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1. Another term for ‘'Corona’' discharge.

- aurora
2. What is the smallest element of a matter. - atom
3. An energy band in which electrons can move freely. - Conduction band
4. The energy gap for semi-conductors made of silicon is. - Eg= 1.1 eV
5. Steel is hard to magnetize because of its. - Low permeability
6. When the relative permeability of a material is slightly more than 1, it is called ___ material. -
Paramagnetic material
7. Amount of additional energy required for electronic emission of metals. - Work function
8. Which of the following electric quantities is vector in character? - Field
9. If the solenoid is gripped by the right hand with the fingers pointing to the direction of the
current flow, the outstretched thumb will then point the north pole. This is known as. - Helix
rule
10. The force between two magnetic poles is ___ their poles strength. - directly proportional to
11. The space outside the magnet where its poles have a force of attraction or repulsion on
magnetic pole is called. - Magnetic field
12. Approximate diameter of an atom. 10x^10m
13. The atomic number of an element is determined by the number of. - protons
14. If a right-handed bottle opener cork screw is assumed to be along the conductor so as to
advance in the direction of current flow, the motion of the handle will indicated the direction of
magnetic flux produced around the conductor. This is known as. - Cork screw rule
15. Why is the resistance of a conductor different for RF current than for DC? - Because of the skin
effect
16. Magnetic intensity is a. - Vector quantity
17. Approximate diameter of a Hydrogen atom. - 1.1x10^-10m
18. A germanium atom has an atomic weight of 72. How many neutrons are these. - 40
19. An alloy of 22 percent iron and 78 percent nickel. - Permalloy
20. The amount of time between the creation and disappearance of a free electron. - Lifetime
21. It refers to any of the over 100 different substances which have never been separated into
simpler substances by chemical means and which alone or in combination constitute all matter.
- Element
22. Approximately, how many electrons that could equal the mass of a single proton or neutron? -
1,836
23. Defined as the number of lines per unit area through any substance in a plane at right angles to
the line of force. - Flux density
24. ______ solid has no defined crystal structure except perhaps in the arrangement of the nearest
neighboring atoms or ions. - Amorphous
25. A group of magnetically aligned atoms is called. - Domain
26. The reason why electrons are not pulled into the nucleus of an atom. - because of the
centrifugal or outward force created by their orbital motion.
27. The nucleus of a copper atom contains how many protons? - 29
28. The greater the diameter of a wire, the ________ is the resistance. - Lesser
29. In electromagnetism, what law that determine the polarity of an induced voltage? - Lenz’ law
30. As the magnetic intensity decreases, the relative permeability of a magnetic material. - Increases
31. Permanent magnets can be found in. - Earphones
32. The force acting on a unit n-pole placed at that point is called. - Magnetic field intensity
33. The magnetic field around the conductor is determined by the. - Amount of current
34. Bonding of atoms that is due to the attraction between positive ions and a group of negative
ions. - Metallic bonding
35. The nucleus of an atom is normally. - Neutral
36. The emf induced in a coil due to the changing current of another neighboring coil is called. -
Mutually induced emf
37. A factor used to correct for electrostatic forces of the more distant ions in an ionic solid. -
Madelung constant
38. An electron in the conduction band. - has higher energy than the electron in the valence band.
39. The emf induced in a coil due to the change it its own flux linked with it is called. - Self-induced
emf
40. Charge of an electron is approximately equal to. - (-1.6022x10^-19 C)
41. The unit Ampere is equivalent to. - One Coulomb/ second
42. A magnetizing force of 1000 At/m will produce a flux density of _______ in air. - 1.257
mWb/sq.m
43. When charges are forced to move by the electric field of a potential difference, ____ current is
said to flow. - drift
44. The eight electrons which are tightly held by the atom are called. - Bound electrons
45. The bigger the diameter of the wire. - more current can pass
46. _________ solid has no defined crystal structure except perhaps in the arrangement of the
nearest neighboring atoms or ions. - Amorphous
47. What is the SI unit of magnetic flux? - Weber
48. Which of the following is considered as the best conductor? - Gold
49. ________ is the procedure by which an atom is given a net charge by adding or taking away
electron. - Ionization.
50. The atomic weight of an element is determined by the number of. - protons and neutrons
51. The straight line passing through the two poles of a magnet is called – Magnetic axis
52. Amount of additional energy required for electronic emission of metals. - Work function
53. A law stating that the magnetic susceptibility of most paramagnetic substances are inversely
proportional to their absolute temperature. - Curie’s law
54. When a conductor is stationary and the magnetic field is moving or changing, the emf induced is
called. - Statically induced emf
55. Given an atomic structure of a certain material, what data can you determine out from it? - all of
them
56. Approximate mass at rest of a proton is ___ to that of a neutron. - equal
57. What law that describes the force of attraction or repulsion between two charges is directly
proportional to their strength and inversely proportional to the square of distance between
them? - Coulombs law/ law of electrostatics
58. Hydrogen is an example of a _________ material. - Diamagnetic
59. When current in a conductor increases, Lenz’ law states that the self-induced potential will. -
produced current opposite to the increasing current.
60. What is the atomic number of Copper? - 29
61. Defined as the ratio of the volume occupied by the atoms or ions in a unit cell divided by the
volume of the unit cell and is used to measure the compactness of a crystal. - Atomic Packing
Factor (APF)
62. What type of bond is formed when there exists some form of collective interactions between
the (negatively charged) electrons and the ( positively charged) nuclei in a solid? - Metallic
63. Why is it that the magnitude of the magnetomotive force required for air gap is much greater
than that required for iron part of magnetic circuit? - because air has the lowest relative
permeability.
64. A nuclei with common number of protons, but with different number of neutrons. - Isotopes
65. Lenz’ law states that the direction of the induced emf and hence current. - always opposes the
cause producing it.
66. What is the diameter of an atom? - 10^-10 m
67. A term used to describe the outermost shell of an atom. - Valence shell
68. Cobalt is an example of a ____________ material. - Ferromagnetic
69. Which of the following is used by permanent magnets as the magnetic material? - Hardened
steel
70. It is composed of series of energy levels containing the valence electrons. - Valence band
71. Valence orbit is the other term for. - outer orbit
72. The science of adapting electronics to aerospace flight. - Astrionics
73. Is the quantity of magnetizing force needed to counter balance the residual magnetism of a
magnetic material. - Coercivity
74. Permeance of a magnetic circuit is _________ the cross-sectional area of the circuit. - directly
proportional to
75. A law relating between the magnetic and electric susceptibilities and the absolute temperatures
which is followed by ferromagnets, antiferromagnets, non-polar ferroelectrics, anti-
ferroelectrics and some paramagnets. - Curie-Weiss law
76. Another term for corona discharge. - Aurora
77. What is the reluctance of a magnetic path having a length of 2 x 10^-3m and cross-sectional area
of 2.5 x 10^-3 sq.m. The relative permeability is 100. - 6366 A-t/Wb
78. The ability of a material to conduct magnetic flux through it. - Permeability
79. Refers to the magnetic lines of force. - flux
80. The property of a material which opposes the creation of a magnetic flux in it. - Reluctance
81. Who demonstrated the theory of electromagnetic induction in 1831? - Michael Faraday
82. When the current flows, the magnetic field about a conductor is in what direction? - in the
direction determined by the left hand rule
83. It is the reciprocal of reluctance and implies the ease of readiness with which magnetic flux is
developed. - Permeance
84. Back emf refers to the. - Voltage opposing the applied emf
85. The science of adapting the electronics to aerospace flight. - Astrionics
86. Particle of zero charge and zero mass. - Neutrinos
87. It is composed of series of energy levels containing the valence electrons. - Valence band
88. The force acting on a unit n-pole placed at that point is called. - Magnetic field intensity
89. A one cubic cm of copper has how many free electrons at room temperature? - 8.5 x 10^22
90. An insulating element or material has capability of __________. - Preventing short circuit
between two conducting wires
91. The unit of flux is ________ in cgs system. - Maxwell
92. When the ferromagnetic substance is inserted in a current-carrying solenoid, the magnetic field
is . - greatly increased.
93. The measure of density of an electric charge. - Electric Potential
94. Electric flux is a/an ___________ quantity. - Scalar
95. Formed when there exist distant electronic interactions between (opposite) charges present in
the neighboring atoms or molecules. - Van der Waals bond
96. When charges are forced to move by the electric field of a potential difference, _____ current is
said to flow. - Drift
97. The atomic number of an element is determined by the number of. - Protons
98. An electrical insulator can be made a conductor by. - ionizing
99. Gases with charged particles. - Plasma
100. Who discovered that a current-carrying conductor would move when placed in a
magnetic field? - Michael Faraday