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By:

General Conference
Health Ministries Depa
Copyright © 2003

Seventh-day Adventist General Conference Corporation SDAs


Produced by the General Conference Health Ministries Department
All rights reserved
The temple of our purity.

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Joe Has Lost His Job Again !

• He fell into hard


times, his family
suffered. Two of
his three children
became alcoholics.

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• His personal health
suffered; not even the
diagnosis of cancer
of the larynx was
sufficient to motivate
Joe to stop smiling
and drinking.

• Joe would say: “I can control tobacco and alcohol; they are
not my boss.” The sad story of his life tells otherwise.
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• A definition of
temperance stated in
Webster’s Dictionary
is: “Moderation in
action, thought or
feeling, moderation or
abstinence from
intoxicating drink.”

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Definition of Temperance:

Another definition of
temperance is, “True
temperance teaches us
to dispense entirely
with everything hurtful
and to use judiciously
that which is healthful.”

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Temperance Means :
• Temperance therefore
means abstinence from
things bad for us and
moderation in
things that are
good.

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• Alcohol is a legal
yet addictive
substance that
we need to avoid
totally.

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• It is estimated that up to 15 percent of those who
use alcohol will become either problem drinkers
or actual alcoholics.
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• Alcohol is a chemical compound known as ethyl
alcohol, or ethanol. It is the amount of ethanol,
regardless of where it came from that brings the
adverse consequences.

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• There is roughly half an ounce (15 grams)
of pure ethanol in each of the following.

1 ½ ounce of 80%-proof liquor


5 ounces of wine
12 ounces of beer

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The measurement of blood
alcohol is
expressed in
milligrams (mg)
per deciliter.

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Intoxication is correlated with the blood
alcohol levels as follows:
• <10 mg/dl (<0.01%) no measurable intoxication
• >10 mg/dl (>0.01%) measurable intoxication
• 20 mg/dl ( 0.02%) mellow feeling
• 50 mg/dl ( 0.05%) social high
• 80 mg/dl ( 0.08%) reduced coordination (legal level
of intoxication)
• 100 mg/dl (0.10%) noticeably impaired coordination
• 200 mg/dl (0.20%) confusion
• 300 mg/dl (0.30%) loss of consciousness
• >400 mg/dl (0.40%) coma, death

Many people drink alcohol for its effects.


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These “good” feelings are a direct result of the
effect of alcohol on the frontal lobe of the brain,
which is the seat of inhibition, reasoning, powers,
memory, and judgment.
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• In the stomach the
enzyme alcohol
dehydrogenase, breaks
down some 15% of
ingested alcohol. The
85% of the alcohol is
converted in the liver.
Females typically become
more intoxicated on a
given amount of alcohol
than males.
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• The immune system is damaged. Increasing the
risk of bacterial or viral infections:
 risk for cancers of the mouth,
larynx,lung, esophagus, stomach, liver,
breast, and rectum.
Gastrointestinal problem.
Brain cells die at an increased rate.
Alcohol raises blood pressure.
Alcohol raises the risk of stroke.
Alcohol is clearly linked to several
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• Alcohol is the leading cause of preventable mental
retardation. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome has three major
problems:

 A tendency to lag behind


in physical growth.
Evidence of brain
involvement with
intellectual impairment.
A characteristic set of
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The question as
to whether there
is a need to
drink or not.
Answer is a
resounding NO!

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• More than 100,000
deaths per year in the
U.S. Alcohol is second
only to tobacco as a
cause of premature
deaths is the third
leading cause of death.

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Dr. Sydney Cohen
described alcohol as
“the most dangerous
drug on earth” The
direct economic and
medical cost of
alcoholic beverage in
the U.S. alone is
estimated to be over 20
billion dollars per year.

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• What about the evidence proclaimed by the
media and medical journals that alcohol has
positive cardiovascular health.
Alcohol has been
shown in observational
studies to have some
benefits. It is most
important to note that
the benefits were not
observed in young
people.
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• The Negative effects are so significant,
including the catastrophic risk of addiction.

Experts state that


the risk-to-benefit
ratio is not sufficient
to warrant advising
those who do not
drink alcohol to start.

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• Between 1975 and 1986, the U.S. National Institute
on Drug Abuse surveyed high school seniors,
regarding experimentation with illicit drugs and
alcohol.

Smokers Non-Smokers
Illicit drugs 95% 27%
Marijuana 94% 20%
Cocaine 49% 5%
Alcohol 18.4% 1.7%
Heavy drinking 67.9% 17.2%

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Students who
are smokers are
more likely to try
illicit drugs
compared to non-
smoking
students.
Tobacco is
therefore called a
“gateway drug.”
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• Tobacco use is a major and preventable cause of
disease and premature death. It is responsible for
nearly one in five deaths in the United States.

It now accounts for 5 million deaths per year


worldwide!
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• The annual medical cost of smoking constitute 6 to
8 percent of all American personal health expenses.

This cost do not include:


costs of burns from tobacco-
related fires, prenatal care for
low-birth-weight infants of
smoking mothers, nor
indirect cost, such as work
loss, sick days, and loss in
productivity.

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• There are more than
4,800 chemicals in
tobacco smoke, 69 of
them are carcinogenic
(cancer initiator). These
include N-nitrosamine,
polynuclear aromatic
hydrocarbons.
There are at least 300 known
poisons in tobacco smoke
including nicotine, arsenic,
radon, cyanide, phenol, DDT,
asbestos, benzene, carbon
monoxide, and formaldehyde.
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• The three most harmful chemicals in
cigarettes are nicotine, tar, and carbon
monoxide.

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• Nicotine is a
stimulant to the:
Heart - increases blood
pressure, heart rate, and
oxygen demand;
Nervous System – It
binds to and stimulates
brain cells. This effect is
present within seven
seconds of the first puff.
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• Chemicals in cigarette
smoke have been linked
to the formation of
arteriosclerosis (fatty
deposits in the vessel
walls). The two most
Formation
Of significant are nicotine
Arteriosclerosis
and carbon monoxide;
nicotine damages the
cells of the artery wall
causing various
diseases.

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• If blockage or
narrowing of blood
vessels takes, place, a
smoker may suffer from
a variety of problems:

hypertension
aneurysm or (bulging of the aorta)
circulatory deficiencies.
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• A shortage of oxygen to Heart Muscle Will Die
the heart, angina, may be
experienced. If the artery
is totally blocked, a
portion of heart muscle
will die, and the
individual suffers a heart
attack. This disease
process is much more
frequent in smokers.

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• Obstruction in the blood vessel of the brain causes a
stroke. It can be either ischemic (blood supply to the brain
is cut off) or hemorrhagic (blood vessel bursts, allowing
blood to leak into an area of the brain and destroy it).

Symptoms
appear on the side
of the body
opposite the
damage side of the
brain.

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• Accelerates development of arteriosclerosis.
• Once the hemoglobin in the red blood cells
binds with carbon monoxide, the capacity to
carry oxygen is diminished.
•The cells in the body
are relatively deprived
of oxygen.
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• Immune defenses of
smokers are lowered,
they may suffer from a
variety of problems
ranging from influenza to
cancers in sites other
than the respiratory track
normally eliminated by
an adequately
functioning immune
system.
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• Cigarette smoking is a major cause of cancer. Thirty
percent of all cancer deaths are attributable to smoking.

Lung, trachea & bronchus 90%

Larynx 84%
Oral cavity (lip, tongue, 92%
mouth, pharynx)
Esophagus 78%
Other cancers Pancreas 29%
Bladder 47%
Kidney 48%
Stomach and
cervix
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• Other problems caused by
smoking:
headaches
smokers suffer from influenza three
times more than non-smokers.
a degree of infertility in the female
and male.
bronchitis and emphysema
premature aging
halitosis (foul breath)
gingivitis; an inflammation of the
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• True temperance is not only avoiding the use of
these drugs because they destroy our health, but
also to use in moderation the healthful things.

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• Too much sleep is detrimental to your health. E.C.
Hammond discovered the lowest death rate was that
in those men averaging around seven to eight hours
of sleep per night, had the lowest death rate, those
who either skimped on sleep or spent too
much time sleeping in bed, died
at a younger age.

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•Though a
source of vitamin
D, excess
sunlight can
become a cancer
promoting agent.

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• Excessive exercise
to the point of
exhaustion, can
have a negative
effect.
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•Though a God-given gift, is often
abused.
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•Though essential may be taken in excess,
resulting in obesity or even restricted when it
can result in deficiencies.
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• Therefore, practice temperance, or God-given
self-control, in even healthful practices.

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The Lord our Creator knows in order to have a healthy
body, one must avoid the intake of any poisons.
Never start using tobacco, alcohol, or other illicit
drugs. If you are a user, quit totally.
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• The Bible gives the secret of successfully living a
drug-free life, “Let this mind be in you, which was
also in Christ Jesus: (Phil. 2:5, NKJV).

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• “True temperance
teaches us to
dispense entirely
with everything
hurtful and to use
judiciously that
which is
healthful.”
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God has promised
to give us success
in all things
including living a
healthy lifestyle. I
can do all things
through Christ
who strengthen
me” (Phil. 4:13, NKJV).

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So God can fill our lives with

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The En
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