TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS

Dosen : Ibu Imel

DIBUAT OLEH : RUDI ASRURI NIM : 8020100027

PRIMARY TENSES
1.PRESENT TENSE
A. Simple Present Tense
S + Verb 1 (s/es) Everyday/today

Example :
The sun rises in the east.

B. Present Continous Tense
S + am/is/are + Verb 4 .Now

Example :
We are going to Jakarta tomorrow.

C. Present Perfect Tense
S+Have/Has+Verb 3 ..etc

Example :
I have known reynold for ten years.

D. Present Perfect Continous Tense
S + have/has + been + verb 4 etc

Example :
The students have been singing since this morning.

2.PAST TENSE
A. Simple Past Tense
S + Verb 2 Yesterday

Example :
John saw a crocodile in the river yesterday.

B. Past Continous Tense
S + was/were + verb 4 .When + s + Verb 2 .

Example :
She was cooking rice when Tom came yesterday.

C. Past Perfect Tense
S + had + verb 3 when/before S + V2

Example :
Tom had already gone home.

D. Past Perfect Continous Tense
S + had been + verb 4

Example :
They had been doing the homework.

3.FUTURE TENSE
A. Simple Future Tense
S+shall/will+verb 1 ..

Example :
I shall be visit Hawaii next holiday.

B. Future Continous Tense
S+Shall/will+be+verb 1+ing .

Example :
They will be meeting at Tokyo tomorrow morning.

C. Future Perfect Tense
S + will have + verb 3 + .by

Example :
We will have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon.

D. Future Perfect Continous Tense
S + will have been + verb 4 since

Example :
They will have been studying since this morning.

4. PAST FUTURE
A. Past Future Tense
S + would + V1 IF + S + verb 2 .etc

Example :
I would come if you invited me.

B. Past Future Continous Tense
S+Should/would be+verb 4 ..

Example :
We shouldbe watching in the cinema on Tuesday last week.

C. Past Future Perfect Tense
S + would have + verb 3 ..

Example :
He would have become a presiden.

D. Past Future Perfect Continous Tense
S + would have + been + verb 4 ..

Example :
The meeting would have been starting since this morning.

Conditional Sentences
BENTUK UMUM :
MAIN CLAUSE + IF CLAUSE DI MANA : Main clause selalu mempunyai modal auxiliary If clause selalu berupa : simple present, simple past, atau past perfect

1. conditional sentences type 1 : true in the present or future
S + MODAL V1 + V1 . . IF + S + V1 ATAU TO BE V1 FACT : Mengubah kata if dengan on condition that, provided, atau unless contoh : conditional : I may study in university if i graduate from senior high school fact : i may study in university on condition that i graduate from senior high school

2. conditional sentences type 2 : untrue in the present
S + MODAL V2 + V2 . . IF + S + V2 ATAU TO BE V2 FACT : 1. Ubah kata if menjadi because 2. Ubah tense menjadi simple present dan hilangkan modal 3. Ubah kalimat negatif menjadi positif dan sebaliknya contoh : conditional : I might study in university if i graduated from senior high school fact : I don't study in university because i don't graduate from senior high school

3. conditional sentences type 3 : untrue in the past

S + MODAL V2 + HAVE + V3 . . IF + S + HAD + V3 ATAU HAD BEEN FACT : 1. Ubah kata if menjadi because 2. Ubah tense menjadi simple present dan hilangkan modal 3. Ubah kalimat negatif menjadi positif dan sebaliknya contoh : conditional : I might have studied in university if i had graduated from senior high school fact : I didn't study in university because i didn't graduate from senior high school

4. AS IF AS THOUGH
S +VERB(PRESENT) +AS IF /AS THOUGH +S +VERB (PAST) Contoh : He orders me as though I worked for him.

5. HOPE - WISH
S + HOPE +THAT +S+ ALL TENSES (PRESENT,PAST,FUTURE) Contoh : I hope that she will give me a call tonight. S + WISH +THAT+ S+ SIMPLE PAST OR PAST PERFECT Contoh : I wish that he had had more time last night.

CAUSATIVE

Causative have
mengandung makna : meminta , menyuruh , menghendaki

BENTUK UMUM :
1. SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT 1 + VERB 1 + OBJECT 2 contoh : -He had me call the ambulance 2. SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT 1 + VERB 3 contoh : -He had the ambulance called

Causative make
mengandung makna : membuta, menyebabkan , menimbulkan

BENTUK UMUM :
SUBJECT + MAKE + OBJECT + VERB 1 contoh : Crawford can really make her boyfriend knee down

Causative let
mengandung makna : mengijinkan, memperbolehkan

BENTUK UMUM :
SUBJECT + LET + OBJECT + VERB 1 contoh : Her parents let Somali take the bus to school

Causative get
mengandung makna : menyuruh, meminta

BENTUK UMUM :
1. SUBJECT + GET + OBJECT 1 + VERB 1 + OBJECT 2 contoh : Mother gets me to close the door 2. SUBJECT + GET + OBJECT 1 + VERB 3 contoh : Mother gets the door closed

CATATAN : Bentuk causative : have, make, let, dan get dapat berubah sesuai dengan tenses yang digunakan.

Preference
Preference adalah ungkapan perasaan yang menyatakan lebih suka daripada yang lainnya

1. Prefer
Rumus:
y y y

Subject + Prefer + to infinitive Subject + Prefer + Nouns + to + Nouns Subject + Prefer + Gerund + to + Gerund

Contoh:
y y y

They prefer to go now My mother prefers lemon to orange She prefers watching TV to listening to the radio

2. Would Rather
Rumus:
y y y y

Subject + would rather + Kata kerja bentuk I (tanpa to- Infinitives) Subject + would rather + Infinitives + than + Infinitives Subject + would rather + Infinitives + Noun + than + Inf + Noun Subject + would rather + someone + Bentuk II

Contoh:
y y y y

I would rather study now She would rather stay home than go shopping We d rather play card than play ball I d rather you went now

3. Would Prefer to
Rumus:
y y

Subject + Would Prefer to + infinitive +rather than + inf Subject + would Prefer to + infinitives + Nouns + rather than + infinitives + Nouns

Contoh:
y y

They would prefer to sing rather than dance You d prefer to play ball rather than take a sleep

4. Like
Rumus:
y y y

Subject + Like + Nouns/Gerunds Subject + like +gerunds + better than + gerund Subject + like + noun + better than + noun

Contoh:
y y y

I like singing a song She likes singing a song better than playing a guitar They like coffee better than tea

5. Had Better
Rumus:
y y

Subject + had better + infinitive Subject + had better + not + infinitive

Contoh:
y y

You had better study hard You had better not work on Sundays

6. It s time
Rumus:
y

It s time + to infinitives

y

It s time + Subject + Bentuk past

Contoh:
y y

It s time to get up It s time you went away

7. Instead of
Instead of kita gunakan sebagai pengganti dari: to, than, better than, rather than Rumus:
y

Instead of + Gerund/Nouns

Contoh:
y y y y

I prefer staying home instead of going out They would rather eat their lunch instead of work I woud prefer to invite them instead of him He likes me instead of him

SUBJECT
SINGULAR : I , YOU , HE , SHE , IT , ANY , EVERY ,SOMEONE , SOMEBODY , SOMETHING ,EACH ,
EITHER , NEITHER, PERSON (REZA, RIDO , RYAN , ETC )

PLURAL :

WE , THEY , A PLURAL NOUN BY S OR ES , BOTH ,TWO OR MORE OBJECT BY AND

PREDICATE
SINGULAR : BECOME , CATCH , DRINK , DRIVE , FORGIVE , FLY , GO , KNOW , RIDE , WRITE
PLURAL : BECOMES , CATCHES , DRINKS , DRIVES ,FORGIVES , FLIES , GOES , KNOWS , RIDES , WRITES

OBJECT

SINGULAR : ME , YOU , IT , HIM , HER , ANY , EITHER, MAN , WOMAN , CHILD , PERSON. PLURAL : US , THEM , A PLURAL NOUN WITH S OR ES , MEN , WOMEN , CHILDREN , PEOPLE.

ADVERBS
To form regular adverbs, add -ly to the adjective. Words ending in -y change to -ily and words ending in le change to -ly. SINGULAR : QUICK , BAD , CAREFUL , EASY , SIMPLE. PLURAL : QUICKLY , BADLY ,CAREFULLY , EASILY , SIMPLY,

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful