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A MICRO PROJECT

Report on

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULLFILL BY M.S.B.T.E Norms

FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2018-2019

FOR AWARD IN DIPLOMA IN

“ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING”

SUBMITTED BY

Deepak Yadav (17425)

Ganesh shahapurkar(180431)

Disale Sunny

Under the Guidance Of


Miss.S.M.More

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

SMT. Geeta D. Tatkare Polytechnic, Gove, Kolad.


Title of Micro-Project

1.0 Brief Introduction

Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words "biological" and "diversity". It refers to all the variety of life

that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that

they form and the habitats in which they live.

2.0 Aim of the Micro-Project


This Micro-Project aims at
1 . We studies how to make chart consisting
2 . Due to these micro project in future.We will applied it in industries, in shop's, office
etc.where it can be equipment.
3 . To understand in deep.

3.0 Action Plan (Sequence and time required for major activities for 8 Weeks)
S. Details of Planned Planned Name of Responsible Team Members
No. activity Start Finish
date date
1 Maydam Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
has given
the topic
name of
EST micro
project for
all of us.
2 We discuss Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
the
important
of Service
line.
3 We search Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
the
information
of service
line.
4 We search Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
about the
price and
we search
best quality
of chart.
5 We bring Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
the chart
which
required
for service
line.
6 We Start Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
the micro
project.
7 Our micro Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
project is
half
completed
8 We have Ganesh,Dipak,Sunny
completed
the micro
project and
submit
report of
the
teacher.

4.0 Resources Required (major resources such as raw material, some machining facility,
software etc.)

S. No. Remarks
1 Internet
2 Image

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Title of Micro-Project
1.0 Brief Introduction.

Biodiversity is species, genetic and ecosystem diversity


Biodiversity is not only the sum of all ecosystems, species and genetic
material. Rather, it represents the variability within and among them.
Biological diversity is often understood at three levels:
1. Species diversity refers to the variety of different species;
2. Genetic diversity corresponds to the variety of genes contained in plants, animals, fungi
and micro-organisms;
3. Ecosystem diversity refers to all the different habitats that exist, like tropical or temperate
forests, hot and cold deserts, wetlands, rivers, mountains, coral reefs, etc.
Biodiversity loss is not only the extinction of species
Initially the loss of biodiversity could be defined as the extinction of
species. Curiously the species richness of a particular ecosystem may
hardly change or may even increase because new -often wide spread-
species replace the original ones. It is therefore important not only to
look at species, but also at the abundance (the number of individuals)
of species. Species extinction is just a last step in a long degradation
process.

Biodiversity loss is increasing under human influence


The loss of biodiversity has increased in the 20th century. Identified
anthropogenic drivers influencing the loss of biodiversity are land
conversion, exploitation, fragmentation, water extraction, pollution,
eutrophication and climate change. Although climate is a slow
changing factor, studies on the impacts of climate change concluded
that climate change is already affecting species distributions all over
the world and will impact nature to a considerable amount in the 21st
century.

The importance of biodiversity


The intrinsic value of biodiversity is not the only reason biodiversity is
important. The natural environment provides the basic conditions
without which humans could not survive. Ecosystem services are the
benefits provided by ecosystems. These include provisioning services
such as food, water, timber, fiber, and genetic resources; regulating
services such as the regulation of climate, floods, disease, and water
quality as well as waste treatment; cultural services such as
recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, and spiritual fulfillment; and
supporting services such as soil formation, pollination, and nutrient
cycling.

The Convention on Biological Diversity


At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, world leaders agreed on a
comprehensive strategy for "sustainable development". One of the key
agreements adopted at Rio was the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD). This pact among the vast majority of the world's governments
establishes three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity,
the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable
sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources. In The
Hague 2002, the member states of the CBD agreed to significantly
reduce the rate of loss by 2010 at the global, regional and national
level. Shortly afterwards the Council of Europe agreed upon a halt of
the loss of biodiversity by 2010 (Kiev, 2003).

The role of PBL


The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) performs
assessments on biodiversity to evaluate policy and to explore policy
options. For these assessments PBL develops indicators and models to
determine the past, current and future state of biodiversity and its
causes. PBL also reviews the Dutch national policies on biodiversity
and nature in the yearly Nature Balance. This annual report presents
facts and figures on and evaluations of nature policy effectiveness in
the social and economic context.

2.0 Aim of the Micro-Project.


The aim of the Convention on Biological Diversity is 'the conservation of biological
diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the
benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. The convention stipulates that
Parties must :
 develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources;
 establish protected areas, restore degraded ecosystems, control alien species, and establish ex-situ
conservation facilities;
 establish training and research programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and
support such programmes in developing countries;
 promote public education and awareness of the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity;
 recognize the right of governments to regulate access to their own genetic resources, and, wherever possible,
grant other Parties access to genetic resources for environmentally sound uses;
 encourage technology and biotechnology transfer particularly to developing countries;
 establish an information exchange between the parties on all subjects relevant to biodiversity;
 promote technical and scientific cooperation between parties (particularly to developing countries) to enable
them to implement the convention;
 ensure that countries that provide genetic resources have access to the benefits arising from them; and
 provide financial resources to developing countries/parties to enable them to carry out the requirements of the
convention.

3.0. Course outcomes Integrated.


 A reservoir of wild animals and plants is preserved, thus enabling them to be introduced, if need be, in the
surrounding areas.
 Biological diversity provides immediate benefits to the society such as recreation and tourism.
 Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future.

4.0 Actual Procedure Followed.

S. No. Details of activity Planned Planned Name of Responsible Team Members


Start Finish
date date
1 Sir has given the topic name of
IME micro project for all of us.
2 We discuss the important of
peltier effect.
3 We search the information of
peltier effect.
4 We search about the price and
we search best quality of
chart.
5 We bring the chart which
required for peltier effect.
6 We Start the micro project.

7 Our micro project is half


completed

8 We have completed the micro


project and submit report of
the teacher.

5.0 Actual Resources Required (major resources such as raw material, some machining
facility, software etc.)

S. No. Name of Specifications Qty Remarks


Resource/material

1
2

6.0 Output of the micro project

 Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the
continuity of food chains.
 The genetic diversity of plants and animals is preserved.
 It ensures the sustainable utilisation of life support systems on earth.
 It provides a vast knowledge of potential use to the scientific community.

 7.0 Skill Developed/Learning out of this micro project

 We know about the supply main


 Learn to show the attitude of enquiry.
 Learn to participate effectively in group work.
 Learn to work independently for the responsibility undertake.
 Learn to prepare required drawing and detailed plan for execution of the work.

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