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PROBLEM 12.6

Determine the maximum theoretical speed that an automobile starting from rest can reach after traveling 400 m. Assume that the coefficient of static friction is 0.80 between the tires and the pavement and that (a) the automobile has front-wheel drive and the front wheels support 62 percent of the automobile's weight, (b) the automobile has rear-wheel drive and the rear wheels support 43 percent of the automobile's weight.

SOLUTION

(a)

For maximum acceleration

~.~ ~

~. tf,. , ~'-l.W

FF = F max = JLsN F = 0.8(0.62 W) = 0.496 W = 0.496 mg

Now ..±... IF'x = ma: FF = ma

or 0.496 mg = ma

Then a = 0.496(9.81 m/s") = 4.86576 m/s2

Since a is constant, we have

When

V2 =0+2a(x-0)

x = 400 m: v!ax = 2(4.86576 m/s2)( 400 m) Vmax = 62.391 m/s

or

or

Vmax = 225 kmIh ~

(b) For maximum acceleration

FR = Fmax = JLsNR = 0.8(0.43 W) = 0.344 W = 0.344 mg

Now

or

0.344mg=ma

Then

a = 0.344(9.81 m/s") = 3.37464 m/s2

Since a is constant, we have

When

V2 =0+2a(x-0)

x = 400 m: v!ax = 2(3.37464 m/s2)(400 m) Vmax = 51.959 m/s

or

or

vmax=187.lkmlh ~

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. ~ 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

281

II

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~,

\

PROBLEM 12.9

A 20-kg package is at rest on an incline when a force P is applied to it. Determine the magnitude of P if lOs is required for the package to travel 5 m up the incline. The static and kinetic coefficients of friction between the package and the incline are both equal to 0.3.

SOLUTION

Kinematics: Uniformly accelerated motion. (xo = 0, Vo = 0) 1 2 x=xo+vot+-at,

2

a = 2x = (2)(5) = 0.100 mls2

t2 (10)2

=

:I \~mQ.

~-""

I

I, I,

i j

, :

i'

or

+'-IFy =0: N-Psin500-rngcos200=0 N = P sin 50° + rng cos 20°

+/ IFx = rna: P cos 50° - rng sin 20° - IlN = rna

or P cos 50° - mg sin 20° -11(P sin 50° + rng cos 20°) = rna

rna + rng(sin 20° + 11 cos 20°)

P

cos 50° - 11 sin 50° For motion impending, set a = 0 and 11 = u, =.9:'40 ;'J

P = (20)(0) + (20)(9.81)(sin 20° + 0.4 cos 20°) cos 50° - 0.4 sin 50°

=~ 1-~\o~

For motion with a = 0.100 mls2, use 11 = 11k = 0.3.

P = (20)(0.100) + (20)(9.81)(sin 20° + 0.3 cos 20°) cos 50° - 0.3 sin 50°

P=301N <II1II

I i

I

~

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285

PROBLEM 12.15

Block A has a mass of 40 kg, and block B has a mass of 8 kg. The coefficients of friction between all surfaces of contact are Ils = 0.20 and Ilk = 0.15. If p= 0, determine (a) the acceleration of block B, (b) the tension in the cord.

p

SOLUTION

2x A + X BIA = constant 2vA+vB1A=0

2aA +aB1A =0

From the diagram

Then

and

Now

Then

or

or

Now

A:

(I)

. . Inc All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be disp~~d,

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you are using it without permission.

A:

NA =(mA +mB)gcosO FA =llsNA

=0.2(mA +mB)gcosO

"'~ =0: -T-FA-FAB+WAsinO=O

x

292

PROBLEM 12.15 (Continued)

or

T = mAg sinO- 0.2(mA + mB)gcosO- 0.2mBgcosO =g[mAsinO-0.2(mA +2mB)cosO]

Equating the two expressions for T

mBg(0.2cosO+sinO) = g[mA sinO- 0.2(mA + 2mB)cosO]

or 8(0.2 + tan 0) = [40tanO-0.2(40+ 2x8)]

or

tan 0 = 0.4

or aB =-aA

First we determine if~~ blocks. will m~ve fO~:;hgi~~np;:!:gO~:~i~:~i AW~::kt~ei:;~::~f 0 for

which the blocks are m impending motion, WI e

B: +/l:Fy=O: NAB-WBCOSO=O B: ~

or NAB ~mBgcosO &:'J;;:!

Now F AB = IlsNAB ~

=0.2mBgcosO

"':EF =0: -T+FAB +WBsinO=O

x

T = mBg(0.2cosO+ sinO) +/l:Fy=O: NA-NAB-WACOSO=O

or 0 = 21.8° For impending motion. Since 0 < 25°, the blocks will move. Now consider the motion of the blocks.

**(a) +/l:Fy =0: NAB - WB cos 25° = 0
**

B:

or NAB = mBgcos25°

Sliding: FAB = Ilk NAB =0.15mBgcos250

"~=mBaB: -T +F AB + WB sin 25° = mBaB

or T = mB[g(0.15cos25° + sin 25°) -aB]

= 8[9.81(0.15cos25°+ sin 25°) - aB] A:

=8(5.47952-aB) (N)

+/ I:.F'y = 0: NA - NAB - WA cos 25° = 0

or NA = (mA +mB)gcos25°

Sliding: FA =llkNA =0.15(mA +mB)gcos250 "~=mAaA: -T-FA -FAB +WAsin250=mAaA Substituting and using Eq. (1)

T = mAg sin 25°-0.15(mA +mB)gcos250

-0.15mBg cos 25°-mA-aB)

= g[mA sin 25°- 0.15(mA + 2mB)cos 250]+mAaB = 9.81[40 sin 25°- 0.15(40+ 2x8)cos 25°]+ 40aB

= 91.15202+ 40aB (N)

Equating the two expressions for T

8(5.47952 -aB) = 91.15202 +40aB

or

aB = -0.98575 rn/s2

(b) We have or

T = 8[5.47952 - (-0.98575)]

T=51.7N <l1li

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL iC 2009 The McGraW-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation. Jfyou are a student using this Manual, you are USing it without permission.

293

1.

PROBLEM 12.31

Blocks A and B weigh 20 lb each, block C weighs 14 lb, and block I? weighs 16 lb. Knowing that a downward force of magnitude 10. lb IS applied to block B and that the system starts from ~st, determine at t = 3 s the velocity (a) of D relative to A, (b) of C relative to D. Neglect the weights of the pulleys and the effect of friction.

SOLUTION

Note: As shown, the system is in equilibrium. From the diagram:

Cord 1:

2YA + 2YB + Ye = constant 2VA +2VB +ve = 0

2a A + 2a B + ae = 0

Then

and

Cord 2:

Then

2VD -VA -VB =0 2aD -aA -aB =0

and

We determine the accelerations of blocks A, C, and D, using the blocks as free bodies.

+ll:Fy = mAaA: WA

A: WA -21j +T2 =-aA

g

~ 20

1, • [f.!", or 20-21j +7; =-aA

g

WB

B: +~l:Fy = mBaB: WB -21j +T2 + (FB)ext =-aB

g

!g}.Q~ 20

or 20-211 +7; +10=-aB

g

20

Forming (3)-(4) ~ -10 =-(aA -aB)

g

1

or aB=aA+-g

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\

320

(l)

(2)

(3)

(4)

C:

D:

PROBLEM 12.31 (Continued)

Then Eq. (1):

2a A + 2 ( a A + ~ g ) + ae = 0

«c =-4aA-g 2aD -aA -( aA +~g )=0

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or

Eq. (2):

or

(5)

+ll:Fy = meae: We -11 = We ae g

11 =14(1-; J=I+- ~ (-4a, -g)]=28(1+2~ J

or

+ WD

l:Fy =mDaD: WD -21; =r=v»

g

or T, =~XI6(1-~ J=f ~( a, +~g )]=8( i- ~ J

Substituting for 11 [Eq. (5)J and 7; [Eq. (6)J in Eq. (3)

20-2[ 2s(1+2 ~ J]+s( i- ~ J= ~ a,

or

3 3

aA = -- g = --(32.2 ftls2) = -6.90 ftls2

14 14

ae = -4(-6.90 ftls2) - 32.2 ftls2 = -4.60 ftls2 aD = -6.90 ftls2 +.!.(32.2 ftls2) = 1.15 ftls2

4

(6)

Then

Note: We have uniformly accelerated motion, so that v=O+at

(a) We have

VDfA = VD -VA

or

V DfA = aD t - aA t = [1.15 - (-6.90)J ftls2 x3 s

V D/A = 24.2 ftls J,. ~

or

(b)

And

Yen: =Ve =VD

or

Vc/D =aet-aD I = (-4.60-1.15) ftls2 x3 s

velD = 17.25 ftls t ~

or

321

PROBLEM 12.45

A 60-kg wrecking ball B is attached to a 15-m-Iong st AB and swings in the vertical arc shown. Determine th in the cable (a) at the top C of the swing, (b) at the bot the swing, where the speed of B is 4.2 mls.

SOLUTION

(a) At C, the top of the swing, VB = 0; thus

+/ rFn = 0: TBA - WB cos20° = 0

or

TBA = (60 kg)(9.81 mls2)xcos20°

or

(b)

or

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL C 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by aTTJI means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond t distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation. Jfyou are a student using thi you are using it without permission.

341

zs£

'U01SS1W.lad InolfllMIl Buism a.lD no,( '/DnUDJV rflfl 3ulsn Iuapn,s D a.lD no,(.!I 'UO/lD.lDda.ld sssnoo /Dnplt11pUI .I1alfl.lof II1H-MD.lD:JJV ,(q palllUl.lad S.lOID:Jnpa PUD s.lalf:JDal 01 UO/lnql.11s1P pallWlI a'll puossq pam .10 '.Ialfrf/qnd a'll fo U01SrfUl.lad Uam.lM soud a'll mOlfllM 'SUDaw ,{UD ,(q so UI.Iof ,(UD ul pamql.11s1P .10 psonposdtu 'pa,u,/dsIP aq ,u,w /DnUDJV rflfl fo I.IDd oN 'p:lA.!:IsaJ Slt(.illllV '0UJ: 's:I!U1Id~oJ II!H-A\1I.If)0W :IIU. 600Z t:il '7Yll1t1J.YN ~1lYJ.tlllIJOllJ

C(I>-o)um .t2{'- = U!WIl

~UL C(I>-O)SO:> '8

.I = C(I>-O)U!S '8

UIW UL 'Zll

(v)

lO

lO

lO

NOI.Ln10S

.I

U!WIl UL = C(I> - 0) U!S '8 z

: uVUL = un +

'lU:)WaAlld :)1{l pun S:)l!l :)1{l U:):),\\l:)q s(I> UOH:>!lJ oums JO :)I~Ull :)1{l ptra '0 :)I~Ull ~tIp{Ullq :)1{l 'aAltl:> :)1{lJO.l srupsr :)1{lJO SWl:)l U! l:)M.SUllltlOA ssardxq 'ppts lOU soop rso :)1{l 1{:>!1{M. lOJ Il JO s:)nlllA JO :)~Ulll :)1{l :)U!Wl:)l:)G Oil poeds iumsuoa 11 III psor P:)){Ullq 11 uo ~UH:)Allll S! rao V

N + .!I = 1I :aloN

~UL

.I --UL XBUIIl

Z

C(I> + 0) so:> '8 C(I> +O)U!S '8

(z)

o = ,tM- C(I> + 0) soo '8

.I

XBUIIl UL = C(I> + 0) U!S '8 z

:UVUL = un +

(I)

N + .!I = 1I :aloN

zs·z ~ W31S0}ld

I, J

" I

I,

"

I.

II

.1 l

, , ,

PROBLEM 12.69

A collar B of mass m slides on the frictionless ann AA'. The ann is attached to drum D and rotates about 0 in a horizontal plane at the rate 8 = ct, where c is a constant. As the ann-drum assembly rotates, a mechanism within the drum winds in the cord so that the collar moves toward 0 with a constant speed k. Knowing that at t = 0, r = ro, express as a function of m, c, k, ro, and t, (a) the tension T in the cord, ( b) the magnitude of the horizontal force Q exerted on B by arm AA'.

SOLUTION

Kinematics

We have

dr =r=-k dt

At t = 0, r = ro:

ir dr = r' -kdt

ro Jo

or

r=ro-kt

r =0 8= ct O=c

Also,

Now

a, = r -r82

=O:""(ro -kt)(ct)2 = _c2 (ro - kt)t2

a8 = rO + 2f8

= (ro - kt)(c) + 2(-k)(ct) =c(ro -3kt)

and

Kinetics

(a) +/ IF,. = mar:

-T = m[ _c2 (ro - kt)t2]

or

Q = m[c(ro - 3kt)]

or

Q = mc(ro - 3kt) ....

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

385

f

:i , t

PROBLEM 12.82

A spacecraft is placed into a polar orbit about the planet Mars at an altitude of 380 km. Knowing that the mean density of Mars is 3.94 Mg/m3 and that the radius of Mars is 3397 km, determine (a) the time rrequired for the spacecraft to complete one full revolution about Mars, (b) the velocity with which the spacecraft describes its orbit.

SOLUTION

(a) From the solution to Problem 12.78, we have

where

r = Rw h = (3397 +380) km =3777km

Then

[ ]112( )312

31i 3777 km

'i= (66.73xl0-12 m3Jkg.s2)(3.94xI03 kg/m") 3397 km

=7019.5 s

or

'i = 1 h 57 min ....

(b) We have

21ir v=--

i"

21i(3777xl03 m)

= --'-------'-

7019.5 s

or

v=3380m/s ....

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation./fyou are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

403

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I

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Only Selected answers given

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