You are on page 1of 65

Microwave Transmission

DLD for Smartfren


Internal Use Only▲

Contents

1 General Introduction ................................ 5


1.1 Microwave Network Architecture ......................................................................................5

1.2 Microwave Network Deployment ......................................................................................6

1.3 Microwave Network Scale of Work ...................................................................................6

2 Microwave Product Description ................ 7


2.1 NR8961 system Introduction .............................................................................................7

2.1.1 OBU ......................................................................................................................8

2.1.2 ODU ....................................................................................................................8

2.1.3 NR8961 OBU Introduction ....................................................................................11

2.1.4 ODU Introduction .................................................................................................13

3 Microwave Solution Description ............. 15


3.1 MW Network Connectivity ...........................................................................................15

3.1.1 Connection between microwave and Base station ...........................................15

3.1.2 Connection between microwave and transmission equipment (IP RAN or other
Microwave) .................................................................................................................16

3.1.3 Connection between NR8961 and NR8961 on one site ...................................16

3.2 Typical Hop Configuration ............................................................................................17

3.2.1 Configuration for NR8961 1+0&2+0 ..................................................................18

3.2.2 Configuration for NR8961 3+0&4+0 ...................................................................19

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page2


Internal Use Only▲

3.3 Radio Link Design and Planning ......................................................................................21

3.3.1 Calculation of MW link requirement ......................................................................21

3.3.2 Link Annual Availability .......................................................................................22

3.3.3 Reliability Method ................................................................................................22

3.3.4 Fade Margin .........................................................................................................22

3.3.5 Frequency Interference Objective ...........................................................................23

3.3.6 Planning Tool .......................................................................................................23

3.3.7 Rain Region .........................................................................................................23

3.3.8 Vegetation Height .................................................................................................23

3.3.9 Tower Height .......................................................................................................23

3.3.10 Antenna Type .....................................................................................................23

3.3.11 Antenna Position ................................................................................................23

3.3.12 Antenna Diameter ...............................................................................................23

3.3.13 Frequency Band ..................................................................................................24

3.3.14 Channel Bandwidth.............................................................................................24

3.3.15 Modulation.........................................................................................................24

3.3.16 TX/RX Spacing ..................................................................................................24

3.3.17 Existing Transmission .........................................................................................24

4 EMS Solution ...................................... 25


4.1 1+1 Geo Redundancy Solution (Remote dual servers) ..............................................26

4.2 EMS Server .................................................................................................................27

4.2.1 EMS Server Hardware Upgrade .......................................................................29

4.2.2 EMS Server Software Upgrade .........................................................................29

4.3 NBI Solution ..................................................................................................................29

4.4 DCN Solution ................................................................................................................30

4.4.1 DCN Solution with IP RAN ................................................................................30

4.4.2 DCN Solution with NR8120 ...............................................................................32

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page3


Internal Use Only▲

4.4.3 DCN Solution with other Venders .....................................................................32

5 Hardware Installation .......................... 34


5.1 NR8961 Hardware Installation Preparation.................................................................34

5.1.1 Tool Preparation................................................................................................34

5.1.2 Data and Document preparation .......................................................................35

5.2 NR8961 OBU and ODU Installation ................................................................................36

5.2.1 2+0 Installation(with SRU2) ..................................................................................36

5.2.2 2+0 Installation(with SRU) ....................................................................................42

5.2.3 4+0 Separate Installation(with SRU2) ...................................................................45

5.2.4 4+0 Separate Installation(with SRU) .....................................................................50

5.3 Cable Installation............................................................................................................52

5.3.1 Cable installation view.......................................................................................52

5.3.2 Installing the Grouding Cable ............................................................................52

5.3.3 Installing the Power Cable ................................................................................54

5.3.4 Installing the Ethernet Cable .............................................................................57

5.3.5 Installing the Optical Cable ...............................................................................58

5.3.6 Installing the IF Cable .......................................................................................60

6 Glossary & Abbreviation ..................... 61

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page4


Internal Use Only▲

1 General Introduction
A total solution including both wireless and transmission for Smartfren new project is
offered by ZTE in terms of Smartfren’s requirement. Wireless provides direct
connection with subscribers and transmission supports normal operation of wireless.
The wireless has 4G LTE service for the requirement of both voice and data.

Data requirement of subscribers is increasing everyday so that high-speed experience


is a necessity. Not only should new wireless technology be prepared but large
capacity transmission is required as well.

1.1 Microwave Network Architecture


The microwave network can support IP services. Considering large capacity
transmission, some technologies are introduced into solution to meet this requirement.
Microwave network also have multiple parts including access layer and aggregation
layer. After the IP traffic are sent to IPRAN and other optical TX device, they will be
routed to RNC finally.

Figure 1-1 Microwave Network Architecture

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page5


Internal Use Only▲

1.2 Microwave Network Deployment


The microwave network deployment will be carried out to complete target network
above, In Smartfren new project by using ZTE Microwave NR8961 equipment , Most
of NR8961 shall be used for terminal site and the rest shall be used for aggregation
and hub site.In the new network NR8961 deployment shall be mixed with Caregon
IP20 and connected to the switch and router of ZTE and Juniper in hub sites .

1.3 Microwave Network Scale of Work


Figure1-2 Regions Coverage of MW link scale

Table 1-1 Scale of Work

Smartfren Eastern Region SOW (Hops)

Java region 12

Sulawesi 139

Kalimantan 253

Total 404

Noted: Scale of Work can be adjusted during deployment according to the actual situation

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page6


Internal Use Only▲

2 Microwave Product Description

2.1 NR8961 system Introduction

R8961 is an IP-based all outdoor microwave radio, which widely used for 3G, 4G
LTE and even 5G IP back haul network. ZXMW NR8961 system includes Outdoor
Baseband Unit (OBU) and Outdoor RF Unit (ODU). OBU and ODU work
coordinately in various scenarios. Figure 2-1 shows the appearance of NR8961 system.
Compare to the traditional split system, all outdoor solution can save site rental fee for
operators thus improving return on Investment (ROI). The transmission capacity of
NR8961 can reach up to 5 Gbps based on the industry leading techniques, such as
112MHz bandwidth, 4096QAM modulation scheme. It also supports built-in Wi-Fi
module, IP routing, MPLS and 10GE interface; hardware is prepared for SDN.

Figure 2-1 The System of NR8961 Appearance

OBU ODU/SRU2

RF

RSSI IF
ODU/SRU ODU/HRU

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page7


Internal Use Only▲

 The NR8961 microwave system adopts all outdoor structure, include


base band, modem and radio module. . It is a waterproof system and
can be mounted with antenna in direct-mount way or remote-mount
way.

2.1.1 OBU

NR8961 OBU provides core control, baseband processing, switching and


service access function. As an entire system, it is connected with ODU
via an intermediate frequency (IF) cable.

Figure 2-2 NR8961 Appearance (OBU)

2.1.2 ODU

ODU is the outdoor unit of the NR8000 split-type system. It delivers power
amplification and radio frequency (RF) conversion functions

NR8961 supports three types of ODU – SRU HRU and SRU2, ZTE and
Smartfren get the agreement , in this project ODU will use the SRU and SRU2.

 SRU: Normal transmit power ODU, operates in the frequency range of 6 to


42 GHz (6/7/8/10/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38/42 GHz), support QPSK to
4096 QAM modulation scheme and 7/14/28/40/56 MHz channel bandwidth
[Notes1]
.

 SRU2: 2nd generation normal transmit power ODU with smaller dimension
and less weight, supports QPSK to 4096 QAM modulation scheme and
[Note3]
7/14/28/40/56/112 MHz channel bandwidth . The frequency bands of

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page8


Internal Use Only▲

13 to 42 GHz are on the planning. SRU2 can reduce its power


consumption for 2 watts at least in green power mode in low Tx. power
status.

There are three important interfaces on the ODU:

 RF in/out interface (waveguide type) for connecting to antenna.

 IF in/out interface (N type) for connecting to modem board.

 RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) interface (BNC type) for RF


receiver signal monitoring.

Figure 2-3 SRU appearance and interfaces

RF in/out

IF in/out RSSI

Figure 2-4 SRU2 appearance and interfaces

RF
RF

RSSI IF

Antenna

Antennas directional transmit, converge, and receive electromagnetic wave signals


through parabolic reflectors.In this new project will use the dual antennas.

In this new project, ZTE will deploy NR8961 to support the Microwave network.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page9


Internal Use Only▲

Figure 2-5 NR8961 Application Scenarios

BSC
Ring

RNC

EPC

1
NR8960 1
NR8960 1
NR8960
RRU RRU RRU

Power
GE(O/E) Cable
Outdoor Outdoor Outdoor
BBU BBU BBU
-48 VD
-48 VDC -48 VDC power
Supply

1+0 2+0 XPIC 4× 4 MIMO

In this project ,we get the application link type and Scale from the HLD .

Table 2-1 Nationwide Deployment Quantity

CONFIG Qty

NR8961 1+0 200 07G 13

NR8961 1+0 200 08G 46

NR8961 1+0 200 11G 26

NR8961 1+0 200 13G 87

NR8961 1+0 200 15G 70

NR8961 1+0 200 23G 61

NR8961 2+0 400 07G 5

NR8961 2+0 400 08G 9

NR8961 2+0 400 11G 3

NR8961 2+0 400 13G 17

NR8961 2+0 400 15G 10

NR8961 2+0 400 23G 30

NR8961 3+0 600 07G 4

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page10


Internal Use Only▲

NR8961 3+0 600 08G 3

NR8961 3+0 600 13G 2

NR8961 3+0 600 15G 2

NR8961 3+0 600 23G 5

NR8961 4+0 800 07G 7

NR8961 4+0 800 08G 3

NR8961 4+0 800 15G 1

In total 404hops

Figure 2-6 System Composition

2.1.3 NR8961 OBU Introduction

The ZXMW NR8961 microwave system adopts compact architecture. All functionalities are
integrated in only one all outdoor unit including RF module and Baseband switch.

Figure 2-7 NR8961 OBU Interface

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page11


Internal Use Only▲

IF1 WiFi MO COMBO XGE2 GE4 PWR

IF2 MI XGE1 GE3 GE5&POE

Table 2-2 Interface Description

Interface Type Description

Female
IF signal input /output interface for channel 1 and
IF1/IF2 TNC
channel 2.
connector

Integrated Wi-Fi Antenna, supporting wireless access


Wi-Fi N/A
configuration and management

MI/MO QMA MIMO signal input and output interface

The port could be be configured as10 Gigabit Ethernet


port (optical) or extension functon port , such as PLA,
COMBO SFP
protection, MIMO Sychronizaiton+PLA, local
management.

The port could be be configured as Gigabit/10 Gigabit


XGE1/XGE2 SFP
Ethernet port (optical)

The port could be be configured as Gigabit Ethernet


GE3 SFP
port (optical)

1000 BaseT electrical interface (support PoE


GE4/GE5&POE RJ45
input[Note]).

2 pin
PWR -48 V DC supply for non-PoE scenario.
connector

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page12


Internal Use Only▲

Note:PoE input is supported in 1+0 configuration currently.

Table 2-3 Physical Interface Parameters

Capacity/
Interface Interface Type
Signal Impedance and Others
Name & Standards
Rate

RJ-45
10/100/1000 TIA/EIA-568-B.1-2001
GE 1000
BaseT Rate: 10/100/1000 Mbps self adaptive.
(electrical) Mbps
IEEE802.3ab Supports MDI/MDI-X.
RFC894

SFP LC
Wave length:
1000 Base-LX
GE 1000 1310/1550nm (single mode fiber)
1000 Base-SX
(optical) Mbps 850nm (multi-mode fiber)
IEEE802.3z
Rate: 1000 Mbps
RFC894

Wave length:
SFP+, LC
850/1310/1550 nm (single mode).
XGE 10GBase-LR/ER
10 Gbps Rate: 10 Gbps.
(optical) SFF-8431,
Frame format: Ethernet V2 (RFC894)
SFF-8432
and IEEE 802.3

2.1.4 ODU Introduction

 ODU is the outdoor unit of the NR8000 series. It delivers power amplification and radio
frequency (RF) conversion functions

 There are two types of ODU - SRU,SRU2. In this NEW project, ODU-SRU and
ODU-SRU2 will be used in the network.

 SRU: Normal transmit power ODU, operates in the frequency range of 6-42 GHz
(6/7/8/10/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38/42 GHz), support QPSK to 1024 QAM.

 There are three important interfaces on the ODU:

 RF in/out interface (waveguide type) for connecting to antenna.

 IF in/out interface (N type) for connecting to modem board.


All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page13
Internal Use Only▲

 RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) interface (BNC type) for RF receiver signal
monitoring.

Figure 2-8 SRU appearance and interfaces

RF in/out

RSSI IF in/out

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page14


Internal Use Only▲

3 Microwave Solution Description

3.1 MW Network Connectivity

Figure 3-1 MW Network Connectivity

3.1.1 Connection between microwave and Base station

 Traffic connection

 Traffic interface:

GE (electrical Interface)

 Connection mode:

The GE (electrical Interface) port5 on NR8961 OBU will be connected


to the base station directly with Auto Negotiation Mode.

NR8961 NodeB Auto Negotiation


 C
GbE5 ETH0 Yes
l
Clock synchronization

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page15


Internal Use Only▲

 Synchronous mode: GPS,no need to use Eth Syn and 1588V2

 DCN channel

 In-band DCN: DCN data and traffic data shall be assigned different
VLAN ID and integrated into one interface.

3.1.2 Connection between microwave and transmission equipment


(IP RAN or other Microwave)

 Traffic connection

 Traffic interface:

Traffic connection between microwave & Metro E via GE (electrical


Interface) interface.

 Connection mode:

The GE (electrical Interface) port4 on NR8961 OBU will be connected


to the Metro E equipment directly. And GE4 need to change to GE
traffic mode.

NR8961 NodeB Auto Negotiation

 C GbE4 ETH0 Yes


C
lock synchronization

 Synchronous mode: GPS,,no need to use Eth Syn and 1588V2

 DCN channel

 In-band DCN: DCN data and traffic data shall be assigned different
VLAN ID and integrated into one interface.

3.1.3 Connection between NR8961 and NR8961 on one site

 Traffic connection
All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page16
Internal Use Only▲

 Traffic interface:

Traffic connection between microwave & microwave (electrical


Interface) interface.

 Connection mode:

The GE (electrical Interface) port4 on NR8961-2 OBU will be


connected to the GE(electrical Interface) port5 on NR8961-1 directly.
And GE4 need to change to GE traffic mode.

NR8961-2 NR8961-1 Auto Negotiation

 C GbE4 GbE5 Yes


C
lock synchronization

 Synchronous mode: GPS,,no need to use Eth Syn and 1588V2

 DCN channel

 In-band DCN: DCN data and traffic data shall be assigned different
VLAN ID and integrated into one interface.

Commented [高1]: 规定 V 连接 IF1,H 连接 IF2


3.2 Typical Hop Configuration

Table 3-1 Microwave category configuration

Radio Model Type Configuration Capacity

NR8961 Full outdoor 1+0 200 Mbps

NR8961 Full outdoor 2+0 400 Mbps

NR8961 Full outdoor 3+0 600 Mbps

NR8961 Full outdoor 4+0 800 Mbps

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page17


Internal Use Only▲

High performance dual polarization and low profile antenna will be applied to all
configuration. The hardware installation of 1+0 is the same with 2+0 but we just
use one pair of frequency for 1+0, two pairs frequnency use for the 2+0.
Similarly, the hardware installation of 3+0 is the same with 4+0 but we just use
three pairs of frequency for 3+0.

3.2.1 Configuration for NR8961 1+0&2+0

NR8961 supports 2+0 configuration. When using XPIC, NR8961’s two RF channels
work at V and H polarization of same frequency pair. On the contrary, different
frequency pair will be used by NR8961 2+0 configuration without XPIC. Two ODUs
direct mount to the antenna by OMT. But in this project ,we will choose without XPIC
follow SF requirement.

Figure 3-2 1+0&2+0 OBU-ODU Direct Mount (SRU2)

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page18


Internal Use Only▲

Figure 3-3 1+0&2+0 OBU-ODU Remote Mount (SRU)

Remark: Please follow regulation which V polarization connection with IF1 port and H
polarization connection with IF2 port.

Table 3-2 1+0&2+0 configuration requirements per site

Configuration Requirements (PCS)


Components
1+0&2+0

OBU 1

SRU/SRU2 2

DP Antenna 1

IF Cable 2

OMT 1

3.2.2 Configuration for NR8961 3+0&4+0

NR8961 supports 4+0 configuration with two OBUs and four ODUs, which can be
applied in high capacity link. The two ODUs of each NR8961 with the same
polarization are installed to one coupler, and use the flexible waveguide to connect
the dual polarization antenna. In order to use the same type antenna in the project,
we use DP direct-mounting antenna and flange adapter for 3+0&4+0.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page19


Internal Use Only▲

Figure 3-2 3+0&4+0 OBU-ODU Direct Mount (SRU2)

Figure 3-3 3+0&4+0 OBU-ODU Remote Mount (SRU)

Table 3-3 3+0&4+0 configuration requirements per site

Configuration Requirements (PCS)


Components
3+0&4+0

OBU 2

SRU/SRU2 4

DP Antenna
1
(direct-mounting)

Flange Adapter 2

Coupler 2

Flexible Waveguide 2

IF Cable 4

Optical Fiber 2

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page20


Internal Use Only▲

Configuration Requirements (PCS)


Components
3+0&4+0

Optical Transceiver Module 2

Remark: Please follow regulation which V polarization connection with IF1 port
and H polarization connection with IF2 port.

3.3 Radio Link Design and Planning

3.3.1 Calculation of MW link requirement

CONFIG Qty

NR8961 1+0 200 07G 13

NR8961 1+0 200 08G 46

NR8961 1+0 200 11G 26

NR8961 1+0 200 13G 87

NR8961 1+0 200 15G 70

NR8961 1+0 200 23G 61

NR8961 2+0 400 07G 5

NR8961 2+0 400 08G 9

NR8961 2+0 400 11G 3

NR8961 2+0 400 13G 17

NR8961 2+0 400 15G 10

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page21


Internal Use Only▲

NR8961 2+0 400 23G 30

NR8961 3+0 600 07G 4

NR8961 3+0 600 08G 3

NR8961 3+0 600 13G 2

NR8961 3+0 600 15G 2

NR8961 3+0 600 23G 5

NR8961 4+0 800 07G 7

NR8961 4+0 800 08G 3

NR8961 4+0 800 15G 1

In total 404hops

Note: Link frequency can be adjusted during deployment according to the actual link
situation.

3.3.2 Link Annual Availability

Link annual availability in this project refer to 99.995% over a year for each new link,
which is based on Recommendation ITU-R P.530 algorithm. Above KPI is assigned to
the normal situation. If some unexpected situation affects the link KPI, SMARTFREN
and ZTE shall discuss the KPI and come to an agreement of KPI case by case.

3.3.3 Reliability Method

Reliability Method refer to ITU-R P.530-7/8 Recommendation will be used in link


calculation

3.3.4 Fade Margin

For each new link, the Fade Margin should be normally more than 30dB when
BER=10E-6.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page22


Internal Use Only▲

3.3.5 Frequency Interference Objective

The interference objective of threshold degradation shall be < -85 dB .

3.3.6 Planning Tool

Planning tool is using Pathloss 4.0 (Link Budget and Performance calculation)

3.3.7 Rain Region

Rain Region is refer to ITU Rain region: P, Rain Rate (R0.01): 145mm/h

3.3.8 Vegetation Height

The tree height will be considered as minimum 10 meters in nominal LOS checking.
The actual LOS status should be confirmed by LOS survey.

3.3.9 Tower Height

For new site, the maximum tower height is assumed as 40m in nominal LOS checking.
The actual LOS status should be confirmed by LOS survey.

3.3.10 Antenna Type

Antenna type to be used in this project are orthogonal, there are two types antenna in
this project , one antenna is combine with OMT use for the 1+0a&2+0, another
antenna is combine with adapter use for the 3+0&4+0.

3.3.11 Antenna Position

Antenna position need to follow Tssr report antenna high informaiton .

3.3.12 Antenna Diameter

Antenna size shall be 0.3m, 0.6m, 0.9m, 1.2m, 1.8m which is based on the design to
meet the link availability.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page23


Internal Use Only▲

3.3.13 Frequency Band

Frequency band to be use are 6/7/8/11/13/15/23/32 GHz in SmartFren project.

3.3.14 Channel Bandwidth

Channel bandwidth to be use 28MHz(6/7/8/13/15/23/32GHz)and 40MHz(11GHz)

3.3.15 Modulation

The modulation shall be based on 256QAM in microwave planning. Initial design has
to use 256QAM , open the ACM fuction and fmodulation from QPSK to 256QAM.

3.3.16 TX/RX Spacing

Table 3-4 T/R spacing

Frequency Tx/Rx Spacing

6G SRU 340 MHz

7G SRU 161 MHz

8G SRU 311.32 MHz

11G SRU 530 MHz

13G SRU2 266 MHz

15G SRU2 490 MHz

23G SRU2 1008 MHz

32G SRU 812 MHz

3.3.17 Existing Transmission

The microwave planning should be based on existing transmission and its optimization.
ZTE and SMARTFREN should discuss and agree with on a case by case basis of the
appropriate requirement.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page24


Internal Use Only▲

4 EMS Solution
ZTE provides the EMS solution to SMARTFREN to manage the NR8000 in exsiting
network. One set of U31 R58 for NR8000 located at Jakarta BSD Smatfren office, the
other set located at Surabaya core room. EMS will include hardware, software and
All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page25
Internal Use Only▲

client, For the MW NR8961 new project , We use the exsiting EMS server to monitor
NR 8961 , The exsiting EMS overall design concept as below:

Figure 4-1 EMS Overview

Service compatibility: As shown in the graph above, the traffic stream can be
configured with VLAN ID, such as VLAN 4 and VLAN5. ZTE MW Radio supports
all kinds of service interface, which can meets traffic interconnection requirement on
the data transmission .

Interconnection with 3rd party equipment: Traffic & EMS Interconnection NR8000
NE with Ceragon MW via 1 GE interface, (EMS in-band of traffic, differentiate with
VLAN ID. )

Configure NR8000 NE VLAN ID(such as VLAN1) and Cearagon NE VLAN ID(such


as VLAN 2) on interconnection port.

4.1 1+1 Geo Redundancy Solution (Remote


dual servers)
Figure 4-2 EMS 1+1 Redundancy

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page26


Internal Use Only▲

The Geo Redundancy EMS is provided in the exsiting project. One EMS Server
located in Jakarta, the other one Server located in Surabaya.

In remote cluster scheme (1+1 mode), the active and the standby EMS respectively
adopts one server as EMS server. It is generally composed of one active EMS server,
dual-machine disaster recovery software and one standby EMS server mode, the active
and the standby EMS are connected through special VPN.

4.2 EMS Server


The EMS server is located at the Network Operations Center (NOC). The EMS
provides fault, configuration, performance, and security management of the NR8000
equipment. It also provides remote client connections using web server service.
Following is the hardware of one set of U31 R58 sever

Table 4-1 U31 R58 Hardware

PC Server: (No HDD)4CPU 1.86GHz(or


SET 2
above)/Memory:32GB/4 ports/3 years warranty

HardDisk-D1:300GB(6G SAS,10K,2.5") piece 4

HBA Card-D3:8Gb Dual-Port FC HBA Card piece 4

Network Interface Card-D:Dual Ports 1Gb Enternet Adapter piece 4

Array Disk-D1:300GB(SAS,15K,3.5") piece 14

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page27


Internal Use Only▲

Disk Array-D:(No HDD)Dual Controller/12 3.5" HD Slots/8


Set 2
SAS Ports/2 Cache/4 SFP Module

DiskArray Expansion Cabinet-D:(No HDD)Double AC


Set 2
Power/600W

LC-LC Cable-D:2m pcs 4

Monitor-H:19.5" LCD 2

4 in 1 KVM: Interface:USB/Power:AC/LCD:17"/Port
KIT 2
number:8/signal cable:8 /3 year warranty

HDD PCS 24

Computer Client SET 2

Table 4-2 U31 R58 Software

NetNumen U31 Basic Software Set 2

Antivirus Software/EN/10 users/One Year Service KIT 1

NR8120D Management License Set 1266

NR8961 Management License Set 1000

FTP Inventory Management Set 2

FTP Performance Management Set 2

FTP Configuration Management Set 2

SNMP Fault Management Set 2

Batch Operation Set 1

U31 Service Management Set 1

U31 Client Set 2

Check Tool KIT 1

Skybility HADR(High Availability & Disaster Recovery) Set 2

ZTE NewStart CGSL V4 KIT 2

Oracle DB KIT 2

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page28


Internal Use Only▲

4.2.1 EMS Server Hardware Upgrade

For the exsiting EMS server memory is only 32G for one side which the capacity can
not support 5000 NE,Need to upgrade 32G to 80G.

4.2.2 EMS Server Software Upgrade

For the exsiting software is U31 V12.16.20 version which is too old and can not
monitor NR8961 , so need to upgrade version to U31 R58 V12.18.10 version .

Upgrade Step :

1) Check the exsiting EMS environment which is match upgrade or not

2) Upgrade EMS hardware memory 32G to 80G

3) Change the exsiting EMS installation mode 7 to mode 6

4) Upgrade U31 R58 V12.16.20 version to U31 R58 V12.18.10

4.3 NBI Solution


Figure 4-3 U31 R58 NBI overview

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page29


Internal Use Only▲

Supporting NBI interfaces

SNMP: Supporting FM, in compliance with SNMPv2, SNMPv2c and SNMPv3

FTP/DB: Supporting CM, PM, IM

4.4 DCN Solution


To manage various devices in a stable way, a reliable EMS channel must be provided
for the EMS. U31 supports in-band and out-of-band methods to manage the devices.
The two modes can be chosen flexibly according to requirements of the current
network.

In-band management refers to configure dependent EMS channel such as VLAN to


communicate with the EMS server, the management information and the service
information are transmitted together through the upper port. In-band management does
not need separate connection and carries on convenient data isolation through VLAN.

Out-of-band management refers to connect to IP network through independent FE


management and communicate through FE interface and EMS server. In many
applications, it is required to adopt completely dependent out-of-band channel for
device management to ensure security and reliability of device configuration.

According to the network planning result, all the microwave elements will be divided
into several regions. Each region has a IP_RAN node to aggragate microwave traffic
and send them to FO network. In this new project ,we choose In-band management to
monitor NR8961 NE.

4.4.1 DCN Solution with IP RAN

Figure 4-4 DCN Solution with IP RAN

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page30


Internal Use Only▲

MW EMS Server

IPBB LTE CE2 IPBB LTE CE1

IPBB LTE PE2 IPBB LTE PE1

FO FO

IPRAN Core

FO

MW IPRAN Site IPRAN Site MW

FO FO

IPRAN Site

MW

Step. Description

1 Connectivity from IP_RAN Core to IP_RAN Site in FO network is to be


designed and implemented.

2 IP_RAN Site are to be designed as gateway in each microwave area

3 The number of IDUs in each area will be calculated in terms of radio planning
result

4 The IP network segment in each area is to be planned in terms of the number of


IDUs above and future expansion requirement.

5 IPRAN_Core is to be reserved for Route IP for IP_RAN Site

6 The remaining host IP addresses in each area are to be allocated in each IDU of
each area.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page31


Internal Use Only▲

7 NMS VLAN will be define to each area. This VLAN is not to be shared with
any other service.

Table 4-3 DCN Planning Steps

4.4.2 DCN Solution with NR8120

Figure 4-5 DCN of IP Networking (only ZTE)

4.4.3 DCN Solution with other Venders

Figure 4-6 Networking with Other Vendors

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page32


Internal Use Only▲

Note:

- ZTE equipment and other vendor equipment should use different


network segment and different vlan.

- When the network management information to be through other


vendor’s equipment, the other side should provide 2M bandwidth
ETH.

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page33


Internal Use Only▲

5 Hardware Installation

5.1 NR8961 Hardware Installation Preparation

5.1.1 Tool Preparation

Figure 5-1 Tools preparation

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page34


Internal Use Only▲
Name Example Name Example

Antistatic wrist glove Antistatic wrist strap

Wire stripper Crimper

Crystal-connector crimper Wire punchdown tool

Hex wrench Screwdriver

Spanner Claw hammer

Plier Crowbar

Paper knife Telescope

Pulley Hoisting cable

Hand file Marking pen

Waterproof cement PVC insulating tape

Tape Sleeve

Grounding resistance
Multimeter
tester

Compass GPS

Percussion drill Vacuum cleaner

Horizontal ruler Lubricant -

5.1.2 Data and Document preparation

Based on microwave new installation procedure, information collection and analysis


are the first step. Before network swap, the following data/document is requested to be
ready.

Table 5-1 Requested Database before implementation

No Item Description

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page35


Internal Use Only▲

1 Existing network Topology Existing network Topology

2 Existing network configuration Existing network configuration database

3 Link design information Link design datebase

4 Link IP/VLAN plan Link IP/VLAN allocation database

5 TSSR/CAF/Design Pack TSSR/CAF/Design Pack signed off and


get approval from customer

Note:

1. The new installation will take a considerably high risk of failure if existing topology
and IP/VLAN configuration or cable cross-connection is not fully clear.

2. After getting information above, ZTE will prepare the detailed design for
implementation.

5.2 NR8961 OBU and ODU Installation

5.2.1 2+0 Installation(with SRU2)

Prerequisite

The OMT polarization modes are the same as that of the SRU2.

Figure 5-2 Installation Components and Tools in 2+0(with SRU2)

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page36


Internal Use Only▲

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page37


Internal Use Only▲

1.Install the SRU2 on to the OBU bracket 2 and fasten the screws,see the Figure 5-3

Figure 5-3 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on SRU2

2.Install the OBU onto the OBU bracket 2 and fasten the screws,see Figure 5-4

Figure 5-4 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on OBU

3.Install the OBU bracket1 on the OBU bracket 2 and fasten the screws,see Figure 5-5

Figure 5-5 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on OBU bracket 1

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page38


Internal Use Only▲

4.Align the adapter screws with SRU2 screw holes, insert and fasten the screws, see
the Figure 5-4

Figure 5-4 Installing SRU2 to an SRU2 adapter

5.Apply a lubricant on the antenna interface of the SRU2, the waveguide interface of
the antenna, and the OMT interface,see Figure 5-5

Figure 5-5 Applying Lubricant

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page39


Internal Use Only▲

6.Use M6 captive screws, spring washers, and flat washers to install the OMT on the
feeder source of the antenna, see Figure 5-6

Figure 5-6 Installing the OMT

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page40


Internal Use Only▲

7.Install two SRU2 on the two sides of the OMT,see Figure 5-7

Figure 5-7 Installing SRU2

8.Install two IF cables between SRU2 and OBU, see Figure 5-8
All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page41
Internal Use Only▲

Figure 5-8 Installing IF cables

5.2.2 2+0 Installation(with SRU)

1.Install OBU on the pole

1) Install a mount assembly on the pole, see Figure 5-9

Figure 5-9 Installing amount assembly

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page42


Internal Use Only▲

2) Install a bracket on the NR8961, see Figure 5-10.

Figure 5-10 Installing a bracket

3) Insert the tenons of the bracket into the notches of the mount assembly. Use an M6 Allen

hex wrench to fasten the captive screws on the bracket, see Figure 5-11.

Figure 5-11 Install bracket and mount assembly

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page43


Internal Use Only▲

2.Use M6 captive screws, spring washers, and flat washers to install the OMT on the
feeder source of the antenna,and then install two SRUs on the sides of the OMT.

Figure 5-12 Installing OMT

3.Connect the SRUs and OBU through two IF cables, see Figure 5-13

Figure 5-13 SRU 2+0 Direct installation Completed

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page44


Internal Use Only▲

5.2.3 4+0 Separate Installation(with SRU2)

Figure 5-14 Installation Components and Tools in 4+0(with SRU2)

1.Install the two SRU2 installation brackets on the pole. See Figure 5-15

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page45


Internal Use Only▲

Figure 5-15 Installingthe ODU installation brackets

2.Install the two combiners on the two ODU installation brackets respectively, see
Figure 5-16 Installing the two combiners

3.Install the SRU2 on to the OBU bracket 2 and fasten the screws,see the Figure 5-17

Figure 5-17 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on SRU2

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page46


Internal Use Only▲

4.Install the OBU onto the OBU bracket 2 and fasten the screws,see Figure 5-18

Figure 5-18 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on OBU

5.Install the OBU bracket1 on the OBU bracket2 and fasten screws,see Figure 5-19

Figure 5-19 Installing the OBU bracket 2 on OBU bracket 1

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page47


Internal Use Only▲

6.Align the adapter screws with SRU2 screw holes, insert and fasten the screws, see
the Figure 5-20

Figure 5-20 Installing SRU2 to an SRU2 adapter

7.Install the four SRU2 on the two combiners respectively, see Figure 5-21

Figure 5-21 Installing SRU2 to combiners

8.Connect the UDR ends of the two flexible waveguides to the antenna and the PDR
ends of the two flexible waveguide to the two SRU2 installation brackets
respectively.And then install four IF cable between SRU2 and OBUs , see Figure 5-22

Figure 5-22 Installing waveguide

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page48


Internal Use Only▲

9.Fix the flexible waveguide with a clamp(if the waveguide legth longer than 0.6m),
apply a lubricant on the flexible waveguide surface, and label the two ends of the
fxexible waveguide.

10.Install the Eth cable and PLA cable, see Figure 5-23

Figure 5-23 Installing other cables

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page49


Internal Use Only▲

5.2.4 4+0 Separate Installation(with SRU)

1.Install OBU on the pole

1) Install a mount assembly on the pole, see Figure 5-24

Figure 5-24 Installing amount assembly

2) Install a bracket on the NR8961, see Figure 5-25.

Figure 5-25 Installing a bracket

3) Insert the tenons of the bracket into the notches of the mount assembly. Use an M6 Allen

hex wrench to fasten the captive screws on the bracket, see Figure 5-26.

Figure 5-26 Install bracket and mount assembly

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page50


Internal Use Only▲

2.Install the four SRUs on the two combiners respectively.

3.Connect the UDR ends of the two flexible waveguide to the antenna and the PDR
ends of the two flexible waveguide to the two SRUs installation brackets respectively.

4.Install the IF cables between the SRUs and OBUs, see Figure 5-27

Figure 5-27 Installation Completed(with SRUs)

5.Fix the flexible waveguide with a clamp(if the waveguide legth longer than 0.6m),
apply a lubricant on the flexible waveguide surface, and label the two ends of the
fxexible waveguide.

6.Install the Eth cable and PLA cable, see Figure 5-28

Figure 5-28 Installing other cables

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page51


Internal Use Only▲

5.3 Cable Installation

5.3.1 Cable installation view

Figure 5-29 Cable installation view

5.3.2 Installing the Grouding Cable

The grouding cable is a yellow-green multi-grand fire-resistant wire with the


cross-sectional area being 16 mm2 . A double-hole terminal is used to connnect the

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page52


Internal Use Only▲

device, and a single-hole terminal ground. For how to fibricate a grounding cable,see
Figure 5-30

Figure 5-30 Fibricate a grounding cable

1.Connect the device end of the grounding cable to the grounding point of the
NR8961, see Figure 5-31

Figure 5-31 Fibricate a grounding cable

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page53


Internal Use Only▲

2.Connect the grounding end of the cable to the grounding bar.

3.Make lables on both ends of the grounding cable.

5.3.3 Installing the Power Cable

The power cable needs to be processed and assembled on the site.

1. Crimp tube terminal

a. Peel off the shield layer at the end of the power cable. For the peeled cable size,
see Figure 5-32

Figure 5-32 Peeled Cable Size

b. Insert the cable to a tube terminal,see Figure 5-33.After the cable is inserted,
0.5mm-1mm of the core should be exposed.

Figure 5-32 Peeled Cable Size

c. Crimp the cable properly with crimping pliers,see Figure 5-33

Figure 5-33 Crimping a Terminal

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page54


Internal Use Only▲

2. Fabricate the cable connectors

1) Pass the power cable with a crimped cube terminal through the outer cable
jacket,rubber plug, and inner cable jacket in turn,see Figure 5-34

Figure 5-34 Passing Through the Cable Jacket

2) Insert the special tools into the pressing holes at the top of the DC power cable
connector,press the tool until the clamp springs are opened, connect the power
cable ,and loosen the tool,see Figure 5-35

Figure 5-35 Connecting the Power cable core

3) Insert the power connector to the power interface, see Figure 5-36

Figure 5-36 Connecting the Power cable core

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page55


Internal Use Only▲

4) Fix the cable jackets, see Figure 5-37

Figure 5-37 Fix the cable jackets

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page56


Internal Use Only▲

5) Connect the other end of the power

5.3.4 Installing the Ethernet Cable

1. Cut the Ethernet cable in proper length in accordance with the engineering survey
requirements.

2. Fabricate the Ethernet cable and add lables on both ends of the Ethernet cable.

3. Reserve an end long enough for operation, Lay the Ethernet cable from the
installation position on the NR8961 to the equipment room.

4. Install the waterproof protective tube to the Ethernet cable, see Figure 5-38

Figure 5-38 Installing the Waterproof protactive Tube

5.Push the waterproof protective tube upwards, fasten the screws and fixing nuts, see Figure
5-39

Figure 5-38 Installing tube on NR8961

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page57


Internal Use Only▲

6.Connect the other end of the Ethernet cable to the local maintenance terminal or the port.

5.3.5 Installing the Optical Cable

1. Pass the optical fiber through the outer cable jacket, rubber plug, inner cable jacket,
and tensile piece in turn, see Figure 5-40

Figure 5-40 Installing the Optical Fiber Jacket

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page58


Internal Use Only▲

2. Insert the optical fiber connector into the corresponding interface until you hear a
click, see Figure 5-41

Figure 5-41 Installing the Optical Fiber connector

3. Fix the optical fiber assembly, see Figure 5-42

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page59


Internal Use Only▲

5.3.6 Installing the IF Cable

1. Make the IF cable, see Figure 5-43

Figure 5-43 Installing the IF Cable

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page60


Internal Use Only▲

2. Make connnectors of the IF jumper and the IF cable, After the connectors are made,
take appropriate protection measures to protect the connectors from being damaged
during the hoisting or cabling process.

3. Paste temporary lables at the two ends of the IF cables.

4. Connect the other end of the IF cable to the IF interface of the OBU, and fasten
it,see Figure 5-44

Figure 5-43 Installing the IF Cable

5. Waterproof the interfaces of the OBU and IF cables.

6 Glossary & Abbreviation

Abbreviation Full Name

ACAP Adjacent Channel Alternate-Polarized

ACCP Adjacent Channel Co-Polarized

ACM Adaptive Coding and Modulation

ADM Add-Drop MUX

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page61


Internal Use Only▲

ARP Address Resolution Protocol

BC Boundary Clock

BER Bit Error Rate

BITS Building Integrated Timing (Supply) System

BTS 2G base station

CAR Committed Access Rate

CBS Committed Burst Size

CCDP Co-Channel Dual-Polarization

CES Circuit Emulation Service

CESoETH Circuit Emulation Service over Ethernet

Ch.STM-1 Channelized STM-1

CIR Committed Information Rate

CS Channel Spacing

DEM Demodulator

DEMUX Demultiplexer

DSCP Differentiated Services Code Point

DWRR Deficit Weighted Round-Robin

DXC Digital Cross Connect

EDI External Data Interface

ELPS Ethernet Linear Protection Switching

EMC Electro Magnetic Compatibility

EMS Element Management System

EOW Engineering Order Wire

ERPS Ethernet Ring Protection Switching

ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute

EVC Ethernet Virtual Connection

FD Frequency Diversity

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page62


Internal Use Only▲

FE Fast Ethernet

FRR Fast Reroute

FTP File Transfer Protocol

GbE / GE Gigabit Ethernet

HQoS Hierarchical Quality of Service

HSB Hot Standby

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol

IEC International Electro Technical Commission

IDU Indoor Unit

IF Intermediate Frequency

IS-IS Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System

ITU International Telecommunication Union

ITU-R Radio Standardization Sector of ITU

ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU

IVL Independent Vlan Learning

IWF Inter-working Function of TDM to Ethernet frames

LAG Link Aggregation

LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol

LCPT Link Capacity Pass-Through

Media Dependent Interface/ Medium Dependent Interface


MDI/MDI-X
Cross-over

MEF Metro Ethernet Forum

MEN Metro Ethernet Network

MIMO Multiple Input Multiple Output

MPLS Multi Protocol Label Switching

MSP Multiplex Section Protection

MTBF Mean Time Between Failure

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page63


Internal Use Only▲

MUX Multiplexing

NE Network Element

NMS Network Management System

NNI Network Node Interface

Node B 3G base station

OAM Operation Administration and Maintenance

OC Ordinary Clock

ODU Outdoor Unit

OMT Orthogonal Mode Transducer

OSPF Open Shortest Path First

PBS Peak Burst Size

PIR Peak Information Rate

PIS Packet Intelligent Segment

PSN Packet Switch Network

PTP Precision Time Protocol

QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

QoS Quality of Service

QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

RBER Residual Bit Error Ratio

RCU Radio Core Unit

RED Random Early Detection

RF Radio Frequency

RFA Radio Fan Asset

RMU Radio Modem Unit

RPU Radio Power Unit

RSL Receiver threshold

RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page64


Internal Use Only▲

RSSI Received Signal Strength Indication

RTU Radio Traffic Unit

Rx Receiver

SD Space Diversity

SFP Small Form-factor Pluggable transceiver

SNCP Sub Network Connection Protection

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SSM Synchronization Status Message

SVL Shared VLAN Learning

Sync Synchronization

Sync. E Synchronization Ethernet

TC Transparent Clock

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

TDM Time-Division Multiplexing

ToD Time of Day

ToS Type of Service

Tx Transmitter

UDP User Datagram Protocol

UNI User Network Interface

USB Universal Serial Bus

VLAN Virtual Local Area Network

WFQ Weighted Fair Queuing

WRR Weighted Round Robin

WRED Weighted Random Early Detection

XPIC Cross-Polarization Interference Counter actor

All rights reserved. No spreading without permission of ZTE. Page65