,diYiMtJC()mm:i~i.OOlnemk<rn has been ~xoon\'live bd ad!va:nblJl:eg!i!~ ttl ~o:!,b ocboWs and scte[llis~. IlIld~M, lH!!ivers:i~ies. ifl!!:l:i.tUlliicu'Is" tommeroi:3iID oolllp.anics. Pd IDgca1 farme:rs h:S!v,e been (lo!ua.c~ fQ!red~,calionm li':is~t8 ,of me pwiiic~PWlI.:S..lbese vis:il!s d.em(msrrm.e II11.ead!aplnaJbj.1:i~'y of :reseMtb :lindiJrl,gsand geml;plasm. 'lO QtffiI~r .!i1~seant!. Jlro'graDils andf~.

Fol~o,:w:-l!I:P actiivii!ies

N:a~ol;laru p;rog~! sd'c,UiMs,m-OolJl:'ll:ry dev~toplJ1Jiell~JI.fQgwam sma1':r;n.0twoR coord:i:nJaWr,s. ,aNld :£orm,ei!" .pMlcl.Pa!]Jl'lii assist ~n hJe~u.ii'Yit'lgareM wberefwcj~ts' sei.ectio:n, .~[iOCed:1iI1I'(IS ,CaJiI. he:i.m:p.m\i'M. where addi~Q1H!,ru 'W!.!III.ing OOIMSeSI aee req!:l~rlilld. :and whe<re addit!ol1!aI fi!,1Jl;dly~~gflllll1.s 31re needed,. CO:!'!tlCL is lra..:tinmin:ed ~:r()lu;glilc.oJTe.s'po:nrlell(::c Imd ~rsonaID visiiilS by TcmU:S·ATstaff whg.~ wo:ik~,g W'Id tmcveW~~flg ~f.l areas w~!ere~orm!erp:m.iidpaflts .are em,p~o100. GeJmiLp~:asRt, repons.news'leners and olhlerpl,]bU~dO:IiMl' .~~:!,'Qvfdcd ro fmmer~cipants,~Qireep II.he;m allileaslQfnew developmOtl[S. Suclil :(ot[OW~I!IP eQlIltacl ~s m:affinUl!imed wilih!:!ilie~!.y 60% of 2211aldl~i foom 89' 'CO'illlnl~e,s: dluM~g~913- .~900.. Of me-se :f,lartidp.rllllS, 899 ~a!ne from ~ 60.0!l!Ulf.iCS IQf As.~a (TilJbles 1 & 2) ..

Cillum/lry .PDF' Sl~ RiS$ RiO$ F~I IAll:1h ~ih. R'Ch, kif! IIiI..s<at Ap,p IN~t k. 1fOT.AL
F~ lfllii'!) iMlSc (6~mo.)
'1 :2 3 4 ,5 6, '7 18 9
A:'9lul!~&SIa!:!! :$, "1
lB.antll~$tli I R 2 iii 2:2
Chiila 4 1M
1F91 8 '3
,
Inda 39· 6 92 83 41 4, 00 nil, ,4'1S
;tn<lont;l$la :8 2 ~4 9 3;;1
'I..wn :2 :2
M£i!l'aysia 3: II a 10
MyeJ1iR1:SlF 19' '19
IN~paI I: a 2 :2 7 8 aT
I
P.EI!kliS,1an I' 9 11 S 2S
I Phi~~ploos 111 1:9' n .!IiB
I, fl!,i!~~01 I: 1
I
I SrI Lal'riks: 1." 11 '105 ill 13 7i9
Th!!ilm1d 16 a 2: 57 V 105
V!aim,liiliJ 2 ~ 1 'I 23: 5 33
1O'T,A;l ,40 l' 1.94 14: 63 ass S7 :200 899 1\j~II' 2. P,mIGlpants toNi~m;OIil~ ,iltogmrnli r-rom,bmg,at~CFlISAl '0111'1_,. Ull" to '1993 (Se,p!lemheQ.

II, I I II
ICourihy esc c~~U I i'lA I RM/fOCl I TOT,A:L,
Ngna:nis'W! 11 II 2 :I Ie:
Bmgla,des~ r '1, I 11 I )] I ~;
O~irnI, 1:9 I ~ I :2 14 I 47
I .
II I , I
1=1]11 11 4 I a 8
[India I .3 II' ~ I 4
I
Ilndone$i'aJ 11 II, 4 I 2: "1 I ~<\1i
ILaos Ii 0,
Mal@ysla "I 1 2: 4
MyaiI'lma:u 2: t4 ::3, 19
N~$l"d 5: :2 "7
Pa.ki~tal'! 1 .a, 2 11
Pitiii1iPiP[!1U3'S, 1 ~, :91 S 191
RUs!lm 10
SriLanb 110 21 311
Thallai~ :5: 11 IS .3:5 1
Yiefnamr! 5: 3 2; .2$
TO\l'~l 3Q 00 ,159 611 ,2'.55 FulWllre ,oriel1lta.tio:n

The: Med~Ym Ten Pl.;m wbicb.s:wts iii! !l99~, will 'pf!ov~d~a newor[e:.n:tl!IiQ:!l ttl l!he. HRDP S:ttiivilii.e:s., Th.1.': m!W:'! em:phasis is ID de~~ve·lbe 6·moDtb If!l-:Se.If'I'~ Tmj~ilUl,g Prn:og;<am:s ttl N,ARS as Ilbii:s, :l)1l('; oftr.;!jjoiQg bas bemcanled OIU reog~lar1y filflbe ~Mt 1.8yw,s" WeJ!)etleve 'Ill.!at'~ N ARS sbo~ld be: i]'l Ill, ,~~~GfllO' or~he sl!!cbi ootu:sC!Si:", ~efl1lUre. 11owever" IClUS AT limP wUI MSis(IDe NAR:SincOll'u:!i1,!':lh'lg Ilbese:

OOlll.l'Ses ~ 11llile.U- ooun~es.

D,i:s devol~ti:on !ofll1OIIDp lTaini.llIl1;ptogm.ms wIn el'llilbi]e lCRJSAT~Q ofg.an~~s:tl!:m,dlel:tlilsclentJificorie!l~~drou:l"Ses il!!l ~cruSATheadqUianefS:as ~~ru:as bt oIlliher plaoe.s till thereg[atl.

The: :llItlu1.b~r oJ requ:ests for pil~eo:n;pea,(>bli.ckpc8,.g«:l!,l!Ini~!'IlJt ~dfesoW"~ ma!!llf!geIDi~n~ trniThiJt!,g.fm11~S will.sigfiJ:ficimJlJ!y imcreaseas 'l1llie u[iooail p[iO~['"imiIi$ eX:,pmd. meim: ~-cl:I ~d decve~OPID~t acliv~tIDes CUll thesec.~Ql.'s. Oll,e ,of lhe~::Ij:O[ l.'es,p(l{llIsibi~i:[ies plac:e(l On :lie~.eattl:Je.fS M <liU ~eveb;, ~s man~leme'l"lt'of:~earoh f:amMl :lmd~g, persomtet lluls. re~~b. rami rnamage.me.ij;t aodlni!inillg maooriarn de:sig~. p(j deve~opme:~;t wm oof'lli!'llile ~o be iemp:b~iz~di:n. .m!~Clur ~l'Ostrut:l:$.

IcmSAl' w~~~, asa p.an 'of tlliI~ fO~~@!W~!!!Il! Ip:OOig~.

C{1il1LliUiu:e im 'ClOlil'lmllill1liiiCMeC'I!Ifi1e~lt :~Ic:ltJ f:irnldings and rlCW gC'rmpl~an. '~lI'~:I.o:pImU,ln~ ~(l :{@m1Cirr [p$nk:]IilP;ts:f@[ theilll ~ro~$SruO!flM impro"vem.eI:U~.

Development Proqrarns of the lntematlonal II rrlqa ti 0 n M,a'n a'QIB'm ent l n stlt ute

'~Sr~ .Imgatiem Management SpecialIst, IIMI

'ihis p.aperr I's prepa~ed 1.0 a.ddres.s speci1icoally the POUrI,tsto be empha$~edl in lhsi IPresenLa!!io!l:S: <i!nd (jiiS!CYs:sicIrIS atth e lln.tem:ai[rol'l,allr<li5nIIlQI Co·nf8r~I'!C~ On '-'CUlHElllt S!att.ls and iFlm:Jre O]r'~cl~O!ils gfR:ic'~:-Rel~Jt~dGfi()<up T~aMI~n91 Pwgramsurl J!i<si<l.B TM e pm:sent8l1lQrI ,00 the i~M'ltilYtiQnal development pl'\o9lrams and tr;;lJi'nT!il,g ac~ivutie:5 ot ~In,e Intamattofl<lll Iluigal:i:ol!'l Manage IrMnt~n51ii~uI9 (IIMII) wm~ bell mOlae with the harp oli'li '1, O',minute vide,o ai~d wilh refere nee '~o :i!Jome· malie,riOliI exl!l'ade d IIJI@m a I'1s.cerlt IIMI :pYb:1 iGaliionl :(III M I RIEV:! EW MJ.W 1 99S) .•

Olbj;ec~ive!

Tll;e; m ~inQbje;c[ivc ~s to fo.S~~f M i1TIi~e·grnledl apptOiachto ~nsl.il!:lUQa;u~J d!eVlcilopl]l,e,llllim h'fig:atiJQIJ'! a,gel;!cii~$. it" wllicb b'll:inin,g ~e'comes afli:m.pcn:tmu. (;()mpo]'Jel'l~ Q,r U1;!! blilUl:I<lifi ~C£Qyrce dcv(:.lopmicnt (fIR:D)progr.am.

A!ctllvities

TI:!~ aCll'li'Uies ca_rru~e broadly oOflce~veCl as 3, roodl:llC5 cwnp:m.ililg: T.r:arning Cyde" S ~te~g;i.c Planning. an:L1i RelleMC:!li !jill T:rrigadQn ·MMl~.g\filll!lu~nt 'Oesc arc.li:n.bdliOg)eme:r in :a framewo~k.

l"a rge!t. audii,ence and parti,ci pants

The sm(:f oft!IiJe !emtin: organi1.<ltiC:}[J stmlllld '00 thel!rullttfm(hie .mID ,rogram aJlIJ~ l~ni!l g. Reseaeehers ~d U1ll~le:rs have speci<i!lJ roles to play as resOlUrce pers{)(n:SaIld may need ~pCC.i3]]zed I:rmning. The:; Ul\p m~nagern.enl awl(! se:l'Ii:Of ofl1ce:rs Oiflhe <lgoocy 8bo~k'1 be l!'Dvol.ved ~1~IlI.e stralL:ll1icpla:nlnlingf:or the o:r.1l~i,zalion,

:Staffi.ng

The U1l:ifQ!i.~g tc~ ,co:ns~;1:S 'oil' '9illI. 11M:] Tmining Specia[ii~lt, Img,01It~on. M2liI;1Jgen'lem. S~:ciaUst and R:eoolllf,ClG Persons w~tb relevanllC'X pl;n:~se pd '~;;!lpe.::i.ellces:. :and at ~e<liS1t 2lt'afune.;rS f~om ~e oo]]a,~orntlif!g. !1a:Lional ag.cncy .•

liMJ has co:nlfi~,liI~e(] i~ s'laff and oon$1111,tmt$, Ilei:rtmvei, ex.peil1Sf'l$ an(l ol1iefCQ.5(S,and the de:'fflk~pllletl~.oou1.proollctmfi_1iI of w4i~i~g artld wor~_!tlop m3ileriill'l. 1I!l.~ oo.sr1.8 ofl.b1e :panaJcipu:l:S. are beme bylhc oo:ru~aboro:tln.g n!litioWl:alag.cWlICY whid;) also .prJOvkles the pbyskal r:atiUties for rnIIilepliogrnms,

C·o~'laIbOlr.anCl nwUIhI ,other N:A FlSfilA nc:!

HMI SPQllro:~~and OO~dI:!Cirodprog~s in ooU:l.lbQratic!~ willi L1~e National Imgalliofl Agency, w.i!~:i'lll'!l'oruv·eme:nil Bini~ s!lpwn.f:fQm~lS wpm~~!lIenlc'l1Iit.

Tr:a~,n:iin,gl m8ile:r~a lis:

1l.eLrni!l!i.ng ma~;liru:s,b;jNe.gem.:rn]]ybeel:li de;YelJoped illId. pl)Odule.e(i. by ]lM!. T.h.eJ!' were tested :i:n. the ll>ailli:lThgoflnlin~rs poo.gfm1:tl m1It'l mJocJ[lJc~ aoc()ru~ngro :feedback. Mtllny:rese<l1icll pllb~~Ci3iti.QI:IS Q.fnM~ W!(;lli(\:, deve]oped~[l[Q ttailUl.i~g m1I!tcri:a]s;.

Trahllin~gl IP,lanliling

Plan!'l~ns was done bY'me T!:'aifl~ng Spec;iaJi:s~ omM~. in c]ose !coll!bf'Orat~~!l a:.nd COinsYW~ti.O:In! wiilllililelilj};ti.(n~.aW wrrigatlon Rge:rn.cy.

Con strai nts

f'il.ln.di[lg sec-m$ ~Q be ~emaiJliJ ,con$traIDnt ~Q1l ~j[Jity fQf UMI hilt .1iJsofof tlIeliWIliollalimg:ll~i():n agenc;ie.s. SecoiI'Jdll.y, trnMl1!~ng progm.t'M i~ :imga:lion age:!loles are pl!1lJ~!.led OliIIicJ illllJ!p~e:!n~!1Jl(KI i.nde~'I~dlendy.,. whkh makies :Iillie oonU'il:II:lliO[lliO tbe over<l~~ process, of i~slitutional,a;evelopl!lJe~u.. loogation Il&erruc~es do OOl[~ltmID p.m(CSSionm;sam:'llm'amm,!!, S.Fci31lislS. l't';i!llmng ~s Q1ftcJfiIlif!defcm.eof Ule ~gi~oo.:rs 'Qfth~ ,ftp~ent. wbo bas na l:rail'liJllgOfSki [Is for~e job ~m:l who i!';g<enmdlyuIWwilli!1!l" rdYCi~t,.~d ~l'lll~u)tlv!ue'(!li$l bis job,

ICiondiUOlIi.IIS lor $IU clcessfiu II iprQlglrams

Based Q:!l nM-r·s ~'X;pe!iilie~oe. SQ:!m)Jf); Qf the: oo:ndiitruo[ls and enllileaID ,e1emefli:S,fll!acessaryfof i:HH:::Cessf1J~ i~s~ill:ll!llOnal! *,v~lOpm;e!II:lpfogwn:s ace;;

• IIli.eremllll:!lt00 oomplCilG support from. and active, p,~l~clpalib:!n! of [the IlOp mil1ila:gem.eIiJl, of lfIe o:rgM~zaUOt:l~

'. II:b~re, ,sbQ~Wd b~, ,a:Il!,~IlIU'lg[l!I(ed S(plpmacJb tel i;ns~lbH ional de'ii'e~op[mlen t COm.Pf~S,~~g U!U~ il1l!l'e~o:l'!~ecl!ed :set oif.activHies of tra1n~ns iyc~e-s, Sltaregicptmnms.,and'lh,e dcvelo;pmell{Qfresealilcb ~cl~.y:,

• a. ~ys~Jema:Uc mj):rlall.'e:!~u~,n~, wl1ll~~,gIUQgf'.ml $bo~,[d. brIDnlg, il!be 'e,n:i:i:reerganizatio'l1l W'g,e;I1liJef., :Mamg,ers [[,om, allleve~s wruthh~ tbe· orll~niza;tiO!n, sihQ~~d d~vern@.p! an ~nrere,st ~n parriJCjpa:ti;~g;:md 1111 lltidersOOlld:mliS: ~elP~~es of like clI:a:!!Ig~ j)~t ~.pt~l~

'ii' tllettaiflilllga<::ti:vUille:s :SbOMld ~e d~si:gJnedi W1!tJ1 1~~Clted as an mregral ,pan: ollhe o~rnID~ bflmi'!~ reoo.W'<ce d~y,Ci10p:00~nt pl1aiiil.of mlflge1ml.eJlJ( ~I1in8 fC!Tpro:m!oIfuruS.~[Is"lj~1J!IIiOliiiali lij)efll'elopl'IiI;e!Il't 'of IIlli[l org~iu~.

.mn:i:onalumnC'11l $IlO1!lld~e'pm of tile, uaj.~ing Ib~MI!I.lb~s lemli!lb~~ the:lml ~o deve~op a deep sel:ls.it'tivjtyand'!mlil.ders.tru:'ld~ns O:fth.ew.hole P~QC~j !m:cJ lO' mke O1IIlhe respm:,!8~b~Uty fa~ g~id$[lgl'h!e, ~grnlm ro fl:llM~Lme"ll:.

., ~e ~illiin,g teml.l'e.s,ponsi:bll(; .for .P~~]l.i~lg ~d ca-nducUn:s s~cb ~·f'rogr:a:1lII ISh@ul(l. be j~!rerdlisci.pli,[Iary. ud Sb0111.d m¥o~v,e e;)tperiie~~d pr(rfe:ssiOilila~sil'l i:rl.~ga~~onm.<iI.~t!ll:g:emefitMd p:mctitffiOIJeJ:'s, (n;,m 'l'!a;li.olil~ org:an~z,s&i.O:IiIIS::

• lre~1l re,s'U]Il\S·lMke .lm,mv.ah.!~bIDe oontribl,[ll[lon to.s;tre!7!gthecn [b~ OO!}Wn[,Qf!:be '1lrniIll!i:llijg 'e:.x.er-d8e8j

• [be dbc!;!S~io:n Qif'aCftfaID ,tesear,chs!l'J.II(!i~, and I!~ir oooomm,emla:tio!u ~vel~p us.efu:li;IiJjS.iglt!;S for me pam~iip.illS,. ~el:pirlg ~em iwom:aJ:n;e ililile:irown 'e'!l!'\!'lrolllllllemit"asses:~: ~!roble:m::ii.and propose ~]3iUls.1~Je sc~utiom:s II,Q ~ei.r@'w~ d~f.f:icIliUies;

.' inte;~aeti."'e wcbniqllts .;rile me best way 01:' ~hill1ig m&!i3Ig:emel:lt!lliti~in:s actl v~ti~. nae:y piIDmOW ~~~W!I'Id~ng and fric,nd!s:bip <mWIlIiS '!i.e f~lk:~plWilS" atldfiilCinlaLret~. bruUding;,

.. lI.be ~trategfc p~01in ~d tb,e b~m an reS(lUfiCe dc;v,elop.oo.!f)n& pl!lllil mllS!lbelemoo~h::d in a!!l!! ,offid:aW dbcumel1l:l '~o IPlro"ide 3:1iH!horitati v.e· d!i:reC[lcnl t.O,(IH'l orgQ~l:ion; WJd

iii' ~II1eIlSI!lre sllIst:l:.ioabiUt)' of the ,rogmm, tih.e ~eliv~ti~ ~~ed l'O ~ l(lo~Ii]llJl:ous,l.y mot!~mrodarld C'i'aluall:ed. 111iis ro~Yii!\gs fl;!]]su~P'O[i[ from the leaders of ~e national ~g~l)!i~li.OI~.

IOiSCl!JssilOIMr of II~MIPr~e.sefiltatiolMr

Winisinlltlllil!~ Co[l~i(l. )l'mm .P~ease clarilfy )lUu![ remaikQl'b@lIt YOLll empba~ds on:~!lsti:u.HiQnal d'e¥eJofime!Umthef :lbn iIiIile 'I.ectInicaJ! ofWalermMa:ge:mem: foit (:r'Ops ill yo!U tra]n:ingl!l~@(lram~'

:Raoc 1be:petfo.rm.aIDloo,ofugatiolil s.1iS~ll:m:!l depetu:JstJliill.cb O~ iUilstilu~Oi!lO\lil:capabilitkls.

Z,y,I:a:DQ yOI1IJa:ve:;m.y t1O~rnallJ:OmJti:otiwi~ InibePhilID.i:ppme,s '! Raa~ Yes. We're 'oo:!ldt!CiI;i~g researob w~tha: ~umoo.rof :i.1UiS~tUtes In l!he PiDilipp:ifli~S.

Zyfal; iashi.adlh.e qJ~estl:on bccaLlse: tile Natio:naJ; Irrigation .Mm,ill!~snUO:Il! bas a sl:IY.mg nlililmg .~:wc:gram wb~ci:l

llll.dude rolJ1D'UlIl~(Y ,orgJ3lIlizi[lg. '

Ra.~; We: barvebe:Jii(;IIUed. ffiom the: p;l)ilipp~!l!e:~pe{[:eflC~ in inigaliio:lil. :s,ys~em:s. We use :p:mi:lipp.ine, materials iespecjm~y !!lli!ose o(1);c~rni11lg f~e.r illlremcti;Ql'Is.

InstitUitii onall IDevei,oplmient Plr'10'9 r,3111i11$i What is Ins,titutitan al~ Oeveiopmellt:?

~:n!)lilnuol'la1De"eliopment.i,s a,OO[ltiiIlUOil!lS pf()('CSS wll1icb takes pruace w~tb~o an o:!1lM~~lio1l! lO, bcl~1 ~e st'lf dievel()lp ap,poo,p.riares.y~lems.i'mdptQced1!L!teS '1.0 8~s:mi~it8 deVietop~e!1!t ud to oo~t:~().w c.h~~enge,s. 'It mso he~ps sn a:gen:cy (oGlevel.Cilp c~:eacQ~jeoliives iWd,~o*. od iIO de:lineperfoooaill'ookldica!wrs ~ormea:SJulriog i~, acbi~"'~rn~~IS. TIbi:li'~Hl;Q~S' requilres Icom~~~~~and commined liead!ersbJip wi.1h 'vlisioJ!l at tile; u:ljpl, al]'l~'.ropm~e ~I:tategies. sy.stems D~ pIlQcedlll~. ~dW'eU

uah'led .md kigbll:y m.Qtl.v.iuc.d staff, -

A 'yooety o:fl'lliOces:Se~S Me jnVio[y,e.d ~[l the: promoltiicm of wfls'l:il'UlJ,o!llal d~v~IOIpmenrt. The Dl!OSt common prac&ice Will ,o.,gmi...a:1.!i0J!l8 oofICemedwilh imgati!CJfI is to ~~1~~~ ~lldhl'idu!1liI .sWfm,emoo:m;s fmaboR Of~(mg 'OOI:l!l. Wtill!:!~ng ~'lflml;S, e~tber ~n-CQ1i.!:~I1J'QW abl:ll)ad.Fm ill. vm:i.ety of .re~otl!~,lhe: teS'lIl:Ji!sof ~js!l.'iP~cb ibil!ve~M ~waysbcen s:!JIds;fac~o!\y, ltetil:l~ntlllg StaffID~Y flndth~rnsehes w~tbO'l!!~ W10pportlJ!llniuyoo, :app]y ~ei!r newfolJl.liJjdlmow1edg,elllld f>knls, in the:Uijobs. Of~,.s;truf tOO,ye ~ndigd 1h:i:llIing progra.ml5, which b,ve; [OCIllS.OO! on the: 'lieCbnica~ M~ects()f ]nig:~tio:n btu:~ot on (h!e. ~Jc~~rus wbkin \oViol,il~cI. elilhW'loo an !lIndetSWi'ldi~gof Q.l'ga!l~~~tiOli!w: issl::!eI3. SigaiJ1.crunly. these ~,d otbe:r I)'pes ,of tratn~n:1l :prog,ams 3lI1C plimned m'1:d mlple!1lliel!ted, as~S(lla[OOI aetiicmswhicb ~y lhemseW¥e$. m:akelil!tle ,oo~lnl!ib1.!iIlQ(!lro I~!e ,g'li\~~a11 p~ Of ~!'is!li{1!!a.Q!l>1!J! dle-vc:lOp:m,coil

.m. <I cOIlSieQuec'l1!oe.lilii,ere ,is ag!'owtng eensensus ainf.lQrI:1l: oose,ru;,chc:rs ~d m:ana.grer.s thait ian ~megmled apP:I'oaclil is necessary tOprom.o~.e irlM.iillJllioll2l1 deve]opmEmL1b.i:s.approac'o.h ,emtlnlCf$ m.c sys:~m ss a wibole,. G~ c@llsiders the; f;~U sp.e<;UlIDm Oif :m:ler<li.cj~jng 'elements I:lO~ jru M; wHhiim I~e .agency, s,1!Ich as itsimemal :SY:llooms, fo!.iciecS. pr{)oed!1lfeS •. omd uonns of si;;)ff :!lkiU~.md Mh,a:viQm-,.~ytabg dellllc;Il:I:S. Qlllts:irl:e Oiflile .a:genc:y w'il.h wb~ch,iLIili!ls to ~n~ernc[ wli!~r1 coillffluct.'iW!g il!S wClrk

iru;;;luding Ithe Clitml:!i;, the gove:mmenli,.Ule prevmru~nS eoolilomJc sySl.ems<~ ~eava:ila.brneoocbnology., dtecillviroomecljll, and so an.. '.file :ilrlterv·efu1o!'!s, deemed uec~s:s1lfY ~o impil'ovean organiza:i:!o[!' ShOil.ilid Slso 00 appHed si:m:Il:ltEI![lecolls:lyaOfOiSs tbe olugani zatiODmnfier tl'IaifllM; isohu,.,-,d cve,'l'nt!l •. if they aret.o, .tle: effixtive.

Whalt M;ak,es. a.Su c,cessftll~ '1II'iiIstiUrUOIiiI:a~ [I\ev,el~o pl11iJifll I'll. P1f,ogr,am?

]i'@ilnpic:rnlCntlll.su:cresst;Ml iJ~J;dU1ti!(J[HiU, devclopimenlp.wgmm. 1.1 ls neces.8ary~oi;";v(lh'e the~op maT:!;i1g.e;m~m and! e~Qb ~aa'I!i!ig~f'!lil eV\~ry le~lellJn,rQl;Igllol.illme oJgani.zatio]1. T.he illl!5timtional devclop,nc:IU Programs; memselves :sb~uk'l (uOmoteaWMCflc:ssi:n, l[he :[lg~des 'of tlliIe impo:~oe: rOlf sJ[r3'tc:gkpl:m:UiI'ilng, and ~Iillm:an [d.Q1l rte:t1c;vdop:rnlel:ilL. The, 5,~o:u1 d a Iso, pro vi d e op pOHlIn Hie s fo r iden t~ fyl.n.g, IQr.~niZSitlo[lal 'COin straimts. arid f:ori:mpl,emen~r1gpro'Me ... slOl vi~.l;l Wict!!:!iCfues tooimpro,ve the ~n:orma[lce ofLbe. org<ln~zati.on.. 1'.b.es.e p:ro.g,ram s s:hOl.llld also (m~(lruqg~ !Ul. ;appr~,daJtion ofl:be: value oftr.l!.il$i~.gto ~he overaU developme[!t of l[.he agcllcy. pr~rnote 'learn w()rll:_~af!d f1l.!numa;warene5s· MlJ:m,g !T!a!n<ijl,ecrs to "scan a~.e world (rom <t.~ml'lde:vpefS~cti~,. a.]ways ~ ookin,g, for 1iI [lel'ltP'Octed '~11JJds and o:pportunHJie:S:lo ac:h~.e"'e t1~c~r $K\"S,Ql:lal.pmfess~od. and tu:gMi;:il:liltiomd obj.cclivcs ~ (RJ.l~nesmllth. ] '992) ..

Tai I~i Ij.<l~e Ml ~!'Isl.ill:l(k~nal ,g]e:vt!o~mem Dl'oglffil} ro iJncll(:a.'ie pCil.~ormimJClC. and beuer address aa1 i:mga:ti.on ~g!~pc:y'.~ obj ecuves is,.!.Ilerof,ore, ~. vcry ~!u:tl.h:n.ging IilSpOrl:Si.bmly far the il.gcm:·y <IiIl(l tIS st.lfflO' e:rnbrn.c:e. The qtl~UO!l for UMJ ts, how Ito ~Iicr:ca-sc a:'Warelll:::ssilil~C I.e.-.dc:f.'l ruldm~f.lagl?i!'S ,of Il!JiIcse'lgc~ld,cs .• Qif '~'.lIe need ~ll ip!'lJrnO~e.l~e de.'\f(;lc]o,plWI.;gn~ Oihne wid,t::'II'm-icty of skHIs: 1fI'1l nre lIeq'uired IJ() 'imp:roveme pc:rfo:nna:IJIClllRnd !c~nfccti venesse f ~[h.c .. a:gc'flic:y.

Hlow I[)ioes. UMI Helip?

UM] ,cl:ia~!lds i~SMsist.'1nc(!, to iITigation <Igeliide;s lhoolilgh a l1:1l1mbcr of insUJtU'lion."blJ]Mi f!S :m::ti'Vi~i(,>s; OJgru1.iz.~lJ(]mllia) dCI ve I.opm!cnl,. pto fessio~~~ dcv(l~o[? rn~11i,(. inform at;iQI~ di.i'IS;cmi!'!'.m:io!'l alad f1c'Wo'iQrk:i]lg,. These >i!c:tiv~Ues area1J:g;l1ie(l 3£l!li!1lst 01.!1l olf [lMTs goal!';., bUI[ espedal~y t.o tbe [Wg, dire~red ;nslJlppO:nt:in.g '~,ein;lro~~:cuOIl or gmpro'll~~ T!1;mtligemellt Md poDi.c ymakilil1J.,Mds:nr,el:l:gb:lni~g Qfnatiol]J] reseW'thl (;apacity ~ni.r.rlpUoll ·m,!m~g;fllme:rll.

S.ped.fkotlI I.)i' , Uile o.rgani"l.aUonal ;and p~ofess iG:ln.a~ de,.-eh1pmel)t aCLivh1c;s at 11M 1 mnge: froti\ ~~C design of ~Qnaborntive rescru'cb pr{lj!cotS ItQ' Hl1!k Wgcl.tuer "e~a:rcblers il'r'O:!W! dUfcrenlil'ilii:gaLi,Q-n O!l'';g:ul i;ziildol'ls. ilh\l~rvkc: 'Ilmi~ing, fcllow.sh~ps, c;ofll[ere[lc'e;s. wOlu.kshop:s .• d~alo'gue. and COlilsulwlk'!;I, to the des~gn. implementation and e\'!ttl,lo:~iO!n, of a set (lfill:ll~c!l,m;red 8!cti viti:es wililich. compri secs'tf~wgic piMning. ~llIm~nres;oI,lI'!C~ (J1e:yelo[Jmefll, m.rma,gemeru:, <'Iifl!~reseml:l t1Ini.n i n.g.

~n lie ;ac~aonl]'foml.at~on dissemi:lU~t~~f!. UM~ p.!'ndl:lre5 a w[<!Ierm,ge ,ofp~lbliCYliliQl:Iskir Ul.e: disse:mi.~t~Q[! Qr UMI'$ fes~R:SU]lSro wts~artrler s and,coUaOO:m!lDiI's.'Ibese inClude tecib:il.i,call Wl!U~lictl~ion8 mldmono&mpbs"res.earcbpapm, OOli[IlUY pE!!pers, ,con~erenre ad wo.rbl:mp :prooeed:i~gs omd di~lJs!Sion paipen.

llMI"s~lelwo.[1;i[lg aet]v]{ies C1lIrrel1:tly mdud.engloMJ :network o~ Fcm:m.e.r~M!ma.giflOJ rm;g,alioll S),file:m.s. aD .Asioo regi,on~~. n~lwo:rk ,on 1".i,gal~Qu ManagemeG'l for Crop Divers:il'1ic'liition, and a re-g,]o:vul)l netwl:!tk in W~t M:r~(;a.

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