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Roi Kobe M.

Mallare STEM-201

Technology refers to the use of tools, machines, materials, techniques and sources of power to make work
easier and more productive. While science is concerned with understanding how and why things happen,
technology deals with making things happen.
Development is closely related with technology. The stage of development the human being has arrived
could have been possible without the advancement in technology. The radical change and advancement in
the economy, as we observe today, is the result of the modern technology.
Technology has brought about efficiency and quality in the manufacturing sector. Technological
advancement has reduced the risk involved in manufacturing enterprises. There has been tremendous
improvement in the field of health the world over not only the average age of people has increased but the
mortality rate has also declined considerably.
This could be possible only because of technological advancement in health sector. There is perhaps no
field of human life which has not been affected by technology. Agriculture, industry, profession, health,
education, art, political processes, recreation, religious activities and daily life activities all are under the
influence of technology.
But, it is important to keep in mind that technological advancement has affected human life both
positively as Well as negatively. Not only that life has become easy and comfortable, there are also
indications of several threats to life and society in the future due to use/misuse of modern technology.
The nature and extent of development the human society has experienced by now is heading towards
crises in future. The sustainability of development is in question today. This has happened only due to
irrational use of technology.
It has been discussed here as to how development – economic as well as social – takes place with the
advancement of technology but not without leaving a scar to threaten the human society. The
development of technology, which itself is symptomatic of development, has brought about not only
economic development but also radical changes in the social and cultural spheres of society.
This articles also points out the negative effects of technological advancements on social, cultural and
economic aspects of human life. Technological advancement and development have come to a stage
where human society finds itself at a crossroads. The positive as well as negative roles of technology have
put humans into to a situation of flux and confusion.
The future of Artificial Intelligence: 6 ways it will impact everyday life
Aug 18, 2016 Ryan Ayers
Technology moves at breakneck speed, and we now have more power in our pockets than we had in our
homes in the 1990s. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a fascinating concept of science fiction for
decades, but many researchers think we’re finally getting close to making AI a reality. NPR notes that in
the last few years, scientists have made breakthroughs in “machine learning,” using neural networks,
which mimic the processes of real neurons.
This is a type of “deep learning” that allows machines to process information for themselves on a very
sophisticated level, allowing them to perform complex functions like facial recognition. Big data is
speeding up the AI development process, and we may be seeing more integration of AI technology in our
everyday lives relatively soon. While much of this technology is still fairly rudimentary at the moment,
we can expect sophisticated AI to one day significantly impact our everyday lives. Here are 6 ways AI
might affect us in the future.
1. Automated Transportation
We’re already seeing the beginnings of self-driving cars, though the vehicles are currently required to
have a driver present at the wheel for safety. Despite these exciting developments, the technology isn’t
perfect yet, and it will take a while for public acceptance to bring automated cars into widespread use.
Google began testing a self-driving car in 2012, and since then, the U.S. Department of Transportation
has released definitions of different levels of automation, with Google’s car classified as the first level
down from full automation. Other transportation methods are closer to full automation, such as buses and
trains.
2. Cyborg Technology
One of the main limitations of being human is simply our own bodies—and brains. Researcher Shimon
Whiteson thinks that in the future, we will be able to augment ourselves with computers and enhance
many of our own natural abilities. Though many of these possible cyborg enhancements would be added
for convenience, others might serve a more practical purpose. Yoky Matsuka of Nest believes that AI will
become useful for people with amputated limbs, as the brain will be able to communicate with a robotic
limb to give the patient more control. This kind of cyborg technology would significantly reduce the
limitations that amputees deal with on a daily basis.
3. Taking over dangerous jobs
Robots are already taking over some of the most hazardous jobs available, including bomb defusing.
These robots aren’t quite robots yet, according to the BBC. They are technically drones, being used as the
physical counterpart for defusing bombs, but requiring a human to control them, rather than using AI.
Whatever their classification, they have saved thousands of lives by taking over one of the most
dangerous jobs in the world. As technology improves, we will likely see more AI integration to help these
machines function.

Other jobs are also being reconsidered for robot integration. Welding, well known for producing toxic
substances, intense heat, and earsplitting noise, can now be outsourced to robots in most cases. Robot
Worx explains that robotic welding cells are already in use, and have safety features in place to help
prevent human workers from fumes and other bodily harm.
4. Solving climate change
Solving climate change might seem like a tall order from a robot, but as Stuart Russell explains, machines
have more access to data than one person ever could—storing a mind-boggling number of statistics.
Using big data, AI could one day identify trends and use that information to come up with solutions to the
world’s biggest problems.
5. Robot as friends
Who wouldn’t want a friend like C-3PO? At this stage, most robots are still emotionless and it’s hard to
picture a robot you could relate to. However, a company in Japan has made the first big steps toward a
robot companion—one who can understand and feel emotions. Introduced in 2014, “Pepper” the
companion robot went on sale in 2015, with all 1,000 initial units selling out within a minute. The robot
was programmed to read human emotions, develop its own emotions, and help its human friends stay
happy. Pepper goes on sale in the U.S. in 2016, and more sophisticated friendly robots are sure to follow.
6. Improved elder care
For many seniors, everyday life is a struggle, and many have to hire outside help to manage their care, or
rely on family members. AI is at a stage where replacing this need isn’t too far off, says Matthew Taylor,
computer scientist at Washington State University. “Home” robots could help seniors with everyday tasks
and allow them to stay independent and in their homes for as long as possible, which improves their
overall well-being.
Although we don’t know the exact future, it is quite evident that interacting with AI will soon become an
everyday activity. These interactions will clearly help our society evolve, particularly in regards to
automated transportation, cyborgs, handling dangerous duties, solving climate change, friendships and
improving the care of our elders. Beyond these six impacts, there are even more ways that AI technology
can influence our future, and this very fact has professionals across multiple industries extremely excited
for the ever-burgeoning future of artificial intelligence.

Life in the future: Tech that will change the way we live

Technology has the power to do many things, and changing the world is one of them.
We're privileged to be living in a time where science and technology can assist us, make our lives easier
and rethink the ways we go about our daily lives.
The technology we're already exposed and accustomed to has paved the way for us to innovate further,
and this list of current and future technologies certainly have the potential to change our lives even more.
Here's our list of technologies that will "probably" change our lives forever over the coming decade and
beyond:

High-rise farms
As the population of Earth continues to grow, living space also shrinks, not only for human beings but for
the animals and plants we rely on too.

It's reasonable to see a future where tech will need to be developed to allow for farmland in unusual
places. This concept of high-rise farms in the middle of a city isn't totally out of this world.
Lab-grown meats
Cows on tower blocks might seem a bit bonkers, but lab-grown meat is a real thing that's already being
worked on. If scientists can develop a cost-effective way to grow edible meat in the lab it would change
the way we live and eat forever.

This change not only cuts down the ecological damage meat farming does to the world, but also makes
for an ethical alternative to meat eating that many people could enjoy.

Space tourism
We can fly to virtually any country in the world without any trouble, but what if we could all one day see
the earth from space?

Companies such as Virgin Galactic, SpaceX and even Amazon's Blue Origin, want to make it a reality
one day, and give us a (very expensive) seat aboard a spaceship to take us into orbit. Passengers on
Amazon's New Shepard space shuttle will be taken 100km above sea level, before parachuting back to
earth

The colonisation of other planets


We've been wreaking havoc on Earth for a long time and the planet can only put up with mankind's
destructive nature for so long.

If we don't destroy it, we'll one day outgrow it. Plans are in the works to colonise other planets and Mars
will no doubt be the first port of call. With leaps forward in technology, this vision of the future is quickly
becoming science-fact, rather than science-fiction.

Robots in space and in the workplace


NASA is already sending robots of different shapes and sizes into space. As technology progresses, this
makes sense. Robots don't need to worry about oxygen to breathe or food to eat and they can be packed
full of sensors to send data back to Earth.

The same applies in the workplace. Robots can take on the more difficult, dangerous and dull jobs to save
mankind the trouble and risk. They can also theoretically operate more quickly, efficiently and with less
mistakes too.

Electric vehicles and self-driving cars


Electric cars are nothing new; they've been on our roads for some time now and they're only getting
better. Car batteries are lasting longer, the charging station infrastructure is growing and self-driving
technology is being heavily invested in meaning it's coming sooner than you probably think. Tesla
already has a complex Autopilot mode that can take over some driving controls, but one-day car
manufacturers hope to let us go completely hands-free.

You'll no longer need to commute to work yourself. Take a nap, relax, let the car do all the work for you.
What a time to be alive.

Robot butlers
Chores, chores, chores. Boring and unfortunately necessary. But what if robots could help save you the
misery? We already have the beginnings with robot vacuum cleaners and smart home appliances. Larger,
more useful robots are springing up too.
We could easily be living in a future packed full of useful robots helping around the home as butlers,
chefs or general dogsbodies.

Roads over rivers


Space is finite and running out quickly - especially in crowded urban spaces. This concept shows a future
where roads and living spaces have moved out over the waters. When self-driving vehicles do all the
work and are fast enough, journeys across the oceans this way might not be unrealistic either.

Flying cars
When there's no space left on the roads, it's not unreasonable to think we might take to the skies. There
are already plenty of interesting flying car designs that show this future is a realistic possibility.

Solar panel technology


Solar panels are another technology that has been around for a while, but their future potential is huge.
Not only can they now be hidden in the tiles on the roof of your house thanks to Tesla Solar Roof tiles,
but some companies are developing ways of integrating them into car roofs, where they will be able to
power in-car tech or make the battery last longer.

The Role of Science and Technology in the Developing World in the 21st Century
Lee-Roy Chetty Oct 3, 2012 Ethical Technology
Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect,
communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development. To promote tech advance,
developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, and continuous skills training for
workers and managers.

Science and technology are key drivers to development, because technological and scientific revolutions
underpin economic advances, improvements in health systems, education and infrastructure.

The technological revolutions of the 21st century are emerging from entirely new sectors, based on micro-
processors, tele-communications, bio-technology and nano-technology. Products are transforming
business practices across the economy, as well as the lives of all who have access to their effects. The
most remarkable breakthroughs will come from the interaction of insights and applications arising when
these technologies converge.

Through breakthroughs in health services and education, these technologies have the power to better the
lives of poor people in developing countries. Eradicating malaria, a scourge of the African continent for
centuries, is now possible. Cures for other diseases which are endemic in developing countries are also
now possible, allowing people with debilitating conditions to live healthy and productive lives.

Access and application are critical. Service and technology are the differentiators between countries that
are able to tackle poverty effectively by growing and developing their economies, and those that are not.
The extent to which developing economies emerge as economic powerhouses depends on their ability to
grasp and apply insights from science and technology and use them creatively. Innovation is the primary
driver of technological growth and drives higher living standards.

As an engine of growth, the potential of technology is endless, and still largely untapped in Africa and
other developing world regions across the globe. Less developed countries not only lack skilled labour
and capital, but also use these less efficiently. Inputs account for less than half of the differences in per
capita income across nations. The rest is due to the inability to adopt and adapt technologies to raise
productivity.

Computing for example, through unlocking infrastructure backlogs and managing integrated supply
chains, can transform economic performance by enabling affordable and accessible services in education
and healthcare. The combination of computers and the Internet, and mobile devices and the “cloud”, has
transformed human experience, empowering individuals through access to knowledge and markets,
changing the relationship between citizens and those in authority, as well as allowing new communities to
emerge in virtual worlds that span the globe.

According to the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (UN-ITU), by the end of 2010
there were an estimated 5.3 billion mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide, including 940 million
subscriptions to 3g services. About 90 percent of the world’s population can access mobile networks, with
three-quarters of mobile subscribers living in developing economies. Cellular technology has allowed
Africa to leapfrog the age of fixed line telephony, bringing affordable access to millions of people.

However, the continued and equitable expansion of Information Communication Technology (ICT)
depends on electricity. The real divide over the next 20 years will be between those who have access to
reliable electricity to power these devices and those who do not.

Other technologies under development are interventions for cognitive enhancement, proton cancer
therapy and genetic engineering. Revolutionary inventions include small underground nuclear power units
called nuclear batteries that will be ultra-safe and maintenance-free; new types of photo-voltaics that will
make electricity from sunlight cheaper than that from coal; and myriad nano-technologies, some of which
lower the cost and increase the reliability of many products – even in the poorest areas of the developing
world.

Managing technological revolutions poses challenges. Certain innovations and discoveries will raise
fraught bio-ethical issues, as genetic modification of food crops and cloning of human embryos has
already done. There is a risk that their cost, particularly in the early stages of development, will worsen
the present inequality by limiting access to wealthy individuals. This already happens in health care in
certain G7 countries, where the demand for very high-cost diagnostic equipment and surgical
interventions enabling longevity and better quality of life for older wealthy people overstretches public
health care budgets, and lowers service quality in poor neighborhoods. Finally, resource-intensive
technologies, focused on satisfying high consumption demand, like holidays abroad in costal resorts,
wilderness areas, or iconic cities, increase carbon emissions and environmental damage.

To promote technological advances, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth,
continuous skills training for workers and managers, and should ensure that knowledge is shared as
widely as possible across society.

In a world in which the Internet makes information ubiquitous, what counts is the ability to use
knowledge intelligently. Knowledge is the systemically integrated information that allows a citizen, a
worker, a manager, or a finance minister to act purposefully and intelligently in a complex and demanding
world. The only form of investment that allows for increasing returns is in building the stocks and flows
of knowledge that a country or organization needs, an in encouraging new insights and techniques.

Adopting appropriate technologies leads directly to higher productivity, which is the key to growth. In
societies that have large stock and flows of knowledge, virtuous circles that encourage widespread
creativity and technological innovation emerge naturally, and allow sustained growth over long periods.
In societies with limited stocks of knowledge, bright and creative people feel stifled and emigrate as soon
as they can, creating a vicious circle that traps those who remain in a more impoverished space. Such
societies stay mired in poverty and dependency.
The investment climate is crucial, as are the right incentive structures, to guide the allocation of resources,
and to encourage research and development.

Successful countries have grown their ability to innovate and learn by doing, by investing public funding
to help finance research and development in critical areas. Everyone is involved – big and small, public
and private, rich and poor.

The benefits that are certain to flow from technological revolution in an increasingly connected world and
knowledge-intensive world will be seized by those countries and companies that are alive to the rapidly
changing environment, and nimble enough to take advantage of the opportunities. Those that succeed will
make substantial advances in reducing poverty and inequality.

The Issues: How Will Technology Impact Us?


Economic | Social | Military

Employment and the Economy:

Perhaps the most fundamental and direct impact that technology has on the everyday life of most people
is economic in nature. The issue of jobs and unemployment is one that strikes a chord of concern in just
about every person. While competition between machinery and human labor has long existed in the realm
of physical tasks, it has only recently been introduced into the domain of mental work. Much as heavy
machinery has eliminated the need for physical exertion on the part of humans, so too does modern
technology, in the form of microchips and computers, bring with it the potential to eliminate mental
drudgery. Does this mean, however, that humans will no longer have any purpose to serve in the world?

To gain some perspective on the issue, we can take a look at the past. At the beginning of the 20th century
in the United States, jobs in factories and agriculture were disappearing at a rapid rate. But with the loss
of those jobs came the potential for millions of new jobs and economic development in new industries.
Indeed the macroeconomic trend of the past century has been overwhelmingly positive. Jobs have grown
10-fold in the United States (from 12 million in 1870 to 116 million in 1985) and the percentage of people
employed has grown from 21 percent to 48 percent. Per-capita gross national product, as well as the
average earning power of jobs, has increased 600 percent in constant dollars during the same period.
Today, new manufacturing technologies are rapidly reducing the number of production jobs. The advent
of new technology is projected to rapidly decrease the demand for clerical workers and other such
semiskilled and unskilled workers.

How will the development of more advanced software affect our economy? Is technology bound to
provide for economic growth? Is it possible for computers and technology to truly replace humanity?

Society:

Computers, which have revolutionized the workplace, are similarly infiltrating society. They have
brought about innumerable advances in education and personal communication.

Slowly but surely, computers have begun to infiltrate the classroom. Though not yet optimized for
education, the personal computer has much potential in this arena. Wireless networks can allow for the
easy sharing of courseware, submissions by students of papers, exams, courseware responses, and other
creations. The networking of information can provide students with instant access to vast amounts of
information and knowledge.

The realm of communications has likewise seen immense change. We are provided with new ways to
communicate with each other, such as email and instant messaging. Documents placed on the internet are
sources of information for the rest of the world. Vast databases allow for the easy storage of information.
Global positioning satellites allow us to track our exact location and find our way to various destinations.

But what social problems will arise with such progress? Will we become increasingly dependent on our
computers to the point of social breakdown? As Theodore Kaczynski wrote, "technology is a more
powerful social force than the aspiration for freedom, …while technological progress AS A WHOLE
continually narrows our sphere of freedom, each new technical advance CONSIDERED BY ITSELF
appears to be desirable." Will technology be so ingrained in society as to destroy it and imprison
humanity?

Military:

The potential applications of technology to warfare are well known. But is this application positive or
negative?

One might argue that the military application of science is undoubtedly negative in that it has led to the
creation of the atomic bomb and other such weapons of mass destruction. Technology has made the
complete destruction of humanity possible. That capacity continues to grow, as more nations develop
nuclear technology and the proliferation of nuclear warheads continues.

On the other hand, it is also possible to argue that science has made it possible for the more accurate
destruction of enemy targets and, in doing so, has lessened unintended damage to civilian populations.
Smart bombs and cruise missiles have lessened the human component of war at least to some degree.

But what will the effect of future technology be? Will it lessen the amount of destruction and death? Or
will it be our ultimate undoing?